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media health research

Kyungeun Jang, Young Min Baek
Public health officials (PHOs) are responsible for providing trustworthy information during a public health crisis; however, there is little research on how the public behaves when their expectations for such information are violated. Drawing on media dependency theory and source credibility research as our primary theoretical framework, we tested how credibility of information from PHOs is associated with people's reliance on a particular communication channel in the context of the 2015 Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) outbreak in South Korea...
March 20, 2018: Health Communication
Vicki Stover Hertzberg, Howard Weiss, Lisa Elon, Wenpei Si, Sharon L Norris
With over 3 billion airline passengers annually, the inflight transmission of infectious diseases is an important global health concern. Over a dozen cases of inflight transmission of serious infections have been documented, and air travel can serve as a conduit for the rapid spread of newly emerging infections and pandemics. Despite sensational media stories and anecdotes, the risks of transmission of respiratory viruses in an airplane cabin are unknown. Movements of passengers and crew may facilitate disease transmission...
March 19, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Mohammad Abu-Zaineh, Maame Esi Woode, Rita Giacaman
BACKGROUND: Interest in the Senian capability framework as an alternative approach to wellbeing measurement has increased in recent decades. The aim of this study was to look at the extent to which an individual's capability to achieve wellbeing in one dimension is associated with his or her attempt to achieve wellbeing in another dimension in a fragile setting affected by conflict. METHODS: Capability is defined as the ability to achieve health, knowledge, and wealth and is measured as latent variables using a structural equation model...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Meike Traub, Romy Lauer, Tibor Kesztyüs, Olivia Wartha, Jürgen Michael Steinacker, Dorothea Kesztyüs
BACKGROUND: Regular breakfast and well-balanced soft drink, and screen media consumption are associated with a lower risk of overweight and obesity in schoolchildren. The aim of this research is the combined examination of these three parameters as influencing factors for longitudinal weight development in schoolchildren in order to adapt targeted preventive measures. METHODS: In the course of the Baden-Württemberg Study, Germany, data from direct measurements (baseline (2010) and follow-up (2011)) at schools was available for 1733 primary schoolchildren aged 7...
March 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
Isabel Craveiro, Virginia Hortale, Ana Paula Cavalcante de Oliveira, Mario Dal Poz, Gustavo Portela, Gilles Dussault
Background: The production of knowledge on Human Resources for Health (HRH) issues has increased exponentially since 2000 but integration of the research in the policy-making process is often lagging. We looked at how research on HRH contributes or not to inform policy decisions and interventions affecting the health workforce in Portugal and Brazil. Methods: We designed a comparative case study of semi-structured interviews with present and past national decision-makers, policy advisors and researchers...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Public Health
Linda Barstow, Erika Herman, Heidi Phillips, Patrick Maloney
OBJECTIVES: We quantify and describe emergency department antibiotic discharge prescription dosing errors for pediatric patients in a community hospital health system. METHODS: This was a retrospective chart review evaluating emergency department discharge prescriptions written between July 1, 2014, and June 30, 2015. Pediatric patients who received a prescription for an oral antibiotic were included in error analysis if they had a weight updated in the electronic medical record during the encounter...
March 12, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
Nurten Terkes, Ferya Celik, Hicran Bektas
AIM: The use of technology is increasingly important in nursing education and practice. For this reason, it is necessary to determine the attitudes of nursing students towards technology. METHODS: This study was conducted with 508 nursing students. A personal information form that was prepared by the researchers and the Attitudes Toward Technology Scale were used as the data collection tools. RESULTS: The mean score that was obtained by the nursing students from the Attitudes Toward Technology Scale was 61...
March 11, 2018: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
David Showalter
BACKGROUND: The United States prohibited federal funding for syringe exchange programs for people who inject drugs nearly continuously from 1988 to 2015, despite growing scientific evidence, diminishing AIDS-related controversy, and tens of thousands of deaths from injection-related AIDS. This study investigates the political and institutional bases of this long-term failure to support lifesaving public policy. METHODS: This study draws on national, regional, and local media coverage, archival sources, and semi-structured, in-depth interviews with 6 long-time syringe exchange researchers and activists from California...
March 8, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
Yenupini Joyce Adams, Barbara Smith
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors that affect the use of postpartum care services in developing countries. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, CINAHL, Global Health, EMBASE, and grey literature were searched for relevant articles in 2015 and 2016 with no publication date limit imposed. STUDY SELECTION: Thirteen studies met inclusion criteria and were assessed for quality with the use of a checklist developed by Fowkes and Fulton (1991) and a checklist developed by the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (2017)...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
Cynthia M Mojica, Deborah Parra-Medina, Sally Vernon
INTRODUCTION: Colorectal cancer, the second leading cause of cancer death in the United States, is also among the most preventable cancers. However, Latino men are less likely than non-Latino men to engage in preventive screening. Compared with 60% of non-Latino white men and women, only 42% of Latino men are up to date with colorectal cancer screening guidelines, which may result in diagnosis at advanced disease stages and increased deaths. We evaluated the literature on colorectal cancer screening interventions among Latino men to characterize intervention components effective in increasing colorectal cancer screening...
March 8, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Benjamin W Mann
While previous studies in health communication have examined online news media regarding autism, there is a lack of research that critically examines how such media representations may stigmatize autism and seeks to eliminate the condition, particularly in the context of the resurging measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine-autism controversy. To address this gap in the literature, this study analyzes 153 articles that engage the MMR vaccine-autism controversy from the top 10 online news sources in the U...
March 9, 2018: Health Communication
Georgina M Williams, Patricia Neville, Kathleen M Gillespie, Sam D Leary, Julian P Hamilton-Shield, Aidan J Searle
OBJECTIVE: To understand how to maximise recruitment of young infants with Down's syndrome (DS) into research through qualitative interviews with parents and care providers. In complex neonatal and genetic conditions such as DS, frequently diagnosed after birth, parents may go through a period of adaptation. These factors need consideration when overcoming barriers to recruitment. PARTICIPANTS AND DESIGN: Participants, who were drawn from health professionals and volunteers working with families experiencing DS, were recruited using a purposive sampling strategy...
March 8, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
José Luis Ortega
The main objective of this article is to group altmetric indicators according to their relationships and detect disciplinary differences in a set of 3,793 research articles published in 2013 with regard to their altmetric impact. Three of the most representative altmetric providers (Altmetric, PlumX and CrossRef Event Data (CED)) and Scopus were used to extract information about these publications and their metrics. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) was used to summarize the information of these metrics and detect groups of indicators...
March 6, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Letters
Peter Balicza, Andras Terebessy, Zoltan Grosz, Noemi Agnes Varga, Aniko Gal, Balint Andras Fekete, Maria Judit Molnar
Objective: Next-generation sequencing is increasingly utilized worldwide as a research and diagnostic tool and is anticipated to be implemented into everyday clinical practice. Since Central-Eastern European attitude toward genetic testing, especially broad genetic testing, is not well known, we performed a survey on this issue among Hungarian participants. Methods: A self-administered questionnaire was distributed among patients and patient relatives at our neurogenetic outpatient clinic...
March 2018: EPMA Journal
Lukas Streese, Arne Deiseroth, Juliane Schäfer, Arno Schmidt-Trucksäss, Henner Hanssen
Background: Age is a key determinant for the development of cardiovascular disease and higher age coincides with an increased prevalence of obesity and physical inactivity. The study examines the influence of physical activity on aging processes of physiological systems focusing on the mechanisms of vascular aging. Methods/Design: The study consists of two parts. The cross-sectional approach aims at examining the association of physical fitness and cardiovascular risk with large and small artery function in healthy older active (HOA, n = 40) and sedentary (HOS, n = 40) persons as well as older sedentary individuals with increased cardiovascular risk (OSR, n = 80) aged 50-80 years...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Christine Sundgot-Borgen, Solfrid Bratland-Sanda, Kethe M E Engen, Gunn Pettersen, Oddgeir Friborg, Monica Klungland Torstveit, Elin Kolle, Niva Piran, Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen, Jan H Rosenvinge
BACKGROUND: Body dissatisfaction and disordered eating raise the risk for eating disorders. In the prevention of eating disorders, many programmes have proved partly successful in using cognitive techniques to combat such risk factors. However, specific strategies to actively promote a positive body image are rarely used. The present paper outlines a protocol for a programme integrating the promotion of a positive body image and the prevention of disordered eating. METHODS AND DESIGN: Using a cluster randomized controlled mixed methods design, 30 high schools and 2481 12th grade students were allocated to the Healthy Body Image programme or to a control condition...
March 6, 2018: BMC Psychology
Michelle Colder Carras, Ramin Mojtabai, Bernadette Cullen
OBJECTIVE: Popular media applications have been shown to benefit people with severe mental illness by facilitating communication and social support, helping patients cope with or manage symptoms, and providing a way to monitor or predict mental health states. Although many studies of technology use by individuals with severe mental illness have focused primarily on use of social media, this study provides additional information about use of Internet applications such as blogs, wikis (websites that allow collaborative editing of content and structure by users), video games, and Skype by a community psychiatry population...
March 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
Jane Maddock, Nida Ziauddeen, Gina L Ambrosini, Andrew Wong, Rebecca Hardy, Sumantra Ray
Little is known about long-term associations between the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet and conventional cardiovascular (CV)-risk factors as well as novel measures of vascular function. This study aimed to examine whether long-term adherence to a DASH-type diet in a British birth cohort is associated with conventional CV-risk factors and two vascular function markers, carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) and pulse wave velocity (PWV). Data came from 1409 participants of the Medical Research Council (MRC) National Survey of Health and Development...
March 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Stefania Sarsah Cobbinah, Jan Lewis
Racial discrimination has been increasingly reported to have a causal link with morbidity and mortality of Black Americans, yet this issue is rarely addressed in a public health perspective. Racism affects health at different levels: institutional racism is a structural and legalized system that results in differential access to health services; cultural racism refers to the negative racial stereotypes, often reinforced by media, that results in poorer psychological and physiological wellbeing of the minorities...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
Kendra L Rieger, Christina H West, Amanda Kenny, Rishma Chooniedass, Lisa Demczuk, Kim M Mitchell, Joanne Chateau, Shannon D Scott
BACKGROUND: Digital storytelling is an arts-based research method with potential to elucidate complex narratives in a compelling manner, increase participant engagement, and enhance the meaning of research findings. This method involves the creation of a 3- to 5-min video that integrates multimedia materials including photos, participant voices, drawings, and music. Given the significant potential of digital storytelling to meaningfully capture and share participants' lived experiences, a systematic review of its use in healthcare research is crucial to develop an in-depth understanding of how researchers have used this method, with an aim to refine and further inform future iterations of its use...
March 5, 2018: Systematic Reviews
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