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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911065/-gastric-tube-esophagoplasty-using-the-retroesternal-route-in-children
#1
L García Martínez, J A Molino Gahete, S Redecillas Ferreiro, E Bordón Cabrera, J Bueno Recio, G Guillén Burrieza, C Giné Prades, A Lara Valtueña, J Lloret Roca
INTRODUCTION: Esophageal replacement is a surgical alternative once native esophagus can't be preserved. Different organs and routes for the replacement have been described, being the retroesternal route the least used. The aim is to present our results using gastric tube esophagoplasty with a retroesternal approach. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective and descriptive study of 11 patients operated from 2000 to 2015. Median age at surgery was 2.2 years (5 months-9 years) and median weight was 11...
January 25, 2016: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908051/internal-tides-and-deep-diel-fades-in-acoustic-intensity
#2
Andrew W White, Frank S Henyey, Rex K Andrew, James A Mercer, Peter F Worcester, Matthew A Dzieciuch, John A Colosi
A mechanism is presented by which the observed acoustic intensity is made to vary due to changes in the acoustic path that are caused by internal-tide vertical fluid displacements. The position in range and depth of large-scale caustic structure is determined by the background sound-speed profile. Internal tides cause a deformation of the background profile, changing the positions of the caustic structures-which can introduce intensity changes at a distant receiver. Gradual fades in the acoustic intensity occurring over timescales similar to those of the tides were measured during a low-frequency (284-Hz) acoustic scattering experiment in the Philippine Sea in 2009 [White et al...
November 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872426/gastric-tube-esophageal-reconstruction-in-children-with-esophageal-atresia-and-caustic-stricture-study-of-clinical-value-based-on-25-years-single-centre-experience
#3
Maja Milickovic, Djordje Savic, Blagoje Grujic, Aleksandar Vlahovic, Miroslav Vukadin, Mila Stajevic, Vladimir Kojovic
AIM: The aim of this study was estimation of clinical value of gastric tube esophagoplasty in children based on one single center experience. METHODS: Forty - nine patients with diagnosis of EA (n=22) and caustic esophageal injury (n=27) had undergone reverse gastric tube esophagoplasty during 25 years at our institution. Almost all EA patients received initially gastrostomy and cervical esophagostomy. Majority of CS patients had initially repeated dilatation therapy...
November 21, 2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859311/basic-mechanism-of-button-battery-ingestion-injuries-and-novel-mitigation-strategies-after-diagnosis-and-removal
#4
Kris R Jatana, Keith Rhoades, Scott Milkovich, Ian N Jacobs
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Button battery (BB) injuries continue to be a significant source of morbidity and mortality, and there is a need to confirm the mechanism of injury for development of additional mitigation strategies. STUDY DESIGN: Cadaveric piglet esophageal model. METHODS: Lithium, silver oxide, alkaline, and zinc-air BBs were placed in thawed sections of cadaveric piglet esophagus, bathed in normal saline. Severity of gross visual burn, pH, and temperature were recorded every 30 minutes for 6 hours...
November 9, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858433/spin-wave-power-flow-and-caustics-in-ultrathin-ferromagnets-with-the-dzyaloshinskii-moriya-interaction
#5
Joo-Von Kim, Robert L Stamps, Robert E Camley
The Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction in ultrathin ferromagnets can result in nonreciprocal propagation of spin waves. We examine theoretically how spin wave power flow is influenced by this interaction. We show that the combination of the dipole-dipole and Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions can result in unidirectional caustic beams in the Damon-Eshbach geometry. Morever, self-generated interface patterns can also be induced from a point-source excitation.
November 4, 2016: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853393/acute-abdomen-as-a-consequence-of-an-unusual-suicide-attempt-intra-abdominal-injection-of-sulfuric-acid
#6
Anna Lepore, Davide D'Antini, Pasquale Raimondo, Lucia Mirabella, Leonardo Pennisi, Giuseppe Carrillo, Antonella Cotoia, Michele Dambrosio, Gilda Cinnella
Caustic ingestion is a common cause of life-threatening upper gastrointestinal tract injuries. It mostly happens in children as accidental exposure, but may occur in adults as a result of suicide attempt. We present a case of an acute abdomen that occurred after a peculiar way of self-administration of sulfuric acid as a suicide attempt in an adult psychiatric male patient, already known for self-harm with caustic agents in the previous years. In a few hours, the patient developed diffuse peritonitis, pneumoperitoneum, and a rapid hemodynamic deterioration, as a consequence of ileum and sigmoid necrosis, requiring an emergency surgery with the application of a damage control strategy...
2016: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824744/enterovaginal-or-vesicovaginal-fistula-control-using-a-silicone-cup
#7
Katie W Russell, Ryan E Robinson, Mary C Mone, Courtney L Scaife
BACKGROUND: An enterovaginal or vesicovaginal fistula is a complication resulting in vaginal discharge of succus, urine, or stool that can lead to significant complications. For low-volume fistulae, tampons or pads may be used. With high-volume fistulae, frequent product change can be painful and unpredictable in terms of efficacy. The psychologic distress is profound. Surgery may not be an option, making symptom control the priority. INSTRUMENT: We report the use of a reusable menstrual silicone vaginal cup placed to divert and contain drainage...
December 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821338/electrochemical-acidification-of-kraft-black-liquor-by-electrodialysis-with-bipolar-membrane-ion-exchange-membrane-fouling-identification-and-mechanisms
#8
Maryam Haddad, Sergey Mikhaylin, Laurent Bazinet, Oumarou Savadogo, Jean Paris
Integrated forest biorefinery offers promising pathways to sustainably diversify the revenue of pulp and paper industry. In this context, lignin can be extracted from a residual stream of Kraft pulping process, called black liquor, and subsequently converted into a wide spectrum of bio-based products. Electrochemical acidification of Kraft black liquor by electrodialysis with bipolar membrane results in lignin extraction and caustic soda production. Even though the implementation of this method requires less chemicals than the chemical acidification process, fouling of the ion exchange membranes and especially bipolar membrane impairs its productivity...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820735/consequences-of-extracellular-trap-formation-in-sepsis
#9
Xian M O'Brien, Bethany M Biron, Jonathan S Reichner
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review will focus on in-vivo findings derived from animal models of sepsis regarding the trapping role of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) which is difficult to assess ex vivo. The NETotic response of neutrophils at sites of sterile injury or autoimmune disease is destructive as no antimicrobial advantage to the host is realized and dampening NETosis is largely beneficial. In early stages of local infection or in sepsis, the trapping function of NETs may help abscess formation and limit microbial dissemination...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810604/corrigendum-to-esophageal-remnant-cancer-35-years-after-acidic-caustic-injury-a-case-report-int-j-surg-case-rep-25-2016-215-217
#10
Ioannis Ntanasis-Stathopoulos, Tania Triantafyllou, Vasiliki Xiromeritou, Nikolaos Bliouras, Chriso Loizou, Dimitrios Theodorou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 27, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803770/update-on-endoscopic-management-of-gastric-outlet-obstruction-in-children
#11
REVIEW
Hsun-Chin Chao
Endoscopic balloon dilatation (EBD) and surgical intervention are two most common and effective treatments for gastric outlet obstruction. Correction of gastric outlet obstruction without the need for surgery is an issue that has been tried to be resolved in these decades; this management has developed with EBD, advanced treatments like local steroid injection, electrocauterization, and stent have been added recently. The most common causes of pediatric gastric outlet obstruction are idiopathic hypertrophic pyloric stenosis, peptic ulcer disease followed by the ingestion of caustic substances, stenosis secondary to surgical anastomosis; antral web, duplication cyst, ectopic pancreas, and other rare conditions...
October 16, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773332/pad-ultrasonic-batch-dyeing-of-causticized-lyocell-fabric-with-reactive-dyes
#12
Aijaz Ahmed Babar, Mazhar Hussain Peerzada, Abdul Khalique Jhatial, Noor-Ul-Ain Bughio
Conventionally, cellulosic fabric dyed with reactive dyes requires significant amount of salt. However, the dyeing of a solvent spun regenerated cellulosic fiber is a critical process. This paper presents the dyeing results of lyocell fabrics dyed with conventional pad batch (CPB) and pad ultrasonic batch (PUB) processes. The dyeing of lyocell fabrics was carried out with two commercial dyes namely Drimarine Blue CL-BR and Ramazol Blue RGB. Dyeing parameters including concentration of sodium hydroxide, sodium carbonate and dwell time were compared for the two processes...
January 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768086/a-non-invasive-and-technically-non-intensive-method-for-induction-and-phenotyping-of-experimental-bacterial-pneumonia-in-mice
#13
Jennifer H Madenspacher, Michael B Fessler
Although community-acquired pneumonia remains a major public health problem, murine models of bacterial pneumonia have recently facilitated significant preclinical advances in our understanding of the underlying cellular and molecular pathogenesis. In vivo mouse models capture the integrated physiology and resilience of the host defense response in a manner not revealed by alternative, simplified ex vivo approaches. Several methods have been described in the literature for intrapulmonary inoculation of bacteria in mice, including aerosolization, intranasal delivery, peroral endotracheal cannulation under 'blind' and visualized conditions, and transcutaneous endotracheal cannulation...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757390/caustic-ingestion-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Mandana Rafeey, Morteza Ghojazadeh, Saeede Sheikhi, Leila Vahedi
Introduction: Caustic ingestion that occurs accidently is one of the most common problems in children. Methods: This systematic review has been performed by searching the databases including Science Direct, ProQuest, Google Scholar, and PubMed. A strategic search was performed with keywords including caustic, corrosive, ingestion, and children, and was limited to articles in English and Persian. Data were analyzed using Comprehensive Meta-Analysis2 and PASW Statistics 18. Results: We selected 64 articles regarding caustic ingestion with a total sample of 11,345 cases...
September 2016: Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749042/corrosion-resistance-of-ald-generated-amorphous-thin-films
#15
Michael Dale Anderson, Brad Aitchison, David C Johnson
Atomic layer deposition (ALD) was used to prepare amorphous thin films of Al2O3, Nb2O5, and Ta2O5 on both silicon substrates and aluminum blocks. Etch rates in 10M NH4OH were determined from X-ray reflectometry data collected as a function of time. Amorphous Al2O3 thin films were found to have an etch rate of 0.5 nm min-1 and an increase in roughness of ~ 0.01 nm min-1. Electron microscopy data showed etch pits, consistent with the increase in roughness. Amorphous Nb2O5 and Ta2O5 films showed no appreciable etching or roughening over the course of a ~ 500 hour continuous immersion...
October 17, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738603/corrosive-esophagitis-with-benzalkonium-chloride-in-a-two-days-old-neonate
#16
Hasret Ayyildiz Civan, Didem Gulcu, Tulay Erkan
Benzalkonium chloride (BAC) is a caustic agent which is used in farms, homes and hospitals for cleaning skin and wounds as an antiseptic solution. It may lead to digestive system injuries in case of ingestion. We present a two-days-old newborn case which was carried to the emergency unit with complaints of poor breastfeeding, uneasiness and crying for 4-6 hours. Her mom confessed that she had given a spoon of 10% BAC solution for her cough. Initial laboratory tests were in normal ranges. A gastroscopy performed in the second hour of her admission revealed an hyperemic and edematous mucosa in the middle third of esophagus and a circumferential ulceration followed in the distal portion...
September 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716764/-use-of-corticosteroids-in-esophagitis-caustic-ingestion-report-of-two-cases
#17
Alexis José Ormeño Julca
Exposure to potentially toxic substances represents 0.3% of annual visits to a pediatric emergency department, being a situation likely to be prevented and that generates a non-negligible morbidity and mortality. The most common route of exposure is the oral and drugs are the products most frequently involved. Esophagitis caustic ingestion of corrosive substances in childhood is now a public health problem in developing countries. Clinical manifestations vary from no injuries serious commitment to high risk of death observed more frequently in patients between one and three years old...
July 2016: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713737/development-of-a-method-to-determine-the-effectiveness-of-cleaning-agents-in-removal-of-biofilm-derived-spores-in-milking-system
#18
Ievgeniia Ostrov, Avraham Harel, Solange Bernstein, Doron Steinberg, Moshe Shemesh
Microbial damages caused by biofilm forming bacteria in the dairy industry are a fundamental threat to safety and quality of dairy products. In order to ensure the optimal level of equipment hygiene in the dairy industry, it is necessary to determine the biofilm removal efficiency of cleaning agents used for cleaning-in-place (CIP) procedures. However, currently there is no standard method available for evaluating and comparing cleaning agents for use in CIP procedures in the dairy industry under realistic conditions...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708180/mid-esophagus-columnar-metaplasia-what-is-the-biopathogenic-pathway
#19
Inês Rolim, Rita Vale Rodrigues, António Bettencourt, Rita Barros, Vânia Camilo, António Dias Pereira, Raquel Almeida, Paula Chaves
We report a case of metaplastic columnar epithelium in the mid-esophagus in a patient with history of caustic ingestion. A cardiac-type gastric phenotype, with early signs of intestinalization, was confirmed by immunohistochemistry studies (MUC5AC, MUC6, SOX2, and CDX2). Nonmetaplastic mucosa had histologic evidence of gastroesophageal reflux. In this case, esophageal reepithelization seems to have been modulated by acidic gastroesophageal reflux, which might activate transcription factors leading to phenotypic reprogramming of the regenerative epithelium...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708100/ballistic-miniband-conduction-in-a-graphene-superlattice
#20
Menyoung Lee, John R Wallbank, Patrick Gallagher, Kenji Watanabe, Takashi Taniguchi, Vladimir I Fal'ko, David Goldhaber-Gordon
Rational design of long-period artificial lattices yields effects unavailable in simple solids. The moiré pattern in highly aligned graphene/hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) heterostructures is a lateral superlattice with high electron mobility and an unusual electronic dispersion whose miniband edges and saddle points can be reached by electrostatic gating. We investigated the dynamics of electrons in moiré minibands by measuring ballistic transport between adjacent local contacts in a magnetic field, known as the transverse electron focusing effect...
September 30, 2016: Science
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