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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449191/perceived-harms-and-benefits-of-tobacco-marijuana-and-electronic-vaporizers-among-young-adults-in-colorado-implications-for-health-education-and-research
#1
Lucy Popova, Emily Anne McDonald, Sohrab Sidhu, Rachel Barry, Tracey A Richers Maruyama, Nicolas M Sheon, Pamela M Ling
AIMS: To evaluate how young adults perceive and compare harms and benefits of marijuana and tobacco products in the context of a legal marijuana market in Colorado. DESIGN: Semi-structured qualitative interviews. SETTING: Denver, Colorado, USA. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-two young adults (18-26 years old) who used tobacco/marijuana/vaporizers. Semi-structured interviews addressed perceived harms and benefits of various tobacco and marijuana products and personal experiences with these products...
April 27, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447133/-digital-media-as-laypeople-s-source-of-information-about-the-environment-and-health
#2
REVIEW
Kai Sassenberg
Over the last two decades, the Internet has become the primary source of information. Thanks to the Internet, laypeople have access to information from the health and the environmental sector, which was for a long time available only to experts (e. g. scientific publications, statistics). Information on the Internet varies in quality, as generally anybody can publish online, without any quality control. At the same time, Internet use comes with specific situational characteristics. Given that the amount of information is nearly unlimited and that this information is easily available via search engines, users are not restricted to one or just a few texts, but can choose between multiple sources depending on their motivation and interest...
April 26, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447017/in-sickness-and-in-health-clinical-research-and-social-media
#3
REVIEW
Saswata Ray
In this "digital age," the model of healthcare is changing rapidly, primarily in the area of communication that is happening among the major stakeholders each minute. Patients, being the central point of the importance of all the work and development, are more empowered than ever with information from various sources, among which social media is leading from the front. This article reviews how social media engages healthcare service providers, service seekers, and regulatory authorities. If the gaps in the current regulations are filled, better healthcare outputs can be triggered...
April 2017: Perspectives in Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437620/american-association-of-clinical-endocrinologists-and-american-college-of-endocrinology-guidelines-for-management-of-dyslipidemia-and-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease
#4
Paul S Jellinger, Yehuda Handelsman, Paul D Rosenblit, Zachary T Bloomgarden, Vivian A Fonseca, Alan J Garber, George Grunberger, Chris K Guerin, David S H Bell, Jeffrey I Mechanick, Rachel Pessah-Pollack, Kathleen Wyne, Donald Smith, Eliot A Brinton, Sergio Fazio, Michael Davidson
OBJECTIVE: The development of these guidelines is mandated by the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE) Board of Directors and American College of Endocrinology (ACE) Board of Trustees and adheres with published AACE protocols for the standardized production of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs). METHODS: Recommendations are based on diligent reviews of the clinical evidence with transparent incorporation of subjective factors, according to established AACE/ACE guidelines for guidelines protocols...
April 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428164/zika-in-twitter-temporal-variations-of-locations-actors-and-concepts
#5
Anthony Stefanidis, Emily Vraga, Georgios Lamprianidis, Jacek Radzikowski, Paul L Delamater, Kathryn H Jacobsen, Dieter Pfoser, Arie Croitoru, Andrew Crooks
BACKGROUND: The recent Zika outbreak witnessed the disease evolving from a regional health concern to a global epidemic. During this process, different communities across the globe became involved in Twitter, discussing the disease and key issues associated with it. This paper presents a study of this discussion in Twitter, at the nexus of location, actors, and concepts. OBJECTIVE: Our objective in this study was to demonstrate the significance of 3 types of events: location related, actor related, and concept related, for understanding how a public health emergency of international concern plays out in social media, and Twitter in particular...
April 20, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427426/the-development-and-validation-of-an-instrument-to-measure-the-quality-of-health-research-reports-in-the-lay-media
#6
Dena Zeraatkar, Michael Obeda, Jeffrey S Ginsberg, Jack Hirsh
BACKGROUND: The media serves as an important link between medical research, as reported in scholarly sources, and the public and has the potential to act as a powerful tool to improve public health. However, concerns about the reliability of health research reports have been raised. Tools to monitor the quality of health research reporting in the media are needed to identify areas of weakness in health research reporting and to subsequently work towards the efficient use of the lay media as a public health tool through which the public's health behaviors can be improved...
April 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426284/participatory-genomic-research-ethical-issues-from-the-bottom-up-to-the-top-down
#7
Heide Aungst, Michelle L McGowan, Jennifer R Fishman
Participatory approaches to genomic research manifest along a continuum from bottom-up citizen-science initiatives designed to liberate scientific inquiry from the constraints of traditional research institutional contexts and professional practices to top-down investigator-initiated studies designed to expose the public to scientific research processes and build their support and enthusiasm for genomic research. With foundations as varied as open science, crowdsourcing, patient advocacy, social media, the digitization of health, and the neoliberalization of academic research, a range of ethical frameworks inform the modes of participatory genomic research...
April 19, 2017: Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426117/identifying-the-gaps-in-nepalese-migrant-workers-health-and-well-being-a-review-of-the-literature
#8
Padam P Simkhada, Pramod R Regmi, Edwin van Teijlingen, Nirmal Aryal
Background: The health and well-being of migrant workers from low-income countries is often neglected in travel medicine. This article uses Nepal as a case study to highlight key issues affecting this particular group of international travellers. Methods: This narrative review used a comprehensive systematic literature search to identify relevant studies on Nepal. The included articles were thematically analysed leading to four key themes or risk factors. Results: The search found 18 articles from which we identified 3 key themes related directly to migrant workers: (1) sexual risk taking; (2) occupational health and (3) lifestyles, and a fourth theme related to partners and family of migrant workers who are left behind in Nepal...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425691/health-implications-of-new-age-technologies
#9
Zaid Bilgrami, Laura McLaughlin, Ruth Milanaik, Andrew Adesman
New age technologies are ubiquitous in the lives of adolescents. Recent trends in media use suggest that adolescents are spending more time than ever engaging with technologies, and are able to do so in virtually all settings at any time. Given that new age technologies are so heavily integrated within the daily life of adolescents, the health risks and benefits they offer must be closely examined. In this systematic review, we present recent literature related to the implications of new age technologies on adolescent health...
April 20, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423992/secrecy-empowerment-and-protection-positioning-prep-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#10
Eliza Govender, Leila Mansoor, Kate MacQueen, Quarraisha Abdool Karim
The release of World Health Organisation guidelines recommending the prophylactic use of daily Truvada(®) for all populations at high risk of acquiring HIV opens the way for implementation of oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). The impact of new prevention technologies is, however, dependent on demand creation strategies such as user awareness, acceptability and access, which in turn are influenced by sociocultural and gender norms. This study was conducted in three locations in KwaZulu-Natal, urban, rural and peri-urban, with six participatory workshops...
April 20, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420600/increasing-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-through-a-healthy-eating-blog-a-feasibility-study
#11
Marie-Eve Caplette, Véronique Provencher, Véronique Bissonnette-Maheux, Marilyn Dugrenier, Annie Lapointe, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Sharon Straus, Sophie Desroches
BACKGROUND: Despite efforts made by public health organizations to improve consumption of fruits and vegetables, populations in developed countries usually eat less than the minimum recommended. Social media, such as blogs, represent a unique opportunity for improving knowledge translation in health care because they facilitate interactive communication between the public and health professionals. However, no studies have yet evaluated the effect of blogs to promote dietary behavior changes...
April 18, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420401/using-media-to-impact-health-policy-making-an-integrative-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Lama Bou-Karroum, Fadi El-Jardali, Nour Hemadi, Yasmine Faraj, Utkarsh Ojha, Maher Shahrour, Andrea Darzi, Maha Ali, Carine Doumit, Etienne V Langlois, Jad Melki, Gladys Honein AbouHaidar, Elie A Akl
INTRODUCTION: Media interventions can potentially play a major role in influencing health policies. This integrative systematic review aimed to assess the effects of planned media interventions-including social media-on the health policy-making process. METHODS: Eligible study designs included randomized and non-randomized designs, economic studies, process evaluation studies, stakeholder analyses, qualitative methods, and case studies. We electronically searched Medline, EMBASE, Communication and Mass Media Complete, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and the WHO Global Health Library...
April 18, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419649/a-paradigm-for-examining-stress-effects-on-alcohol-motivated-behaviors-in-participants-with-alcohol-use-disorder
#13
Mary E McCaul, Gary S Wand, Elise M Weerts, Xiaoqiang Xu
Although epidemiological research has shown an increase in drinking following stressors and trauma, limited paradigms have been validated to study the relationship between stress and drinking in the human laboratory. The current study developed a progressive ratio (PR) operant procedure to examine the effects of psychosocial stress on alcohol craving and several alcohol-motivated behaviors in persons with alcohol use disorder. Current heavy, nontreatment-seeking drinkers (N = 30) were media-recruited and completed a comprehensive assessment of recent drinking, mood and health...
April 17, 2017: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415860/computer-mediated-social-support-for-physical-activity-a-content-analysis
#14
Jeroen Stragier, Peter Mechant, Lieven De Marez, Greet Cardon
PURPOSE: Online fitness communities are a recent phenomenon experiencing growing user bases. They can be considered as online social networks in which recording, monitoring, and sharing of physical activity (PA) are the most prevalent practices. They have added a new dimension to the social experience of PA in which online peers function as virtual PA partners or supporters. However, research into seeking and receiving computer-mediated social support for PA is scarce. Our aim was to study to what extent using online fitness communities and sharing physical activities with online social networks results in receiving various types of online social support...
April 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413166/health-literacy-scale-and-causal-model-of-childhood-overweight
#15
Ungsinun Intarakamhang, Patrawut Intarakamhang
BACKGROUND: WHO focuses on developing health literacy (HL) referring to cognitive and social skills. Our objectives were to develop a scale for evaluating the HL level of Thai childhood overweight, and develop a path model of health behavior (HB) for preventing obesity. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: This research used a mixed method. Overall, 2,000 school students were aged 9 to 14 yr collected by stratified random sampling from all parts of Thailand in 2014...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408362/ehealth-search-patterns-a-comparison-of-private-and-public-health-care-markets-using-online-panel-data
#16
Janina Anne Schneider, Christopher Patrick Holland
BACKGROUND: Patient and consumer access to eHealth information is of crucial importance because of its role in patient-centered medicine and to improve knowledge about general aspects of health and medical topics. OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to analyze and compare eHealth search patterns in a private (United States) and a public (United Kingdom) health care market. METHODS: A new taxonomy of eHealth websites is proposed to organize the largest eHealth websites...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406107/evaluating-the-use-of-twitter-as-a-tool-to-increase-engagement-in-medical-education
#17
Basia Diug, Evie Kendal, Dragan Ilic
BACKGROUND: Social media is regularly used by undergraduate students. Twitter has a constant feed to the most current research, news and opinions of experts as well as organisations. Limited evidence exists that examines how to use social media platforms, such as Twitter, effectively in medical education. Furthermore, there is limited evidence to inform educators regarding social media's potential to increase student interaction and engagement. AIM: To evaluate whether social media, in particular Twitter, can be successfully used as a pedagogical tool in an assessment to increase student engagement with staff, peers and course content...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405898/current-smokers-preferences-for-receiving-cessation-information-in-a-lung-cancer-screening-setting
#18
Lisa Carter-Harris, Rhonda Schwindt, Giorgos Bakoyannis, DuyKhanh Pham Ceppa, Susan M Rawl
The purpose of this study was to identify current smokers' communication format preferences for receiving smoking cessation information in a lung cancer screening setting. A cross-sectional correlational design using survey methodology with 159 screening-eligible current smokers was the method used. Data was dichotomized (digital versus traditional preference) and analyzed using Pearson's chi-squared test, Mann-Whitney U test, and logistic regression. Race was a statistically significant predictor with White participants having four times greater odds of reporting preference for a digital format for receiving smoking cessation information such as social media and/or supportive text messages (OR: 4...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403339/effective-universal-coverage-of-diabetes-mellitus-type-2-in-chile
#19
Sara Guerrero-Núñez, Sandra Valenzuela-Suazo, Patricia Cid-Henríquez
Objective: determine the prevalence of Effective Universal Coverage of Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 in Chile and its relation with the variables: Health Care Coverage of Diabetes Mellitus Type 2; Average of diabetics with metabolic control in 2011-2013; Mortality Rate for Diabetes Mellitus; and Percentage of nurses participating in the Cardiovascular Health Program. Method: cross-sectional descriptive study with ecological components that uses documentary sources of the Ministry of Health...
April 6, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403336/attitude-and-knowledge-about-foot-health-a-spanish-view
#20
Daniel López-López, Ricardo García-Mira, Patricia Palomo-López, Rubén Sánchez-Gómez, José Ramos-Galván, Natalia Tovaruela-Carrión, Matilde García-Sánchez
Objective: to explore attitudes towards patients' self-reported data about foot health-related beliefs from a behavioural and attitudinal perspective. Methods: a sample of 282 participants of a mean age of 39.46 ± 16.026 came to a health centre where self-reported demographic, clinical characteristics and beliefs relating to foot health data were registered, informants' completed all the stages of the research process. Results: the results of the analysis revealed an 8-factor factorial structure based on (1) podiatric behaviours, (2) the intention to carry out protective behaviour, (3) attitudinal beliefs, (4) normative beliefs, (5) needs, (6) apathy, (7) self-care, and (8) the general perception of foot health...
April 6, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
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