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Surgery in metastasic breast cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643319/-progress-of-the-application-of-optical-coherence-tomography-in-gastrointestinal-tumor-surgery
#1
Yongsheng Li, Hao Liu, Haipeng Huang, Yu Zhu, Haijun Deng, Jiang Yu, Site Luo, Li Huo, Li Lin, Huikai Xie, Guoxin Li
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a real-time, cross-sectional optical imaging technology. It is analogous to ultrasonography, except that OCT uses light waves instead of sound waves, and can provide three-dimensional morphological images of living tissues with a micrometer resolution. Through the use of endoscopes, needles, catheters and laparoscopes, OCT has demonstrated tremendous imaging potential in tumor surgery. The current studies suggest that OCT has potential for clinical applications in the following fields of gastrointestinal tumor surgery: (1) Early tumor detection and diagnosis: OCT can distinguish differences between polyp tissue, normal tissue and malignant tissue...
June 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599429/disseminated-carcinomatosis-of-the-bone-marrow-with-disseminated-intravascular-coagulation-as-the-first-symptom-of-recurrent-rectal-cancer-successfully-treated-with-chemotherapy-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Hiroshi Takeyama, Tsutomu Sakiyama, Tomoko Wakasa, Kotaro Kitani, Keisuke Inoue, Hiroaki Kato, Shinya Ueda, Masanori Tsujie, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Masao Yukawa, Yoshio Ohta, Masatoshi Inoue
Disseminated carcinomatosis of the bone marrow (DCBM) is a condition in which bone marrow (BM) metastases diffusely invade the BM, and is frequently accompanied by disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). While prostate, lung, breast and stomach malignancies, in addition to neuroblastoma, are the most prevalent non-hematological malignancies to metastasize frequently to the BM, colorectal cancer is a malignancy that rarely metastasizes to the BM. The present case describes a 65-year-old male patient treated by resection and one course adjuvant chemotherapy for stage IIIC rectal cancer who presented with nasal bleeding at 8 months post-surgery...
June 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586960/preliminary-results-of-a-phase-1-dose-escalation-trial-for-early-stage-breast-cancer-using-5-fraction-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-for-partial-breast-irradiation
#3
Asal Rahimi, Kimberly Thomas, Ann Spangler, Roshni Rao, Marilyn Leitch, Rachel Wooldridge, Aeisha Rivers, Stephen Seiler, Kevin Albuquerque, Stella Stevenson, Sally Goudreau, Dan Garwood, Barbara Haley, David Euhus, John Heinzerling, Chuxiong Ding, Ang Gao, Chul Ahn, Robert Timmerman
PURPOSE: To evaluate the tolerability of a dose-escalated 5-fraction stereotactic body radiation therapy for partial-breast irradiation (S-PBI) in treating early-stage breast cancer after partial mastectomy; the primary objective was to escalate dose utilizing a robotic stereotactic radiation system treating the lumpectomy cavity without exceeding the maximum tolerated dose. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Eligible patients included those with ductal carcinoma in situ or invasive nonlobular epithelial histologies and stage 0, I, or II, with tumor size <3 cm...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584266/novel-rapid-immunohistochemistry-using-an-alternating-current-electric-field-for-intraoperative-diagnosis-of-sentinel-lymph-nodes-in-breast-cancer
#4
Kaori Terata, Hajime Saito, Hiroshi Nanjo, Yuko Hiroshima, Satoru Ito, Kasumi Narita, Yoichi Akagami, Ryuta Nakamura, Hayato Konno, Aki Ito, Satoru Motoyama, Yoshihiro Minamiya
Axillary lymph node status and pathological diagnosis of sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) is a prognostic factor that influences management of postoperative therapy. Recent reports indicate that one-step nucleic acid amplification and hematoxylin and eosin (HE)-stained frozen sections are effective for intraoperative diagnosis of SLNs. In the present study, we report a rapid-immunohistochemical staining (R-IHC) method that enables intraoperative detection of SLN metastases within 16 min using an anti-cytokeratin antibody...
June 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569457/advances-in-radioguided-surgery-in-oncology
#5
Renato A Valdés Olmos, Sergi Vidal-Sicart, Gianpiero Manca, Giuliano Mariani, Luisa F León-Ramírez, Domenico Rubello, Francesco Giammarile
The sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy is probably the most well known radioguided technique in surgical oncology. Today SLN biopsy reduces the morbidity associated with lymphadenectomy and increases the identification rate of occult lymphatic metastases by offering the pathologist the lymph nodes with the highest probability of containing metastatic cells. These advantages may result in a change in clinical clinical management both in melanoma and breast cancer patients. The SLN evaluation by pathology currently implies tumour burden stratification for further prognostic information...
June 1, 2017: Quarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561684/optimizing-breast-cancer-adjuvant-radiation-and-integration-of-breast-and-reconstructive-surgery
#6
Henry M Kuerer, Peter G Cordeiro, Robert W Mutter
Postmastectomy radiotherapy (PMRT) reduces the risk of locoregional and distant recurrence and improves overall survival in women with lymph node-positive breast cancer. Because of stage migration and improvements in systemic therapy and other aspects of breast cancer care, the absolute benefit of PMRT and regional nodal irradiation may be small in some favorable subsets of patients with very low nodal burden, and newer consensus guidelines do not mandate PMRT in all node-positive cases. The use and need for PMRT may considerably complicate breast reconstruction after mastectomy and therefore mandates multidisciplinary input that takes into account patient choice given potential risk of acute and long-term toxicities, benefits, life expectancy, the biology of the tumor, plans for systemic therapy, and actual tumor burden...
2017: American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561683/breast-cancer-in-the-central-nervous-system-multidisciplinary-considerations-and-management
#7
Nancy U Lin, Laurie E Gaspar, Riccardo Soffietti
Breast cancer is the second most common primary tumor associated with central nervous system (CNS) metastases. Patients with metastatic HER2-positive or triple-negative (estrogen receptor (ER)-negative, progesterone receptor (PR)-negative, HER2-negative) breast cancer are at the highest risk of developing parenchymal brain metastases. Leptomeningeal disease is less frequent but is distributed across breast cancer subtypes, including lobular breast cancer. Initial treatment strategies can include surgery, radiation, intravenous or intrathecal chemotherapy, and/or targeted approaches...
2017: American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559768/intraoperative-radiotherapy-of-breast-cancer-and-its-biological-effects
#8
REVIEW
Igor Piotrowski, Katarzyna Kulcenty, Mateusz Wichtowski, Dawid Murawa, Wiktoria Suchorska
Conservative breast cancer surgery followed by radiation therapy is the standard treatment for this type of cancer. Numerous studies demonstrate that 90% of local recurrences after traditional surgery occur in the same quadrant as the primary cancer. The published data suggest that the wound healing process after surgery alters the area surrounding the original tumor and the modified microenvironment is more favorable for the tumor to recur. The majority of metastases within scar initiated much research, and the consequences of these studies led to clinical trials aimed at assessing whether localized radiotherapy, such as intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT), would be more effective in inhibiting formation of local recurrence than the standard postoperative whole breast radiotherapy...
May 2017: Breast Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549010/a-clinical-feasibility-trial-for-identification-of-exceptional-responders-in-whom-breast-cancer-surgery-can-be-eliminated-following-neoadjuvant-systemic-therapy
#9
Henry M Kuerer, Gaiane M Rauch, Savitri Krishnamurthy, Beatriz E Adrada, Abigail S Caudle, Sarah M DeSnyder, Dalliah M Black, Lumarie Santiago, Brian P Hobbs, Anthony Lucci, Michael Gilcrease, Rosa F Hwang, Rosalind P Candelaria, Mariana Chavez-MacGregor, Benjamin D Smith, Elsa Arribas, Tanya Moseley, Mediget Teshome, Makesha V Miggins, Vicente Valero, Kelly K Hunt, Wei T Yang
OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy of fine-needle aspiration (FNA) and vacuum-assisted core biopsy (VACB) in assessing the presence of residual cancer in the breast after neoadjuvant systemic therapy (NST). SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Pathologic complete response (pCR) rates after NST have improved dramatically, suggesting that surgery might be avoided in some patients. Safe avoidance of surgery would require accurate confirmation of no residual invasive/in situ carcinoma...
May 25, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546704/feasibility-of-axillary-reverse-mapping-and-clinicopathological-features-predicting-arm-node-metastasis-in-breast-cancer-a-pilot-study
#10
K Shiva Kumar, G N Hemanth, Poonam K Panjwani, Suraj Manjunath, Rakesh S Ramesh, Rajaram Burrah, Pritilata Rout, D Ramu, Elvis Peter Joseph, Ravi Chandran, C Prasad, Vipin Goel, Supari Divya
The axillary reverse mapping (ARM) technique has been described as an attempt to map and preserve the upper extremity lymphatic drainage during axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) and/or SLNB. This technique is based on the hypothesis that the lymphatic pathway from the upper extremity is not involved by metastasis from primary breast cancer. The ARM node/s however, has been found, in various studies, to be involved with metastatic foci in patients with extensive axillary lymph node metastases. Therefore, the oncological safety of this procedure has not yet been determined...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535821/seven-fractions-to-deliver-partial-breast-irradiation-the-toxicity-is-low
#11
Marco Trovo, Michele Avanzo, Lorenzo Vinante, Carlo Furlan, Francesco Fiorica, Tiziana Perin, Loredana Militello, Simon Spazzapan, Massimiliano Berretta, Rajesh Jena, Joseph Stancanello, Erica Piccoli, Mario Mileto, Elvia Micheli, Mario Roncadin, Samuele Massarut
PURPOSE: To assess toxicity and clinical outcome, in breast cancer patients treated with external beam partial breast irradiation (PBI) consisting of 35 Gy in 7 daily fractions (5 Gy/fraction). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients affected by early-stage breast cancer were enrolled in this phase II trial. Patients had to be 60 years old or over and treated with breast conservative surgery for early stage invasive carcinoma. RESULTS: Seventy-three patients were analyzed...
May 23, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512046/risk-factors-for-preoperative-seizures-and-loss-of-seizure-control-in-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-metastatic-brain-tumors
#12
Adela Wu, Jon D Weingart, Gary L Gallia, Michael Lim, Henry Brem, Chetan Bettegowda, Kaisorn L Chaichana
OBJECTIVE: Metastatic brain tumors are the most common brain tumors in adults. Patients with metastatic brain tumors have poor prognoses with median survival of 6-12 months. Seizures are a major presenting symptom and cause of morbidity and mortality. Risk factors for the onset of preoperative seizures and postoperative seizure control are examined. METHODS: Adult patients who underwent resection of one or more brain metastases at a single institution between 1998 and 2011 were retrospectively reviewed...
May 13, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511975/leptomeningeal-failure-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-receiving-stereotactic-radiosurgery-for-brain-metastases
#13
REVIEW
Edina C Wang, Andrew J Huang, Karen E Huang, Emory R McTyre, Hui-Wen Lo, Kounosuke Watabe, Linda Metheny-Barlow, Adrian W Laxton, Stephen B Tatter, Roy E Strowd, Michael D Chan, Brandi R Page
PURPOSE: Prior studies suggest a high incidence of leptomeningeal failure (LMF) in breast cancer metastatic to brain. This study examines breast cancer-specific variables affecting development of LMF and survival after Gamma-Knife Radiosurgery (GKS). METHODS: Between 2000-2010, 149 (breast) and 658 other-histology patients were treated with GKS. Hormone/HER2, age, local/distant brain failure, prior craniotomy, and prior whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT) were assessed...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508764/current-incidence-of-different-morphological-types-of-malignant-metastases-to-the-spine-based-on-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#14
Grzegorz Guzik
BACKGROUND: Malignant tumours particularly often metastasise to the spine, causing considerable pain and limiting the patient's physical function. Standard therapy consists in surgical treatment with adjuvant radiotherapy. The qualification for surgery is a multifaceted process and detailed analysis of the morphology of the metastasis is a key factor. Numerous types of classification of metastatic lesions exist, among which the Tomita system, based on MRI findings, appears to be the most practical...
April 12, 2017: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506052/-renal-cell-carcinoma-with-retroperitoneal-metastases-and-renal-invasion-from-breast-cancer-a-case-report
#15
Go Noguchi, Yoko Saito, Taku Mitome, Susumu Umemoto, Ayano Kakazu, Tomoko Sugiyama, Teiichiro Ueki
A 67-year-old female was hospitalized with back pain. Computed tomography (CT) incidentally revealed a tumor in her left kidney tumor (33 mm) and bilateral breast tumors. She underwent a breast biopsy and was diagnosed with breast cancer (invasive lobular cancer, cT2N0M0). The renal tumor was suspected to be clear cell carcinoma, cT1aN0M0, based on contrast-enhanced CT. Surgery was considered necessary for both the breast cancer and renal tumor. First, laparoscopic radical nephrectomy was performed for the renal tumor...
April 2017: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499438/early-developed-asd-adjacent-segmental-disease-in-patients-after-surgical-treatment-of-the-spine-due-to-cancer-metastases
#16
Grzegorz Guzik
BACKGROUND: The causes of ASD are still relatively unknown. Correlation between clinical status of patients and radiological MRI findings is of primary importance. The radiological classifications proposed by Pfirmann and Oner are most commonly used to assess intradiscal degenerative changes. The aim of the study was to assess the influence of the extension of spine fixation on the risk of developing ASD in a short time after surgery. METHODS: A total of 332 patients with spinal tumors were treated in our hospital between 2010 and 2013...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499366/the-role-of-brca1-iris-in-the-development-and-progression-of-triple-negative-breast-cancers-in-egypt-possible-link-to-disease-early-lesion
#17
Danielle Bogan, Lucio Meile, Ahmed El Bastawisy, Hend F Yousef, Abdel-Rahman N Zekri, Abeer A Bahnassy, Wael M ElShamy
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most globally diagnosed female cancer, with the triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) being the most aggressive subtype of the disease. In this study we aimed at comparing the effect of BRCA1-IRIS overexpression on the clinico-pathological characteristics in breast cancer patients with TNBC or non-TNBC in the largest comprehensive cancer center in Egypt. METHODS: To reach this goal, we conducted an observational study at the National Cancer Institute (NCI), Cairo University (Cairo, Egypt)...
May 12, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480185/intramammary-sentinel-lymph-node-with-capsular-extravasation-in-breast-cancer
#18
Paulo Roberto De Alcantara Filho, Carla Curi, Camila Souza Guatelli, Cynthia Aparecida B de Toledo Osorio, Stephania Martins Bezerra, Fernando Augusto Soares, Fabiana Baroni Makdissi
Sentinel lymph node biopsy has been developed as the standard of treatment in breast cancer. Status of axillary sentinel lymph node is known to be a significant prognostic factor. Nevertheless, involvement of an intramammary lymph node with metastasis in breast cancer is a rare radiological and clinical presentation, and with extracapsular extravasation even more uncommon. Historically, reported series of patients with intramammary lymph node diagnosed by final histological examination are small in number and clinical significance of metastasis is still unclear...
May 2017: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480103/cavernous-sinus-syndrome-as-the-first-manifestation-of-metastatic-breast-disease
#19
N B Seixas, T A B Belsuzarri, N C B Belsuzarri, M Pozetti, J F M Araujo
BACKGROUND: The cavernous sinus is a venous plexus crossed by vital neurovascular structures. Metastases to the region are uncommon and often associated with a headache, facial pain, or progressive neurological deficit in III, IV, and VI cranial nerves. The treatment options are surgery, including endoscopic approach, radiotherapy, radiosurgery, and chemotherapy. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report the case of a 26-year-old female with cavernous sinus syndrome due to breast cancer metastasis, who was subjected to chemotherapy with complete neurological recovery...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476174/a-patient-with-a-history-of-breast-cancer-and-multiple-bone-lesions-a-case-report
#20
Marie-Angela Schnyder, Paul Stolzmann, Gerhard Frank Huber, Christoph Schmid
BACKGROUND: Long-term severe hyperparathyroidism leads to thinning of cortical bone and cystic bone defects referred to as osteitis fibrosa cystica. Cysts filled with hemosiderin deposits may appear colored as "brown tumors." Osteitis fibrosa cystica and brown tumors are occasionally visualized as multiple, potentially corticalis-disrupting bone lesions mimicking metastases by bone scintigraphy or (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 72-year-old white woman who presented with malaise, weight loss, and hypercalcemia...
May 6, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
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