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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819535/clinical-features-and-antinuclear-antibodies-profile-among-adults-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-and-lupus-nephritis-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Nashwa Ahmed, Mazin Shigidi, Al Nour Al Agib, Hassan Abdelrahman, Elshafie Taha
INTRODUCTION: Limited data is available regarding the clinical manifestations and pattern of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) in Sudan. This study aimed to determine the clinical manifestations and Antinuclear Antibodies (ANA) profile among Sudanese adults with SLE and lupus nephritis (LN). METHODS: A descriptive study was conducted in Omdurman Military Hospital, Sudan. It included all adults with SLE and on regular follow-up during the study period (December 2012 to May 2013)...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819523/-cutaneous-tuberculosis-in-bamako-mali
#2
Adama Dicko, Ousmane Faye, Youssouf Fofana, Moussa Soumoutera, Siritio Berthé, Saidou Touré, Bekaye Traoré, Binta Guindo, Koureissi Tall, Alimata Keita, Lassine Kéita, Karim Coulibaly, Somita Keita
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis is the most common mycobacteriosis in sub-Saharan Africa. Cutaneous tuberculosis is rare and underdiagnosed due to its clinical polymorphism and to the smallness of technical equipment. This study aims to describe the epidemiological, clinical, histopathological aspects of cutaneous tuberculosis in Bamako (Mali). METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional descriptive study from January 1991 to December 2008. The study was performed in the Department of Dermatology at the National Center for Disease Control and in the Department of Pneumophtisiology at the Hospital of Point G...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800668/-epidemiology-risk-factors-and-risk-stratification-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-pregnancy-and-the-puerperium
#3
Panagiotis Tsikouras, Georg-Friedrich von Tempelhoff, Werner Rath
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) remains a leading cause of direct maternal deaths in the developed countries. The incidence of VTE has increased significantly during the past two decades. The absolute risk of VTE is estimated 0.6-2.2 per 1000 deliveries. Compared with age-matched non-pregnant women, the daily risk of VTE is increased 7- to 10-fold for antepartum VTE, but it is 15- to 35-fold for postpartum VTE. The incidence of pulmonary embolism (PE) during the first 6 weeks postpartum is nearly 15-fold higher compared to the incidence in pregnancy, and remains significantly increased up to 12 weeks postpartum...
August 2017: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780511/epidemiology-and-burden-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-in-a-southern-european-population-data-from-the-community-based-lupus-registry-of-crete-greece
#4
Irini Gergianaki, Antonis Fanouriakis, Argyro Repa, Michalis Tzanakakis, Christina Adamichou, Alexandra Pompieri, Giorgis Spirou, Antonios Bertsias, Eleni Kabouraki, Ioannis Tzanakis, Leda Chatzi, Prodromos Sidiropoulos, Dimitrios T Boumpas, George K Bertsias
OBJECTIVES: Several population-based studies on systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have been reported, yet community-based, individual-case validated, comprehensive reports are missing. We studied the SLE epidemiology and burden on the island of Crete during 1999-2013. METHODS: Multisource case-finding included patients ≥15 years old. Cases were ascertained by the ACR 1997, SLICC 2012 criteria and rheumatologist diagnosis, and validated through synthesis of medical charts, administrative and patient-generated data...
August 5, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762061/direct-antiglobulin-coombs-test-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-patients
#5
Thelma Skare, Leandro Picelli, Thiago Alberto G Dos Santos, Renato Nisihara
The objective of the study is to study the positivity of Coombs test or direct antiglobulin test (DAT) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients and its relationship with disease's clinical and serological profile. Retrospective study of 373 SLE patients seen at single Rheumatology Unit. Epidemiological data (age, gender, age at disease onset, auto declared ethnic background and tobacco use), clinical (malar rash, photosensitivity, oral ulcers, discoid lesions, serositis, glomerulonephritis, convulsions, psychosis, hemolytic anemia, leukopenia, lymphocytopenia and arthritis), and serological profile (anti ds DNA, anti Ro/SS-A; anti La/SS-B, Anti RNP, Anti Sm, aCl (anticardiolipin) IgG, aCl Ig M, LA or lupus anticoagulant, rheumatoid factor and direct Coombs) were collected...
July 31, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723711/epidemiology-of-autoimmune-and-inflammatory-diseases-in-a-french-nationwide-hiv-cohort
#6
D Lebrun, M Hentzien, L Cuzin, D Rey, V Joly, L Cotte, C Allavena, P Dellamonica, A Servettaz, F Bani-Sadr
HIV infection and inflammatory and autoimmune diseases (IAD) are both related to immune dysfunction. Epidemiological data on IAD in patients living with HIV (PLHIV) are scarce. The aim of this study was thus to estimate the prevalence of 26 IAD among PLHIV followed in a large French multicenter cohort in the cART era (from January 2000 to July 2013), and to describe their occurrence according to cART onset, the immuno-virological status of patients and HCV and/or HBV co-infection.During the study period, 33 403 PLHIV were included in the Dat'AIDS cohort; 1381 patients with an IAD were identified...
July 18, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722531/patterns-of-renal-disease-in-south-korea-a-20-year-review-of-a-single-center-renal-biopsy-database
#7
Ho Sik Shin, Dae Hyeon Cho, Soo Kyoung Kang, Hyun Jeong Kim, Soo Young Kim, Joung Wook Yang, Gyong Hoon Kang, Ye Na Kim, Yeonsoon Jung, Bong-Kwon Cheon, Hark Rim
BACKGROUND: Several registries and centers have reported the results of renal biopsies from different parts of the world. As there are few data regarding the epidemiology of glomerulonephritis (GN) in South Korea, we conducted this study on renal biopsy findings during the last 20 years from a single center. METHODS: Data for 818 patients who underwent renal biopsy at our center between 1992 and 2011 were collected retrospectively. All kidney specimens were examined with light microscopy (LM) and immunofluorescent microscopy (IF)...
November 2017: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667203/epidemiology-and-risk-factors-of-coronary-artery-aneurysm-in-taiwan-a-population-based-case-control-study
#8
Chein-Tang Fang, Yi-Ping Fang, Yaw-Bin Huang, Chen-Chun Kuo, Chung-Yu Chen
OBJECTIVES: Coronary artery aneurysm (CAA) is usually an asymptomatic and rare disease. There are limited epidemiological data for CAA in Asian populations and in the rest of the world. DESIGN: A retrospective case control study. SETTING: A population based, database study from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database, between 2005 and 2011. PARTICIPANTS: CAA patients identified using International Classification of Diseases, ninth revision, clinical modification (ICD-9-CM) code 414...
June 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657857/genetic-characterization-of-canine-parvovirus-in-sympatric-free-ranging-wild-carnivores-in-portugal
#9
Carla Miranda, Nuno Santos, Colin Parrish, Gertrude Thompson
Since its emergence in the 1970s, canine parvovirus (CPV) has been reported in domestic and nondomestic carnivores worldwide with severe implications on their health and survival. Here, we aim to better understand CPV circulation in multihost-pathogens systems by characterizing CPV DNA or viruses in 227 free-ranging wild carnivores of 12 species from Portugal. Collected samples during 1995-2011 were analyzed by PCR and sequence analysis. The canine parvovirus DNA was detected in 4 (2%) animals of two species, namely in wolves (Canis lupus; 3/63, 5%, 95% confidence interval=1...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652101/salt-inflammatory-joint-disease-and-autoimmunity
#10
Johanna Sigaux, Luca Semerano, Guillaume Favre, Natacha Bessis, Marie-Christophe Boissier
Salt is a vital nutrient. Excess salt intake, however, has recently been blamed for triggering and/or worsening certain autoimmune diseases. In vitro, the cells involved in innate and adaptive immune responses exhibit an inflammatory profile when placed in hypertonic saline. More specifically, macrophages release increased amounts of proinflammatory cytokines, produce reactive oxygen species, and become capable of activating the inflammasome. T helper cells, via activation of serum and glucocorticoid-regulated kinase 1 (SGK1), overexpress IL-17A and IL-23R and differentiate into Th17 cells; whereas regulatory T cells lose the inhibitory capabilities needed to preserve self-tolerance...
June 23, 2017: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651741/association-between-cigarette-smoking-and-impaired-clinical-symptoms-in-systemic-sclerosis-a-review
#11
REVIEW
Yan-Jie Zhang, Li Zhang, Xiao-Lei Huang, Yu Duan, Li-Juan Yang, Jing Wang
It has been established that smoking has a profound impact on susceptibility and severity in some rheumatic diseases (e.g., rheumatoid arthritis), a mild impact in others (e.g., systemic lupus erythematosus) through epidemiological studies. And smoking is known to affect many inflammatory and autoimmune diseases through various mechanisms, including immunomodulation and chemical exposure. Although similar studies investigating the role of cigarette exposure in susceptibility to SSc have been rarely reported and specific mechanisms have never been established, the relationship between smoking and some SSc-related symptoms have been demonstrated during the last decade...
April 12, 2017: Cellular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587586/depression-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-gender-differences-in-the-performance-of-the-beck-depression-inventory-bdi-center-for-epidemiologic-studies-depression-scale-ces-d-and-hospital-anxiety-and-depression-scale-hads
#12
E A Macêdo, S Appenzeller, L T L Costallat
The prevalence of depressive symptoms in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) varies widely between different cohorts (17-75%), primarily due to factors such as the heterogeneity of the samples and the instruments used to detect depressive symptoms. Most of these instruments are self-administered questionnaires that have different characteristics and approaches to depressive symptoms. This study aimed to evaluate gender differences in the performance of three questionnaires used to assess depressive symptoms in patients with SLE: the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28564695/efficacy-and-tolerance-of-anti-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-agents-in-cutaneous-sarcoidosis-a-french-study-of-46-cases
#13
MULTICENTER STUDY
Valentine Heidelberger, Saskia Ingen-Housz-Oro, Alicia Marquet, Matthieu Mahevas, Didier Bessis, Laurence Bouillet, Frédéric Caux, Catherine Chapelon-Abric, Sébastien Debarbieux, Emmanuel Delaporte, Anne-Bénédicte Duval-Modeste, Olivier Fain, Pascal Joly, Sylvain Marchand-Adam, Jean-Benoît Monfort, Nicolas Noël, Thierry Passeron, Marc Ruivard, Françoise Sarrot-Reynauld, Denis Verrot, Diane Bouvry, Laurence Fardet, Olivier Chosidow, Pascal Sève, Dominique Valeyre
Importance: Evidence for the long-term efficacy and safety of anti-tumor necrosis factor α agents (anti-TNF) in treating cutaneous sarcoidosis is lacking. Objective: To determine the efficacy and safety of anti-TNF in treating cutaneous sarcoidosis in a large observational study. Design, Setting, and Participants: STAT (Sarcoidosis Treated with Anti-TNF) is a French retrospective and prospective multicenter observational database that receives data from teaching hospitals and referral centers, as well as several pneumology, dermatology, and internal medicine departments...
July 1, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560307/lupus-profundus-limited-to-a-site-of-trauma-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
María Adriana Castrillón, Dédée F Murrell
Lupus erythematosus profundus (LEP) is a rare form of chronic cutaneous lupus erythematosus. We report on a case of a 56-year-old Caucasian woman who presented with a single, persistent, painful rash on the left hip and lateral aspect of the left upper thigh, which had been present for 2.5 years. The patient had a history of previous injury to this area before the rash started. Clinical findings showed an inflamed, hyperpigmented, and indurated plaque with a linear skin invagination and no associated systemic symptoms...
June 2017: International Journal of Women's Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557287/epidemiology-and-clinical-features-of-inflammatory-retinal-vascular-occlusions-pooled-data-from-two-tertiary-referral-institutions
#15
Aniruddha Agarwal, Samendra Karkhur, Kanika Aggarwal, Alessandro Invernizzi, Ramandeep Singh, Mangat R Dogra, Vishali Gupta, Amod Gupta, Diana V Do, Quan D Nguyen
IMPORTANCE: In a subset of patients with retinal vasculitis, there is occlusion of blood flow through the retinal vessels. These eyes are at high risk of sight-threatening complications. BACKGROUND: To characterize epidemiology, clinical course, treatment and outcomes of occlusive retinal vasculitis (ORV). DESIGN: Retrospective study PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-seven uveitis patients with ORV at two large tertiary-care institutions (the USA and India)...
May 29, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544568/depression-risk-in-young-adults-with-childhood-and-adult-onset-lupus-12-years-of-follow-up
#16
Andrea M Knight, Laura Trupin, Patricia Katz, Edward Yelin, Erica F Lawson
OBJECTIVE: To compare major depression risk among young adults with childhood-onset and adult-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and to determine demographic and health-related predictors of depression. METHODS: Young adults with SLE ages 18-45 years (n=546) in the Lupus Outcomes Study completed annual telephone surveys from 2002-2015, including assessment of depression using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), and self-report measures of sociodemographics and health characteristics...
May 23, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540895/pattern-of-acute-glomerulonephritis-in-adult-population-in-dubai-a-single-center-experience
#17
Amna K Alhadari, Fakhriya J Alalawi, Ayman Aly Seddik, Kaneez Zahra, Dileep Kumar, Hussain Yousif, Hind Alnour, Michael Jansen, Mohammad J Railey
Epidemiological data of renal diseases have great geographic variability throughout the world. Due to the lack of a national renal data registry system, there is no information on the prevalence rate, clinical and pathological features of various glomerulonephritis (GN) in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). In a retrospective cross-sectional study, we analyzed 158 renal biopsies done in Dubai Hospital, UAE, between the years of 2005 and September 2014, with an aim to determine the prevalence rate and frequency of different pathological patterns of GN in adult patients who presented with proteinuria ± hematuria...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535894/association-between-demyelinating-disease-and-autoimmune-rheumatic-disease-in-a-pediatric-population
#18
Ana Luiza M Amorim, Nadia C Cabral, Fabiane M Osaku, Claudio A Len, Enedina M L Oliveira, Maria Teresa Terreri
INTRODUCTION: Multiple sclerosis (MS) and neuromyelitis optica (NMO) are demyelinating diseases of the central nervous system. Autoimmunity in patients with demyelinating disease and in their families has been broadly investigated and discussed. Recent studies show a higher incidence of rheumatic autoimmune diseases among adult patients with MS or NMO and their families, but there are no studies in the pediatric population. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate an association of MS and NMO with autoimmune rheumatic diseases in pediatric patients...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530079/-kidney-diseases-in-north-israel-according-to-kidney-biopsies-bnai-zion-medical-center-14-years-experience
#19
Shimon Storch, Nadav Willner, Aurora Toubi, Simona Croitoru, Vladimir Wolfson, Ibrahim Matar, Elinor Grushka, Majed Odeh, Efrat Wolfovits, Elad Schiff, Yitzhak Rosner, Elias Toubi, Aharon Kessel, Ofer Ben Izhak, Boaz Moskovitz, Ofer Nativ
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the prevalence of kidney diseases according to renal biopsy in Israel. Since updated literature worldwide emphasizes changing etiologies of chronic kidney disease, it is crucial to research and define the epidemiology and pathology of kidney disease in Israel. Hereby, we introduce an original review of the prevalence of kidney diseases in our study population, which we believe reflects the prevalence of kidney diseases in the population of Israel. AIMS: To investigate the prevalence of kidney diseases diagnosed by renal biopsy, according to age, gender, race and clinical symptoms...
September 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529699/evolution-immunity-and-the-emergence-of-brain-superautoantigens
#20
Serge Nataf
While some autoimmune disorders remain extremely rare, others largely predominate the epidemiology of human autoimmunity. Notably, these include psoriasis, diabetes, vitiligo, thyroiditis, rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis. Thus, despite the quasi-infinite number of "self" antigens that could theoretically trigger autoimmune responses, only a limited set of antigens, referred here as superautoantigens, induce pathogenic adaptive responses. Several lines of evidence reviewed in this paper indicate that, irrespective of the targeted organ (e...
2017: F1000Research
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