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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323057/meet-meat-an-explorative-study-on-meat-and-cultured-meat-as-seen-by-chinese-ethiopians-and-dutch
#1
Gerben A Bekker, Hilde Tobi, Arnout R H Fischer
In this cross-cultural study we investigated how study participants from China, Ethiopia and the Netherlands operationalize the concept of meat and to what extent cultured meat fits or does not fit into this operationalization. We argue that combining the conceptual approaches symbolic boundaries and theory of social practice helps to better understand the possibly culturally dependent operationalization of the concept meat. Ten visiting graduate students from China, 10 from Ethiopia and 10 native Dutch graduate students completed freelist tasks, a pile sort task, interview and essay task, during a single session...
March 16, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322687/correction-altered-mental-status-and-an-acid-base-disturbance
#2
Shylaja Mani, Gregory W Rutecki
In the article "A patient with altered mental status and an acid-base disturbance" (Mani S, Rutecki GW, Cleve Clin J Med 2017; 84:27-34), 2 errors occurred in Table 2. The corrected table appears with corrections shown in red. In addition, two sentences in the text regarding the osmol gap should be revised as follows: On page 31, the last 3 lines should read as follows: "When the anion gap metabolic acidosis is multifactorial, as it was suspected to be in a case reported by Tan et al,(23) the osmol gap may be elevated as a consequence of additional toxic ingestions, as it was in the reported patient...
March 2017: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322172/immune-neuroendocrine-dysregulation-in-patients-with-osteoarthritis-a-revision-and-a-pilot-study
#3
Isabel Gálvez, Silvia Torres-Piles, María Dolores Hinchado, Alberto Álvarez-Barrientos, Pilar Torralbo-Jiménez, Jorge Guerrero, Leticia Martín-Cordero, Eduardo Ortega
BACKGROUND: Although osteoarthritis has predominantly been considered a non-inflammatory degenerative arthropathy, there is growing evidence that various inflammatory and immunological processes might contribute to the onset, progression, and burden of the disease. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present investigation was to study the systemic inflammatory and stress responses and the innate response mediated by neutrophils in OA patients. METHOD: A group of patients diagnosed with primary OA according to the American College of Rheumatology criteria and a control group of age-matched healthy volunteers were enrolled in the study...
March 20, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287391/seroprevalence-of-toxoplasma-gondii-in-domestic-pets-from-metropolitan-regions-of-panama
#4
Claudia Rengifo-Herrera, Edwin Pile, Anabel García, Alexander Pérez, Dimas Pérez, Felicia K Nguyen, Valli de la Guardia, Rima Mcleod, Zuleima Caballero
Toxoplasmosis is a worldwide zoonotic disease but information regarding domestic animals in Central America is scarce and fragmented. The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in domestic cats and dogs in different metropolitan regions of Panama. A total of 576 samples were collected; sera from 120 cats and 456 dogs were tested using a commercial indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The overall seroprevalence of IgG antibodies was 30.73%. There is high seroprevalence of T...
2017: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277706/user-identified-positive-outcome-expectancies-of-electronic-cigarette-use-a-concept-mapping-study
#5
Eric K Soule, Sarah F Maloney, Mignonne C Guy, Thomas Eissenberg, Pebbles Fagan
Electronic cigarette (ECIG) use is growing in popularity, but little is known about the perceived positive outcomes of ECIG use. This study used concept mapping (CM) to examine positive ECIG outcome expectancies. Sixty-three past 30-day ECIG users (38.1% female) between the ages of 18 and 64 (M = 37.8, SD = 13.3) completed a CM module. In an online program, participants provided statements that completed a prompt: "A specific positive, enjoyable, or exciting effect (i.e., physical or psychological) that I have experienced WHILE USING or IMMEDIATELY AFTER USING an electronic cigarette/electronic vaping device is...
March 9, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273817/study-on-the-deformation-measurement-of-the-cast-in-place-large-diameter-pile-using-fiber-bragg-grating-sensors
#6
Lei Gao, Kai Yang, Xiaorui Chen, Xiangjuan Yu
Compared with conventional piles such as the circle pile, the cast-in-place large-diameter pile (PCC pile) has many advantages: the lateral area of PCC pile is larger and the bearing capacity of PCC pile is higher. It is more cost-effective than other piles such as square pile under the same condition. The deformation of the PCC pile is very important for its application. In order to obtain the deformation of the PCC pile, a new type of quasi-distributed optical fiber sensing technology named a fiber Bragg grating (FBG) is used to monitor the deformation of the PCC pile...
March 3, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269142/dynamic-analysis-of-mental-sweating-of-eccrine-sweat-gland-of-human-fingertip-by-time-sequential-piled-up-en-face-optical-coherence-tomography-images
#7
Masato Ohmi, Yuki Wada
In this paper, we demonstrate dynamic analysis of mental sweating for sound stimulus of a few tens of eccrine sweat glands by the time-sequential piled-up en face optical coherence tomography (OCT) images with the frame spacing of 3.3 sec. In the experiment, the amount of excess sweat can be evaluated simultaneously for a few tens of sweat glands by piling up of all the en face OCT images. Non-uniformity was observed in mental sweating where the amount of sweat in response to sound stimulus is different for each sweat gland...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266584/arsenic-methylation-and-its-relationship-to-abundance-and-diversity-of-arsm-genes-in-composting-manure
#8
Weiwei Zhai, Mabel T Wong, Fei Luo, Muhammad Z Hashmi, Xingmei Liu, Elizabeth A Edwards, Xianjin Tang, Jianming Xu
Although methylation is regarded as one of the main detoxification pathways for arsenic (As), current knowledge about this process during manure composting remains limited. In this study, two pilot-scale compost piles were established to treat manure contaminated with As. An overall accumulation of methylated As occurred during 60 day-composting time. The concentration of monomethylarsonic acid (MMA) increased from 6 to 190 μg kg(-1) within 15 days and decreased to 35 μg kg(-1) at the end of the maturing phase; while the concentration of dimethylarsinic acid (DMA) continuously increased from 33 to 595 μg kg(-1) over the composting time...
March 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264306/a-cryptic-invasion-in-the-western-atlantic-presence-of-the-fouling-barnacle-i-megabalanus-i-zebra-darwin-1854-crustacea-cirripedia-in-the-caribbean-sea
#9
Fabio Bettini Pitombo, Judith Gobin, Nivia Maria Nunes Abreu, Alana Jute
The barnacle Megabalanus zebra is largely known from ship hulls, with little information on its biology, ecology, and natural range. We identify M. zebra here from the southern Caribbean, based upon specimens collected as early as 2002. Challenges associated with identifying megabalinine species have delayed recognition of this species as distinct from other Caribbean Megabalanus. Sequenced material of M. zebra from Curaçao did not match M. zebra GenBank sequences that could be verified by descriptions or vouchered material...
February 26, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253675/fluctuations-of-the-peak-pressure-level-of-man-made-impulsive-sound-signals-propagating-in-the-ocean
#10
Marta Galindo-Romero, Alexander Gavrilov, Alec J Duncan
The theory of wave propagation and fluctuations in random media has been broadly studied; however the works studying the influence of a changing underwater acoustic environment on the spatial decay and fluctuations of the peak pressure in broadband and impulsive signals are limited. Using a method based on the formulation developed by Dyer and Makris to estimate intensity fluctuations of sound signals in the ocean in conditions of saturated multipath propagation, this paper presents an approach to model peak pressure fluctuations of transient signals propagating underwater...
February 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231539/a-new-model-to-predict-diffusive-self-heating-during-composting-incorporating-the-reaction-engineering-approach-rea-framework
#11
Aditya Putranto, Xiao Dong Chen
During composting, self-heating may occur due to the exothermicities of the chemical and biological reactions. An accurate model for predicting maximum temperature is useful in predicting whether the phenomena would occur and to what extent it would have undergone. Elevated temperatures would lead to undesirable situations such as the release of large amount of toxic gases or sometimes would even lead to spontaneous combustion. In this paper, we report a new model for predicting the profiles of temperature, concentration of oxygen, moisture content and concentration of water vapor during composting...
February 1, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231443/changes-in-fish-communities-on-a-small-spatial-scale-an-effect-of-increased-habitat-complexity-by-an-offshore-wind-farm
#12
R van Hal, A B Griffioen, O A van Keeken
The number of offshore wind farms (OWF) is increasing to meet the demands for renewable energy. The piles and hard substrate surrounding these piles creates new habitat for species with preference to hard substrates. We studied the impact of this hard substrate on the fish community in a Dutch OWF in the sandy southern North Sea, which had been in operation for five years. Multi-mesh gillnets were placed near the OWF structures on the hard substrate protection revetments and on the sandy bottom in the middle of the farm...
January 31, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227371/dynamic-analysis-of-mental-sweating-of-eccrine-sweat-gland-of-human-fingertip-by-time-sequential-piled-up-en-face-optical-coherence-tomography-images
#13
Masato Ohmi, Yuki Wada, Masato Ohmi, Yuki Wada, Masato Ohmi, Yuki Wada
In this paper, we demonstrate dynamic analysis of mental sweating for sound stimulus of a few tens of eccrine sweat glands by the time-sequential piled-up en face optical coherence tomography (OCT) images with the frame spacing of 3.3 sec. In the experiment, the amount of excess sweat can be evaluated simultaneously for a few tens of sweat glands by piling up of all the en face OCT images. Non-uniformity was observed in mental sweating where the amount of sweat in response to sound stimulus is different for each sweat gland...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225301/book-reviewlifting-the-impenetrable-veil-from-yellow-fever-to-ebola-hemorrhagic-fever-and-sars-charles-h-calisher-rock-pile-press-red-feather-lakes-colorado-2013-540-pp-isbn-13-978-0-615-82773-5-35-00
#14
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220468/the-hair-shedding-visual-scale-a-quick-tool-to-assess-hair-loss-in-women
#15
María Abril Martínez-Velasco, Norma Elizabeth Vázquez-Herrera, Austin John Maddy, Daniel Asz-Sigall, Antonella Tosti
INTRODUCTION: Hair shedding is a common consequence of the normal hair cycle that changes with internal and external factors. Female pattern hair loss (FPHL) is difficult to assess in terms of shedding severity as the conscious perception of hair shedding varies according to each individual, and most utilized methods are semi-invasive or very time consuming. In this study, we establish and validate a hair-shedding scale for women with thick hair of different lengths. METHODS: A visual analog scale was developed for thick hair of short, medium, and long lengths by dividing a bundle of hairs of each length into nine piles of increasing hair amount that were then photographed and arranged in order of size...
March 2017: Dermatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216806/regional-distribution-and-losses-of-end-of-life-steel-throughout-multiple-product-life-cycles-insights-from-the-global-multiregional-matrace-model
#16
Stefan Pauliuk, Yasushi Kondo, Shinichiro Nakamura, Kenichi Nakajima
Substantial amounts of post-consumer scrap are exported to other regions or lost during recovery and remelting, and both export and losses pose a constraint to desires for having regionally closed material cycles. To quantify the challenges and trade-offs associated with closed-loop metal recycling, we looked at the material cycles from the perspective of a single material unit and trace a unit of material through several product life cycles. Focusing on steel, we used current process parameters, loss rates, and trade patterns of the steel cycle to study how steel that was originally contained in high quality applications such as machinery or vehicles with stringent purity requirements gets subsequently distributed across different regions and product groups such as building and construction with less stringent purity requirements...
January 2017: Resources, Conservation, and Recycling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215389/dissemination-and-implementation-science-training-needs-insights-from-practitioners-and-researchers
#17
Rachel G Tabak, Margaret M Padek, Jon F Kerner, Kurt C Stange, Enola K Proctor, Maureen J Dobbins, Graham A Colditz, David A Chambers, Ross C Brownson
INTRODUCTION: Dissemination and implementation research training has great potential to improve the impact and reach of health-related research; however, research training needs from the end user perspective are unknown. This paper identifies and prioritizes dissemination and implementation research training needs. METHODS: A diverse sample of researchers, practitioners, and policymakers was invited to participate in Concept Mapping in 2014-2015. Phase 1 (Brainstorming) gathered participants' responses to the prompt: To improve the impact of research evidence in practice and policy settings, a skill in which researchers need more training is… The resulting statement list was edited and included subsequent phases...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193479/effects-of-substrate-ant-and-fungal-species-on-plant-fiber-degradation-in-a-fungus-gardening-ant-symbiosis
#18
Alexandria M DeMilto, Monte Rouquette, Ulrich G Mueller, Katrin Kellner, Jon N Seal
Fungus-gardening or attine ants have outsourced most of their digestive function to a symbiotic fungus. The ants feed their fungus - essentially an external digestive organ - a variety of substrates of botanical origin, including fresh and dried flowers, leaves and insect frass (processed leaves). Although plant tissues are rich in fibers (lignocelluloses, hemicelluloses, pectins and starches) and the symbiotic fungus possesses the genetic and enzymatic machinery to metabolize these compounds, the highly derived attines, the leaf-cutters (Atta and Acromyrmex), are known to produce fiber-rich waste...
February 11, 2017: Journal of Insect Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187773/perceived-quality-of-life-among-caregivers-of-children-with-a-childhood-onset-dystrophinopathy-a-double-abcx-model-of-caregiver-stressors-and-perceived-resources
#19
Natalia Frishman, Kristin Caspers Conway, Jennifer Andrews, Jacob Oleson, Katherine Mathews, Emma Ciafaloni, Joyce Oleszek, Molly Lamb, Dennis Matthews, Pangaja Paramsothy, Lowell McKirgan, Paul Romitti
BACKGROUND: Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophies, collectively referred to as dystrophinopathies, are recessive X-linked disorders characterized by progressive muscle weakness and ultimately cardiac and respiratory failure. Immediate family members are often primary caregivers of individuals with a dystrophinopathy. METHODS: We explored the impact of this role by inviting primary caregivers (n = 209) of males diagnosed with childhood-onset dystrophinopathy who were identified by the Muscular Dystrophy Surveillance, Tracking, and Research Network (MD STARnet) to complete a mailed questionnaire measuring perceived social support and stress, spirituality, and family quality of life (FQoL)...
February 10, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182807/a-shocking-diagnosis
#20
REVIEW
Anbazhagan Prabhakaran, Gurpreet Dhaliwal, Christopher Robert-James Schilf, George H Caughey, James Pile
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
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