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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749789/surgical-approach-to-piles-at-risk-of-severe-postoperative-pain-tricks-and-tips
#1
Domenico Tuscano, Linda D'Amore, Fabio Gaj, Paolo Bruzzone, Elena Annesi, Daniele Ceccarelli, Paolox Paolo Negro, Maria Romana Grimaldi, Francesco Gossetti
AIM: Aim of the present study is to propose a clinic-therapeutic course for the treatment of hemorrhoidal disease able to combine radical anatomic surgery with a painless postoperative path. MATERIAL OF STUDY: The present study is based on the evaluation of 20 selected patients who underwent radical hemorrhoidectomy for very high grade hemorrhoidal disease. The clinical course was characterized by careful bowel cleansing, hemorrhoidectomy according to Milligan-Morgan using LigaSure, intraoperative perianal infiltration of Ropivacaine and postoperative use of analgesic drugs...
July 24, 2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748166/assessment-of-immunomodulatory-activity-of-aqueous-extract-of-calamus-rotang
#2
Amit Gupta, Sushama Ravindra Chaphalkar
OBJECTIVE: There are a number of medicinal plant products which has been used to treat various immunological diseases. Out of these medicinal plants, Calamus rotang has shown several medicinal properties including anti-viral, anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory effects. Normally, the roots of C. rotang are used in various ailments to cure piles, burning sensation, cough, leprosy and bleeding disorder and also it was used in the treatment of inflammation. In the present study, our group were investigated the immunomodulatory activity of aqueous extract of C...
May 2017: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741840/stepwise-growth-of-fullerene-nanoparticles-through-guest-exchange-of-%C3%AE-cyclodextrin-complexes-in-water
#3
Kouta Sugikawa, Kentaro Kozawa, Masafumi Ueda, Atsushi Ikeda
Stepwise growth of fullerene nanoparticles (nCx; x=60 or 70) was performed through guest exchange of a γ-cyclodextrin (γ-CD) complex. Fullerenes bicapped by γ-CD were mixed with presynthesized nCx in the presence of polyethylene glycol (PEG) in water. Fullerenes expelled from the γ-CD hosts by PEG were piled on the original nCx, resulting in the growth of nCx. This process could be repeated and the size of nCx increased according to the number of growth steps. The growth of fullerene nanoparticles was confirmed by UV/Vis absorption spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering measurements, and transmission electron microscopy observations...
July 25, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736905/bacterial-and-fungal-communities-and-contribution-of-physicochemical-factors-during-cattle-farm-waste-composting
#4
Huhe, Chao Jiang, Yanpei Wu, Yunxiang Cheng
During composting, the composition of microbial communities is subject to constant change owing to interactions with fluctuating physicochemical parameters. This study explored the changes in bacterial and fungal communities during cattle farm waste composting and aimed to identify and prioritize the contributing physicochemical factors. Microbial community compositions were determined by high-throughput sequencing. While the predominant phyla in the bacterial and fungal communities were largely consistent during the composting, differences in relative abundances were observed...
July 24, 2017: MicrobiologyOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728597/interaction-of-direct-and-social-genetic-effects-with-feeding-regime-in-growing-rabbits
#5
Miriam Piles, Ingrid David, Josep Ramon, Laurianne Canario, Oriol Rafel, Mariam Pascual, Mohamed Ragab, Juan P Sánchez
BACKGROUND: Most rabbit production farms apply feed restriction at fattening because of its protective effect against digestive diseases that affect growing rabbits. However, it leads to competitive behaviour between cage mates, which is not observed when animals are fed ad libitum. Our aim was to estimate the contribution of direct ([Formula: see text]) and social ([Formula: see text]) genetic effects (also known as indirect genetic effects) to total heritable variance of average daily gain ([Formula: see text]) in rabbits on different feeding regimens (FR), and the magnitude of the interaction between genotype and FR (G × FR)...
July 20, 2017: Genetics, Selection, Evolution: GSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727757/development-of-organic-fertilizers-from-food-market-waste-and-urban-gardening-by-composting-in-ecuador
#6
J Jara-Samaniego, M D Pérez-Murcia, M A Bustamante, C Paredes, A Pérez-Espinosa, I Gavilanes-Terán, M López, F C Marhuenda-Egea, H Brito, R Moral
Currently, the management of urban waste streams in developing countries is not optimized yet, and in many cases these wastes are disposed untreated in open dumps. This fact causes serious environmental and health problems due to the presence of contaminants and pathogens. Frequently, the use of specific low-cost strategies reduces the total amount of wastes. These strategies are mainly associated to the identification, separate collection and composting of specific organic waste streams, such as vegetable and fruit refuses from food markets and urban gardening activities...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727747/plant-species-dispersed-by-galapagos-tortoises-surf-the-wave-of-habitat-suitability-under-anthropogenic-climate-change
#7
Diego Ellis-Soto, Stephen Blake, Alaaeldin Soultan, Anne Guézou, Fredy Cabrera, Stefan Lötters
Native biodiversity on the Galapagos Archipelago is severely threatened by invasive alien species. On Santa Cruz Island, the abundance of introduced plant species is low in the arid lowlands of the Galapagos National Park, but increases with elevation into unprotected humid highlands. Two common alien plant species, guava (Psidium guajava) and passion fruit (Passiflora edulis) occur at higher elevations yet their seeds are dispersed into the lowlands by migrating Galapagos tortoises (Chelonoidis spp.). Tortoises transport large quantities of seeds over long distances into environments in which they have little or no chance of germination and survival under current climate conditions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724088/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-assessment-of-aqueously-extractable-estrogens-in-poultry-manure-after-pilot-scale-composting
#8
Kirsten M Hammett, Elizabeth J Mullin, Diana S Aga, Gary K Felton, Daniel J Fisher, Lance T Yonkos
Poultry manure contains free and conjugated forms of the natural estrogens 17β-estradiol and estrone, which can be transported to receiving waters via runoff when land-applied. Previous studies have demonstrated estrogens in runoff from poultry manure-amended fields but have not tracked changes in estrogenicity within this water over time. Microbial conversion of conjugated estrogens (a major portion of water-extractable estrogens) to parent forms may result in temporary increases in estrogenicity in natural water bodies...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721961/determinants-of-child-sex-ratio-in-west-and-south-districts-of-tripura-india
#9
Himadri Bhattacharjya, Subrata Baidya
BACKGROUND: Indian census 2011 has detected declined child sex ratio in the West and South districts of Tripura State. OBJECTIVES: To find out the sex ratio at birth and to identify the factors affecting child sex ratio in west and south districts of Tripura. METHODS: This community-based cross-sectional study combined with a qualitative component was conducted among 3438 couples chosen by multistage sampling. Quantitative data were collected by a structured interview schedule...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719211/real-space-demonstration-of-induced-crystalline-3d-nanostructuration-of-organic-layers
#10
Markos Paradinas, Ana Pérez-Rodríguez, Esther Barrena, Carmen Ocal
The controlled 3D nanostructuration of molecular layers of the semiconducting molecules C22H14 (pentacene) and N, N'-dioctyl-3, 4, 9, 10-perylenetetracarboxylicdiimide (PTCDI-C8) is addressed. A tip-assisted method based using atomic force microscopy (AFM) is developed for removing the organic material and relocating it in up to five layers thick nanostructures. Moreover, unconventional molecular scale imaging combining diverse friction force microscopy modes reveals the stacking sequence of the piled layers...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715996/social-categories-alone-are-insufficient-to-elicit-an-in-group-advantage-in-perceptions-of-within-person-variability
#11
Lindsey A Short, Maria C Wagler
Within-person variability affects identity perception of other-race faces more than own-race faces; when participants sort images into piles representing different identities, they sort photographs of two other-race identities into more piles than two own-race identities. These results have been interpreted in terms of perceptual expertise, such that lack of experience with other-race faces leads to reduced ability to extract identity-relevant information across images. However, an alternative explanation is that sociocognitive factors (e...
August 2017: Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715252/sorting-through-the-spheres-of-influence-using-modified-pile-sorting-to-describe-who-influences-dairy-farmers-decision-making-about-safety
#12
Casper Bendixsen, Kathrine Barnes, Burney Kieke, Danielle Schenk, Jessica Simich, Matthew Keifer
OBJECTIVES: The primary goal of this study was to describe the mutually perceived influence of bankers and insurers on their agricultural clients' decision-making regarding health and safety. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 dairy farmers, 11 agricultural bankers, and 10 agricultural insurers from central Wisconsin. Three of the interview questions involved pile-sorting. Pile-sorting included 5-point Likert-like scales to help participants sort through 32 index cards...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714897/development-of-three-dimensional-dental-scanning-apparatus-using-structured-illumination
#13
Jae Sung Ahn, Anjin Park, Ju Wan Kim, Byeong Ha Lee, Joo Beom Eom
We demonstrated a three-dimensional (3D) dental scanning apparatus based on structured illumination. A liquid lens was used for tuning focus and a piezomotor stage was used for the shift of structured light. A simple algorithm, which detects intensity modulation, was used to perform optical sectioning with structured illumination. We reconstructed a 3D point cloud, which represents the 3D coordinates of the digitized surface of a dental gypsum cast by piling up sectioned images. We performed 3D registration of an individual 3D point cloud, which includes alignment and merging the 3D point clouds to exhibit a 3D model of the dental cast...
July 15, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699969/the-effect-of-size-and-density-on-nut-removal-in-syagrus-loefgrenii-glassman-arecaceae-in-the-brazilian-cerrado
#14
J Ragusa-Netto
In this study I tested the effect of Syagrus loefgrenii nut size and number on the intensity of removal by rodents across seasons. Trials were performed in which piles of either small or large endocarps (1, 3, 6, 12, and 25) were subjected to removal by rodents in the Cerrado (Brazilian savanna). Despite of variations in the intensity of removal, always this process decrease conform endocarp number. Also, mean proportion of endocarp removal was unrelated to year period, initial number, and size of endocarps...
July 10, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684343/resident-led-handoffs-training-for-interns-online-versus-live-instruction-with-subsequent-skills-assessment
#15
Elizabeth Hill, Richard H Cartabuke, Neil Mehta, Colleen Colbert, Amy S Nowacki, Cassandra Calabrese, Ali Mehdi, Ari Garber, Mohammad Mohmand, Odai Sinokrot, James Pile
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 3, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683388/influence-of-biochar-on-heavy-metals-and-microbial-community-during-composting-of-river-sediment-with-agricultural-wastes
#16
Yaoning Chen, Yao Liu, Yuanping Li, Yanxin Wu, Yanrong Chen, Guangming Zeng, Jiachao Zhang, Hui Li
Studies were performed to evaluate influence of biochar addition on physico-chemical process, heavy metals transformation and bacterial community diversity during composting of sediment with agricultural wastes. Simultaneously, the relationships between those parameters including heavy metals and bacterial community compositions were evaluated by redundancy analysis (RDA). The results show that the extraction efficiency of DTPA extractable heavy metals decreased in both piles, and reduced more in pile with biochar addition about 0...
June 20, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683387/inoculation-with-a-psychrotrophic-thermophilic-complex-microbial-agent-accelerates-onset-and-promotes-maturity-of-dairy-manure-rice-straw-composting-under-cold-climate-conditions
#17
Changlong Gou, Yuqiong Wang, Xiqing Zhang, Yujie Lou, Yunhang Gao
The objective was to determine the effects of psychrotrophic-thermophilic complex microbial agent (PTCMA) comprised of a psychrotrophic bacterium consortium (PBC) and a thermophilic cellulolytic fungi consortium (TCFC), on composting in a cold climate. Mixtures of dairy manure and rice straw were inoculated with PTCMA, PBC, TCFC and sterile water (control) and composted at an initial ambient temperatures of -2 to 5°C. In compost piles inoculated with PBC or PTCMA, temperatures reached the thermophilic phase (>55°C) faster (8-11d) than piles inoculated with TCFC or control...
June 20, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672235/geochemistry-and-toxicity-of-a-large-slag-pile-and-its-drainage-complex-in-sudbury-ontario
#18
Laura Souter, Shaun A Watmough
Slag piles from mining activities are common worldwide, but in contrast to mine tailings the environmental impact of runoff from slag piles is less documented. This study was designed to assess the geochemistry and potential toxicity of water draining a large, 62.2ha slag pile in Sudbury, Ontario. The Coniston slag pile contains 12-20Mt of slag from smelting local Ni-Cu ore between 1913 and 1972. Slag leaching experiments confirmed slag is a source of sulphate (SO4), heavy metals (including Fe, Al, Ni, Co, Cu, Zn, Pb, Cr, Mn) and base cations (Ca, K, Mg, Na)...
June 30, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667858/pollution-and-ecological-risk-assessment-of-heavy-metals-in-the-soil-plant-system-and-the-sediment-water-column-around-a-former-pb-zn-mining-area-in-ne-morocco
#19
Abdellah El Azhari, Ali Rhoujjati, Moulay Laârabi El Hachimi, Jean-Paul Ambrosi
This study discussed the environmental fate and ecological hazards of heavy metals in the soil-plant system and sediment-water column around the former Pb-Zn mining Zeïda district, in Northeastern Morocco. Spatial distribution, pollution indices, and cluster analysis were applied for assessing Pb, Zn, As, Cu and Cd pollution levels and risks. The geo-accumulation index (Igeo) was determined using two different geochemical backgrounds: i) the commonly used upper crust values, ii) local geochemical background calculated with exploratory data analysis...
June 28, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662977/anthropogenic-noise-compromises-the-anti-predator-behaviour-of-the-european-seabass-dicentrarchus-labrax-l
#20
Ilaria Spiga, Nicholas Aldred, Gary S Caldwell
Anthropogenic noise is a significant pollutant of the world's oceans, affecting behavioural and physiological traits in a range of species, including anti-predator behaviours. Using the open field test, we investigated the effects of recordings of piling and drilling noise on the anti-predator behaviour of captive juvenile European seabass in response to a visual stimulus (a predatory mimic). The impulsive nature of piling noise triggered a reflexive startle response, which contrasted the behaviour elicited by the continuous drilling noise...
June 26, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
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