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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646808/traditional-uyghur-medicine-concepts-historical-perspective-and-modernization
#1
Adelijang Wusiman, Saifuding Abula, Mikeremu Shayibuzhati, Xiaoying Zhang
Context • Traditional Uyghur medicine (TUM) is rooted in ancient Uyghur medical theory that was developed with the combined essence of different traditional medicines, such as Han Chinese, Egyptian, ancient Greek, Arabian, Persian, and Indian medicines. Modern experimental methods and technologies for disease diagnoses have accelerated the modernization of Uyghur medicine. Objective • The research team intended to compile a comprehensive introduction to TUM and to determine the current state of research in the field to establish a basis for future modernization of Uygur medicine...
June 23, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646525/preliminary-characterization-of-putative-structural-cuticular-proteins-in-the-malaria-vector-anopheles-sinensis
#2
Dan Zhou, Baiyun Duan, Yan Sun, Lei Ma, Changliang Zhu, Bo Shen
BACKGROUND: The insect cuticle protects against environmental stresses such as insecticides, physical injury, dehydration and pathogenic microorganisms. Structural cuticular proteins (CPs) are the primary components, and are of interest for physiology-based pest management methods. Anopheles sinensis CPs are poorly characterised at present, therefore we performed whole genome sequence analysis and re-analysed available transcriptome data to identify potential insecticide resistance-associated CPs...
June 23, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646457/national-survey-among-radiation-oncology-residents-related-to-their-needs-in-geriatric-oncology
#3
Rachel Leifer, Bonnie Bristow, Martine Puts, Shabbir Alibhai, Xingshan Cao, Barbara-Ann Millar, Meredith Giuliani, Tina Hsu, Maureen Trudeau, Rajin Mehta, Ines Menjak, Mireille Norris, Barbara Liu, Francois Gallant, Ewa Szumacher
Currently, there is no formal curriculum addressing geriatric oncology within Canadian radiation oncology (RO) residency programs. Knowledge related to geriatric medicine may help radiation oncologists modify RT based on frailty status and geriatric considerations. Understanding specific learning needs allow program coordinators to align the current curriculum with residents' geriatric oncology learning needs. The purpose of this study is to determine the geriatric oncology educational needs of the Canadian RO residents and to inform Canadian RO residency training...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646423/updates-in-primary-hyperparathyroidism
#4
REVIEW
Guido Gasparri
This is a review of the latest papers on PHPT with the purpose of assessing the most recent evidence in the management of PHPT and to give updated recommendations for its evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment. I used my personal experience to collect papers that reinforce my ideas for the diagnosis and treatment of PHPT. Perhaps, in the near future, we will have more information about genetics, localization studies, surgical techniques, medical treatments, and statements that we have presented today will be obsolete...
June 23, 2017: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646217/why-do-physicians-lack-engagement-with-smoking-cessation-treatment-in-their-copd-patients-a-multinational-qualitative-study
#5
Eva Anne Marije van Eerd, Mette Bech Risør, Mark Spigt, Maciek Godycki-Cwirko, Elena Andreeva, Nick Francis, Anja Wollny, Hasse Melbye, Onno van Schayck, Daniel Kotz
Smoking cessation is the only effective intervention to slow down the accelerated decline in lung function in smokers with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Nevertheless, physicians often do not routinely provide evidence-based smoking cessation treatment to their patients. To understand underlying reasons, we explored how physicians engage in smoking cessation treatment in their chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients. In total, 21 focus group discussions were held with general practitioners and pulmonologists in seven different countries in Europe and Asia...
June 23, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646082/subcutaneous-magnesium-in-the-advanced-cancer-setting
#6
Stephen J Fenning, Steinunn R Boyce, Paul Wilson, Fran Stretton
Hypomagnesaemia can arise from a variety of causes but is particularly prevalent in cancer populations. This case report describes a patient with recurrent symptomatic hypomagnesaemia, on the background of advanced ovarian cancer and a high-output ileostomy, who was successfully managed on a daily continuous subcutaneous infusion of magnesium via a syringe pump. There is limited published information on the subcutaneous administration of magnesium and, to our knowledge, this is the first case to report its routine delivery over 24 hours in a syringe pump...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645968/development-of-a-meta-algorithm-for-guiding-primary-care-encounters-for-patients-with-multimorbidity-using-evidence-based-and-case-based-guideline-development-methodology
#7
Cathleen Muche-Borowski, Dagmar Lühmann, Ingmar Schäfer, Rebekka Mundt, Hans-Otto Wagner, Martin Scherer
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to develop a comprehensive algorithm (meta-algorithm) for primary care encounters of patients with multimorbidity. We used a novel, case-based and evidence-based procedure to overcome methodological difficulties in guideline development for patients with complex care needs. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic guideline development methodology including systematic evidence retrieval (guideline synopses), expert opinions and informal and formal consensus procedures...
June 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645640/communicating-to-promote-informed-decisions-in-the-context-of-early-pregnancy-loss
#8
Maria Brann, Jennifer J Bute
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate residents' ability to engage standardized patients in informed decision making during a pregnancy loss scenario. METHODS: Forty patient encounters between interns and standardized patients were coded to assess informed decision-making practices, exploration of unexpressed concerns, and support provision. RESULTS: Interns engaged in minimum informed decision making but did not address all of the communicative elements necessary for informed decisions, and most elements were only partially addressed...
June 17, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645487/equipping-the-22nd-century-historical-ecologist
#9
REVIEW
Scott A Morrison, T Scott Sillett, W Chris Funk, Cameron K Ghalambor, Torben C Rick
Historical ecology provides information needed to understand contemporary conditions and make science-based resource management decisions. Gaps in historical records, however, can limit inquiries and inference. Unfortunately, the patchiness of data that poses challenges for today's historical ecologist may be similarly problematic for those in the future seeking to understand what are currently present-day conditions and trends, in part because of societal underinvestment in systematic collection and curation...
June 20, 2017: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645053/assessment-of-imaging-in-flow-system-flowcam-for-systematic-ballast-water-management
#10
Leonardo Romero-Martínez, Cees van Slooten, Enrique Nebot, Asunción Acevedo-Merino, Louis Peperzak
Assessing the disinfection of ballast water and its compliance with international standards requires determining the size, viability, and concentration of planktonic organisms. The FlowCAM (Flow Cytometer and Microscope) is an Imaging Flow Cytometry designed to obtain the particle concentration, images, and quantitative morphologic information. The objective in this paper is to establish the basis for transforming the FlowCAM from being a laboratory analyzer into a tool for systematic monitoring of ballast water...
June 20, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644937/predictors-of-recurrence-after-corticosteroid-injection-for-trigger-digits
#11
Louis C Grandizio, Amy Speeckaert, Justin Brothers, Jove Graham, Joel C Klena
BACKGROUND: We aimed to identify risk factors for recurrence of trigger digit following corticosteroid injection. METHODS: A retrospective review identified patients 18 years and older who presented to a single fellowship-trained hand surgeon with a symptomatic trigger digit during a 1-year period. Baseline demographic data were recorded. Patients with persistent trigger digit after a single injection were offered a second injection. Patients refusing a second injection were excluded from our analysis...
July 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644890/drivers-of-coral-reef-marine-protected-area-performance
#12
Venetia Alexa Hargreaves-Allen, Susana Mourato, Eleanor Jane Milner-Gulland
Coral reefs are severely threatened and a principal strategy for their conservation is marine protected areas (MPAs). However the drivers of MPA performance are complex and there are likely to be trade-offs between different types of performance (e.g. conservation or welfare related outcomes). We compiled a global dataset from expert knowledge for 76 coral reef MPAs in 33 countries and identified a set of performance measures reflecting ecological and socio-economic outcomes, achievement of aims and reduction of threats, using spatial or temporal comparisons wherever possible...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644861/impact-of-ki67-re-assessment-at-time-of-disease-progression-in-patients-with-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-neoplasms
#13
Francesco Panzuto, Noemi Cicchese, Stefano Partelli, Maria Rinzivillo, Gabriele Capurso, Elettra Merola, Marco Manzoni, Eugenio Pucci, Elsa Iannicelli, Emanuela Pilozzi, Michele Rossi, Claudio Doglioni, Massimo Falconi, Gianfranco Delle Fave
BACKGROUND: Although re-assessment of proliferative activity by K67 evaluation during the course of neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs) is recommended in selected patients, its impact on patients' management is not clear due to the lack of data supporting this practice. AIM: To investigate Ki67 change at time of progressive disease (PD) in entero-pancreatic NENs (EP-NENs). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of sporadic EP-NENs which received histological re-assessment after PD once radiologically documented...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644359/commercial-probiotic-products-a-call-for-improved-quality-control-a-position-paper-by-the-espghan-working-group-for-probiotics-and-prebiotics
#14
Sanja Kolaček, Iva Hojsak, Roberto Berni Canani, Alfredo Guarino, Flavia Indrio, Rok Orel, Bruno Pot, Raanan Shamir, Hania Szajewska, Yvan Vandenplas, Johannes van Goudoever, Zvi Weizman
Probiotics have been proposed for a number of indications ranging from the hypothetical long-term immunomodulatory effects to proven benefits in the management of different clinical conditions.An increasing number of commercial products containing probiotics are available. In those products, irrespective if it is food, food supplement, medical food, or drug, the probiotic microorganisms have to be present in a sufficient number by the end of the shelf-life, to pass through the gastrointestinal tract resisting acid and bile, to colonize the gut, and to retain functional properties required to obtain the suggested beneficial effect...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644337/committee-opinion-no-705-mental-health-disorders-in-adolescents
#15
(no author information available yet)
Mental health disorders in adolescence are a significant problem, relatively common, and amenable to treatment or intervention. Obstetrician-gynecologists who see adolescent patients are highly likely to see adolescents and young women who have one or more mental health disorders. Some of these disorders may interfere with a patient's ability to understand or articulate her health concerns and appropriately adhere to recommended treatment. Some disorders or their treatments will affect the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis, causing anovulatory cycles and various menstrual disturbances...
July 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644330/committee-opinion-no-705-summary-mental-health-disorders-in-adolescents
#16
(no author information available yet)
Mental health disorders in adolescence are a significant problem, relatively common, and amenable to treatment or intervention. Obstetrician-gynecologists who see adolescent patients are highly likely to see adolescents and young women who have one or more mental health disorders. Some of these disorders may interfere with a patient's ability to understand or articulate her health concerns and appropriately adhere to recommended treatment. Some disorders or their treatments will affect the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis, causing anovulatory cycles and various menstrual disturbances...
July 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644115/evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-lightweight-fibreglass-heel-casts-in-the-management-of-ulcers-of-the-heel-in-diabetes-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
William Jeffcoate, Frances Game, Vivienne Turtle-Savage, Alison Musgrove, Patricia Price, Wei Tan, Lucy Bradshaw, Alan Montgomery, Deborah Fitzsimmons, Angela Farr, Thomas Winfield, Ceri Phillips
BACKGROUND: Ulcers of the foot in people with diabetes mellitus are slow to heal and result in considerable cost and patient suffering. The prognosis is worst for ulcers of the heel. OBJECTIVE: To assess both the clinical effectiveness and the cost-effectiveness of lightweight fibreglass casts in the management of heel ulcers. DESIGN: A pragmatic, multicentre, parallel, observer-blinded randomised controlled trial. A central randomisation centre used a computer-generated random number sequence to allocate participants to groups...
May 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643568/process-mining-based-method-of-designing-and-optimizing-the-layouts-of-emergency-departments-in-hospitals
#18
Farhood Rismanchian, Young Hoon Lee
OBJECTIVE: This article proposes an approach to help designers analyze complex care processes and identify the optimal layout of an emergency department (ED) considering several objectives simultaneously. These objectives include minimizing the distances traveled by patients, maximizing design preferences, and minimizing the relocation costs. BACKGROUND: Rising demand for healthcare services leads to increasing demand for new hospital buildings as well as renovating existing ones...
July 2017: HERD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643071/forgotten-biliary-stents-ignorance-is-not-bliss
#19
Saket Kumar, Abhijit Chandra, Rugved Kulkarni, Ajeet Pratap Maurya, Vishal Gupta
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic biliary stenting is a common procedure in routine gastroenterology practice. Plastic stents are the most common type of stents used and are indicated mainly for short-term biliary drainage. Prolonged indwelling plastic stents can result in disastrous complications. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of patients who presented with complications of forgotten biliary stents in a tertiary care hospital during January 2010 to October 2016...
June 22, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642973/estimating-the-magnitude-of-morphoscapes-how-to-measure-the-morphological-component-of-biodiversity-in-relation-to-habitats-using-geometric-morphometrics
#20
Diego Fontaneto, Martina Panisi, Mauro Mandrioli, Dario Montardi, Maurizio Pavesi, Andrea Cardini
Ecological indicators are currently developed to account for the different facets of loss of biological diversity due to direct or indirect effects of human activities. Most ecological indicators include species richness as a metric. Others, such as functional traits and phylogenetic diversity, account for differences in species, even when species richness is the same. Here, we describe and apply a different indicator, called morphoscape dimension, accounting for morphological variability across habitats in a geographical region...
August 2017: Die Naturwissenschaften
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