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biofilm producing E. coli

Quintin Borgersen, David T Bolick, Glynis L Kolling, Matthew Aijuka, Fernando Ruiz-Perez, Richard L Guerrant, James P Nataro, Araceli E Santiago
Enteroaggregative E. coli (EAEC) is associated with food-borne outbreaks of diarrhea and growth faltering among children in developing countries. A Shiga toxin-producing EAEC strain of serotype O104:H4 strain caused one of the largest outbreaks of a food-borne infection in Europe in 2011. The outbreak was traced to contaminated fenugreek sprouts, yet the mechanisms whereby such persistent contamination of sprouts could have occurred are not clear. We found that under ambient conditions of temperature and in minimal media, pathogenic Shiga toxin-producing EAEC O104:H4 227-11 and non-Shiga toxin-producing 042 strains both produce high levels of exopolysaccharide structures (EPS) that are released to the external milieu...
March 15, 2018: Gut Microbes
Preeti Verma, Vijay Veer Saharan, Surendra Nimesh, Arvind Pratap Singh
AIMS: The present study was designed to assess the phenotypic traits and virulence determinants of vegetables/fruits-origin E. coli and Salmonella strains. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 520 fresh vegetables/fruits samples were analyzed for the presence of E. coli, including Shiga-toxin producing E. coli (STEC), and Salmonella. The vegetables/fruits-origin E. coli and Salmonella strains were further assessed for antimicrobial resistance, biofilm formation, extracellular matrix production, and in-vitro invasion/intracellular survivability assays...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Applied Microbiology
Chetan Swaroop, Mukul Shukla
This study is aimed at producing biofilms by reinforcement of Magnesium Oxide (MgO) nanoparticles in polylactic acid (PLA) biopolymer using the solvent casting method. In this study MgO nanoparticles (up to 4 wt%) were reinforced in PLA biopolymer and their key mechanical, barrier, thermal and antibacterial properties were investigated for food packaging applications. Among the prepared biocomposite films, the 2 wt% reinforced PLA films showed the maximum improvement in tensile strength and oxygen barrier properties (up to 29% and 25% respectively) in comparison to pristine PLA films...
February 27, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Anna M Duraj-Thatte, Pichet Praveschotinunt, Trevor R Nash, Frederick R Ward, Neel S Joshi
Extracellular appendages play a significant role in mediating communication between bacteria and their host. Curli fibers are a class of bacterial fimbria that is highly amenable to engineering. We demonstrate the use of engineered curli fibers to rationally program interactions between bacteria and components of the mucosal epithelium. Commensal E. coli strains were engineered to produce recombinant curli fibers fused to the trefoil family of human cytokines. Biofilms formed from these strains bound more mucins than those producing wild-type curli fibers, and modulated mucin rheology as well...
February 22, 2018: Scientific Reports
F Khattak, V Paschalis, M Green, J G M Houdijk, P Soultanas, J Mahdavi
Reducing Campylobacter spp. carriage in poultry is challenging, but essential to control this major cause of human bacterial gastroenteritis worldwide. Although much is known about the mechanisms and route of Campylobacter spp. colonization in poultry, the literature is scarce on antibiotic-free solutions to combat Campylobacter spp. colonization in poultry. In vitro and in vivo studies were conducted to investigate the role of TYPLEX® Chelate (ferric tyrosine), a novel feed additive, in inhibiting Campylobacter jejuni (C...
February 15, 2018: Poultry Science
C Luz, J Calpe, F Saladino, Fernando B Luciano, M Fernandez-Franzón, J Mañes, G Meca
ɛ-Poly-l-lysine (ɛ-PL) is a cationic peptide with a broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity. This study investigates the use of ɛ-PL as natural antimicrobial to inhibit fungal growth and to reduce aflatoxins (AFs) production. Antifungal activity of starch biofilms with different concentrations of ɛ-Poly-l-lysine (ɛ-PL) was determined in solid medium against Aspergillus parasiticus (AFs producer) and Penicillium expansum . Then, biofilms were tested as antimicrobial devices for the preservation of bread loaf inoculated with A...
January 2018: Journal of Food Processing and Preservation
Steven G Biesecker, Lauren K Nicastro, R Paul Wilson, Çağla Tükel
Escherichia coli strains may be beneficial or pathogenic. Many E. coli strains that cause human disease, especially those responsible for bacteremia and sepsis, express virulence factors that impart resistance to the complement system. The bacterial amyloid curli functions in bacterial adherence and enhances the formation of biofilms. Survival of curli-producing parental and curli-deficient mutant E. coli in the context of a human complement response was evaluated using an in vivo murine model of bacteremia...
January 24, 2018: Biomolecules
Michelle M Gerst, Mustafa Yesil, Ahmed E Yousef
Bacillus velezensis OSY-S3 produces anti-Listeria, anti-Escherichia coli, and antifungal compounds. Additionally, fermentate of B. velezensis OSY-S3 culture removes Staphylococcus aureus biofilms effectively. The draft genome sequence of B. velezensis OSY-S3 reported here had a genome size of ~3.90 Mb and a G+C content of 46.5%.
January 18, 2018: Genome Announcements
Michaela Projahn, Katrin Daehre, Torsten Semmler, Sebastian Guenther, Uwe Roesler, Anika Friese
High prevalence numbers of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase- (ESBL-)/plasmid-mediated AmpC beta-lactamase- (pAmpC-) producing Escherichia coli in broiler chicken and their distribution along the broiler production chain is an ongoing problem in food production. We, therefore, investigated resistant isolates along the broiler production chain to determine whether there is a constantly occurring direct vertical transmission of the ESBL-/pAmpC-producing E. coli from the parent flocks to their offspring or not...
January 17, 2018: Microbial Biotechnology
Augusto Vazquez-Rodriguez, Ximena G Vasto-Anzaldo, Daniel Barboza Perez, Eduardo Vázquez-Garza, Héctor Chapoy-Villanueva, Gerardo García-Rivas, Javier A Garza-Cervantes, Jéssica J Gómez-Lugo, Alma Elizabeth Gomez-Loredo, Maria Teresa Garza Gonzalez, Xristo Zarate, Jose Ruben Morones-Ramirez
Bacterial species are able to colonize and establish communities in biotic and abiotic surfaces. Moreover, within the past five decades, incidence of bacterial strains resistant to currently used antibiotics has increased dramatically. This has led to diverse health issues and economical losses for different industries. Therefore, there is a latent need to develop new and more efficient antimicrobials. This work reports an increased production of an exopolysaccharide in a native yeast strain isolated from the Mexican Northeast, Rhodotorula mucilaginosa UANL-001L, when co-cultured with E...
January 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
Haiying Cui, Mei Bai, Lu Yuan, Duraiarasan Surendhiran, Lin Lin
Escherichia coli O157:H7 (E. coli O157:H7) is one of the most common pathogens in fresh vegetables and fruits, and most of the diseases produced by E. coli O157:H7 are associated with biofilms. Cold nitrogen plasma (CNP) is a cold sterilization technique which has no residue. However to completely eliminate the biofilm on the surface of vegetables the processing power and time of CNP have to be enhanced, which will impact on the quality of fruits and vegetables. Thus the sequential treatment of CNP and phage techniques was engineered in this study...
January 3, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
Michael A Henson, Poonam Phalak
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), which include ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, cause chronic inflammation of the digestive tract in approximately 1.6 million Americans. A signature of IBD is dysbiosis of the gut microbiota marked by a significant reduction of obligate anaerobes and a sharp increase in facultative anaerobes. Numerous experimental studies have shown that IBD is strongly correlated with a decrease of Faecalibacterium prausnitzii and an increase of Escherichia coli...
December 28, 2017: BMC Systems Biology
Anna C L P de Campos, Juan J Puño-Sarmiento, Leonardo P Medeiros, Luís E S Gazal, Renato Pariz Maluta, Armando Navarro, Renata K T Kobayashi, Eder P Fagan, Gerson Nakazato
Cow raw milk cheese is widely eaten in Brazil. These products may be contaminated with pathogenic bacteria. In this work, we investigated the presence of Escherichia coli in raw milk cheese from different States in Brazil. From 147 "Minas" cheese samples, 28 cheeses were positive for E. coli. Among 39 E. coli isolates of the cheeses, one was positive for eae and negative for bpfA and efa1/lifA using PCR, and so was classified as atypical Enteropathogenic E. coli (aEPEC). Two other isolates were positive for extraintestinal pathogenic E...
February 2018: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
Roholla Taghadosi, Mohammad Reza Shakibaie, Reza Ghanbarpour, Hossein Hosseini-Nave
Background and Objectives: The objectives of this study were to evaluate the antibiotic resistance profiles, biofilm formation, presence of antigen 43 ( Ag 43) gene, and transfer of antibiotic resistance phenotype among non-O157 Shiga toxin producing Escherichia coli (STEC). Materials and Methods: From October 2014 to November 2015 a total of 276 stool samples were collected from healthy calves, goats and 395 patients with the sign of nonbloody diarrhea and screened for presence of stx and serotype O157 genes by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Microbiology
Ina Meuskens, Marcin Michalik, Nandini Chauhan, Dirk Linke, Jack C Leo
Almost all integral membrane proteins found in the outer membranes of Gram-negative bacteria belong to the transmembrane β-barrel family. These proteins are not only important for nutrient uptake and homeostasis, but are also involved in such processes as adhesion, protein secretion, biofilm formation, and virulence. As surface exposed molecules, outer membrane β-barrel proteins are also potential drug and vaccine targets. High production levels of heterologously expressed proteins are desirable for biochemical and especially structural studies, but over-expression and subsequent purification of membrane proteins, including outer membrane proteins, can be challenging...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
Sneha Jani, Andrew L Seely, George L Peabody V, Arul Jayaraman, Michael D Manson
Responses to the interspecies quorum-sensing signal autoinducer-2 (AI-2) regulate the patterns of gene expression that promote biofilm development. Escherichia coli also senses AI-2 as a chemoattractant, a response that requires the periplasmic AI-2-binding protein LsrB and the chemoreceptor Tsr. Here, we confirm, as previously observed, that under static conditions highly motile E. coli cells self-aggregate and form surface-adherent structures more readily than cells lacking LsrB and Tsr, or than ΔluxS cells unable to produce AI-2...
November 9, 2017: Microbiology
Eric Omori Omwenga, Andreas Hensel, Susana Pereira, Alfred Anakalo Shitandi, Francisco M Goycoolea
Productions of various bacterial traits like production of virulence factors (e.g. toxins, enzymes), biofilm formation, luminescence among others, have been known to be controlled by quorum sensing (QS), a process that is dependent on chemical signals or autoinducers (AIs). Bacteria known to rely on such AIs are known to be virulent and tend to be resistant against various antimicrobial agents. Therefore, strategies aimed at the inhibition of QS pathways, are regarded as potential novel therapies in managing bacterial virulence hence reducing their ability to induce infections in humans...
2017: PloS One
Michelle Qiu Carter, Maria T Brandl, Indira T Kudva, Robab Katani, Matthew R Moreau, Vivek Kapur
Cah is a calcium-binding autotransporter protein involved in autoaggregation and biofilm formation. Although cah is widespread in Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC), we detected mutations in cah at a frequency of 31.3% in this pathogen. In STEC O157:H7 super-shedder strain SS17, a large deletion results in a smaller coding sequence, lacking the C-terminal 71 amino acids compared with Cah in STEC O157:H7 strain EDL933. We examined the function of Cah in biofilm formation and host colonization to better understand selective pressures for cah mutations...
October 20, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
David A Hufnagel, Janet E Price, Rachel E Stephenson, Jesse Kelley, Matthew F Benoit, Matthew R Chapman
A hallmark of bacterial biofilms is the production of an<u>e</u>xtra<u>c</u>ellular<u>m</u>atrix (ECM) that encases and protects the community from environmental stressors. Biofilm formation is an integral portion of the<u>u</u>ro<u>p</u>athogenic <u>E</u> scherichia<u>c</u>oli (UPEC) lifecycle. Approximately 2% of UPEC are cysteine auxotrophs. Here, we investigated how cysteine homeostasis impacted UPEC UTI89 strain biofilm formation and, specifically, the production of the ECM components curli and cellulose...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Bacteriology
Maribel Riveros, Wilfredo García, Coralith García, David Durand, Erik Mercado, Joaquim Ruiz, Theresa J Ochoa
Escherichia coli is an important cause of Gram-negative bacteremia. The aim of this study was to characterize at the molecular and phenotypic levels E. coli strains belonging to different diarrheagenic pathotypes [diarrheagenic E. coli (DEC)] isolated from bacteremia in children younger than 5 years of age. Seventy bacteremia E. coli strains were collected in a prospective study in 12 hospitals in Lima, Peru. The presence of virulence genes associated with DEC [enterotoxigenic ( lt and st ), enteropathogenic ( eaeA ), shiga toxin-producing ( stx1 and stx2 ), enteroinvasive ( ipaH ), enteroaggregative ( aggR ), and diffusely adherent ( daaD )] was determined by multiplex real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
November 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
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