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Rosalind Mole, Stephen Hayes, Simon Dennis
Laryngocoeles are rare cystic dilatations of the laryngeal ventricle. Obstruction of its outlet can cause entrapment of mucus and superimposed infection causes a laryngopyocoele. Such presentations, although rare, have potential to cause airway obstruction. A 67-year-old lady presented with a one-week history of hoarseness and shortness of breath. On examination, she was stridulous and had fullness of the left side of the neck. Nasendoscopy revealed large bilateral vocal cord polyps and near-complete glottis obstruction...
2017: Case Reports in Surgery
Shelagh A Cofer, Becky Baas, Edythe Strand, Cara C Cockerill
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate the effectiveness, durability, and safety of a tissue filler (dextranomer and hyaluronic acid copolymer) when injected submucosally in the nasopharynx to treat velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) in pediatric patients. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Charts were reviewed for all patients treated with injectable filler at a tertiary children's center for VPI from April 2010 through September 2013...
October 2016: Laryngoscope
T D Milner, J Montgomery, M Stewart
Portable flexible nasendoscopes with a battery light source are a finite resource. Smartphones can provide an immediately available alternative light source in the emergency patient. Image quality is better using smartphones than with a battery-powered light source. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
July 6, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
Ali Sanei-Moghaddam, Amin Sanei-Moghaddam, Sara Kahrobaei
INTRODUCTION: Fishbone is the most common foreign body found in the oropharynx. Conventionally patients with suspected fishbone in the throat would have mirror laryngoscopy followed by lateral soft tissue X-ray to look for the fishbone or observe impacts caused by the fishbone i.e. soft tissue swelling or air in upper esophagus. However, the most common site of fishbone impact is the suprahyoid area, which contains high soft tissue and bony density. This makes X-rays less reliable, especially because not all fish have radio-opaque bones...
November 2015: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Huijie Xu, Hui Yu, Ruifang Jia, Zhan Gao, Weining Huang, Hao Peng
OBJECTIVE: to investigate the origin characters of snore in simple snorers and provide the basis for its treatment. METHOD: Thirty-two simple snorers diagnosed by polysomnography were induced to sleep by propofol and dexmedetomidine, then we observed the vibration sites, pattern and concomitant collapse of soft tissue in pharyngeal cavity by nasendoscopy. RESULT: Thirteen cases showed palatal fluttering only, and 1 case showed vibration of epiglottis only...
June 2015: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Hui-Jie Xu, Rui-Fang Jia, Hui Yu, Zhan Gao, Wei-Ning Huang, Hao Peng, Yi Yang, Lei Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the source of snoring sound in patients with simple snoring (SS) and different degrees of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) in order to provide a basis for the surgical treatment of snoring. METHODS: Fifty-two patients with either SS or OSAS (with an apnea-hypopnea index ≤40) underwent drug-induced sleep nasendoscopy (DISN). Vibration sites in the pharyngeal cavity were observed. RESULTS: Vibration of the soft palate, pharyngeal lateral wall, epiglottis, and tongue base appeared in 100, 53...
2015: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
A M Saif, A Farboud, E Delfosse, L Pope, M Adke
BACKGROUND: Local anaesthetics and vasoconstrictors are essential for pain control and to aid intra-operative haemostasis in nasal procedures. They also improve access, and reduce discomfort when performing nasal endoscopy. There are no clear guidelines on preparing the nose despite evermore diagnostic and therapeutic procedures utilising the nose as a point of access. OBJECTIVE OF REVIEW: This review aims to identify nasal preparations used in diagnostic and therapeutic nasal procedures and to examine their safety and efficacy...
October 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
I Ahmad, B Millhoff, M John, K Andi, R Oakley
Preemptive mapping of the airway is a useful adjunct to conventional clinical assessments when airway management planning for patients with complex head and neck pathology. Nasendoscopy is frequently used for this purpose but is also invasive and poorly tolerated in a subset of patients and, even in expert hands, may not allow complete visualization of the glottis and subglottic structures. We present a novel tool for difficult airway management planning in the form of virtual endoscopy by applying free online OsiriX software to head and neck computed tomographic scans to generate a "fly-through" airway reconstruction...
September 2015: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Michael Couzins, Hirotaka Ishii, Matthew J Ward, Michael J Brockbank
A 37-year-old man presented with an abnormal pharyngeal sensation. Nasendoscopy demonstrated a mass projecting from the left pharyngeal wall, which could be pushed medially with external pressure. A CT scan demonstrated a fracture of the hyoid. On further questioning, the patient stated that he practised Jujitsu, a sport involving various strangling manoeuvres. He underwent a pharyngoscopy and out-fracturing of the hyoid, resulting in complete resolution of his symptoms. Hyoid fractures are uncommon and can be difficult to identify clinically, but the serious nature of associated complications highlights the importance of making the diagnosis...
July 6, 2015: BMJ Case Reports
N Dharmawardana, G Ruthenbeck, C Woods, B Elmiyeh, L Diment, E H Ooi, K Reynolds, A S Carney
BACKGROUND: Virtual reality (VR) simulators provide an alternative to real patients for practicing surgical skills but require validation to ensure accuracy. Here, we validate the use of a virtual reality sinus surgery simulator with haptic feedback for training in Otorhinolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery (OHNS). METHODS: Participants were recruited from final-year medical students, interns, resident medical officers (RMOs), OHNS registrars and consultants. All participants completed an online questionnaire after performing four separate simulation tasks...
December 2015: Clinical Otolaryngology
H F Dean, S Hadjisymeou, G Morrison, I Hore
OBJECTIVE: We present the case of a rare cause of epistaxis in a paediatric patient, together with the diagnostic and management challenges associated with this condition. CASE REPORT: A previously well nine-year-old boy presented with a six-month history of intermittent unilateral epistaxis. Radiological investigation and endoscopic biopsy confirmed a highly malignant nasopharyngeal mass consistent with carcinoma. The tumour continued to grow rapidly. Whilst awaiting intervention, the patient experienced a further significant haemorrhage requiring surgical intervention...
March 2015: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
T K Nicoli, S Gupta, B Kotecha
OBJECTIVE: This paper describes a case where a patient diagnosed with tongue base lymphoid hyperplasia was successfully treated with radiofrequency excision and interstitial radiofrequency-induced thermotherapy. CASE REPORT: A 53-year-old female presented with globus sensation, mild dysphagia, nocturnal breathing problems and 'hot potato voice' dysphonia. On flexible nasendoscopy, a visible tongue mass was seen to obstruct the posterior oropharynx. On magnetic resonance imaging scans, this mass looked suspicious of lymphoma, but on histology was confirmed to be benign reactive lymphoid hyperplasia...
April 2015: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
Alison Evans, Tim Driscoll, Jonathan Livesey, David Fitzsimons, Bronwen Ackermann
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the anatomy and function of the velopharyngeal mechanism in musicians who experience symptoms of stress velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) compared to musicians who do not. METHODS: The velopharyngeal mechanism of 13 musicians, 8 with reported symptoms of stress VPI and 5 without, were evaluated using video nasendoscopy before and after 30 minutes of playing. All nasendoscopic recordings were rated by an external speech-language pathologist and ear, nose and throat surgeon for maintenance of velopharyngeal closure, type of velopharyngeal closure pattern, and velopharyngeal gap...
March 2015: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
L Lane, S Prudon, T Cheetham, S Powell
BACKGROUND: A lingual thyroid is a known cause of oropharyngeal obstruction in the neonate. It can be asymptomatic, or present as stridor, dysphonia, dysphagia or dyspnoea with faltering growth. The therapeutic options include surgical resection. CASE REPORT: A 6-day-old female neonate, born at 36 weeks gestation, presented with stridulous breathing and poor feeding. Although the cause was initially thought to be laryngomalacia, nasendoscopy revealed a lingual thyroid...
April 2015: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
P Asimakopoulos, I Hathorn, H Monaghan, A T Williams
BACKGROUND: There is no consensus as to whether all routine bilateral polypectomy specimens should be sent for formal histopathological diagnosis to exclude underlying neoplastic pathology. This study assessed the necessity for histopathological investigation as routine practice in cases of bilateral and unilateral nasal lesions by estimating the incidence of unexpected pathologies. It also evaluated the ability of computed tomography to predict histopathological diagnosis in patients with unilateral nasal lesions...
March 2015: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
Lenka Vermeeren, Wynia Derks, Wytske Fokkens, Dirk-Jan Menger
Although balloon packing appears to be efficient to control epistaxis, severe local complications can occur. We describe four patients with local lesions after balloon packing. Prolonged balloon packing can cause damage to nasal mucosa, septum and alar skin (nasal mucosa, the cartilaginous skeleton and the overlying soft-tissue envelope) and should, therefore, be avoided. We suggest early nasendoscopy in general anesthesia to identify and treat the bleeding focus, if bleeding cannot be controlled with regular packing...
October 2015: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
C M Lee, H K Leadbetter, J M Fishman
Objective. Bullous pemphigoid is well known for its cutaneous features; however in rare cases it may present with mucosal involvement. We report a case of bullous pemphigoid presenting with haemoptysis, initially presenting to the Ear, Nose and Throat Department for investigation. Methods. An 87-year-old lady was admitted with haemoptysis. She also complained of a spreading, pruritic, bullous rash, which first began three weeks previously. Initial investigations, which included nasendoscopy, revealed a normal nasal mucosa and a normal postnasal space...
2015: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Philip Charlton, Lisa Pitkin
An 84-year-old man presented with a 2-month history of intermittent stridor and worsening difficulty in breathing. Chest X-ray and flexible nasendoscopy were unremarkable but following further deterioration a CT scan revealed an obstructing lesion in the distal trachea. Bronchoscopy revealed an infiltrative tumour arising 3 cm above the carina causing 90% obstruction. The mass was biopsied and surgically debrided to leave a patent airway. Histological analysis revealed a diagnosis of adenoid cystic carcinoma...
January 14, 2015: BMJ Case Reports
N Hodgins, C Hoo, P McGee, C Hill
A questionnaire designed to survey methods of assessment and management of velopharyngeal incompetence (VPI) was circulated to all surgical members of the Craniofacial Society of Great Britain and Ireland. 45 questionnaires were distributed yielding 30 respondents (66.6% response rate). 27 respondents performed surgery for both cleft and non-cleft forms of VPI. Multi-planar videofluroscopy and nasendoscopy were the most frequently used methods of assessing and diagnosing VPI. The most frequently utilised corrective surgical procedure was palatal re-repair, followed by the Hynes pharyngoplasty and the Furlow double opposing z-plasty technique...
April 2015: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
Xiong-Xin Zhang, Kui Zhao, Shui-Hong Zhou, Qin-Ying Wang, Jian-Hua Liu, Zhong-Jie Lu
We herein present a case of a left cervical cystic mass, for which the initial pathological diagnosis was branchial cleft cyst carcinoma (following complete mass excision). Thorough postoperative examinations, including with FDG positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT), revealed a primary tumor in the retromolar region of the left mandible. A 52-year-old female presented with a 2-month history of a painless, progressively enlarged left-sided neck mass. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy suggested a branchial cleft cyst...
2014: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology
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