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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531917/assessing-phytotoxicity-of-trace-element-contaminated-soils-phytomanaged-with-gentle-remediation-options-at-ten-european-field-trials
#1
Celestino Quintela-Sabarís, Lilian Marchand, Petra S Kidd, Wolfgang Friesl-Hanl, Markus Puschenreiter, Jurate Kumpiene, Ingo Müller, Silke Neu, Jolien Janssen, Jaco Vangronsveld, Ioannis Dimitriou, Grzegorz Siebielec, Rafał Gałązka, Valérie Bert, Rolf Herzig, Andrew B Cundy, Nadège Oustrière, Aliaksandr Kolbas, William Galland, Michel Mench
Gentle remediation options (GRO), i.e. in situ stabilisation, (aided) phytoextraction and (aided) phytostabilisation, were implemented at ten European sites contaminated with trace elements (TE) from various anthropogenic sources: mining, atmospheric fallout, landfill leachates, wood preservatives, dredged-sediments, and dumped wastes. To assess the performance of the GRO options, topsoil was collected from each field trial, potted, and cultivated with lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) for 48days. Shoot dry weight (DW) yield, photosynthesis efficiency and major element and TE concentrations in the soil pore water and lettuce shoots were measured...
May 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530592/thermal-stability-of-the-functional-ingredients-glucosylated-benzophenones-and-xanthones-of-honeybush-cyclopia-genistoides-in-an-aqueous-model-solution
#2
Theresa Beelders, Dalene de Beer, Daneel Ferreira, Martin Kidd, Elizabeth Joubert
Thermal stability of the benzophenones, 3-β-d-glucopyranosyl-4-β-d-glucopyranosyloxyiriflophenone (1), 3-β-d-glucopyranosylmaclurin (2) and 3-β-d-glucopyranosyliriflophenone (3), and the xanthones, mangiferin (4) and isomangiferin (5), was assessed separately in an aqueous model solution (pH 5) to delineate their major degradation products and mechanism(s). Degradation followed first-order reaction kinetics and the temperature-dependence of the respective reaction rate constants complied with the Arrhenius equation...
October 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527220/quantitative-erythrocyte-omega-3-epa-plus-dha-levels-are-related-to-higher-regional-cerebral-blood-flow-on-brain-spect
#3
Daniel G Amen, William S Harris, Parris M Kidd, Somayeh Meysami, Cyrus A Raji
BACKGROUND: The interrelationships between omega-3 fatty acids status, brain perfusion, and cognition are not well understood. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if SPECT brain imaging of cerebral perfusion and cognition varies as a function of omega-3 fatty acid levels. METHODS: A random sample of 166 study participants was drawn from a psychiatric referral clinical for which erythrocyte quantification of omega-3 eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) plus docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) (the Omega-3 Index) was available...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510484/ethylene-signalling-is-important-for-isoflavonoid-mediated-resistance-to-rhizoctonia-solani-in-roots-of-medicago-truncatula
#4
Yao Liu, Samira Hassan, Brendan N Kidd, Gagan Garg, Ulrike Mathesius, Karam B Singh, Jonathan Anderson
The root-infecting necrotrophic fungal pathogen Rhizoctonia solani causes significant disease to all the world's major food crops. As a model for pathogenesis of legumes, we have examined the interaction of R. solani AG8 with Medicago truncatula. RNAseq analysis of the moderately resistant M. truncatula accession A17 and highly susceptible sickle (skl) mutant (defective in ethylene sensing) identified major early transcriptional reprogramming in A17. Responses specific to A17 included components of ethylene signalling, reactive oxygen species metabolism and consistent up-regulation of the isoflavonoid biosynthesis pathway...
May 16, 2017: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507096/back-to-the-future-in-alberta
#5
Monica Kidd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499739/diatom-communities-on-commercial-biocidal-fouling-control-coatings-after-one-year-of-immersion-in-the-marine-environment
#6
Thirumahal Muthukrishnan, Sergey Dobretsov, Mario De Stefano, Raeid M M Abed, Barry Kidd, Alistair A Finnie
Little is known about the effect of commercial biocidal fouling control coatings on fouling diatom communities and their growth forms after long periods of exposure in the marine tropical environment. The current study investigated the abundance and composition of fouling diatom communities developed on 11 commercially available biocidal antifouling coatings, covering the three main technology types in recent historic use (Self-Polishing Copolymers, Self-Polishing Hybrid and Controlled Depletion Polymers) after one year of static immersion at two locations in Muscat, Oman (Marina Shangri La and Marina Bandar Rowdha)...
May 4, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483889/bridging-the-gaps-between-patients-and-primary-care-in-china-a-nationwide-representative-survey
#7
William C W Wong, Sunfang Jiang, Jason J Ong, Minghui Peng, Eric Wan, Shanzhu Zhu, Cindy L K Lam, Michael R Kidd, Martin Roland
PURPOSE: China introduced a national policy of developing primary care in 2009, establishing 8,669 community health centers (CHCs) by 2014 that employed more than 300,000 staff. These facilities have been underused, however, because of public mistrust of physicians and overreliance on specialist care. METHODS: We selected a stratified random sample of CHCs throughout China based on geographic distribution and urban-suburban ratios between September and December 2015...
May 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474933/new-limits-on-bosonic-dark-matter-solar-axions-pauli-exclusion-principle-violation-and-electron-decay-from-the-majorana-demonstrator
#8
N Abgrall, I J Arnquist, F T Avignone, A S Barabash, F E Bertrand, A W Bradley, V Brudanin, M Busch, M Buuck, T S Caldwell, Y-D Chan, C D Christofferson, P-H Chu, C Cuesta, J A Detwiler, C Dunagan, Yu Efremenko, H Ejiri, S R Elliott, T Gilliss, G K Giovanetti, J Goett, M P Green, J Gruszko, I S Guinn, V E Guiseppe, C R S Haufe, R Henning, E W Hoppe, S Howard, M A Howe, B R Jasinski, K J Keeter, M F Kidd, S I Konovalov, R T Kouzes, A M Lopez, J MacMullin, R D Martin, R Massarczyk, S J Meijer, S Mertens, C O'Shaughnessy, A W P Poon, D C Radford, J Rager, A L Reine, K Rielage, R G H Robertson, B Shanks, M Shirchenko, A M Suriano, D Tedeschi, J E Trimble, R L Varner, S Vasilyev, K Vetter, K Vorren, B R White, J F Wilkerson, C Wiseman, W Xu, E Yakushev, C-H Yu, V Yumatov, I Zhitnikov, B X Zhu
We present new limits on exotic keV-scale physics based on 478 kg d of Majorana Demonstrator commissioning data. Constraints at the 90% confidence level are derived on bosonic dark matter (DM) and solar axion couplings, Pauli exclusion principle violating (PEPV) decay, and electron decay using monoenergetic peak signal limits above our background. Our most stringent DM constraints are set for 11.8 keV mass particles, limiting g_{Ae}<4.5×10^{-13} for pseudoscalars and (α^{'}/α)<9.7×10^{-28} for vectors...
April 21, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454863/distracting-behaviors-among-teenagers-and-young-middle-aged-and-older-adult-drivers-when-driving-without-and-with-warnings-from-an-integrated-vehicle-safety-system
#9
David G Kidd, Mary Lynn Buonarosa
INTRODUCTION: Negative reinforcement from crash warnings may reduce the likelihood that drivers engage in distracted driving. Alternatively, drivers may compensate for the perceived safety benefit of crash warnings by engaging in distractions more frequently, especially at higher speeds. The purpose of this study was to examine whether warning feedback from an integrated vehicle-based safety system affected the likelihood that various secondary behaviors were present among drivers ages 16-17, 20-30, 40-50, and 60-70...
June 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450582/intersection-of-diverse-neuronal-genomes-and-neuropsychiatric-disease-the-brain-somatic-mosaicism-network
#10
REVIEW
Michael J McConnell, John V Moran, Alexej Abyzov, Schahram Akbarian, Taejeong Bae, Isidro Cortes-Ciriano, Jennifer A Erwin, Liana Fasching, Diane A Flasch, Donald Freed, Javier Ganz, Andrew E Jaffe, Kenneth Y Kwan, Minseok Kwon, Michael A Lodato, Ryan E Mills, Apua C M Paquola, Rachel E Rodin, Chaggai Rosenbluh, Nenad Sestan, Maxwell A Sherman, Joo Heon Shin, Saera Song, Richard E Straub, Jeremy Thorpe, Daniel R Weinberger, Alexander E Urban, Bo Zhou, Fred H Gage, Thomas Lehner, Geetha Senthil, Christopher A Walsh, Andrew Chess, Eric Courchesne, Joseph G Gleeson, Jeffrey M Kidd, Peter J Park, Jonathan Pevsner, Flora M Vaccarino
Neuropsychiatric disorders have a complex genetic architecture. Human genetic population-based studies have identified numerous heritable sequence and structural genomic variants associated with susceptibility to neuropsychiatric disease. However, these germline variants do not fully account for disease risk. During brain development, progenitor cells undergo billions of cell divisions to generate the ~80 billion neurons in the brain. The failure to accurately repair DNA damage arising during replication, transcription, and cellular metabolism amid this dramatic cellular expansion can lead to somatic mutations...
April 28, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441405/mediator18-and-mediator20-confer-susceptibility-to-fusarium-oxysporum-in-arabidopsis-thaliana
#11
Thorya Fallath, Brendan N Kidd, Jiri Stiller, Celine Davoine, Stefan Björklund, John M Manners, Kemal Kazan, Peer M Schenk
The conserved protein complex known as Mediator conveys transcriptional signals by acting as an intermediary between transcription factors and RNA polymerase II. As a result, Mediator subunits play multiple roles in regulating developmental as well as abiotic and biotic stress pathways. In this report we identify the head domain subunits MEDIATOR18 and MEDIATOR20 as important susceptibility factors for Fusarium oxysporum infection in Arabidopsis thaliana. Mutants of MED18 and MED20 display down-regulation of genes associated with jasmonate signaling and biosynthesis while up-regulation of salicylic acid associated pathogenesis related genes and reactive oxygen producing and scavenging genes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441311/feasibility-and-outcome-of-an-accelerated-recovery-protocol-in-asian-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-patients
#12
Chris Yin Wei Chan, Shweh Fern Loo, Jun Yin Ong, Kulathunga Arachchige Lisitha, M Shahnaz Hasan, Chee Kean Lee, Chee Kidd Chiu, Mun Keong Kwan
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study OBJECTIVE.: To determine the feasibility of an accelerated recovery protocol for Asian Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) patients undergoing posterior spinal fusion (PSF). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There has been successful implementation of an accelerated recovery protocol for AIS patients undergoing PSF in the western population. No similar studies have been reported in the Asian population. METHODS: 74 AIS (65F, 9 M) patients scheduled for PSF surgery were recruited...
April 24, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438964/grace-in-impossible-places
#13
Monica Kidd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438419/importance-of-extended-blood-group-genotyping-in-multiply-transfused-patients
#14
Nadila Haryani Osman, Jameela Sathar, Chooi Fun Leong, Noor Fadzilah Zulkifli, Raja Zahratul Azma Raja Sabudin, Ainoon Othman, Asral Wirda Ahmad Asnawi
Blood group antigen systems are not limited to the ABO blood groups. There is increasing interest in the detection of extended blood group systems on the red cell surface. The conventional method used to determine extended blood group antigens or red cell phenotype is by serological testing, which is based on the detection of visible haemagglutination or the presence of haemolysis. However, this technique has many limitations due to recent exposure to donor red cell, certain drugs or medications or other diseases that may alter the red cell membrane...
April 9, 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431149/next-generation-non-starch-polysaccharide-degrading-multi-carbohydrase-complex-rich-in-xylanase-and-arabinofuranosidase-to-enhance-broiler-feed-digestibility
#15
Pierre Cozannet, Michael T Kidd, Roberto Montanhini Neto, Pierre-André Geraert
This study was carried out to evaluate the effect of a multi-carbohydrase complex ( ) rich in xylanase ( ) and arabinofuranosidase ( ) on overall broiler feed digestibility in broilers. Energy utilization and digestibility of dry matter ( ), organic matter ( ), protein, starch, fat, and insoluble and soluble fibers were measured using the mass-balance method. The experiment was carried out on 120 broilers (3-week-old chickens). Broilers were distributed over 8 treatments to evaluate the effect of the dietary arabinoxylan content and nutrient density with and without MCC (Rovabio® Advance)...
April 20, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426361/sociodemographic-and-substance-use-disorder-determinants-of-hiv-sexual-risk-behavior-in-men-and-women-in-outpatient-drug-treatment-in-the-nida-national-drug-abuse-treatment-clinical-trials-network
#16
Jeremy D Kidd, Susan Tross, Martina Pavlicova, Mei-Chen Hu, Aimee N C Campbell, Edward V Nunes
BACKGROUND: Sexual risk behavior is now the primary vector of HIV transmission among substance users in the United States with gender as a crucial moderator of risk behavior. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine gender differences in factors (age, race/ethnicity, education) that predict main-partner unprotected sexual occasions (USO) using the unique platform of two parallel NIDA National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network gender-specific safer sex intervention trials...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415587/detection-of-a-combination-of-serum-igg-and-iga-antibodies-against-selected-mycobacterial-targets-provides-promising-diagnostic-signatures-for-active-tb
#17
Dolapo O Awoniyi, Ralf Baumann, Novel N Chegou, Belinda Kriel, Ruschca Jacobs, Martin Kidd, Andre G Loxton, Susanne Kaempfer, Mahavir Singh, Gerhard Walzl
Immunoglobulin G (IgG) based tests for the diagnosis of active tuberculosis (TB) disease often show a lack of specificity in TB endemic regions, which is mainly due to a high background prevalence of LTBI. Here, we investigated the combined performance of the responses of different Ig classes to selected mycobacterial antigens in primary healthcare clinic attendees with signs and symptoms suggestive of TB. The sensitivity and specificity of IgA, IgG and/or IgM to LAM and 7 mycobacterial protein antigens (ESAT-6, Tpx, PstS1, AlaDH, MPT64, 16kDa and 19kDa) and 2 antigen combinations (TUB, TB-LTBI) in the plasma of 63 individuals who underwent diagnostic work-up for TB after presenting with symptoms and signs compatible with possible active TB were evaluated...
March 21, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401476/robotic-buccal-ureteroplasty-a-review-of-the-current-literature
#18
REVIEW
Benjamin Waldorf, Ziho Lee, Laura Kidd, Joshua Kaplan, Andrew Harris, Michael Metro, Jeffrey Liu, Daniel Eun
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This study aimed to provide an overview of the literature on buccal mucosal ureteroplasty for ureteral stricture disease, with a specific focus on the application of the robotic platform to buccal ureteroplasty. RECENT FINDINGS: In our review, we highlight the results of Zhao et al. from the New York University School of Medicine Department of Urology, as well as our own results from Temple University Hospital. Zhao et al. published the first series of four patients who underwent robotic buccal ureteroplasty...
May 2017: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400962/epistemic-injustice-in-psychiatry
#19
EDITORIAL
Paul Crichton, Havi Carel, Ian James Kidd
It has been argued that those who suffer from medical conditions are more vulnerable to epistemic injustice (a harm done to a person in their capacity as an epistemic subject) than healthy people. This editorial claims that people with mental disorders are even more vulnerable to epistemic injustice than those with somatic illnesses. Two kinds of contributory factors are outlined, global and specific. Some suggestions are made to counteract the effects of these factors, for instance, we suggest that physicians should participate in groups where the subjective experience of patients is explored, and learn to become more aware of their own unconscious prejudices towards psychiatric patients...
April 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400528/within-host-evolution-of-burkholderia-pseudomallei-during-chronic-infection-of-seven-australasian-cystic-fibrosis-patients
#20
Linda T Viberg, Derek S Sarovich, Timothy J Kidd, James B Geake, Scott C Bell, Bart J Currie, Erin P Price
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disorder characterized by progressive lung function decline. CF patients are at an increased risk of respiratory infections, including those by the environmental bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei, the causative agent of melioidosis. Here, we compared the genomes of B. pseudomallei isolates collected between ~4 and 55 months apart from seven chronically infected CF patients. Overall, the B. pseudomallei strains showed evolutionary patterns similar to those of other chronic infections, including emergence of antibiotic resistance, genome reduction, and deleterious mutations in genes involved in virulence, metabolism, environmental survival, and cell wall components...
April 11, 2017: MBio
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