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depression or low birth weight

J-L Li, R Li, Y Gao, W-C Guo, P-X Shi, M Li
OBJECTIVE: Preeclampsia is one of the leading causes of maternal and perinatal deaths. This study mainly explored the mechanism of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) CCAT1 expression in the placenta of preeclampsia patients and its effect on the progression of preeclampsia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used quantitative reverse transcription PCR (qRT‑PCR) to detect the lncRNA CCAT1 expression in 40 preeclampsia and 40 normal pregnancy placenta samples. CCAT1 expression and its relationship with the clinicopathological parameters of preeclampsia was statistically analyzed...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Shawna J Lee, Diana T Sanchez, Andrew Grogan-Kaylor, Joyce Y Lee, Analia Albuja
Objective To examine the association of father early engagement behaviors and infant low birth weight (LBW) among unmarried, urban couples. Methods Participants were from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, a birth-cohort study of urban families. We conducted cross-sectional analyses of data from interviews with unmarried mothers and fathers (N = 2726) that took place at the time of their child's birth. Early engagement behaviors were based on fathers' self-report of whether during the pregnancy they gave mothers money to buy things for the baby, helped in other ways like providing transportation to prenatal clinics, and attended the birth...
March 21, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Hannes Sallmon, Sven C Weber, Juliane Dirks, Tamara Schiffer, Tamara Klippstein, Anja Stein, Ursula Felderhoff-Müser, Boris Metze, Georg Hansmann, Christoph Bührer, Malte Cremer, Petra Koehne
Background: The role of platelets for mediating closure of the ductus arteriosus in human preterm infants is controversial. Especially, the effect of low platelet counts on pharmacological treatment failure is still unclear. Methods: In this retrospective study of 471 preterm infants [<1,500 g birth weight (BW)], who were treated for a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) with indomethacin or ibuprofen, we investigated whether platelet counts before or during pharmacological treatment had an impact on the successful closure of a hemodynamically significant PDA...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Ravishankar Suryanarayana, Muninarayana Chandrappa, Anil Navale Santhuram, S Prathima, S R Sheela
Background: Anemia is one of the most common nutritional deficiency disorders affecting the pregnant women in the developing countries. Anemia during pregnancy is commonly associated with poor pregnancy outcome and can result in complications that threaten the life of both mother and fetus. Objective: The objective of the study was to estimate the prevalence of anemia among pregnant women and to determine its association with maternal and fetal outcomes. Settings and Design: This study design was a prospective, observational, community-based study...
October 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Ashish A Ahuja, Yerahaia C V Reddy, Olukorede O Adenuga, Dheeraj Kewlani, Meenakshi Ravindran, Rengappa Ramakrishnan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence, severity, and associated risk factors of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in a district in South India. METHODS: This was a prospective, observational, cohort study involving babies at risk of ROP conducted in five Neonatal Intensive Care Units in a district in Tamil Nadu, South India. All babies with gestational age at birth of ≤36 weeks and a birth weight (BW) of ≤1900 g with a follow-up period of at least 6 months were enrolled for the study...
January 2018: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
R A Shanmugha Priya, R Krishnamoorthy, Vinod Kumar Panicker, Binu Ninan
BACKGROUND: Lack of recent studies focusing on indications, pattern, and benefits of transfusions in low birth weight (B.Wt) and low gestational age (GA) preterm neonates prompted us to undertake this study. AIM: To estimate the transfusion requirements and outcomes in preterm neonates <1500 g and/or <32 weeks. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study conducted over a period of 2 years in a tertiary care center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted with 101 preterm neonates <1500 g and/or <32 weeks who received blood transfusions in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit...
January 2018: Asian Journal of Transfusion Science
Junko Hirooka-Nakama, Kimiko Enomoto, Kentaro Sakamaki, Kentaro Kurasawa, Etsuko Miyagi, Shigeru Aoki
We aimed to determine the optimal gestational weight gain (GWG) in Japanese women with a Body Mass Index (BMI) ≥25 kg/m2 . The present retrospective study investigated singleton pregnancies in 6,781 Japanese women registered in the Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology system in 2013. We divided overweight and obese women into four GWG categories based on the Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommended: weight loss, small weight gain, within IOM criteria, and above IOM criteria. The adjusted odds ratios and predicted probabilities of maternal and neonatal outcomes of interest with weight change were calculated...
March 20, 2018: Endocrine Journal
Tomas Matejek, Martina Navratilova, Lenka Zaloudkova, Jana Malakova, Jan Maly, Sylva Skalova, Vladimir Palicka
PURPOSE: The aim of this pilot study was to estimate physiological parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels and their relationship with bone metabolism parameters in otherwise healthy preterm newborns with birth weight 1000-1500 g. METHODS: PTH, 25(OH)D, S-Ca, S-P, and ALP were analysed from blood samples obtained from 20 preterm infants once a week up to the 36th gestational week. RESULTS: Of the total 134 examined serum samples for PTH levels, the estimated range was 1...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Kingsley E Agho, Osita K Ezeh, Felix A Ogbo, Anthony I Enoma, Camille Raynes-Greenow
Background: Antenatal care (ANC) is an essential intervention to improve maternal and child health. In Nigeria, no population-based studies have investigated predictors of poor receipt of components and uptake of ANC at the national level to inform targeted maternal health initiatives. This study aimed to examine factors associated with inadequate receipt of components and use of ANC in Nigeria. Methods: The study used information on 20 405 singleton live-born infants of the mothers from the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey...
March 19, 2018: International Health
Valentina Cardiello, Enrico Zecca, Mirta Corsello, Teresa Pianini, Francesca Serrao, Simonetta Costa, Francesco Cota
BACKGROUND: Hypernatremic dehydration is a complication of preterm infants with reportedly high morbility. In preterm infants, this happens due to a combination of low fluid intake, transepidermal water loss (TEWL), and immaturity of kidney function. Semipermeable membranes are self-adhesive membranes that can be applied as an artificial skin to reduce TEWL. AIMS: To test the hypothesis that early application of a semipermeable membrane (Tegaderm™) in preterm infants ≤30 weeks could result in a significant reduction of hypernatremia (serum Na > 145 mEq/l) during the first 15 days of life...
March 18, 2018: Early Human Development
Maria Jose Escalante, Jose Maria Ceriani-Cernadas, Ivonne D'Apremont, Aldo Bancalari, Veronica Webb, Larisa Genes, Luis Villarroel, Elizabeth Munoz, Jose L Tapia
OBJECTIVE: The main aim is to determine the incidence and associated factors of late onset sepsis (LOS) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants (500-1500 g), from the NEOCOSUR Network during years 2001-2013. Secondary objectives are to describe the microbiology of the first and second episode of LOS and to study the association between catheter dwell time and LOS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Demographic information and outcome data are prospectively and routinely collected across the Network using predefined diagnostic criteria and online data entry...
March 14, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Raquel González, Clara Pons-Duran, Mireia Piqueras, John J Aponte, Feiko O Ter Kuile, Clara Menéndez
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization recommends intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy (IPTp) with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine for malaria for all women who live in moderate to high malaria transmission areas in Africa. However, parasite resistance to sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine has been increasing steadily in some areas of the region. Moreover, HIV-infected women on cotrimoxazole prophylaxis cannot receive sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine because of potential drug interactions. Thus, there is an urgent need to identify alternative drugs for prevention of malaria in pregnancy...
March 21, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Junichi Sugawara, Noriyuki Iwama, Tetsuro Hoshiai, Hideki Tokunaga, Hidekazu Nishigori, Hirohito Metoki, Kunihiro Okamura, Nobuo Yaegashi
OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed to analyze post-disaster birth outcomes in coastal and inland regions of Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. METHODS: Primary data sets were compiled from birth records of obstetric facilities and 12,808 patients were analyzed for baseline birth outcomes by region. Regional risk analysis of the low-birth-weight rate and premature birth rate were conducted using multi-level logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: From overall baseline birth outcomes, a preterm birth rate was 4...
March 21, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
M Vázquez-Gómez, C García-Contreras, L Torres-Rovira, S Astiz, C Óvilo, A González-Bulnes, B Isabel
Background: The aim of this study was to determine how maternal undernutrition during pregnancy and offspring birth-weight can affect the postnatal development of offspring under farm conditions, which may lead to consequences in its meat and carcass quality. The current study involved a total of 80 litters from Iberian sows fed a diet fulfilling daily requirements ( n  = 47; control) or providing 70% daily requirements ( n  = 33; underfed) from d 38 to d 90 of gestation when fetal tissue development begins...
2018: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
Enju Liu, Laura Pimpin, Masha Shulkin, Sarah Kranz, Christopher P Duggan, Dariush Mozaffarian, Wafaie W Fawzi
(1) Background: The effects of zinc supplementation on child growth, and prior reviews of these studies, have shown mixed results. We aim to systematically review and meta-analyze randomized controlled trials evaluating effects of preventive zinc supplementation for 3 months or longer during pregnancy or in children up to age 5 years on pregnancy outcomes and child growth; (2) Methods: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and trial registries for eligible trials up to October 10, 2017...
March 20, 2018: Nutrients
Hala Abdelaal, Mohamed A Mohamed, Hany Aly
Objectives To examine the risk of premature delivery (PD) and small for gestational age (SGA) among pregnant teens with depressive disorders (DD), and the impact of race/ethnicity on these birth outcomes. Design/Methods We examined the hospital discharge records of pregnant mothers between the age of 13-18 year old who gave birth in the years 1994, 2000, 2006, and 2012 in the National Inpatient Sample database. We calculated the risk for PD and SGA among pregnant teens with and without DD in the overall population and within each race/ethnicity...
March 20, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Candice Bjornson, Parco Chan, Abby Li, Bosco Paes, Krista L Lanctôt, Ian Mitchell
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection in cystic fibrosis (CF) infants is associated with significant morbidities. This study's objective is to evaluate the effectiveness and adverse events related to palivizumab (PVZ) in CF infants. Data on respiratory-related illness (RIH) and RSV hospitalizations (RSVH) were collected retrospectively in CF infants aged < 2 years in Alberta, Canada, from 2000 to 2017. Logistic regression models were used to compare the odds of RSVH or RIH in PVZ infants from the Canadian registry of palivizumab (CARESS) versus untreated (UPVZ) infants from Alberta, after adjusting for potential confounders...
March 19, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Mark W H Hiew, Aubrey N Baird, Peter D Constable
OBJECTIVE To characterize signalment, clinical signs, reproductive history, surgical management, and outcomes of beef cattle undergoing cesarean section because of dystocia at a veterinary teaching hospital. DESIGN Retrospective case series with nested cohort study. ANIMALS 173 beef cattle admitted to a veterinary teaching hospital from 2001 through 2010 that underwent cesarean section because of dystocia. PROCEDURES Medical records were reviewed and information collected on cattle signalment; reproductive history; cause of dystocia; anesthetic protocol; surgical management; number, sex, and body weight of calves delivered (alive or dead); perioperative treatment; duration of hospitalization; and discharge status...
April 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Gayathri Priyadarshni Elangovan, Jananni Muthu, Indra Kumar Periyasamy, Pratebha Balu, R Saravana Kumar
Background: The differences in the oral health status between the individuals with a high socioeconomic status (SES) and those with a low SES had markedly increased. There is, however, minimal information available on women understanding the need of dental hygiene for overall health and whether pregnant women comply with the current oral health strategies. In Lieu with the above, the present study aims to assess the awareness, dental hygiene practices, and the frequency of dental visits during pregnancy in postnatal women who delivered preterm low birth weight babies of different SES in and around Puducherry...
November 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Claire Howarth, Jayanta Banerjee, Narendra Aladangady
The current evidence regarding the indication, advantages and risks of red blood cell transfusion (RBCT) for preterm infants is discussed. This is an important area in Neonatology to be examined given that 90% of extremely low birth weight infants receive RBCT and many controversies remain regarding when to transfuse and the risks of RBCT. The various treatment thresholds and guidelines used are presented and we compare the short-term clinical benefits of liberal and restrictive RBCT in preterm infants; the majority of these are equivocal and sadly long-term outcome data is limited...
March 16, 2018: Neonatology
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