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Gastric ultrasound

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329475/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-sclerosant-injection-and-coil-embolization-of-bleeding-gastric-varices
#1
Bhavtosh Dedania, Keshav Kukreja, Tomas Davee, Manoop S Bhutani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2018: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312558/hyperglycemia-combined-helicobacter-pylori-infection-increases-risk-of-synchronous-colorectal-adenoma-and-carotid-artery-plaque
#2
Kuang-Chun Hu, Ming-Shiang Wu, Cheng-Hsin Chu, Horng-Yuan Wang, Shee-Chan Lin, Helen L Po, Ming-Jong Bair, Chuan-Chuan Liu, Tung-Hung Su, Chi-Ling Chen, Chun-Jen Liu, Shou-Chuan Shih
Background: Cardiovascular disease and colorectal cancer have severe consequences to human health and may occur simultaneously or sequentially. Carotid artery plaque is a predictor of cardiovascular disease, and colorectal adenoma is a premalignant lesion of colorectal cancer. We investigated the core risk factors of carotid artery plaque and colorectal adenoma. Results: In total, 2361 subjects were enrolled. In multivariate analysis, age ≥ 60 years, male sex, BMI > 27, LDL > 130 mg/dL, HbA1c ≥ 6...
December 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290196/huge-gastric-and-ileal-trichobezoars-causing-small-bowel-obstruction
#3
Muhammad Imran, Ume Sughra, Aurangzeb Khan
The bezoar is the accumulation of undigestible food or fibre in the digestive tract, most commonly in stomach and proximal small bowel. Trichobezoar is an accumulation of hair. They may present as an independent mass in small bowel or with or without an extension into the small bowel. The trichobezoars are well described, in terms of surgical, diagnostic, and therapeutic procedures. However, there are very few reports on psychiatric literature and a dual presentation of gastric and ileal trichobezoars. The authors present a case report of a gastric with an ileal trichobezoar that is rarely reported in literature...
January 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287471/conformation-stability-in-vitro-digestibility-and-allergenicity-of-tropomyosin-from-shrimp-exopalaemon-modestus-as-affected-by-high-intensity-ultrasound
#4
Ziye Zhang, Xiaofeng Zhang, Wei Chen, Peng Zhou
The effects of high intensity ultrasound (HIU) modification (power: 100-800 W, 15 min) on the conformation stability, in vitro digestibility and allergenicity of tropomyosin (TM) from Exopalaemon modestus were investigated. HIU treatment oxidized the Cys, Met and Lys in TM and degraded TM to generate protein fragments by HIU-induced free radicals. The α-helix content decreased, while β-sheet, β-turn and random coil increased. The immunoblotting and ELISA data suggested HIU treatment reduced the allergenicity and contributed to higher digestibility of TM...
April 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280013/preoperative-predictors-of-beyond-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-indication-or-lymphovascular-invasion-in-endoscopic-resection-for-early-gastric-cancer
#5
Su Jin Kim, Cheol Woong Choi, Dae Hwan Kang, Hyung Wook Kim, Su Bum Park, Hyeong Seok Nam, Dae Gon Ryu
BACKGROUND: To successfully resect early gastric cancer (EGC), prediction of lymph node metastasis is essential. Beyond endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) indication or lymphovascular invasion (LVI) are known risk factors associated with lymph node metastasis. However, accurate prediction of tumor invasion depth or LVI is impossible before endoscopic resection even when endoscopic ultrasound is used. The aim of this study was to identify the predictive factors associated with beyond ESD indication or LVI after ESD for EGC...
December 26, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258364/comparative-study-of-notes-versus-endoscopic-ultrasound-gastrojejunostomy-in-pigs-a-prospective-study
#6
Bogdan Silviu Ungureanu, Ștefan Pătrașcu, Alice Drăgoescu, Carmen Nicolau, Cătălin Copăescu, Valeriu Șurlin, Adrian Săftoiu
BACKGROUND: Surgical gastrojejunal anastomosis (GJJ) is considered the standard palliative option for gastric outlet obstruction. The use of endoscopic GJJ has generated a lot of attention and has enlarged the horizon for patients with open surgery contraindications. Our study aimed to assess and compare 2 purely endoscopic GJJ approaches using a lumen-apposing hot tip double-flanged metal stent, with focus on technical and clinical success rates on experimental animals. METHODS: Two endoscopic GJJ techniques using a double-flanged self-expandable metal stent were compared on 8 pigs...
December 1, 2017: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247384/gastric-lipomatosis-treated-by-total-gastrectomy-a-case-report
#7
Shota Aoyama, Katsunori Ami, Akira Fukuda, Kenichiro Imai, Ja-Mun Chong, Masayuki Ando
BACKGROUND: Gastric lipomatosis is characterized by multiple gastric lipomas or a diffuse gastric infiltration of the submucosal or subserosal layer by the adipose tissue; diffuse-type gastric lipomatosis is an extremely rare condition. Here, we present the case of a patient with gastric lipomatosis treated by total gastrectomy. CASE PRESENTATION: A 54-year-old man diagnosed with gastric submucosal tumor in 2008 was referred to our hospital for further examination and treatment in September 2016...
December 16, 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245254/a-primary-gastric-synovial-sarcoma-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#8
REVIEW
In Tae So, Kwang Bum Cho, Ju Yup Lee, Sang Jin Kim, Hye In Jung, Jong Hwan Choi, Yoo Jin Lee, Hyun Jik Lee, Kyung Sik Park, Seung Wan Ryu, Yu Na Kang
RATIONALE: When a gastric spindle cell tumor is observed, the possibility of synovial carcinoma, besides common mesenchymal tumor, should also be considered. PRESENTING CONCERNS OF THE PATIENT: The patient is a 51-year-old American woman who underwent medical check-up at a general hospital. Upper endoscopy showed a 2-cm sized mass covered with intact mucosa, and a central depression located on the posterior wall of the mid body. Biopsy of the mass showed focal atypical cells proliferation in mucosa on hematoxylin & eosin (H&E) staining...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243411/randomized-crossover-trial-comparing-eus-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-with-eus-guided-fine-needle-biopsy-for-gastric-subepithelial-tumors
#9
Tomohisa Iwai, Mitsuhiro Kida, Hiroshi Imaizumi, Shiro Miyazawa, Kosuke Okuwaki, Hiroshi Yamauchi, Toru Kaneko, Rikiya Hasegawa, Eiji Miyata, Wasaburo Koizumi
AIM: The purpose of this study is to compare the diagnostic yield of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) and EUS-guided fine-needle biopsy (EUS-FNB) for gastric subepithelial tumors (SET). METHODS: Patients diagnosed SET derived from fourth layer of the stomach were prospectively enrolled and randomly assigned to undergo both EUS-FNA using standard needle and EUS-FNB using a core biopsy needle alternatively to the same lesion a total of four times per session...
December 15, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230709/point-of-care-gastric-ultrasound-and-aspiration-risk-assessment-a-narrative-review
#10
Anahi Perlas, Cristian Arzola, Peter Van de Putte
This narrative review summarizes the current knowledge on point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) of gastric contents in order to inform an assessment of aspiration risk and guide anesthetic management at the bedside. An I-AIM framework (Indication, Acquisition, Interpretation, and Medical decision-making) is used to summarize and organize the content areas. This narrative review spans the breadth of the literature on pediatric and adult subjects as well as on special patient populations such as obstetric and severely obese individuals...
December 11, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212476/the-role-of-endoscopic-ultrasound-in-children-with-pancreatobiliary-and-gastrointestinal-disorders-a-single-center-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Alessandro Fugazza, Barbara Bizzarri, Federica Gaiani, Marco Manfredi, Alessia Ghiselli, Pellegrino Crafa, Maria Clotilde Carra, Nicola de'Angelis, Gian Luigi de'Angelis
BACKGROUND: The role of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) in the management of pancreatobiliary and digestive diseases is well established in adults, but it remains limited in children. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility, safety, and clinical impact of EUS use in children. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of a prospectively acquired database of consecutive pediatric (< 18 years) patients presenting an indication for EUS for pancreatobiliary and gastrointestinal disorders...
December 6, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210844/ultrasound-examination-of-the-antrum-to-predict-gastric-content-volume-in-the-third-trimester-of-pregnancy-as-assessed-by-mri-a-prospective-cohort-study
#12
Mathilde Roukhomovsky, Laurent Zieleskiewicz, Alexandre Diaz, Laurent Guibaud, Kathia Chaumoitre, François-Pierrick Desgranges, Marc Leone, Dominique Chassard, Lionel Bouvet
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound examination of the gastric antrum allows reliable pre-operative assessment of gastric contents and volume in adult patients. However, during pregnancy, the change in the anatomical position of the stomach due to the gravid uterus leads to a change in the measured value of the antral area. Therefore, current mathematical models predicting gastric content volume (GCV) in the adult may not apply in term pregnant women. OBJECTIVE: To propose a mathematical model which is predictive of GCV in pregnant women and to assess the performance of an ultrasound qualitative grading scale (0 to 2) for the diagnosis of clear fluid volumes more than 0...
November 27, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204254/gastric-metastasis-from-ovarian-adenocarcinoma-presenting-as-a-subepithelial-tumor-and-diagnosed-by-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-tissue-acquisition
#13
Filippo Antonini, Liboria Laterza, Lorenzo Fuccio, Massimo Marcellini, Lucia Angelelli, Sonia Calcina, Corrado Rubini, Giampiero Macarri
We describe an uncommon case of a patient with a metastatic adenocarcinoma of ovarian origin presented as a gastric subepithelial tumor (SET) and that was diagnosed by endoscopic ultrasound fine-needle biopsy (EUS-FNB). Malignant gastric lesions are rarely metastatic and the primary tumor is mainly breast, lung, esophageal cancer or cutaneous melanoma. Gastric metastasis from ovarian cancer is unusual, presenting synchronously with the primary tumor but also several years later than the initial diagnosis. From an endoscopic point of view, gastric metastasis does not present specific features...
November 15, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192740/bilateral-parotid-gland-metastases-from-gastric-signet-ring-cell-carcinoma
#14
Federico Nichetti, Federica Morano, Alessandra Fabbri, Filippo de Braud, Maria Di Bartolomeo
INTRODUCTION: Signet-ring cell (SRC) carcinoma is a common subtype of gastric adenocarcinoma associated with poor prognosis. Metastatic involvement of the parotid gland has been reported in gastric cancer patients, but never bilaterally nor in association with the SRC histotype. Here, we report the first case and a brief review of the literature. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 47-year-old woman was referred to our center for a signet-ring gastric carcinoma with synchronous hepatic and peritoneal metastases...
November 22, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182900/laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-for-morbid-obesity-role-of-intraluminal-and-intraperitoneal-postoperative-drainage
#15
G Currò, G Piscitelli, C Lazzara, I Komaei, A Fortugno, G Pinto, F Guccione, A Cogliandolo, A Dattola, S Latteri, G Navarra
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Bleeding and staple line leak are the most common postoperative complications of LSG. To prevent and/or to promptly identify such complications, conventional peri-operative protocols imply post-operative gastric decompression (NGT) and staple line drain (IAD). Our aim was to evaluate the role of naso-gastric tube (NGT) and intra-abdominal drain (IAD) in preventing and/or facilitating identification and treatment of post-operative complications after sleeve gastrectomy...
July 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182210/the-role-of-point-of-care-ultrasound-in-intra-abdominal-hypertension-management
#16
Bruno M Pereira, Renato G Pereira, Robert Wise, Gavin Sugrue, Tanya L Zachrison, Alcir E Dorigatti, Rossano K Fiorelli, Manu L N G Malbrain
BACKGROUND: Intra-abdominal hypertension is a common complication in critically ill patients. Recently the Abdominal Compartment Society (WSACS) developed a medical management algorithm with a stepwise approach according to the evolution of the intra-abdominal pressure and aiming to keep IAP ≤ 15 mm Hg. With the increased use of ultrasound as a bedside modality in both emergency and critical care patients, we hypothesized that ultrasound could be used as an adjuvant point-of-care tool during IAH management...
November 28, 2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178944/malignant-acanthosis-nigricans-an-early-diagnostic-clue-for-gastric-adenocarcinoma
#17
Qian Yu, Xiu-Li Li, Guo Ji, Yao Wang, Yu Gong, Hui Xu, Yu-Ling Shi
BACKGROUND: Malignant acanthosis nigricans (MAN), characterized by the presence of a hyperpigmented, velvety cutaneous thickening, is recognized as a cutaneous sign of internal malignancy. Few MAN has been reported in the Asian race ever before. CASE PRESENTATION: Here, we report a rare case of MAN with severe mucosa and soles and extraordinary facial involvement in the Asian race. A 74-year-old man presented with hyperkeratotic eruption for 7 months. Physical examination revealed hyperkeratotic plaques on the face, dorsal skin of fingers and heels, and papillomatosis of buccal mucosa...
November 25, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166375/gastric-emptying-of-different-meal-volumes-of-identical-composition-in-preterm-infants-a-time-series-analysis
#18
Sharon L Perrella, Anna R Hepworth, Zoya Gridneva, Karen N Simmer, Peter E Hartmann, Donna T Geddes
BACKGROUND: Preterm infants' meals typically progress to higher volumes over time. Knowledge of gastric emptying (GE) responses to differing meal volumes may inform enteral feeding management. We examined the effect of meal volume and composition on preterm GE. METHODS: Forty infants were studied at 33.3±1.4 (29.7-35.6) weeks postmenstrual age when fully enteral fed (target 150 ml/kg/day). Intra-individual comparisons of GE were made for paired meals of 100 and 75% prescribed volume and identical composition of mother's own milk (n=21) and pasteurized donor human milk (n=19)...
November 22, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162868/via-mucosa-incision-eus-guided-sampling-for-the-diagnosis-of-conventional-endoscopic-biopsy-negative-gastric-wall-thickening
#19
Hongbo Shan, Xiaoyan Gao, Guangyu Luo, Jieqing Xiang, Bilv Zhong, Xiaofang Qiu, Shiyong Lin, Shuhong Li, Yin Li, Guoliang Xu, Rong Zhang
Abnormal thickened lesions of the gastric wall are usually covered with normal mucosa. Conventional endoscopic biopsies often do not yield sufficient positive histological results for clinical treatment. To increase the rate of diagnosis of conventional endoscopic biopsy-negative gastric wall thickening, we used an endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD)-like sampling method under endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) guidance to obtain tissue of gastric wall-thickening lesions. Between 2012 and 2016, patients with gastric wall thickening (as identified by computed tomography (CT), EUS or other imaging methods that showed no positive findings in repeating conventional endoscopic biopsy) underwent via mucosa incision EUS-guided sampling...
November 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160938/-knitting-through-the-mesh-novel-single-channel-troubleshooter-technique-for-dilation-assisted-transstricture-retrieval-of-a-migrated-gastroduodenal-stent
#20
Vincent Zimmer
Gastroduodenal stenting using self-expandable metallic stents (SEMSs) represents a viable endoscopic option for palliative treatment of gastric outlet obstruction (GOO), less invasive relative to surgical and/or endoscopic ultrasound-guided gastroenterostomy (EUS-GE). Nevertheless, high rates of stent dysfunction remain a significant Achilles' heel of the procedure. Endoscopic removal of a distally migrated gastroduodenal stent remains challenging with single-channel techniques, calling for individually tailored solutions vis-à-vis the inevitable upstream stricture...
November 21, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
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