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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732295/determination-of-54-pesticides-in-waters-of-the-iberian-douro-river-estuary-and-risk-assessment-of-environmentally-relevant-mixtures-using-theoretical-approaches-and-artemia-salina-and-daphnia-magna-bioassays
#1
Catarina Cruzeiro, Sofia Amaral, Eduardo Rocha, Maria João Rocha
As a case study, the estuary of the international Douro River (Iberian Peninsula) was sampled over a year (2010) at six sampling sites to determine the presence of 56 pesticides of different categories (insecticides, herbicides, and fungicides). 96% of measured pesticides were detected in 79% of the quantified samples. Individual average pesticide concentrations ranged from 39 to 1 265ng/L, indicating a ubiquitous presence of the selected compounds; moreover, twelve pesticides were above the 2013/39/EU Directive limits...
July 18, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730138/ileal-perforation-with-norovirus-gastroenteritis-in-a-3-month-old-infant
#2
Seol Woo Wi, Su Jin Lee, Eun Kyeong Kang, Sung Min Cho
Noroviruses have been recognized as the leading cause of epidemic and sporadic gastroenteritis since the advent of molecular diagnostic technique. They have been documented in 5-31% of pediatric patients hospitalized with gastroenteritis. Although norovirus gastroenteritis is typically mild and self-limited, it causes severe, but sometimes fatal, conditions in the vulnerable population such as immunocompromised patients, young children, and the elderly. Bowel perforation due to norovirus infection is rare. We report a case of small bowel perforation with norovirus gastroenteritis in the infant with Down syndrome during the hospitalization with pneumonia...
June 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721790/administering-and-monitoring-high-alert-medications-in-acute-care
#3
Joseph Macale Ruff Cajanding
The nurse's primary role in the medication process is to ensure that drugs are administered safely to patients, thus reducing the risk of unnecessary harm or injury. High-alert medications are a particular concern for healthcare professionals, since they are associated with an increased risk of causing patient harm. This article identifies high-risk medications and outlines measures that can be used to prevent potential harm to patients as a result of these medications, including computerised provider order entry, Tall Man lettering, order sets, independent double-checks and proactive patient monitoring...
July 19, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721355/simultaneously-estimating-the-task-related-and-stimulus-evoked-components-of-hemodynamic-imaging-measurements
#4
Max Charles Herman, Mariana M B Cardoso, Bruss Lima, Yevgeniy B Sirotin, Aniruddha Das
Task-related hemodynamic responses contribute prominently to functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) recordings. They reflect behaviorally important brain states, such as arousal and attention, and can dominate stimulus-evoked responses, yet they remain poorly understood. To help characterize these responses, we present a method for parametrically estimating both stimulus-evoked and task-related components of hemodynamic responses from subjects engaged in temporally predictable tasks. The stimulus-evoked component is modeled by convolving a hemodynamic response function (HRF) kernel with spiking...
July 2017: Neurophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716585/ascertainment-of-alaska-native-stroke-incidence-2005-2009-lessons-for-assessing-the-global-burden-of-stroke
#5
Bernadette Boden-Albala, James Allen, Eric T Roberts, Lisa Bulkow, Brian Trimble
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a critical public health issue in the United States and globally. System models to optimally capture stroke incidence in rural and culturally diverse communities are needed. The epidemiological transition to a western lifestyle has been associated with an increased burden of vascular risk factors among Alaska Native (AN) people. The burden of stroke in AN communities remains understudied. METHODS: The Alaska Native Stroke Registry (ANSR) was designed to screen and capture all stroke cases between 2005 and 2009 through its integration into the existing single-payer Alaska Tribal Health System infrastructure...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709039/agricultural-management-of-an-oxisol-affects-accumulation-of-heavy-metals
#6
Guilherme Deomedesse Minari, David Luciano Rosalen, Mara Cristina Pessôa da Cruz, Wanderley José de Melo, Lucia Maria Carareto Alves, Luciana Maria Saran
Soil contamination may result from the inadequate disposal of substances with polluting potential or prolonged agricultural use. Therefore, cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr) and nickel (Ni) concentrations were assessed in a Eutroferric Red Oxisol under a no-tillage farming system with mineral fertilizer applications, a conventional tillage system with mineral fertilizer application and a conventional tillage system with sewage sludge application in an area used for agriculture for more than 80 years. We evaluated the spatial distributions of these elements in the experimental area and the effect of the different management practices on the soil retention of these metals...
July 3, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707154/personality-and-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-educational-attainment-evidence-from-germany
#7
Renee Ryberg, Shawn Bauldry, Michael A Schultz, Annekatrin Steinhoff, Michael Shanahan
Research based in the United States, with its relatively open educational system, has found that personality mediates the relationship between parents' and child's educational attainment and this mediational pattern is especially beneficial to students from less-educated households. Yet in highly structured, competitive educational systems, personality characteristics may not predict attainment or may be more or less consequential at different points in the educational career. We examine the salience of personality in the educational attainment process in the German educational system...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705994/wearable-brain-imaging-with-multi-modal-physiological-recording
#8
Gary E Strangman, Vladimir Ivkovic, Quan Zhang
The brain is a central component of cognitive and physical human performance. Measures including functional brain activation, cerebral perfusion, cerebral oxygenation, evoked electrical responses, and resting hemodynamic and electrical activity are all related to, or can predict health status or performance decrements. However, measuring brain physiology typically requires large, stationary machines that are not suitable for mobile or self-monitoring. Moreover, when individuals are ambulatory, systemic physiological fluctuations-e...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704477/comparative-phenotypic-and-functional-analysis-of-migratory-dendritic-cell-subsets-from-human-oral-mucosa-and-skin
#9
Ilona Jennifer Kosten, Rieneke van de Ven, Maria Thon, Susan Gibbs, Tanja D de Gruijl
Antigen exposure to oral mucosa is generally thought to lead to immune tolerance induction. However, very little is known about the subset composition and function of dendritic cells (DC) migrating from human oral mucosa. Here we show that migratory DC from healthy human gingival explants consist of the same phenotypic subsets in the same frequency distribution as DC migrating from human skin. The gingival CD1a+ Langerhans cell and interstitial DC subsets lacked CXCR4 expression in contrast to their cutaneous counterparts, pointing to different migration mechanisms, consistent with previous observations in constructed skin and gingival equivalents...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703897/media-representations-of-breech-birth-a-prospective-analysis-of-web-based-news-reports
#10
Karolina Petrovska, Athena Sheehan, Caroline S E Homer
INTRODUCTION: Recent research has demonstrated that the media presentation of childbirth is highly medicalized, often portraying birth as risky and dramatic. Media representation of breech presentation and birth is unexplored in this context. This study aimed to explore the content and tone of news media reports relating to breech presentation and breech birth. METHODS: Google alerts were created using the terms breech and breech birth in online English-language news sites over a 3-year period from January 1, 2013, to December 31, 2015...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701540/a-novel-paraplegia-model-in-awake-behaving-macaques
#11
Max Ostrinsky Krucoff, Katie Zhuang, David B Macleod, Allen Yin, Yoon Woo Byun, Roberto Jose Manson, Dennis A Turner, Laura Oliveira, Mikhail A Lebedev
Lower limb paralysis from spinal cord injury (SCI) or neurological disease carries a poor prognosis for recovery and remains a large societal burden. Neurophysiological and neuroprosthetic research have the potential to improve quality of life for these patients; however, the lack of an ethical and sustainable non-human primate model for paraplegia hinders their advancement. Therefore, our multi-disciplinary team developed a way to induce temporary paralysis in awake behaving macaques by creating a fully implantable lumbar epidural catheter-subcutaneous port system that enables easy and reliable targeted drug delivery for sensorimotor blockade...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701290/using-new-and-emerging-technologies-to-identify-and-respond-to-suicidality-among-help-seeking-young-people-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Frank Iorfino, Tracey A Davenport, Laura Ospina-Pinillos, Daniel F Hermens, Shane Cross, Jane Burns, Ian B Hickie
BACKGROUND: Suicidal thoughts are common among young people presenting to face-to-face and online mental health services. The early detection and rapid response to these suicidal thoughts and other suicidal behaviors is a priority for suicide prevention and early intervention efforts internationally. Establishing how best to use new and emerging technologies to facilitate person-centered systematic assessment and early intervention for suicidality is crucial to these efforts. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the use of a suicidality escalation protocol to respond to suicidality among help-seeking young people...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697776/exposure-to-blue-light-during-lunch-break-effects-on-autonomic-arousal-and-behavioral-alertness
#13
Emi Yuda, Hiroki Ogasawara, Yutaka Yoshida, Junichiro Hayano
BACKGROUND: Exposures to melanopsin-stimulating (melanopic) component-rich blue light enhance arousal level. We examined their effects in office workers. Eight healthy university office workers were exposed to blue and orange lights for 30 min during lunch break on different days. We compared the effects of light color on autonomic arousal level assessed by heart rate variability (HRV) and behavioral alertness by psychomotor vigilance tests (PVT). Heart rate was higher and high-frequency (HF, 0...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Physiological Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693544/mcmaster-optimal-aging-portal-an-evidence-based-database-for-geriatrics-focused-health-professionals
#14
Angela M Barbara, Maureen Dobbins, R Brian Haynes, Alfonso Iorio, John N Lavis, Parminder Raina, Anthony J Levinson
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this work was to provide easy access to reliable health information based on good quality research that will help health care professionals to learn what works best for seniors to stay as healthy as possible, manage health conditions and build supportive health systems. This will help meet the demands of our aging population that clinicians provide high quality care for older adults, that public health professionals deliver disease prevention and health promotion strategies across the life span, and that policymakers address the economic and social need to create a robust health system and a healthy society for all ages...
July 11, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693334/impact-of-hospital-wide-comprehensive-pain-management-initiatives
#15
Paula E Lester, Janet Shehata, Melissa Fazzari, Shahidul Islam
This project aimed to improve pain management through clinician education, updated assessment tools, computer resources, and improved ordering and delivery systems. Clinicians were surveyed and results analyzed using Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney testing and χ(2) testing. Prescribing patterns were evaluated by comparing proportions of prescription orders and dose intervals. Cochran-Armitage Trend Test was used for linear trends in proportion of prescription orders over time. Knowledge scores improved significantly for nurses ( P = ...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692900/arsenic-enrichment-in-sediment-on-the-eastern-continental-shelf-of-brazil
#16
R C Cagnin, V S Quaresma, G Chaillou, T Franco, A C Bastos
This study focuses on the vertical distribution of total and reactive As in two contrasted coastal sedimentary environments: the Abrolhos Continental Shelf (ACS), a carbonate and siliciclastic shelf sediment, and the Doce River Continental Shelf (DRCS), a submerged delta system. The Doce River was the location of a massive ore tailings dam collapsed in November 2015. Millions of liters of tailings were dumped into the river and reached the continental shelf, causing the country's biggest environmental disaster...
July 7, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687533/mobile-health-technology-using-a-wearable-sensorband-for-female-college-students-with-problem-drinking-an-acceptability-and-feasibility-study
#17
Noelle Regina Leonard, Michelle Silverman, Dawa Phuti Sherpa, Madeline A Naegle, Hyorim Kim, Donna L Coffman, Marcy Ferdschneider
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of mobile app interventions have been developed for problem drinking among college students; however, few studies have examined the integration of a mobile app with continuous physiological monitoring and alerting of affective states related to drinking behaviors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to evaluate the acceptability and feasibility of Mind the Moment (MtM), a theoretically based intervention for female college students with problem drinking that combines brief, in-person counseling with ecological momentary intervention (EMI) on a mobile app integrated with a wearable sensorband...
July 7, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683326/time-resolved-fast-mammalian-behavior-reveals-the-complexity-of-protective-pain-responses
#18
Liam E Browne, Alban Latremoliere, Brendan P Lehnert, Alyssa Grantham, Catherine Ward, Chloe Alexandre, Michael Costigan, Frédéric Michoud, David P Roberson, David D Ginty, Clifford J Woolf
Potentially harmful stimuli are detected at the skin by nociceptor sensory neurons that drive rapid protective withdrawal reflexes and pain. We set out to define, at a millisecond timescale, the relationship between the activity of these sensory neurons and the resultant behavioral output. Brief optogenetic activation of cutaneous nociceptors was found to activate only a single action potential in each fiber. This minimal input was used to determine high-speed behavioral responses in freely behaving mice. The localized stimulus generated widespread dynamic repositioning and alerting sub-second behaviors whose nature and timing depended on the context of the animal and its position, activity, and alertness...
July 5, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679168/risk-stratification-of-cardiovascular-and-heart-failure-hospitalizations-using-integrated-device-diagnostics-in-patients-with-a-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-defibrillator
#19
Haran Burri, Antoine da Costa, Aurelio Quesada, Renato Pietro Ricci, Stefano Favale, Nicolas Clementy, Gabriele Boscolo, Federico Segura Villalobos, Lorenza Mangoni di S Stefano, Vinod Sharma, Giuseppe Boriani
Aims: Cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillators (CRT-D) are able to monitor various parameters that may be combined by an automatic algorithm to provide a heart failure risk status (HFRS). We sought to validate the HFRS for stratifying patient risk, evaluate its association with heart failure (HF) symptoms, and investigate its utility for triage of automatic alerts. Methods and results: Data from 722 patients included in the MORE-CARE trial were analysed in a post hoc analysis...
June 30, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676942/-dangerous-cosmetic-products-in-germany-analysis-of-the-rapex-database-of-the-european-commission
#20
P Elsner, S Schliemann
BACKGROUND: Cosmetic products are subject to the European Cosmetics Regulation: They shall not harm human health when used under "normal or reasonably foreseeable conditions". Hazardous cosmetic products are reported by the EU Member States to the EU Commission and are listed in the database of the European Rapid Alert System RAPEX. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The reports from Germany on dangerous cosmetic products from the years 2005-3/2017 in the European RAPEX database were systematically analyzed...
July 4, 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
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