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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044685/involvement-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-in-the-upregulation-of-cystathionine-%C3%AE-lyase-a-hydrogen-sulfide-forming-enzyme-and-bladder-pain-accompanying-cystitis-in-mice
#1
Tomoka Ozaki, Maho Tsubota, Fumiko Sekiguchi, Atsufumi Kawabata
Hydrogen sulfide (H2 S) is generated from L-cysteine by multiple enzymes including cystathionine-γ-lyase (CSE), and promotes nociception by targeting multiple molecules such as Cav 3.2 T-type Ca(2+) channels. Bladder pain accompanying cyclophosphamide (CPA)-induced cystitis in mice has been shown to involve the functional upregulation of the CSE/H2 S/Cav 3.2 pathway. Therefore, we investigated whether NF-κB, as an upstream signal of the CSE/H2 S system, contributes to bladder pain in mice with CPA-induced cystitis...
October 17, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042318/mechanisms-of-%C3%AE-opioid-receptor-inhibition-of-nmda-receptor-induced-substance-p-release-in-the-rat-spinal-cord
#2
Wenling Chen, Helena S Ennes, James A McRoberts, Juan Carlos Marvizon
The interaction between NMDA receptors and μ-opioid receptors in primary afferent terminals was studied by using NMDA to induce substance P release, measured as neurokinin 1 receptor internalization. In rat spinal cord slices, the μ-opioid receptor agonists morphine, DAMGO and endomorphin-2 inhibited NMDA-induced substance P release, whereas the antagonist CTAP right-shifted the concentration response of DAMGO. In vivo, substance P release induced by intrathecal NMDA after priming with BDNF was inhibited by DAMGO...
October 14, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042314/differential-distribution-and-function-of-gababrs-in-somato-dendritic-and-axonal-compartments-of-principal-cells-and-interneurons-in-cortical-circuits
#3
REVIEW
Ákos Kulik, Sam A Booker, Imre Vida
GABABRs are highly expressed in cortical circuits, controlling neuronal excitability and synaptic transmission in both principal cells and inhibitory interneurons. Light and electron microscopic studies confirmed the wide distribution of receptors and revealed cell type-specific quantitative differences in their cellular and subcellular distributions. At the subcellular level, GABABRs are abundant at the peri- and extrasynaptic membrane of somato-dendritic compartments and to lower levels in the axon terminals of both cortical excitatory principal cells and inhibitory interneurons...
October 14, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038230/ghrelin-receptor-constitutive-activity-reduces-surface-expression-of-voltage-gated-calcium-channels-in-a-cav%C3%AE-dependent-manner
#4
Emilio R Mustafá, Eduardo J López Soto, Valentina Martínez Damonte, Silvia S Rodríguez, Diane Lipscombe, Jesica Raingo
Voltage gated calcium (CaV) channels couple membrane depolarization to calcium influx, triggering a range of calcium-dependent cellular processes. CaV channels are therefore critical in shaping neuronal activity and function, depending on their individual temporal and spatial properties. Furthermore, many neurotransmitters and drugs that act through G protein coupled receptors (GPCRs), modulate neuronal activity by altering the expression, trafficking, or function of CaV channels. GPCR-dependent mechanisms that down regulate CaV channel expression levels are observed in many neurons but are, by comparison, less studied...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036408/physiological-differences-between-root-suckers-and-saplings-enlarge-the-regeneration-niche-in-eucryphia-cordifolia-cav
#5
Antonio B Escandón, Roke Rojas, Loreto V Morales, Luis J Corcuera, Rafael E Coopman, Susana Paula
Many clonal plants produce vegetative recruits that remain connected to the parent plant. Such connections permit resource sharing among ramets, explaining the high survival rates of vegetative recruits during establishment under suboptimal conditions for sexual regeneration. We propose that differences in the regeneration niches of sexual and vegetative recruits reflect different physiological adjustments caused by parental supply of resources to the ramets. We conducted ecophysiological measurements in saplings and root suckers of Eucryphia cordifolia Cav...
September 19, 2017: Tree Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033404/sp-prediction-of-wbgt-based-clothing-adjustment-values-from-evaporative-resistance
#6
Thomas E Bernard, Candi D Ashley, Ximena P Garzon, Jung-Hyun Kim, Aitor Coca
Wet bulb globe temperature (WBGT) index is used by many professionals in combination with metabolic rate and clothing adjustments to assess whether a heat stress exposure is sustainable. The progressive heat stress protocol is a systematic method to prescribe a clothing adjustment value (CAV) from human wear trials, and it also provides an estimate of apparent total evaporative resistance (Re,T,a). It is clear that there is a direct relationship between the two descriptors of clothing thermal effects with diminishing increases in CAV at high Re,T,a...
October 14, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027927/conotoxins-as-tools-to-understand-the-physiological-function-of-voltage-gated-calcium-cav-channels
#7
REVIEW
David Ramírez, Wendy Gonzalez, Rafael A Fissore, Ingrid Carvacho
Voltage-gated calcium (CaV) channels are widely expressed and are essential for the completion of multiple physiological processes. Close regulation of their activity by specific inhibitors and agonists become fundamental to understand their role in cellular homeostasis as well as in human tissues and organs. CaV channels are divided into two groups depending on the membrane potential required to activate them: High-voltage activated (HVA, CaV1.1-1.4; CaV2.1-2.3) and Low-voltage activated (LVA, CaV3.1-3.3)...
October 13, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994759/a-novel-method-super-selective-adrenal-venous-sampling
#8
Kohzoh Makita, Koshiro Nishimoto, Kanako Kiriyama-Kitamoto, Shigehiro Karashima, Tsugio Seki, Masanori Yasuda, Seishi Matsui, Masao Omura, Tetsuo Nishikawa
Primary aldosteronism (PA) and subclinical Cushing's syndrome (SCS) are conditions in which the adrenal glands autonomously produce excessive amounts of aldosterone and cortisol, respectively. The conventional adrenal venous sampling (cAVS) method collects blood samples from both adrenal central veins and is useful for identifying the laterality of excess hormone production in a unilateral lesion(s), as documented in PA cases. In cAVS, plasma cortisol concentrations (PCCs) are used to normalize plasma aldosterone concentrations (PACs)...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990263/early-aspirin-initiation-following-heart-transplantation-is-associated-with-reduced-risk-of-allograft-vasculopathy-during-long-term-follow-up
#9
Yael Peled, Jacob Lavee, Eugenia Raichlin, Moshe Katz, Michael Arad, Yigal Kassif, Amir Peled, Elad Asher, Dan Elian, Yedael Har-Zahav, Nir Shlomo, Dov Freimark, Ilan Goldenberg, Robert Klempfner
AIM: Cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality after heart transplantation (HT). Enhanced platelet reactivity is a contributing factor. We aimed to investigate the association between early initiation of aspirin therapy post-HT and the 15-year risk of the development of CAV. METHODS: We studied 206 patients who underwent HT between 1991and 2016. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression modeling was employed to evaluate the association between early aspirin initiation and the long-term risk of CAV...
October 9, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988608/routine-c4d-immunohistochemistry-in-cardiac-allografts-long-term-outcomes
#10
Aliya N Husain, Kamran M Mirza, Savitri E Fedson
BACKGROUND: In the past decade, C4d has emerged as a potential marker for antibody-mediated rejection (AMR); however, evidence on its use as a prognostic tool has been controversial. Although the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation guideline recommends early routine surveillance of C4d in heart transplantation, there is no consensus on its value in the pathologic assessment of AMR. Herein we present a correlation analysis of C4d immunoreactivity in endomyocardial biopsies with clinical cardiac dysfunction, cellular rejection, human leukocyte antigen (HLA) status, cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) and death...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981925/-clinical-and-genetic-study-of-a-chinese-family-affected-with-caveolinopathies
#11
Hongbing Nie, Xiangbin Wu, Jinju Lyu, Jing Zhu, Dandan Tan
OBJECTIVE: To analyze clinical features and genetic mutations in a Chinese family affected with autosomal dominant caveolinopathies. METHODS: Clinical data of the proband and her family members were collected. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples with a standard procedure. Next generation sequencing was carried out for the proband, and direct sequencing was employed to detect potential mutation of the CAV gene. RESULTS: The proband presented with slowly progressing distal muscle weakness and atrophy, especially distal upper limbs and muscular soreness during early childhood, with her CK level moderately elevated and EMG showing myogenic and neurogenic injuries...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981594/neuron-targeted-caveolin-1-promotes-ultrastructural-and-functional-hippocampal-synaptic-plasticity
#12
Junji Egawa, Alice Zemljic-Harpf, Chitra D Mandyam, Ingrid R Niesman, Larisa V Lysenko, Alexander M Kleschevnikov, David M Roth, Hemal H Patel, Piyush M Patel, Brian P Head
A delicate interneuronal communication between pre- and postsynaptic membranes is critical for synaptic plasticity and the formation of memory. Evidence shows that membrane/lipid rafts (MLRs), plasma membrane microdomains enriched in cholesterol and sphingolipids, organize presynaptic proteins and postsynaptic receptors necessary for synaptic formation and signaling. MLRs establish a cell polarity that facilitates transduction of extracellular cues to the intracellular environment. Here we show that neuron-targeted overexpression of an MLR protein, caveolin-1 (SynCav1), in the adult mouse hippocampus increased the number of presynaptic vesicles per bouton, total excitatory type I glutamatergic synapses, number of same-dendrite multiple-synapse boutons, increased myelination, increased long-term potentiation, and increased MLR-localized N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor subunits (GluN1, GluN2A, and GluN2B)...
July 31, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978442/mechanisms-responsible-for-%C3%AF-pore-currents-in-cav-calcium-channel-voltage-sensing-domains
#13
Stefania Monteleone, Andreas Lieb, Alexandra Pinggera, Giulia Negro, Julian E Fuchs, Florian Hofer, Jörg Striessnig, Petronel Tuluc, Klaus R Liedl
Mutations of positively charged amino acids in the S4 transmembrane segment of a voltage-gated ion channel form ion-conducting pathways through the voltage-sensing domain, named ω-current. Here, we used structure modeling and MD simulations to predict pathogenic ω-currents in CaV1.1 and CaV1.3 Ca(2+) channels bearing several S4 charge mutations. Our modeling predicts that mutations of CaV1.1-R1 (R528H/G, R897S) or CaV1.1-R2 (R900S, R1239H) linked to hypokalemic periodic paralysis type 1 and of CaV1.3-R3 (R990H) identified in aldosterone-producing adenomas conducts ω-currents in resting state, but not during voltage-sensing domain activation...
October 3, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971605/17%C3%AE-estradiol-reduces-cav-1-2-channel-abundance-and-attenuates-ca-2-dependent-contractions-in-coronary-arteries
#14
Brent J F Hill, Robin J Dalton, Biny K Joseph, Keshari M Thakali, Nancy J Rusch
One mechanism by which the female sex may protect against elevated coronary vascular tone is inhibition of Ca(2+) entry into arterial smooth muscle cells (ASMCs). In vitro findings confirm that high estrogen concentrations directly inhibit voltage-dependent Cav 1.2 channels in coronary ASMCs. For this study, we hypothesized that the nonacute, in vitro exposure of coronary arteries to a low concentration of 17β-estradiol (17βE) reduces the expression of Cav 1.2 channel proteins in coronary ASMCs. Segments of the right coronary artery obtained from sexually mature female pigs were mounted for isometric tension recording...
October 2017: Pharmacology Research & Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971283/non-phytate-phosphorus-requirement-for-broilers-from-8-to-21%C3%A2-days-of-age-under-heat-stress-conditions
#15
Evandro Ferreira Cardoso, Juarez Lopes Donzele, Rita Flávia Miranda de Oliveira Donzele, Bruna Leite Sufiate, Amanda Dione Silva, Tarciso Tizziani
Two trials were conducted to determine the non-phytate phosphorus (nPP) requirement for broiler under heat stress. In both trials, birds were distributed in a completely randomized 4 × 2 factorial design with four nPP concentrations: 0.25, 0.35, 0.45, and 0.55%, and two Ca supply techniques: Ca fixed at 0.899% (CaF) or varying along with nPP aiming a 2:1 Ca to nPP ratio (CaV). Both trials had eight pens/treatment, with nine and five birds/pen for exp. 1 and exp. 2, respectively. nPP concentration had no effect on feed intake (FI), body weight gain (BWG), feed conversion ratio (FCR), nor fat deposition ratio (FDR)...
October 3, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964603/bisphenol-a-induces-proliferative-effects-on-both-breast-cancer-cells-and-vascular-endothelial-cells-through-a-shared-gper-dependent-pathway-in-hypoxia
#16
Fangyi Xu, Xiaoning Wang, Nannan Wu, Shuiqing He, Weijie Yi, Siyun Xiang, Piwei Zhang, Xiao Xie, Chenjiang Ying
Based on the breast cancer cells and the vascular endothelial cells are both estrogen-sensitive, we proposed a close reciprocity existed between them in the tumor microenvironment, via shared molecular mechanism affected by environmental endocrine disruptors (EDCs). In this study, bisphenol A (BPA), via triggering G-protein estrogen receptor (GPER), stimulated cell proliferation and migration of bovine vascular endothelial cells (BVECs) and breast cancer cells (SkBr-3 and MDA-MB-231) and enhanced tumor growth in vivo...
September 27, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959339/removal-of-pharmaceutical-products-in-a-constructed-wetland
#17
Nihan Özengin, Ayse Elmaci
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in the natural and constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment. While nutrient removal in wetlands has been extensively investigated, information regarding the degradation of the pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) has only recently been emerging. PPCPs are widely distributed in urban wastewaters and can be removed to some extent by the constructed wetlands. The medium-term (3-5 years) behavior of these systems regarding PPCP removal is still unknown...
December 2016: Iranian journal of biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957379/involvement-of-parkin-in-the-ubiquitin-proteasome-system-mediated-degradation-of-n-type-voltage-gated-ca2-channels
#18
Lizbeth Grimaldo, Alejandro Sandoval, Edgar Garza-López, Ricardo Felix
N-type calcium (CaV2.2) channels are widely expressed in the brain and the peripheral nervous system, where they play important roles in the regulation of transmitter release. Although CaV2.2 channel expression levels are precisely regulated, presently little is known regarding the molecules that mediate its synthesis and degradation. Previously, by using a combination of biochemical and functional analyses, we showed that the complex formed by the light chain 1 of the microtubule-associated protein 1B (LC1-MAP1B) and the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) E2 enzyme UBE2L3, may interact with the CaV2...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956212/sensing-of-micropillars-by-osteoblasts-involves-complex-intracellular-signaling
#19
Caroline Moerke, Petra Mueller, J Barbara Nebe
Topographical material surface features are sensed by cells and provoke a large range of cellular responses. We recognized earlier, that at micropillar topographies in the range of 5 µm, the osteoblasts attempt to phagocytize the pillars resulted in increased energy requirements and reduced osteoblast marker expression, e.g., collagen type I and osteocalcin. However, the precise cellular signaling transducing the topographic information into the cell and evoking phagocytic processes remained unknown. Here, we could show that the RhoA/ROCK signaling is involved in the transduction of the topography-mediated cellular reactions...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944844/h2o2-induces-caveolin%C3%A2-1-degradation-and-impaired-mitochondrial-function-in-e11-podocytes
#20
Ya-Hui Chen, Wei-Wen Lin, Chin-San Liu, Shih-Li Su
Increased intercellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels are the major cause of podocyte injury with proteinuria. Caveolin‑1 (CAV‑1) is an essential protein component of caveolae. CAV‑1 participates in signal transduction and endocytic trafficking. Recent research has indicated that CAV‑1 regulates oxidative stress‑induced pathways. The present study used hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) at nontoxic concentrations to elevate the level of ROS in E11 podocytes. Treatment with 500 and 1,000 µM H2O2 for 1 h significantly reduced CAV‑1 expression levels...
September 18, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
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