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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146665/the-relative-effect-of-team-based-learning-on-motivation-and-learning-a-self-determination-theory-perspective
#1
Lucas M Jeno, Arild Raaheim, Sara Madeleine Kristensen, Kjell Daniel Kristensen, Torstein Nielsen Hole, Mildrid J Haugland, Silje Mæland
We investigate the effects of team-based learning (TBL) on motivation and learning in a quasi-experimental study. The study employs a self-determination theory perspective to investigate the motivational effects of implementing TBL in a physiotherapy course in higher education. We adopted a one-group pretest-posttest design. The results show that the students' intrinsic motivation, identified regulation, perceived competence, and perceived autonomy support significantly increased going from lectures to TBL...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127077/is-connected-health-contributing-to-a-healthier-population
#2
Carmen G Loiselle, Saima Ahmed
Connected health tools, including mobile phones, incorporate various functions that capture events, direct actions, and make informed decisions based on complex sources of data. Connected health, a term recently proposed by some academics and industry, refers to the development, testing, and integration of smart technology tools into health care. Through these means, connected health creates interconnectivity across various environments, profoundly changing the way we learn, self-regulate, and communicate with one another...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116979/translating-theory-into-practice-implementing-a-program-of-assessment
#3
Karen E Hauer, Patricia S O'Sullivan, Kristen Fitzhenry, Christy Boscardin
PROBLEM: A program of assessment addresses challenges in learner assessment using a centrally planned, coordinated approach that emphasizes assessment for learning. This report describes the steps taken to implement a program of assessment framework within a medical school. APPROACH: A literature review on best practices in assessment highlighted six principles that guided implementation of the program of assessment in 2016-2017: (1) a centrally coordinated plan for assessment aligns with and supports a curricular vision; (2) multiple assessment tools used longitudinally generate multiple data points; (3) learners require ready access to information-rich feedback to promote reflection and informed self-assessment; (4) mentoring is essential to facilitate effective data use for reflection and learning planning; (5) the program of assessment fosters self-regulated learning behaviors; and (6) expert groups make summative decisions about grades and readiness for advancement...
November 7, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110209/agency-attributions-of-mental-effort-during-self-regulated-learning
#4
Asher Koriat
Previous results suggest that the monitoring of one's own performance during self-regulated learning is mediated by self-agency attributions and that these attributions can be influenced by poststudy effort-framing instructions. These results pose a challenge to the study of issues of self-agency in metacognition when the objects of self-regulation are mental operations rather than motor actions that have observable outcomes. When participants studied items in Experiment 1 under time pressure, they invested greater study effort in the easier items in the list...
November 6, 2017: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104930/brain-and-behavioral-assessment-of-executive-functions-for-self-regulating-levels-of-language-in-reading-brain
#5
Virginia W Berninger, Todd L Richards, Robert D Abbott
This brief research report examines brain-behavioral relationships specific to levels of language in the complex reading brain. The first specific aim was to examine prior findings for significant fMRI connectivity from four seeds (left precuneus, left occipital temporal, left supramarginal, left inferior frontal) for each of four levels of language-subword, word (word-specific spelling or affixed words), syntax (with and without homonym foils or affix foils), and multi-sentence text to identify significant fMRI connectivity (a) unique to the lower level of language when compared to the immediately higher adjacent level of language across subword-word, word-syntax, and syntax-text comparisons; and (b) involving a brain region associated with executive functions...
November 2017: Journal of Nature and Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094987/self-regulated-learning-of-important-information-under-sequential-and-simultaneous-encoding-conditions
#6
Catherine D Middlebrooks, Alan D Castel
Learners make a number of decisions when attempting to study efficiently: they must choose which information to study, for how long to study it, and whether to restudy it later. The current experiments examine whether documented impairments to self-regulated learning when studying information sequentially, as opposed to simultaneously, extend to the learning of and memory for valuable information. In Experiment 1, participants studied lists of words ranging in value from 1-10 points sequentially or simultaneously at a preset presentation rate; in Experiment 2, study was self-paced and participants could choose to restudy...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091237/a-qualitative-analysis-of-metacognition-in-simulation
#7
Jayne M Josephsen
BACKGROUND: Metacognition enables understanding, analysis, and regulation of one's cognition when engaged in learning. Metacognition, epistemic questioning, and self-regulated learning are foundational to the development of critical reasoning and self-reflective practice. METHOD: This pilot qualitative study used observations and interviews to identify metacognitive strategies used by a convenience sample of nursing students prior to and during simulation and debriefing...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090400/no-effects-of-successful-bidirectional-smr-feedback-training-on-objective-and-subjective-sleep-in-healthy-subjects
#8
Olaf Binsch, Ellen S Wilschut, Martijn Arns, Charelle Bottenheft, Pierre J L Valk, Eric H G J M Vermetten
There is a growing interest in the application of psychophysiological signals in more applied settings. Unidirectional sensory motor rhythm-training (SMR) has demonstrated consistent effects on sleep. In this study the main aim was to analyze to what extent participants could gain voluntary control over sleep-related parameters and secondarily to assess possible influences of this training on sleep metrics. Bidirectional training of SMR as well as heart rate variability (HRV) was used to assess the feasibility of training these parameters as possible brain computer interfaces (BCI) signals, and assess effects normally associated with unidirectional SMR training such as the influence on objective and subjective sleep parameters...
October 31, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070031/17q23-2q23-3-de-novo-duplication-in-association-with-speech-and-language-disorder-learning-difficulties-incoordination-motor-skill-impairment-and-behavioral-disturbances-a-case-report
#9
Karen Wessel, Jehan Suleiman, Tamam E Khalaf, Shivendra Kishore, Arndt Rolfs, Ayman W El-Hattab
BACKGROUND: Chromosomal rearrangements involving 17q23 have been described rarely. Deletions at 17q23.1q23.2 have been reported in individuals with developmental delay and growth retardation, whereas duplications at 17q23.1q23.2 appear to segregate with clubfoot. Dosage alterations in the TBX2 and TBX4 genes, located in 17q23.2, have been proposed to be responsible for the phenotypes observed in individuals with 17q23.1q23.2 deletions and duplications. In this report, we present the clinical phenotype of a child with a previously unreported de novo duplication at 17q23...
October 25, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065457/metacognitive-precursors-an-analysis-in-children-with-different-disabilities
#10
María Consuelo Sáiz Manzanares, Miguel Ángel Carbonero Martín
The analysis of Metacognitive skills is a key element to guide the learning process. Current research has shown the initiation of these skills from an early age. The present study had two aims: (1) to validate a Scale Measuring Precursor Metacognitive Skills (SMPMS) in children with diverse disabilities, and (2) to study possible significant different between different disabilities in precursor metacognitive skill use. We worked with 87 children with different disabilities, with an average age range of 24-37 months...
October 21, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060810/self-regulation-of-primary-motor-cortex-activity-with-motor-imagery-induces-functional-connectivity-modulation-a-real-time-fmri-neurofeedback-study
#11
Meena M Makary, Eun Seulgi, Kyungmo Park
Recent developments in data acquisition of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) have led to rapid preprocessing and analysis of brain activity in a quasireal-time basis, what so called real-time fMRI neurofeedback (rtfMRI-NFB). This information is fed back to subjects allowing them to gain a voluntary control over their own region-specific brain activity. Forty-one healthy participants were randomized into an experimental (NFB) group, who received a feedback directly proportional to their brain activity from the primary motor cortex (M1), and a control (CTRL) group who received a sham feedback...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038651/classification-of-suicide-attempts-through-a-machine-learning-algorithm-based-on-multiple-systemic-psychiatric-scales
#12
Jihoon Oh, Kyongsik Yun, Ji-Hyun Hwang, Jeong-Ho Chae
Classification and prediction of suicide attempts in high-risk groups is important for preventing suicide. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the information from multiple clinical scales has classification power for identifying actual suicide attempts. Patients with depression and anxiety disorders (N = 573) were included, and each participant completed 31 self-report psychiatric scales and questionnaires about their history of suicide attempts. We then trained an artificial neural network classifier with 41 variables (31 psychiatric scales and 10 sociodemographic elements) and ranked the contribution of each variable for the classification of suicide attempts...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033872/theory-of-self-vs-externally-regulated-learning-tm-fundamentals-evidence-and-applicability
#13
Jesús de la Fuente-Arias
The Theory of Self- vs. Externally-Regulated Learning(TM) has integrated the variables of SRL theory, the DEDEPRO model, and the 3P model. This new Theory has proposed: (a) in general, the importance of the cyclical model of individual self-regulation (SR) and of external regulation stemming from the context (ER), as two different and complementary variables, both in combination and in interaction; (b) specifically, in the teaching-learning context, the relevance of different types of combinations between levels of self-regulation (SR) and of external regulation (ER) in the prediction of self-regulated learning (SRL), and of cognitive-emotional achievement...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030329/effect-of-a-website-that-presents-patients-experiences-on-self-efficacy-and-patient-competence-of-colorectal-cancer-patients-web-based-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Jürgen M Giesler, Bettina Keller, Tim Repke, Rainer Leonhart, Joachim Weis, Rebecca Muckelbauer, Nina Rieckmann, Jacqueline Müller-Nordhorn, Gabriele Lucius-Hoene, Christine Holmberg
BACKGROUND: Patients often seek other patients' experiences with the disease. The Internet provides a wide range of opportunities to share and learn about other people's health and illness experiences via blogs or patient-initiated online discussion groups. There also exists a range of medical information devices that include experiential patient information. However, there are serious concerns about the use of such experiential information because narratives of others may be powerful and pervasive tools that may hinder informed decision making...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992948/the-potential-of-real-time-fmri-neurofeedback-for-stroke-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review
#15
Tianlu Wang, Dante Mantini, Celine R Gillebert
Real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging (rt-fMRI) neurofeedback aids the modulation of neural functions by training self-regulation of brain activity through operant conditioning. This technique has been applied to treat several neurodevelopmental and neuropsychiatric disorders, but its effectiveness for stroke rehabilitation has not been examined yet. Here, we systematically review the effectiveness of rt-fMRI neurofeedback training in modulating motor and cognitive processes that are often impaired after stroke...
September 18, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989548/mindful-with-your-baby-feasibility-acceptability-and-effects-of-a-mindful-parenting-group-training-for-mothers-and-their-babies-in-a-mental-health-context
#16
Eva S Potharst, Evin Aktar, Marja Rexwinkel, Margo Rigterink, Susan M Bögels
Many mothers experience difficulties after the birth of a baby. Mindful parenting may have benefits for mothers and babies, because it can help mothers regulate stress, and be more attentive towards themselves and their babies, which may have positive effects on their responsivity. This study examined the effectiveness of Mindful with your baby, an 8-week mindful parenting group training for mothers with their babies. The presence of the babies provides on-the-spot practicing opportunities and facilitates generalization of what is learned...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984620/making-if-then-plans-counteracts-learned-non-use-in-stroke-patients-a-proof-of-principle-study
#17
Michael K Marquardt, Anna-Lisa Cohen, Peter M Gollwitzer, Sam J Gilbert, Christian Dettmers
BACKGROUND: After stroke, the learned non-use of a paretic arm is a major obstacle to the improvement of hand function. OBJECTIVE: We examined whether patients with a central paresis could profit from applying the self-regulation strategy of making if-then plans that specify situational triggers to using the paretic arm. METHOD: Seventeen stroke patients with a mild to moderate hand paresis were asked to perform a Simon task which is commonly used to study the enhanced executive control needed when there is a mismatch between stimulus (e...
2017: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984375/context-matters-when-striving-to-promote-active-and-lifelong-learning-in-medical-education
#18
Joris J Berkhout, Esther Helmich, Pim W Teunissen, Cees P M van der Vleuten, A Debbie C Jaarsma
WHERE DO WE STAND NOW?: In the 30 years that have passed since The Edinburgh Declaration on Medical Education, we have made tremendous progress in research on fostering 'self-directed and independent study' as propagated in this declaration, of which one prime example is research carried out on problem-based learning. However, a large portion of medical education happens outside of classrooms, in authentic clinical contexts. Therefore, this article discusses recent developments in research regarding fostering active learning in clinical contexts...
October 6, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973019/beta-arrestin-1-regulation-of-reward-motivated-behaviors-and-glutamatergic-function
#19
Nitish Mittal, Ani Minasyan, Nicole Romaneschi, Joshua K Hakimian, Gabriel Gonzalez-Fernandez, Ralph Albert, Nina Desai, Ian A Mendez, Timothy Schallert, Sean B Ostlund, Wendy Walwyn
The two highly homologous non-visual arrestins, beta-arrestin 1 and 2, are ubiquitously expressed in the central nervous system, yet knowledge of their disparate roles is limited. While beta-arrestin 2 (βarr2) has been implicated in several aspects of reward-related learning and behavior, very little is known about the behavioral function of beta-arrestin 1 (βarr1). Using mice lacking βarr1, we focused on the role of this scaffolding and signal transduction protein in reward-motivated behaviors and in striatal glutamatergic function...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957664/hdac5-and-its-target-gene-npas4-function-in-the-nucleus-accumbens-to-regulate-cocaine-conditioned-behaviors
#20
Makoto Taniguchi, Maria B Carreira, Yonatan A Cooper, Ana-Clara Bobadilla, Jasper A Heinsbroek, Nobuya Koike, Erin B Larson, Evan A Balmuth, Brandon W Hughes, Rachel D Penrod, Jaswinder Kumar, Laura N Smith, Daniel Guzman, Joseph S Takahashi, Tae-Kyung Kim, Peter W Kalivas, David W Self, Yingxi Lin, Christopher W Cowan
Individuals suffering from substance-use disorders develop strong associations between the drug's rewarding effects and environmental cues, creating powerful, enduring triggers for relapse. We found that dephosphorylated, nuclear histone deacetylase 5 (HDAC5) in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) reduced cocaine reward-context associations and relapse-like behaviors in a cocaine self-administration model. We also discovered that HDAC5 associates with an activity-sensitive enhancer of the Npas4 gene and negatively regulates NPAS4 expression...
September 27, 2017: Neuron
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