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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073539/physical-processes-leading-to-the-development-of-an-anomalously-large-cochlodinium-polykrikoides-bloom-in-the-east-sea-japan-sea
#1
Dae-Won Kim, Young-Heon Jo, Jong-Kuk Choi, Jang-Geun Choi, Hongsheng Bi
An anomalously large Harmful Algal Bloom (HAB) was observed in the southwest coast of the East/Japan Sea (hereafter the East Sea) during the summer of 2013. During this time period, the presence of Cochlodinium polykrikoides (C. polykrikoides) was detected by the Geostationary Ocean Color Imager (GOCI) and validated by in-situ observations. GOCI observations have been available since 2011, thus allowingto examine various stages of the physical condition of the developing C. polykrikoides bloom, thereby other multi-satellite and buoy measurements obtained between 2011 and 2013...
May 2016: Harmful Algae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072854/functional-richness-and-identity-do-not-strongly-affect-invasibility-of-constructed-dune-communities
#2
Tanya J Mason, Kristine French, Dianne F Jolley
Biotic effects are often used to explain community structure and invasion resistance. We evaluated the contribution of functional richness and identity to invasion resistance and abiotic resource availability using a mesocosm experiment. We predicted that higher functional richness would confer greater invasion resistance through greater resource sequestration. We also predicted that niche pre-emption and invasion resistance would be higher in communities which included functional groups similar to the invader than communities where all functional groups were distinct from the invader...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069627/what-aspects-of-intentional-rounding-work-in-hospital-wards-for-whom-and-in-what-circumstances-a-realist-evaluation-protocol
#3
Ruth Harris, Sarah Sims, Ros Levenson, Stephen Gourlay, Fiona Ross Cbe, Nigel Davies, Sally Brearley, Giampiero Favato, Robert Grant
INTRODUCTION: Intentional rounding (IR) is a structured process whereby nurses in hospitals carry out regular checks, usually hourly, with individual patients using a standardised protocol to address issues of positioning, pain, personal needs and placement of items. The widespread implementation of IR across the UK has been driven by the recommendations of the Francis Inquiry although empirical evidence of its effectiveness is poor. This paper presents a protocol of a multimethod study using a realist evaluation approach to investigate the impact and effectiveness of IR in hospital wards on the organisation, delivery and experience of care from the perspective of patients, their family members and staff...
January 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035267/patterns-of-population-structure-at-microsatellite-and-mitochondrial-dna-markers-in-the-franciscana-dolphin-pontoporia-blainvillei
#4
María Constanza Gariboldi, Juan Ignacio Túnez, Mauricio Failla, Marta Hevia, María Victoria Panebianco, María Natalia Paso Viola, Alfredo Daniel Vitullo, Humberto Luis Cappozzo
The franciscana dolphin, Pontorporia blainvillei, is an endemic cetacean of the Atlantic coast of South America. Its coastal distribution and restricted movement patterns make this species vulnerable to anthropogenic factors, particularly to incidental bycatch. We used mitochondrial DNA control region sequences, 10 microsatellites, and sex data to investigate the population structure of the franciscana dolphin from a previously established management area, which includes the southern edge of its geographic range...
December 2016: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031472/seasonal-abundance-and-phenology-of-halyomorpha-halys-hemiptera-pentatomidae-on-different-pepper-cultivars-in-the-mid-atlantic-united-states
#5
C R Philips, T P Kuhar, G P Dively, G Hamilton, J Whalen, K Kamminga
The brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Stål), is an invasive stink bug (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) introduced into the United States in the mid-1990s. Since its initial establishment, it has spread throughout the east coast as far south as Georgia, and as far north as New Hampshire. While information is available regarding H. halys behavior and life history in some crops, relatively little information is available for vegetables such as peppers. Key questions include understanding when H. halys enters pepper fields to feed and how best to predict infestations, what population levels create economic damage, and if peppers that vary in capsaicin levels also vary in susceptibility to attack...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007168/arsenobetaine-and-thio-arsenic-species-in-marine-macroalgae-and-herbivorous-animals-accumulated-through-trophic-transfer-or-produced-in-situ
#6
Simon Foster, William Maher
Arsenobetaine (AB) and thio-arsenoribosides were measured in common macroalgae species (8 phaeophyta, 4 rhodophyta and 2 chlorphyta), along the Australian south east coast line. As well, arsenic species profiles were measured for two common marine herbivores, the sea urchin Centrostephanus rodgersii and the fish Odax cyanomelas that graze on these macroalgae to understand if trophic transfer of these species would account for their presence in marine herbivores. AB was found in seven of the fourteen macroalgae species investigated but does not contributed significantly to any of the macroalgae arsenic content (0...
November 2016: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974273/anthropogenic-organochlorine-compounds-as-potential-tracers-for-regional-water-masses-a-case-study-of-estuarine-plume-coastal-eddy-wind-driven-upwelling-and-long-range-warm-current
#7
Miaolei Ya, Yuling Wu, Yongyu Li, Xinhong Wang
Water masses are the crucial factor driving the terrigenous anthropogenic organochlorine compounds (OCs) migration from the coast to open sea. Therefore, organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were investigated in the Northern South China Sea (NSCS), where different types of water masses are generated by the East Asian summer monsoon: Pearl River estuary plume (PREP), Guangdong offshore eddy (GDEC), South China Sea warm current (SCSWC) and wind-driven upwelling current (WDUC)...
March 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846289/spatial-variability-in-condition-of-southern-rock-lobsters-jasus-edwardsii-at-the-start-of-the-tasmanian-fishing-season
#8
Tania Mendo, Cedric Simon, Bridget Green, Caleb Gardner
The southern rock lobster (Jasus edwardsii) industry in Australia favours red lobsters, which are usually caught in shallow waters, over paler (brindle) lobsters. This preference is driven partly by the Chinese market, where red is associated with luck and prosperity, and additionally, by the widely held perception within the industry that brindles have greater mortality rates during out of water transport than reds. Limited scientific evidence supports these industry observations; however, these studies did not evaluate the initial condition of lobsters...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832144/global-potential-distribution-of-bactrocera-carambolae-and-the-risks-for-fruit-production-in-brazil
#9
Cesar A Marchioro
The carambola fruit fly, Bactrocera carambolae, is a tephritid native to Asia that has invaded South America through small-scale trade of fruits from Indonesia. The economic losses associated with biological invasions of other fruit flies around the world and the polyphagous behaviour of B. carambolae have prompted much concern among government agencies and farmers with the potential spread of this pest. Here, ecological niche models were employed to identify suitable environments available to B. carambolae in a global scale and assess the extent of the fruit acreage that may be at risk of attack in Brazil...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811807/a-new-species-of-monstrilla-dana-1849-copepoda-monstrilloida-monstrillidae-from-korea-including-a-key-to-species-from-the-north-west-pacific
#10
Jimin Lee, Cheon Young Chang
A new species of monstrilloid copepod belonging to the genus Monstrilla Dana, 1849 is recorded from South Korea. Specimens were obtained between May of 2012 and January of 2014 from inshore waters along the coasts of the East Sea, South Sea, and Jeju Island, using a light trap installed at quays and wharves overnight. Monstrilla ilhoii sp. nov. is characterized by a remarkable combination of a large body size (females about 3.8 mm long, males about 2.8 mm long), a polygonal ridge pattern (cuticular reticulation) over the entire body surface, and an antennule armature featuring a supernumerary spiniform seta (4d<sub>3</sub>) in females and a dagger-shaped distal spine (6<sub>2</sub>) in both sexes...
October 11, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811787/prof-il-hoi-kim-a-tribute
#11
Rony Huys
Prof. Il-Hoi Kim was born during the Korean War on 28 February 1952 in Buan, North Jeolla Province (South Korea), near the coast of the Yellow Sea whose tidal flats would become one of his favourite sampling grounds during his scientific career. From an early age he developed an intense interest in natural history in general and marine biology in particular. He obtained his B.Sc. in 1974 at the Department of Biology Education, Gongju National College of Education. Between 1974 and 1976 he was conscripted into the South Korean military during which he progressed to the rank of lieutenant of artillery in the Reserve Officers' Training Corps (ROTC)...
October 11, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798020/optimum-a-protocol-for-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial-comparing-out-patient-talc-slurry-via-indwelling-pleural-catheter-for-malignant-pleural-effusion-vs-usual-inpatient-management
#12
P Sivakumar, A Douiri, A West, D Rao, G Warwick, T Chen, L Ahmed
INTRODUCTION: The development of malignant pleural effusion (MPE) results in disabling breathlessness, pain and reduced physical capability with treatment a palliative strategy. Ambulatory management of MPE has the potential to improve quality of life (QoL). The OPTIMUM trial is designed to determine whether full outpatient management of MPE with an indwelling pleural catheter (IPC) and pleurodesis improves QoL compared with traditional inpatient care with a chest drain and talc pleurodesis...
October 18, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788228/prevalence-of-plasmodium-falciparum-molecular-markers-of-antimalarial-drug-resistance-in-a-residual-malaria-focus-area-in-sabah-malaysia
#13
Nor Azrina Norahmad, Mohd Ridzuan Mohd Abd Razak, Noor Rain Abdullah, Umi Rubiah Sastu, Mallika Imwong, Prem Kumar Muniandy, Muhammad Nor Farhan Saat, Amirrudin Muhammad, Jenarun Jelip, Moizin Tikuson, Norsalleh Yusof, Christina Rundi, Rose Nani Mudin, Ami Fazlin Syed Mohamed
Chloroquine (CQ) and fansidar (sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine, SP) were widely used for treatment of Plasmodium falciparum for several decades in Malaysia prior to the introduction of Artemisinin-based Combination Therapy (ACT) in 2008. Our previous study in Kalabakan, located in south-east coast of Sabah showed a high prevalence of resistance to CQ and SP, suggesting the use of the treatment may no longer be effective in the area. This study aimed to provide a baseline data of antimalarial drug resistant markers on P...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766297/data-on-heavy-metal-in-coastal-sediments-from-south-east-coast-of-tamilnadu-india-using-energy-dispersive-x-ray-fluorescence-edxrf-technique
#14
J Chandramohan, G Senthilkumar, M Suresh Gandhi, R Ravisankar
This article contains the chemical and geographical data and figures for the chemical data in sediments of East Coast (Pattipulam to Dhevanampattinam) of Tamilnadu. The obtained data are related to the research article "Heavy Metal Assessment in Sediment Samples Collected From Pattipulam to Dhevanampattinam along the East Coast of Tamil Nadu Using EDXRF Technique" (Chandramohan et al., 2016) [1]. Chemical data are collected from Energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer (EDXRF). Furthermore, the obtained chemical data describes it in more detail in the figures...
December 2016: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737705/population-structure-and-dispersal-routes-of-an-invasive-parasite-fascioloides-magna-in-north-america-and-europe
#15
Ludmila Juhásová, Ivica Králová-Hromadová, Eva Bazsalovicsová, Gabriel Minárik, Jan Štefka, Peter Mikulíček, Lenka Pálková, Margo Pybus
BACKGROUND: Fascioloides magna (Trematoda: Fasciolidae) is an important liver parasite of a wide range of free-living and domestic ruminants; it represents a remarkable species due to its large spatial distribution, invasive character, and potential to colonize new territories. The present study provides patterns of population genetic structure and admixture in F. magna across all enzootic regions in North America and natural foci in Europe, and infers migratory routes of the parasite on both continents...
October 13, 2016: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697363/characterization-of-vibrio-parahaemolyticus-and-its-specific-phage-from%C3%A2-shrimp-pond-in-palk-strait-south-east-coast-of-india
#16
Nattan Stalin, Pappu Srinivasan
Phage therapy is an alternative and eco-friendly biocontrol agent to prevent and control multidrug resistant bacteria in the aquatic system. The aim of this study is to isolate and characterize the Vibrio parahaemolyticus and its potential lytic phage from Penaeus monodon growing-out by rearing in shrimp ponds in Palk Strait, South East coast of India. The conventional phenotypic characteristics and molecular identification was confirmed using 16S rRNA sequence and to determine the antibiotic resistant profiles...
November 2016: Biologicals: Journal of the International Association of Biological Standardization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677817/predicting-range-shift-success-potential-for-tropical-marine-fishes-using-external-morphology
#17
Shannen M Smith, Rebecca J Fox, Jennifer M Donelson, Megan L Head, David J Booth
With global change accelerating the rate of species' range shifts, predicting which are most likely to establish viable populations in their new habitats is key to understanding how biological systems will respond. Annually, in Australia, tropical fish larvae from the Great Barrier Reef (GBR) are transported south via the East Australian Current (EAC), settling into temperate coastal habitats for the summer period, before experiencing near-100% mortality in winter. However, within 10 years, predicted winter ocean temperatures for the southeast coast of Australia will remain high enough for more of these so-called 'tropical vagrants' to survive over winter...
September 2016: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671844/factors-controlling-the-origin-of-cochlodinium-polykrikoides-blooms-along-the-goheung-coast-south-korea
#18
Moon Ock Lee, Jong Kyu Kim, Byeong Kuk Kim
We investigated the factors influencing the origin of Cochlodinium polykrikoides blooms along the Goheung coast (GH), and compared them to those along the Geoje (GJ) coast and in the East China Sea (ECS) which were used as reference sites. Stratification did not develop in GH during C. polykrikoides blooms, unlike that in GJ. The surface salinity during summer in ECS was equivalent to that of GH, whereas surface temperature and concentration of nutrients in ECS were markedly higher than those in GH or GJ. Thermohaline (or thermal) fronts appeared between the Korea Southern Coastal Water (KSCW) and the outer seawater during C...
December 15, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667136/the-phylogeny-and-life-cycle-of-two-species-of-profilicollis-acanthocephala-polymorphidae-in-marine-hosts-off-the-pacific-coast-of-chile
#19
S M Rodríguez, G D'Elía, N Valdivia
Resolving complex life cycles of parasites is a major goal of parasitological research. The aim of this study was to analyse the life cycle of two species of the genus Profilicollis, the taxonomy of which is still unstable and life cycles unclear. We extracted individuals of Profilicollis from two species of crustaceans (intermediate hosts) and four species of seagulls (definitive hosts) from sandy-shore and estuarine habitats along the south-east Pacific coast of Chile. Mitochondrial DNA analyses showed that two species of Profilicollis infected intermediate hosts from segregated habitats: while P...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622552/tides-and-their-dynamics-over-the-sunda-shelf-of-the-southern-south-china-sea
#20
Farshid Daryabor, See Hai Ooi, Azizan Abu Samah, Abolghasem Akbari
A three-dimensional Regional Ocean Modelling System is used to study the tidal characteristics and their dynamics in the Sunda Shelf of the southern South China Sea. In this model, the outer domain is set with a 25 km resolution and the inner one, with a 9 km resolution. Calculations are performed on the inner domain. The model is forced at the sea surface by climatological monthly mean wind stress, freshwater (evaporation minus precipitation), and heat fluxes. Momentum and tracers (such as temperature and salinity) are prescribed in addition to the tidal heights and currents extracted from the Oregon State University TOPEX/Poseidon Global Inverse Solution (TPXO7...
2016: PloS One
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