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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638427/colopharyngoplasty-in-patients-with-severe-pharyngoesophageal-corrosive-injury-a-complicated-but-worthwhile-procedure-to-restore-gi-tract-continuity-a-case-series
#1
Mahdi Zangi, Seyed Reza Saghebi, Ali Biharas Monfared, Seyedamirmohammad Lajevardi, Mohammad Behgam Shadmehr
BACKGROUND: Pharyngoesophageal strictures (PES) after corrosive injury impose a problematic condition for both physicians and patients in terms of their management and patients' quality of life. Colopharyngoplasty is a complex procedure, which is used to restore swallowing in these severely disabled patients. We describe our experience in treating nine patients with severe PES after corrosive injuries in a referral center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of our database from 2009 to 2014 showed nine patients (seven men; age range: 18 to 47 years) with severe PES who underwent colopharyngoplasty ∼6 months (range: 4-10) after caustic material ingestion...
2017: Tanaffos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607662/clinical-and-endoscopic-findings-of-children-hospitalized-in-qa-em-hospital-of-mashhad-due-to-caustic-ingestion-2011-2013
#2
Alireza Sabzevari, Gholamali Maamouri, Mohammad Ali Kiani, Masumeh Saeidi, Hamidreza Kianifar, Seyed Ali Jafari, Hamid Ahanchian, Lida Jarahi, Elham Roudi, Mohammad Sharafkhani
INTRODUCTION: One of the leading causes of damage to the gastrointestinal tract in children is caustic ingestion which is sometimes life-threatening. The most reliable way to study the severity and extent of damage is endoscopy, which can be harmless in terms of time and technique. The aim of this study was to investigate, evaluate and compare clinical findings and endoscopic results of caustic ingestion. METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted on the records of children diagnosed with caustic ingestion, and hospitalized in Qa'em Hospital of Mashhad from March 2011 to December 2013...
April 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595247/mohs-melanoma-chemosurgery-simplified-to-a-single-brief-caustic-application-possible-vaccine-effect
#3
Norman A Brooks
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 6, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592929/le-ciment-br%C3%A3-le-toujours
#4
T Lebreton, M Fontaine, R Le Floch
Cement burn is a common cause of chemical burns in France. They usually need surgical treatment. This retrospective study was performed among 49 patients, aged 21-71 years, admitted to the St Joseph-St Luc Hospital in Lyon, France. Patients were mainly male, fairly young (mean 44 years) and had a professional activity, although burns usually occurred at home. Burns were deep, on the lower limbs, and were not extensive (3% TBS). All but one patient needed grafting, performed on d13. LOS was eight days. Seven patients had to be admitted to a rehabilitation centre afterwards...
March 31, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587747/flexible-endoscopic-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-esophageal-stenosis-in-children-with-noninvasive-ventilation-support
#5
Kao-Hsian Hsieh, Wen-Jue Soong, Mei-Jy Jeng, Yu-Sheng Lee, Pei-Chen Tsao, Ya-Ling Chou
BACKGROUND: Esophageal stenosis (ES) is characterized by dysphagia, failure to thrive, and long-term disability. It requires repeated management because it is refractory. Traditionally, these procedures are performed under general anesthesia with airway intubation. PURPOSE: This study investigated the safety and efficacy of the management of interventional flexible endoscopy (IFE) performed with a novel noninvasive ventilation (NIV) support. METHODS: Use of a short-length flexible endoscope with NIV of pharyngeal oxygen, nose closure, and abdominal compression during IFE was investigated...
May 10, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584232/inhibition-of-steel-corrosion-and-alkaline-zinc-oxide-dissolution-by-dicarboxylate-bola-amphiphiles-self-assembly-supersedes-host-guest-conception
#6
Dirk Schmelter, Arthur Langry, Andrej Koenig, Patrick Keil, Fabrice Leroux, Horst Hintze-Bruening
For many decorative applications like industrial and architectural paints, prevention of metal substrates from corrosion is a primary function of organic coatings. Triggered release of inhibitor species is generally accepted as a remedy for starting corrosion in case of coatings damage. A polyurethane based coating, doped with bola-amphiphiles of varying molecular weight but with a common head group motif that stems from ring-opened alkenyl succinic anhydride, enables passivation of the defect and mitigates cathodic delamination, if applied on cold rolled steel...
June 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578235/simultaneous-use-of-caustic-and-oxygen-for-efficient-sulfide-control-in-sewers
#7
Hui-Wen Lin, Yang Lu, Ramon Ganigué, Keshab R Sharma, Korneel Rabaey, Zhiguo Yuan, Ilje Pikaar
Periodic caustic shock-loading is a commonly used method for sulfide control in sewers. Caustic shock-loading relies on the elevation of the sewage pH to ≥10.5 for several hours, thereby removing sewer pipe biofilms as well as deactivating SRB activity in the remaining biofilm. Although a widely used method, SRB activity is often not completely inhibited, and as such sulfide is still being generated. Here, we propose and experimentally demonstrate an innovative approach which combines caustic with oxygen, another commonly used method, as a dosing strategy for overcoming the drawbacks of caustic shock-loading...
June 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554258/investigation-of-transient-forms-of-sulfur-during-biological-treatment-of-spent-caustic
#8
Hamed Kalantari, Mohsen Nosrati, Seyed Abbas Shojaosadati, Mahmoud Shavandi
In the present study, the production of various transient forms of sulfur during biological oxidation of sulfidic spent caustics under haloalkaline conditions in a stirred tank bioreactor is investigated. Also, the effects of abiotic aeration (chemical oxidation), dissolved oxygen (DO) concentration and sodium concentration on forms of sulfur during biological treatment are demonstrated. Thioalkalivibrio versutus strain was used for sulfide oxidation in spent caustic (SC). The aeration had an important effect on sulfide oxidation and its final products...
June 14, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551190/clinical-trial-of-local-anesthetic-protocols-for-acute-pain-associated-with-caustic-paste-disbudding-in-dairy-calves
#9
Charlotte B Winder, Stephen J LeBlanc, Derek B Haley, Kerry D Lissemore, M Ann Godkin, Todd F Duffield
Caustic paste disbudding is becoming more commonplace in North America. A large body of work has examined pain control for cautery disbudding and surgical dehorning, but fewer studies have evaluated pain control for caustic paste disbudding, and results conflict regarding benefits of local anesthesia. In humans, the pain associated with a caustic, chemical burn can differ in nature, duration, and intensity compared with a thermal burn. The objective of this clinical trial was to evaluate the effects of either a lidocaine cornual nerve block or a topical anesthetic incorporated into caustic paste on the acute pain of caustic paste disbudding...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550877/caustic-ingestion-in-children-a-review
#10
Marion Arnold, Alp Numanoglu
Various domestic or industrial chemicals may cause significant upper aerodigestive tract burns. Preventive measures should be up-scaled, especially in the developing world, to reduce the epidemic of accidental victims, largely unsupervised preschool children. External signs do not predict degree of injury. Non-invasive diagnostic screening includes radio-nuclear imaging, but early oesophago-gastroduodenoscopy remains the standard to predict stricture formation from circumferential submucosal scarring. Serial dilation is the mainstay of oesophageal stricture therapy, with oesophageal replacement reserved for severe refractory strictures...
April 2017: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533917/management-of-esophageal-caustic-injury
#11
EDITORIAL
Mark Anthony A De Lusong, Aeden Bernice G Timbol, Danny Joseph S Tuazon
Ingestion of caustic substances and its long-term effect on the gastrointestinal system maintain its place as an important public health issue in spite of the multiple efforts to educate the public and contain its growing number. This is due to the ready availability of caustic agents and the loose regulatory control on its production. Substances with extremes of pH are very corrosive and can create severe injury in the upper gastrointestinal tract. The severity of injury depends on several aspects: Concentration of the substance, amount ingested, length of time of tissue contact, and pH of the agent...
May 6, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533657/esophagitis-and-its-causes-who-is-guilty-when-acid-is-found-not-guilty
#12
EDITORIAL
Laurino Grossi, Antonio Francesco Ciccaglione, Leonardo Marzio
Esophagitis is mainly a consequence of gastroesophageal reflux disease, one of the most common diseases affecting the upper digestive tract. However the esophageal mucosa can also be targeted by some infectious, systemic or chemical conditions. Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is an immune-mediated inflammatory disease, characterized by eosinophilic infiltration in the mucosa. Esophageal localization of Crohn's disease is not very common, but it should always be considered in patients with inflammatory bowel disease complaining of upper digestive tract symptoms...
May 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523486/esophagectomy-with-esophagocoloplasty-for-malignancies-indications-technique-with-video-and-results-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#13
Paolo Aurello, Niccolo' Petrucciani, Dario Sirimarco, Livia Maria Mangogna, Giuseppe Nigri, Stefano Valabrega, Francesco D'Angelo, Giovanni Ramacciato
INTRODUCTION: Esophagocoloplasty represents a useful technique to restore the intestinal continuity after esophagogastrectomy. This technique has been used mainly after esophagogastric caustic injuries. The aim of this review is to assess the role of esophagogastrectomy with esophagocoloplasty for esophageal or gastric neoplasms. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed using Embase, Medline, Cochrane, and PubMed databases to identify all studies published in the previous 25 years (1991-2016) reporting cases of esophagocoloplasty after esophagogastrectomy for malignancies...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502435/caustic-ingestions-and-foreign-bodies-ingestions-in-pediatric-patients
#14
REVIEW
Jacob A Kurowski, Marsha Kay
Children inevitably swallow foreign material accidentally or intentionally. Each type of ingestion carries their own set of risks and complications, short and long term, some requiring immediate attention while others close monitoring. Alkalotic household cleaning products and lithium button batteries are increasingly common and damage the esophagus quickly. While many toys with rare-earth metals are banned, they are already present in many households and can cause necrosis of bowel that is between the magnets...
June 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492712/lugol-s-iodine-chromoendoscopy-versus-narrow-band-image-enhanced-endoscopy-for-the-detection-of-esophageal-cancer-in-patients-with-stenosis-secondary-to-caustic-corrosive-agent-ingestion
#15
Caterina Maria Pia Simoni Pennachi, Diogo Turiani Hourneaux de Moura, Renato Bastos Pimenta Amorim, Hugo Gonçalo Guedes, Vivek Kumbhari, Eduardo Guimarães Hourneaux de Moura
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of corrosion cancer should be suspected in patients with corrosive ingestion if after a latent period of negligible symptoms there is development of dysphagia, or poor response to dilatation, or if respiratory symptoms develop in an otherwise stable patient of esophageal stenosis. Narrow Band Imaging detects superficial squamous cell carcinoma more frequently than white-light imaging, and has significantly higher sensitivity and accuracy compared with white-light...
May 8, 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489832/caustic-ingestion-in-children-in-south-of-iran-retrospective-study-from-shiraz-iran
#16
Naser Honar, Mahmood Haghighat, Samaneh Mahmoodi, Hazhir Javaherizadeh, Gholamreza Kalvandi, Mohammad Salimi
Caustic ingestion is a major health concern in both developed and developing countries, that may lead to serious esophageal injury. The clinical presentation of caustic ingestion in children vary from asymptomatic to serious and fatal sequelae, such as perforation and stricture formation. OBJECTIVE: Due to the lack of a comprehensive study in our area, this study has evaluated clinical and endoscopic manifestations and complications of caustic ingestion in children in south of Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, we reviewed 75 children with caustic ingestion who admitted in Nemazee Hospital of Shiraz University of Medical Science during 6 years (2006-2011)...
January 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482300/recovery-of-nutrients-n-p-k-from-potassium-rich-sludge-anaerobic-digestion-side-streams-by-integration-of-a-hybrid-sorption-membrane-ultrafiltration-process-use-of-powder-reactive-sorbents-as-nutrient-carriers
#17
Mehrez Hermassi, Cèsar Valderrama, Oriol Gibert, Natalia Moreno, Xavier Querol, Narjès Harrouch Batis, Jose Luis Cortina
Here, an alternative nutrient (N-P-K) recovery route from potassium-rich sludge anaerobic digestion side-streams using powder reactive sorbents (PRSs) is presented. In the first step, the optimum PRS system was determined in batch experiments with mixtures of: a) a sodium zeolite (NaP1) to facilitate the NH4(+) and K(+) sorption; b) a Ca-zeolite (CaP1) to facilitate the removal of P by formation of Ca-phosphates (e.g., CaHPO4(s)), and c) caustic magnesia containing mixtures of MgO to facilitate the formation of Mg/NH4/PO4 minerals (e...
December 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475747/role-of-early-endoscopic-evaluation-in-decreasing-morbidity-mortality-and-cost-after-caustic-ingestion-a-retrospective-nationwide-database-analysis
#18
A Abbas, T S Brar, A Zori, D S Estores
Caustic substance ingestion (CSI) is a serious medical problem with potentially devastating short- and long-term consequences. Early upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (EaEn) is recommended to evaluate the extent of injury and guide management but there has been controversy about the timing. There is no nationwide study evaluating adherence to EaEn and outcomes following CSI.Nationwide Inpatient Sample database 2003-2011 was used to identify all-age, nonreferral, urgent/emergent admissions with E-International Classification of Diseases Ninth Revision codes for CSI...
June 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472833/relook-endoscopy-predicts-the-development-of-esophageal-and-antropyloric-stenosis-better-than-immediate-endoscopy-in-patients-with-caustic-ingestion
#19
Rakesh Kochhar, Munish Ashat, Yalaka Rami Reddy, Narender Dhaka, Manish Manrai, Saroj K Sinha, Usha Dutta, Thakur D Yadav, Vikas Gupta
Background and aims Early ( < 24 hours) esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) is used to prognosticate mucosal injury after caustic ingestion. We aimed to compare differences in endoscopic grading on EGDs performed on day 5 and day 1 and to assess the impact of relook endoscopy findings on the development of esophageal and/or antropyloric cicatrization. Patients and methods Consecutive patients admitted within 24 hours of caustic ingestion between 2009 and 2014 underwent EGD and had their mucosal changes graded...
May 4, 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469698/the-impact-of-preoperative-etiology-on-emergent-pancreaticoduodenectomy-for-non-traumatic-patients
#20
Chun-Yi Tsai, Bo-Ru Lai, Shang-Yu Wang, Chien-Hung Liao, Yu-Yin Liu, Shih-Ching Kang, Chun-Nan Yeh, Yi-Yin Jan, Ta-Sen Yeh
BACKGROUND: Emergent pancreaticoduodenectomy is a life-saving procedure in certain clinical scenarios when all the conservative treatment fails. The indications can be limited into perforation and bleeding. To clarify the impact of etiology on surgical outcomes of emergent pancreaticoduodenectomy for non-trauma, we analyzed our patients and performed a literature review. METHODS: We reviewed 931 consecutive pancreaticoduodenectomies performed at our institute between January 2001 and July 2015...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
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