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Red blood cell antigen

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102039/a-dispermic-chimerism-detected-in-a-taiwanese-potential-unrelated-hematopoietic-stem-cell-donor
#1
E K L Yang, S G E Marsh, P-Y Chen, C-P Chen, S-P Chen, P Y Lin
Chimerism is defined as the presence of 2 or more than 1 genetically distinct cell populations in an organism. Dispermic chimeras are derived from the fertilization of 1 or 2 matured nuclei by 2 sperms. We here report detection of a healthy and phenotypically normal female with normal ABO red blood cell typing in whom dispermic chimerism was suspected after 3 alleles were identified at multiple human leukocyte antigen (HLA) loci using molecular HLA analysis. Molecular HLA typing showed the donor to have 3 HLA-A, -B, -C, -DRB1, -DQB1 and -DPB1 alleles in blood, saliva and nail samples...
February 2017: HLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097704/prophylactic-rhce-and-kell-antigen-matching-impact-on-alloimmunization-in-transfusion-dependent-patients-with-myelodysplastic-syndromes
#2
Y Lin, A Saskin, R A Wells, M Lenis, A Mamedov, J Callum, R Buckstein
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Thirty to 80 per cent of patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) become transfusion-dependent and are at risk for red blood cell (RBC) alloimmunization. This study compared alloimmunization rates in transfusion-dependent patients with MDS at an institution with a policy of prophylactic antigen matching for RhCE and K (PAM) with those transfused at institutions without such a policy (non-PAM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Transfusion records were retrospectively reviewed to determine total number of RBC transfusions received, whether RBC phenotyping was performed, the type and date of first alloantibody development and receipt of prophylactic antigen matching for RhCE and K...
January 2017: Vox Sanguinis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063760/a-novel-nonsense-mutation-in-rhag-gene-responsible-for-rhnull-phenotype-in-a-chinese-individual
#3
Li Hou, Qi-Dong Yan, Li Tian
BACKGROUND: Rhnull is a rare autosomal recessive phenotype, which is characterized by the lack of Rh antigen expression on the red blood cells (RBCs). Rhnull of the regulator type is caused by RHAG mutation. In this study, a novel nonsense mutation in RHAG gene was identified in a Chinese Rhnull individual. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: Rh phenotypes of the Rhnull individual and his family members were typed by standard serological methods. DNA sequences of all ten exons of RHAG gene were analyzed using genomic DNA by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and direct-sequencing...
December 21, 2016: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063061/isolation-and-characterization-of-aortic-dendritic-cells-and-lymphocytes-in-atherosclerosis
#4
Tae Jin Yun, Jun Seong Lee, Dahee Shim, Jae-Hoon Choi, Cheolho Cheong
Dendritic cells (DCs) are central to initiate antigen-specific immunity and tolerance. The in vivo development and distribution of DCs are now better understood even in nonlymphoid tissues [1]. Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease of blood vessels and DCs are highly enriched in the intimal area of the aorta, which is predisposed to develop atherosclerosis. Previously, we were the first to show antigen presenting DCs and their subsets in the aorta [2, 3]. Here, we discuss several useful methods to characterize not only DCs but also other immune cells in steady state and atherosclerotic aorta...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052334/association-of-hla-drb1-and-hla-dqb1-with-red-blood-cell-alloimmunization-in-the-czech-population
#5
A Maluskova, F Mrazek, M Pauliskova, P Kovarova, M Koristka, P Jindra, Z Cermakova
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Alloimmune antibodies against red-blood-cell (RBC) antigens induced in susceptible individuals (responders) by transfusion, pregnancy or transplantation may have serious clinical consequences. The aim of this study was to investigate association of alloimmunization against selected RBC antigens with HLA-Class II. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 230 responders (106 monoresponders and 124 multiresponders) were enrolled into the study. HLA-DRB1 and HLA-DQB1 variants were determined by PCR-SSO and their frequencies compared between the patients (patient subgroups) and 375 ethnically and regionally matched controls...
January 4, 2017: Vox Sanguinis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050381/spectrum-of-changes-in-rbc-indices-and-histograms-in-blood-from-subjects-with-cold-antibodies
#6
Chidambharam Choccalingam, Aarthi Kannan
Cold antibodies are mostly immunoglobulin M, which interact with red cell antigens at lower temperatures (<37°C). The analysis of samples from subjects with cold antibodies in automated haematology analysers may show abnormal Red Blood Corpuscles (RBC) indices and changes in histogram. High Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin (MCH) and Mean Haemoglobin Concentration (MCHC) along with plateau effect beyond 110fl at Upper Discriminator (RU) end of RBC histogram are good indicators of presence of cold antibodies in plasma...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049150/fosl1-inhibits-type-i-interferon-responses-to-malaria-and-viral-infections-by-blocking-tbk1-and-traf3-trif-interactions
#7
Baowei Cai, Jian Wu, Xiao Yu, Xin-Zhuan Su, Rong-Fu Wang
: Innate immune response plays a critical role in controlling invading pathogens, but such an immune response must be tightly regulated. Insufficient or overactivated immune responses may lead to harmful or even fatal consequences. To dissect the complex host-parasite interactions and the molecular mechanisms underlying innate immune responses to infections, here we investigate the role of FOS-like antigen 1 (FOSL1) in regulating the host type I interferon (IFN-I) response to malaria parasite and viral infections...
January 3, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046078/immune-response-in-calves-vaccinated-with-type-three-secretion-system-antigens-and-shiga-toxin-2b-subunit-of-escherichia-coli-o157-h7
#8
Luisina Martorelli, Sergio Garbaccio, Daniel A Vilte, Adriana A Albanese, María P Mejías, Marina S Palermo, Elsa C Mercado, Cristina E Ibarra, Angel A Cataldi
Ruminants are the primary reservoir of Shiga-toxin producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157:H7 and the main source of infection for humans. The aim of this study was to assess the immunogenic properties of a candidate vaccine consisting on the recombinant proteins of E. coli O157:H7 IntiminC280, the carboxy-terminal fraction of Intimin γ, EspB and the fusion protein between the B subunit of Stx2 and Brucella Lumazine Synthase (BLS)(BLS-Stx2B), in Holstein Fresian calves.To accomplish this goal we vaccinated calves with two doses of different vaccine formulations: 2 antigens (IntiminC280, EspB), 3 antigens (IntiminC280, EspB, BLS-Stx2B), BLS-Stx2B alone and a control non-vaccinated group...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043178/towards-clinical-development-of-a-pfs48-45-based-transmission-blocking-malaria-vaccine
#9
Michael Theisen, Matthijs M Jore, Robert Sauerwein
Malaria is a devastating vector-borne disease caused by the Plasmodium parasite, resulting in almost 0.5 million casualties per year. The parasite has a complex life-cycle that includes asexual replication in human red blood cells, causing symptomatic malaria, and sexual stages which are essential for the transmission to the mosquito vector. A vaccine targeting the sexual stages of the parasite and thus blocking transmission will be instrumental for the eradication of malaria. One of the leading transmission blocking vaccine candidates is the sexual stage antigen Pfs48/45...
January 3, 2017: Expert Review of Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040400/emerging-strategies-of-blood-group-genotyping-for-patients-with-hemoglobinopathies
#10
REVIEW
A Belsito, K Magnussen, C Napoli
Red cell alloimmunization is a serious problem in chronically transfused patients. A number of high-throughput DNA assays have been developed to extend or replace traditional serologic antigen typing. DNA-based typing methods may be easily automated and multiplexed, and provide reliable information on a patient. Molecular genotyping promises to become cheaper, being not dependent on serologic immunoglobulin reagents. Patients with hemoglobinopathies could benefit from receiving extended genomic typing. This could limit post transfusional complications depending on subtle antigenic differences between donors and patients...
December 9, 2016: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017498/red-cell-immunohematology-research-conducted-in-china
#11
REVIEW
Ziyan Zhu, Luyi Ye, Qin Li, Hongwei Gao, Yinxia Tan, Wei Cai
ABO subtypes and RhD variants are the most studied blood groups in China. Some of the polymorphisms in these two blood groups have direct clinical relevance. Molecular diagnosis of blood group polymorphisms is underway in China. In addition, research groups have developed methods such as screening for blood group mimetic peptides using phage display technology. New reagents, akin to antibodies directed against RhD and ABO, are being investigated using aptamer-based techniques. Progress is also being made in the development of synthetic exoglycosidases for conversion of group A and/or B antigens to group O...
November 24, 2016: Transfusion Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994524/blood-product-supply-in-germany-the-impact-of-apheresis-and-pooled-platelet-concentrates
#12
Karin Berger, Dorothee Schopohl, Georg Wittmann, Wolfgang Schramm, Helmut Ostermann, Christina Rieger
BACKGROUND: In Germany, about 60% of all produced platelet concentrates (PCs) are apheresis PCs (APCs). Ongoing discussions on APC reimbursement and costs might lead to a potential shift in pooled PC (PPC)/APC production. Objective of this analysis was to build a comprehensive model from the societal perspective to evaluate consequences associated with shifts in platelet supply and demand. METHODS: Literature search, desktop researches on platelet supply and demand...
November 2016: Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991657/molecular-typing-for-blood-group-antigens-within-40%C3%A2-min-by-direct-polymerase-chain-reaction-from-plasma-or-serum
#13
Franz F Wagner, Willy A Flegel, Rita Bittner, Andrea Döscher
Determining blood group antigens by serological methods may be unreliable in certain situations, such as in patients after chronic or massive transfusion. Red cell genotyping offers a complementary approach, but current methods may take much longer than conventional serological typing, limiting their utility in urgent situations. To narrow this gap, we devised a rapid method using direct polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification while avoiding the DNA extraction step. DNA was amplified by PCR directly from plasma or serum of blood donors followed by a melting curve analysis in a capillary rapid-cycle PCR assay...
December 19, 2016: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984616/-study-of-the-molecular-basis-of-an-individual-with-aw43-subtype-of-the-abo-blood-group
#14
Danfei Deng, Genjie Lu, Xiaozhe Hong, Xianguo Xu, Ji He, Faming Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the molecular basis of an individual with A subtype of the ABO blood group. METHODS: The ABO antigen and serum antibody of the proband and his parents and sister were detected by a serological method. The whole coding regions of the ABO gene were amplified by PCR and subjected to bidirectional sequencing. RESULTS: Red blood cells of the proband showed mixed field agglutination with anti-A but did not agglutinate with anti-B, and his serum did not agglutinate with A and O cells but with B cells...
December 10, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976800/clinical-value-of-jointly-detection-serum-lactate-dehydrogenase-pleural-fluid-adenosine-deaminase-and-pleural-fluid-carcinoembryonic-antigen-in-the-identification-of-malignant-pleural-effusion
#15
Fan Zhang, Lijuan Hu, Junjun Wang, Jian Chen, Jie Chen, Yumin Wang
BACKGROUND: Limited data are available for the diagnostic value, and for the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of joint detection of serum lactate dehydrogenase (sLDH)/pleural fluid adenosine deaminase (pADA) and pleural fluid carcinoembryonic antigen (pCEA) in malignant pleural effusion (MPE). METHODS: We collected 987 pleural effusion specimens (of which 318 were malignant pleural effusion, 374 were tubercular pleural effusion, and 295 were parapneumonic effusion specimens) from the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University from July 2012 to March 2016...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965664/transfusion-as-an-inflammation-hit-knowns-and-unknowns
#16
REVIEW
Olivier Garraud, S Tariket, C Sut, A Haddad, C Aloui, T Chakroun, S Laradi, F Cognasse
Transfusion of blood cell components is frequent in the therapeutic arsenal; it is globally safe or even very safe. At present, residual clinical manifestations are principally inflammatory in nature. If some rare clinical hazards manifest as acute inflammation symptoms of various origin, most of them linked with conflicting and undesirable biological material accompanying the therapeutic component (infectious pathogen, pathogenic antibody, unwanted antigen, or allergen), the general feature is subtler and less visible, and essentially consists of alloimmunization or febrile non-hemolytic transfusion reaction...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959918/the-presence-persistence-and-functional-properties-of-plasmodium-vivax-duffy-binding-protein-ii-antibodies-are-influenced-by-hla-class-ii-allelic-variants
#17
Flora S Kano, Flávia A Souza-Silva, Leticia M Torres, Barbara A S Lima, Taís N Sousa, Jéssica R S Alves, Roberto S Rocha, Cor J F Fontes, Bruno A M Sanchez, John H Adams, Cristiana F A Brito, Douglas E V Pires, David B Ascher, Ana Maria Sell, Luzia H Carvalho
BACKGROUND: The human malaria parasite Plasmodium vivax infects red blood cells through a key pathway that requires interaction between Duffy binding protein II (DBPII) and its receptor on reticulocytes, the Duffy antigen/receptor for chemokines (DARC). A high proportion of P. vivax-exposed individuals fail to develop antibodies that inhibit DBPII-DARC interaction, and genetic factors that modulate this humoral immune response are poorly characterized. Here, we investigate if DBPII responsiveness could be HLA class II-linked...
December 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913548/warm-antibody-autoimmune-hemolytic-anemia
#18
Theodosia A Kalfa
Autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) is a rare and heterogeneous disease that affects 1 to 3/100 000 patients per year. AIHA caused by warm autoantibodies (w-AIHA), ie, antibodies that react with their antigens on the red blood cell optimally at 37°C, is the most common type, comprising ∼70% to 80% of all adult cases and ∼50% of pediatric cases. About half of the w-AIHA cases are called primary because no specific etiology can be found, whereas the rest are secondary to other recognizable underlying disorders...
December 2, 2016: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913516/immunoregulatory-networks-in-sickle-cell-alloimmunization
#19
Karina Yazdanbakhsh
Red blood cell (RBC) transfusions are critical for treatment and prevention of complications of sickle cell disease (SCD), and most SCD patients will receive 1 or more transfusions by age 20. However, SCD alloimmunization remains a serious complication of transfusions that can lead to life-threatening acute and delayed transfusion reactions. Alloimmunization rates are higher in SCD patients most likely due to RBC antigenic differences between largely white donors vs mainly African-American recipients and frequency of transfusions...
December 2, 2016: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913515/cellular-immune-responses-in-red-blood-cell-alloimmunization
#20
James C Zimring, Krystalyn E Hudson
In excess of 340 blood group antigens have now been described that vary between individuals. Thus, any unit of blood that is nonautologous represents a significant dose of alloantigen. Most blood group antigens are proteins, which differ by a single amino acid between donors and recipients. Approximately 1 out of every 70 individuals are transfused each year (in the United States alone), which leads to antibody responses to red blood cell (RBC) alloantigens in some transfusion recipients. When alloantibodies are formed, in many cases, RBCs expressing the antigen in question can no longer be safely transfused...
December 2, 2016: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
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