keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Respiratory AND newborn

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918382/conventional-versus-prolonged-infusion-of-meropenem-in-neonates-with-gram-negative-late-onset-sepsis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Abd Elazeez Shabaan, Islam Nour, Heba Elsayed Eldegla, Nehad Nasef, Basma Shouman, Hesham Abdel-Hady
BACKGROUND: Gram-negative bacteria are associated with significant morbidity and mortality in preterm and term newborns. Meropenem has widespread efficacy and often allows for monotherapy in this group. Prolonged infusion instead of infusion over 30 minutes has been suggested to result in higher microbiologic efficacy. OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical and microbiologic efficacy and safety of prolonged infusions versus conventional dosing of meropenem in neonates with Gram negative late onset sepsis (GN-LOS)...
November 30, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905971/trends-causes-and-risk-factors-of-mortality-among-children-under-5-in-ethiopia-1990-2013-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2013
#2
Amare Deribew, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Kebede Deribe, Yohannes Adama Melaku, Yihunie Lakew, Azmeraw T Amare, Semaw F Abera, Mesoud Mohammed, Abiy Hiruye, Efrem Teklay, Awoke Misganaw, Nicholas Kassebaum
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia has made remarkable progress in reducing child mortality over the last two decades. However, the under-5 mortality rate in Ethiopia is still higher than the under-5 mortality rates of several low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). On the other hand, the patterns and causes of child mortality have not been well investigated in Ethiopia. The objective of this study was to investigate the mortality trend, causes of death, and risk factors among children under 5 in Ethiopia during 1990-2013...
November 14, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900462/effects-of-a-trpv1-agonist-capsaicin-on-respiratory-rhythm-generation-in-brainstem-spinal-cord-preparation-from-newborn-rats
#3
Mariho Tani, Sayumi Kotani, Chikara Hayakawa, Shih-Tien Lin, Saki Irie, Keiko Ikeda, Kiyoshi Kawakami, Hiroshi Onimaru
The heat-sensitive transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) channels are expressed in the peripheral and central nervous systems. However, there is no report on how the activation of TRPV1 causes the modulation of neuronal activity in the medullary respiratory center. We examined effects of capsaicin, a specific agonist of TRPV1 channels, on respiratory rhythm generation in brainstem-spinal cord preparation from newborn rats. Capsaicin induced a biphasic response in the respiratory rhythm (a transient decrease followed by an increase in the C4 rate)...
November 29, 2016: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896875/disseminated-cobblestone-like-skin-lumps-in-a-newborn
#4
Z X Ren, H Q Jiang, L X Zhang, Q D Deng, J Y Zhang, X P Mu, J Yang
An newborn boy showed multiple skin lumps at birth. On examination, there were disseminated red cobblestone-like skin neoplasms, 5-30mm in diameter with hard serosanguineous crust, some were with scabs, over the scalp, face, trunk and extremities (Fig. 1A,B). The liver was 3 cm palpable below the costal margin. He was active and stable. The mother' prenatal investigation on antibodies of rubella, herpes simplex virus (HSV) and hepatitis B surface antigen were positive. The baby's antibodies for HAV, HBV, HCV, rubella, HSV, HIV and syphilis were negative...
November 29, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895906/respiratory-distress-associated-with-heterotopic-gastrointestinal-cysts-of-the-oral-cavity-a-case-report
#5
Marco Antonio Méndez Sáenz, Mario de Jesús Villegas González, Marco A Ponce Camacho, Lucia M Cavazos Cavazos, Bárbara Sáenz Ibarra, Blanca I Esquivel García, José Luis Treviño González
Heterotopic gastrointestinal cysts of the oral cavity are benign lesions usually discovered during infancy. Their pathogenesis is not very clear. They are rare congenital anomalies that result from remnants of foregut-derived epithelium in the head, neck, thorax or abdomen during embryonic development. The majority of these lesions occur in the anterior ventral surface of the tongue and extend to the floor of the mouth. They are confused clinically by surgeons in cases of head and neck masses in children as ranulas, dermoid and thyroglossal cysts, and lymphangioma...
December 2016: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895847/efficacy-of-a-low-cost-bubble-cpap-system-in-treatment-of-respiratory-distress-in-a-neonatal-ward-in-malawi
#6
Kondwani Kawaza, Heather E Machen, Jocelyn Brown, Zondiwe Mwanza, Suzanne Iniguez, Al Gest, E O'Brian Smith, Maria Oden, Rebecca R Richards-Kortum, Elizabeth Molyneux
BACKGROUND: Respiratory failure is a leading cause of neonatal mortality in the developing world. Bubble continuous positive airway pressure (bCPAP) is a safe, effective intervention for infants with respiratory distress and is widely used in developed countries. Because of its high cost, bCPAP is not widely utilized in low-resource settings. We evaluated the performance of a new bCPAP system to treat severe respiratory distress in a low resource setting, comparing it to nasal oxygen therapy, the current standard of care...
September 2016: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891065/trends-causes-and-risk-factors-of-mortality-among-children-under-5-in-ethiopia-1990-2013-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2013
#7
Amare Deribew, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Kebede Deribe, Yohannes Adama Melaku, Yihunie Lakew, Azmeraw T Amare, Semaw F Abera, Mesoud Mohammed, Abiy Hiruye, Efrem Teklay, Awoke Misganaw, Nicholas Kassebaum
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia has made remarkable progress in reducing child mortality over the last two decades. However, the under-5 mortality rate in Ethiopia is still higher than the under-5 mortality rates of several low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). On the other hand, the patterns and causes of child mortality have not been well investigated in Ethiopia. The objective of this study was to investigate the mortality trend, causes of death, and risk factors among children under 5 in Ethiopia during 1990-2013...
2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890454/effect-of-phototherapy-on-b-and-t-lymphocytes-in-egyptian-infants-suffering-from-neonatal-jaundice
#8
I K Eyada, A L El Saie, G A Ibrahem, N M Riad
BACKGROUND: Neonatal jaundice is one of the most common problems that affect newborn infants, and phototherapy is usually used for treatment. OBJECTIVES: Evaluation of the effect of phototherapy on neonatal immune system through measuring the percentage of B and T lymphocytes and determining the frequency of development of infections and need for hospitalisation during the first six months of life. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted on 50 full term new-borns; 25 with indirect hyperbilirubinaemia and treated with conventional phototherapy and 25 healthy matched neonates as untreated controls...
November 24, 2016: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887680/emergency-video-telemedicine-consultation-for-newborn-resuscitations-the-mayo-clinic-experience
#9
Jennifer L Fang, Christopher A Collura, Robert V Johnson, Garth F Asay, William A Carey, Douglas P Derleth, Tara R Lang, Beth L Kreofsky, Christopher E Colby
OBJECTIVE: To describe the Mayo Clinic experience with emergency video telemedicine consultations for high-risk newborn deliveries. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From March 26, 2013, through December 31, 2015, the Division of Neonatal Medicine offered newborn telemedicine consultations to 6 health system sites. A wireless tablet running secure video conferencing software was used by the local care teams. Descriptive data were collected on all consultations. After each telemedicine consult, a survey was sent to the neonatologist and referring provider to assess the technology, teamwork, and user satisfaction...
December 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885658/early-skin-to-skin-contact-for-mothers-and-their-healthy-newborn-infants
#10
REVIEW
Elizabeth R Moore, Nils Bergman, Gene C Anderson, Nancy Medley
BACKGROUND: Mother-infant separation post birth is common. In standard hospital care, newborn infants are held wrapped or dressed in their mother's arms, placed in open cribs or under radiant warmers. Skin-to-skin contact (SSC) begins ideally at birth and should last continually until the end of the first breastfeeding. SSC involves placing the dried, naked baby prone on the mother's bare chest, often covered with a warm blanket. According to mammalian neuroscience, the intimate contact inherent in this place (habitat) evokes neuro-behaviors ensuring fulfillment of basic biological needs...
November 25, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884070/association-of-sp-c-gene-codon-186-polymorphism-rs1124-and-risk-of-rds
#11
Neda Fatahi, Hosein Dalili, Majid Kalani, Nikoo Niknafs, Mamak Shariat, Javad Tavakkoly-Bazzaz, Elaheh Amini, Tahereh Esmaeilnia Shirvani, Amir Kamal Hardani, Roya Taheritafti, Nasrin Ghasemi-Fakhr, Mohsen Ghadami, Fatemeh Nayeri, Ali Rashidi-Nezhad
BACKGROUND: Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is a severe pulmonary disease that mainly affects preterm neonates. Surfactant-protein genes' polymorphisms have been mostly evaluated as the candidate contributors in genetics of RDS. However, the results are diverse in different populations. We aimed at investigating the association of rs1124 with RDS development. METHOD: Three hundred and thirty five preterm neonates were enrolled in a multicenter case-control study...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882737/neonatal-bowel-strangulation-rare-presentation-of-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia
#12
Salvatore Arena, Gianfranco Scalfari, Nunzio Turiaco, Lucia Marseglia, Patrizia Perrone, Eloisa Gitto, Carmelo Romeo
We report a case of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) with perinatal bowel strangulation requiring intestinal resection. Ten hours after birth, the newborn started to be lethargic and developed bilious emesis. X-ray documented distended loops of bowel with air fluid levels in the abdomen and a gasless, non-homogeneous opacity of the left hemithorax, a right mediastinal shift and loss of the sharp left hemidiaphram line. On gastrographin enema the left colon was above the adjacent left diaphragm. Emergency surgery was performed at 16 h of age...
November 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882025/no-inhalation-in-combination-with-high-frequency-ventilation-treatment-in-the-treatment-of-neonatal-severe-respiratory-failure
#13
Xiaohui Guo, Yanfeng Sun, Jing Miao, Min Cui, Jiangbo Wang, Shuzhen Han
OBJECTIVE: To discuss over NO inhalation (iNO) in combination with high frequency ventilation treatment in relieving clinical symptoms and respiratory state of patients with neonatal severe respiratory failure. METHODS: Ninety newborns with severe respiratory failure who received treatment in our hospital were selected for this study. They were divided into research group and control group according to visiting time. Patients in the control group were given conventional treatment in combination with high-frequency oscillatory ventilation, while patients in the research group were given iNO for treatment additionally besides the treatment the same as the control group...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865488/the-influence-of-3-different-navel-dips-on-calf-health-growth-performance-and-umbilical-infection-assessed-by-clinical-and-ultrasonographic-examination
#14
M Wieland, S Mann, C L Guard, D V Nydam
The objectives were to investigate the effect of 3 navel dips on (1) umbilical infection, (2) health events (pneumonia, diarrhea, and arthritis), and (3) average daily gain (ADG) in newborn dairy calves. A secondary aim was to compare the agreement of standardized ultrasonographic examination with clinical examination for the diagnosis of umbilical infection. In a randomized block design, newborn calves were assigned by birth order to 3 treatment groups: Navel Guard (NG; SCG-Solutions Inc., McDonough, GA), 7% iodine tincture (SI), and 2% chlorhexidine gluconate (CH)...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862664/-neonatal-outcomes-in-a-level-ii-regional-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#15
Raid M R Umran, Asjad Al-Jammali
BACKGROUND: Improving the neonatal mortality is a challenge in developing countries like Iraq. Increasing demands and overload of maternity services can considerably limit the improvement in neonatal outcomes. We aimed to document the numbers, disease patterns and outcomes of admitted newborns and the improvement after implementing clinical protocols and to identify possible future target measures. METHOD: A descriptive study was conducted at neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) at a regional hospital from 2011 to 2013...
November 12, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859014/cord-blood-streptococcus-pneumoniae-specific-cellular-immune-responses-predict-early-pneumococcal-carriage-in-high-risk-infants-in-papua-new-guinea
#16
Jacinta P Francis, Peter C Richmond, Deborah Strickland, Susan L Prescott, William S Pomat, Audrey Michael, Marie A Nadal-Sims, Catherine J Edwards-Devitt, Patrick G Holt, Deborah Lehmann, Anita H J van den Biggelaar
Background In areas where Streptococcus pneumoniae is highly endemic, infants experience very early pneumococcal colonization of the upper respiratory tract with carriage often persisting into adulthood. We aimed to explore whether newborns in high risk areas have pre-existing pneumococcal-specific cellular immune responses that may affect early pneumococcal acquisition. Methods Cord blood mononuclear cells (CBMC) of 84 Papua New Guinean (PNG; high endemic) and 33 Australian (AUS; low endemic) newborns were stimulated in vitro with detoxified pneumolysin (dPly) or pneumococcal surface protein A (PspA; families 1 and 2) and compared for cytokine responses...
November 18, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855487/transfer-of-therapeutic-genes-into-fetal-rhesus-monkeys-using-recombinant-adeno-associated-type-i-viral-vectors
#17
Thomas J Conlon, Cathryn S Mah, Christina A R Pacak, Mary B Rucker Henninger, Kirsten E Erger, Marda L Jorgensen, Charles C Lee, Alice F Tarantal, Barry J Byrne
Neuromuscular disorders such as Pompe disease (glycogen storage disease, type II), result in early and potentially irreversible cellular damage with a very limited opportunity for intervention in the newborn period. Pompe disease is due to deficiency in acid α-glucosidase (GAA) leading to lysosomal accumulation of glycogen in all cell types, abnormal myofibrillogenesis, respiratory insufficiency, neurological deficits, and reduced contractile function in striated muscle. Previous studies have shown that fetal delivery of recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) encoding GAA to the peritoneal cavity of Gaa-/- mice resulted in high-level transduction of the diaphragm...
November 17, 2016: Human Gene Therapy. Clinical Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849237/immunology-of-breast-milk
#18
Patricia Palmeira, Magda Carneiro-Sampaio
In the critical phase of immunological immaturity of the newborn, particularly for the immune system of mucous membranes, infants receive large amounts of bioactive components through colostrum and breast milk. Colostrum is the most potent natural immune booster known to science. Breastfeeding protects infants against infections mainly via secretory IgA (SIgA) antibodies, but also via other various bioactive factors. It is striking that the defense factors of human milk function without causing inflammation; some components are even anti-inflammatory...
September 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844483/golden-60%C3%A2-minutes-of-newborn-s-life-part-1-preterm-neonate
#19
Deepak Sharma
"Golden 60 minutes "or "Golden Hour" is defined as the first hour of the newborn after birth. This hour includes resuscitation care, transport to nursery from place of birth and course in nursery. The concept of "Golden hour" includes evidence based interventions that are done in the first 60 min of postnatal life for the better long term outcome of the preterm newborn especially extreme premature, extreme low birth weight and very low birth weight. The evidence shows that the concept of "Golden 60 minutes" leads to reduction in neonatal complications like hypothermia, hypoglycemia, intraventricular hemorrhage, chronic lung disease and retinopathy of prematurity...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835691/surfactant-protein-a-and-b-gene-polymorphisms-and-risk-of-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-late-preterm-neonates
#20
Maria-Eleni I Tsitoura, Eleana F Stavrou, Ioannis A Maraziotis, Kosmas Sarafidis, Aglaia Athanassiadou, Gabriel Dimitriou
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Newborns delivered late-preterm (between 340/7 and 366/7 weeks of gestation) are at increased risk of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). Polymorphisms within the surfactant protein (SP) A and B gene have been shown to predispose to RDS in preterm neonates. The aim of this study was to investigate whether specific SP-A and/or SP-B genetic variants are also associated with RDS in infants born late-preterm. METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study included 56 late-preterm infants with and 60 without RDS...
2016: PloS One
keyword
keyword
116358
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"