keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Kidd

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221090/no-support-for-the-claim-that-literary-fiction-uniquely-and-immediately-improves-theory-of-mind-a-reply-to-kidd-and-castano-s-commentary-on-panero-et-al-2016
#1
Maria Eugenia Panero, Deena Skolnick Weisberg, Jessica Black, Thalia R Goldstein, Jennifer L Barnes, Hiram Brownell, Ellen Winner
Kidd and Castano (in press) critique our failure to replicate Kidd and Castano (2013) on 3 grounds: failure to exclude people who did not read the texts, failure of random assignment, and failure to exclude people who did not take the Author Recognition Test (ART). This response addresses each of these critiques. Most importantly, we note that even when Kidd and Castano reanalyzed our data in the way that they argue is most appropriate, they still failed to replicate the pattern of results reported in their original study...
March 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221089/panero-et-al-2016-failure-to-replicate-methods-caused-the-failure-to-replicate-results
#2
David Comer Kidd, Emanuele Castano
Contrary to Kidd and Castano (2013), Panero et al. (2016) fail to find that reading literary fiction improves performance on an advanced test of theory of mind (ToM), the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test. However, this commentary shows that the findings presented in Panero et al. (2016) are not reliable due to two striking threats to the internal validity of their studies that were not clearly disclosed or discussed in the manuscript or supplementary materials. First, no effective strategy was implemented to ensure that participants read their assigned texts, and examination of the data revealed many participants whose reading times indicate that they were not exposed to the manipulation...
March 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204502/changing-epidemiology-of-candidaemia-in-australia
#3
Belinda Chapman, Monica Slavin, Debbie Marriott, Catriona Halliday, Sarah Kidd, Ian Arthur, Narin Bak, Christopher H Heath, Karina Kennedy, C Orla Morrissey, Tania C Sorrell, Sebastian van Hal, Caitlin Keighley, Emma Goeman, Neil Underwood, Krispin Hajkowicz, Ann Hofmeyr, Michael Leung, Nenad Macesic, Jeannie Botes, Christopher Blyth, Louise Cooley, C Robert George, Pankaja Kalukottege, Alison Kesson, Brendan McMullan, Robert Baird, Jennifer Robson, Tony M Korman, Stella Pendle, Kerry Weeks, Eunice Liu, Elaine Cheong, Sharon Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202493/a-klebsiella-pneumoniae-antibiotic-resistance-mechanism-that-subdues-host-defences-and-promotes-virulence
#4
Timothy J Kidd, Grant Mills, Joana Sá-Pessoa, Amy Dumigan, Christian G Frank, José L Insua, Rebecca Ingram, Laura Hobley, José A Bengoechea
Klebsiella pneumoniae is an important cause of multidrug-resistant infections worldwide. Recent studies highlight the emergence of multidrug-resistant K. pneumoniae strains which show resistance to colistin, a last-line antibiotic, arising from mutational inactivation of the mgrB regulatory gene. However, the precise molecular resistance mechanisms of mgrB-associated colistin resistance and its impact on virulence remain unclear. Here, we constructed an mgrB gene K. pneumoniae mutant and performed characterisation of its lipid A structure, polymyxin and antimicrobial peptide resistance, virulence and inflammatory responses upon infection...
February 15, 2017: EMBO Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28200013/systematic-analyses-of-drugs-and-disease-indications-in-repurposedb-reveal-pharmacological-biological-and-epidemiological-factors-influencing-drug-repositioning
#5
Khader Shameer, Benjamin S Glicksberg, Rachel Hodos, Kipp W Johnson, Marcus A Badgeley, Ben Readhead, Max S Tomlinson, Timothy O'Connor, Riccardo Miotto, Brian A Kidd, Rong Chen, Avi Ma'ayan, Joel T Dudley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Briefings in Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197769/confounding-effects-of-microbiome-on-the-susceptibility-of-tnfsf15-to-crohn-s-disease-in-the-ryukyu-islands
#6
Shigeki Nakagome, Hiroshi Chinen, Atsushi Iraha, Akira Hokama, Yasuaki Takeyama, Shotaro Sakisaka, Toshiyuki Matsui, Judith R Kidd, Kenneth K Kidd, Heba S Said, Wataru Suda, Hidetoshi Morita, Masahira Hattori, Tsunehiko Hanihara, Ryosuke Kimura, Hajime Ishida, Jiro Fujita, Fukunori Kinjo, Shuhei Mano, Hiroki Oota
Crohn's disease (CD) involves chronic inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract due to dysregulation of the host immune response to the gut microbiome. Even though the host-microbiome interactions are likely contributors to the development of CD, a few studies have detected genetic variants that change bacterial compositions and increase CD risk. We focus on one of the well-replicated susceptible genes, tumor necrosis factor superfamily member 15 (TNFSF15), and apply statistical analyses for personal profiles of genotypes and salivary microbiota collected from CD cases and controls in the Ryukyu Islands, southernmost islands of the Japanese archipelago...
February 14, 2017: Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194599/common-factors-in-community-mental-health-intervention-a-scoping-review
#7
Sean A Kidd, Larry Davidson, Kwame McKenzie
While there is considerable research and commentary devoted to common factors in psychotherapy, their implications for community mental health interventions are much less clear. In response, a scoping review was conducted to answer the question, 'What is the evidence base for common factors in community mental health intervention?' A comprehensive search of MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Google Scholar was completed. A total of 60 publications were identified in this review with a focus primarily upon therapeutic alliance...
February 13, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192238/molecular-networks-related-to-the-immune-system-and-mitochondria-are-targets-for-the-pesticide-dieldrin-in-the-zebrafish-danio-rerio-central-nervous-system
#8
Andrew M Cowie, Kathleena I Sarty, Angella Mercer, Jin Koh, Karen A Kidd, Christopher J Martyniuk
: The objectives of this study were to determine the behavioral and molecular responses in the adult zebrafish (Danio rerio) central nervous system (CNS) following a dietary exposure to the pesticide dieldrin. Zebrafish were fed pellets spiked with 0.03, 0.15, or 1.8μg/g dieldrin for 21days. Behavioral analysis revealed no difference in exploratory behaviors or those related to anxiety. Transcriptional networks for T-cell aggregation and selection were decreased in expression suggesting an immunosuppressive effect of dieldrin, consistent with other studies investigating organochlorine pesticides...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191691/bace1-regulates-the-proliferation-and-cellular-functions-of-schwann-cells
#9
Xiangyou Hu, Hailong Hou, Chinthasagar Bastian, Wanxia He, Shupeng Qiu, Yingying Ge, Xinhua Yin, Grahame J Kidd, Sylvain Brunet, Bruce D Trapp, Selva Baltan, Riqiang Yan
BACE1 is an indispensable enzyme for generating β-amyloid peptides, which are excessively accumulated in brains of Alzheimer's patients. However, BACE1 is also required for proper myelination of peripheral nerves, as BACE1-null mice display hypomyelination. To determine the precise effects of BACE1 on myelination, here we have uncovered a role of BACE1 in the control of Schwann cell proliferation during development. We demonstrate that BACE1 regulates the cleavage of Jagged-1 and Delta-1, two membrane-bound ligands of Notch...
February 13, 2017: Glia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158442/automated-cell-type-discovery-and-classification-through-knowledge-transfer
#10
Hao-Chih Lee, Roman Kosoy, Christine E Becker, Joel T Dudley, Brian A Kidd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151960/d-amino-acids-reduce-enterococcus-faecalis-biofilms-in-vitro-and-in-the-presence-of-antimicrobials-used-for-root-canal-treatment
#11
Peter S Zilm, Victor Butnejski, Giampiero Rossi-Fedele, Stephen P Kidd, Suzanne Edwards, Krasimir Vasilev
Enterococcus faecalis is the most frequent species present in post-treatment disease and plays a significant role in persistent periapical infections following root canal treatment. Its ability to persist in stressful environments is inter alia, due to its ability to form biofilms. The presence of certain D-amino acids (DAAs) has previously been shown to reduce formation of Bacillus subtilis biofilms. The aims of this investigation were to determine if DAAs disrupt biofilms in early and late growth stages for clinical E...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147587/use-of-a-glimpsing-model-to-understand-the-performance-of-listeners-with-and-without-hearing-loss-in-spatialized-speech-mixtures
#12
Virginia Best, Christine R Mason, Jayaganesh Swaminathan, Elin Roverud, Gerald Kidd
In many situations, listeners with sensorineural hearing loss demonstrate reduced spatial release from masking compared to listeners with normal hearing. This deficit is particularly evident in the "symmetric masker" paradigm in which competing talkers are located to either side of a central target talker. However, there is some evidence that reduced target audibility (rather than a spatial deficit per se) under conditions of spatial separation may contribute to the observed deficit. In this study a simple "glimpsing" model (applied separately to each ear) was used to isolate the target information that is potentially available in binaural speech mixtures...
January 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135145/cancer-susceptibility-gene-mutations-in-individuals-with-colorectal-cancer
#13
Matthew B Yurgelun, Matthew H Kulke, Charles S Fuchs, Brian A Allen, Hajime Uno, Jason L Hornick, Chinedu I Ukaegbu, Lauren K Brais, Philip G McNamara, Robert J Mayer, Deborah Schrag, Jeffrey A Meyerhardt, Kimmie Ng, John Kidd, Nanda Singh, Anne-Renee Hartman, Richard J Wenstrup, Sapna Syngal
Purpose Hereditary factors play an important role in colorectal cancer (CRC) risk, yet the prevalence of germline cancer susceptibility gene mutations in patients with CRC unselected for high-risk features (eg, early age at diagnosis, personal/family history of cancer or polyps, tumor microsatellite instability [MSI], mismatch repair [MMR] deficiency) is unknown. Patients and Methods We recruited 1,058 participants who received CRC care in a clinic-based setting without preselection for age at diagnosis, personal/family history, or MSI/MMR results...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133655/kinetics-mechanisms-and-ionic-liquids-in-the-uptake-of-n-butylamine-onto-low-molecular-weight-dicarboxylic-acids
#14
Michelle C Fairhurst, Michael J Ezell, Carla Kidd, Pascale S J Lakey, Manabu Shiraiwa, Barbara J Finlayson-Pitts
Atmospheric particles adversely affect visibility, health, and climate, yet the kinetics and mechanisms of particle formation and growth are poorly understood. Multiphase reactions between amines and dicarboxylic acids (diacids) have been suggested to contribute. In this study, the reactions of n-butylamine (BA) with solid C3-C8 diacids were studied at 296 ± 1 K using a Knudsen cell interfaced to a quadrupole mass spectrometer. Uptake coefficients for amines on the diacids with known geometric surface areas were measured at initial amine concentrations from (3-50) × 10(11) cm(-3)...
January 30, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130326/engineering-the-expression-of-an-anti-interleukin-13-antibody-through-rational-design-and-mutagenesis
#15
Bojana Popovic, Suzanne Gibson, Tarik Senussi, Sara Carmen, Sara Kidd, Tim Slidel, Ian Strickland, Xu Jianqing, Jennifer Spooner, Amanda Lewis, Nathan Hudson, Lorna Mackenzie, Jennifer Keen, Ben Kemp, Colin Hardman, Diane Hatton, Trevor Wilkinson, Tristan Vaughan, David Lowe
High levels of protein expression are key to the successful development and manufacture of a therapeutic antibody. Here, we describe two related antibodies, Ab001 and Ab008, where Ab001 shows a markedly lower level of expression relative to Ab008 when stably expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells. We use single-gene expression vectors and structural analysis to show that the reduced titer is associated with the VL CDR2 of Ab001. We adopted two approaches to improve the expression of Ab001. First, we used mutagenesis to change single amino-acid residues in the Ab001 VL back to the equivalent Ab008 residues but this resulted in limited improvements in expression...
January 26, 2017: Protein Engineering, Design & Selection: PEDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130002/neurological-soft-signs-in-first-episode-schizophrenia-state-and-trait-related-relationships-to-psychopathology-cognition-and-antipsychotic-medication-effects
#16
Robin Emsley, Bonginkosi Chiliza, Laila Asmal, Sanja Kilian, M Riaan Olivier, Lebogang Phahladira, Akinsola Ojagbemi, Freda Scheffler, Jonathan Carr, Martin Kidd, Paola Dazzan
BACKGROUND: Neurological soft signs (NSS) are proposed to represent both state- and trait-related features of schizophrenia. METHOD: We assessed the course of NSS with the Neurological Evaluation Scale (NES) over 12months of standardised treatment in 126 patients with first-episode schizophrenia, schizophreniform or schizoaffective disorder, and evaluated their state- and trait-related associations with psychopathology, functionality, cognition and antipsychotic treatment...
January 24, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129359/high-throughput-characterization-of-blood-serum-proteomics-of-ibd-patients-with-respect-to-aging-and-genetic-factors
#17
Antonio F Di Narzo, Shannon E Telesco, Carrie Brodmerkel, Carmen Argmann, Lauren A Peters, Katherine Li, Brian Kidd, Joel Dudley, Judy Cho, Eric E Schadt, Andrew Kasarskis, Radu Dobrin, Ke Hao
To date, no large scale, systematic description of the blood serum proteome has been performed in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients. By using microarray technology, a more complete description of the blood proteome of IBD patients is feasible. It may help to achieve a better understanding of the disease. We analyzed blood serum profiles of 1128 proteins in IBD patients of European descent (84 Crohn's Disease (CD) subjects and 88 Ulcerative Colitis (UC) subjects) as well as 15 healthy control subjects, and linked protein variability to patient age (all cohorts) and genetic components (genotype data generated from CD patients)...
January 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120224/evaluating-phytoextraction-efficiency-of-two-high-biomass-crops-after-soil-amendment-and-inoculation-with-rhizobacterial-strains
#18
Álvarez-López Vanessa, Prieto-Fernández Ángeles, Roiloa Sergio, Rodríguez-Garrido Beatriz, Herzig Rolf, Puschenreiter Markus, Kidd Petra Susan
We evaluated the effect of compost amendment and/or bacterial inoculants on the growth and metal accumulation of Salix caprea (clone BOKU 01 AT-004) and Nicotiana tabacum (in vitro-bred clone NBCu10-8). Soil was collected from an abandoned Pb/Zn mine and rhizobacterial inoculants were previously isolated from plants growing at the same site. Plants were grown in untreated or compost-amended (5% w/w) soil and were inoculated with five rhizobacterial strains. Non-inoculated plants were also established as a control...
January 24, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107388/factors-moderating-the-relationship-between-childhood-trauma-and-premorbid-adjustment-in-first-episode-schizophrenia
#19
S Kilian, J K Burns, S Seedat, L Asmal, B Chiliza, S Du Plessis, M R Olivier, M Kidd, R Emsley
Childhood trauma is a recognised risk factor for schizophrenia. It has been proposed that childhood trauma interferes with normal neurodevelopment, thereby establishing a biological vulnerability to schizophrenia. Poor premorbid adjustment is frequently a precursor to schizophrenia, and may be a manifestation of neurodevelopmental compromise. We investigated the relationship between childhood trauma and premorbid adjustment in 77 patients with first-episode schizophrenia spectrum disorders. We also investigated possible mediating roles for other selected risk factors in the relationship...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104724/predicting-survival-of-patients-with-small-bowel-neuroendocrine-tumours-comparison-of-3-systems
#20
Ashley Kieran Clift, Omar Faiz, Rob Goldin, John Martin, Harpreet Wasan, Marc-Olaf Liedke, Erik Schloericke, Anna Malczewska, Guido Rindi, Mark Kidd, Irvin Modlin, Andrea Frilling
Neuroendocrine tumours (NET) are clinically challenging due to their unpredictable behaviour. Nomograms, grading and staging systems are predictive tools with multiple roles in clinical practice, including patient prognostication. The NET nomogram allocates scores for various clinicopathological parameters, calculating percentage estimates for 5- and 10-year disease-specific survival of patients with small bowel (SB) NET. We evaluated the clinical utility of three prognostic systems in 70 SB NET patients: the NET nomogram, the World Health Organisation (WHO)/European Neuroendocrine Tumour Society (ENETS) grading system and the American Joint Commission on Cancer (AJCC)/Union Internationale Contre le Cancer (UICC) TNM staging method...
January 19, 2017: Endocrine Connections
keyword
keyword
116366
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"