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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092246/-neonatal-hearing-screening-and-early-intervention-a-screening-program-to-evaluate-all-infants-to-identify-the-hearing-impaired
#1
Beatriz González-Jiménez, Efrén Delgado-Mendoza, Rafael Rojano-González, Florencia Valdez-Izaguirre, Pedro Gutiérrez-Aguilar, Félix Guillermo Márquez-Celedonio, Mario González-Santes
BACKGROUND: Neonatal Hearing Screening and Early Intervention (NHSEI) is a screening program to evaluate all infants and identify those with hearing impairment. The objective of this work was to determine the factors associated with hearing loss in NHSEI program. METHODS: Analytical cross-sectional study was performed. 234 infants were included in the NHSEI program, hearing was evaluated with transitory evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOE) at frequencies of 1.5 to 4...
January 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090228/evaluation-of-radiation-dose-received-by-premature-neonates-admitted-to-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#2
Mohmmadreza Aramesh, Kobra Aria Zanganeh, Masoud Dehdashtian, Arash Malekian, Jafar Fatahiasl
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the radiation dose received by premature neonates using diagnostic radiographies. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 116 premature neonates with gestational age from 25 to 37 weeks; with the diagnosis of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS) and tachypnea, they were admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) at Ahvaz Imam Khomeini Hospital in 2015. For assessing the dose received, the model GR-200 thermoluminescent dosimeter (TLD) was used...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079876/cardiac-output-decreases-and-systemic-vascular-resistance-increases-in-newborns-placed-in-the-left-lateral-position
#3
G Paviotti, S Todero, S Demarini
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to study the effect of short-term left-lateral position on cardiovascular parameters in hemodynamically stable newborns. STUDY DESIGN: Cardiac output (CO), stroke volume (SV), systemic vascular resistance index (SVRI) and heart rate (HR) were measured by electric velocimetry in hemodynamically stable newborns without respiratory support in the supine, left-lateral and back-to-supine positions, each kept for 10 min. RESULTS: Thirty-two newborns were enrolled, birth weight 2134 (1818 to 2460) g, gestational age 34...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079811/routine-application-of-lung-ultrasonography-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#4
Shui-Wen Chen, Wei Fu, Jing Liu, Yan Wang
The aim of this study was to study the features of lung ultrasonography (LUS) in lung disease and to evaluate the usefulness of LUS in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).All of 3405 neonates included in this study underwent an LUS examination. Diagnoses were based on medical history, clinical manifestation, laboratory examination, and signs on chest radiography (CR) and/or computed tomography (CT). A single expert physician performed all LUS examinations.There were 2658 cases (78.9%) with lung disease and 747 cases (21...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076969/the-successful-immediate-neonatal-transition-to-extrauterine-life
#5
Alexandra Michel, Nancy K Lowe
PURPOSE: To define and describe the processes underlying the successful neonatal transition to extrauterine life and methods to assess the transition. METHOD: Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Embase, Web of Science, and Google Scholar were searched using a combination of the key words neonate, neonatal, newborn, transition, respiratory OR pulmonary, cardiac, metabolic, pH, umbilical cord, and assessment. Articles in English and German were reviewed...
January 1, 2017: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063822/-hospital-discharge-criteria-for-very-low-birth-weight-newborns
#6
Isabel Benavente Fernández, María Dolores Sánchez Redondo, Jose Luis Leante Castellanos, Alejandro Pérez Muñuzuri, Segundo Rite Gracia, Cèsar W Ruiz Campillo, Ester Sanz López, Manuel Sánchez Luna
Hospital discharge criteria for the pre-term newborn are mainly based on physiological competences (thermoregulation, respiratory stability, and feeding skills), although family support and ability to care for the baby, as well as a well-planned discharge are also cornerstones to ensure a successful discharge. In this article, the Committee of Standards of the Spanish Society of Neonatology reviews the current hospital discharge criteria in order for it to be useful as a clinical guide in Spanish neonatal units...
January 4, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062945/responses-of-human-neonates-to-highly-diluted-odorants-from-sweat
#7
Helene M Loos, Sébastien Doucet, Fanny Védrines, Constanze Sharapa, Robert Soussignan, Karine Durand, Paul Sagot, Andrea Buettner, Benoist Schaal
Conjugated forms of odorants contributing to sweat odor occur not only in human sweat but also in amniotic fluid, colostrum, and milk. However, it is unclear whether the released odorants are detected and hedonically discriminated by human newborns. To investigate this issue, we administered highly diluted solutions of (R)/(S)-3-methyl-3-sulfanylhexan-1-ol (MSH), (R)/(S)-3-sulfanylhexan-1-ol (SH), (E)/(Z)-3-methylhex-2-enoic acid (3M2H), and (R)/(S)-3-hydroxy-3-methylhexanoic acid (HMHA) to 3-d-old infants while their respiratory rate and oro-facial movements were recorded...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Chemical Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062481/sex-specific-effects-of-sex-steroids-on-alveolar-epithelial-na-transport
#8
Melanie Haase, Mandy Laube, Ulrich H Thome
Alveolar fluid clearance mediates perinatal lung transition to air breathing in newborn infants, which is accomplished by epithelial Na+ channels (ENaC) and the Na,K-ATPase. Male sex represents a major risk factor for developing respiratory distress, especially in preterm infants. We previously showed that male sex is associated with reduced epithelial Na+ transport, possibly contributing to the sexual dimorphism in newborn respiratory distress. This study aimed to determine sex-specific effects of sex steroids on epithelial Na+ transport...
January 6, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061799/ralstonia-picketti-neonatal-sepsis-a-case-report
#9
Deepak Sharma, Pradeep Sharma, Priyanka Soni, Basudev Gupta
BACKGROUND: Ralstonia genus are gram negative bacillus and includes four bacteria namely Ralstonia picketti, Ralstonia Solanacearum, Ralstonia insidiosa and Ralstonia mannitolilytica. These are opportunistic pathogens and cause infections in immunocompromised host. The sources of infection are usually contaminated solutions and water. The majority of the reported cases are caused by R. picketti. It is very rare cause of neonatal sepsis with less than twenty cases reported in literature till date...
January 7, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056841/thymus-activity-measured-by-t-cell-receptor-excision-circles-in-patients-with-different-severities-of-respiratory-syncytial-virus-infection
#10
Kiran Aftab Gul, Tonje Sonerud, Hans O Fjærli, Britt Nakstad, Tore Gunnar Abrahamsen, Christopher S Inchley
BACKGROUND: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection is an important cause of hospitalization in previously healthy infants. Immunological mechanisms predisposing infants to severe disease are poorly understood. Early biomarkers for disease severity may assist clinical decisions. We investigated T-cell receptor excision circles (TREC), episomal DNA made during thymic T-cell receptor rearrangement, and a marker for thymus activity, both during disease and in neonatal screening cards as a risk factor for RSV disease severity...
January 5, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056166/nitric-oxide-for-respiratory-failure-in-infants-born-at-or-near-term
#11
REVIEW
Keith J Barrington, Neil Finer, Thomas Pennaforte, Gabriel Altit
BACKGROUND: Nitric oxide (NO) is a major endogenous regulator of vascular tone. Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) gas has been investigated as treatment for persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether treatment of hypoxaemic term and near-term newborn infants with iNO improves oxygenation and reduces rate of death and use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), or affects long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes. SEARCH METHODS: We used the standard search strategy of the Cochrane Neonatal Review Group to search the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; 2016, Issue 1), MEDLINE via PubMed (1966 to January 2016), Embase (1980 to January 2016) and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL; 1982 to January 2016)...
January 5, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052955/hypoxia-and-sterile-inflammation-in-cystic-fibrosis-airways-mechanisms-and-potential-therapies
#12
REVIEW
Samuel T Montgomery, Marcus A Mall, Anthony Kicic, Stephen M Stick
Cystic fibrosis is one of the most common autosomal recessive genetic diseases in Caucasian populations. Diagnosis via newborn screening and targeted nutritional and antibiotic therapy have improved outcomes, however respiratory failure remains the key cause of morbidity and mortality. Progressive respiratory disease in cystic fibrosis is characterised by chronic neutrophilic airway inflammation associated with structural airway damage leading to bronchiectasis and decreased lung function. Mucus obstruction is a characteristic early abnormality in the cystic fibrosis airway, associated with neutrophilic inflammation often in the absence of detectable infection...
January 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050683/effect-of-surfactant-therapy-using-orogastric-tube-for-tracheal-catheterization-in-preterm-newborns-with-respiratory-distress
#13
Rampal Singh Tomar, Ranjit Ghuliani, Dinesh Yadav
OBJECTIVE: To assess the outcome of a modified method of Minimally Invasive Surfactant Therapy (MIST) therapy where an orogastric tube was used for tracheal catherization to deliver surfactant in preterm newborns less than 34 wk of gestation with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). METHODS: A single centre, prospective observational study was conducted to enroll eligible inborn preterm neonates with gestation age more than 24 wk but less than 34 wk and suffering from RDS to receive surfactant using MIST...
January 3, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045472/inhaled-nitric-oxide-for-respiratory-failure-in-preterm-infants
#14
REVIEW
Keith J Barrington, Neil Finer, Thomas Pennaforte
BACKGROUND: Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) is effective in term infants with hypoxic respiratory failure. The pathophysiology of respiratory failure and the potential risks of iNO differ substantially in preterm infants, necessitating specific study in this population. OBJECTIVES: To determine effects of treatment with inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) on death, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) or other serious brain injury and on adverse long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm newborn infants with hypoxic respiratory failure...
January 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041993/efficient-breathing-at-neonatal-ages-a-sex-and-epo-dependent-issue
#15
REVIEW
Pablo Iturri, Aida Bairam, Jorge Soliz
During postnatal life, the respiratory control system undergoes intense development and is highly responsive to stimuli emerging from the environment. In fact, interruption of breathing prevents gas exchange and results in systemic hypoxia that, if prolonged, can lead to cardio-respiratory failure or sudden infant death. Moreover, in newborns and infants, respiratory disorders related to neural control dysfunction show significant sexual dimorphism with a higher prevalence in males. To this day, the therapeutic tools available to alleviate these respiratory disorders remain limited...
December 29, 2016: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041669/viral-respiratory-infections-in-preterm-infants-during-and-after-hospitalization
#16
Mary T Caserta, Hongmei Yang, Steven R Gill, Jeanne Holden-Wiltse, Gloria Pryhuber
OBJECTIVE: To determine the burden of viral respiratory infections in preterm infants both during and subsequent to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) hospitalization and to compare this with term infants living in the community. STUDY DESIGN: From March 2013 through March 2015, we enrolled 189 newborns (96 term and 93 preterm) into a prospective, longitudinal study obtaining nose/throat swabs within 7 days of birth, weekly while hospitalized and then monthly to 4 months after hospital discharge...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040456/exhaled-breath-condensate-analysis-from-intubated-newborns-by-nano-hplc-coupled-to-high-resolution-ms
#17
A S Kononikhin, N L Starodubtseva, V V Chagovets, A Y Ryndin, A A Burov, I A Popov, A E Bugrova, R A Dautov, A O Tokareva, Y L Podurovskaya, O V Ionov, V E Frankevich, E N Nikolaev, G T Sukhikh
Invasiveness of examination and therapy methods is a serious problem for intensive care and nursing of premature infants. Exhaled breath condensate (EBC) is the most attractive biofluid for non-invasive methods development in neonatology for monitoring the status of intubated infants. The aim of the study was to propose an approach for EBC sampling and analysis from mechanically ventilated neonates. EBC collection system with good reproducibility of sampling was demonstrated. Discovery-based proteomic and metabolomic studies were performed using nano-HPLC coupled to high resolution MS...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034729/neonatal-and-pediatric-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-in-developing-latin-american-countries
#18
Javier Kattan, Álvaro González, Andrés Castillo, Luiz Fernando Caneo
OBJECTIVE: To review the principles of neonatal-pediatric extracorporeal membrane oxygenation therapy, prognosis, and its establishment in limited resource-limited countries in Latino America. SOURCES: The PubMed database was explored from 1985 up to the present, selecting from highly-indexed and leading Latin American journals, and Extracorporeal Life Support Organization reports. SUMMARY OF THE FINDINGS: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation provides "time" for pulmonary and cardiac rest and for recovery...
December 26, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034711/ventilatory-and-chemoreceptor-responses-to-hypercapnia-in-neonatal-rats-chronically-exposed-to-moderate-hyperoxia
#19
Ryan W Bavis, Ke-Yong Li, Kathryn J DeAngelis, Ryan J March, Josefine A Wallace, Sarah Logan, Robert W Putnam
Rats reared in hyperoxia hypoventilate in normoxia and exhibit progressive blunting of the hypoxic ventilatory response, changes which are at least partially attributed to abnormal carotid body development. Since the carotid body also responds to changes in arterial CO2/pH, we tested the hypothesis that developmental hyperoxia would attenuate the hypercapnic ventilatory response (HCVR) of neonatal rats by blunting peripheral and/or central chemoreceptor responses to hypercapnic challenges. Rats were reared in 21% O2 (Control) or 60% O2 (Hyperoxia) until studied at 4, 6-7, or 13-14days of age...
December 26, 2016: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027184/piezosurgery-an-asset-in-treatment-of-pierre-robin-sequence
#20
Divya Singh, Pushkar Gadre, Kiran Gadre, Shandilya Ramanojam
Pierre Robin sequence (formerly a syndrome) is named after the French stomatologist who, in 1923 and 1934, described the problems associated with micrognathia in newborn. It comprises mandibular micrognathia, U-shaped cleft palate, and glossoptosis. The typical symptoms are hypoxaemia, noisy breathing, snoring, stridor, cyanosis, bradycardia, feeding difficulties, and failure to thrive. Distraction osteogenesis has recently been considered as a surgical option for early intervention to lengthen the mandible and relieve respiratory problems...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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