keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Caustics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533917/management-of-esophageal-caustic-injury
#1
EDITORIAL
Mark Anthony A De Lusong, Aeden Bernice G Timbol, Danny Joseph S Tuazon
Ingestion of caustic substances and its long-term effect on the gastrointestinal system maintain its place as an important public health issue in spite of the multiple efforts to educate the public and contain its growing number. This is due to the ready availability of caustic agents and the loose regulatory control on its production. Substances with extremes of pH are very corrosive and can create severe injury in the upper gastrointestinal tract. The severity of injury depends on several aspects: Concentration of the substance, amount ingested, length of time of tissue contact, and pH of the agent...
May 6, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533657/esophagitis-and-its-causes-who-is-guilty-when-acid-is-found-not-guilty
#2
EDITORIAL
Laurino Grossi, Antonio Francesco Ciccaglione, Leonardo Marzio
Esophagitis is mainly a consequence of gastroesophageal reflux disease, one of the most common diseases affecting the upper digestive tract. However the esophageal mucosa can also be targeted by some infectious, systemic or chemical conditions. Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is an immune-mediated inflammatory disease, characterized by eosinophilic infiltration in the mucosa. Esophageal localization of Crohn's disease is not very common, but it should always be considered in patients with inflammatory bowel disease complaining of upper digestive tract symptoms...
May 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523486/esophagectomy-with-esophagocoloplasty-for-malignancies-indications-technique-with-video-and-results-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#3
Paolo Aurello, Niccolo' Petrucciani, Dario Sirimarco, Livia Maria Mangogna, Giuseppe Nigri, Stefano Valabrega, Francesco D'Angelo, Giovanni Ramacciato
INTRODUCTION: Esophagocoloplasty represents a useful technique to restore the intestinal continuity after esophagogastrectomy. This technique has been used mainly after esophagogastric caustic injuries. The aim of this review is to assess the role of esophagogastrectomy with esophagocoloplasty for esophageal or gastric neoplasms. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed using Embase, Medline, Cochrane, and PubMed databases to identify all studies published in the previous 25 years (1991-2016) reporting cases of esophagocoloplasty after esophagogastrectomy for malignancies...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502435/caustic-ingestions-and-foreign-bodies-ingestions-in-pediatric-patients
#4
REVIEW
Jacob A Kurowski, Marsha Kay
Children inevitably swallow foreign material accidentally or intentionally. Each type of ingestion carries their own set of risks and complications, short and long term, some requiring immediate attention while others close monitoring. Alkalotic household cleaning products and lithium button batteries are increasingly common and damage the esophagus quickly. While many toys with rare-earth metals are banned, they are already present in many households and can cause necrosis of bowel that is between the magnets...
June 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492712/lugol-s-iodine-chromoendoscopy-versus-narrow-band-image-enhanced-endoscopy-for-the-detection-of-esophageal-cancer-in-patients-with-stenosis-secondary-to-caustic-corrosive-agent-ingestion
#5
Caterina Maria Pia Simoni Pennachi, Diogo Turiani Hourneaux de Moura, Renato Bastos Pimenta Amorim, Hugo Gonçalo Guedes, Vivek Kumbhari, Eduardo Guimarães Hourneaux de Moura
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of corrosion cancer should be suspected in patients with corrosive ingestion if after a latent period of negligible symptoms there is development of dysphagia, or poor response to dilatation, or if respiratory symptoms develop in an otherwise stable patient of esophageal stenosis. Narrow Band Imaging detects superficial squamous cell carcinoma more frequently than white-light imaging, and has significantly higher sensitivity and accuracy compared with white-light...
May 8, 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489832/caustic-ingestion-in-children-in-south-of-iran-retrospective-study-from-shiraz-iran
#6
Naser Honar, Mahmood Haghighat, Samaneh Mahmoodi, Hazhir Javaherizadeh, Gholamreza Kalvandi, Mohammad Salimi
Caustic ingestion is a major health concern in both developed and developing countries, that may lead to serious esophageal injury. The clinical presentation of caustic ingestion in children vary from asymptomatic to serious and fatal sequelae, such as perforation and stricture formation. OBJECTIVE: Due to the lack of a comprehensive study in our area, this study has evaluated clinical and endoscopic manifestations and complications of caustic ingestion in children in south of Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, we reviewed 75 children with caustic ingestion who admitted in Nemazee Hospital of Shiraz University of Medical Science during 6 years (2006-2011)...
January 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482300/recovery-of-nutrients-n-p-k-from-potassium-rich-sludge-anaerobic-digestion-side-streams-by-integration-of-a-hybrid-sorption-membrane-ultrafiltration-process-use-of-powder-reactive-sorbents-as-nutrient-carriers
#7
Mehrez Hermassi, Cèsar Valderrama, Oriol Gibert, Natalia Moreno, Xavier Querol, Narjès Harrouch Batis, Jose Luis Cortina
Here, an alternative nutrient (N-P-K) recovery route from potassium-rich sludge anaerobic digestion side-streams using powder reactive sorbents (PRSs) is presented. In the first step, the optimum PRS system was determined in batch experiments with mixtures of: a) a sodium zeolite (NaP1) to facilitate the NH4(+) and K(+) sorption; b) a Ca-zeolite (CaP1) to facilitate the removal of P by formation of Ca-phosphates (e.g., CaHPO4(s)), and c) caustic magnesia containing mixtures of MgO to facilitate the formation of Mg/NH4/PO4 minerals (e...
May 5, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475747/role-of-early-endoscopic-evaluation-in-decreasing-morbidity-mortality-and-cost-after-caustic-ingestion-a-retrospective-nationwide-database-analysis
#8
A Abbas, T S Brar, A Zori, D S Estores
Caustic substance ingestion (CSI) is a serious medical problem with potentially devastating short- and long-term consequences. Early upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (EaEn) is recommended to evaluate the extent of injury and guide management but there has been controversy about the timing. There is no nationwide study evaluating adherence to EaEn and outcomes following CSI.Nationwide Inpatient Sample database 2003-2011 was used to identify all-age, nonreferral, urgent/emergent admissions with E-International Classification of Diseases Ninth Revision codes for CSI...
June 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472833/relook-endoscopy-predicts-the-development-of-esophageal-and-antropyloric-stenosis-better-than-immediate-endoscopy-in-patients-with-caustic-ingestion
#9
Rakesh Kochhar, Munish Ashat, Yalaka Rami Reddy, Narender Dhaka, Manish Manrai, Saroj K Sinha, Usha Dutta, Thakur D Yadav, Vikas Gupta
Background and aims Early ( < 24 hours) esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) is used to prognosticate mucosal injury after caustic ingestion. We aimed to compare differences in endoscopic grading on EGDs performed on day 5 and day 1 and to assess the impact of relook endoscopy findings on the development of esophageal and/or antropyloric cicatrization. Patients and methods Consecutive patients admitted within 24 hours of caustic ingestion between 2009 and 2014 underwent EGD and had their mucosal changes graded...
May 4, 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469698/the-impact-of-preoperative-etiology-on-emergent-pancreaticoduodenectomy-for-non-traumatic-patients
#10
Chun-Yi Tsai, Bo-Ru Lai, Shang-Yu Wang, Chien-Hung Liao, Yu-Yin Liu, Shih-Ching Kang, Chun-Nan Yeh, Yi-Yin Jan, Ta-Sen Yeh
BACKGROUND: Emergent pancreaticoduodenectomy is a life-saving procedure in certain clinical scenarios when all the conservative treatment fails. The indications can be limited into perforation and bleeding. To clarify the impact of etiology on surgical outcomes of emergent pancreaticoduodenectomy for non-trauma, we analyzed our patients and performed a literature review. METHODS: We reviewed 931 consecutive pancreaticoduodenectomies performed at our institute between January 2001 and July 2015...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464657/modeling-and-observations-of-an-elevated-moving-infrasonic-source-eigenray-methods
#11
Philip Blom, Roger Waxler
The acoustic ray tracing relations are extended by the inclusion of auxiliary parameters describing variations in the spatial ray coordinates and eikonal vector due to changes in the initial conditions. Computation of these parameters allows one to define the geometric spreading factor along individual ray paths and assists in identification of caustic surfaces so that phase shifts can be easily identified. A method is developed leveraging the auxiliary parameters to identify propagation paths connecting specific source-receiver geometries, termed eigenrays...
April 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459061/patients-admitted-to-three-spanish-intensive-care-units-for-poisoning-type-of-poisoning-mortality-and-functioning-of-prognostic-scores-commonly-used
#12
María Esther Banderas-Bravo, Maria Dolores Arias-Verdú, Ines Macías-Guarasa, Eduardo Aguilar-Alonso, Encarnación Castillo-Lorente, Lucia Pérez-Costillas, Raquel Gutierrez-Rodriguez, Guillermo Quesada-García, Ricardo Rivera-Fernández
Objectives. To evaluate the gravity and mortality of those patients admitted to the intensive care unit for poisoning. Also, the applicability and predicted capacity of prognostic scales most frequently used in ICU must be evaluated. Methods. Multicentre study between 2008 and 2013 on all patients admitted for poisoning. Results. The results are from 119 patients. The causes of poisoning were medication, 92 patients (77.3%), caustics, 11 (9.2%), and alcohol, 20 (16,8%). 78.3% attempted suicides. Mean age was 44...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451845/reflux-esophagitis-and-its-role-in-the-pathogenesis-of-barrett-s-metaplasia
#13
REVIEW
Rhonda Frances Souza
Reflux esophagitis damages the squamous epithelium that normally lines the esophagus, and promotes replacement of the damaged squamous lining by the intestinal metaplasia of Barrett's esophagus, the precursor of esophageal adenocarcinoma. Therefore, to prevent the development of Barrett's metaplasia and esophageal adenocarcinoma, the pathogenesis of reflux esophagitis must be understood. We have reported that reflux esophagitis, both in a rat model and in humans, develops as a cytokine-mediated inflammatory injury (i...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447968/protective-effects-of-ursodeoxycholic-acid-in-experimental-corrosive-esophagitis-injury-in-rats
#14
Adem Ku Çu K, Naci Topaloglu, Sule Yildirim, Mustafa Tekin, Mesut Erbas, Hasan Ali Kiraz, Havva Erdem, Aybars Özkan
Accidental caustic ingestions are serious medical problems especially in childhood. Various treatment modalities are being used for the complications of caustic injuries such as stricture formation. The aim of this study is to establish whether ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) has protective effects on experimental corrosive esophagitis in rats. Twenty four Wistar-albino rats, weighing 220-240 g, were used in the study. Experimental animals were divided in three groups randomly: UDCA treatment group (Group T, n:8), control group (Group K, n: 8) and sham group (Group S, n: 8)...
2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444489/biodegradable-stents-for-caustic-esophageal-strictures-do-they-work
#15
Rakesh Kochhar, Jayanta Samanta, Jahangeer Basha, Abhai Verma, Gourdas Choudhuri, Sundeep Lakhtakia, D Nageshwar Reddy
Biodegradable (BD) stents have been used for the management of various esophageal strictures (ES) but the experience of its use in caustic strictures is limited. The present study, aimed at evaluating efficacy of BD stents for the treatment of refractory caustic-induced ES, was a retrospective multi-center study conducted at three tertiary care centers in India wherein adult patients with refractory caustic induced strictures underwent placement of a BD stent. Patients were followed up for immediate complications and long term outcome...
April 25, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439202/a-rare-complication-of-esophageal-dilatation-brain-abscess
#16
Nagehan Aslan, Esra Sesli, Tuba Koca, Nilgün Şenol, Mustafa Akçam
Brain abscess is an uncommon serious disease, which has been reported as a rare complication of repeated esophageal dilations; however, routine periprocedural antibiotic prophylaxis is not currently recommended. Herein, we present a brain abscess that developed after esophageal dilatation for the treatment of induced caustic esophageal strictures. The clinical presentation is non-specific, the most reported signs are high fever and neurologic findings. Cases have been reported in the literature in adult and pediatric patients...
March 2017: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416064/-evaluation-and-treatment-of-patients-after-caustic-ingestion
#17
Peter Jacobsen, Inge Boetker Rasmussen Ifaoui, Jesper Ravn, Kristian H Bork, Pierre Osland Viala, Niels Erik Ebbehøj
This article presents recommendations regarding early management of patients after intake of corrosive chemicals, based on best evidence and clinical experience. Risk assessment built on clinical history, presentation and endoscopy is discussed as well as initial treatment, surgical appraisal and observation. Controversy still surrounds the need for endoscopy in asymptomatic patients, the use of computed tomography in assessing the severity of lesions as well as pharmacological treatment for preventing strictures...
April 17, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380757/programmable-freeform-optical-elements
#18
Martin Bawart, Stefan Bernet, Monika Ritsch-Marte
Modern liquid crystal spatial light modulators (SLMs) are capable of shifting the optical path length by some microns, which corresponds to phase shifts of several multiples of 2π. We use this capability to display freeform optical elements (FOEs) on a SLM, as largely smooth phase variations with only a small number of wrapping lines. These FOEs can be programmed to generate so-called caustic intensity distributions, which may be real images reconstructed at a selected position in front of the SLM surface...
March 6, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371514/bi-layer-silk-fibroin-grafts-support-functional-esophageal-repair-in-a-rodent-model-of-caustic-injury
#19
Khalid Algarrahi, Debra Franck, Alyssa Savarino, Vivian Cristofaro, Xuehui Yang, Saif Affas, Frank-Mattias Schäfer, Maryrose P Sullivan, Carlos R Estrada, Joshua R Mauney
Surgical repair of caustic esophageal injuries with autologous gastrointestinal segments is often associated with dysmotility, dysphagia, and donor site morbidity and therefore alternative graft options are needed. Bi-layer silk fibroin (BLSF) scaffolds were assessed for their ability to support functional restoration of damaged esophageal tissues in a rat model of onlay esophagoplasty. Transient exposure of isolated esophageal segments with 40% NaOH led to corrosive esophagitis and a 91% reduction in the luminal cross-sectional area of damaged sites...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363542/alkalization-of-dissolving-cellulose-pulp-with-highly-concentrated-caustic-at-low-naoh-stoichiometric-excess
#20
Diana Carolina Albán Reyes, András Gorzsás, Kjell Stridh, Paul de Wit, Ola Sundman
We present a quantitative study, using Raman spectroscopy combined with multivariate data analysis, to determine the degree of activation of softwood sulphite dissolving cellulose pulp by aqueous sodium hydroxide. We have chosen industrially relevant conditions, including low stoichiometric ratio of NaOH/Anhydroglucose Unit (AGU)<2 and highly concentrated caustic (≥45% w/w [NaOH]). A design of experiments is used to investigate the effects of simultaneous variation of a set of key parameters on the degree of activation (i...
June 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
keyword
keyword
116483
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"