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basiliximab and lymphopenia

Wasim Ahmed Siddiqui, Issa Al Salmi, Amitabh Jha, Abbas Pakkyara, Mohammad Yasir, Faissal A M Shaheen
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is one of the most frequently encountered opportunistic viral pathogens in kidney transplant recipients. In this study, we retrospectively reviewed all living related and unrelated kidney transplant recipients on regular follow-up from January 2006 to June 2015, who were suspected to have CMV clinically and confirmed by DNA polymerase chain reaction (PCR). CMV PCR was detected in 102 kidney transplant recipients. The median time of detection after kidney transplant was 21 months, ranging from 15 days to 84 months...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Ioannis Kyriakidis, Athanasios Tragiannidis, Ilse Zündorf, Andreas H Groll
An expanding list of immunomodulatory or immunosuppressive monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) and biologic therapeutics is currently entering clinical practice, particularly in the areas of oncology, transplantation and autoimmune disorders. These agents are directed against molecules or cells involved in inflammation and immunity and may therefore be associated with serious and opportunistic infections. The purpose of this review was to critically analyse the literature on invasive fungal infections (IFIs) occurring in association with mAbs and fusion proteins other than tumour necrosis alpha (TNF-α) inhibitors, including therapeutics modulating T-cell-mediated pathologies (muromonab, abatacept, belatacept, ipilimumab, basiliximab, daclizumab), inducing lymphopenia (alemtuzumab), depleting CD20+ B cells (rituximab) and interfering with various targets (anakinra, natalizumab, blodalumab, ixekizumab and others) with a focus on children, and to provide a framework of evaluating the risk for IFIs in this population...
August 2017: Mycoses
Mirko Scarsi, Nicola Bossini, Fabio Malacarne, Francesca Valerio, Silvio Sandrini, Paolo Airò
To better understand the kinetics of the delayed reconstitution of peripheral CD4+ T-cells after depletion with a single administration of alemtuzumab (AL) for renal transplantation, we evaluated in these patients the percentage and absolute number of recent thymic emigrants (RTEs) CD4+ T cells, together with naive and memory subsets, defined by the analysis of CD31, CD45RA and CCR7 expression, and compared with patients treated with a nondepleting protocol based on basiliximab, and with healthy controls. In AL-treated patients, the number of circulating CD4+ T cells was greatly reduced 1 year after the infusion (P < 0...
August 2010: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
Andreea Delia Moicean, Anca Maria Popp, Ioanel Sinescu
Thymoglobulin has a proven safety and efficacy profile both as treatment of acute rejection and as induction therapy in organ transplantation. The most common adverse events associated with Thymoglobulin are cytokine release syndrome, thrombocytopenia, and lymphopenia. Results of early studies showed an increased rate of cytomegalovirus disease associated with Thymoglobulin treatment, but recent studies indicate that routine administration of modern antiviral prophylaxis can reduce this risk. More research comparing Thymoglobulin with basiliximab will help individualize regimens by matching the choice of induction agent with the risk profile of each transplant recipient...
July 2009: Journal of Medicine and Life
R Vilalta, E Lara, A Madrid, S Chocron, A Vazquez, A Casquero, J Nieto
Reduction of delayed graft function (DGF) is critical to the success of renal transplantation. We report graft outcomes with antithymocyte globulin (ATG) induction compared with using interleukin-2 receptor antagonist basiliximab (IL-2RA). Twelve pediatric patients received a pediatric deceased donor kidney. We treated them with ATG (group A, ATG; n = 6) or IL-2RA (group B, n = 6). DGF was observed in 0 cases (group A) and in 6 cases (group B), which showed a mean of 7 +/- 3 days (P < .001). In group A, lymphopenia occurred routinely resolving after 3-6 months, none with serious infection...
July 2009: Transplantation Proceedings
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