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Epidemiology lupus

Kaleb Michaud
The National Data Bank for Rheumatic Diseases (NDB) is a longitudinal observational patient-driven database, founded as a non-profit research organization in 1998 by Dr. Frederick Wolfe. Patients are sent a primary questionnaire twice a year. More than 50,000 patients with more than 100 various rheumatic diseases under the care of more than 1,500 rheumatologists have completed at least one 6-month questionnaire. Many important publications concerning rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, fibromyalgia, and pharmaco-epidemiology have resulted from NDB research...
September 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Juliana Lasmar Ayres do Amaral, Marizeli Viana de Aragão Araújo, George Alberto da Silva Dias, Esther Iris Christina Freifrau von Ledebur, Juarez Antonio Simões Quaresma, Hellen Thais Fuzii
Cervical cancer, the second most common cancer affecting women in Northern Brazil, is strongly associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. Diseases affecting the immune state of a patient, including autoimmune diseases like systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), can lead to persistent HPV infection and cancer. We evaluated cervical HPV prevalence and the associated risk factors in 70 women with SLE in the city of Belém, located in Brazilian Amazon. HPV DNA was detected by PCR using primers MY9 and MY11...
August 17, 2016: Acta Reumatológica Portuguesa
Ana Luiza M Amorim, Nadia C Cabral, Fabiane M Osaku, Claudio A Len, Enedina M L Oliveira, Maria Teresa Terreri
INTRODUCTION: Multiple sclerosis (MS) and neuromyelitis optica (NMO) are demyelinating diseases of the central nervous system. Autoimmunity in patients with demyelinating disease and in their families has been broadly investigated and discussed. Recent studies show a higher incidence of rheumatic autoimmune diseases among adult patients with MS or NMO and their families, but there are no studies in the pediatric population. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate an association of MS and NMO with autoimmune rheumatic diseases in pediatric patients...
September 28, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
Sharon L Kolasinski, Andrew S Chi, Angel J Lopez-Garib
Systemic rheumatic diseases frequently pose diagnostic challenges to the clinician. The precise nature of the disorder can be obscure and different disorders can present with similar symptoms, such as joint pain. Plain radiographs provide an appropriate starting point for detection of joint abnormalities. Musculoskeletal ultrasound and MRI offer greater sensitivity in detecting synovitis, tenosynovitis and bony erosions, among other features. However, due to the rarity of these diseases and lack of prospective longitudinal trials, a broader picture of the epidemiology of these findings and their implications for treatment and outcomes remains to be determined...
November 2016: Rheumatic Diseases Clinics of North America
Weiping Hu, Senchao Wu, Yanlin Zhang, Keshav Raj Sigdel, Yong Lin, Hongbin Zhong
Family aggregation was observed among systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) cases, suggesting the genetic factor may contribute to the susceptibility. Toll-like receptors (TLR) play key role in human immune system; in order to gain better insight on the association between TLR4 polymorphisms and SLE risk, a meta-analysis was conducted. In total 4 case-control studies have been included, involving 503 SLE cases and 636 healthy controls. The association between TLR4 polymorphisms and SLE risk was evaluated by calculating pooled odd ratio (OR) and its 95% confidential interval (CI)...
2016: BioMed Research International
Cécile M Yelnik, Elizabeth Kozora, Simone Appenzeller
Cognitive disorders have frequently been described in the field of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Nevertheless, the relationship between those disorders and antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) remains unclear and seems to involve various mechanisms. Overlap with systemic lupus erythematosus, the small sample size of studies, and discrepancies in antiphospholipid antibodies and cognitive impairment determinations complicate analyses of the literature data. In this paper, we summarize current knowledge on epidemiologic, clinical data, imaging findings and treatment of cognitive dysfunction associated with aPL...
September 15, 2016: Autoimmunity Reviews
Arnald Alonso, Antonio Julià, Maria Vinaixa, Eugeni Domènech, Antonio Fernández-Nebro, Juan D Cañete, Carlos Ferrándiz, Jesús Tornero, Javier P Gisbert, Pilar Nos, Ana Gutiérrez Casbas, Lluís Puig, Isidoro González-Álvaro, José A Pinto-Tasende, Ricardo Blanco, Miguel A Rodríguez, Antoni Beltran, Xavier Correig, Sara Marsal
BACKGROUND: Immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMIDs) are a group of complex and prevalent diseases where disease diagnostic and activity monitoring is highly challenging. The determination of the metabolite profiles of biological samples is becoming a powerful approach to identify new biomarkers of clinical utility. In order to identify new metabolite biomarkers of diagnosis and disease activity, we have performed the first large-scale profiling of the urine metabolome of the six most prevalent IMIDs: rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, psoriasis, systemic lupus erythematosus, Crohn's disease, and ulcerative colitis...
2016: BMC Medicine
Wenjie Fang, Min Chen, Jia Liu, Ferry Hagen, Abdullah Ms, Al-Hatmi, Peilian Zhang, Yun Guo, Teun Boekhout, Danqi Deng, Jianping Xu, Weihua Pan, Wanqing Liao
Cryptococcal meningitis is an important fungal infection among systemic lupus erythematosus patients. We conducted a pooled analysis and systematic review to describe the epidemiological and clinical profile of cryptococcal meningitis in systemic lupus erythematosus patients. From two hospitals in China and nine literature databases, cases and prevalence data were collected for pooled analysis and meta-analysis, respectively. Categorical variables of cases were compared using a χ(2)-test on the statistical program of SAS...
2016: Emerging Microbes & Infections
Patompong Ungprasert, Matthew J Koster, Kenneth J Warrington, Eric L Matteson
Several chronic inflammatory disorders, such as rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus, are associated with an increased risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) as a result of accelerated atherosclerosis. However, the data on CAD risk of polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR), one of the most common chronic inflammatory disorders in older adults, remain unclear due to limited number of epidemiological studies. To further investigate this possible association, this systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies was performed to compare the risk of CAD in patients with PMR versus subjects without it...
August 30, 2016: Rheumatology International
Marion Delcroix, Kim Kerr, Peter Fedullo
Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is a rare complication of pulmonary embolism. As for most rare diseases, epidemiologic data are scarce, but recent registries suggest an incidence of at least 5 per million inhabitants per year. A history of massive or recurrent acute pulmonary embolism is observed in most patients with CTEPH, but the proportion of patients who develop CTEPH after acute pulmonary embolism is a matter of debate, further complicated by the possible misdiagnosis of CTEPH as acute pulmonary embolism...
July 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Rona Dagan, Roxana Cleper, Miriam Davidovits, Levana Sinai-Trieman, Irit Krause
BACKGROUND: The incidence of post-infectious glomerulonephritis (PIGN) has decreased over the last decades. As a result, recent epidemiological data from industrialized countries are scarce. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate patterns of PIGN in children and detect possible predictors of disease severity. METHODS: We collected clinical and laboratory data of patients with PIGN admitted to Schneider Children's Medical Center during 1994-2011. Diagnostic criteria included presence of hematuria with/without other features of nephritic syndrome along with hypocomplementemia and/or microbiological/serological evidence of streptococcal infection...
June 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
S Tiosano, A Farhi, A Watad, N Grysman, R Stryjer, H Amital, D Comaneshter, A D Cohen, D Amital
AIMS: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a prototypic autoimmune disease involving multiple organs, including the central nervous system. Evidence of immune dysfunction exists also in schizophrenia, a psychiatric illness involving chronic or recurrent psychosis. The aim of our study was to investigate if there is an epidemiological association between SLE and schizophrenia. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted comparing patients with SLE with age and gender-matched controls regarding the proportion of patients with comorbid schizophrenia...
July 26, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
Sujani Yadlapati, Petros Efthimiou
Specific autoimmune and inflammatory rheumatic diseases have been associated with an increased risk of malignant lymphomas. Conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), dermatomyositis, and celiac disease have been consistently linked to malignant lymphomas. Isolated cases of lymphomas associated with spondyloarthropathies and autoinflammatory diseases have also been reported. Direct association between autoimmunity and lymphomagenesis has been reinforced by large epidemiological studies...
2016: BioMed Research International
Medha Barbhaiya, Karen H Costenbader
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review examines evidence relating environmental factors to the development of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). RECENT FINDINGS: The strongest epidemiologic evidence exists for the associations of silica, cigarette smoking, oral contraceptives, postmenopausal hormone therapy and endometriosis, with SLE incidence. Recent studies have also provided robust evidence of the association between alcohol consumption and decreased SLE risk. There are preliminary, conflicting or unsubstantiated data that other factors, including air pollution, ultraviolet light, infections, vaccinations, solvents, pesticides and heavy metals such as mercury, are related to SLE risk...
September 2016: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
Mohammad Hassan A Noureldine, Ali A Haydar, Ahmad Berjawi, Rody Elnawar, Ahmad Sweid, Munther A Khamashta, Graham R V Hughes, Imad Uthman
Headaches have been extensively reported in Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS)/Antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL)-positive patients. The aim of this study was to highlight the prevalence of headaches among APS/aPL-positive patients and discuss its association with laboratory, clinical and imaging findings. We searched the literature through Google Scholar and PubMed for publications on the epidemiology, pathogenesis, laboratory, imaging and clinical findings, and management of headaches in APS/aPL-positive patients...
July 16, 2016: Immunologic Research
David A Geier, Mark R Geier
Gardasil is a quadrivalent human papillomavirus (HPV4) vaccine that was approved for use by the US Food and Drug Administration in June 2006. HPV4 vaccine is routinely recommended for administration to women in the USA who are 11-12 years old by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices. Previous studies suggest HPV4 vaccine administration was associated with autoimmune diseases. As a consequence, an epidemiological assessment of the vaccine adverse event reporting system database was undertaken for adverse event reports associated with vaccines administered from 2006 to 2014 to 6-39 year-old recipients with a listed US residence and a specified female gender...
July 13, 2016: Immunologic Research
P Ungprasert, V Sagar, C S Crowson, S Amin, A Makol, F C Ernste, T G Osborn, K G Moder, T B Niewold, H Maradit-Kremers, R Ramsey-Goldman, V R Chowdhary
In 2012, the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC) group published a new set of classification criteria for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Studies applying these criteria to real-life scenarios have found either equal or greater sensitivity and equal or lower specificity to the 1997 ACR classification criteria (ACR 97). Nonetheless, there are no studies that have used the SLICC 12 criteria to investigate the incidence of lupus. We used the resource of the Rochester Epidemiology Project to identify incident SLE patients in Olmsted County, Minnesota, from 1993 to 2005, who fulfilled the ACR 97 or SLICC 12 criteria...
June 30, 2016: Lupus
Paul J Hoover, Karen H Costenbader
Lupus nephritis is a common and severe manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus that disproportionately affects nonwhites and those in lower socioeconomic groups. This review discusses recent data on the incidence, prevalence, and outcomes of patients with lupus nephritis with a focus on low-income US Medicaid patients. We also review recent guidelines on diagnosis, treatment, and screening for new onset and relapses of lupus nephritis. Finally, we discuss the management of lupus nephritis from a rheumatologist's perspective, including vigilance for the common adverse events related to disease and treatment, and we review prevention and new treatment strategies...
September 2016: Kidney International
Julie Couture, Earl D Silverman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article will provide an update of studies published in the last year regarding epidemiology, pathogenesis, major disease manifestations and outcomes, and therapies in childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (cSLE). RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies on cSLE epidemiology supported previous findings that cSLE patients have more severe disease and tend to accumulate damage rapidly. Lupus nephritis remains frequent and is still a significant cause of morbidity and mortality...
September 2016: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
Mohammad Ali Nazarinia, Elmira Esmaeilzadeh, Yasaman Emami, Alireza Salehi
OBJECTIVES: Conducting an epidemiologic study on scleroderma patients referred to hospitals and tertiary centres of rheumatologic diseases in Shiraz, located in south of Iran. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done on patients' records registered in scleroderma outpatient clinics as well as hospitals associated with Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. Gathering data in pre-formed data sheets, descriptive analysis plus qualitative comparisons by chi-square test were done using SPSS 15...
June 15, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
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