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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774435/neophobia-does-not-account-for-motoric-self-regulation-performance-as-measured-during-the-detour-reaching-cylinder-task
#1
M K Stow, A Vernouillet, D M Kelly
The ability to restrain a prepotent response in favor of a more adaptive behavior, or to exert inhibitory control, has been used as a measure of a species' cognitive abilities. Inhibitory control defines a spectrum of behaviors varying in complexity, ranging from self-control to motoric self-regulation. Several factors underlying inhibitory control have been identified, however, the influence of neophobia (i.e., aversion to novelty) on inhibitory control has not received much attention. Neophobia is known to affect complex cognitive abilities, but whether neophobia also influences more basic cognitive abilities, such as motoric self-regulation, has received less attention...
May 17, 2018: Animal Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765935/experiences-during-a-psychoeducational-intervention-program-run-in-a-pediatric-ward-a-qualitative-study
#2
Paula Magalhães, Rosa Mourão, Raquel Pereira, Raquel Azevedo, Almerinda Pereira, Madalena Lopes, Pedro Rosário
Hospitalization, despite its duration, is likely to result in emotional, social, and academic costs to school-age children and adolescents. Developing adequate psychoeducational activities and assuring inpatients' own class teachers' collaboration, allows for the enhancement of their personal and emotional competences and the maintenance of a connection with school and academic life. These educational programs have been mainly designed for patients with long stays and/or chronic conditions, in the format of Hospital Schools, and typically in pediatric Hospitals...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765401/mixed-effects-modeling-of-neurofeedback-self-regulation-performance-moderators-for-learning-in-children-with-adhd
#3
Agnieszka Zuberer, Franziska Minder, Daniel Brandeis, Renate Drechsler
Introduction: Neurofeedback (NF) has gained increasing popularity as a training method for children and adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, it is unclear to what extent children learn to regulate their brain activity and in what way NF learning may be affected by subject- and treatment-related factors. Methods: In total, 48 subjects with ADHD (age 8.5-16.5 years; 16 subjects on methylphenidate (MPH)) underwent 15 double training sessions of NF in either a clinical or a school setting...
2018: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759077/regulating-pharmaceutical-companies-financial-largesse
#4
REVIEW
Ronen Avraham, Charles Silver
Nissanholtz-Gannot and Yenkellevich (NGY) explore the impact of a 2010 amendment to the Israeli National Health Insurance Law that requires annual reporting of payments from pharmaceutical companies (PCs) to doctors and healthcare organizations. The amendment was adopted to ensure transparency and to facilitate appropriate regulation of interest conflicts. To learn whether the amendment was having the desired effects, NGY interviewed multiple representatives of an assortment of stakeholders. They found broad agreement among the respondents that financial relationships between PCs and physicians should be transparent...
May 14, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757387/e-learning-on-antibiotic-prescribing-the-role-of-autonomous-motivation-in-participation-a-prospective-cohort-study
#5
Martine G Caris, Jonne J Sikkens, Rashmi A Kusurkar, Michiel A van Agtmael
Objectives: E-learning is increasingly used in education on antimicrobial stewardship, but participation rates are often low. Insight into factors that affect participation is therefore needed. Autonomous motivation is associated with higher achievements in medical education and could also play a role in e-learning participation. We therefore aimed to investigate the role of residents' autonomous motivation in their participation in e-learning on antibiotic prescribing. Methods: We performed a multicentre cohort study in two academic and two teaching hospitals...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749839/reading-quizzes-improve-exam-scores-for-community-college-students
#6
Pamela Pape-Lindstrom, Sarah Eddy, Scott Freeman
To test the hypothesis that adding course structure may encourage self-regulated learning skills resulting in an increase in student exam performance in the community college setting, we added daily preclass online, open-book reading quizzes to an introductory biology course. We compared three control terms without reading quizzes and three experimental terms with online, open-book reading quizzes; the instructor of record, class size, and instructional time did not vary. Analyzing the Bloom's taxonomy level of a random sample of exam questions indicated a similar cognitive level of high-stakes assessments across all six terms in the study...
June 2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741990/the-development-of-a-tournament-preparation-framework-for-competitive-golf-a-delphi-study
#7
Jarred Pilgrim, Peter Kremer, Samuel Robertson
Tournament preparation in golf is used by players to increase course knowledge, develop strategy, optimise playing conditions and facilitate self-regulation. It is not known whether specific behaviours in tournament preparation should be given priority in education and practice at different stages of competition. This study aimed to achieve consensus on the importance of specific tournament preparation behaviours or "items" to players of five competitive levels. A two-round Delphi study was used, including an expert panel of 36 coaches, high-performance staff, players and academics...
May 9, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727814/feedback-control-of-pluripotency-in-embryonic-stem-cells-signaling-transcription-and-epigenetics
#8
REVIEW
Dmitri Papatsenko, Avinash Waghray, Ihor R Lemischka
Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) can proliferate and self-renew, maintaining their pluripotency status in vitro for a long period of time. Pluripotent states of ESCs in vitro are supported by a network of signaling, transcriptional and epigenetic regulatory interactions known as the pluripotency gene regulatory network (PGRN). Despite extensive investigation of the network, the exact order of regulatory links and many structural features of the network are still missing. Analysis of published data and literature reveals numerous PGRN components regulating each other in a mutual fashion, thus creating multiple regulatory feedback control circuits...
February 20, 2018: Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702084/medial-frontal-theta-dissociates-unsuccessful-from-successful-avoidance-and-is-modulated-by-lack-of-perseverance
#9
Stefon J R van Noordt, Jia Wu, Caleb Thomas, Michael W Schlund, Linda C Mayes, Michael J Crowley
Medial frontal activity in the EEG is enhanced following negative feedback and varies in relation to important dimensions of impulsivity. In 22 undergraduate students (Mage = 18.92 years, range 18-22 years), we employed a probabilistic negative reinforcement learning paradigm in which participant's choices to avoid were followed by cues indicating successful or unsuccessful avoidance of an impending aversive noise. Our results showed that medial frontal theta power was significantly enhanced to a cue that signaled avoidance was unsuccessful...
April 24, 2018: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700290/brain-region-specific-disruption-of-shank3-in-mice-reveals-a-dissociation-for-cortical-and-striatal-circuits-in-autism-related-behaviors
#10
Alexandra L Bey, Xiaoming Wang, Haidun Yan, Namsoo Kim, Rebecca L Passman, Yilin Yang, Xinyu Cao, Aaron J Towers, Samuel W Hulbert, Lara J Duffney, Erin Gaidis, Ramona M Rodriguiz, William C Wetsel, Henry H Yin, Yong-Hui Jiang
We previously reported a new line of Shank3 mutant mice which led to a complete loss of Shank3 by deleting exons 4-22 (Δe4-22) globally. Δe4-22 mice display robust ASD-like behaviors including impaired social interaction and communication, increased stereotypical behavior and excessive grooming, and a profound deficit in instrumental learning. However, the anatomical and neural circuitry underlying these behaviors are unknown. We generated mice with Shank3 selectively deleted in forebrain, striatum, and striatal D1 and D2 cells...
April 27, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695939/effectiveness-of-school-and-family-based-interventions-to-prevent-gaming-addiction-among-grades-4-5-students-in-bangkok-thailand
#11
Nipaporn Apisitwasana, Usaneya Perngparn, Linda B Cottler
Purpose: This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of Participatory Learning School and Family Based Intervention Program for Preventing Game Addiction by Developing Self-Regulation of gaming addiction among students of grades 4 and 5 in Bangkok. Methods: A quasi-experimental study was implemented among students of grades 4 and 5 at primary schools in Bangkok selected through multistage random sampling. Two comparable schools were randomly assigned to either the intervention or control group...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674991/when-teams-fail-to-self-regulate-predictors-and-outcomes-of-team-procrastination-among-debating-teams
#12
Edwin A J Van Hooft, Heleen Van Mierlo
Models of team development have indicated that teams typically engage in task delay during the first stages of the team's life cycle. An important question is to what extent this equally applies to all teams, or whether there is variation across teams in the amount of task delay. The present study introduces the concept of team procrastination as a lens through which we can examine whether teams collectively engage in unplanned, voluntary, and irrational delay of team tasks. Based on theory and research on self-regulation, team processes, and team motivation we developed a conceptual multilevel model of predictors and outcomes of team procrastination...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663182/do-reciprocal-relationships-between-academic-workload-and-self-regulated-learning-predict-medical-freshmen-s-achievement-a-longitudinal-study-on-the-educational-transition-from-secondary-school-to-medical-school
#13
Joselina Barbosa, Álvaro Silva, Maria Amélia Ferreira, Milton Severo
One of the most important factors that makes the transition from secondary school to medical school challenging is the inability to put in the study time that a medical school curriculum demands. The implementation of regulated learning is essential for students to cope with medical course environment and succeed. This study aimed to investigate the reciprocal relationships between self-regulated learning skills (SRLS) and academic workload (AW) across secondary school to medical school transition. Freshmen enrolled in medical school (N = 102) completed questionnaires at the beginning and at the end of their academic year, assessing AW (measured as study time hours and perceived workload), SRLS (planning and strategies for learning assessment, motivation and action to learning and self-directedness) and academic achievement...
April 16, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660969/self-regulation-strategies-used-by-students-with-brain-injury-while-transitioning-to-college
#14
Katy H O'Brien, Sarah K Schellinger, Mary R T Kennedy
PURPOSE: Students with TBI enter college with strategies that they have used prior to being injured yet often without knowing which ones will be effective in helping them to be successful. The purpose here is to describe how semi-structured interviews were used to identify self-regulated learning strategies, to demonstrate the utility and reliability of coding self-regulated learning strategies, and to provide examples of student-centered goals derived from survey and interview responses...
2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649513/neurofeedback-control-of-the-human-gabaergic-system-using-non-invasive-brain-stimulation
#15
Satoko Koganemaru, Yusuke Mikami, Hitoshi Maezawa, Satoshi Ikeda, Katsunori Ikoma, Tatsuya Mima
Neurofeedback has been a powerful method for self-regulating brain activities to elicit potential ability of human mind. GABA is a major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a tool that can evaluate the GABAergic system within the primary motor cortex (M1) using paired-pulse stimuli, short intracortical inhibition (SICI). Herein we investigated whether neurofeedback learning using SICI enabled us to control the GABAergic system within the M1 area...
April 9, 2018: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621798/facilitating-postsecondary-transition-and-promoting-academic-success-through-language-literacy-based-self-determination-strategies
#16
Ginger Collins, Julie A Wolter
Purpose: As noted by Powell (2018), speech-language pathologists (SLPs) are an integral part of the overarching curriculum for all students in schools, and this holds true for adolescents who require transition planning. The purpose of this tutorial is to focus on transition planning for secondary school students with a language-based learning disability (LLD) and provide a case illustration for how SLPs may use self-determination strategies to facilitate postsecondary transition while promoting academic success...
April 5, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621004/a-probabilistic-model-of-social-working-memory-for-information-retrieval-in-social-interactions
#17
Liyuan Li, Qianli Xu, Tian Gan, Cheston Tan, Joo-Hwee Lim
Social working memory (SWM) plays an important role in navigating social interactions. Inspired by studies in psychology, neuroscience, cognitive science, and machine learning, we propose a probabilistic model of SWM to mimic human social intelligence for personal information retrieval (IR) in social interactions. First, we establish a semantic hierarchy as social long-term memory to encode personal information. Next, we propose a semantic Bayesian network as the SWM, which integrates the cognitive functions of accessibility and self-regulation...
May 2018: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610547/training-self-assessment-and-task-selection-skills-to-foster-self-regulated-learning-do-trained-skills-transfer-across-domains
#18
Steven F Raaijmakers, Martine Baars, Fred Paas, Jeroen J G van Merriënboer, Tamara van Gog
Students' ability to accurately self-assess their performance and select a suitable subsequent learning task in response is imperative for effective self-regulated learning. Video modeling examples have proven effective for training self-assessment and task-selection skills, and-importantly-such training fostered self-regulated learning outcomes. It is unclear, however, whether trained skills would transfer across domains. We investigated whether skills acquired from training with either a specific, algorithmic task-selection rule or a more general heuristic task-selection rule in biology would transfer to self-regulated learning in math...
March 2018: Applied Cognitive Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603723/training-of-parental-scaffolding-in-high-socio-economic-status-families-how-do-parents-of-full-and-preterm-born-toddlers-benefit
#19
Kim Angeles Gärtner, Verena Clara Vetter, Michaela Schäferling, Gitta Reuner, Silke Hertel
BACKGROUND: Preterm children have an increased risk regarding self-regulation development. Given the strong link between parenting behaviour (i.e., scaffolding and sensitivity) and children's self-regulation, parental training presents a promising way to counteract the negative consequences of preterm birth. AIMS: We explored the effectiveness of parental training by comparing a basic scaffolding training and a combined scaffolding/sensitivity training to an active treatment-control group (stress management)...
March 30, 2018: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601226/persons-various-experiences-of-learning-processes-in-patient-education-for-osteoarthritis-a-qualitative-phenomenographic-approach
#20
Ingalill Larsson, Anne Sundén, Eva Ekvall Hansson
BACKGROUND: Patient education (PE) is a core treatment of osteoarthritis (OA) with the aim to increase persons' knowledge, self-efficacy, and empowerment. OBJECTIVE: To describe person's various experiences of learning processes in PE for OA. DESIGN: Phenomenography. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were performed with the same persons, pre- (11) and post- (9) education. RESULTS: Various experiences on learning processes were found and were described in an outcome space...
March 30, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
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