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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226920/measurement-of-force-applied-by-infant-tongue-to-the-nipple-during-sucking-and-investigation-of-the-mechanism-of-tongue-movement
#1
Eri Nishi, Yuiko Nagamatsu, Takuya Niikawa, Eri Nishi, Yuiko Nagamatsu, Takuya Niikawa, Eri Nishi, Yuiko Nagamatsu, Takuya Niikawa
In order to clarify the dynamic mechanisms involved in sucking by infants, we developed an artificial nipple with built-in force sensors and have measured the contact force between the tongue and the artificial nipple in infants including healthy, premature and low birth weight. In this study, we measured the force applied by the tongue on the artificial nipple in 10 healthy infants and in 10 infants who were also tube-fed and investigated the differences in dynamic actions between the two groups to extract factors involved in satisfactory sucking...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226744/toward-a-severity-index-for-rop-an-unsupervised-approach
#2
Peng Tian, Esra Ataer-Cansizoglu, Jayashree Kalpathy-Cramer, Susan Ostmo, Karyn Jonas, R V Paul Chan, J Peter Campbell, Michael F Chiang, Deniz Erdogmus, Peng Tian, Esra Ataer-Cansizoglu, Jayashree Kalpathy-Cramer, Susan Ostmo, Karyn Jonas, R V Paul Chan, J Peter Campbell, Michael F Chiang, Deniz Erdogmus, Michael F Chiang, Esra Ataer-Cansizoglu, Peng Tian, Deniz Erdogmus, J Peter Campbell, Jayashree Kalpathy-Cramer, R V Paul Chan, Susan Ostmo, Karyn Jonas
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a disease affecting low birth-weight infants and is the major cause of childhood blindness. Although accurate diagnosis is important, there is a high variability among expert decisions mostly due to subjective thresholds. Existing work focused on automated diagnosis of ROP. In this study, we construct a continuous severity index as an alternative to discrete classification. We follow an unsupervised approach by performing nonlinear dimensionality reduction. Instead of extracting several statistics of image features, each image is represented by the probability distribution of its features...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225911/clean-air-matters-an-overview-of-traffic-related-air-pollution-and-pregnancy
#3
Anne Dorothée Slovic, Carmen Simone Diniz, Helena Ribeiro
The right to a healthy pregnancy and to giving birth in a safe environment is source of comprehensive research. Decent birth facilities, respect, and no discrimination are already recognized as fundamental rights, but an accurate look at the outdoor environment is required. Air pollution is a dangerous factor to pregnant women and newborns, many of whom highly exposed to traffic-related atmospheric pollutants in urban areas. Such exposure can lead to low birth weight and long-lasting effects, such as respiratory diseases and premature death...
February 16, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224426/nutritional-status-of-under-five-children-from-urban-low-income-families-in-xiangtan-and-jilin-in-china
#4
Yan-Fang Guo, Yin-Yan Gan, Chao-Nan Guo, Ju Sun, Li-Ping Hao
There have been many studies on the nutrition and the growth status of children from rural and remote western regions of China, whereas researches on children from urban low-income families are scarce. This study aimed to investigate the growth and nutritional status of children under five years of age from urban low-income families in China. There were 169 children aged 25-60 months recruited from Xiangtan and Jilin, two cities with a population of 2.81 million and 4.26 million respectively, in China in this cluster cross-sectional study...
February 2017: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224121/immunological-defects-in-neonatal-sepsis-and-potential-therapeutic-approaches
#5
REVIEW
Steven L Raymond, Julie A Stortz, Juan C Mira, Shawn D Larson, James L Wynn, Lyle L Moldawer
Despite advances in critical care medicine, neonatal sepsis remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, with the greatest risk affecting very low birth weight, preterm neonates. The presentation of neonatal sepsis varies markedly from its presentation in adults, and there is no clear consensus definition of neonatal sepsis. Previous work has demonstrated that when neonates become septic, death can occur rapidly over a matter of hours or days and is generally associated with inflammation, organ injury, and respiratory failure...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224094/cystic-meconium-peritonitis-with-jejunoileal-atresia-is-it-associated-with-unfavorable-outcome
#6
Kin Wai Edwin Chan, Kim Hung Lee, Hei Yi Vicky Wong, Siu Yan Bess Tsui, Yuen Shan Wong, Kit Yi Kristine Pang, Jennifer Wai Cheung Mou, Yuk Him Tam
AIM: To compare the outcome between patients with jejunoileal atresia (JIA) associated with cystic meconium peritonitis (CMP) and patients with isolated JIA (JIA without CMP). METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted for all neonates with JIA operated in our institute from January 2005 to January 2016. Demographics including the gestation age, sex, birth weight, age at operation, the presence of associated syndrome was recorded. Clinical outcome including the type of operation performed, operative time, the need for reoperation and mortality were studied...
February 8, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223371/socioeconomic-attainment-of-extremely-low-birth-weight-survivors-the-role-of-early-cognition
#7
Kathleen G Dobson, Mark A Ferro, Michael H Boyle, Louis A Schmidt, Saroj Saigal, Ryan J Van Lieshout
OBJECTIVES: To determine: (1) if childhood cognitive and academic abilities mediate the association between being born at extremely low birth weight (ELBW) and socioeconomic attainment at age 29 to 36 years; (2) which cognitive abilities (IQ, verbal abilities, fluid intelligence, mathematical abilities, or academic achievement) most strongly mediate this association; and (3) if the mediating role of cognition is different in ELBW survivors with significant neurosensory impairment (NSI)...
February 21, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222133/maternal-psychological-stress-induced-developmental-disability-neonatal-mortality-and-stillbirth-in-the-offspring-of-wistar-albino-rats
#8
Sakthivel Govindaraj, Annadurai Shanmuganathan, Ravindran Rajan
BACKGROUND: Stress is an inevitable part of life, and maternal stress during the gestational period has dramatic effects in the early programming of the physiology and behavior of offspring. The developmental period is crucial for the well-being of the offspring. Prenatal stress influences the developmental outcomes of the fetus, in part because the developing brain is particularly vulnerable to stress. The etiology of birth defects of the offspring is reported to be 30-40% genetic and 7-10% multifactorial, with the remaining 50% still unknown and also there is no clear cause for neonatal mortality and still-birth...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219933/akt-signalling-as-a-mediator-of-cardiac-adaptation-to-low-birth-weight
#9
Kimberley Cw Wang, Kimberley J Botting, Song Zhang, Caroline McMillen, Doug A Brooks, Janna L Morrison
Intrauterine insults, such as poor nutrition and placental insufficiency, can alter cardiomyocyte development and this can have significant long-term implications for heart health. Consequently, epidemiological studies have shown that low birth weight babies have an increased risk of death from cardiovascular disease in adult life. In addition, intrauterine growth restriction can result in increased left ventricular hypertrophy, which is the strongest predictor for poor health outcomes in cardiac patients. The mechanisms responsible for these associations are not clear, but a suboptimal intrauterine environment can program alternative expression of genes such as cardiac IGF-2/H19, IGF-2R and AT1R through either an increase or decrease in DNA methylation or histone acetylation at specific loci...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219626/maternal-depression-and-anxiety-and-fetal-neonatal-growth
#10
Tiago Miguel Pinto, Filipa Caldas, Cristina Nogueira-Silva, Bárbara Figueiredo
OBJECTIVE: Maternal depression and anxiety have been found to negatively affect fetal and neonatal growth. However, the independent effects of maternal depression and anxiety on fetal/neonatal growth outcomes and trajectories remain unclear. This study aimed to analyze simultaneously the effects of maternal prenatal depression and anxiety on (1) neonatal growth outcomes, and (2), on fetal/neonatal growth trajectories, from the 2nd trimester of pregnancy to childbirth. METHODS: A sample of 172 women was recruited and completed self-reported measures of depression and anxiety during the 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy, and at childbirth...
February 17, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219425/factors-associated-with-low-birth-weight-in-nepal-using-multiple-imputation
#11
Usha Singh, Attachai Ueranantasun, Metta Kuning
BACKGROUND: Survey data from low income countries on birth weight usually pose a persistent problem. The studies conducted on birth weight have acknowledged missing data on birth weight, but they are not included in the analysis. Furthermore, other missing data presented on determinants of birth weight are not addressed. Thus, this study tries to identify determinants that are associated with low birth weight (LBW) using multiple imputation to handle missing data on birth weight and its determinants...
February 20, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219157/-long-term-effect-of-iodine-deficiency-on-growth-and-food-utilization-rate-in-second-filial-generation-rats
#12
Ainiwaer Muyeseer, G X Zhang, J Wang, Y Liu, X H Meng, Q Liu
Objective: To study the effect of iodine deficiency on body weight, food consumption, and food utilization rate of second filial generation Wistar rats. Methods: According to the food pattern of a high-iodine deficient population, two types of low-iodine food have been produced using the main crops grown in this area (iodine levels of 50 and 20 μg/kg, respectively). Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups, normal iodine group (NI group), low-iodine group one (LI group) and low-iodine group two (LII group), using the random number table method and fed diets containing 300, 50, and 20 μg/kg of iodine, respectively...
February 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217860/maternal-dietary-intake-during-pregnancy-and-its-association-to-birth-size-in-rural-malawi-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Katrine G Hjertholm, Per Ole Iversen, Gerd Holmboe-Ottesen, Ibrahimu Mdala, Alister Munthali, Kenneth Maleta, Zumin Shi, Elaine Ferguson, Penjani Kamudoni
In low-resource settings, such as rural Malawi, pregnant women are prone to energy and micronutrient deficiencies with the consequence of delivering low-birth weight infants with higher risks of morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to examine the association between maternal dietary intakes during pregnancy and infant birth size. Dietary intakes of 203 pregnant women were assessed between 28 and 35 weeks of gestation and their infants' (n = 132) birth size measured. Intakes of energy, macronutrients, and 11 micronutrients were estimated using a 3-day interactive 24-hr diet recall...
February 19, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217832/gestational-protein-restriction-study-of-the-probable-effects-on-cardiac-muscle-structure-and-function-in-adult-rats
#14
Mona G Amer, Nader M Mohamed, Aly A M Shaalan
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) has been linked to heart disease in adulthood. This study aimed to examine the effect of gestational protein restriction during fetal and early postnatal life on the cardiac muscle structure and function in adult offspring. Pregnant female rats were randomly divided into two dietary groups: normal-protein diet (NP) and low-protein diet (LP). Fifteen male offspring from each group were included in the study. Offspring body weights were recorded at birth and monthly from weaning until 24 weeks of age while systolic blood pressure was measured weekly...
February 20, 2017: Histology and Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217259/phase-3-trial-of-first-generation-protease-inhibitor-therapy-for-hepatitis-c-virus-human-immunodeficiency-virus-coinfection
#15
Kenneth E Sherman, Minhee Kang, Richard Sterling, Triin Umbleja, Kristen Marks, Jennifer J Kiser, Beverly Alston-Smith, Wayne Greaves, Adeel A Butt, The Actg Birth Study Team
AIM: To evaluate efficacy/safety of hepatitis C virus (HCV) protease inhibitor boceprevir with pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) alfa and weight-based ribavirin (RBV) in a phase 3 trial. METHODS: A prospective, multicenter, phase 3, open-label, single-arm study of PEG-IFN alfa, weight-based RBV, and boceprevir, with a PEG-IFN/RBV lead-in phase was performed. The HCV/human immunodeficiency virus coinfected study population included treatment naïve (TN) and treatment experienced (TE) patients...
February 8, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216708/post-intubation-tension-pneumothorax-and-pneumoperitoneum-in-a-low-birth-weight-neonate-with-giant-epulis
#16
Tanvir Samra, Ranvinder Kaur, Lalitha Chaudhary, Kavita Meena
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216421/the-impacts-of-cord-blood-cotinine-and-glutathione-s-transferase-gene-polymorphisms-on-birth-outcome
#17
Kuan-Han Huang, An-Kuo Chou, Suh-Fang Jeng, Sharon Ng, Chia-Jung Hsieh, Mei-Huei Chen, Pau-Chung Chen, Wu-Shiun Hsieh
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the association between cord blood cotinine levels and birth outcome, and to determine whether fetal metabolic gene polymorphisms of glutathione-S-transferase (GST) modulate the effect of environmental tobacco smoke exposure during pregnancy. METHODS: This study included 328 maternal and neonatal pairs. Maternal and cord blood cotinine levels were measured using high performance liquid chromatography. The GST T1 (GSTT1) and GST M1 (GSTM1) polymorphisms were examined using the polymerase chain reaction method...
January 17, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215682/correlation-between-phenotype-genotype-and-antral-follicle-population-in-beef-heifers
#18
F Morotti, G M G Santos, C Koetz Júnior, K C Silva-Santos, V M Roso, M M Seneda
The present study was performed in indicus-taurus heifers 1) to determine if the antral follicle count (AFC) exhibits repeatability from puberty to yearling age and 2) to evaluate whether the phenotypic and genotypic parameters used in genetic improvement programs are correlated with AFC. In study I, Braford heifers (3/8 Nelore x 5/8 Hereford, n = 137) were serially examined by ultrasonography (with 60-day intervals) from weaning (9 ± 1 mo of age) to yearling ages (20 ± 1 mo of age) to monitor the numbers of antral follicles...
March 15, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214832/the-burden-of-respiratory-disease-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-changes-in-perinatal-care-and-outcomes-in-a-decade-in-spain
#19
Fermín García-Muñoz Rodrigo, Antonio Losada Martínez, María Dolores Elorza Fernández, Julio Moreno Hernando, Josep Figueras Aloy, Máximo Vento Torres
BACKGROUND: Advances in perinatal care have led to a significant reduction in morbidity and mortality among very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants. Much of this progress is related to the prevention and management of respiratory disease. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate changes in perinatal care and its influence on respiratory morbidity and mortality among VLBW infants in Spain in 2 consecutive periods (2002-2006 and 2007-2011). METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of data prospectively collected of all VLBW infants included in the Spanish SEN1500 network...
February 18, 2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213679/gastroschisis-in-monochorionic-male-twins
#20
Wenbo Yan, Yeming Wu, Zhixiang Wu, Yiming Gong, Chengren Shi, Jun Wang
We report a case of gastroschisis in male twins. Both twins were preterm and low birth weight, with intestinal malrotation; they were diagnosed by antenatal ultrasound at 20 weeks of gestation. Immediately after delivery, they underwent evaluation and early surgical one-stage repair under anesthesia. One of the twins was found to have duodenal perforation at laparotomy, at the horizontal part near Treitz ligament. Both twins stayed in hospital for 30 days and were in good health at discharge.
February 17, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
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