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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737998/examination-of-the-patient-focused-impact-of-cancer-telegenetics-among-a-rural-population-comparison-with-traditional-in-person-services
#1
Nan M Solomons, Amanda E Lamb, Frances L Lucas, Eileen F McDonald, Susan Miesfeldt
BACKGROUND: Telecommunication models promise to improve access to cancer genetic counseling. Little is known about their impact among the geographically underserved. This work examined knowledge and emotional outcomes and attitudes/beliefs regarding cancer telegenetic services (via live-interactive videoconferencing) in Maine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cancer telegenetic patients seen at two remote sites and control (in-person) patients responded to pre-/postsurveys assessing care impact on hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC) knowledge and emotional health, ease of access to services, and telegenetics satisfaction/acceptability...
July 21, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724005/human-resources-for-health-global-crisis-and-international-cooperation
#2
Gustavo Zoio Portela, Amanda Cavada Fehn, Regina Lucia Sarmento Ungerer, Mario Roberto Dal Poz
From the 1990s onwards, national economies became connected and globalized. Changes in the demographic and epidemiological profile of the population highlighted the need for further discussions and strategies on Human Resources for Health (HRH). The health workforce crisis is a worldwide phenomenon. It includes: difficulties in attracting and retaining health professionals to work in rural and remote areas, poor distribution and high turnover of health staff particularly physicians, poor training of health workforces in new sanitation and demographic conditions and the production of scientific evidence to support HRH decision making, policy management, programs and interventions...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714134/implementation-of-oral-health-initiatives-by-australian-rural-communities-factors-for-success
#3
Judy Taylor, Karen Carlisle, Jane Farmer, Sarah Larkins, Virginia Dickson-Swift, Amanda Kenny
In this paper, we consider factors significant in the success of community participation in the implementation of new oral health services. Our analysis draws on data from the Rural Engaging Communities in Oral Health (Rural ECOH) study (2014-2016). We aimed to assess the Australian relevance of a Scottish community participation framework for health service development; Remote Service Futures. Internationally, community participation in planning of health initiatives is common, but less common in new service implementation...
July 16, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712410/achieving-self-sufficiency-training-australia-s-future-medical-workforce
#4
Brian Fernandes, Edward R Scheffer Cliff, Amelia Chowdhury
There is an oversupply of Australian junior doctors, but significant training bottlenecks are developing, and geographical maldistribution in rural and remote areas remains. Last year, the Federal Minister for Immigration rejected a Department of Health recommendation for the removal of 41 health roles from the Skilled Occupation List after concerns that rural and regional communities would be left without access to medical services in areas currently serviced by international medical graduates. In an effort to achieve workforce self-sufficiency, Australia must ensure access to high-quality vocational training places in rural and regional settings while managing immigration of overseas-trained health professionals...
July 17, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706765/trauma-and-hypothermia-in-antarctica-an-emergency-medicine-marine-simulation-scenario
#5
Chrystal Horwood, Kerry-Lynn Williams, Tate Skinner, Robert Brown, Tia Renouf, Adam Dubrowski
Simulation has been shown to improve both learner knowledge and patient outcomes. Many emergency medicine training programs incorporate simulation into their curricula to provide learners with experiences that are rare to encounter in practice, yet performance with a high degree of competence is critical. One rare encounter, which is depicted in the report, is the management of a trauma patient who was hypothermic after falling from an expedition vessel into the cold Southern Ocean. The unique scenario presented in this technical report incorporates CanMEDS learning objectives including the communicator, health advocate, and collaborator roles...
June 12, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701889/education-for-community-based-family-medicine-a-social-need-in-the-real-world
#6
REVIEW
Shin-Ichi Taniguchi, Daeho Park, Kazuoki Inoue, Toshihiro Hamada
One of the most critical social problems in Japan is the remarkable increase in the aging population. Elderly patients with a variety of complications and issues other than biomedical problems such as dementia and life support with nursing care have been also increasing. Ever since the Japanese economy started to decline after the economic bubble burst of 1991 and the Lehman Brothers bankruptcy in 2008, how we can resolve health problems of the elderly at a lower cost has become one of our most challenging social issues...
June 2017: Yonago Acta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701153/cost-effectiveness-of-an-ambulance-based-referral-system-for-emergency-obstetrical-and-neonatal-care-in-rural-ethiopia
#7
Sandro Accorsi, Edgardo Somigliana, Hagos Solomon, Tsegaye Ademe, Jofrey Woldegebriel, Biadgo Almaz, Mohammed Zemedu, Fabio Manenti, Akalu Tibebe, Pasquale Farese, Aberra Seifu, Serena Menozzi, Giovanni Putoto
BACKGROUND: To estimate the cost-effectiveness of an ambulance-based referral system an dedicated to emergency obstetrics and neonatal care (EmONC) in remote sub-Saharan settings. METHODS: In this prospective study performed in Oromiya Region (Ethiopia), all obstetrical cases referred to the hospital with the ambulance were consecutively evaluated during a three-months period. The health professionals who managed the referred cases were requested to identify those that could be considered as undoubtedly effective...
July 12, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697732/an-assessment-of-equity-in-the-distribution-of-non-financial-health-care-inputs-across-public-primary-health-care-facilities-in-tanzania
#8
August Kuwawenaruwa, Josephine Borghi, Michelle Remme, Gemini Mtei
BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence on how health care inputs are distributed from the sub-national level down to health facilities and their potential influence on promoting health equity. To address this gap, this paper assesses equity in the distribution of health care inputs across public primary health facilities at the district level in Tanzania. METHODS: This is a quantitative assessment of equity in the distribution of health care inputs (staff, drugs, medical supplies and equipment) from district to facility level...
July 11, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695615/sociodemographic-determinants-of-waitlist-and-post-transplant-survival-among-end-stage-liver-disease-patients
#9
Katherine Ross, Rachel E Patzer, David S Goldberg, Raymond J Lynch
While regional organ availability dominates discussions of distribution policy, community-level disparities remain poorly understood. We studied micro-geographic determinants of survival risk and their distribution across Donor Service Areas (DSAs). Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients records for all adults waitlisted for liver transplantation 2002-2014 were reviewed. The primary exposure variables were county-level sociodemographic risk, as measured by the Community Health Score, a previously-validated composite index local health conditions, and distance to listing transplant center...
July 11, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694267/mobility-of-us-rural-primary-care-physicians-during-2000-2014
#10
Matthew R McGrail, Peter M Wingrove, Stephen M Petterson, Andrew W Bazemore
PURPOSE: Despite considerable investment in increasing the number of primary care physicians in rural shortage areas, little is known about their movement rates and factors influencing their mobility. We aimed to characterize geographic mobility among rural primary care physicians, and to identify location and individual factors that influence such mobility. METHODS: Using data from the American Medical Association Physician Masterfile for each clinically active US physician, we created seven 2-year (biennial) mobility periods during 2000-2014...
July 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692543/impact-and-economic-evaluation-of-a-novel-hiv-service-delivery-model-in-rural-malawi
#11
Ryan K McBain, Elizabeth Petersen, Nora Tophof, Elizabeth Dunbar, Noel Kalanga, Lawrence Nazimera, Andrew Mganga, Luckson Dullie, Joia Mukherjee, Emily B Wroe
OBJECTIVE: We performed an impact and cost-effectiveness analysis of a novel HIV service delivery model in a high prevalence, remote district of Malawi with a population of 143,800 people. DESIGN: A population-based retrospective analysis of one-year survival rates among newly-enrolled HIV+ patients at 682 health facilities throughout Malawi, comparing facilities implementing the service delivery model (n = 13) and those implementing care-as-usual (n = 669)...
July 7, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684916/simulated-interprofessional-learning-activities-for-rural-health-care-services-perceptions-of-health-care-students
#12
Selina Taylor, Yaqoot Fatima, Navaratnam Lakshman, Helen Roberts
BACKGROUND: The literature on interprofessional learning (IPL) has limited empirical evidence on the impact of simulated IPL sessions in promoting collaborative health care services in rural settings. This study aims to explore health care students' perception of the relevance of simulated IPL for rural health care services. METHODS: Three focus group interviews were held with pre-registration medical, pharmacy, and allied health students (n=22). Students worked together to manage complex simulation scenarios in small interprofessional teams...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683808/up-close-and-real-living-and-learning-in-a-remote-community-builds-students-cultural-capabilities-and-understanding-of-health-disparities
#13
Rosalie D Thackrah, Maeva Hall, Kathryn Fitzgerald, Sandra C Thompson
BACKGROUND: Rural and remote communities in Australia fare worse than their urban counterparts across major health indicators, with geographic isolation, restricted accessibility to health services, socioeconomic disadvantage, lifestyle and behavioural factors all implicated in poorer health outcomes. Health disparities, which are especially stark in Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations, underscore the urgent need to build a culturally responsive and respectful rural health workforce...
July 6, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675882/characterizing-spatiotemporal-dynamics-in-phenology-of-urban-ecosystems-based-on-landsat-data
#14
Xuecao Li, Yuyu Zhou, Ghassem R Asrar, Lin Meng
Seasonal phenology of vegetation plays an important role in global carbon cycle and ecosystem productivity. In urban environments, vegetation phenology is also important because of its influence on public health (e.g., allergies), and energy demand (e.g. cooling effects). In this study, we studied the potential use of remotely sensed observations (i.e. Landsat data) to derive some phenology indicators for vegetation embedded within the urban core domains in four distinctly different U.S. regions (Washington, D...
July 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665808/disparities-in-access-to-pediatric-hearing-health-care
#15
Matthew L Bush, Michael R Kaufman, Beth N McNulty
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There are significant disparities in care facing children with hearing loss. The objective of this review is to assess the current disparities in pediatric hearing healthcare delivery, describe the barriers of efficient and effective pediatric hearing health care, and explore the innovations to improve pediatric hearing healthcare delivery. RECENT FINDINGS: Children with hearing loss from certain geographic regions or ethnic background are significantly delayed in diagnosis and treatment...
June 29, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655805/challenges-of-implementing-antenatal-ultrasound-screening-in-a-rural-study-site-a-case-study-from-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#16
David Swanson, Adrien Lokangaka, Melissa Bauserman, Jonathan Swanson, Robert O Nathan, Antoinette Tshefu, Elizabeth M McClure, Carl L Bose, Ana Garces, Sarah Saleem, Elwyn Chomba, Fabian Esamai, Robert L Goldenberg
Persistent global disparities in maternal and neonatal outcomes and the emergence of compact ultrasound technology as an increasingly viable technology for low-resource settings provided the genesis of the First Look Ultrasound study. Initiated in 2014 in 5 low- and middle-income countries and completed in June 2016, the study's intervention included the training of health personnel to perform antenatal ultrasound screening and to refer women identified with high-risk pregnancies to hospitals for appropriate care...
June 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648930/associations-between-multiple-indicators-of-socio-economic-status-and-muscle-strengthening-activity-participation-in-a-nationally-representative-population-sample-of-australian-adults
#17
Jonathan Freeston, Joanne Gale, Yorgi Mavros, Jason A Bennie, Zeljko Pedisic, Adrian E Bauman, Emmanuel Stamatakis
BACKGROUND: Muscle-strengthening activity (MSA) (e.g. weight training), confers unique health benefits. While socioeconomic status (SES) correlates with leisure time physical activity, little is known about its relation with MSA. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of a representative sample of 8993 Australian adults (>18years) who participated in the National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey 2011-12. Information was collected on SES (income, education, socio-economic disadvantage and remoteness) and MSA participation...
June 22, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639355/how-do-the-characteristics-of-breast-cancer-diagnostic-assessment-programmes-influence-service-delivery-a-mixed-methods-study
#18
A R Gagliardi, G Honein-AbouHaidar, T Stuart-McEwan, J Smylie, A Arnaout, J Seely, F C Wright, M J Dobrow, M C Brouwers, K Bukhanov, D R McCready
Diagnostic assessment programmes (DAPs) coordinate multidisciplinary teamwork (MDT), and improve wait times and patient satisfaction. No research has established optimal DAP design. This study explored how DAP characteristics influence service delivery. A mixed methods case study of four breast cancer DAPs was conducted including qualitative interviews with health-care providers and retrospective chart review. Data were integrated using multiple approaches. Twenty-three providers were interviewed; 411 medical records were reviewed...
June 21, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639040/mobile-gastrointestinal-and-endoscopic-surgery-in-rural-ecuador-20%C3%A2-years-experience-of-cinterandes
#19
H T Shalabi, M D Price, S T Shalabi, E B Rodas, A L Vicuña, B Guzhñay, R R Price, E Rodas
INTRODUCTION: Five billion people worldwide do not have timely access to surgical care. Cinterandes is one of the only mobile surgical units in low- and middle-income countries. This paper examines the methodology that Cinterandes uses to deliver mobile surgery. METHODS: Founding and core staff were interviewed, four missions were participated in, and internal documents and records were analysed between 1 May and 1 July 2014. RESULTS: Cinterandes performed 7641 operations over the last 20 years (60% gastrointestinal/laparoscopic), travelling 300,000 km to remote areas of Ecuador...
June 21, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629349/relationships-between-dental-personnel-and-non-dental-primary-health-care-providers-in-rural-and-remote-queensland-australia-dental-perspectives
#20
Jackie Stuart, Ha Hoang, Len Crocombe, Tony Barnett
BACKGROUND: Collaboration between dental practitioners and non-dental primary care providers has the potential to improve oral health care for people in rural and remote communities, where access to oral health services is limited. However, there is limited research on collaboration between these professional disciplines. The purpose of this paper was to explore the relationships between dental practitioners and non-dental primary care providers from rural and remote areas of Queensland and to identify strategies that could improve collaboration between these disciplines from the perspective of dental participants...
June 19, 2017: BMC Oral Health
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