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Yoshifumi Noda, Satoshi Goshima, Kimihiro Kajita, Hiroshi Kawada, Nobuyuki Kawai, Hiromi Koyasu, Masayuki Matsuo, Kyongtae T Bae
PURPOSE: To evaluate the association between gadoxetic-acid-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging measurements and laboratory and clinical biomarkers of liver function and fibrosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred thirty nine consecutive patients with suspected liver disease or liver tumor underwent gadoxetic-acid-enhanced MR imaging. MR imaging measurements during the hepatobiliary phase included biliary tract structure-to-muscle signal intensity ratio (SIR)...
November 2016: European Journal of Radiology
I-Ting Tsai, Chao-Ping Wang, Teng-Hung Yu, Yung-Chuan Lu, Chih-Wen Lin, Li-Fen Lu, Cheng-Ching Wu, Fu-Mei Chung, Yau-Jiunn Lee, Wei-Chin Hung, Chia-Chang Hsu
Adipocytokines play an important role in adipose tissue homeostasis, especially in obesity-associated disorders such as non-alcoholic fatty liver and their complications including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Although visfatin is an adipocytokine highly expressed in visceral fat that has been demonstrated to play a critical role in the progression of human malignancies, little is known about the role of visfatin in HCC associated with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection...
October 19, 2016: Cytokine
Lamiaa Mobarak, Dalia Omran, Mohammed M Nabeel, Zeinab Zakaria
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIM: It is well known that hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) develops as a consequence of hepatic fibrosis progression. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the inflammatory and fibrosis markers as predictors for HCC development among patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) related chronic liver disease to help in early diagnosis and management of HCC. METHODS: A total of 280 patients with chronic liver disease were included in this retrospective study, out of them 140 had liver cirrhosis with HCC and 140 had cirrhosis without HCC...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
Kojiro Seki, Toshihide Shima, Hirohisa Oya, Yasuhide Mitsumoto, Masayuki Mizuno, Takeshi Okanoue
AIM: Transient elastography (TE) is a noninvasive method for predicting liver fibrosis. However, there is limited data regarding the performance of TE in Japanese patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We aimed to evaluate the association between liver stiffness measurement (LSM) by TE and liver fibrosis stage, and define a cut-off value for predicting liver fibrosis. METHODS: A total of 171 Japanese patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD underwent LSM using TE with FibroScan®...
October 18, 2016: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
Peter Witters, Dominic Hughes, Palaniswamy Karthikeyan, Somashekara Ramakrishna, Mark Davenport, Anil Dhawan, Tassos Grammatikopoulos
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Variceal haemorrhage can be a life-threatening complication of chronic liver disease in children. There is limited evidence about the optimal prophylactic management and selection criteria of children who will benefit from upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. METHODS: Children presenting in our centre with suspected portal hypertension or gastrointestinal bleeding and undergoing their first oesophagogastroduodenoscopy between 2005-2012 were included...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Sunil V Pawar, Vinay G Zanwar, Ajay S Choksey, Ashok R Mohite, Samit S Jain, Ravindra G Surude, Qais Q Contractor, Pravin M Rathi, Ravi U Verma, Premlata K Varthakavi
:  Background and rationale. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of pediatric liver disease in western countries. Its prevalence in Indian subcontinent is not well studied. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a school based cross sectional study we have screened overweight and obese children in the age group of 11 to 15 years for NAFLD. Ultrasonography, elevated serum transaminases, fibroscan were used for defining NAFLD. Dietary habits, blood pressure, serum lipid profile, blood counts and insulin resistance were recorded...
November 2016: Annals of Hepatology
Kevin Appourchaux, Safi Dokmak, Matthieu Resche-Rigon, Xavier Treton, Martine Lapalus, Charles-Henry Gattolliat, Emmanuelle Porchet, Michelle Martinot-Peignoux, Nathalie Boyer, Michel Vidaud, Pierre Bedossa, Patrick Marcellin, Ivan Bièche, Emilie Estrabaud, Tarik Asselah
Staging fibrosis is crucial for the prognosis and to determine the rapid need of treatment in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and C (CHC). The expression of 13 fibrosis-related microRNAs (miRNAs) (miR-20a, miR-21, miR-27a, miR-27b, miR-29a, miR-29c, miR-92a, miR-122, miR-146a, miR-155, miR-221, miR-222, and miR-224) was analyzed in 194 serums and 177 liver biopsies of patients with either CHB or CHC to develop models to diagnose advanced fibrosis and cirrhosis (Metavir F3-F4). In CHB patients, the model (serum miR-122, serum miR-222, platelet count and alkaline phosphatase) was more accurate than APRI and FIB-4 to discriminate in between mild and moderate fibrosis (F1-F2) and F3-F4 (AUC of CHB model: 0...
October 12, 2016: Scientific Reports
Adrià Ramírez-Mena, Tracy R Glass, Annja Winter, Namvua Kimera, Alex Ntamatungiro, Christoph Hatz, Marcel Tanner, Manuel Battegay, Hansjakob Furrer, Gilles Wandeler, Emilio Letang
Background.  We evaluated the prevalence of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and liver fibrosis/cirrhosis in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals enrolled in a rural Tanzanian prospective cohort and assessed hepatic fibrosis progression 12-24 months after antiretroviral treatment (ART) initiation. Methods.  All ART-naive HIV-infected adults ≥15-year-old enrolled in the Kilombero and Ulanga Antiretroviral Cohort who started ART between 2005 and 2015 were included. Pre-ART factors associated with significant liver fibrosis (aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index [APRI] >1...
September 2016: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Javier A Cepeda, Sunil S Solomon, Aylur K Srikrishnan, Paneerselvam Nandagopal, Pachamuthu Balakrishnan, Muniratnam S Kumar, David L Thomas, Mark S Sulkowski, Shruti H Mehta
Background.  Access to hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment is limited in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Noninvasive biomarkers, such as fibrosis 4 (FIB-4) and aminotransferase to platelet ratio index (APRI), are low-cost alternatives to staging liver disease and identifying treatment need in people with chronic HCV infection, but their accuracy has not been evaluated in LMICs. Methods.  We tested the accuracy of FIB-4 and APRI at validated cutoffs (FIB-4 <1.45, >3.25; APRI <0.5, >1...
September 2016: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Jacqueline A Bachofner, Piero V Valli, Arne Kröger, Irina Bergamin, Patrizia Künzler, Adriana Baserga, Dominique Braun, Burkhardt Seifert, Anja Moncsek, Jan Fehr, David Semela, Lorenzo Magenta, Beat Müllhaupt, Benedetta Terziroli Beretta-Piccoli, Joachim C Mertens
BACKGROUND: Novel direct antiviral agents (DAA) targeting hepatitis C virus (HCV) have revolutionized the treatment of chronic hepatitis C infection (CHC). Rates of sustained virological response (SVR) to treatment have drastically improved since introduction of DAA. Transient Elastography (TE) is an ultrasound based, non-invasive technique to assess liver stiffness (LS). We examined the changes in TE values and fibrosis scores FIB-4 and APRI after DAA treatment of CHC. METHODS: 549 patients who received a DAA based treatment for CHC were screened and 392 were included...
September 28, 2016: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
Omar Ramos-Lopez, Sonia Roman, Erika Martinez-Lopez, Nora A Fierro, Karina Gonzalez-Aldaco, Alexis Jose-Abrego, Arturo Panduro
AIM: To analyze the association of the CD36 polymorphism (rs1761667) with dietary intake and liver fibrosis (LF) in chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients. METHODS: In this study, 73 patients with CHC were recruited. The CD36 genotype (G > A) was determined by a TaqMan real-time PCR system. Dietary assessment was carried out using a three-day food record to register the daily intake of macronutrients. Serum lipids and liver enzymes were measured by a dry chemistry assay...
September 8, 2016: World Journal of Hepatology
Serena Pelusi, Salvatore Petta, Chiara Rosso, Vittorio Borroni, Anna Ludovica Fracanzani, Paola Dongiovanni, Antonio Craxi, Elisabetta Bugianesi, Silvia Fargion, Luca Valenti
BACKGROUND: The clinical determinants of fibrosis progression in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are still under definition. AIM: To assess the clinical determinants of fibrosis progression rate (FPR) in NAFLD patients with baseline and follow-up histological evaluation, with a special focus on the impact of pharmacological therapy. METHODS: In an observational cohort of 118 Italian patients from tertiary referral centers, liver histology was evaluated according to Kleiner...
2016: PloS One
Hatem Elalfy, Walid Elsherbiny, Ashraf Abdel Rahman, Dina Elhammady, Shaker Wagih Shaltout, Ayman Z Elsamanoudy, Bassem El Deek
AIM: To build a diagnostic non-invasive model for screening of large varices in cirrhotic hepatitis C virus (HCV) patients. METHODS: This study was conducted on 124 post-HCV cirrhotic patients presenting to the clinics of the Endemic Medicine Department at Mansoura University Hospital for evaluation before HCV antiviral therapy: 78 were Child A and 46 were Child B (score ≤ 8). Inclusion criteria for patients enrolled in this study was presence of cirrhotic HCV (diagnosed by either biopsy or fulfillment of clinical basis)...
August 28, 2016: World Journal of Hepatology
Hind I Fallatah, Hisham O Akbar, Alyaa M Fallatah
BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is being increasingly recognized as a cause of chronic liver disease. It has also been associated with devastating outcomes such as decompensated liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, as well as diabetes and metabolic syndrome. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted in order to assess liver fibrosis using Fibroscan, and to compare these results to the use of Fibrosis-4 (FIB-4) scores, AST platelet ratio index (APRI scores), and the AST/ALT ratios on NAFLD patients...
July 2016: Hepatitis Monthly
Sheng-Sen Chen, Kang-Kang Yu, Qing-Xia Ling, Chong Huang, Ning Li, Jian-Ming Zheng, Su-Xia Bao, Qi Cheng, Meng-Qi Zhu, Ming-Quan Chen
We determined the association between various clinical parameters and significant liver necroinflammation in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) related cirrhosis. Two hundred patients with CHB related cirrhosis were recruited in the final analysis. Clinical laboratory values and characteristics were obtained from the medical record. We performed analyses of the relationships between independent variables and significant liver necroinflammation by using binary logistic regression analysis and discriminant analysis...
2016: Scientific Reports
Yongqiong Deng, Hong Zhao, Jiyuan Zhou, Linlin Yan, Guiqiang Wang
PURPOSE: To investigate the association between serum complement 5a (C5a) concentration and liver fibrosis and cirrhosis in a large cohort of patients chronically infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV). METHODS: Five hundred and eight patients with chronic HBV infection undergoing liver biopsy were included. Serum concentrations of C5a was measured by Luminex screening system. Ishak histological system was obtained. RESULTS: C5a levels were negatively associated with liver fibrosis stages and significantly declined in patients with severe fibrosis and cirrhosis (P < 0...
September 7, 2016: Infection
Guangqin Xiao, Feng Zhu, Min Wang, Hang Zhang, Dawei Ye, Jiayin Yang, Li Jiang, Chang Liu, Lunan Yan, Renyi Qin
BACKGROUND: Aspartate aminotransferase to platelet ratio index (APRI) and the fibrosis index based on four factors (FIB-4) are the two most focused non-invasive models to assess liver fibrosis. AIMS: We aimed to examine the validity of these two models for predicting hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related liver fibrosis accompanied with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: We enrolled HBV-infected patients with liver cancer who had received hepatectomy...
October 2016: Digestive and Liver Disease
Gilles Wandeler, Lloyd Mulenga, Michael J Vinikoor, Helen Kovari, Manuel Battegay, Alexandra Calmy, Matthias Cavassini, Enos Bernasconi, Patrick Schmid, Carolyn Bolton-Moore, Edford Sinkala, Benjamin H Chi, Matthias Egger, Andri Rauch
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and liver fibrosis in HIV-infected patients in Zambia and Switzerland. METHODS: HIV-infected adults starting antiretroviral therapy in two clinics in Zambia and Switzerland were included. Liver fibrosis was evaluated using the aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet-ratio index (APRI), with a ratio >1.5 defining significant fibrosis and a ratio >2.0 indicating cirrhosis. The association between hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) positivity, HBV replication, and liver fibrosis was examined using logistic regression...
September 3, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Hidenori Toyoda, Toshifumi Tada, Yoshihiko Tachi, Takanori Hirai, Satoshi Yasuda, Takashi Honda, Kazuhiko Hayashi, Masatoshi Ishigami, Hidemi Goto, Takashi Kumada
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with chronic hepatitis C can develop after sustained virologic response (SVR) to antiviral therapy for hepatitis C virus (HCV), i.e., the eradication of HCV, and effective surveillance systems for HCC should be established for this population. We retrospectively evaluated the utility of three laboratory liver fibrosis indices (aspartate aminotransferase-platelet ratio index [APRI], FIB-4 index, and Forns index) for identifying patients at low risk of HCC development after SVR, for whom the termination of surveillance for HCC can be considered...
September 2, 2016: Antiviral Therapy
Li Yang, Ying Ding, Shengxiang Rao, Caizhong Chen, Lifang Wu, Ruofan Sheng, Caixia Fu, Mengsu Zeng
PURPOSE: To assess the accuracy of the T1 relaxation time index on gadoxetic acid-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for staging liver fibrosis in chronic hepatitis B (CHB), in comparison and combination with the aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index (APRI) and fibrosis-4 (FIB-4). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of gadoxetic acid-enhanced T1 mapping and serum biochemical tests was performed on 126 CHB patients who underwent gadoxetic acid-enhanced 1...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
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