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Selective internal radiation

Elise Verger, Pierre Drion, Geneviève Meffre, Claire Bernard, Luc Duwez, Nicolas Lepareur, Olivier Couturier, François Hindré, Roland Hustinx, Franck Lacoeuille
PURPOSE: This work aims to develop, validate and optimize the radiolabeling of Starch-Based Microparticles (SBMP) by 188Re and 68Ga in the form of ready-to-use radiolabeling kits, the ultimate goal being to obtain a unique theranostic vector for the treatment of Hepatocellular Carcinoma. METHODS: Optimal labeling conditions and composition of freeze-dried kits were defined by monitoring the radiochemical purity while varying several parameters. In vitro stability studies were carried out, as well as an in vivo biodistribution as a preliminary approach with the intra-arterial injection of 68Ga radiolabeled SBMP into the hepatic artery of DENA-induced rats followed by PET/CT imaging...
2016: PloS One
Huijing Liu, Xiaojie Xu, Haonan Peng, Xingmao Chang, Xuwei Fu, Qianshu Li, Shiwei Yin, Gary J Blanchard, Yu Fang
A new fluorescent conjugate (PNBD) with a structure of D-π-A was designed and synthesized, where the donor (D), the acceptor (A) and the bridge (π) are naphthalyl, dicyanovinyl and phenylethynyl-phenylethynyl, respectively. To improve the solubility of the conjugate, two long alkyl chains were introduced as substituents of the central aromatic ring. Spectroscopic studies demonstrated that PNBD is a strongly solvatochromic probe which is characterized by a large molar absorption coefficient (>32 000 cm(-1) M(-1)), long wavelength absorption (>410 nm), large solvatochromic emission range (470-650 nm), high photochemical stability, and good solubility in common organic solvents...
September 14, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Hashem Etayash, M F Khan, Kamaljit Kaur, Thomas Thundat
In the fight against drug-resistant bacteria, accurate and high-throughput detection is essential. Here, a bimaterial microcantilever with an embedded microfluidic channel with internal surfaces chemically or physically functionalized with receptors selectively captures the bacteria passing through the channel. Bacterial adsorption inside the cantilever results in changes in the resonance frequency (mass) and cantilever deflection (adsorption stress). The excitation of trapped bacteria using infrared radiation (IR) causes the cantilever to deflect in proportion to the infrared absorption of the bacteria, providing a nanomechanical infrared spectrum for selective identification...
October 4, 2016: Nature Communications
Amanda R Townsend, Li Chia Chong, Christos Karapetis, Timothy J Price
Liver metastases are often the dominant site of metastatic disease in colorectal cancer. Selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT) involves embolising radiolabeled spheres (SIR-Spheres) into the arterial supply of the liver. This review assesses the effectiveness and toxicity of SIRT in the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer liver metastasis when given alone or with systemic or regional hepatic artery chemotherapy. We reviewed only randomised controlled trials comparing SIRT and chemotherapy (systemic and/or regional) with chemotherapy alone, or comparing SIRT alone with best supportive care...
September 10, 2016: Cancer Treatment Reviews
Jayant S Vaidya, Frederik Wenz, Max Bulsara, Jeffrey S Tobias, David J Joseph, Christobel Saunders, Chris Brew-Graves, Ingrid Potyka, Stephen Morris, Hrisheekesh J Vaidya, Norman R Williams, Michael Baum
BACKGROUND: Based on our laboratory work and clinical trials we hypothesised that radiotherapy after lumpectomy for breast cancer could be restricted to the tumour bed. In collaboration with the industry we developed a new radiotherapy device and a new surgical operation for delivering single-dose radiation to the tumour bed - the tissues at highest risk of local recurrence. We named it TARGeted Intraoperative radioTherapy (TARGIT). From 1998 we confirmed its feasibility and safety in pilot studies...
September 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
I Karam, M Yao, D E Heron, I Poon, S Koyfman, S S Yom, F Siddiqui, E Lartigau, M Cengiz, H Yamazaki, W Hara, J Phan, J Vargo, V H Lee, R L Foote, K W W Harter, N Lee, A Sahgal, S S Lo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Zsofia Kiss, Paramita M Ghosh
The androgen receptor (AR) plays a key role in the development and progression of prostate cancer (CaP). Since the mid-1990s, reports in the literature pointed out higher incidences of CaP in some select groups, such as airline pilots and night shift workers in comparison to those working regular hours. The common finding in these 'high-risk' groups was that they all experienced a deregulation of the body's internal circadian rhythm. Here we discuss how the circadian rhythm affects androgen levels and modulates CaP development and progression...
September 22, 2016: Endocrine-related Cancer
Fei Dong, Qian Li, JianJun Wu, MinMing Zhang, GuangQiang Zhang, Bin Li, Kai Jin, Jie Min, WeiRen Liang, Ming Chao
INTRODUCTION: Carotid blowout syndrome (CBS) secondary to radiation therapy is life-threatening and requires emergency treatment. More recently, endovascular treatment has provided an effective way to control CBS-related bleeding. CASE DESCRIPTION: We present a case of CBS with a rupture of the internal carotid artery (ICA) pseudo-aneurysm after Gamma Knife radiation therapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). The patient was a 55-year-old man who was transferred to our hospital with severe repetitive epistaxis...
2016: SpringerPlus
Mehmet An Şendur, Burak Bilgin, Muhammed B Akıncı, Didem Sener Dede, Nuriye Özdemir, Arife Ulas, Nurullah Zengin, Bulent Yalçın
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2016: Future Oncology
Joji M Otaki
A series of studies on the pale grass blue butterfly that were carried out to assess the biological effects of the Fukushima nuclear accident teach 3 important lessons. First, it is necessary to have an environmental indicator species, such as the pale grass blue butterfly in Japan, that is common (not endangered), shares a living environment (air, water, and soil) with humans, and is amenable to laboratory experiments. The monitoring of such indicator species before and immediately after a nuclear accident likely reflects acute impacts caused by initial exposure...
October 2016: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
Joseph Zenga, Ryan S Jackson, Evan M Graboyes, Parul Sinha, Miranda Lindberg, Eliot J Martin, Daniel Ma, Wade L Thorstad, Jason T Rich, Eric J Moore, Bruce H Haughey
OBJECTIVES: To examine outcomes of selective neck dissection (SND) in patients with human papillomavirus (HPV)-related oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) who present with clinical neck disease. STUDY DESIGN: Multi-institutional retrospective review. METHODS: Two institutional databases of patients with HPV-related OPSCC were reviewed to identify patients with clinical (c) N1-N3 neck disease who underwent SND ± adjuvant therapy...
September 16, 2016: Laryngoscope
N A Basri, S Hashim, A T Ramli, D A Bradley, K Hamzah
Malaysia has initiated a range of pre-project activities in preparation for its planned nuclear power programme. Clearly one of the first steps is the selection of sites that are deemed suitable for the construction and operation of a nuclear power plant. Here we outline the Malaysian regulatory requirements for nuclear power plant site selection, emphasizing details of the selection procedures and site characteristics needed, with a clear focus on radiation safety and radiation protection in respect of the site surroundings...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
Justin K Mikell, Armeen Mahvash, Wendy Siman, Veera Baladandayuthapani, Firas Mourtada, S Cheenu Kappadath
PURPOSE: To quantify differences that exist between dosimetry models used for (90)Y selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Retrospectively, 37 tumors were delineated on 19 post-therapy quantitative (90)Y single photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography scans. Using matched volumes of interest (VOIs), absorbed doses were reported using 3 dosimetry models: glass microsphere package insert standard model (SM), partition model (PM), and Monte Carlo (MC)...
July 27, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Md Habban Akhter, Saima Amin
Squamous cell carcinoma of skin has become an important matter of discussion worldwide due to high number of deaths. Treatment of such cancer involves use of drugs (chemotherapy) along with surgery or radiation therapy. The combination therapy is always preferred than single treatment modality due to poor internalization of most of the chemotherapeutics in the affected cells. Now a days, nanoparticle based drug delivery to squamous cell carcinoma is equanimous to become a leading therapeutic approach for cancer treatment...
September 6, 2016: Current Drug Delivery
Michael J Magnetta, Anish Ghodadra, Steven J Lahti, Minzhi Xing, Di Zhang, Hyun S Kim
PURPOSE: To determine whether pathologic colorectal tumor KRAS mutation status is correlated with progression-free survival (PFS) by imaging after selective internal radiation therapy with Yttrium-90 (SIRT Y90) for metastatic colorectal cancer in the liver (mCRC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was an IRB approved, HIPAA compliant retrospective cohort study. Consecutive patients with unresectable mCRC with documented KRAS mutation status treated at a single center from 2002 to 2013 with SIRT Y90 were investigated...
September 6, 2016: Abdominal Radiology
Yan-Li Wang, Xu-Hua Duan, Xin-Wei Han, Ling Wang, Xian-Lan Zhao, Zhi-Min Chen, Qin-Jun Chu, Wei Zhang
BACKGROUND: To compare the efficacy of temporary abdominal aortic occlusion with internal iliac artery occlusion for the management of placenta accreta. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 105 patients with placenta accreta were selected for treatment with temporary abdominal aortic occlusion (n = 57, group A) or bilateral iliac artery occlusion (n = 48, group B). Temporary abdominal aortic and internal iliac artery balloon occlusions were performed during caesarean sections...
September 6, 2016: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
Seung-Joon Lee, Tae-Ung Yoon, Ah-Reum Kim, Seo-Yul Kim, Kyung-Ho Cho, Young Kyu Hwang, Jei-Won Yeon, Youn-Sang Bae
The separation of xenon/krypton mixtures is important for both environmental and industrial purposes. The potential of three hydrothermally stable MOFs (MIL-100(Fe), MIL-101(Cr), and UiO-66(Zr)) for use in Xe/Kr separation has been experimentally investigated. From the observed single-component Xe and Kr isotherms, isosteric heat of adsorption (Qst(o)), and IAST-predicted Xe/Kr selectivities, we observed that UiO-66(Zr) has the most potential as an adsorbent among the three candidate MOFs. We performed dynamic breakthrough experiments with an adsorption bed filled with UiO-66(Zr) to evaluate further the potential of UiO-66(Zr) for Xe/Kr separation under mixture flow conditions...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
I Improta, F Palorini, C Cozzarini, T Rancati, B Avuzzi, P Franco, C Degli Esposti, E Del Mastro, G Girelli, C Iotti, V Vavassori, R Valdagni, C Fiorino
PURPOSE: To assess bladder spatial-dose parameters predicting acute urinary toxicity after radiotherapy for prostate cancer (PCa) through a pixel-wise method for analysis of bladder dose-surface maps (DSMs). MATERIALS & METHODS: The final cohort of a multi-institutional study, consisting of 539 patients with PCa treated with conventionally (CONV:1.8-2Gy/fr) or moderately hypo-fractionated radiotherapy (HYPO:2.2-2.7Gy/fr) was considered. Urinary toxicity was evaluated through the International Prostate Symptoms Score (IPSS) administered before and after radiotherapy...
August 25, 2016: Physica Medica: PM
Shyam M Srinivas, Elie C Nasr, Vamsi K Kunam, Jennifer A Bullen, Andrei S Purysko
BACKGROUND: Given the differences in size, specific activity, and dosing methods for glass yttrium-90 microspheres ((90)Y-glass) and resin (90)Y microspheres ((90)Y-resin), these therapies may expose the liver to different amounts of radiation, thereby affecting their efficacy and tolerability. We aimed to compare the prescribed activity of (90)Y-glass and (90)Y-resin for real-world patients undergoing selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT) for liver-dominant metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) and to assess efficacy and safety outcomes in these patients...
August 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Vincenzo Valentini, Maria Antonietta Gambacorta, Brunella Barbaro, Giuditta Chiloiro, Claudio Coco, Prajnan Das, Francesco Fanfani, Ines Joye, Lisa Kachnic, Philippe Maingon, Corrie Marijnen, Samuel Ngan, Karin Haustermans
INTRODUCTION: The delineation of Clinical Target Volume (CTV) is a critical step in radiotherapy. Several guidelines suggest different subvolumes and anatomical boundaries in rectal cancer (RC), potentially leading to a misunderstanding in the CTV definition. International consensus guidelines (CG) are needed to improve uniformity in RC CTV delineation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The 7 radiation oncologist experts defined a roadmap to produce RC CG. Step 1: revision of the published guidelines...
August 2016: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
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