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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149859/medicinal-plants-used-by-women-in-mecca-urban-muslim-and-gendered-knowledge
#1
Afnan Alqethami, Julie A Hawkins, Irene Teixidor-Toneu
BACKGROUND: This study explores medicinal plant knowledge and use among Muslim women in the city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Ethnobotanical research in the region has focused on rural populations and male herbal healers in cities, and based on these few studies, it is suggested that medicinal plant knowledge may be eroding. Here, we document lay, female knowledge of medicinal plants in an urban centre, interpreting findings in the light of the growing field of urban ethnobotany and gendered knowledge and in an Islamic context...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146067/risky-movies-risky-behaviors-and-ethnic-identity-among-black-adolescents
#2
Amy Bleakley, Morgan E Ellithorpe, Michael Hennessy, Patrick E Jamieson, Atika Khurana, Ilana Weitz
PURPOSE: To investigate how exposure to sex, alcohol and violent content in mainstream and Black-oriented movies relates to corresponding adolescent behavior among Black youth from the United States and whether those relationships are moderated by ethnic identity. METHODS: The present study uses survey data from an online sample of 1000 Black adolescents and content analysis ratings on top-grossing 2014 films and 2013/2014 Black-oriented films. Content-specific exposure measures for alcohol, sexual activity, and violence were calculated from self-reported exposure data and content analysis ratings...
October 30, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141718/dengue-fever-surveillance-in-india-using-text-mining-in-public-media
#3
Andrea Villanes, Emily Griffiths, Michael Rappa, Christopher G Healey
Despite the improvement in health conditions across the world, communicable diseases remain among the leading mortality causes in many countries. Combating communicable diseases depends on surveillance, preventive measures, outbreak investigation, and the establishment of control mechanisms. Delays in obtaining country-level data of confirmed communicable disease cases, such as dengue fever, are prompting new efforts for short- to medium-term data. News articles highlight dengue infections, and they can reveal how public health messages, expert findings, and uncertainties are communicated to the public...
October 23, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138200/assessing-the-consequences-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-on-offspring-s-cardiovascular-health-mysweetheart-cohort-study-protocol-switzerland
#4
Stefano Di Bernardo, Yvan Mivelaz, Adina Mihaela Epure, Yvan Vial, Umberto Simeoni, Pascal Bovet, Sandrine Estoppey Younes, Arnaud Chiolero, Nicole Sekarski
INTRODUCTION: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a state of glucose intolerance with onset during pregnancy. GDM carries prenatal and perinatal risks as well as long-term risks for the mother and her child. GDM may be involved in the foetal programming of long-term cardiovascular health. However, evidence is sparse and the effect of GDM on cardiovascular health is unknown. To address these issues, we will conduct MySweetHeart Cohort study. The objectives are to assess the effect of GDM on offspring's cardiovascular health early in life by using surrogate markers of cardiovascular disease and atherosclerosis...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137609/a-comparative-content-analysis-of-media-reporting-of-sports-betting-in-australia-lessons-for-public-health-media-advocacy-approaches
#5
Jennifer L David, Samantha L Thomas, Melanie Randle, Steven J Bowe, Mike Daube
BACKGROUND: Harmful gambling is a significant public health issue. There has been widespread discussion in the Australian media about the extent and impact of sports betting on the Australian community, particularly relating to young men and children. Given the role that the media plays in influencing policy change and political agendas, and the acknowledgement that media based advocacy is a fundamental component of successful advocacy campaigns, this research aimed to investigate how different stakeholder groups discuss sports betting within the Australian print media...
November 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137545/exploring-the-perceived-health-benefits-of-singing-in-a-choir-an-international-cross-sectional-mixed-methods-study
#6
Hilary Moss, Julie Lynch, Jessica O'Donoghue
AIM: This mixed-methods exploratory study investigates the perceived health benefits of singing in a choir from an international sample of choristers. METHOD: An online questionnaire including demographic information, 28 quantitative statements and two qualitative questions relating to the perceived health benefits of singing in a choir was distributed via email and social media over a period of 4 months to a sample of 1,779 choristers. Basic descriptives and comparisons between subgroups of the sample are presented along with thematic analysis of qualitative comments...
November 1, 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125323/examining-the-effects-of-mtv-s-16-and-pregnant-on-adolescent-girls-sexual-health-the-implications-of-character-affinity-pregnancy-risk-factors-and-health-literacy-on-message-effectiveness
#7
Elizabeth Behm-Morawitz, Jennifer Stevens Aubrey, Hillary Pennell, Kyung Bo Kim
Health communication strategies to decrease teen pregnancies include the employment of entertainment-education (E-E), which involves embedding health messages in an entertainment media vehicle that is relatable and attractive to the intended audience. MTV's 16 and Pregnant is an example of such an effort as an E-E documentary-style reality show that aimed to reduce the U.S. teen pregnancy rate. A pretest-posttest experiment was conducted with 147 adolescent girls (ages 14-18) to investigate the effectiveness of 16 and Pregnant on beliefs, attitudes, and intentions to avoid teen pregnancy...
November 10, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123405/contrast-media-induced-nephropathy-how-has-italy-contributed-in-the-past-30-years-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Maurizio Sessa, Claudia Rossi, Annamaria Mascolo, Cristina Scavone, Gabriella di Mauro, Roberto Grassi, Liberata Sportiello, Salvatore Cappabianca, Concetta Rafaniello
Background and objective: The use of contrast media in Italy has exponentially increased in the past 3 decades. However, it is unknown whether there has been an increase in clinical research evaluating the risks associated with contrast media usage, especially regarding contrast-induced nephropathy. To fill this gap in knowledge, we performed a systematic review. Study eligibility criteria: Meta-analyses, observational studies, and clinical trials assessing contrast media-induced nephropathy as the safety outcome, in which at least one author was affiliated with an Italian university/health care structure, were eligble...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122739/public-awareness-and-use-of-german-physician-ratings-websites-cross-sectional-survey-of-four-north-german-cities
#9
Stuart McLennan, Daniel Strech, Andrea Meyer, Hannes Kahrass
BACKGROUND: Physician rating websites (PRWs) allow patients to rate, comment, and discuss physicians' quality. The ability of PRWs to influence patient decision making and health care quality is dependent, in part, on sufficient awareness and usage of PRWs. However, previous studies have found relatively low levels of awareness and usage of PRWs, which has raised concerns about the representativeness and validity of information on PRWs. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to examine (1) participants' awareness, use, and contribution of ratings on PRWs and how this compares with other rating websites; (2) factors that predict awareness, use, and contribution of ratings on PRWs; and (3) participants' attitudes toward PRWs in relation to selecting a physician...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120309/comparing-insider-and-outsider-news-coverage-of-the-2014-ebola-outbreak
#10
Brittany Humphries, Martha Radice, Sophie Lauzier
OBJECTIVES: Information provided by news media during an infectious disease outbreak can affect the actions taken to safeguard public health. There has been little evaluation of how the content of news published during an outbreak varies by location of the news outlet. This study analyzes coverage of the 2014 Ebola outbreak by one news outlet operating within a country affected by the outbreak and one country not directly affected. METHODS: A qualitative content analysis was conducted of articles published in two national news outlets, The Globe and Mail (Canada) and the Vanguard (Nigeria), between January 1 and December 31, 2014...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120291/how-they-see-it-young-women-s-views-on-early-marriage-in-a-post-conflict-setting
#11
Sonya Em Knox
Current understandings of early marriage in conflict and post-conflict settings are incomplete and under-researched, and do not sufficiently take into consideration the views and experiences of adolescent girls. While much of the literature, development reports and mainstream media emphasise the poverty, health risks and lack of agency of young women married early, they seldom provide these teenagers an open platform from which to speak. In 2007, a Palestinian refugee camp in North Lebanon was destroyed and its residents forced to flee...
October 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118520/utilization-of-mental-health-resources-and-complementary-and-alternative-therapies-for-alopecia-areata-a-u-s-survey
#12
Salman T Hussain, Arash Mostaghimi, Paul J Barr, Jeremiah R Brown, Cara Joyce, Kathie P Huang
Background: The efficacy of traditional medical treatments for alopecia areata (AA) is limited, leading some to pursue alternative treatments. The utilization and nature of these treatments are unclear. Objective: To assess the extent to which patients with AA pursue alternative treatments and to characterize these treatments. Methods: A 13-item electronic survey was E-mailed by the National Alopecia Areata Foundation (NAAF) to their patient database and shared on the NAAF social media to individuals with AA...
October 2017: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118276/factors-associated-with-the-economic-sustainability-of-the-registered-dental-hygienist-in-alternative-practice
#13
Sara L Coppola, Danielle Furgeson, Margherita Fontana, Janet S Kinney, Anne E Gwozdek
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate key factors associated with the economic sustainability of the Registered Dental Hygienist in Alternative Practice (RDHAP).Methods: An invitation to participate in a 38-question electronic survey was sent via postal mail to 440 RDHAP licentiate addressees obtained through the Dental Hygiene Committee of California (DHCC). Legal restrictions did not allow for obtaining the RDHAP licentiate email addresses from the DHCC. The survey was disseminated via email to the 254 RDHAPs who were members of the California Dental Hygienists' Association...
October 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117933/a-web-based-study-of-dog-ownership-and-depression-among-people-living-with-hiv
#14
Abigail L Muldoon, Lisa M Kuhns, Julie Supple, Kristen C Jacobson, Robert Garofalo
BACKGROUND: People living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV) are approximately twice as likely to be depressed compared with HIV-negative individuals. Depression is consistently associated with low antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence, an important step within the HIV care continuum related to HIV disease progression and overall health. One factor that may have positive psychosocial benefits and promote ART adherence is dog ownership. Research indicates that dog ownership is associated with lower depression, and initial evidence suggests its positive impact on psychosocial outcomes for PLHIV...
November 8, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116846/social-media-as-a-tool-to-increase-the-impact-of-public-health-research
#15
Jessica Y Breland, Lisa M Quintiliani, Kristin L Schneider, Christine N May, Sherry Pagoto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111334/associations-between-the-effort-reward-imbalance-model-of-workplace-stress-and-indices-of-cardiovascular-health-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Pennie Eddy, Eleanor H Wertheim, Michael Kingsley, Bradley J Wright
Work stress can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease by 50%, with increasing research focusing on the underlying mechanisms responsible for these associations. Our meta-analysis assessed the associations of the effort-reward imbalance (ERI) workplace stress model with indices of cardiovascular disease. The search term 'effort*reward*imbalance' produced 22 papers (129 associations, N=93,817) meeting inclusion criteria. Greater ERI was most associated with increased hypertension (r=0.26, p<0.001, N=1180), intima media thickness (r=0...
October 27, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110569/beliefs-about-smoking-related-lung-cancer-risk-among-low-socioeconomic-individuals-the-role-of-smoking-experience-and-interpersonal-communication
#17
Mesfin Awoke Bekalu, Sara Minsky, Kasisomayajula Viswanath
INTRODUCTION: Previous research has documented that smoking prevalence is generally high among low socioeconomic groups and that tobacco industries continue to target these population groups. However, little research has investigated the beliefs of individuals with low socioeconomic position (SEP) about the association between smoking and cancer risks. In this study, we examined beliefs about smoking-related lung cancer risk and the role of smoking experience, mass media exposure and health-related interpersonal communication among a sample of low SEP population...
November 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109014/can-a-selfie-promote-public-engagement-with-skin-cancer
#18
Seth M Noar, Eric Leas, Benjamin M Althouse, Mark Dredze, Dannielle Kelley, John W Ayers
Social media may provide new opportunities to promote skin cancer prevention, but research to understand this potential is needed. In April of 2015, Kentucky native Tawny Willoughby (TW) shared a graphic skin cancer selfie on Facebook that subsequently went viral. We examined the volume of comments and shares of her original Facebook post; news volume of skin cancer from Google News; and search volume for skin cancer Google queries. We compared these latter metrics after TWs announcement against expected volumes based on forecasts of historical trends...
November 3, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104796/validation-of-qualas-t-a-health-related-quality-of-life-instrument-for-teenagers-with-spina-bifida
#19
Konrad M Szymański, Rosalia Misseri, Benjamin Whittam, Jessica T Casey, David Y Yang, Sonia-Maria Raposo, Shelly J King, Martin Kaefer, Richard C Rink, Mark P Cain
Introduction: We aimed to develop and validate a self-reported QUAlity of Life Assessment in Spina bifida for Teenagers (QUALAS-T). Material and methods: We drafted a 46-question pilot instrument using a patient-centered comprehensive item generation/refinement process. A group of 13-17 years olds with spina bifida (SB) was recruited online via social media and in person at SB clinics (2013-2015). Healthy controls were recruited during routine pediatrician visits...
2017: Central European Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104097/the-impact-of-sex-and-sex-hormones-on-cell-function
#20
Roberta de Souza Santos, Aaron P Frank, Deborah J Clegg
The influence of sex on cellular function and metabolism is often ill defined in many human and animal studies. The National Institute of Health (NIH) recognized this gap in scientific knowledge and mandated that sex be factored into the design and data analysis of all cell culture and animal studies. Therefore, it is critical to understand how to incorporate sex in pre-clinical and clinical research. Here, we discuss how the sexual identify of cells influences experimental responses in cell culture and we highlight the importance of the culture media and its constituents to the function of cells...
November 10, 2017: Steroids
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