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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806744/sustainability-of-knowledge-implementation-in-a-low-and-middle-income-context-experiences-from-a-facilitation-project-in-vietnam-targeting-maternal-and-neonatal-health
#1
Leif Eriksson, Anna Bergström, Dinh Thi Phuong Hoa, Nguyen Thu Nga, Ann Catrine Eldh
BACKGROUND: In a previous trial in Vietnam, a facilitation strategy to secure evidence-based practice in primary care resulted in reduced neonatal mortality over a period of three years. While little is known as to what ensures sustainability in the implementation of community-based strategies, the aim of this study was to investigate factors promoting or hindering implementation, and sustainability of knowledge implementation strategies, by means of the former Neonatal Knowledge Into Practice (NeoKIP) trial...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806685/ecofriendly-gold-nanoparticles-lysozyme-interaction-thermodynamical-perspectives
#2
Swarup Roy, Shailendra K Saxena, Suryakant Mishra, Priyanka Yogi, P R Sagdeo, Rajesh Kumar
In the featured work interaction between biosynthesized gold nanoparticles (GNP) and lysozyme (Lys) has been studied using multi-spectroscopic approach. A moderate association constant (Kapp) of 2.66×10(4)L/mol has been observed indicative of interactive nature. The binding constant (Kb) was 1.99, 6.30 and 31.6×10(4)L/mol at 291, 298 and 305K respectively and the number of binding sites (n) was found to be approximately one. Estimated values of thermodynamic parameters (Enthalpy change, ΔH=141.99kJ/mol, entropy change, ΔS=570J/mol/K, Gibbs free energy change, ΔG=-27...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806645/evaluation-of-the-binding-of-four-anti-tumor-casiope%C3%A3-nas%C3%A2-to-human-serum-albumin
#3
Isabel Correia, Sladjana Borovic, Isabel Cavaco, Cristina P Matos, Somnath Roy, Hugo M Santos, Luz Fernandes, José L Capelo, Lena Ruiz-Azuara, João Costa Pessoa
The metal complexes designated by Casiopeínas® are mixed-ligand Cu(II)-compounds some of them having promising antineoplastic properties. We report studies of binding of Cu(glycinato)(4,7-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline) (Cas-II-Gly (1)), Cu(acetylacetonato)(4,7-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline) (Cas-III-Ea (2)), Cu(glycinato)(4,4'-dimethyl-2,2'-bipyridine) (Cas-IV-Gly (3)) and Cu(acetylacetonato)(4,4'-dimethyl-2,2'-bipyridine) (Cas-III-ia (4)) to human serum albumin (HSA) by circular dichroism (CD), Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and fluorescence spectroscopy...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806559/assessment-of-chemicals-released-in-the-marine-environment-by-dielectric-elastomers-useful-as-active-elements-in-wave-energy-harvesters
#4
Mirela-Fernanda Zaltariov, Adrian Bele, Lavinia Vasiliu, Luiza Gradinaru, Nicoleta Vornicu, Carmen Racles, Maria Cazacu
A series of elastomers, either natural or synthetic (some of them commercial, while others prepared in the laboratory), suitable for use as active elements in devices for wave energy harvesting, were evaluated concerning their behavior and effects on the marine environment. In this aim, the elastomer films, initially evaluated regarding their aspect, structure, surface wettability, and tolerance of microorganisms growth, were immersed in synthetic seawater (SSW) within six months for assessing compounds released...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806549/liming-impacts-on-soils-crops-and-biodiversity-in-the-uk-a-review
#5
REVIEW
J E Holland, A E Bennett, A C Newton, P J White, B M McKenzie, T S George, R J Pakeman, J S Bailey, D A Fornara, R C Hayes
Fertile soil is fundamental to our ability to achieve food security, but problems with soil degradation (such as acidification) are exacerbated by poor management. Consequently, there is a need to better understand management approaches that deliver multiple ecosystem services from agricultural land. There is global interest in sustainable soil management including the re-evaluation of existing management practices. Liming is a long established practice to ameliorate acidic soils and many liming-induced changes are well understood...
August 11, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806544/decadal-analysis-of-impact-of-future-climate-on-wheat-production-in-dry-mediterranean-environment-a-case-of-jordan
#6
Prakash N Dixit, Roberto Telleria, Amal N Al Khatib, Siham F Allouzi
Different aspects of climate change, such as increased temperature, changed rainfall and higher atmospheric CO2 concentration, all have different effects on crop yields. Process-based crop models are the most widely used tools for estimating future crop yield responses to climate change. We applied APSIM crop simulation model in a dry Mediterranean climate with Jordan as sentinel site to assess impact of climate change on wheat production at decadal level considering two climate change scenarios of representative concentration pathways (RCP) viz...
August 11, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806503/identification-of-the-dimer-exchange-interface-of-the-bacterial-dna-damage-response-protein-umud
#7
David A Murison, Rebecca C Timson, Bilyana Koleva, Michael Ordazzo, Penny J Beuning
The Escherichia coli SOS response, an induced DNA damage response pathway, confers survival on bacterial cells by providing accurate repair mechanisms as well as the potentially mutagenic pathway translesion synthesis (TLS). The umuD gene products are upregulated after DNA damage and play roles in both non-mutagenic and mutagenic aspects of the SOS response. Full-length UmuD is expressed as a homodimer of 139-amino-acid subunits, which eventually cleaves its N-terminal 24 amino acids to form UmuD'. The cleavage product, UmuD', together with UmuC, form the Y-family polymerase DNA Pol V (UmuD'2C) capable of performing TLS...
August 14, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806279/ce-can-your-older-patients-drive-safely
#8
Loren Staplin, Kathy H Lococo, Tia Mastromatto, Kathy J Sifrit, Kathleen M Trazzera
A review of the functional impairments and situations that put older drivers at risk. ABSTRACT: In many areas of the world, driving is an essential part of life and for reasons of comfort, convenience, and security remains the primary mode of transportation among older adults. Both normal aging and diseases that are more prevalent in advanced age can substantially reduce older drivers' functional abilities, elevating their risk of involvement in motor vehicle accidents and serious injury or death...
August 10, 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806277/nursing-faculty-attitudes-and-practices-related-to-online-teaching
#9
Lisa Broussard, Kathleen Wilson
Online education as a teaching methodology is relatively new in higher education in comparison to traditional face-to-face instruction. There is often concern that the quality of online classes is inferior and that academic rigor is compromised when faculty are not engaged with students in a classroom. The purpose of this pilot study was to assess nursing faculty attitudes and practices regarding online teaching. Findings indicated that overall, faculty feel that achievement of student learning outcomes in online and hybrid settings is comparable to face-to-face and report excitement with most aspects of teaching online...
August 10, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806274/transfusion-related-immunomodulation-a-reappraisal
#10
Lyla A Youssef, Steven L Spitalnik
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes current and prior observations regarding transfusion-related immunomodulation (TRIM) and puts these ideas into a modern immunological context, incorporating concepts from innate, adaptive, and nutritional immunity. We propose that TRIM research focus on determining whether there are specific, well-defined immunosuppressive effects from transfusing 'pure' red blood cells (RBCs) themselves, along with the by-products produced by the stored RBCs as a result of the 'storage lesion...
August 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806187/pain-is-an-underestimated-symptom-in-cystic-fibrosis
#11
Alexandra Masson, Maya Kirszembaum, Isabelle Sermet-Gaudelus
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Life expectancy is increasing in cystic fibrosis and new aspects of the disease have to be taken into account in cystic fibrosis care. RECENT FINDINGS: Pain is encountered among 70% of adult and pediatric patients with cystic fibrosis. This symptom is underestimated by the multidisciplinary team. It has been reported as impacting quality of life and adherence to treatments. The location of pain is inconstant among the different studies but the major symptoms are headaches, gastrointestinal, and chest pain...
August 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806170/tips-from-the-embryonic-lung
#12
Avinash Waghray, Jayaraj Rajagopal
A new source of progenitor cells can now be used to study hidden aspects of human lung development and pediatric lung disease.
August 14, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806160/delirium-in-hospitalized-patients-risks-and-benefits-of-antipsychotics
#13
REVIEW
Robyn Pauline Thom, Clare Kelleher Mock, Polina Teslyar
Consensus panel guidelines advocate for the judicious use of antipsychotic drugs to manage delirium in hospitalized patients when nonpharmacologic measures fail and the patient is in significant distress from symptoms, poses a safety risk to self or others, or is impeding essential aspects of his or her medical care. Here, we review the use of haloperidol, olanzapine, quetiapine, risperidone, and aripiprazole for this purpose.
August 2017: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806141/cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-saudi-arabia-a-comprehensive-overview
#14
Abuzaid A Abuzaid, Abdalmohsin M Abdoon, Mohamed A Aldahan, Abdullah G Alzahrani, Raaft F Alhakeem, Abdullah M Asiri, Mohamed H Alzahrani, Ziad A Memish
Despite the great efforts by health authorities in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) continues to be a major public health problem in the country. Many risk factors make KSA prone to outbreaks and epidemics; among these, rapid urbanization and the huge population movement are the most important. The disease is endemic in many parts of KSA, with the majority of cases concentrated in six regions, including Al-Qaseem, Riyadh, Al-Hassa, Aseer, Ha'il, and Al-Madinah. Leishmania major (L...
August 14, 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806125/changing-avatars-changing-selves-the-influence-of-social-and-contextual-expectations-on-digital-rendition-of-identity
#15
Stefano Triberti, Ilaria Durosini, Filippo Aschieri, Daniela Villani, Giuseppe Riva
Avatar creation is an interesting topic for both video game and social network studies. Research has shown that the creation of avatars is influenced by individual, contextual, and cultural features. Avatars are used to represent aspects of users' personality, but multiple avatars are used in different virtual contexts, as self-presentation strategies may vary according to the different "audiences" to be met online (say: friends, or strangers). Moreover, avatar creation is also influenced by cultural variables, such as gender, as avatars embody stereotypical aspects of being a woman or a man...
August 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806111/-effectiveness-of-mindfulness-based-cancer-recovery-mbcr-program-among-hungarian-cancer-patients
#16
Magda Rohánszky, Károly Berényi, Dóra Fridrik, Henriette Pusztafalvi
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: Employment of mindfulness-based programs and techniques in the treatment of cancer patients have spread exponentially in the past decade. A large number of studies have proved the effectiveness of the program in the reduction of stress symptoms, depression and anxiety, and the improvement of sleep and mood patterns. The present study was done at Firebird Foundation and examines the effectiveness of the complex, MBCR (mindfulness-based cancer recovery)-based psycho-social intervention in the treatment of cancer patients...
August 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806058/metalloproteases-of-the-inner-mitochondrial-membrane
#17
Roman Levytskyy, Iryna Bohovych, Oleh Khalimonchuk
The inner mitochondrial membrane (IM) is among most protein-rich cellular compartments. The metastable IM sub-proteome where the concentration of proteins is approaching oversaturation creates a challenging protein folding environment with high probability for protein malfunction or aggregation. Failure to maintain protein homeostasis in such a setting can impair functional integrity of the mitochondria and drive clinical manifestations. The IM is equipped with a series of highly conserved, proteolytic complexes dedicated to the maintenance of normal protein homeostasis within this mitochondrial sub-compartment...
August 14, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806052/one-step-nanoscale-electrohydrodynamic-inkjet-three-dimensional-printing-technique-with-spontaneous-joule-heating
#18
Bin Zhang, Baekhoon Seong, Jaehyun Lee, VuDat Nguyen, DaeHyun Cho, Doyoung Byun
A one-step nanoscale electrohydrodynamic (EHD) inkjet three-dimensional (3D)-printing technique that is based on the drop-on-demand (DOD) operation for which an additional post-sintering process is not required is proposed. Both the numerical simulation and the experimental observations proved that nanoscale Joule heating occurs at the interface between the charged silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) because of the high electrical contact resistance during the printing process; this is the reason why an additional post-sintering process is not required...
August 14, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806025/brain-tuberculoma-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#19
Khalil Aloreidi, Jamal Dodin, Jeremy Berg, Wendell Hoffman
We are reporting on a rare case of central nervous system tuberculosis (TB) in the state of South Dakota. Our case features one of the most infrequent forms of TB in the brain: multiple tuberculomas. A 44-year-old immunocompetent man was admitted complaining of a headache and fever for a week. His physical exam was unremarkable. A magnetic resonance imaging scan of his brain showed two ring-enhancing lesions. The largest lesion was excised surgically and the histopathology exam was consistent with tuberculoma...
July 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805954/impact-of-caregiver-burden-on-mental-health-in-bereaved-caregivers-of-cancer-patients-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Julia Große, Julia Treml, Anette Kersting
BACKGROUND: Although caregiver burden may continue to influence the mental health of cancer patients' caregivers long after bereavement few studies have examined this issue. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted to provide a summary of (1) operationalizations of caregiver burden used in this field and (2) the effect of caregiver burden on post-bereavement mental health of adult caregivers of cancer patients. A systematic search of the electronic databases PubMed, Web of Science, and PsycINFO was conducted across empirical studies published in a peer-reviewed journal up until April 2017...
August 14, 2017: Psycho-oncology
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