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Kálmán Havasi, Péter Domsik, Anita Kalapos, Jackie S McGhie, Jolien W Roos-Hesselink, Tamás Forster, Attila Nemes
Background: Three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography coupled with speckle-tracking echocardiographic (STE) capability is a novel methodology which has been demontrated to be useful for the assessment of left atrial (LA) volumes and functional properties. There is increased scientific interest on myocardial deformation analysis in adult patients with corrected tetralogy of Fallot (cTOF). Objectives: To compare LA volumes, volume-based functional properties and strain parameters between cTOF patients and age- and gender-matched healthy controls...
February 13, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Jean Allan Costa, Maria Lucia Pereira Almeida, Tereza Cristina Duque Estrada, Guilherme Lobosco Werneck, Alexandre Marins Rocha, Maria Luiza Garcia Rosa, Mario Luiz Ribeiro, Claudio Tinoco Mesquita
Background: The ultraportable echocardiogram machine, with relevant portability and easiness in performing diagnoses, when in experienced hands, may contribute to the reliability of preoperative evaluation in noncardiac surgeries. Objectives: To assess cardiac function parameters in patients aged older than 60 years, candidates of elective noncardiac surgeries, classified as ASA1 or ASA 2 according to surgical risk. Methods: A total of 211 patients referred for elective surgeries, without suspicion of previous heart diseases, were included in the study...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Costantino Roberto Frack Costantini, Jose Antonio Ramires, Costantino Ortiz Costantini, Marcos Antonio Denk, Sergio Gustavo Tarbine, Marcelo de Freitas Santos, Daniel Aníbal Zanuttini, Carmen Weigert Silveira, Admar Moraes de Souza, Rafael Michel de Macedo
BACKGROUND: Functional assessment of coronary artery obstruction is used in cardiology practice to correlate anatomic obstructions with flow decrease. Among such assessments, the study of the coronary fractional flow reserve (FFR) has become the most widely used. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the correlation between FFR and findings of ischemia obtained by noninvasive methods including stress echocardiography and nuclear medicine and the presence of critical coronary artery obstruction...
January 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Yalin Tolga Yaylali, Ahmet Saricopur, Mustafa Yurtdas, Hande Senol, Gamze Gokoz-Dogu
Background: Atrial electromechanical delay (EMD) is used to predict atrial fibrillation, measured by echocardiography. Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess atrial EMD and mechanical function after anthracycline-containing chemotherapy. Methods: Fifty-three patients with breast cancer (48 ± 8 years old) who received 240 mg/m2of Adriamycin, 2400 mg/m2 of cyclophosphamide, and 960 mg/m2 of paclitaxel were included in this retrospective study, as were 42 healthy subjects (47 ± 9 years old)...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Hakan Ozkan, Suleyman Binici, Erhan Tenekecioglu, Hasan Ari, Tahsin Bozat
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia seen in adults. Atrial stunning is defined as the temporary mechanical dysfunction of the atrial appendage developing after AF has returned to sinus rhythm (SR). OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate atrial contractile functions by strain and strain rate in patients with AF, following pharmacological and electrical cardioversion and to compare it with conventional methods. METHODS: This study included 41 patients with persistent AF and 35 age-matched control cases with SR...
October 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Donato Mele, Matteo Bertini, Antonello D'Andrea, Andrea Fiorencis, Michele Malagù, Francesca Casadei, Eugenia De Marco, Maurizio Galderisi, Stefano Nistri
Cardiac resynchronization therapy is an established approach for the treatment of patients with heart failure and left ventricular systolic dysfunction. In most centers, these patients are usually evaluated by echocardiography, which allows collecting a number of cardiac anatomical and functional parameters in a non-invasive, repeatable way and without exposure to ionizing radiation. However, over the years, clinical studies have sometimes emphasized and sometimes reduced the role of this method in the setting of cardiac resynchronization therapy for cardiac dyssynchrony evaluation, prognostic stratification of patients, optimization of pacing, and follow-up...
June 2015: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
Frederico José Neves Mancuso, Vicente Nicoliello Siqueira, Valdir Ambrósio Moisés, Aécio Flavio Teixeira Gois, Angelo Amato Vincenzo de Paola, Antonio Carlos Camargo Carvalho, Orlando Campos
Background: Cardiovascular urgencies are frequent reasons for seeking medical care. Prompt and accurate medical diagnosis is critical to reduce the morbidity and mortality of these conditions. Objective: To evaluate the use of a pocket-size echocardiography in addition to clinical history and physical exam in a tertiary medical emergency care. Methods: One hundred adult patients without known cardiac or lung diseases who sought emergency care with cardiac complaints were included. Patients with ischemic changes in the electrocardiography or fever were excluded...
October 28, 2014: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Ana Carla Pereira de Araujo, Bruno F de Oliveira Santos, Flavia Ricci Calasans, Ibraim M Francisco Pinto, Daniel Pio de Oliveira, Luiza Dantas Melo, Stephanie Macedo Andrade, Irlaneide da Silva Tavares, Antonio Carlos Sobral Sousa, Joselina Luzia Menezes Oliveira
Background: Studies have demonstrated the diagnostic accuracy and prognostic value of physical stress echocardiography in coronary artery disease. However, the prediction of mortality and major cardiac events in patients with exercise test positive for myocardial ischemia is limited. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of physical stress echocardiography in the prediction of mortality and major cardiac events in patients with exercise test positive for myocardial ischemia. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort in which 866 consecutive patients with exercise test positive for myocardial ischemia, and who underwent physical stress echocardiography were studied...
October 28, 2014: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Cesare de Gregorio, Antonio Vittorio Panno
This review addresses some practical aspects of Doppler echocardiography and how to perform it in outpatients with heart failure, in an attempt to make the diagnostic protocols more effective and less expensive for the national healthcare system. This problem comes from the relevant percentage of redundant echocardiographic exams that are irrelevant for the appropriate clinical management. The most important echocardiographic indices to be used for making diagnosis of left ventricular systolic and/or diastolic dysfunction are also discussed...
May 2011: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
Gustavo Restrepo, Pedro Gutiérrez Fajardo, Jorge Lowenstein, Adolfo Paz-Ardaya, Marcelo L C Vieira, Salvador Spina, Samuel Córdova-Alvéstegui, Alvaro Beltrán, Nelson Pizzano, Héctor Revilla-Alcocer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2011: Archivos de Cardiología de México
Donato Mele, Maurizio Galderisi, Luigi Badano, Eustachio Agricola, Stefano Nistri, Susanna Sciomer, Piercarlo Ballo, Simona Buralli, Antonello D'Andrea, Arcangelo D'Errico, Maria Angela Losi, Sergio Mondillo
Echocardiography is the most commonly used imaging technique in current clinical cardiology practice and is usually performed using a monoplane approach. In recent years new matrix-array transducers have become available that allow the real-time simultaneous display of two or more echocardiographic scanning planes from the same acoustic window. This multiplane approach is particularly interesting as it may reduce, during the examination, the number of probe movements and consequently facilitate image acquisition...
December 2010: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
Roberta Esposito, Luigi P Badano, Denisa Muraru, Eustachio Agricola, Donato Mele, Susanna Sciomer, Stefano Nistri, Maurizio Galderisi, Sergio Mondillo
Tricuspid valve (TV) morphology and function evaluation plays a key role in several cardiac diseases, including left-sided valvular diseases and heart failure. However, TV is structurally complex and, differently from aortic and mitral valves, cannot be visualized in a single two-dimensional echocardiographic view, neither transthoracic nor transesophageal (i.e., simultaneous imaging of the three TV leaflets and their attachment to the annulus is not feasible). Conversely, real-time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography allows complete visualization of the TV apparatus from multiple views...
July 2010: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
Eustachio Agricola, Luigi P Badano, Donato Mele, Maurizio Galderisi, Roberto Spoladore, Michele Oppizzi, Susanna Sciomer, Stefano Nistri, Piercarlo Ballo, Simona Buralli, Antonello D'Andrea, Arcangelo D'Errico, Maria Angela Losi, Chiara Gardini, Alberto Margonato, Paolo Nicola Marino, Sergio Mondillo
The introduction of three-dimensional echocardiography and its evolution from time-consuming and cumbersome off-line reconstruction to real-time volumetric technique (real-time three-dimensional echocardiography) are one of the most significant advances in ultrasound imaging of the heart of the past decade. This imaging modality currently provides realistic views of cardiac valves capable of demonstrating the anatomy of various heart valve diseases in a unique, noninvasive manner. In addition, real-time three-dimensional echocardiography offers completely new views of the valves and surrounding structures, and allows accurate quantification of severity of valve disease...
July 2010: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
Alberto Palazzuoli, Maurizio Galderisi, Maddalena Gallotta, Susanna Sciomer, Stefano Nistri, Eustachio Agricola, Piercarlo Ballo, Simona Buralli, Antonello D'Andrea, Arcangelo D'Errico, Maria Angela Losi, Donato Mele, Sergio Mondillo, Ranuccio Nuti
Several studies have demonstrated the usefulness of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) dosage in patients referring for acute dyspnea in the emergency department. BNP is strongly associated not only with the evidence but even with the degree of heart failure, and BNP values are particularly increased in the advanced NYHA classes and in patients with poor prognosis. High BNP levels correlate with echocardiographic indexes of left ventricular and right ventricular systolic dysfunction but even better with diastolic dysfunction and degree of left ventricular filling pressure...
August 2009: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
Antonello D'Andrea, Maurizio Galderisi, Susanna Sciomer, Stefano Nistri, Eustachio Agricola, Piercarlo Ballo, Simona Buralli, Arcangelo D'Errico, Maria Angela Losi, Donato Mele, Sergio Mondillo
The definition of the athlete's heart includes the mechanisms of cardiac adaptation to training, characterized by the increase of internal chamber dimensions, ventricular wall thickness, and atrial chambers. The morphology of the athlete's heart is intermediate between concentric and eccentric left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), in relation to the large prevalence of mixed sports activities and training protocols (including both aerobic and anaerobic exercise). Echocardiography is the tool of choice for the assessment of the athlete's heart and also for the differentiation of physiologic and pathologic LVH (hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and LVH due to arterial hypertension)...
August 2009: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
Donato Mele, Eustachio Agricola, Maurizio Galderisi, Susanna Sciomer, Stefano Nistri, Piercarlo Ballo, Simona Buralli, Antonello D'Andrea, Arcangelo D'Errico, Maria Angela Losi, Sergio Mondillo
In the last decades the introduction and development of echocardiography allowed a significant improvement in the diagnosis as well as in the morphological and functional evaluation of several heart diseases, and today many therapeutic decisions are taken based on the results of the echocardiographic examination. One of the most important development in the field of echocardiography is three-dimensional imaging, which has evolved from the slow and labor-intense off-line reconstruction techniques to the faster and simpler real-time volumetric imaging, which has the potential to be integrated in routine clinical practice...
August 2009: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
Ricardo E Ronderos, Fernando Morcerf, Mario Boskis, Diomedes CorneliI, Gina Cuenca, Pedro Gutiérrez Fajardo, Manuel Pinto Soazo, Nelson Pizzano, Héctor Revilla, Jeane Mike Tsutsui, Wilson Mathias Junior
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2007: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Frank Lloyd Dini, Simona Buralli, Sabina Gallina, Maurizio Galderisi, Donato Mele, Sergio Mondillo, Eustachio Agricola, Vitantonio Di Bello, Susanna Sciomer, Gerardo Ansalone, Giovanni Di Salvo, Roberta Montisci, Stefano Nistri, Gian Marco Rosa, Paolo Nicola Marino
The possibilities of applying the laws of dynamics to the study of myocardial mechanics are remarkable and to some extent neglected to characterize ventricular performance by the imaging techniques. There are potentially useful applications derived from the analyses of Doppler flow velocity profiles of left ventricular outflow to be applied to the study of cardiovascular dynamics. They include ejection force, pressure-volume work and ventricular power. All these variables require measurements that are easy to obtain even during a standard examination, like stroke volume, ventricular outflow velocity, and the velocity-time integral...
August 2008: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
Susanna Sciomer, Maurizio Galderisi, Damiano Magrí, Costanza Goffredo, Gerardo Ansalone, Frank Lloyd Dini, Giovanni Di Salvo, Sabina Gallina, Donato Mele, Roberta Montisci, Stefano Nistri, Sergio Mondillo, Vitantonio Di Bello, Paolo Nicola Marino et al.
The objective of this review was to explore the clinical relevance of Doppler echocardiographic techniques in the evaluation of right and left ventricular function. It is well known that echocardiographic and Doppler analysis are able to provide information about several hemodynamic parameters, such as cardiac output, diastolic filling pressure, vascular resistances and pulmonary arterial pressures. This integrated approach, completely reliable and non-invasive, could allow to obtain useful information not only from a diagnostic and prognostic point of view but also for a potential therapeutic management, either pharmacological or surgical...
August 2008: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
Nuno Cardim, Luís Moura, Pedro Cordeiro et al.
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2007: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
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