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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909996/modelling-the-cost-effectiveness-of-human-milk-and-breastfeeding-in-preterm-infants-in-the-united-kingdom
#1
James Mahon, Lindsay Claxton, Hannah Wood
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the cost savings and health benefits in the UK NHS that could be achieved if human milk usage in the NICU was increased. METHODS: A systematic review established the disease areas with the strong sources of evidence of the short, medium and long-term benefits of human milk for preterm infants as opposed to the use of formula milk. The analysis assessed the economic impact of reducing rates of necrotising enterocolitis, sepsis, sudden infant death syndrome, leukaemia, otitis media, obesity and neurodevelopmental impairment...
December 2016: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908542/health-literacy-and-the-perception-of-risk-in-a-breast-cancer-family-history-clinic
#2
E J Rutherford, J Kelly, E A Lehane, V Livingstone, B Cotter, A Butt, M J O'Sullivan, F O Connell, H P Redmond, M A Corrigan
BACKGROUND: Informed consent is an essential component of medical practice, and especially so in procedural based specialties which entail varying degrees of risk. Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers in women, and as such is the focus of extensive research and significant media attention. Despite this, considerable misperception exists regarding the risk of developing breast cancer. AIMS: This study aims to examine the accuracy of risk perception of women attending a breast cancer family history clinic, and to explore the relationship between risk perception accuracy and health literacy...
November 28, 2016: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907127/escherichia-coli-removal-in-biochar-modified-biofilters-effects-of-biofilm
#3
A R M Nabiul Afrooz, Alexandria B Boehm
The presence of microbial contaminants in urban stormwater is a significant concern for public health; however, their removal by traditional stormwater biofilters has been reported as inconsistent and inadequate. Recent work has explored the use of biochar to improve performance of stormwater biofilters under simplified conditions that do not consider potential effects of biofilm development on filter media. The present study investigates the role of biofilm on microbial contaminant removal performance of stormwater biofilters...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890720/the-lawa-model-a-sustainable-integrated-opisthorchiasis-control-program-using-the-ecohealth-approach-in-the-lawa-lake-region-of-thailand
#4
Banchob Sripa, Sirikachorn Tangkawattana, Thinnakorn Sangnikul
Opisthorchiasis caused by the carcinogenic liver fluke Opisthorchis viverrini is a major foodborne parasitic zoonotic disease in Thailand and neighboring Mekong countries. The infection is associated with several hepatobiliary diseases including cholangiocarcinoma (CCA). The rates of CCA in regions where the parasite is endemic are unprecedented. Extensive research on various aspects of opisthorchiasis has been conducted in recent decades. However, the current status of O. viverrini infection in the country is approaching 85% prevalence in certain endemic areas even after more than 30years of control programs in Thailand...
November 24, 2016: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890647/reducing-preterm-birth-by-a-state-wide-multifaceted-program-an-implementation-study
#5
John P Newnham, Scott W White, Suzanne Meharry, Han-Shin Lee, Michelle K Pedretti, Catherine A Arrese, Jeffrey A Keelan, Matthew W Kemp, Jan E Dickinson, Dorota A Doherty
BACKGROUND: A comprehensive preterm birth prevention program was introduced in the state of Western Australia encompassing new clinical guidelines, an outreach program for health care practitioners, a public health program for women and their families based on print and social media, and a new clinic at the state's sole tertiary level perinatal center for referral of those pregnant women at highest risk. The initiative had the single aim of safely lowering the rate of preterm birth. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate the outcomes of the initiative on the rates of preterm birth both state-wide and in the single tertiary level perinatal referral center...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882789/advising-patients-on-nutrition-and-healthy-eating
#6
Sara Patience
This article looks at the current UK guidelines for a healthy diet for the general population and considers the current debates and changes within that advice and how they may affect health outcomes. It is impossible to read a newspaper, magazine or social media article without being exposed to dietary advice, nutritional research or the latest diet craze. It is essential that nurses are able to advise their patients on research-based UK guidelines for a healthy diet, and be able to respond to patient questions on diet-related matters, ensuring the information they give is not based on current media opinion or celebrity views...
November 24, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876685/efficacy-of-mobile-serious-games-in-increasing-hiv-risk-perception-in-swaziland-a-randomized-control-trial-sgprev-trial-research-protocol
#7
Bhekumusa Wellington Lukhele, Patou Musumari, Christina El-Saaidi, Teeranee Techasrivichien, S Pilar Suguimoto, Masako Ono Kihara, Masahiro Kihara
BACKGROUND: The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) continue to be a major public health problem in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), particularly in Swaziland, which has the highest HIV prevalence in this region. A wide range of strategies and interventions have been used to promote behavior change, though almost all such interventions have involved mass media. Therefore, innovative behavior change strategies beyond mass media communication are urgently needed...
November 22, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875070/competitive-funding-strategies-for-the-conquer-cancer-foundation-of-asco
#8
Tanios Bekaii-Saab, Sanjay Goel, Adrien Dickerson, Jamie Von Roenn, Michael A Thompson, Anne S Tsao
PURPOSE: The Conquer Cancer Foundation (CCF), the philanthropic arm of ASCO, is responsible for funding innovative clinical research. CCF wants to broaden its donor base instead of relying predominantly on health-care companies. Our Leadership Development Program (LDP) group was tasked with identifying potential donor sources and making recommendations to increase funding. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We selected three sources to research: the general public, crowdsourcing/social media, and ASCO members...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870319/stem-cell-research-the-role-of-information-seeking-and-scanning
#9
Sara Nelissen, Jan Van den Bulck, Marijke Lemal, Kathleen Beullens
BACKGROUND: The mass media have held an ongoing debate about stem cell research. However, few studies have investigated how individuals obtain information on stem cell research and whether this affects their knowledge and perspectives on stem cell research. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate whether (i) cancer-diagnosed and non-diagnosed individuals differ in terms of their acquisition of stem cell research information, (ii) whether this information acquisition is associated with stem cell research knowledge and perspectives and (iii) whether having had a cancer diagnosis moderates these associations...
December 2016: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867757/epigenetics-media-coverage-and-parent-responsibilities-in-the-post-genomic-era
#10
Martine Lappé
Environmental epigenetics is the study of how exposures and experiences can turn genes "on" or "off" without changing DNA sequence. By examining the influence that environmental conditions including diet, stress, trauma, toxins, and care can have on gene expression, this science suggests molecular connections between the environment, genetics, and how acquired characteristics may be inherited across generations. The rapid expansion of research in this area has attracted growing media attention. This coverage has implications for how parents and prospective parents understand health and their perceived responsibilities for children's wellbeing...
September 2016: Current Genetic Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867262/colonial-legacy-and-the-experience-of-first-nations-women-in-cervical-cancer-screening-a-canadian-multi-community-study
#11
Pamela Wakewich, Brianne Wood, Crystal Davey, Ashlie Laframboise, Ingeborg Zehbe
Regular Papanicolaou (Pap) screening has dramatically reduced cervical cancer incidence in Canada since the 1950s. However, Indigenous women's rates of cervical cancer remain disproportionately high, a factor which is not acknowledged in national media or in educational materials reporting Canada's new cervical cancer screening guidelines. Here, we present findings from a cervical cancer screening initiative in Northwestern Ontario. Based on participatory action research, we worked with 10 First Nations communities in the Robinson Superior Treaty area to increase awareness of cervical cancer risk, develop culturally sensitive tools for screening and education and test the efficacy of human papillomavirus (HPV) self-sampling as an alternative to Pap cytology...
January 1, 2016: Critical Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866945/a-global-call-from-five-countries-to-collaborate-in-antibiotic-stewardship-united-we-succeed-divided-we-might-fail
#12
REVIEW
Debra A Goff, Ravina Kullar, Ellie J C Goldstein, Mark Gilchrist, Dilip Nathwani, Allen C Cheng, Kelly A Cairns, Kevin Escandón-Vargas, Maria Virginia Villegas, Adrian Brink, Dena van den Bergh, Marc Mendelson
In February, 2016, WHO released a report for the development of national action plans to address the threat of antibiotic resistance, the catastrophic consequences of inaction, and the need for antibiotic stewardship. Antibiotic stewardship combined with infection prevention comprises a collaborative, multidisciplinary approach to optimise use of antibiotics. Efforts to mitigate overuse will be unsustainable without learning and coordinating activities globally. In this Personal View, we provide examples of international collaborations to address optimal prescribing, focusing on five countries that have developed different approaches to antibiotic stewardship-the USA, South Africa, Colombia, Australia, and the UK...
November 17, 2016: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862970/the-emotional-and-practical-experiences-of-formula-feeding-mothers
#13
Victoria Fallon, Sophia Komninou, Kate M Bennett, Jason C G Halford, Joanne A Harrold
The majority of infant-feeding research is focused on identifying mother's reasons for the cessation of breastfeeding. The experience of mothers who choose to use formula is largely overlooked in quantitative designs. This study aimed to describe the emotional and practical experiences of mothers who formula feed in any quantity, and examine whether these experiences would vary among different cohorts of formula-feeding mothers according to prenatal feeding intention and postnatal feeding method. A total of 890 mothers of infants up to 26 weeks of age, who were currently formula feeding in any quantity, were recruited through relevant international social media sites via advertisements providing a link to an online survey...
November 14, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858470/the-effect-of-health-beliefs-media-perceptions-and-communicative-behaviors-on-health-behavioral-intention-an-integrated-health-campaign-model-on-social-media
#14
Sun-Wook Yoo, Jarim Kim, Yeunjae Lee
Social media have recently gained attention as a potential health campaign tool. This study examines this line of expectation concerning the role social media may play in health campaigns by testing an integrated health campaign model that combines insights from research on social media-specific perceptions and communicative behaviors in order to predict health behaviors. Specifically, this study aims to (a) develop a more holistic social media campaign model for predicting health behaviors in the social media context, (b) investigate how social media channel-related perceptions affect preventive health behaviors, and (c) investigate how communicative behaviors mediate perceptions and behavioral intention...
November 18, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855104/standardised-tobacco-packaging-a-health-policy-case-study-of-corporate-conflict-expansion-and-adaptation
#15
Jenny L Hatchard, Gary J Fooks, Anna B Gilmore
OBJECTIVES: To investigate opposition to standardised tobacco packaging in the UK. To increase understanding of how transnational corporations are adapting to changes in their access to policymakers precipitated by Article 5.3 of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). DESIGN: Case study web-based documentary analysis, using NVivo V.10. Examination of relationships between opponents of standardised packaging and transnational tobacco companies (TTCs) and of the volume, nature, transparency and timing of their activities...
October 7, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855100/increasing-the-uptake-of-long-acting-reversible-contraception-in-general-practice-the-australian-contraceptive-choice-project-accord-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol
#16
Danielle Mazza, Kirsten Black, Angela Taft, Jayne Lucke, Kevin McGeechan, Marion Haas, Heather McKay, Jeffery F Peipert
INTRODUCTION: The increased use of long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs), such as intrauterine devices and hormonal implants, has the potential to reduce unintended pregnancy and abortion rates. However, use of LARCs in Australia is very low, despite clinical practice guidance and statements by national and international peak bodies advocating their increased use. This protocol paper describes the Australian Contraceptive ChOice pRojet (ACCORd), a cluster randomised control trial that aims to test whether an educational intervention targeting general practitioners (GPs) and establishing a rapid referral service are a cost-effective means of increasing LARC uptake...
October 7, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854532/twitter-as-a-tool-for-health-research-a-systematic-review
#17
Lauren Sinnenberg, Alison M Buttenheim, Kevin Padrez, Christina Mancheno, Lyle Ungar, Raina M Merchant
BACKGROUND: Researchers have used traditional databases to study public health for decades. Less is known about the use of social media data sources, such as Twitter, for this purpose. OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the use of Twitter in health research, define a taxonomy to describe Twitter use, and characterize the current state of Twitter in health research. SEARCH METHODS: We performed a literature search in PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Google Scholar, and CINAHL through September 2015...
November 17, 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853853/-social-support-after-traumatism
#18
A Maercker, E Heim, T Hecker, M V Thoma
The classical concept of social support has recently become of relevance again, particularly in the context of traumatized patient groups, which include refugees and migrants. This article summarizes the evidence from social support research, e. g. different types of positive effects as well as context, gender and cultural aspects. These aspects are highlighted by means of studies stemming from applied healthcare research and thus describe a wide range of health effects, e.g. increased well-being and reduced depressive symptoms, improved functional abilities, better immune status and longevity...
November 16, 2016: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853709/soybean-and-lactose-in-meat-products-and-preparations-sampled-at-retail
#19
Filomena Piccolo, Lucia Vollano, Giuseppe Base, Mariagrazia Girasole, Giorgio Smaldone, Maria Luisa Cortesi
Food allergies and intolerances have increased during the last decades and regulatory authorities have taken different measures to prevent and manage consumers' adverse reactions, including correct labelling of foods. Aim of this work was to search for soybean and lactose in meat products and meat preparations taken from retail in some provinces of Campania Region (Southern Italy) and to evaluate the food labels compliance with Regulation (EU) n.1169/2011. Soybean and lactose were searched using commercial kits in n...
June 3, 2016: Italian Journal of Food Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852353/the-brazilian-twin-registry
#20
Paulo H Ferreira, Vinicius C Oliveira, Daniela R Junqueira, Lígia C Cisneros, Lucas C Ferreira, Kate Murphy, Juan R Ordoñana, John L Hopper, Luci F Teixeira-Salmela
The Brazilian Twin Registry (BTR) was established in 2013 and has impelled twin research in South America. The main aim of the initiative was to create a resource that would be accessible to the Brazilian scientific community as well as international researchers interested in the investigation of the contribution of genetic and environmental factors in the development of common diseases, phenotypes, and human behavior traits. The BTR is a joint effort between academic and governmental institutions from Brazil and Australia...
December 2016: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
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