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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776528/the-effect-of-a-gearshift-interlock-on-seat-belt-use-by-drivers-who-do-not-always-use-a-belt-and-its-acceptance-among-those-who-do
#1
David G Kidd, Jeremiah Singer, Richard Huey, Laura Kerfoot
INTRODUCTION: Seat belts reduce the risk of fatal injury in a crash, yet in 2015, nearly 10,000 people killed in passenger vehicles were unrestrained. Enhanced seat belt reminders increase belt use, but a gearshift interlock that prevents the vehicle from being placed into gear unless the seat belt is used may prove more effective. METHOD: Thirty-two people with a recent seat belt citation and who admitted to not always using a seat belt as a driver were recruited as part-time belt users and asked to evaluate two new vehicles...
June 2018: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756044/gender-dysphoria-in-adults-an-overview-and-primer-for-psychiatrists
#2
William Byne, Dan H Karasic, Eli Coleman, A Evan Eyler, Jeremy D Kidd, Heino F L Meyer-Bahlburg, Richard R Pleak, Jack Pula
Regardless of their area of specialization, adult psychiatrists are likely to encounter gender-variant patients; however, medical school curricula and psychiatric residency training programs devote little attention to their care. This article aims to assist adult psychiatrists who are not gender specialists in the delivery of respectful, clinically competent, and culturally attuned care to gender-variant patients, including those who identify as transgender or transsexual or meet criteria for the diagnosis of Gender Dysphoria (GD) as defined by The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition)...
2018: Transgender Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747566/analysis-of-the-canid-y-chromosome-phylogeny-using-short-read-sequencing-data-reveals-the-presence-of-distinct-haplogroups-among-neolithic-european-dogs
#3
Matthew T Oetjens, Axel Martin, Krishna R Veeramah, Jeffrey M Kidd
BACKGROUND: Most genetic analyses of ancient and modern dogs have focused on variation in the autosomes or on the mitochondria. Mitochondrial DNA is more easily obtained from ancient samples than nuclear DNA and mitochondrial analyses have revealed important insights into the evolutionary history of canids. Utilizing a recently published dog Y-chromosome reference, we analyzed Y-chromosome sequence across a diverse collection of canids and determined the Y haplogroup of three ancient European dogs...
May 10, 2018: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741661/improving-the-hepatitis-cascade-assessing-hepatitis-testing-and-its-management-in-primary-health-care-in-china
#4
William C W Wong, Ying-Ru Lo, Sunfang Jiang, Minghui Peng, Shanzhu Zhu, Michael R Kidd, Xia-Chun Wang, Po-Lin Chan, Jason J Ong
Objective: The study aimed to decentralize hepatitis testing and management services to primary care in China. Methods: A nationwide representative provider survey amongst community health centres (CHCs) using randomized stratified sampling methods was conducted between September and December 2015. One hundred and eighty CHCs and frontline primary care practitioners from 20 cities across three administrative regions of Western, Central and Eastern China were invited to participate...
May 8, 2018: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739879/chemical-synapses-without-synaptic-vesicles-purinergic-neurotransmission-through-a-calhm1-channel-mitochondrial-signaling-complex
#5
Roman A Romanov, Robert S Lasher, Brigit High, Logan E Savidge, Adam Lawson, Olga A Rogachevskaja, Haitian Zhao, Vadim V Rogachevsky, Marina F Bystrova, Gleb D Churbanov, Igor Adameyko, Tibor Harkany, Ruibiao Yang, Grahame J Kidd, Philippe Marambaud, John C Kinnamon, Stanislav S Kolesnikov, Thomas E Finger
Conventional chemical synapses in the nervous system involve a presynaptic accumulation of neurotransmitter-containing vesicles, which fuse with the plasma membrane to release neurotransmitters that activate postsynaptic receptors. In taste buds, type II receptor cells do not have conventional synaptic features but nonetheless show regulated release of their afferent neurotransmitter, ATP, through a large-pore, voltage-gated channel, CALHM1. Immunohistochemistry revealed that CALHM1 was localized to points of contact between the receptor cells and sensory nerve fibers...
May 8, 2018: Science Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733900/radiological-and-clinical-outcome-of-selective-thoracic-fusion-stf-for-lenke-1c-and-2c-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-ais-patients-with-a-minimum-follow-up-of-2-years
#6
Mun Keong Kwan, Chee Kidd Chiu, Pheng Hian Tan, Xue Han Chian, Xin Yi Ler, Yun Hui Ng, Sherwin Johan Ng, Saw Huan Goh, Chris Yin Wei Chan
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: In Lenke 1C and 2C curves, the choice between selective thoracic fusion (STF) versus non-selective thoracic fusion (NSTF) as the optimal surgical treatment is controversial. OBJECTIVE: To assess the radiological and clinical outcome of patients with Lenke 1C/2C curves treated with STF. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study PATIENT SAMPLE: 44 METHODS: 44 Lenke 1C/2C AIS patients curves who underwent STF were reviewed. Radiological parameters and SRS-22r scores were assessed preoperatively, postoperatively and on final follow-up...
May 4, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723049/improving-the-growth-of-ni-hyperaccumulating-plants-in-serpentine-quarry-tailings
#7
Zahra Ghasemi, Seyed Majid Ghaderian, Carmela Monterroso, Petra S Kidd
Phytomining techniques based on metal-hyperaccumulating plants can be implemented in serpentine quarry wastes for Ni recovery. However, strategies must be developed to overcome the unfavourable plant growth conditions that these substrates present and to optimize Ni yields. In this study, the Ni hyperaccumulators Alyssum serpyllifolium, Alyssum inflatum, and Alyssum bracteatum were evaluated for their Ni phytoextraction efficiency from quarry tailings. Effects of two organic amendments, composted municipal sewage sludge and cow manure, on plant growth and physiological status and Ni removal were determined...
June 7, 2018: International Journal of Phytoremediation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722596/cultural-health-literacy-the-experiences-of-m%C3%A4-ori-in-palliative-care
#8
Jacquie Kidd, Stella Black, Rawiri Blundell, Tamati Peni
Health literacy is a concept that is frequently applied to the patient's ability to find and comprehend health information. However, recent literature has included the skill of the health professional and the accessibility of health resources as important factors in the level of health literacy achieved by individuals and populations. In 2014 a qualitative study undertaken in Aotearoa New Zealand, investigated the context of health literacy for Māori in a palliative care setting (Māori are the indigenous people of Aotearoa New Zealand)...
May 1, 2018: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722482/five-year-neurodevelopment-outcomes-of-perinatally-hiv-infected-children-on-early-limited-or-deferred-continuous-antiretroviral-therapy
#9
Barbara Laughton, Morna Cornell, Martin Kidd, Priscilla Estelle Springer, Els Françoise Marie-Thérèse Dobbels, Anita Janse Van Rensburg, Kennedy Otwombe, Abdel Babiker, Diana M Gibb, Avy Violari, Mariana Kruger, Mark Fredric Cotton
INTRODUCTION: Early antiretroviral therapy (ART) has improved neurodevelopmental outcomes of HIV-infected (HIV-positive) children; however, little is known about the longer term outcomes in infants commencing early ART or whether temporary ART interruption might have long-term consequences. In the children with HIV early antiretroviral treatment (CHER) trial, HIV-infected infants ≤12 weeks of age with CD4 ≥25% were randomized to deferred ART (ART-Def); immediate time-limited ART for 40 weeks (ART-40W) or 96 weeks (ART-96W)...
May 2018: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707862/the-development-of-fast-mapping-and-novel-word-retention-strategies-in-monolingual-and-bilingual-infants
#10
Marina Kalashnikova, Paola Escudero, Evan Kidd
The mutual exclusivity (ME) assumption is proposed to facilitate early word learning by guiding infants to map novel words to novel referents. This study assessed the emergence and use of ME to both disambiguate and retain the meanings of novel words across development in 18-month-old monolingual and bilingual children (Experiment 1; N = 58), and in a sub-group of these children again at 24 months of age (Experiment 2: N = 32). Both monolinguals and bilinguals employed ME to select the referent of a novel label to a similar extent at 18 and 24 months...
April 30, 2018: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704905/the-development-of-a-consensus-based-nutritional-pathway-for-infants-with-chd-before-surgery-using-a-modified-delphi-process
#11
Luise V Marino, Mark J Johnson, Nigel J Hall, Natalie J Davies, Catherine S Kidd, M Lowri Daniels, Julia E Robinson, Trevor Richens, Tara Bharucha, Anne-Sophie E Darlington
IntroductionDespite improvements in the medical and surgical management of infants with CHD, growth failure before surgery in many infants continues to be a significant concern. A nutritional pathway was developed, the aim of which was to provide a structured approach to nutritional care for infants with CHD awaiting surgery.Materials and methodsThe modified Delphi process was development of a nutritional pathway; initial stakeholder meeting to finalise draft guidelines and develop questions; round 1 anonymous online survey; round 2 online survey; regional cardiac conference and pathway revision; and final expert meeting and pathway finalisation...
April 29, 2018: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694188/search-for-neutrinoless-double-%C3%AE-decay-in-76-ge-with-the-majorana-demonstrator
#12
C E Aalseth, N Abgrall, E Aguayo, S I Alvis, M Amman, I J Arnquist, F T Avignone, H O Back, A S Barabash, P S Barbeau, C J Barton, P J Barton, F E Bertrand, T Bode, B Bos, M Boswell, A W Bradley, R L Brodzinski, V Brudanin, M Busch, M Buuck, A S Caldwell, T S Caldwell, Y-D Chan, C D Christofferson, P-H Chu, J I Collar, D C Combs, R J Cooper, C Cuesta, J A Detwiler, P J Doe, J A Dunmore, Yu Efremenko, H Ejiri, S R Elliott, J E Fast, P Finnerty, F M Fraenkle, Z Fu, B K Fujikawa, E Fuller, A Galindo-Uribarri, V M Gehman, T Gilliss, G K Giovanetti, J Goett, M P Green, J Gruszko, I S Guinn, V E Guiseppe, A L Hallin, C R Haufe, L Hehn, R Henning, E W Hoppe, T W Hossbach, M A Howe, B R Jasinski, R A Johnson, K J Keeter, J D Kephart, M F Kidd, A Knecht, S I Konovalov, R T Kouzes, B D LaFerriere, J Leon, K T Lesko, L E Leviner, J C Loach, A M Lopez, P N Luke, J MacMullin, S MacMullin, M G Marino, R D Martin, R Massarczyk, A B McDonald, D-M Mei, S J Meijer, J H Merriman, S Mertens, H S Miley, M L Miller, J Myslik, J L Orrell, C O'Shaughnessy, G Othman, N R Overman, G Perumpilly, W Pettus, D G Phillips, A W P Poon, K Pushkin, D C Radford, J Rager, J H Reeves, A L Reine, K Rielage, R G H Robertson, M C Ronquest, N W Ruof, A G Schubert, B Shanks, M Shirchenko, K J Snavely, N Snyder, D Steele, A M Suriano, D Tedeschi, W Tornow, J E Trimble, R L Varner, S Vasilyev, K Vetter, K Vorren, B R White, J F Wilkerson, C Wiseman, W Xu, E Yakushev, H Yaver, A R Young, C-H Yu, V Yumatov, I Zhitnikov, B X Zhu, S Zimmermann
The Majorana Collaboration is operating an array of high purity Ge detectors to search for neutrinoless double-β decay in ^{76}Ge. The Majorana Demonstrator comprises 44.1 kg of Ge detectors (29.7 kg enriched in ^{76}Ge) split between two modules contained in a low background shield at the Sanford Underground Research Facility in Lead, South Dakota. Here we present results from data taken during construction, commissioning, and the start of full operations. We achieve unprecedented energy resolution of 2...
March 30, 2018: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691335/novel-insights-into-staphylococcus-aureus-deep-bone-infections-the-involvement-of-osteocytes
#13
Dongqing Yang, Asiri R Wijenayaka, Lucian B Solomon, Stephen M Pederson, David M Findlay, Stephen P Kidd, Gerald J Atkins
Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a potentially devastating complication of orthopedic joint replacement surgery. PJI with associated osteomyelitis is particularly problematic and difficult to cure. Whether viable osteocytes, the predominant cell type in mineralized bone tissue, have a role in these infections is not clear, although their involvement might contribute to the difficulty in detecting and clearing PJI. Here, using Staphylococcus aureus , the most common pathogen in PJI, we demonstrate intracellular infection of human-osteocyte-like cells in vitro and S...
April 24, 2018: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691211/developing-a-third-party-analytics-application-using-australia-s-national-personal-health-records-system-case-study
#14
Niranjan Bidargaddi, Yasmin van Kasteren, Peter Musiat, Michael Kidd
BACKGROUND: My Health Record (MyHR) is Australia's national electronic health record (EHR) system. Poor usability and functionality have resulted in low utility, affecting enrollment and participation rates by both patients and clinicians alike. Similar to apps on mobile phone app stores, innovative third-party applications of MyHR platform data can enhance the usefulness of the platform, but there is a paucity of research into the processes involved in developing third-party applications that integrate and use data from EHR systems...
April 24, 2018: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682302/impact-of-an-educational-video-as-a-consent-tool-on-knowledge-about-cure-research-among-patients-and-caregivers-at-hiv-clinics-in-south-africa
#15
EDITORIAL
Melany Hendricks, Gonasagrie Nair, Ciara Staunton, Michael Pather, Nigel Garrett, Dianno Baadjies, Martin Kidd, Keymanthri Moodley
Background: Despite increasing access to antiretroviral therapy in low- and middle-income countries, only 54% of eligible individuals were receiving treatment in Africa by 2015. Recent developments in HIV cure research have been encouraging. However, the complex science and procedures of cure research render the informed consent process challenging. Objective: This study evaluates the impact of a video tool on educating participants about HIV cure. Methods: A questionnaire assessing the content of the video was administered to adults recruited from two clinics in South Africa...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Virus Eradication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664716/identification-of-carbapenem-resistant-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-in-selected-hospitals-of-the-gulf-cooperation-council-states-dominance-of-high-risk-clones-in-the-region
#16
Hosam M Zowawi, Melanie W Syrmis, Timothy J Kidd, Hanan H Balkhy, Timothy R Walsh, Sameera M Al Johani, Reem Y Al Jindan, Mubarak Alfaresi, Emad Ibrahim, Amina Al-Jardani, Jameela Al Salman, Ali A Dashti, Hanna E Sidjabat, Omar Baz, Ella Trembizki, David M Whiley, David L Paterson
PURPOSE: The molecular epidemiology and resistance mechanisms of carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (CRPA) were determined in hospitals in the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), namely, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Oman, Qatar, Bahrain and Kuwait. METHODOLOGY: Isolates were screened for common carbapenem-resistance genes by PCR. Relatedness between isolates was assessed using previously described genotyping methods: an informative-single nucleotide polymorphism MassARRAY iPLEX assay (iPLEX20SNP) and the enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus (ERIC)-PCR assay, with selected isolates being subjected to multilocus sequence typing (MLST)...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661815/why-strengthening-primary-health-care-is-essential-to-achieving-universal-health-coverage
#17
Chris van Weel, Michael R Kidd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 16, 2018: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653415/carotid-arteritis-causing-amaurosis-fugax-and-ischaemic-cerebrovascular-events-in-neurosarcoidosis
#18
D P Kidd, D J McCabe, T Wilhelm, M Galloway
OBJECTIVE: To present and review the vascular consequences of arteritis in neurosarcoidosis. PATIENT AND METHODS: neurosarcoidosis is typically an inflammatory disorder of the meninges surrounding the brain and spinal cord. Although inflammation of small and medium sized vessels is seen pathologically and vasculitis is occasionally described, a large intracerebral arteritis has not previously been reported. A few case reports exist, however, which describe the vascular consequences of large vessel compromise in the disorder...
March 22, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650985/publisher-correction-controlled-dynamic-screening-of-excitonic-complexes-in-2d-semiconductors
#19
Andrey R Klots, Benjamin Weintrub, Dhiraj Prasai, Daniel Kidd, Kalman Varga, Kirill A Velizhanin, Kirill I Bolotin
A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML and PDF versions of this paper. The error has been fixed in the paper.
April 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628134/sleep-disturbance-and-symptom-burden-in-sarcoidosis
#20
Bryan S Benn, Zoe Lehman, Sharon A Kidd, Christine Miaskowski, Bernie Y Sunwoo, Melissa Ho, Sara Sun, Joris Ramstein, Jeffrey M Gelfand, Laura L Koth
INTRODUCTION: Sarcoidosis is a systemic inflammatory disease associated with myriad symptoms, including fatigue. It can affect physiological processes like sleep, leading to poor sleep quality and excessive daytime sleepiness. We hypothesized that sarcoidosis patients would report more severe sleep disturbance than healthy controls and that relationships would be found with sleep disturbance and the severity of other symptoms. METHODS: We enrolled 84 sarcoidosis patients and 30 healthy controls and recorded demographic and clinical characteristics...
March 24, 2018: Respiratory Medicine
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