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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677651/effect-of-precursor-on-antifouling-efficacy-of-vertically-oriented-graphene-nanosheets
#1
Karthika Prasad, Chaturanga D Bandara, Shailesh Kumar, Gurinder Pal Singh, Bastian Brockhoff, Kateryna Bazaka, Kostya Ken Ostrikov
Antifouling efficacy of graphene nanowalls, i.e., substrate-bound vertically-oriented graphene nanosheets, has been demonstrated against biofilm-forming Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Where graphene nanowalls are typically prepared using costly high-temperature synthesis from high-purity carbon precursors, large-scale applications demand efficient, low-cost processes. The advancement of plasma enabled synthesis techniques in the production of nanomaterials has opened a novel and effective method for converting low-cost natural waste resources to produce nanomaterials with a wide range of applications...
July 4, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673867/a-semi-continuous-process-based-on-an-epbr-for-the-production-of-eps-using-trichocoleus-sociatus
#2
Dorina Strieth, Julia Schwing, Stephan Kuhne, Michael Lakatos, Kai Muffler, Roland Ulber
Biodiversity forms the basis for a large pool of potential products and productive organisms offered by terrestrial cyanobacteria. They are stuck together by EPS (extracellular polymeric substances) that can obtain antiviral, antibacterial or anti-inflammatory substances. Most stress conditions, e.g. drought, induce the production of protective EPS or biotechnological-products for pharmaceutical application. However, the growth of a phototrophic biofilm is limited under submerged conditions. Therefore, a semi-continuous process to produce EPS by cyanobacteria was developed in an aerosol-based ePBR (emerse photobioreactor) that imitates the natural habitat of terrestrial cyanobacteria...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648294/tolerance-development-in-listeria-monocytogenes-escherichia-coli-dual-species-biofilms-after-sublethal-exposures-to-pronase-benzalkonium-chloride-combined-treatments
#3
Pedro Rodríguez-López, Marta López Cabo
This study was designed to assess the effects that sublethal exposures to pronase (PRN) and benzalkonium chloride (BAC) combined treatments have on Listeria monocytogenes-Escherichia coli dual-species biofilms grown on stainless steel in terms of tolerance development (TD) to these compounds. Additionally, fluorescence microscopy was used to observe the changes of the biofilm structure. PRN-BAC exposure was carried out using three different approaches and TD was evaluated treating biofilms with a final 100 μg/ml PRN followed by 50 μg/ml BAC combined treatment...
October 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629757/bacterial-biofilm-based-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infections-causative-pathogens-and-antibiotic-resistance
#4
Nargis Sabir, Aamer Ikram, Gohar Zaman, Luqman Satti, Adeel Gardezi, Abeera Ahmed, Parvez Ahmed
BACKGROUND: We sought to determine the incidence of bacterial biofilm-based catheter-associated urinary tract infections, identify variables affecting biofilm formation, and identify etiologic bacterial pathogens and antibiotic-resistance patterns associated with biofilm-based catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) in our setup. METHODS: Patients who developed at least 2 symptoms of urinary tract infection after at least 2 days of indwelling urinary catheters were included...
June 16, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617343/study-of-the-relation-between-the-resonance-behavior-of-thickness-shear-mode-tsm-sensors-and-the-mechanical-characteristics-of-biofilms
#5
Pedro Castro, Luis Elvira, Juan Ramón Maestre, Francisco Montero de Espinosa
This work analyzes some key aspects of the behavior of sensors based on piezoelectric Thickness Shear Mode (TSM) resonators to study and monitor microbial biofilms. The operation of these sensors is based on the analysis of their resonance properties (both resonance frequency and dissipation factor) that vary in contact with the analyzed sample. This work shows that different variations during the microorganism growth can be detected by the sensors and highlights which of these changes are indicative of biofilm formation...
June 15, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603699/crispr-interference-crispri-inhibition-of-luxs-gene-expression-in-e-coli-an-approach-to-inhibit-biofilm
#6
Azna Zuberi, Lama Misba, Asad U Khan
Biofilm is a sessile bacterial accretion embedded in self-producing matrix. It is the root cause of about 80% microbial infections in human. Among them, E. coli biofilms are most prevalent in medical devices associated nosocomial infections. The objective of this study was to inhibit biofilm formation by targeting gene involved in quorum sensing, one of the main mechanisms of biofilm formation. Hence we have introduced the CRISPRi, first time to target luxS gene. luxS is a synthase, involved in the synthesis of Autoinducer-2(AI-2), which in turn guides the initial stage of biofilm formation...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588134/the-rcs-regulated-colanic-acid-capsule-maintains-membrane-potential-in-salmonella-enterica-serovar-typhimurium
#7
Jasmine M Pando, Joyce E Karlinsey, Jimmie C Lara, Stephen J Libby, Ferric C Fang
The Rcs phosphorelay and Psp (phage shock protein) systems are envelope stress responses that are highly conserved in gammaproteobacteria. The Rcs regulon was found to be strongly induced during metal deprivation of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium lacking the Psp response. Nineteen genes activated by the RcsA-RcsB response regulator make up an operon responsible for the production of colanic acid capsular polysaccharide, which promotes biofilm development. Despite more than half a century of research, the physiological function of colanic acid has remained elusive...
June 6, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573605/inhibitory-effect-of-biosynthesized-silver-nanoparticles-from-extract-of-nitzschia-palea-against-curli-mediated-biofilm-of-escherichia-coli
#8
Rajamohamed Beema Shafreen, Siddharthan Seema, Abdulazees Parveez Ahamed, Nooruddin Thajuddin, Sulaiman Ali Alharbi
Extended spectrum beta lactamase (ESBL) are emerging beta-lactamases in Gram-negative pathogens, causing serious problems in hospitalized patients worldwide. Biofilm mode of virulence has decreased the efficiency of antibiotics used for treatment against ESBL pathogens. Therefore, there is an urgent need for alternative agents such as nanoparticles that can prevent and inhibit the biofilm formation. The aim of the present study was to inhibit the biofilm formed by ESBL-producing Escherichia coli using silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) synthesized with fresh water diatom (Nitzschia palea)...
June 1, 2017: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542913/reduction-of-escherichia-coli-o157-h7-in-biofilms-using-bacteriophage-bpeco-19
#9
Mohammad Sadekuzzaman, Sungdae Yang, Md Furkanur Rahaman Mizan, Sang-Do Ha
Biofilm formation is a growing concern in the food industry. Escherichia coli O157:H7 is one of the most important foodborne pathogens that can persists in food and food-related environments and subsequently produce biofilms. The efficacy of bacteriophage BPECO 19 was evaluated against three E. coli O157:H7 strains in biofilms. Biofilms of the three E. coli O157:H7 strains were grown on abiotic (stainless steel, rubber, and minimum biofilm eradication concentration [MBEC(TM) ] device) and biotic (lettuce) surfaces at different temperatures...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542593/lack-of-the-pga-exopolysaccharide-in-salmonella-as-an-adaptive-trait-for-survival-in-the-host
#10
Maite Echeverz, Begoña García, Amaia Sabalza, Jaione Valle, Toni Gabaldón, Cristina Solano, Iñigo Lasa
Many bacteria build biofilm matrices using a conserved exopolysaccharide named PGA or PNAG (poly-β-1,6-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine). Interestingly, while E. coli and other members of the family Enterobacteriaceae encode the pgaABCD operon responsible for PGA synthesis, Salmonella lacks it. The evolutionary force driving this difference remains to be determined. Here, we report that Salmonella lost the pgaABCD operon after the divergence of Salmonella and Citrobacter clades, and previous to the diversification of the currently sequenced Salmonella strains...
May 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542503/biofilm-microenvironment-induces-a-widespread-adaptive-amino-acid-fermentation-pathway-conferring-strong-fitness-advantage-in-escherichia-coli
#11
Sylvie Létoffé, Sabina Chalabaev, José Dugay, Franziska Stressmann, Bianca Audrain, Jean-Charles Portais, Fabien Letisse, Jean-Marc Ghigo
Bacterial metabolism has been studied primarily in liquid cultures, and exploration of other natural growth conditions may reveal new aspects of bacterial biology. Here, we investigate metabolic changes occurring when Escherichia coli grows as surface-attached biofilms, a common but still poorly characterized bacterial lifestyle. We show that E. coli adapts to hypoxic conditions prevailing within biofilms by reducing the amino acid threonine into 1-propanol, an important industrial commodity not known to be naturally produced by Enterobacteriaceae...
May 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526271/an-in-vitro-urinary-catheterization-model-that-approximates-clinical-conditions-for-evaluation-of-innovations-to-prevent-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infections
#12
R Y R Chua, K Lim, S S J Leong, P A Tambyah, B Ho
BACKGROUND: Catheter associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI) account for about 25% of nosocomial infections globally and often result in increased morbidity and healthcare costs. An added concern is the presence of microbial biofilms which are major reservoirs of bacteria, especially antibiotic resistant bacteria, in catheters. Since the practice of the closed drainage system, innovations to combat CAUTI have not produced significant improvements in clinical outcomes. The lack of a robust laboratory platform to test new CAUTI preventive strategies may impede development of novel technologies...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505288/effect-of-different-antibiotics-on-biofilm-produced-by-uropathogenic-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-children-with-urinary-tract-infection
#13
María José González, Luciana Robino, Victoria Iribarnegaray, Pablo Zunino, Paola Scavone
Recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) occur frequently in children and women. Intracellular bacterial communities (IBCs) and biofilm formation by Escherichia coli are risk factors for recurrence. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different antibiotics on biofilms by E. coli strains isolated from children with UTI and to correlate virulence factors and IBCs with biofilm formation. A total of 116 E. coli strains were tested for biofilm formation using the crystal violet microplate technique...
June 1, 2017: Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494209/antibiotic-resistance-virulence-factors-and-biofilm-formation-ability-in-escherichia-coli-strains-isolated-from-chicken-meat-and-wildlife-in-the-czech-republic
#14
Silvie Pavlickova, Anja Klancnik, Magda Dolezalova, Sonja Smole Mozina, Ivan Holko
Attachment of pathogenic bacteria to food contact surfaces and the subsequent biofilm formation represent a serious threat for the food industry, since these bacteria are more resistant to antimicrobials or possess more virulence factors. The main aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between antibiotic resistance against 13 antibiotics, distribution of 10 virulence factors and biofilm formation in 105 Escherichia coli strains according to their origin. The high prevalence of antibiotic resistance that we have found in wildlife isolates could be acquired by horizontal transfer of resistance genes from human or domestic or farm animals...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458663/h-ns-mutation-mediated-crispr-cas-activation-inhibits-phage-release-and-toxin-production-of-escherichia-coli-stx2-phage-lysogen
#15
Qiang Fu, Shiyu Li, Zhaofei Wang, Wenya Shan, Jingjiao Ma, Yuqiang Cheng, Hengan Wang, Yaxian Yan, Jianhe Sun
Shiga toxin-converting bacteriophages (Stx phages) carry the stx gene and convert nonpathogenic bacterial strains into Shiga toxin-producing bacteria. There is limited understanding of the effect that an Escherichia coli (E. coli) clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-Cas adaptive immune system has on Stx phage lysogen. We investigated heat-stable nucleoid-structuring (H-NS) mutation-mediated CRISPR-Cas activation and its effect on E. coli Stx2 phage lysogen. The Δhns mutant (MG1655Δhns) of the E...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439262/turn-up-the-heat-food-and-clinical-escherichia-coli-isolates-feature-two-transferrable-loci-of-heat-resistance
#16
Erik J Boll, Roger Marti, Henrik Hasman, Søren Overballe-Petersen, Marc Stegger, Kim Ng, Susanne Knøchel, Karen A Krogfelt, Joerg Hummerjohann, Carsten Struve
Heat treatment is a widely used process to reduce bacterial loads in the food industry or to decontaminate surfaces, e.g., in hospital settings. However, there are situations where lower temperatures must be employed, for instance in case of food production such as raw milk cheese or for decontamination of medical devices such as thermo-labile flexible endoscopes. A recently identified locus of heat resistance (LHR) has been shown to be present in and confer heat resistance to a variety of Enterobacteriaceae, including Escherichia coli isolates from food production settings and clinical ESBL-producing E...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416858/study-on-e-coli-and-salmonella-biofilms-from-fresh-fruits-and-vegetables
#17
Balagopal Amrutha, Kothandapani Sundar, Prathapkumar Halady Shetty
Foodborne outbreaks associated with fresh fruits and vegetables are on the rise worldwide. Biofilm formation is one of the important traits of pathogens making them strongly attached to substrates as well as express virulence phenotypes. Present study investigates the biofilm forming ability of E. coli and Salmonella sp. isolated from fresh fruits and vegetables. A total of 53 strains, including 35 E. coli and 18 Salmonella sp. isolated from different fruit and vegetable samples were taken into account for the study...
April 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412552/copper-containing-mesoporous-bioactive-glass-nanoparticles-as-multifunctional-agent-for-bone-regeneration
#18
Alessandra Bari, Nora Bloise, Sonia Fiorilli, Giorgia Novajra, Maria Vallet-Regí, Giovanna Bruni, Almudena Torres-Pardo, José M González-Calbet, Livia Visai, Chiara Vitale-Brovarone
The application of mesoporous bioactive glasses (MBGs) containing controllable amount of different ions, with the aim to impart antibacterial activity, as well as stimulation of osteogenesis and angiogenesis, is attracting an increasing interest. In this contribution, in order to endow nano-sized MBG with additional biological functions, the framework of a binary SiO2-CaO mesoporous glass was modified with different concentrations of copper ions (2 and 5%mol.), through a one-pot ultrasound-assisted sol-gel procedure...
April 12, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410367/nitric-oxide-charged-catheters-as-a-potential-strategy-for-prevention-of-hospital-acquired-infections
#19
David Margel, Mark Mizrahi, Gili Regev-Shoshani, Mary Ko, Maya Moshe, Rachel Ozalvo, Liat Shavit-Grievink, Jack Baniel, Daniel Kedar, Ofer Yossepowitch, David Lifshitz, Andrei Nadu, David Greenberg, Yossef Av-Gay
BACKGROUND: Catheter-Associated Hospital-Acquired Infections (HAI's) are caused by biofilm-forming bacteria. Using a novel approach, we generated anti-infective barrier on catheters by charging them with Nitric Oxide (NO), a naturally-produced gas molecule. NO is slowly released from the catheter upon contact with physiological fluids, and prevents bacterial colonization and biofilm formation onto catheter surfaces. AIMS AND METHODS: The aim of the study was to assess the anti-infective properties of NO-charged catheters exposed to low concentration (up to 103 CFU/ml) of microbial cells in-vitro...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389540/acid-evolution-of-escherichia-coli-k-12-eliminates-amino-acid-decarboxylases-and-reregulates-catabolism
#20
Amanda He, Stephanie R Penix, Preston J Basting, Jessie M Griffith, Kaitlin E Creamer, Dominic Camperchioli, Michelle W Clark, Alexandra S Gonzales, Jorge Sebastian Chávez Erazo, Nadja S George, Arvind A Bhagwat, Joan L Slonczewski
Acid-adapted strains of Escherichia coli K-12 W3110 were obtained by serial culture in medium buffered at pH 4.6 (M. M. Harden, A. He, K. Creamer, M. W. Clark, I. Hamdallah, K. A. Martinez, R. L. Kresslein, S. P. Bush, and J. L. Slonczewski, Appl Environ Microbiol 81:1932-1941, 2015, https://doi.org/10.1128/AEM.03494-14). Revised genomic analysis of these strains revealed insertion sequence (IS)-driven insertions and deletions that knocked out regulators CadC (acid induction of lysine decarboxylase), GadX (acid induction of glutamate decarboxylase), and FNR (anaerobic regulator)...
June 15, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
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