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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846289/spatial-variability-in-condition-of-southern-rock-lobsters-jasus-edwardsii-at-the-start-of-the-tasmanian-fishing-season
#1
Tania Mendo, Cedric Simon, Bridget Green, Caleb Gardner
The southern rock lobster (Jasus edwardsii) industry in Australia favours red lobsters, which are usually caught in shallow waters, over paler (brindle) lobsters. This preference is driven partly by the Chinese market, where red is associated with luck and prosperity, and additionally, by the widely held perception within the industry that brindles have greater mortality rates during out of water transport than reds. Limited scientific evidence supports these industry observations; however, these studies did not evaluate the initial condition of lobsters...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832144/global-potential-distribution-of-bactrocera-carambolae-and-the-risks-for-fruit-production-in-brazil
#2
Cesar A Marchioro
The carambola fruit fly, Bactrocera carambolae, is a tephritid native to Asia that has invaded South America through small-scale trade of fruits from Indonesia. The economic losses associated with biological invasions of other fruit flies around the world and the polyphagous behaviour of B. carambolae have prompted much concern among government agencies and farmers with the potential spread of this pest. Here, ecological niche models were employed to identify suitable environments available to B. carambolae in a global scale and assess the extent of the fruit acreage that may be at risk of attack in Brazil...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811807/a-new-species-of-monstrilla-dana-1849-copepoda-monstrilloida-monstrillidae-from-korea-including-a-key-to-species-from-the-north-west-pacific
#3
Jimin Lee, Cheon Young Chang
A new species of monstrilloid copepod belonging to the genus Monstrilla Dana, 1849 is recorded from South Korea. Specimens were obtained between May of 2012 and January of 2014 from inshore waters along the coasts of the East Sea, South Sea, and Jeju Island, using a light trap installed at quays and wharves overnight. Monstrilla ilhoii sp. nov. is characterized by a remarkable combination of a large body size (females about 3.8 mm long, males about 2.8 mm long), a polygonal ridge pattern (cuticular reticulation) over the entire body surface, and an antennule armature featuring a supernumerary spiniform seta (4d<sub>3</sub>) in females and a dagger-shaped distal spine (6<sub>2</sub>) in both sexes...
October 11, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811787/prof-il-hoi-kim-a-tribute
#4
Rony Huys
Prof. Il-Hoi Kim was born during the Korean War on 28 February 1952 in Buan, North Jeolla Province (South Korea), near the coast of the Yellow Sea whose tidal flats would become one of his favourite sampling grounds during his scientific career. From an early age he developed an intense interest in natural history in general and marine biology in particular. He obtained his B.Sc. in 1974 at the Department of Biology Education, Gongju National College of Education. Between 1974 and 1976 he was conscripted into the South Korean military during which he progressed to the rank of lieutenant of artillery in the Reserve Officers' Training Corps (ROTC)...
October 11, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798020/optimum-a-protocol-for-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial-comparing-out-patient-talc-slurry-via-indwelling-pleural-catheter-for-malignant-pleural-effusion-vs-usual-inpatient-management
#5
P Sivakumar, A Douiri, A West, D Rao, G Warwick, T Chen, L Ahmed
INTRODUCTION: The development of malignant pleural effusion (MPE) results in disabling breathlessness, pain and reduced physical capability with treatment a palliative strategy. Ambulatory management of MPE has the potential to improve quality of life (QoL). The OPTIMUM trial is designed to determine whether full outpatient management of MPE with an indwelling pleural catheter (IPC) and pleurodesis improves QoL compared with traditional inpatient care with a chest drain and talc pleurodesis...
October 18, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788228/prevalence-of-plasmodium-falciparum-molecular-markers-of-antimalarial-drug-resistance-in-a-residual-malaria-focus-area-in-sabah-malaysia
#6
Nor Azrina Norahmad, Mohd Ridzuan Mohd Abd Razak, Noor Rain Abdullah, Umi Rubiah Sastu, Mallika Imwong, Prem Kumar Muniandy, Muhammad Nor Farhan Saat, Amirrudin Muhammad, Jenarun Jelip, Moizin Tikuson, Norsalleh Yusof, Christina Rundi, Rose Nani Mudin, Ami Fazlin Syed Mohamed
Chloroquine (CQ) and fansidar (sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine, SP) were widely used for treatment of Plasmodium falciparum for several decades in Malaysia prior to the introduction of Artemisinin-based Combination Therapy (ACT) in 2008. Our previous study in Kalabakan, located in south-east coast of Sabah showed a high prevalence of resistance to CQ and SP, suggesting the use of the treatment may no longer be effective in the area. This study aimed to provide a baseline data of antimalarial drug resistant markers on P...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766297/data-on-heavy-metal-in-coastal-sediments-from-south-east-coast-of-tamilnadu-india-using-energy-dispersive-x-ray-fluorescence-edxrf-technique
#7
J Chandramohan, G Senthilkumar, M Suresh Gandhi, R Ravisankar
This article contains the chemical and geographical data and figures for the chemical data in sediments of East Coast (Pattipulam to Dhevanampattinam) of Tamilnadu. The obtained data are related to the research article "Heavy Metal Assessment in Sediment Samples Collected From Pattipulam to Dhevanampattinam along the East Coast of Tamil Nadu Using EDXRF Technique" (Chandramohan et al., 2016) [1]. Chemical data are collected from Energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer (EDXRF). Furthermore, the obtained chemical data describes it in more detail in the figures...
December 2016: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737705/population-structure-and-dispersal-routes-of-an-invasive-parasite-fascioloides-magna-in-north-america-and-europe
#8
Ludmila Juhásová, Ivica Králová-Hromadová, Eva Bazsalovicsová, Gabriel Minárik, Jan Štefka, Peter Mikulíček, Lenka Pálková, Margo Pybus
BACKGROUND: Fascioloides magna (Trematoda: Fasciolidae) is an important liver parasite of a wide range of free-living and domestic ruminants; it represents a remarkable species due to its large spatial distribution, invasive character, and potential to colonize new territories. The present study provides patterns of population genetic structure and admixture in F. magna across all enzootic regions in North America and natural foci in Europe, and infers migratory routes of the parasite on both continents...
October 13, 2016: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697363/characterization-of-vibrio-parahaemolyticus-and-its-specific-phage-from%C3%A2-shrimp-pond-in-palk-strait-south-east-coast-of-india
#9
Nattan Stalin, Pappu Srinivasan
Phage therapy is an alternative and eco-friendly biocontrol agent to prevent and control multidrug resistant bacteria in the aquatic system. The aim of this study is to isolate and characterize the Vibrio parahaemolyticus and its potential lytic phage from Penaeus monodon growing-out by rearing in shrimp ponds in Palk Strait, South East coast of India. The conventional phenotypic characteristics and molecular identification was confirmed using 16S rRNA sequence and to determine the antibiotic resistant profiles...
September 30, 2016: Biologicals: Journal of the International Association of Biological Standardization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677817/predicting-range-shift-success-potential-for-tropical-marine-fishes-using-external-morphology
#10
Shannen M Smith, Rebecca J Fox, Jennifer M Donelson, Megan L Head, David J Booth
With global change accelerating the rate of species' range shifts, predicting which are most likely to establish viable populations in their new habitats is key to understanding how biological systems will respond. Annually, in Australia, tropical fish larvae from the Great Barrier Reef (GBR) are transported south via the East Australian Current (EAC), settling into temperate coastal habitats for the summer period, before experiencing near-100% mortality in winter. However, within 10 years, predicted winter ocean temperatures for the southeast coast of Australia will remain high enough for more of these so-called 'tropical vagrants' to survive over winter...
September 2016: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671844/factors-controlling-the-origin-of-cochlodinium-polykrikoides-blooms-along-the-goheung-coast-south-korea
#11
Moon Ock Lee, Jong Kyu Kim, Byeong Kuk Kim
We investigated the factors influencing the origin of Cochlodinium polykrikoides blooms along the Goheung coast (GH), and compared them to those along the Geoje (GJ) coast and in the East China Sea (ECS) which were used as reference sites. Stratification did not develop in GH during C. polykrikoides blooms, unlike that in GJ. The surface salinity during summer in ECS was equivalent to that of GH, whereas surface temperature and concentration of nutrients in ECS were markedly higher than those in GH or GJ. Thermohaline (or thermal) fronts appeared between the Korea Southern Coastal Water (KSCW) and the outer seawater during C...
September 23, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667136/the-phylogeny-and-life-cycle-of-two-species-of-profilicollis-acanthocephala-polymorphidae-in-marine-hosts-off-the-pacific-coast-of-chile
#12
S M Rodríguez, G D'Elía, N Valdivia
Resolving complex life cycles of parasites is a major goal of parasitological research. The aim of this study was to analyse the life cycle of two species of the genus Profilicollis, the taxonomy of which is still unstable and life cycles unclear. We extracted individuals of Profilicollis from two species of crustaceans (intermediate hosts) and four species of seagulls (definitive hosts) from sandy-shore and estuarine habitats along the south-east Pacific coast of Chile. Mitochondrial DNA analyses showed that two species of Profilicollis infected intermediate hosts from segregated habitats: while P...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622552/tides-and-their-dynamics-over-the-sunda-shelf-of-the-southern-south-china-sea
#13
Farshid Daryabor, See Hai Ooi, Azizan Abu Samah, Abolghasem Akbari
A three-dimensional Regional Ocean Modelling System is used to study the tidal characteristics and their dynamics in the Sunda Shelf of the southern South China Sea. In this model, the outer domain is set with a 25 km resolution and the inner one, with a 9 km resolution. Calculations are performed on the inner domain. The model is forced at the sea surface by climatological monthly mean wind stress, freshwater (evaporation minus precipitation), and heat fluxes. Momentum and tracers (such as temperature and salinity) are prescribed in addition to the tidal heights and currents extracted from the Oregon State University TOPEX/Poseidon Global Inverse Solution (TPXO7...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610324/nutrients-and-phytoplankton-dynamics-in-the-fishing-grounds-off-tiruchendur-coastal-waters-gulf-of-mannar-india
#14
J Selvin Pitchaikani, A P Lipton
Nutrients and phytoplankton dynamics in the traditional fishing grounds off Tiruchendur coast, Gulf of Mannar, India revealed a clear seasonal trend influenced by prevailing monsoon system in east coast of India. A total of 73 species of phytoplankton were identified from the fishing grounds, revealed higher abundance in summer months compared to other seasons. Among the three stations, maximum phytoplankton abundance was recorded in station 2 followed by stations 1 and 3. The phytoplankton abundance ranged from 2...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587233/bioindicator-role-of-tintinnid-protozoa-ciliophora-for-water-quality-monitoring-in-kalpakkam-tamil-nadu-south-east-coast-of-india
#15
Dibyendu Rakshit, Gouri Sahu, Ajit Kumar Mohanty, Kamala Kanta Satpathy, M P Jonathan, K Murugan, Santosh Kumar Sarkar
The feasibility of a potential bioindicator based on functional groups of microzooplankton tintinnids for bioassessments of water quality status was studied during southwest monsoon (June to September) along the coastal waters of Kalpakkam, India during 2012-2015. The work highlights the following features (1) tintinnid community composed of 28 species belonging to 11 genera and 9 families, revealed significant differences among the four study sites (2) maximum numerical abundance (2224±90ind. l(-1)) and species diversity (H'=2...
August 29, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27523592/a-survey-of-the-distribution-of-the-pkd-parasite-tetracapsuloides-bryosalmonae-cnidaria-myxozoa-malacosporea-in-salmonids-in-norwegian-rivers-additional-information-gleaned-from-formerly-collected-fish
#16
T A Mo, A Jørgensen
The malacosporean Tetracapsuloides bryosalmonae was detected in kidneys from Atlantic salmon parr in 64 of 91 sampled Norwegian rivers. Using real-time PCR, this parasite was found to be present in Atlantic salmon parr in rivers along the whole coast, from the northernmost and southernmost areas of the country. In addition, T. bryosalmonae was found in kidneys from brown trout parr in 17 of 19 sampled rivers in south-east Norway, and in Arctic charr sampled in the River Risfjordelva, located at the northernmost edge of the European mainland...
August 15, 2016: Journal of Fish Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513665/structure-of-benthic-communities-along-the-taiwan-latitudinal-gradient
#17
Lauriane Ribas-Deulofeu, Vianney Denis, Stéphane De Palmas, Chao-Yang Kuo, Hernyi Justin Hsieh, Chaolun Allen Chen
The distribution and the structure of benthic assemblages vary with latitude. However, few studies have described benthic communities along large latitudinal gradients, and patterns of variation are not fully understood. Taiwan, lying between 21.90°N and 25.30°N, is located at the center of the Philippine-Japan arc and lies at the northern margin of coral reef development. A wide range of habitats is distributed along this latitudinal gradient, from extensive fringing coral reefs at the southern coast to non-reefal communities at the north...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512519/draft-genome-sequence-of-carotenoid-producing-yellow-pigmented-planococcus-maritimus-mku009
#18
Ashok Ganapathy, Sridhar Jayavel, Sivakumar Natesan
Planococcus maritimus MKU009 is a Gram positive cocci and a moderate halophilic bacterium isolated from marine water of Pichavaram, South East Coast of India. Here we report the draft genome of Planococcus maritimus MKU009 with a total size of 3,251,644 bp with N50 value of 1681571 bp. The overall G+C content of the genome was 47.27%. The carotenoid producing crtN, crtB, crtP and crtI genes were located within the first contig of the genome assembly. This genome source will provide insights into functional genomics of carotenoid production and metabolic engineering...
2016: Journal of Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27503076/empirical-monotherapy-with-meropenem-or-combination-therapy-the-microbiological-point-of-view
#19
P Garcinuño, M Santibañez, L Gimeno, A Sánchez-Bautista, J Coy, J Sánchez-Paya, V Boix, E Merino, J Portilla, J C Rodríguez
The increase in the number of clinical isolates of multiresistant Enterobacteriaceae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa raises problems in decision-making on empirical treatments for severe Gram-negative bacilli-associated infections. The aim of our study is to determine the resistance of meropenem in our setting and the co-resistance of a combination of this compound with two antibiotics from different families: amikacin and ciprofloxacin. Between 2009 and 2013, a total of 81,310 clinical isolates belonging to the main species of Enterobacteriaceae and 39,191 clinical isolates of P...
November 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27476034/a-combined-proteomic-and-transcriptomic-analysis-of-slime-secreted-by-the-southern-bottletail-squid-sepiadarium-austrinum-cephalopoda
#20
Nikeisha J Caruana, Ira R Cooke, Pierre Faou, Julian Finn, Nathan E Hall, Mark Norman, Sandy S Pineda, Jan M Strugnell
UNLABELLED: Sepiadarium austrinum, the southern bottletail squid, is a small squid that inhabits soft sediments along Australia's south-east coast. When provoked, it rapidly secretes large volumes of slime, presumably as a form of chemical defense. We analyzed the proteomic composition of this slime using tandem mass spectrometry and transcriptomics and found that it was remarkably complex with 1735 identified protein groups (FDR:0.01). To investigate the chemical defense hypothesis we performed an Artemia toxicity assay and used sequence analysis to search for toxin-like molecules...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Proteomics
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