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Gastric ultrasound

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920649/hepatoid-carcinoma-of-the-pancreas-case-report-next-generation-tumor-profiling-and-literature-review
#1
James M Chang, Nitin N Katariya, Dora M Lam-Himlin, Danielle J Haakinson, Ramesh K Ramanathan, Thorvardur R Halfdanarson, Mitesh J Borad, Rahul Pannala, Douglas Faigel, Adyr A Moss, Amit K Mathur
Fewer than 25 cases of hepatoid carcinoma of the pancreas have been reported in the literature. We present a case in a 61-year-old male with a remote history of Hodgkin's lymphoma and gastric neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia. On surveillance endoscopic ultrasound, an 8 × 5 mm cystic lesion was seen in the tail of the pancreas. MRI showed a focal pancreatic duct cut-off with mild ductal dilation. Fine needle aspiration was performed, which was concerning for acinar cell carcinoma. The patient underwent distal pancreatectomy and recovered uneventfully...
September 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920476/self-expanding-metal-stents-for-the-palliation-of-malignant-gastric-outlet-obstruction-in-patients-with-peritoneal-carcinomatosis
#2
Christoph Rademacher, Matthias Bechtler, Steffen Schneider, Bettina Hartmann, Johannes Striegel, Ralf Jakobs
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of self-expanding metal stents (SEMS) for the palliation of malignant gastric outlet obstruction in patients with and without peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC). METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 62 patients who underwent SEMS placement for treatment of malignant gastroduodenal obstruction at our hospital over a six-year period. Stents were deployed through the scope under combined fluoroscopic and endoscopic guidance. Technical success was defined as successful stent placement and expansion...
November 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900279/huge-gastric-teratoma-in-an-8-year-old-boy
#3
Rajpal S Sisodiya, Simmi K Ratan, Parveen K Man
Gastric teratoma is very rare tumor and usually presents in early infancy. An 8-year-old boy presented with a huge mass in abdomen extending from epigastrium to the pelvis. Ultrasound and CT scan of abdomen revealed a huge mass with solid and cystic components and internal calcifications. The preoperative diagnosis was a teratoma but not specifically gastric one. At operation, it was found to be gastric teratoma. The mass was excised completely with part of the stomach wall. The histopathology confirmed it to be mature gastric teratoma...
November 2016: APSP Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887020/gastric-glomus-tumor
#4
Alexandria Papadelis, Collin J Brooks, Renato G Albaran
Gastric glomus tumors are rare, mesenchymal neoplasms, generally described as benign and account for nearly 1% of all gastrointestinal soft tissue tumors. The most common gastrointestinal site of involvement is the stomach, particularly the antrum. Gastric glomus tumors are submucosal tumors that lack specific clinical and endoscopic characteristics, and are often mistaken for the more common gastrointestinal stromal tumors. A 62-year-old Caucasian female presented with shortness of breath and a persistent cough...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858880/endoscopic-ultrasound-without-tissue-acquisition-has-poor-accuracy-for-diagnosing-gastric-subepithelial-tumors
#5
Tae Won Lim, Cheol Woong Choi, Dae Hwan Kang, Hyung Wook Kim, Su Bum Park, Su Jin Kim
Incidental gastric subepithelial tumor (SET) is frequently found during endoscopy. Although endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) can provide useful information, its diagnostic accuracy varies. Most of the potentially malignant tumors observed on EUS are hypoechoic lesions. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of EUS for hypoechoic lesions located in the submucosa or proper muscle layer. We also evaluated various characteristics for potential associations with diagnostic accuracy.A retrospective review was conducted of the medical records of 99 patients who were diagnosed with gastric SET and who underwent EUS with pathologic confirmation between March 2008 and April 2015...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858828/feasibility-and-predictive-value-of-ultrasound-assessment-of-the-gastric-residual-volume-in-surgical-critically-ill-patients-a-pilot-study
#6
Jeanne Chatelon, Camille Bourillon, Hélène Darmon, Hélène Carbonne, Vibol Chhor, Arnaud Follin, Bernard Cholley, Alain Guinvarc'h, Jean Mantz, Romain Pirracchio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852087/endoscopic-management-of-gastric-wall-bleeding-and-stent-blood-clot-occlusion-after-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-hepaticogastrostomy
#7
Caroline Fine, Jérome Rivory, Julien Forestier, Jean-Christophe Saurin, Leonardo Sosa-Valencia, Thierry Ponchon, Mathieu Pioche
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843428/a-rare-case-of-gastric-variceal-hemorrhage-secondary-to-infiltrative-b-cell-lymphoma
#8
Adrienne Lenhart, Juan Fernandez-Castillo, Keith Mullins, Reena Salgia
Portal hypertension commonly arises in the setting of advanced liver cirrhosis and is the consequence of increased resistance within the portal vasculature. Less commonly, left-sided noncirrhotic portal hypertension can develop in a patient secondary to isolated obstruction of the splenic vein. We present a rare case of left-sided portal hypertension and isolated gastric varices in a patient with large B-cell lymphoma, who was treated with splenic artery embolization. The patient is a 73-year-old male with no previous history of liver disease, who presented with coffee ground emesis and melena...
September 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822237/the-superiority-of-paracostal-endoscopic-assisted-gastropexy-over-open-incisional-and-belt-loop-gastropexy-in-dogs-a-comparison-of-three-prophylactic-techniques
#9
A Tavakoli, M Mahmoodifard, A H Razavifard
Prophylactic gastropexy is a procedure that prevents the occurrence of a life threatening condition known as gastric dilation and volvulus (GDV) in dogs. The objective of this study was to compare incisional, belt loop and minimally invasive endoscopically assisted gastropexy by evaluating different parameters such as surgical time, length of scar and score of pain in dogs. Twenty-one healthy, mixed-breed adult dogs weighting 14.3 ± 2.6 kg were randomly divided into three groups. Three gastropexy techniques applied in the following order: incisional (group I), belt loop (group B), and endoscopically assisted gastropexy (group E)...
2016: Iranian journal of veterinary research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818823/intraluminal-meckel-s-duplication-cyst-causing-bowel-obstruction-in-an-infant-a-role-for-laparotomy
#10
Mitchell R Ladd, Alejandro V Garcia, Derek B Allison, Jeffrey R Lukish
This report describes a two-month-old girl who presented with signs and symptoms of a distal small bowel obstruction. She underwent an abdominal ultrasound that revealed a right lower quadrant cystic mass. A Technetium-99 scan revealed increased activity in the right lower quadrant consistent with a Meckel's diverticulum. Following a nondiagnostic laparoscopic evaluation, a laparotomy was performed to allow direct palpation of the small bowel and colon. Direct palpation of the ileum revealed a soft intraluminal mass at the ileocecal valve...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812069/frequency-of-different-types-of-gastric-varices-in-patients-with-cirrhosis-due-to-chronic-hepatitis-c
#11
Zamir Butt, Syed Muhammad Ali Shah, Muhammad Afzal, Irfan Younis, Muhammad Waqas, Hamna Atta
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of different types of gastric varices in patients with hepatitis C virus-related cirrhosis. METHODS: The observational cross-sectional study was conducted from August 2014 to August 2015 at Aziz Bhatti Shaheed Teaching Hospital, Gujrat, Pakistan, using non-probability consecutive sampling. Patients having liver cirrhosis only due to chronic hepatitis C virus, portal vein diameter >12mm or spleen size >12cm in long axis and ascites with no previous history of variceal banding were included...
November 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803775/plexiform-angiomyxoid-myofibroblastic-tumor-of-stomach-a-rare-case
#12
Laimas Jonaitis, Mindaugas Kiudelis, Paulius Slepavicius, Lina Poskienė, Limas Kupcinskas
Plexiform angiomyxoid myofibroblastic tumor (PAMT) is a rare benign mesenchymal tumor of stomach. Rarity of this kind of tumors and scarce review articles may cause underrecognition of this entity and pose a real diagnostic challenge to gastroenterologists, pathologists and surgeons when encountering such patients and differentiating PAMT from other gastric intramural tumors. We report a case of 28-year-old woman, who presented with epigastric pain after meals, iron-deficiency anaemia and weight loss. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed submucosal tumor-like elevated lesion in the anterior wall of the antrum with intact overlying mucosa...
October 16, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803086/advanced-gastric-cancer-linitis-plastica-presented-with-disseminated-intravascular-coagulation
#13
Sehem Ghazala, Jawad Bilal, Irbaz Bin Riaz
An old man was found unconscious; on admission found to have disseminated intravascular coagulation with concern of upper gastrointestinal bleed after he was found to have melena. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy on admission showed diffuse thickened gastric folds, and biopsy showed mucosal oedema. Bone marrow biopsy concerning for lymphoma was obtained showed adenocarcinoma. MRI of the abdomen was significant for diffuse gastric wall thickening. A repeat endoscopic ultrasound showed a diffuse gastric wall thickening of 15 mm and submucosal tunneling technique biopsy suggested high-grade, invasive, signet ring adenocarcinoma of the stomach...
November 1, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790564/role-of-endoscopic-ultrasound-for-the-diagnosis-of-isolated-gastric-cavernous-haemangioma
#14
Jinlong Hu, Hua Sao, Siyu Sun
Isolated gastric cavernous haemangioma is extremely rare in the stomach. Historically, endoscopy, computed tomography and MRI had been used to diagnose gastric cavernous haemangioma. Biopsy, is not an option due to its vascular nature and submucosal location. We report an isolated gastric cavernous haemangioma that was diagnosed by end-oscopic ultrasound in a 25-year-old male and treated by laparotomy. The final diagnosis of cavernous haemagioma was confirmed by post-operative pathology. There was no recurrence during 3-month follow-up period...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788723/-value-of-endoscopic-ultrasound-in-early-diagnosis-of-gastroesophageal-varices-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis
#15
C Y Wang, B Jiang, J Li, S Li, D S Hu, J Wei, X L Guo, W Lu
Objective: To investigate the value of endoscopic ultrasound in the early diagnosis of gastroesophageal varices in patients with liver cirrhosis. Methods: A total of 74 patients with liver cirrhosis who were not found to have esophageal or gastric varices by conventional endoscopic examination were enrolled. Endoscopic ultrasound was performed to evaluate its value in the early diagnosis of gastroesophageal varices in patients with liver cirrhosis. The Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-parametric data between groups, and a one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison between multiple groups; the Pearson simple correlation coefficient was used for correlation analysis...
September 20, 2016: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783984/asymptomatic-and-early-pseudoaneurysm-of-posterior-superior-pancreaticoduodenal-artery-and-right-gastric-artery-complicating-acute-pancreatitis-a-case-report
#16
Savino Occhionorelli, Lucia Morganti, Lorenzo Cappellari, Rocco Stano, Dario Andreotti, Giorgio Vasquez
INTRODUCTION: Arterial pseudoaneurysm is a rare and life-threatening complication of pancreatitis, seen more often in chronic than in acute pancreatitis. It involves mostly the splenic artery, while only in 10% of the case it appears in pancreaticoduodenal and gastric artery. This case report described an asymptomatic pseudoaneurysm of the posterior superior pancreaticoduodenal artery and of the right gastric artery, which occurred after 13days from the episode of acute pancreatitis and, then it was treated with vascular angioembolization...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775311/-infantile-hypertrofic-pyloric-stenosis-or-gastric-adenomyoma-differential-diagnosis-of-gastric-outlet-obstruction-in-children
#17
M Oviedo Gutiérrez, S Amat Valero, A Gómez Farpón, C Montalvo Ávalos, L Fernández García, D C Lara Cárdenas, S Barnes Marañón, C Granell Suárez, N Vega Mata, A J López López, M González Guerrero, V Álvarez Muñoz
PURPOSE: Gastrointestinal adenomyoma is a rare benign tumor most frequently located in the stomach. The differential diagnosis is wide because of its large clinical spectrum and unspecific radiological findings. Surgical excision is both diagnostic and therapeutic. CASE REPORT: A 49-days old girl presented with nonbilious vomiting of 48 hours of evolution. Infantile hypertrofic pyloric stenosis was suspected. Ultrasound showed a nonobstructive nodular lesion in the anterior pyloric wall...
July 20, 2015: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761613/differential-diagnosis-of-gastric-cancer-and-gastritis-the-role-of-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-ceus
#18
Heng Xue, Hui-Yu Ge, Li-Ying Miao, Shu-Min Wang, Bo Zhao, Jin-Rui Wang, Li-Gang Cui
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in differential diagnosis of gastric cancer and gastritis, with histological results as reference standard. METHODS: From September 2011 to August 2014, 82 patients (50 males and 32 females; mean age ± SD, 59.5 ± 15.0 years; range 19-91 years) with gastric cancer or gastritis were included in this Ethics Committee-approved prospective study. Conventional ultrasonography (US) and CEUS were applied to distinguish the two lesions, and both qualitative and quantitative features were evaluated...
October 19, 2016: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759430/evaluation-of-gastric-blood-supply-in-diabetic-patients-with-gastroparesis-by-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound
#19
Hao-Lin Shen, Shu-Ping Yang, Kang-Jian Wang, Bei-Lei Huang, Wen-Bao Huang, Jin-Zhi Wu, Guo-Rong Lv
OBJECTIVE: Improvement in regional blood flow has been shown to ameliorate diabetic gastroparesis. We compared the gastric blood supply in patients with diabetes with gastroparesis with that in healthy subjects, by using contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS). METHODS: 30 healthy subjects and 40 patients with diabetic gastroparesis were enrolled. The CEUS parameters of greater curvatures of the antrum (GCOA) and lesser curvatures of the antrum (LCOA), including peak intensity (PI) and the area under the curve (AUC), were compared between the two groups...
December 2016: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757585/vomiting-in-an-infant-with-congenital-nephrotic-syndrome-questions
#20
Toshiyuki Takahashi, Yasuyuki Sato, Takeshi Yamazaki, Asako Hayashi, Takayuki Okamoto
BACKGROUND: Most patients with congenital nephrotic syndrome (CNS) exhibit a failure to thrive. A previous study reported that five of 41 (12 %) infants with CNS had hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS) requiring surgery. The reason for this is undetermined, and there are few reports regarding the relationship between these conditions or their clinical course. CASE DIAGNOSIS/TREATMENT: We present the case of a 4-month-old girl with CNS. She did not show typical manifestations of HPS, but thickened mucosal and submucosal layers and hypertrophy of the pyloric muscle were detected by repeated ultrasound examinations prior to the diagnosis of HPS...
October 18, 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
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