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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722531/patterns-of-renal-disease-in-south-korea-a-20-year-review-of-a-single-center-renal-biopsy-database
#1
Ho Sik Shin, Dae Hyeon Cho, Soo Kyoung Kang, Hyun Jeong Kim, Soo Young Kim, Joung Wook Yang, Gyong Hoon Kang, Ye Na Kim, Yeonsoon Jung, Bong-Kwon Cheon, Hark Rim
BACKGROUND: Several registries and centers have reported the results of renal biopsies from different parts of the world. As there are few data regarding the epidemiology of glomerulonephritis (GN) in South Korea, we conducted this study on renal biopsy findings during the last 20 years from a single center. METHODS: Data for 818 patients who underwent renal biopsy at our center between 1992 and 2011 were collected retrospectively. All kidney specimens were examined with light microscopy (LM) and immunofluorescent microscopy (IF)...
November 2017: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718063/new-insights-on-platelets-and-platelet-derived-microparticles-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#2
REVIEW
Marc Scherlinger, Vanja Sisirak, Christophe Richez, Estibaliz Lazaro, Pierre Duffau, Patrick Blanco
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Current knowledge on the role of platelets and platelet-derived microparticles (PMPs) on the immune system has been fast-growing. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a systemic auto-immune disorder characterized by a loss of tolerance toward nuclear auto-antigens. Although recent studies allowed a better understanding of SLE pathogenesis, there is an urgent need for the development of new treatments and the identification of new biomarkers to assess the disease activity...
August 2017: Current Rheumatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715293/surveillance-for-antibodies-against-six-canine-viruses-in-wild-raccoons-procyon-lotor-in-japan
#3
Emiko Aoki, Takehisa Soma, Mayumi Yokoyama, Makoto Matsubayashi, Kazumi Sasai
Raccoons (Procyon lotor) are found worldwide. They are frequently seen in crowded inner cities as well as in forests or wooded areas, often living in proximity to humans and their pets. We examined sera from 100 wild raccoons in Japan for antibodies to six canine viruses with veterinary significance to assess their potential as reservoirs. We also aimed to understand the distribution of potentially infected wildlife. We found that 7% of samples were seropositive for canine distemper virus (CDV), 10% for canine parvovirus type (CPV), 2% for canine adenovirus type 1, 6% for canine adenovirus type 2, and 7% for canine coronavirus...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702765/association-between-serum-plasma-adiponectin-levels-and-immune-mediated-diseases-a-meta-analysis
#4
Ming-Yue Zhang, Ahmed Ali Dini, Xiao-Ke Yang, Lian-Ju Li, Guo-Cui Wu, Rui-Xue Leng, Hai-Feng Pan, Dong-Qing Ye
Adiponectin plays an important role in the development of immune-mediated diseases. Currently published data regarding the relationship between serum/plasma levels of adiponectin and immune-mediated diseases are inconsistent. We therefore conducted this meta-analysis to explore the association of serum/plasma adiponectin levels with immune-mediated diseases in humans. Systematic literature search was conducted to identify all relevant studies. The study quality was assessed by the Newcastle-Ottawa scale. Pooled standard mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated by random-effect model analysis...
July 12, 2017: Archives of Dermatological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702755/the-influence-of-breed-and-environmental-factors-on-social-and-solitary-play-in-dogs-canis-lupus-familiaris
#5
Lindsay R Mehrkam, Nathaniel J Hall, Chelsea Haitz, Clive D L Wynne
The domestic dog is an ideal model species in which to study the genetic and environmental factors that influence play behavior. Dogs exist in a wide variety of breeds and frequently engage in multiple forms of play. In the present study, we investigated whether the levels of solitary and social play differed between dogs of three breed types with distinct predatory motor pattern sequences (herding dogs, retrievers, and livestock guarding dogs [LGDs]). Furthermore, we investigated how environmental factors (social and nonsocial contexts) influenced play in dogs of these breed types...
July 12, 2017: Learning & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680658/differences-in-greeting-behaviour-towards-humans-with-varying-levels-of-familiarity-in-hand-reared-wolves-canis-lupus
#6
Dorottya Júlia Ujfalussy, Anita Kurys, Enikő Kubinyi, Márta Gácsi, Zsófia Virányi
Socialized wolves' relationship with humans is a much debated, but important question in light of dog domestication. Earlier findings reported no attachment to the caretaker at four months of age in a Strange Situation Test, while recently attachment to the caretaker was reported at a few weeks of age in a similar paradigm. To explore wolf-human relationship, we analysed behaviours of hand reared, extensively socialized wolves towards four visitor types: foster-parents, close acquaintances, persons met once before, and complete strangers during a greeting episode...
June 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679751/aim2-like-receptors-positively-and-negatively-regulate-the-interferon-response-induced-by-cytosolic-dna
#7
Yuki Nakaya, Jingtao Lilue, Spyridon Stavrou, Eileen A Moran, Susan R Ross
Cytosolic DNAs derived from retrotransposons serve as pathogen-associated molecular patterns for pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) that stimulate the induction of interferons (IFNs) and other cytokines, leading to autoimmune disease. Cyclic GMP-AMP synthase is one PRR that senses retrotransposon DNA, activating type I IFN responses through the stimulator of IFN genes (STING). Absent in melanoma 2 (AIM2)-like receptors (ALRs) have also been implicated in these pathways. Here we show that the mouse ALR IFI205 senses cytosolic retrotransposon DNA independently of cyclic GMP-AMP production...
July 5, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673589/hepatitis-b-vaccine-non-response-a-predictor-of-latent-autoimmunity
#8
M D Raffaella Mormile
Unresponsiveness to Hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccine has been associated with interleukins involved with Th1 functioning including Interleukin-8 (IL-18) and Interferon-γ (IFN-γ). IL-18 and IFN-γ have also been implicated in the onset of different types of immune-mediate inflammatory conditions such as Type 1 Diabetes (T1D), Celiac disease (CD), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), obesity and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Taking into account that HBV vaccination is provided in the 1st year of life worldwide, I propose that all babies should be tested for anti-HBs response after completion of the vaccine series...
July 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670251/genetic-similarities-and-differences-between-discoid-and-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-patients-within-the-polish-population
#9
Katarzyna Skonieczna, Rafał Czajkowski, Sebastian Kaszewski, Mariusz Gawrych, Aneta Jakubowska, Tomasz Grzybowski
INTRODUCTION: Many studies have shown that some SNPs might be a risk factor for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), but little is known about potential susceptibility loci of the skin types of the disease. Discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE) is the most common form of the cutaneous lupus erythematosus. Nevertheless, a genetic contribution to DLE is not fully recognized. AIM: We aimed to analyze three SNPs located in the STAT4 (rs7574865), ITGAM (rs1143679) and TNXB (rs1150754) genes in both DLE and SLE patients from Poland...
June 2017: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661935/musculoskeletal-manifestations-of-systemic-lupus-erythmatosus
#10
Khaled Mahmoud, Ahmed Zayat, Edward M Vital
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Imaging studies suggest potential changes to the classification and assessment of inflammatory musculoskeletal lupus. This is important because of the burden of disease but the potential for new targeted therapies. RECENT FINDINGS: Using our current classification and treatment, musculoskeletal symptoms continue to impact significantly on quality of life and work disability. Ultrasound and MRI studies suggested that new approaches to the diagnosis, classification, and evaluation of these symptoms are needed...
June 28, 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624334/seasonality-and-autoimmune-diseases-the-contribution-of-the-four-seasons-to-the-mosaic-of-autoimmunity
#11
REVIEW
Abdulla Watad, Shir Azrielant, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Kassem Sharif, Paula David, Itay Katz, Gali Aljadeff, Mariana Quaresma, Galya Tanay, Mohammad Adawi, Howard Amital, Yehuda Shoenfeld
Autoimmune diseases (ADs) are a heterogeneous groups of diseases that occur as a results of loss of tolerance to self antigens. While the etiopathogeneis remain obscure, different environmental factors were suggested to have a role in the development of autoimmunity, including infections, low vitamin D levels, UV radiation, and melatonin. Interestingly, such factors possess seasonal variation patterns that could influence disease development, severity and progression. Vitamin D levels which reach a nadir during late winter and early spring is correlated with increased disease activity, clinical severity as well as relapse rates in several disease entities including multiple sclerosis (MS), non-cutaneous flares of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), psoriasis, and rheumatoid arthritis (RA)...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619037/ifn-%C3%AE-1-with-th17-axis-cytokines-and-ifn-%C3%AE-define-different-subsets-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-sle
#12
Vilija Oke, Susanna Brauner, Anders Larsson, Johanna Gustafsson, Agneta Zickert, Iva Gunnarsson, Elisabet Svenungsson
BACKGROUND: Interferon (IFN)-α is thought to have a pivotal role in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and type III IFNs (IFN-λ) were recently also associated with SLE. In this study, we measured levels of IFN-α, IFN-λ1, and related cytokines, such as IL-17A, IL-23, and interferon-γ-induced protein 10 (IP-10), in a Karolinska University Hospital cohort of patients with SLE and control subjects. The objective of the study was to investigate if cytokine measurements could identify different subsets of patients with active SLE and higher disease damage...
June 15, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606963/a-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-in-the-ncf1-gene-leading-to-reduced-oxidative-burst-is-associated-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#13
Lina M Olsson, Åsa C Johansson, Birgitta Gullstrand, Andreas Jönsen, Saedis Saevarsdottir, Lars Rönnblom, Dag Leonard, Jonas Wetterö, Christopher Sjöwall, Elisabet Svenungsson, Iva Gunnarsson, Anders A Bengtsson, Rikard Holmdahl
OBJECTIVES: Ncf1 polymorphisms leading to low production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) are strongly associated with autoimmune diseases in animal models. The human NCF1 gene is very complex with both functional and non-functional gene copies and genotyping requires assays specific for functional NCF1 genes. We aimed at investigating association and function of the missense single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), rs201802880 (here denoted NCF1-339) in NCF1 with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)...
June 12, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604802/serological-profiling-of-the-ebv-immune-response-in-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-using-a-peptide-microarray
#14
Madlen Loebel, Maren Eckey, Franziska Sotzny, Elisabeth Hahn, Sandra Bauer, Patricia Grabowski, Johannes Zerweck, Pavlo Holenya, Leif G Hanitsch, Kirsten Wittke, Peter Borchmann, Jens-Ulrich Rüffer, Falk Hiepe, Klemens Ruprecht, Uta Behrends, Carola Meindl, Hans-Dieter Volk, Ulf Reimer, Carmen Scheibenbogen
BACKGROUND: Epstein-Barr-Virus (EBV) plays an important role as trigger or cofactor for various autoimmune diseases. In a subset of patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) disease starts with infectious mononucleosis as late primary EBV-infection, whereby altered levels of EBV-specific antibodies can be observed in another subset of patients. METHODS: We performed a comprehensive mapping of the IgG response against EBV comparing 50 healthy controls with 92 CFS patients using a microarray platform...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598451/role-of-s-100-immunostain-as-an-auxiliary-diagnostic-aid-in-leprosy
#15
R Dhakhwa, S Acharya, S Pradhan, S B Shrestha, T Itoh
INTRODUCTION: Histopathologic diagnosis of leprosy is difficult when Bacillary Index (BI) is zero and neural involvement are not easily identifiable on routine Hematoxylin and Eosin stain. This study was undertaken to study the role of S-100 immunostaining in demonstrating different patterns of nerve involvement in various types of leprosy. METHODS: Thirty one skin biopsies with clinico-histopathologic diagnoses of leprosy over a period of two years were included in the study...
January 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584626/mmp2-and-mmp9-associate-with-crescentic-glomerulonephritis
#16
Tessa M Phillips, Mitali Fadia, Tom N Lea-Henry, Jonathan Smiles, Giles D Walters, Simon H Jiang
Background: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized by multiple organ involvement. Lupus nephritis (LN) is a common manifestation with a wide variety of histological appearances. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) 2 and 9 are gelatinases capable of degrading glomerular basement membrane type IV collagen, which have been associated with LN. We examine the expression of MMP2 and MMP9 in different classes of LN. Methods: MMP2 and MMP9 expression was detected by immunohistochemistry in sections from renal biopsy specimens with class III, class IV and class V LN (total n = 31), crescentic immunoglobulin A nephropathy (n = 6), pauci-immune glomerulonephritis (n = 7), minimal change disease (n = 2), mesangiocapillary glomerulonephritis (n = 7), diabetic nephropathy (n = 12) and histologically normal controls (n = 8)...
April 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540895/pattern-of-acute-glomerulonephritis-in-adult-population-in-dubai-a-single-center-experience
#17
Amna K Alhadari, Fakhriya J Alalawi, Ayman Aly Seddik, Kaneez Zahra, Dileep Kumar, Hussain Yousif, Hind Alnour, Michael Jansen, Mohammad J Railey
Epidemiological data of renal diseases have great geographic variability throughout the world. Due to the lack of a national renal data registry system, there is no information on the prevalence rate, clinical and pathological features of various glomerulonephritis (GN) in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). In a retrospective cross-sectional study, we analyzed 158 renal biopsies done in Dubai Hospital, UAE, between the years of 2005 and September 2014, with an aim to determine the prevalence rate and frequency of different pathological patterns of GN in adult patients who presented with proteinuria ± hematuria...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512017/a-case-of-autoimmune-severe-acquired-von-willebrand-syndrome-type-3-like
#18
Chakri Gavva, Prapti Patel, Yu-Min Shen, Eugene Frenkel, Ravi Sarode
Von Willebrand disease (VWD) is the most common congenital bleeding disorder and is due to quantitative or qualitative defects of von Willebrand factor (VWF). Acquired defects of VWF, termed acquired von Willebrand syndrome (AVWS), are due to a host of different mechanisms. Autoantibody-mediated AVWS may be associated with lymphoproliferative or immunological disorders, such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). A large majority of AVWS cases are type 1 or type 2A-like and patients tend to have a mild to moderate bleeding tendency...
April 27, 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506339/-effect-of-allergic-rhinitis-on-disease-condition-and-treatment-in-patients-with-juvenile-onset-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#19
Yan-Qing Zhou, Lan-Fang Cao, Ru-Ru Guo, Le-Ping Li, Hui-Fen Fang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of allergic rhinitis (AR) and its intervention on disease condition and medications in patients with juvenile-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (JSLE). METHODS: The clinical data of 96 children diagnosed with JSLE were collected, and according to the presence or absence of AR or other allergic diseases, they were divided into AR group (n=44), non-AR group (n=20), and non-allergic group (n=32). The children in the AR group were randomly administered with or without intervention (n=22 each)...
May 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483540/peripheral-nervous-system-involvement-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-prevalence-clinical-and-immunological-characteristics-treatment-and-outcome-of-a-large-cohort-from-a-single-centre
#20
REVIEW
Pilar Toledano, Ramón Orueta, Ignasi Rodríguez-Pintó, Josep Valls-Solé, Ricard Cervera, Gerard Espinosa
Disorders of peripheral nervous system in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (PNS-SLE) are a major cause of morbidity. The aims of the present study were to determine the prevalence of PNS-SLE involvement in a large cohort of SLE patients from a single centre, to characterize such involvement, treatment modalities and outcome, and to identify the possible variables that may be associated with its presence. We performed an observational cross-sectional study that included all SLE patients being followed in our department between March and December 2015 who met at least one of the PNS-SLE case definitions proposed in 1999 by the American College of Rheumatology...
May 5, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
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