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Episodic Future Thought

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757002/narrative-construction-is-intact-in-episodic-amnesia
#1
Nazim Keven, Jake Kurczek, R Shayna Rosenbaum, Carl F Craver
Autobiographical remembering and future imagining overlap in their underlying psychological and neurological mechanisms. The hippocampus and surrounding regions within the medial temporal lobes (MTL), known for their role in forming and maintaining autobiographical episodic memories, are also thought to play an essential role in fictitious and future constructions. Amnesic individuals with bilateral hippocampal damage cannot reconstruct their past personal experiences and also have severe deficits in the ability to construct coherent fictitious or future narratives...
July 28, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713586/formal-thought-disorder-in-people-at-ultra-high-risk-of-psychosis
#2
Arsime Demjaha, Sara Weinstein, Daniel Stahl, Fern Day, Lucia Valmaggia, Grazia Rutigliano, Andrea De Micheli, Paolo Fusar-Poli, Philip McGuire
BACKGROUND: Formal thought disorder is a cardinal feature of psychosis. However, the extent to which formal thought disorder is evident in ultra-high-risk individuals and whether it is linked to the progression to psychosis remains unclear. AIMS: Examine the severity of formal thought disorder in ultra-high-risk participants and its association with future psychosis. METHOD: The Thought and Language Index (TLI) was used to assess 24 ultra-high-risk participants, 16 people with first-episode psychosis and 13 healthy controls...
July 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711724/neurotrophic-and-inflammatory-markers-in-bipolar-disorder-a-prospective-study
#3
Seline van den Ameele, Violette Coppens, Jeroen Schuermans, Peter De Boer, Maarten Timmers, Erik Fransen, Bernard Sabbe, Manuel Morrens
Altered neurotrophic signaling is thought to impair neuroplasticity in bipolar disorder (BD). Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is proposed as a neurotrophic marker in BD. However, the current evidence for its use in monitoring disease activity and illness progression is conflicting and an exploration of additional neurotrophic markers is needed. This prospective case-control study investigated mood-specific changes in potential neurotrophic markers and their association to inflammatory activity. Patients with BD were included during an acute mood episode, either depressive (n=35) or (hypo)manic (n=32)...
July 5, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625660/task-related-and-resting-state-fmri-identify-distinct-networks-which-preferentially-support-remembering-the-past-and-imagining-the-future
#4
Adrian W Gilmore, Steven M Nelson, Hung-Yu Chen, Kathleen B McDermott
The relation between episodic memory and episodic future thought (EFT) remains an active target of research. A growing literature suggests that similar cognitive processes and neural substrates tend to support these acts. However, direct comparisons of whole-brain activity reveal clear differences, with numerous regions more active when engaging in EFT than when remembering, and a smaller collection of regions displaying the opposite pattern of activity. Although various network labels have been applied to prior neuroimaging results, to date no formal resting-state functional connectivity analysis has been conducted...
June 15, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593633/a-sequence-analysis-of-patterns-in-self-harm-in-young-people-with-and-without-experience-of-being-looked-after-in-care
#5
Ruth Wadman, David Clarke, Kapil Sayal, Marie Armstrong, Caroline Harroe, Pallab Majumder, Panos Vostanis, Ellen Townsend
OBJECTIVES: Young people in the public care system ('looked-after' young people) have high levels of self-harm. DESIGN: This paper reports the first detailed study of factors leading to self-harm over time in looked-after young people in England, using sequence analyses of the Card Sort Task for Self-harm (CaTS). METHODS: Young people in care (looked-after group: n = 24; 14-21 years) and young people who had never been in care (contrast group: n = 21; 13-21 years) completed the CaTS, describing sequences of factors leading to their first and most recent episodes of self-harm...
June 8, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569088/thoughts-and-considerations-of-women-with-bipolar-disorder-about-family-planning-and-pregnancy-a-qualitative-study
#6
Anja Wilhelmina Margaretha Maria Stevens, Thea Henrica Daggenvoorde, Samuel Martinus Dianshah van der Klis, Ralph Werner Kupka, Peter Jan Joseph Goossens
BACKGROUND: Women with bipolar disorder have an increased risk of relapse during pregnancy and the postpartum period, and they often express broad concerns about family planning. OBJECTIVE: To explore the thoughts and considerations of women of childbearing age with bipolar disorder, about family planning and pregnancy. DESIGN: A qualitative study was conducted: 15 women with bipolar I disorder were individually interviewed. Content analysis was applied...
May 1, 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550625/make-it-real-belief-in-occurrence-within-episodic-future-thought
#7
Alexandra Ernst, Arnaud D'Argembeau
While the cognitive and neural bases of episodic future thinking are well documented, questions remain as to what gives the sense that an imagined event belongs to one's personal future. Capitalizing on previous research on metacognitive appraisals in autobiographical remembering, we propose that episodic future thinking involves, in varying degrees, a subjective belief in the potential occurrence of imagined future events and we explore the nature and determinants of such belief. To this aim, participants provided justifications for belief in occurrence for a series of past and future events...
August 2017: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542780/baseline-dimensional-psychopathology-and-future-mood-disorder-onset-findings-from-the-dutch-bipolar-offspring-study
#8
E Mesman, W A Nolen, L Keijsers, M H J Hillegers
OBJECTIVE: To identify the early signs of mood disorder development, specifically bipolar disorder (BD), in a population at familial risk for BD. METHOD: The sample included 107 Dutch adolescent bipolar offspring (age 12-21) followed into adulthood (age 22-32). Lifetime DSM-IV axis I diagnoses were examined at baseline, 1-, 5-, and 12- year follow-up. Symptoms were assessed at baseline on a 3-point Likert scale at baseline with the K-SADS-PL and were analyzed using symptom and sum scores...
May 20, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456910/microbes-and-the-role-of-antibiotic-treatment-for-wheezy-lower-respiratory-tract-illnesses-in-preschool-children
#9
REVIEW
Christina G Kwong, Leonard B Bacharier
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Antibiotics are commonly used to treat wheezy lower respiratory tract illnesses in preschoolers, although these infections have been traditionally thought to be predominantly of viral origin. Our purpose is to review recent research pertaining to the role of antibiotics in lower respiratory tract illnesses and on subsequent asthma development, as well as the possible mechanisms of their effects. RECENT FINDINGS: Increasing evidence suggests that asthma pathogenesis is associated with events during infancy and early childhood, particularly respiratory tract infections...
May 2017: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448792/imagining-possible-selves-across-time-characteristics-of-self-images-and-episodic-thoughts
#10
J Hamilton, S N Cole
Thinking about our possible selves can entail thinking about self-related imagined future events. When remembering and imagining, individuals can use both 1st person (field) and 3rd person (observer) perspectives. There is currently a paucity of research examining the visual perspectives of episodic future thoughts that represent possible selves. We hypothesised that temporally distant self-images would elicit more observer perspectives in episodic thoughts than temporally near self-images and current self-images...
April 24, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431294/exploring-the-experience-of-episodic-past-future-and-counterfactual-thinking-in-younger-and-older-adults-a-study-of-a-colombian-sample
#11
Felipe De Brigard, Diana Carolina Rodriguez, Patricia Montañés
Although extant evidence suggests that many neural and cognitive mechanisms underlying episodic past, future, and counterfactual thinking overlap, recent results have uncovered differences among these three processes. However, the extent to which there may be age-related differences in the phenomenological characteristics associated with episodic past, future and counterfactual thinking remains unclear. This study used adapted versions of the Memory Characteristics Questionnaire and the Autobiographical Interview in younger and older adults to investigate the subjective experience of episodic past, future and counterfactual thinking...
April 17, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351021/effects-of-handedness-saccadic-bilateral-eye-movements-on-the-specificity-of-past-autobiographical-memory-episodic-future-thinking
#12
Andrew Parker, Adam Parkin, Neil Dagnall
The present research investigated the effects of personal handedness and saccadic eye movements on the specificity of past autobiographical memory and episodic future thinking. Handedness and saccadic eye movements have been hypothesised to share a common functional basis in that both influence cognition through hemispheric interaction. The technique used to elicit autobiographical memory and episodic future thought involved a cued sentence completion procedure that allowed for the production of memories spanning the highly specific to the very general...
June 2017: Brain and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276981/impact-of-age-relevant-goals-on-future-thinking-in-younger-and-older-adults
#13
Leann K Lapp, Julia Spaniol
This study investigated how personal goals influence age differences in episodic future thinking. Research suggests that personal goals change with age and like autobiographical memory, future thinking is thought to be organised and impacted by personal goals. It was hypothesised that cueing older adults with age-relevant goals should modulate age differences in episodic details and may also influence phenomenological characteristics of imagined scenarios. Healthy younger and older adults completed the Future Thinking Interview [Addis, D...
February 16, 2017: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211489/sleep-supports-the-slow-abstraction-of-gist-from-visual-perceptual-memories
#14
Nicolas D Lutz, Susanne Diekelmann, Patricia Hinse-Stern, Jan Born, Karsten Rauss
Sleep benefits the consolidation of individual episodic memories. In the long run, however, it may be more efficient to retain the abstract gist of single, related memories, which can be generalized to similar instances in the future. While episodic memory is enhanced after one night of sleep, effective gist abstraction is thought to require multiple nights. We tested this hypothesis using a visual Deese-Roediger-McDermott paradigm, examining gist abstraction and episodic-like memory consolidation after 20 min, after 10 hours, as well as after one year of retention...
February 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211091/friendship-depression-and-suicide-attempts-in-adults-exploratory-analysis-of-a-longitudinal-follow-up-study
#15
Julia E Marver, Hanga C Galfalvy, Ainsley K Burke, M Elizabeth Sublette, Maria A Oquendo, J John Mann, Michael F Grunebaum
Social support is thought to protect against the risk of suicidal behavior in young people and late life, but less is known about the role of friendship in adults. We explored the effect of friendship on suicide attempt risk during 1-year follow-up of 132 adults presenting with major depressive episode (MDE). Items from the Social Adjustment Scale-Self-Report were used as an index of frequency and quality of recent friendship contacts. Survival methods tested associations of friendship with risk of suicide attempt, recurrent MDE, and related outcomes during follow-up...
February 17, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183828/a-qualitative-study-of-emergency-physicians-perspectives-on-proms-in-the-emergency-department
#16
Katie N Dainty, Bianca Seaton, Andreas Laupacis, Michael Schull, Samuel Vaillancourt
INTRODUCTION: There is a growing emphasis on including patients' perspectives on outcomes as a measure of quality care. To date, this has been challenging in the emergency department (ED) setting. To better understand the root of this challenge, we looked to ED physicians' perspectives on their role, relationships and responsibilities to inform future development and implementation of patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs). METHODS: ED physicians from hospitals across Canada were invited to participate in interviews using a snowballing sampling technique...
February 9, 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157585/thinking-about-threats-memory-and-prospection-in-human-threat-management
#17
REVIEW
Adam Bulley, Julie D Henry, Thomas Suddendorf
Humans have evolved mechanisms for the detection and management of possible threats in order to abate their negative consequences for fitness. Internally generated ('detached') cognition may have evolved in part because of its contributions to this broad function, but important questions remain about its role in threat management. In this article, we therefore present a taxonomy of threat-related internally generated cognition comprising episodic and semantic formats of memory and prospection. We address the proximate mechanisms of each of the capacities in this taxonomy, and discuss their respective contributions to adaptive threat management in humans...
March 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077328/dissociation-between-working-memory-performance-and-proactive-interference-control-in-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#18
Diane Swick, Julien Cayton, Victoria Ashley, And U Turken
Deficits in working memory (WM) and cognitive control processes have been reported in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), in addition to clinical symptoms such as hypervigilance, re-experiencing, and avoidance of trauma reminders. Given the uncontrollable nature of intrusive memories, an important question is whether PTSD is associated with altered control of interference in WM. Some studies also suggest that episodic memory shows a material-specific dissociation in PTSD, with greater impairments in verbal memory and relative sparing of nonverbal memory...
February 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064681/forget-about-the-future-effects-of-thought-suppression-on-memory-for-imaginary-emotional-episodes
#19
Nathan A Ryckman, Donna Rose Addis, Andrew J Latham, Anthony J Lambert
Whether intentional suppression of an unpleasant or unwanted memory reduces the ability to recall that memory subsequently is a contested issue in contemporary memory research. Building on findings that similar processes are recruited when individuals remember the past and imagine the future, we measured the effects of thought suppression on memory for imagined future scenarios. Thought suppression reduced the ability to recall emotionally negative scenarios, but not those that were emotionally positive. This finding suggests that intentionally avoiding thoughts about emotionally negative episodes may inhibit representations of those memories, progressively reducing their availability to recall...
January 9, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913433/medial-temporal-lobe-contributions-to-episodic-future-thinking-scene-construction-or-future-projection
#20
D J Palombo, S M Hayes, K M Peterson, M M Keane, M Verfaellie
Previous research has shown that the medial temporal lobes (MTL) are more strongly engaged when individuals think about the future than about the present, leading to the suggestion that future projection drives MTL engagement. However, future thinking tasks often involve scene processing, leaving open the alternative possibility that scene-construction demands, rather than future projection, are responsible for the MTL differences observed in prior work. This study explores this alternative account. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, we directly contrasted MTL activity in 1) high scene-construction and low scene-construction imagination conditions matched in future thinking demands and 2) future-oriented and present-oriented imagination conditions matched in scene-construction demands...
December 1, 2016: Cerebral Cortex
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