keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

trauma simulation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515283/anisomorphic-cortical-reorganization-in-asymmetric-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#1
Steven W Cheung, Craig Anthony Atencio, Eliott R J Levy, Robert C Froemke, Christoph E Schreiner
Acoustic trauma or inner ear disease may predominantly injure one ear, causing asymmetric sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). While characteristic frequency (CF) map plasticity of primary auditory cortex (AI) contralateral to the injured ear has been detailed, there is no study that also evaluates ipsilateral AI to compare cortical reorganization across both hemispheres. We assess whether normal isomorphic mirror image relationship between the two hemispheres is maintained or disrupted in mild-to-moderate asymmetric SNHL of adult squirrel monkeys...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505521/short-simulation-exercises-to-improve-emergency-department-nurses-self-efficacy-for-initial-disaster-management-controlled-before-and-after-study
#2
Carl-Oscar Jonson, Jenny Pettersson, Jonas Rybing, Heléne Nilsson, Erik Prytz
INTRODUCTION: Head nurses at emergency departments often assume responsibility for managing the initial response to a major incident, and to create surge capacity. Training is essential to enable these nurses to perform an effective disaster response. Evaluating the effects of such training is however complicated as real skill only can be demonstrated during a real major incident. Self-efficacy has been proposed as an alternative measure of training effectiveness. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine if short, small-scale computer-based simulation exercises could improve head emergency nurses' general and specific self-efficacy and initial incident management skills...
April 29, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501711/protection-of-cortex-by-overlying-meninges-tissue-during-dynamic-indentation-of-the-adolescent-brain
#3
David B MacManus, Baptiste Pierrat, Jeremiah G Murphy, Michael D Gilchrist
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has become a recent focus of biomedical research with a growing international effort targeting material characterization of brain tissue and simulations of trauma using computer models of the head and brain to try to elucidate the mechanisms and pathogenesis of TBI. The meninges, a collagenous protective tri-layer which encloses the entire brain and spinal cord has been largely overlooked in these material characterization studies. This has resulted in a lack of accurate constitutive data for the cranial meninges, particularly under dynamic conditions such as those experienced during head impacts...
May 10, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499682/an-analysis-of-the-temperature-change-in-warmed-intravenous-fluids-during-administration-in-cold-environments
#4
Warren Singleton, Michelle McLean, Michael Smale, Mohammed Alkhalifah, Ahmad Kosahk, Neli Ragina, Chin-I Cheng, Bethany J Figg
This nonhuman simulation study was conducted to determine the decrease in temperature that occurred to 1-L bags of normal saline in a cold environment. The bags were warmed to 39°C and administered through intravenous (IV) tubing at a set flow rate while in a cold environment. The goal was to determine if there was a significant decrease in fluid temperature from the bag to the catheter site. Three trials were completed at temperatures of 0°C, -7°C, -12°C, and 22°C (control). Each bag of normal saline was warmed to 39°C using the SoftSack IV Fluid Warmer (Smithworks Med Inc, Lindale, TX)...
May 2017: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483229/use-of-three-dimensional-cad-cam-assisted-virtual-surgical-simulation-and-planning-in-the-pediatric-craniofacial-population
#5
Rachel Gray, Alexander Gougoutas, Vinh Nguyen, Jesse Taylor, Nicholas Bastidas
OBJECTIVE: Virtual Surgical Planning (VSP) and computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) have recently helped improve efficiency and accuracy in many different craniofacial surgeries. Research has mainly focused on the use in the adult population with the exception of the use for mandibular distractions and cranial vault remodeling in the pediatric population. This study aims to elucidate the role of VSP and CAD/CAM in complex pediatric craniofacial cases by exploring its use in the correction of midface hypoplasia, orbital dystopia, mandibular reconstruction, and posterior cranial vault expansion...
June 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482248/experimental-study-of-the-strain-rate-dependence-of-a-synthetic-gel-for-ballistic-blunt-trauma-assessment
#6
A Bracq, G Haugou, R Delille, F Lauro, S Roth, O Mauzac
The mechanical characterization of a polymer gel used as reference backing material for blunt ballistic impact interpretation is performed at room temperature from quasi-static (0.002s(-1)) up to high strain rates (1500s(-1)). As very high strain tensile tests (350%) are conducted, an appropriate gripping device and particular strain measurement techniques are used, as well as high strain compressive tests (80%) based on retro lighting imaging. One major challenge is to carry out reliable compressive tests at high strain rates with polymeric split Hopkinson pressure bars using high-speed imaging and specific signal processing software...
April 29, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470438/a-novel-physical-colonoscopy-simulator-based-on-analysis-of-data-from-computed-tomography-colonography
#7
Katsuhisa Noda, Takatoshi Kitada, Yasumoto Suzuki, Hugh Shunsuke Colvin, Taishi Hata, Tsunekazu Mizushima
PURPOSE: Laparoscopic surgery is now practiced widely because of its lower postoperative morbidity. As flexible endoscopy during laparoscopic surgery minimizes surgical trauma further, training in endoscopy will become more important for surgeons. Thus, we designed a physical simulator, the Noda-Kitada-Suzuki (NKS) model, which could provide the more realistic insertion of a colonoscope. METHODS: We designed a colonoscopy simulator, based on information from computed tomography colonography scans of the anatomy and kinetic properties of the colon and rectum...
May 3, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464946/evaluating-the-biomechanical-effects-of-implant-diameter-in-case-of-facial-trauma-to-an-edentulous-atrophic-mandible-a-3d-finite-element-analysis
#8
Aysa Ayali, Kani Bilginaylar
BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation using an implant supported overdenture with two implants inserted in the interforaminal region is the easiest and currently accepted treatment modality to increase prosthetic stabilization and patient satisfaction in edentulous patients. The insertion of implants to the weakend mandibular bone decreases the strength of the bone and may lead to fractures either during or after implant placement. The aim of this three dimensional finite element analysis (3D FEA) study was to evaluate the biomechanical effects of implant diameter in case of facial trauma (2000 N) to an edentulous atrophic mandible with two implant supported overdenture...
May 2, 2017: Head & Face Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461994/ureterorenoscopy-training-on-cadavers-embalmed-by-thiel-s-method-simulation-or-a-further-step-towards-reality-initial-report
#9
Edward Mains, Benjie Tang, Tomasz Golabek, Tomasz Wiatr, Gillian Ross, Alan Duncan, Duncan Howie, Iain Tait, Piotr Chłosta, Sławomir G Kata
INTRODUCTION: The technique of ureterorenoscopy has a significant learning curve. Cadavers embalmed by the Thiel method have been successfully used for simulation training in a number of surgical specialties. Here we present our experience of the first use of Thiel cadavers in a formal ureteroscopy training course. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The inaugural 'Masterclass in Flexible Ureterorenoscopy' was run with participants performing ureterorenoscopy on three Thiel cadavers under expert supervision...
2017: Central European Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457876/comparative-analysis-of-simulated-versus-live-patient-based-fast-focused-assessment-with-sonography-for-trauma-training
#10
Yen-Yi Juo, Chi Quach, Jonathan Hiatt, O Joe Hines, Areti Tillou, Sigrid Burruss
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether simulated patient (SP)-based training has comparable efficacy as live patient (LP)-based training in teaching Focused Abdominal Sonography for Trauma (FAST) knowledge and skill competencies to surgical residents. DESIGN: A randomized pretest/intervention/posttest controlled study design was employed to compare the participants' performance in written and practical examinations regarding FAST examination after SP-based versus LP-based training...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422820/comparison-of-the-etview-single-lumen-and-macintosh-laryngoscopes-for-endotracheal-intubation-in-an-airway-manikin-with-immobilized-cervical-spine-by-novice-paramedics-a-randomized-crossover-manikin-trial
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Pawel Gawlowski, Jacek Smereka, Marcin Madziala, Barak Cohen, Kurt Ruetzler, Lukasz Szarpak
CONTEXT: Management of the airway of a trauma victim is considered challenging. Various approaches have been described to achieve airway control in this setup; many of them include video-assited viewing of the larynx during intubation. ETView Single Lumen (SL) is a novice single-use endotracheal tube equiped with a video camera and a light source at its distal tip. Its use was previously described in seeral clinical and training setups. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate the efficacy of the VivaSight SL compared with classic direct laryngoscopy performed with a Macintosh blade in a manikin-simulated trauma setup presenting various degrees of airway challenge when performed by inexperienced physicians...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414985/sharp-and-blunt-force-trauma-concealment-by-thermal-alteration-in-homicides-an-in-vitro-experiment-for-methodology-and-protocol-development-in-forensic-anthropological-analysis-of-burnt-bones
#12
Ioana Macoveciuc, Nicholas Márquez-Grant, Ian Horsfall, Peter Zioupos
Burning of human remains is one method used by perpetrators to conceal fatal trauma and expert opinions regarding the degree of skeletal evidence concealment are often disparate. This experiment aimed to reduce this incongruence in forensic anthropological interpretation of burned human remains and implicitly contribute to the development of research methodologies sufficiently robust to withstand forensic scrutiny in the courtroom. We have tested the influence of thermal alteration on pre-existing sharp and blunt trauma on twenty juvenile sheep radii in the laboratory using an automated impact testing system and an electric furnace...
March 29, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413282/comparison-of-success-of-tracheal-intubation-using-macintosh-laryngoscope-assisted-bonfils-fiberscope-and-truview-video-laryngoscope-in-simulated-difficult-airway
#13
Bangaru Vivek, R Sripriya, Gayatri Mishra, M Ravishankar, S Parthasarathy
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Restriction of head and neck movements prevents the alignment of the oral, pharyngeal, and laryngeal axes and increases the incidence of difficult tracheal intubation in patients with cervical spine fractures. Video laryngoscopes have gained an important role in the management of difficult intubation, especially in situations with limited head and neck movements. This study compares the success of intubation using Macintosh laryngoscope assisted Bonfils(®) fiberscope (ML-BF) with Truview(PCD) video laryngoscope (TV) in patients with simulated restricted head and neck movements...
January 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406438/u-s-trends-of-ed-visits-for-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injuries-implications-for-clinical-trials
#14
Cheng Chen, Junxin Shi, Rachel M Stanley, Eric A Sribnick, Jonathan I Groner, Henry Xiang
Our goal in this paper was to use the 2006-2013 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) database to describe trends of annual patient number, patient demographics and hospital characteristics of pediatric traumatic brain injuries (TBI) treated in U.S. emergency departments (EDs); and to use the same database to estimate the available sample sizes for various clinical trials of pediatric TBI cases. National estimates of patient demographics and hospital characteristics were calculated for pediatric TBI...
April 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401399/intelligent-viewpoint-selection-for-efficient-ct-to-video-registration-in-laparoscopic-liver-surgery
#15
Maria R Robu, Philip Edwards, João Ramalhinho, Stephen Thompson, Brian Davidson, David Hawkes, Danail Stoyanov, Matthew J Clarkson
PURPOSE: Minimally invasive surgery offers advantages over open surgery due to a shorter recovery time, less pain and trauma for the patient. However, inherent challenges such as lack of tactile feedback and difficulty in controlling bleeding lower the percentage of suitable cases. Augmented reality can show a better visualisation of sub-surface structures and tumour locations by fusing pre-operative CT data with real-time laparoscopic video. Such augmented reality visualisation requires a fast and robust video to CT registration that minimises interruption to the surgical procedure...
April 11, 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394205/a-three-dimensional-computational-human-head-model-that-captures-live-human-brain-dynamics
#16
Shailesh Ganpule, Nitin P Daphalapurkar, Kaliat T Ramesh, Andrew K Knutsen, Dzung L Pham, Philip V Bayly, Jerry L Prince
Diffuse axonal injury (DAI) is a debilitating consequence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) attributed to abnormal stretching of axons caused by blunt head trauma or acceleration of the head. We developed an anatomically accurate, subject-specific, three-dimensional (3D) computational model of the human brain, and used it to study the dynamic deformations in the substructures of the brain when the head is subjected to rotational accelerations. The computational head models use anatomy and morphology of the white matter fibers obtained using MRI...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374792/cell-based-secondary-prevention-of-childbirth-induced-pelvic-floor-trauma
#17
REVIEW
Geertje Callewaert, Marina Monteiro Carvalho Mori Da Cunha, Nikhil Sindhwani, Maurilio Sampaolesi, Maarten Albersen, Jan Deprest
With advancing population age, pelvic-floor dysfunction (PFD) will affect an increasing number of women. Many of these women wish to maintain active lifestyles, indicating an urgent need for effective strategies to treat or, preferably, prevent the occurrence of PFD. Childbirth and pregnancy have both long been recognized as crucial contributing factors in the pathophysiology of PFD. Vaginal delivery of a child is a serious traumatic event, causing anatomical and functional changes in the pelvic floor. Similar changes to those experienced during childbirth can be found in symptomatic women, often many years after delivery...
April 4, 2017: Nature Reviews. Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366252/-the-hospital-care-of-victims-of-terrorist-attacks
#18
Assena Bouhaddou, Nathalie Nion, Bruno Riou, Fanny Blandeau, Pilar Moreau, Sofia Guemache
The treatment of victims of terrorist attacks in a trauma centre requires the putting in place of plans, training and simulation exercises. Previous experiences have highlighted the areas which require improvement. As exceptional health situations are unpredictable, it is essential to always be vigilant and prepared for an unforeseen event.
April 2017: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365535/a-systematic-review-of-the-usefulness-of-pre-employment-and-pre-duty-screening-in-predicting-mental-health-outcomes-amongst-emergency-workers
#19
REVIEW
Ruth E Marshall, Josie S Milligan-Saville, Philip B Mitchell, Richard A Bryant, Samuel B Harvey
Despite a lack of proven efficacy, pre-employment or pre-duty screening, which alleges to test for vulnerability to PTSD and other mental health disorders, remains common amongst emergency services. This systematic review aimed to determine the usefulness of different factors in predicting mental disorder amongst emergency workers and to inform practice regarding screening procedures. Systematic searches were conducted in MEDLINE, PsycINFO and EMBASE to identify cohort studies linking pre-employment or pre-duty measures in first responders with later mental health outcomes...
March 30, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355934/simulation-based-trauma-education-for-medical-students-a-review-of-literature
#20
Alicia S Borggreve, Joost M R Meijer, Henk W R Schreuder, Olle Ten Cate
BACKGROUND: Medical students often do not feel prepared to manage emergency situations after graduation. They experience a lack of practical skills and show significant deficits in cognitive performance to assess and stabilize trauma patients. Most reports in the literature about simulation-based education pertain to postgraduate training. Simulation-based trauma education (SBTE) in undergraduate medical education could improve confidence and performance of recently graduated doctors in trauma resuscitation...
March 30, 2017: Medical Teacher
keyword
keyword
116422
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"