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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330835/international-guidelines-for-groin-hernia-management
#1
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INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, more than 20 million patients undergo groin hernia repair annually. The many different approaches, treatment indications and a significant array of techniques for groin hernia repair warrant guidelines to standardize care, minimize complications, and improve results. The main goal of these guidelines is to improve patient outcomes, specifically to decrease recurrence rates and reduce chronic pain, the most frequent problems following groin hernia repair. They have been endorsed by all five continental hernia societies, the International Endo Hernia Society and the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery...
January 12, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329436/development-of-the-place-based-adelante-social-marketing-campaign-for-prevention-of-substance-use-sexual-risk-and-violence-among-latino-immigrant-youth
#2
E L Andrade, W D Evans, N D Barrett, S D Cleary, M C Edberg, R D Alvayero, E C Kierstead, A Beltran
Immigrant Latino youth represent a high-risk subgroup that should be targeted with health promotion efforts. However, there are considerable barriers to engagement in health-related programming. Little is known about the engagement possibilities of social marketing campaigns and digital strategies for traditionally 'hard-to-reach' immigrants, underscoring the importance of testing these techniques with immigrant Latino adolescents. We developed and piloted a place-based social marketing campaign in coordination with the branded, Positive Youth Development-based (PYD) Adelante intervention targeting risk factors for co-occurring youth substance abuse, sexual risk and violence...
January 9, 2018: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326096/monitoring-freshman-college-experience-through-content-analysis-of-tweets-observational-study
#3
Sam Liu, Miaoqi Zhu, Sean D Young
BACKGROUND: Freshman experiences can greatly influence students' success. Traditional methods of monitoring the freshman experience, such as conducting surveys, can be resource intensive and time consuming. Social media, such as Twitter, enable users to share their daily experiences. Thus, it may be possible to use Twitter to monitor students' postsecondary experience. OBJECTIVE: Our objectives were to (1) describe the proportion of content posted on Twitter by college students relating to academic studies, personal health, and social life throughout the semester; and (2) examine whether the proportion of content differed by demographics and during nonexam versus exam periods...
January 11, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325507/research-collaboration-in-a-communication-rights-campaign-lessons-learned
#4
Charlotte Ryan
In building public support for social change, activists in communities of color routinely approach broader audiences via news media. Communities of color, however, routinely face disparities that limit their access to media including local news media outlets. This lack of access mirrors inequalities in political, social, and economic arenas and can slow public awareness campaigns to address disparities in health, environmental, and other quality-of-life issues. I describe two community-based collaborative action research studies that documented and challenged how local television newscasts underrepresented and misrepresented three communities of color in Boston...
January 1, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325127/inhibiting-trophoblast-par-1-overexpression-suppresses-sflt-1-induced-anti-angiogenesis-and-abnormal-vascular-remodeling-a-possible-therapeutic-approach-for-preeclampsia
#5
Yin Zhao, YanFang Zheng, XiaoXia Liu, QingQing Luo, Di Wu, XiaoPing Liu, Li Zou
STUDY QUESTION: Is it possible to improve vascular remodeling by inhibiting the excessive expression of protease activated receptor 1 (PAR-1) in trophoblast of abnormal placenta? SUMMARY ANSWER: Inhibition of trophoblast PAR-1 overexpression may promote placental angiogenesis and vascular remodeling, offering an alternative therapeutic approach for preeclampsia. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: PAR-1 is high-affinity receptor of thrombin. Thrombin increases sFlt-1 secretion in trophoblast via the activation of PAR-1...
January 9, 2018: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323936/sleep-research-a-primer-for-media-scholars
#6
Liese Exelmans, Jan Van den Bulck
The average amount of sleep people of all ages get has declined sharply in the past 50 years. The detrimental health effects of sleep deprivation are well documented and substantial. Even though electronic media use often takes place in the hours before sleep, the extent to which media use may interact with sleep is understudied and not well understood. Communication scholars are well positioned to contribute to this area, as a systematic, theoretical understanding of the relationship between media and sleep is still lacking...
January 11, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319923/attitudes-towards-mental-health-mental-health-research-and-digital-interventions-by-young-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-a-qualitative-analysis
#7
Janine Clarke, Judy Proudfoot, Veronica Vatiliotis, Charles Verge, Deborah J Holmes-Walker, Lesley Campbell, Kay Wilhelm, Catherine Moravac, Pillaveetil S Indu, Madeleine Bridgett
BACKGROUND: Young people with type 1 diabetes are at increased risk of mental disorders. Whereas treatment need is high, difficulty recruiting young people with type 1 diabetes into psychosocial studies complicates development, testing and dissemination of these interventions. OBJECTIVE: Interviews with young adults with type 1 diabetes were conducted to examine attitudes towards mental health and mental health research, including barriers and motivators to participation in mental health studies and preferred sources of mental health support...
January 10, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317381/using-social-media-for-the-promotion-of-education-and-consultation-in-adolescents-who-have-undergone-kidney-transplant-protocol-for-a-randomized-control-trial
#8
Claudiana Pase, Andréia Dias Mathias, Clotilde Druck Garcia, Clarissa Garcia Rodrigues
BACKGROUND: Falling ill represents a traumatic experience especially in adolescence, since in addition to the moments of ambiguity and contradictions that this period brings, there is coping with the disease. Renal transplantation provides a better quality of life but the dependence on dialysis is replaced by the greater responsibility of self-care. With advances in technology, contemporary communication methods are a strategic mechanism for the approximation of the adolescent and the multiprofessional team...
January 9, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316510/is-envy-harmful-to-a-society-s-psychological-health-and-wellbeing-a-longitudinal-study-of-18-000-adults
#9
Redzo Mujcic, Andrew J Oswald
Nearly 100 years ago, the philosopher and mathematician Bertrand Russell warned of the social dangers of widespread envy. One view of modern society is that it is systematically developing a set of institutions -- such as social media and new forms of advertising -- that make people feel inadequate and envious of others. If so, how might that be influencing the psychological health of our citizens? This paper reports the first large-scale longitudinal research into envy and its possible repercussions. The paper studies 18,000 randomly selected individuals over the years 2005, 2009, and 2013...
December 27, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315420/e-cigarette-marketing-and-communication-how-e-cigarette-companies-market-e-cigarettes-and-the-public-engages-with-e-cigarette-information
#10
Lauren Collins, Allison M Glasser, Haneen Abudayyeh, Jennifer L Pearson, Andrea C Villanti
Introduction: Given the lack of regulation on marketing of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) in the U.S. and the increasing exchange of e-cigarette-related information online, it is critical to understand how e-cigarette companies market e-cigarettes and how the public engages with e-cigarette information. Methods: Results are from a systematic review of peer-reviewed literature on e-cigarettes via a PubMed search through June 1, 2017. Search terms included: "e-cigarette*" OR "electronic cigarette" OR "electronic cigarettes" OR "electronic nicotine delivery" OR "vape" OR "vaping...
January 5, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313413/nanoparticles-considered-as-mixtures-for-toxicological-research
#11
Hua Deng, Ying Zhang, Hongtao Yu
Nanoparticles are used widely in our lives, but the understanding of their impacts on human and environmental health is still limited, at least due in part to the fact that nanoparticles are mixtures. This review describes that "nanotoxicity" is actually a test of the overall effect of a nanoparticle mixture: starting materials for nanoparticle preparation, surface coating agents, surface reaction-generated species, and transformed byproducts of the nanoparticle in biological and environmental media, as well as variations of the intrinsic nanoparticle structures...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part C, Environmental Carcinogenesis & Ecotoxicology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311050/detecting-novel-and-emerging-drug-terms-using-natural-language-processing-a-social-media-corpus-study
#12
Sean S Simpson, Nikki Adams, Claudia M Brugman, Thomas J Conners
BACKGROUND: With the rapid development of new psychoactive substances (NPS) and changes in the use of more traditional drugs, it is increasingly difficult for researchers and public health practitioners to keep up with emerging drugs and drug terms. Substance use surveys and diagnostic tools need to be able to ask about substances using the terms that drug users themselves are likely to be using. Analyses of social media may offer new ways for researchers to uncover and track changes in drug terms in near real time...
January 8, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310571/knowledge-perceptions-and-media-use-of-the-dutch-general-public-and-healthcare-workers-regarding-ebola-2014
#13
Lianne G C Schol, Madelief Mollers, Corien M Swaan, Desirée J M A Beaujean, Albert Wong, Aura Timen
BACKGROUND: The Ebola outbreak in West-Africa triggered risk communication activities to promote adequate preventive behaviour in the Netherlands. Our study investigated the level of knowledge, perceptions, and media use regarding Ebola. METHODS: In December 2014, an online questionnaire was administered to the Dutch population (n = 526) and Health Care Workers (HCW) (n = 760). RESULTS: The mean knowledge score (range 0-15) of HCW (m = 13...
January 8, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306490/virtual-zika-transmission-after-the-first-u-s-case-who-said-what-and-how-it-spread-on-twitter
#14
Santosh Vijaykumar, Glen Nowak, Itai Himelboim, Yan Jin
BACKGROUND: This paper goes beyond detecting specific themes within Zika-related chatter on Twitter, to identify the key actors who influence the diffusive process through which some themes become more amplified than others. METHODS: We collected all Zika-related tweets during the 3 months immediately after the first U.S. case of Zika. After the tweets were categorized into 12 themes, a cross-section were grouped into weekly datasets, to capture 12 amplifier/user groups, and analyzed by 4 amplification modes: mentions, retweets, talkers, and Twitter-wide amplifiers...
January 4, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304178/impact-of-influenza-vaccine-on-childhood-otitis-media-in-taiwan-a-population-based-study
#15
Pei-Wen Wu, Chien-Chia Huang, Wei-Chieh Chao, Chi-Chin Sun, Cheng-Hsun Chiu, Ta-Jen Lee
PURPOSE: Acute otitis media (AOM) is a common infectious disease in children and usually accompanied by a preceding viral respiratory tract infection, especially in the preschool-age population. The study aimed to evaluate impact of influenza vaccine on childhood otitis media. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included data for 803,592 children (<10 years old) recorded in Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database. AOM incidence and tympanostomy tube insertion incidence in each influenza season before and after the introduction of traditional injectable trivalent influenza vaccine (TIV) were compared using the Poisson regression analysis to estimate the incidence rate ratios (IRRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304110/local-chatter-or-international-buzz-language-differences-on-posts-about-zika-research-on-twitter-and-facebook
#16
Germana Barata, Kenneth Shores, Juan Pablo Alperin
BACKGROUND: When the Zika virus outbreak became a global health emergency in early 2016, the scientific community responded with an increased output of Zika-related research. This upsurge in research naturally made its way into academic journals along with editorials, news, and reports. However, it is not yet known how or whether these scholarly communications were distributed to the populations most affected by Zika. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: To understand how scientific outputs about Zika reached global and local audiences, we collected Tweets and Facebook posts that linked to Zika-related research in the first six months of 2016...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303098/-exaggerated-health-news-association-between-exaggeration-in-university-press-releases-and-exaggeration-in-news-media-coverage
#17
J Schat, F G Bossema, M E Numans, I Smeets, P Burger
OBJECTIVE: To determine how often press releases and news articles contain exaggeration and to locate its origin in the trajectory from research paper to news article. DESIGN: Retrospective quantitative content analysis. METHOD: We analysed press releases on health-related research published by Dutch universities and university medical centres in 2015 (n = 129) as well as news media articles related to those press releases (n = 185). RESULTS: 20% of press releases and 29% of news articles exaggerated the conclusion or causal claim...
2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302771/a-survey-of-online-and-mobile-technology-use-at-peer-support-agencies
#18
Kelly A Aschbrenner, John A Naslund, Thomas Grinley, John Carlo M Bienvenida, Stephen J Bartels, Mary Brunette
Understanding how individuals with mental illness who receive services at peer support agencies use technology can inform the development of online and mobile health interventions tailored for users in these non-traditional mental health settings. The purpose of this study was to assess the use of technology among individuals with mental illness at peer support agencies. A survey delivered within peer support agencies (PSAs) in one state assessed technology use among individuals ages 18 and over with a self-identified mental illness receiving services at these agencies...
January 4, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300366/implicit-messages-regarding-unhealthy-foodstuffs-in-chinese-television-advertisements-increasing-the-risk-of-obesity
#19
Angela Chang, Peter J Schulz, Tony Schirato, Brian J Hall
Previous studies indicated that television (TV) advertising is associated with higher rates of obesity. The rate of obesity and overweight continues to rise in mainland China, bringing into question whether TV advertising to young audiences might be partly to blame. This study investigated messaging delivered through TV advertisements regarding healthy and unhealthy foodstuffs. A total of 42 major food brands and 480 advertisements were analysed for content in this study. The results showed that the majority of TV spots advertised products with poor nutritional content and had a potential to mislead audiences concerning products' actual nutritional value...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295809/feasibility-and-preliminary-effectiveness-of-the-homework-intervention-strategy-ehis-program-to-enhance-male-condom-use-research-protocol
#20
Marta Glowacka, Lucy Yardley, Nicole Stone, Cynthia A Graham
BACKGROUND: Although condoms are effective in reducing the risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and unintended pregnancy, they are still often not used consistently and correctly. Negative impact on sensation and pleasure, ruining the mood, causing problems with maintaining erection, and condom slippage or breakage are some of the reasons given by men explaining why they do not want to use condoms. Although many interventions promoting condom use exist, some of them delivered online are complex and time- and resource-intensive...
January 2, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
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