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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937951/effect-of-stress-level-on-different-forms-of-self-touch-in-pre-and-postadolescent-girls
#1
Kyra Densing, Hippokrates Konstantinidis, Melanie Seiler
Self-touch serves for regulation of both hyper- and hypoarousal. It remains unclear if different forms of self-touch occur in different contexts, and if the regulatory mechanisms are learned or innate. The authors describe forms and context of self-touch, and explore age differences in stress processing. They analyzed hand movements of 10 pre- and 10 postadolescent girls in low-stress and high-stress settings and found 3 forms of self-touch. In postadolescent participants, self-touch 2 (irregular structure, rhythmical, medium intensity) and 3 (phasic structure, single accent, medium intensity) were used for self-regulation, whereas self-touch 1 (irregular structure, single accent, low intensity) had conversational reasons...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930219/qigong-in-cancer-care-theory-evidence-base-and-practice
#2
Penelope Klein
Background: The purpose of this discussion is to explore the theory, evidence base, and practice of Qigong for individuals with cancer. Questions addressed are: What is qigong? How does it work? What evidence exists supporting its practice in integrative oncology? What barriers to wide-spread programming access exist? Methods: Sources for this discussion include a review of scholarly texts, the Internet, PubMed, field observations, and expert opinion. Results: Qigong is a gentle, mind/body exercise integral within Chinese medicine...
January 12, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929247/are-parrots-poor-at-motor-self-regulation-or-is-the-cylinder-task-poor-at-measuring-it
#3
Can Kabadayi, Anastasia Krasheninnikova, Laurie O'Neill, Joost van de Weijer, Mathias Osvath, Auguste M P von Bayern
The ability to inhibit unproductive motor responses triggered by salient stimuli is a fundamental inhibitory skill. Such motor self-regulation is thought to underlie more complex cognitive mechanisms, like self-control. Recently, a large-scale study, comparing 36 species, found that absolute brain size best predicted competence in motor inhibition, with great apes as the best performers. This was challenged when three Corvus species (corvids) were found to parallel great apes despite having much smaller absolute brain sizes...
September 19, 2017: Animal Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904648/metacognition-modules-a-scaffolded-series-of-online-assignments-designed-to-improve-students-study-skills
#4
Jean A Cardinale, Bethany C Johnson
Many first-year biology students begin college with high aspirations but limited skills in terms of those needed for their success. Teachers are increasingly focused on students' lack of metacognitive awareness combined with students' inability to self-regulate learning behaviors. To address this need, we have designed a series of out-of-class assignments to provide explicit instruction on memory and learning. Our metacognition modules consist of six video assignments with reflective journaling prompts, allowing students to explore the relationship between the learning cycle, neuroplasticity, memory function, expert and novice thinking, and effective study strategies...
2017: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866286/infant-massage-improves-attitudes-toward-childbearing-maternal-satisfaction-and-pleasure-in-parenting
#5
Sónia Vicente, Manuela Veríssimo, Eva Diniz
The first year of motherhood is a period of growth and adaptation in women's lives with several challenges such as identifying the baby's needs and giving appropriate answers, so that mother and baby get to know each other and form a strong bond. Infant massage is one of the approaches that make an important contribution to the psychological and physiological wellbeing of both baby and mother, helping to form a harmonious relationship. This longitudinal study assessed the benefits of infant massage in the relationship between mother and baby, from birth to 12 months old...
August 31, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865659/prioritizing-possibilities-for-child-and-family-health-an-agenda-to-address-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-foster-the-social-and-emotional-roots-of-well-being-in-pediatrics
#6
Christina D Bethell, Michele R Solloway, Stephanie Guinosso, Sandra Hassink, Aditi Srivastav, David Ford, Lisa A Simpson
OBJECTIVE: A convergence of theoretical and empirical evidence across many scientific disciplines reveals unprecedented possibilities to advance much needed improvements in child and family well-being by addressing adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), promoting resilience, and fostering nurturance and the social and emotional roots of healthy child development and lifelong health. In this article we synthesize recommendations from a structured, multiyear field-building and research, policy, and practice agenda setting process to address these issues in children's health services...
September 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856677/scaffolding-under-the-microscope-applying-self-regulation-and-other-regulation-perspectives-to-a-scaffolded-task
#7
Georgia Leith, Nicola Yuill, Alison Pike
BACKGROUND: Typical scaffolding coding schemes provide overall scores to compare across a sample. As such, insights into the scaffolding process can be obscured: the child's contribution to the learning; the particular skills being taught and learned; and the overall changes in amount of scaffolding over the course of the task. AIMS: This study applies a transition of regulation framework to scaffolding coding, using a self-regulation and other-regulation coding scheme, to explore how rich and detailed data on mother-child dyadic interactions fit alongside collapsed sample-level scores...
August 29, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833428/tensions-in-post-examination-feedback-information-for-learning-versus-potential-for-harm
#8
Anna Ryan, Geoffrey J McColl, Richard O'Brien, Neville Chiavaroli, Terry Judd, Sue Finch, David Swanson
OBJECTIVE: Self-regulation is recognised as being a requisite skill for professional practice This study is part of a programme of research designed to explore efficient methods of feedback that improve medical students' ability to self-regulate their learning. Our aim was to clarify how students respond to different forms and content of written feedback and to explore the impact on study behaviour and knowledge acquisition. METHODS: Year 2 students in a 4-year graduate entry medical programme completing four formative progress tests during the academic year were randomised into three groups receiving different feedback reports...
September 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822896/giving-what-one-should-explanations-for-the-knowledge-behavior-gap-for-altruistic-giving
#9
REVIEW
Peter R Blake
Several studies have shown that children struggle to give what they believe that they should: the so-called knowledge-behavior gap. Over a dozen recent Dictator Game studies find that, although young children believe that they should give half of a set of resources to a peer, they typically give less and often keep all of the resources for themselves. This article reviews recent evidence for five potential explanations for the gap and how children close it with age: self-regulation, social distance, theory of mind, moral knowledge and social learning...
August 7, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816218/continuing-professional-development-of-doctors
#10
Tejinder Singh
After graduating from medical school, all doctors need to undertake some training activities lifelong to maintain, update or develop their knowledge, skills and attitudes towards their professional practice. Continuing professional development (CPD) refers to continuing development of medical and non- medical competencies including professionalism, and interpersonal, managerial and communication skills. There is no single correct way of doing CPD. Most learning in CPD is self-directed and based on one's own learning needs...
March 2017: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801957/monitoring-and-depth-of-strategy-use-in-computer-based-learning-environments-for-science-and-history
#11
Victor M Deekens, Jeffrey A Greene, Nikki G Lobczowski
BACKGROUND: Self-regulated learning (SRL) models position metacognitive monitoring as central to SRL processing and predictive of student learning outcomes (Winne & Hadwin, 2008; Zimmerman, 2000). A body of research evidence also indicates that depth of strategy use, ranging from surface to deep processing, is predictive of learning performance. AIMS: In this study, we investigated the relationships among the frequency of metacognitive monitoring and the utilization of deep and surface-level strategies, and the connections between these SRL processes and learning outcomes across two academic domains, science and history...
August 12, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798713/knowledge-vs-action-discrepancies-in-university-students-knowledge-about-and-self-reported-use-of-self-regulated-learning-strategies
#12
Nora M Foerst, Julia Klug, Gregor Jöstl, Christiane Spiel, Barbara Schober
University students are supposed to be autonomous learners, able to adapt to an educational environment significantly less guided than school. Entering higher education poses a challenge of self-regulation, in which beginning students are often not prepared with self-regulation strategies needed. Since there are many studies assessing self-regulated learning (SRL) via classical self-reports, we know a lot about how students generally self-assess their SRL strategies. However, SRL and performance do not always correlate highly in these studies...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791689/theorizing-and-researching-levels-of-processing-in-self-regulated-learning
#13
Philip H Winne
BACKGROUND: Deep versus surface knowledge is widely discussed by educational practitioners. A corresponding construct, levels of processing, has received extensive theoretical and empirical attention in learning science and psychology. In both arenas, lower levels of information and shallower levels of processing are predicted and generally empirically demonstrated to limit knowledge learners gain, curtail what they can do with newly acquired knowledge, and shorten the life span of recently acquired knowledge...
August 9, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782249/self-regulated-learning-from-illustrated-text-eye-movement-modelling-to-support-use-and-regulation-of-cognitive-processes-during-learning-from-multimedia
#14
Katharina Scheiter, Carina Schubert, Anne Schüler
BACKGROUND: When learning with text and pictures, learners often fail to adequately process the materials, which can be explained as a failure to self-regulate one's learning by choosing adequate cognitive learning processes. Eye movement modelling examples (EMME) showing how to process multimedia instruction have improved elementary school children's learning from text and pictures in previous studies. AIMS: We tested whether the positive effects of EMME for improving self-regulated multimedia learning extend to university students and teaching of more comprehensive processing strategies...
August 7, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769832/supporting-third-year-medical-students-skill-acquisition-and-self-efficacy-with-coping-models-and-process-feedback-during-laparoscopic-knot-tying-simulation
#15
Michael S Dempsey, Douglas F Kauffman
Background: During the third year general surgery clerkship, medical students are required to develop laparoscopic knot-tying skills. Knot-tying skills studies often rely on objective variables (e.g., time, materials used, number of iterations) that lend themselves to correlational analysis of pre- and post-intervention skill level. This study differs by examining how instructional interventions-role modeling and feedback-affect medical students' skill acquisition and self-efficacy during a laparoscopic surgical simulation training session...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762295/a-constant-conversation-tuning-into-and-harmonizing-the-needs-and-priorities-of-the-body-and-mind
#16
Annie T Chen, Samantha J Kaplan, Rachel Carriere
PURPOSE: Individuals rely upon many types of information to manage an illness, including information provided by their own bodies. This study investigated how people tune into and manage the flow of information from their bodies to manage their health. METHOD: We developed a platform for participants to share and collaboratively reflect on how they engaged in this dialogic process, in which participants contributed to a discussion on topics relating to body listening and body awareness...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760726/triaging-patient-complaints-monte-carlo-cross-validation-of-six-machine-learning-classifiers
#17
Adel Elmessiry, William O Cooper, Thomas F Catron, Jan Karrass, Zhe Zhang, Munindar P Singh
BACKGROUND: Unsolicited patient complaints can be a useful service recovery tool for health care organizations. Some patient complaints contain information that may necessitate further action on the part of the health care organization and/or the health care professional. Current approaches depend on the manual processing of patient complaints, which can be costly, slow, and challenging in terms of scalability. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate automatic patient triage, which can potentially improve response time and provide much-needed scale, thereby enhancing opportunities to encourage physicians to self-regulate...
July 31, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753639/self-regulation-strategy-feedback-timing-and-hemodynamic-properties-modulate-learning-in-a-simulated-fmri-neurofeedback-environment
#18
Ethan F Oblak, Jarrod A Lewis-Peacock, James S Sulzer
Direct manipulation of brain activity can be used to investigate causal brain-behavior relationships. Current noninvasive neural stimulation techniques are too coarse to manipulate behaviors that correlate with fine-grained spatial patterns recorded by fMRI. However, these activity patterns can be manipulated by having people learn to self-regulate their own recorded neural activity. This technique, known as fMRI neurofeedback, faces challenges as many participants are unable to self-regulate. The causes of this non-responder effect are not well understood due to the cost and complexity of such investigation in the MRI scanner...
July 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744133/real-time-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#19
REVIEW
Óscar F Gonçalves, Marcelo C Batistuzzo, João R Sato
The current literature provides substantial evidence of brain alterations associated with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms (eg, checking, cleaning/decontamination, counting compulsions; harm or sexual, symmetry/exactness obsessions), and emotional problems (eg, defensive/appetitive emotional imbalance, disgust, guilt, shame, and fear learning/extinction) and cognitive impairments associated with this disorder (eg, inhibitory control, working memory, cognitive flexibility). Building on this evidence, new clinical trials can now target specific brain regions/networks...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735606/effects-of-the-self-regulation-empowerment-program-srep-on-middle-school-students-strategic-skills-self-efficacy-and-mathematics-achievement
#20
Timothy J Cleary, Brittany Velardi, Bracha Schnaidman
The current study examined the effectiveness of an applied self-regulated learning intervention (Self-Regulation Empowerment Program (SREP)) relative to an existing, school-based remedial mathematics intervention for improving the motivation, strategic skills, and mathematics achievement of academically at-risk middle school students. Although significant group differences in student self-regulated learning (SRL) were not observed when using self-report questionnaires, medium to large and statistically significant group differences were observed across several contextualized, situation-specific measures of strategic and regulatory thinking...
October 2017: Journal of School Psychology
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