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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132373/understanding-malaria-treatment-seeking-preferences-within-the-public-sector-amongst-mobile-migrant-workers-in-a-malaria-elimination-scenario-a-mixed-methods-study
#1
Aung Ye Naung Win, Thae Maung Maung, Khin Thet Wai, Tin Oo, Aung Thi, Rungrawee Tipmontree, Ngamphol Soonthornworasiri, Mondha Kengganpanich, Jaranit Kaewkungwal
BACKGROUND: Migration flows and the emerging resistance to artemisinin-based combination therapy in the Greater Mekong Sub-region (GMS) create programmatic challenges to meeting the AD 2030 malaria elimination target in Myanmar. The National Malaria Control Programme (NMCP) targeted migrant workers based mainly on the stability of their worksites (categories 1: permanent work-setting; categories 2 and 3: less stable work-settings). This study aims to assess the migration patterns, malaria treatment-seeking preferences, and challenges encountered by mobile/migrant workers at remote sites in a malaria-elimination setting...
November 13, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130870/modern-technology-to-support-carers-of-care-recipients-with-dementia-or-functional-mental-illness-promising-progress-but-a-long-road-ahead
#2
Nicola T Lautenschlager, Janine Diehl-Schmid, Samantha M Loi, Johannes Mayer, Maria Tensil, Alexander F Kurz
There is no doubt that family carers who look after a family member with dementia or with a functional mental illness fulfill an important role, not only for their loved one, but also for the health and aged care systems of the countries they live in. Due to increasing life expectancy, but also improved healthcare the number of family carers supporting older care recipients with functional mental illness or dementia is on the rise. While the carer role often can offer rewarding experiences caregivers are at increased risk of stress, depression, sleep problems, and often experience poor health outcomes with increased morbidity and mortality (Oyebode, 2003)...
December 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121954/temporal-variation-in-confirmed-diagnosis-of-fever-related-malarial-cases-among-children-under-5%C3%A2-years-by-community-health-workers-and-in-health-facilities-between-years-2013-and-2015-in-siaya-county-kenya
#3
Donald O Apat, John M Gachohi, Mohamed Karama, Jusper R Kiplimo, Sonia E Sachs
BACKGROUND: Malaria case management continues to experience dynamic changes. Building community capacity is instrumental in both prevention and treatment of malaria. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends utilization of well-trained and supervised community health workers (CHWs) to reduce the burden of malaria deaths among children under-5 years of age in Africa. Longitudinally-tracked information on utilization of CHWs by communities in terms of trends in diagnosis of malaria in children under-5 years of age is essential in influencing national and local malaria control policies and strategies...
November 9, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121088/vaccination-and-nutritional-status-of-children-in-karawari-east-sepik-province-papua-new-guinea
#4
Louis Samiak, Theophilus I Emeto
Delivery of health care services to rural and remote populations in Papua New Guinea (PNG) is problematic. This is mainly due to difficulties with transportation and communication. Hence, the children in this region of PNG are likely to be at risk of malnutrition compounded by inadequate vaccination that may predispose them to preventable diseases. This study was conducted to determine the vaccination and nutritional status of children less than 5 years old in the remote and rural Karawari area of PNG. 105 children were included in the study, of whom 55% were male and 45% female...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113753/best-practices-for-online-canadian-prenatal-health-promotion-a-public-health-approach
#5
Rebecca A Chedid, Rowan M Terrell, Karen P Phillips
BACKGROUND: Prenatal health promotion provides information regarding pregnancy risks, protective behaviours and clinical and community resources. Typically, women obtain prenatal health information from health care providers, prenatal classes, peers/family, media and increasingly, Internet sites and mobile apps. Barriers to prenatal health promotion and related services include language, rural/remote location, citizenship and disability. Online public health platforms represent the capacity to reach underserved women and can be customised to address the needs of a heterogeneous population of pregnant women...
November 4, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105870/service-learning-partnerships-features-that-promote-transformational-and-sustainable-rural-and-remote-health-partnerships-and-services
#6
Debra Jones, Lindy McAllister, Robert Dyson, David Lyle
OBJECTIVE: To describe features that promote transformational and sustainable community engaged health partnerships and services in rural and remote Australian locations. DESIGN: A pragmatic qualitative study using focus groups and individual semi-structured interviews. Data were analysed using four stages of data comparison. SETTING: Far west New South Wales, Australia. The health partnership, initiated by primary school principals in 2008, aimed to address allied health service inequities experienced by regional children...
November 6, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100142/determining-geographic-accessibility-of-family-physician-and-nurse-practitioner-services-in-relation-to-the-distribution-of-seniors-within-two-canadian-prairie-provinces
#7
Tayyab Ikram Shah, Stephan Milosavljevic, Brenna Bath
Equitable access and distribution of health care services for rural and remote populations is a substantial challenge for health workforce planners and policy makers. Geospatial examination of access to health care considers both need and supply dimensions together to determine spatial access scores which contribute to a greater understanding of potential inequity in accessibility. This geospatial investigation explores geographic variation in accessibility to primary health care services utilizing combined access scores for family physicians and nurse practitioner services in urban and rural communities in the Canadian Prairie provinces of Saskatchewan and Alberta...
October 19, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096710/putting-research-in-place-an-innovative-approach-to-providing-contextualized-evidence-synthesis-for-decision-makers
#8
Stephen Bornstein, Rochelle Baker, Pablo Navarro, Sarah Mackey, David Speed, Melissa Sullivan
BACKGROUND: The Contextualized Health Research Synthesis Program (CHRSP), developed in 2007 by the Newfoundland and Labrador Centre for Applied Health Research, produces contextualized knowledge syntheses for health-system decision makers. The program provides timely, relevant, and easy-to-understand scientific evidence; optimizes evidence uptake; and, most importantly, attunes research questions and evidence to the specific context in which knowledge users must apply the findings. METHODS: As an integrated knowledge translation (KT) method, CHRSP: Involves intensive partnerships with senior healthcare decision makers who propose priority research topics and participate on research teams; Considers local context both in framing the research question and in reporting the findings; Makes economical use of resources by utilizing a limited number of staff; Uses a combination of external and local experts; and Works quickly by synthesizing high-level systematic review evidence rather than primary studies...
November 2, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091738/the-evolution-of-the-community-health-worker-program-in-papua-new-guinea
#9
Cathy L Pilang, Marion A Gray, Florin I Oprescu
New Guinea (PNG) has a special history in regard to the training of Community Health Workers (CHWs) and is currently preparing its frontline health workforce to serve the 85% of the total PNG population of 7.3 million people who live in rural and remote settings. This article identifies and explains the five major developmental stages in the current CHW training program, as well as the changes that have occurred over the past century. The developmental stages are: (1) traditional; (2) early contact; (3) innovation; (4) the 1980s; and (5) new millennium...
October 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075939/web-enabled-distributed-health-care-framework-for-automated-malaria-parasite-classification-an-e-health-approach
#10
Maitreya Maity, Dhiraj Dhane, Tushar Mungle, A K Maiti, Chandan Chakraborty
Web-enabled e-healthcare system or computer assisted disease diagnosis has a potential to improve the quality and service of conventional healthcare delivery approach. The article describes the design and development of a web-based distributed healthcare management system for medical information and quantitative evaluation of microscopic images using machine learning approach for malaria. In the proposed study, all the health-care centres are connected in a distributed computer network. Each peripheral centre manages its' own health-care service independently and communicates with the central server for remote assistance...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070076/social-and-cultural-complexities-of-anti-malarial-drug-circulation-an-ethnographic-investigation-in-three-rural-remote-communes-of-cambodia
#11
Phasy Res
BACKGROUND: Anti-malarial medicine has a central role in malaria case management in Cambodia. It is, therefore, essential to study how anti-malarial drugs are distributed and consumed. This study aims to understand the socio-cultural complexity of anti-malarial drugs provision and usage practices. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews and observation were conducted in Cambodia at the communal, provincial, and national levels from January 2014 to January 2015. Health ministers, non-governmental officers, anti-malarial medicines distributors, village malaria volunteers and malaria patients were interviewed...
October 25, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062919/drama-as-a-community-engagement-strategy-for-malaria-in-rural-cambodia
#12
Renly Lim, Rupam Tripura, Thomas J Peto, Ma Sareth, Nou Sanann, Chan Davoeung, Chea Nguon, Phaik Yeong Cheah
Background: Countries in Southeast Asia are working to eliminate multidrug-resistant falciparum malaria, a major cause of mortality in tropical regions. Malaria is declining but transmission persists in many rural areas and among forest workers and isolated populations. In these remote communities, conventional health services and education are limited. Mobilising and educating these populations require new approaches as many people are illiterate and do not attend village meetings. This article describes a qualitative study to assess the feasibility of a drama project as a community engagement strategy...
2017: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060751/automatic-detection-of-periodontitis-using-intra-oral-images
#13
Asghar Tabatabaei Balaei, Philip de Chazal, Joerg Eberhard, Henrik Domnisch, Axel Spahr, Kate Ruiz
Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the supportive tissues and bone surrounding the teeth. In severe cases, it can consequently lead to tooth loss. This disease is most prevalent in rural and remote communities where regular dental visits are limited. Hence, there's a need for a periodontal screening tool for use by allied health professionals outside of dental clinics to detect periodontitis for early referral and intervention. In this paper two algorithms have been proposed and applied on two independently collected datasets in Germany and Australia with 20 and 24 participating subjects respectively; in the first algorithm, intra-oral images of before periodontitis treatment have been considered as diseased subjects and the images of after treatment have been considered as healthy subjects...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060446/design-and-development-of-a-customizable-telemedicine-platform-for-improving-access-to-healthcare-for-underserved-populations
#14
Neha A Goel, Amal A Alam, Emily M R Eggert, Soumyadipta Acharya
Telemedicine offers a method to bridge the healthcare access gap in low and middle income countries (LMICs) by connecting providers with patients using appropriate technology. Here we describe the design and development of a novel modular telemedicine platform, Intelehealth, that would enable health systems to connect remote doctors with patients in rural clinics using a customizable Android-based platform and a cloud-based electronic health record system at the backend (OpenMRS). This open source platform enables task shifting of medically relevant information gathering by a local health worker, transmission of this information to a remote doctor, and a telephonic conversation between the doctor and the patient that subsequently allows for delivery of an appropriate therapeutic plan...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060437/new-tele-diagnostic-model-using-volume-sweep-imaging-for-rural-areas
#15
Jose Ferrer, Thomas Chaumont, Leslie Trujillo, Italo Fernandez, Jorge Guerrero, Pilar Stewart, Gail Garra, Maria Fernanda Campos, Katherine Garra, Nicole Stephens, Chere Harley, Sylvia Jacobo, Erin Waks, Frank Miele, Brian Garra, Benjamin Castaneda
Advances in information and communications technologies provide a new opportunity to improve the access to healthcare in remote rural areas (RA) where there is a lack of infrastructure and medical experts. This paper implements a new model for tele-ultrasound (US) based on volumetric sweep imaging protocols specially designed for the acquisition of US. Non-physician health personnel from the RA are trained on the use of these protocols in a few days. The operator utilizes the medical box (MB), a specially designed telecommunication system, to guide, compress, encrypt and transmit the US sweeps through the cloud to the radiologist who performs the diagnosis remotely...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051778/reverse-innovation-in-maternal-health
#16
Tabassum Firoz, Prestige Tatenda Makanga, Hannah L Nathan, Beth Payne, Laura A Magee
Reverse innovation, defined as the flow of ideas from low- to high-income settings, is gaining traction in healthcare. With an increasing focus on value, investing in low-cost but effective and innovative solutions can be of mutual benefit to both high- and low-income countries. Reverse innovation has a role in addressing maternal health challenges in high-income countries by harnessing these innovative solutions for vulnerable populations especially in rural and remote regions. In this paper, we present three examples of 'reverse innovation' for maternal health: a low-cost, easy-to-use blood pressure device (CRADLE), a diagnostic algorithm (mini PIERS) and accompanying mobile app (PIERS on the Move), and a novel method for mapping maternal outcomes (MOM)...
September 2017: Obstetric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041941/disentangling-the-effects-of-a-multiple-behaviour-change-intervention-for-diarrhoea-control-in-zambia-a-theory-based-process-evaluation
#17
Katie Greenland, Jenala Chipungu, Joyce Chilekwa, Roma Chilengi, Val Curtis
BACKGROUND: Diarrhoea is a leading cause of child death in Zambia. As elsewhere, the disease burden could be greatly reduced through caregiver uptake of existing prevention and treatment strategies. We recently reported the results of the Komboni Housewives intervention which tested a novel strategy employing motives including affiliation and disgust to improve caregiver practice of four diarrhoea control behaviours: exclusive breastfeeding; handwashing with soap; and correct preparation and use of oral rehydration salts (ORS) and zinc...
October 17, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034610/private-health-insurance-a-good-deal-in-rural-and-remote-australia
#18
Peter Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018789/cost-effectiveness-of-a-family-planning-voucher-program-in-rural-pakistan
#19
Edward Ivor Broughton, Waqas Hameed, Xaher Gul, Shabnum Sarfraz, Imam Yar Baig, Monica Villanueva
INTRODUCTION: This study reports on the effectiveness and efficiency from the program funder's perspective of the Suraj Social Franchise (SSF) voucher program in which private health-care providers in remote rural areas were identified, trained, upgraded, and certified to deliver family planning services to underserved women of reproductive age in 29 districts of Sindh and 3 districts of Punjab province, Pakistan between October 2013 and June 2016. METHOD: A decision tree compared the cost of implementing SSF to the program funder and its effects of providing additional couple years of protection (CYPs) to targeted women, compared to business-as-usual...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994720/augmented-reality-as-a-telemedicine-platform-for-remote-procedural-training
#20
Shiyao Wang, Michael Parsons, Jordan Stone-McLean, Peter Rogers, Sarah Boyd, Kristopher Hoover, Oscar Meruvia-Pastor, Minglun Gong, Andrew Smith
Traditionally, rural areas in many countries are limited by a lack of access to health care due to the inherent challenges associated with recruitment and retention of healthcare professionals. Telemedicine, which uses communication technology to deliver medical services over distance, is an economical and potentially effective way to address this problem. In this research, we develop a new telepresence application using an Augmented Reality (AR) system. We explore the use of the Microsoft HoloLens to facilitate and enhance remote medical training...
October 10, 2017: Sensors
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