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Neutrophil traps

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081204/deletion-of-ssna-attenuates-the-pathogenicity-of-streptococcus-suis-and-confers-protection-against-serovar-2-strain-challenge
#1
Miao Li, Ru-Jian Cai, Chun-Ling Li, Shuai Song, Yan Li, Zhi-Yong Jiang, Dong-Xia Yang
Streptococcus suis serotype 2 (SS2) is a major porcine and human pathogen which causes arthritis, meningitis, and septicemia. Streptococcus suis nuclease A (SsnA) is a recently discovered deoxyribonuclease (DNase), which has been demonstrated to contribute to escape killing in neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs). To further determine the effects of ssnA on virulence, the ssnA deletion mutant (ΔssnA) and its complemented strain (C-ΔssnA) were constructed. The ability of ΔssnA mutant to interact with human laryngeal epithelial cell (Hep-2) was evaluated and it exhibited dramatically decreased ability to adhere to and invade Hep-2 cells...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076396/neutrophil-interactions-stimulate-evasive-hyphal-branching-by-aspergillus-fumigatus
#2
Felix Ellett, Julianne Jorgensen, Galit H Frydman, Caroline N Jones, Daniel Irimia
Invasive aspergillosis (IA), primarily caused by Aspergillus fumigatus, is an opportunistic fungal infection predominantly affecting immunocompromised and neutropenic patients that is difficult to treat and results in high mortality. Investigations of neutrophil-hypha interaction in vitro and in animal models of IA are limited by lack of temporal and spatial control over interactions. This study presents a new approach for studying neutrophil-hypha interaction at single cell resolution over time, which revealed an evasive fungal behavior triggered by interaction with neutrophils: Interacting hyphae performed de novo tip formation to form new hyphal branches, allowing the fungi to avoid the interaction point and continue invasive growth...
January 11, 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073931/histones-and-neutrophil-extracellular-traps-enhance-tubular-necrosis-and-remote-organ-injury-in-ischemic-aki
#3
Daigo Nakazawa, Santhosh V Kumar, Julian Marschner, Jyaysi Desai, Alexander Holderied, Lukas Rath, Franziska Kraft, Yutian Lei, Yuichiro Fukasawa, Gilbert W Moeckel, Maria Lucia Angelotti, Helen Liapis, Hans-Joachim Anders
Severe AKI is often associated with multiorgan dysfunction, but the mechanisms of this remote tissue injury are unknown. We hypothesized that renal necroinflammation releases cytotoxic molecules that may cause remote organ damage. In hypoxia-induced tubular epithelial cell necrosis in vitro, histone secretion from ischemic tubular cells primed neutrophils to form neutrophil extracellular traps. These traps induced tubular epithelial cell death and stimulated neutrophil extracellular trap formation in fresh neutrophils...
January 10, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073784/platelets-and-neutrophil-extracellular-traps-collaborate-to-promote-intravascular-coagulation-during-sepsis-in-mice
#4
Braedon McDonald, Rachelle P Davis, Seok-Joo Kim, Mandy Tse, Charles T Esmon, Elzbieta Kolaczkowska, Craig N Jenne
Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs; webs of DNA coated in anti-microbial proteins) are released into the vasculature during sepsis where they contribute to host defense, but also cause tissue damage and organ dysfunction. Various components of NETs have also been implicated as activators of coagulation. Using multi-color confocal intravital microscopy in mouse models of sepsis, we observed profound platelet aggregation, thrombin activation, and fibrin clot formation within (and downstream of) NETs in vivo...
January 10, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068879/electrospun-template-architecture-and-composition-regulate-neutrophil-netosis-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#5
Allison E Fetz, Indira Neeli, Isaac A Rodriguez, Marko Z Radic, Gary Bowlin
Mounting evidence indicates that neutrophils, first responders to an implanted biomaterial, prime the microenvironment for recruited immune cells by secreting factors and releasing neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) through NETosis. In this study, we investigated the role of electrospun template architecture and composition in regulating NETosis. Electrospun polydioxanone (PDO), collagen type I (COL), and blended PDO-COL templates (PC) were fabricated with small (0.25-0.35µm) and large (1.0-2.00µm) diameter fibers...
January 9, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065603/retinoic-acid-induces-hypersegmentation-and-enhances-cytotoxicity-of-neutrophils-against-cancer-cells
#6
Sanjeeb Shrestha, Shin-Yeong Kim, Young-Jin Yun, Jun-Kyu Kim, Jae Man Lee, Minsang Shin, Dong-Keun Song, Chang-Won Hong
Hypersegmentation of nuclei is considered a distinct characteristic of the antitumoral phenotype of neutrophils. Retinoic acid, a metabolite of retinol, reorganizes and induces segmentation of the nucleus during the differentiation of neutrophils. However, the role of retinoic acid in the phenotype polarization of neutrophils has not been fully established. Here, we investigated the effect of retinoic acid on phenotype polarization of neutrophils. Retinoic acid-induced the hypersegmentation of human neutrophils via retinoic acid receptors and mTOR pathways...
January 5, 2017: Immunology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063059/experimental-arthritis-mouse-models-driven-by-adaptive-and-or-innate-inflammation
#7
W Razawy, C H Alves, M Molendijk, P S Asmawidjaja, A M C Mus, E Lubberts
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic systemic autoimmune disease mainly affecting synovial joints. The clinical presentation of RA shows the heterogeneity of this disease with its underlying complex interactions between the innate and adaptive immune system and flare-ups of disease. Different disease models such as collagen induced arthritis, antigen induced arthritis, and Streptococcal cell wall induced arthritis can be exploited to investigate different aspects of the pathogenesis of arthritis. The disease can be monitored macroscopically over time via scoring systems...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045905/human-leukocytes-kill-brugia-malayi-microfilariae-independently-of-dna-based-extracellular-trap-release
#8
Ciaran J McCoy, Barbara J Reaves, Steeve Giguère, Ruby Coates, Balázs Rada, Adrian J Wolstenholme
BACKGROUND: Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi and Brugia timori infect over 100 million people worldwide and are the causative agents of lymphatic filariasis. Some parasite carriers are amicrofilaremic whilst others facilitate mosquito-based disease transmission through blood-circulating microfilariae (Mf). Recent findings, obtained largely from animal model systems, suggest that polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) contribute to parasitic nematode-directed type 2 immune responses. When exposed to certain pathogens PMNs release extracellular traps (NETs) in the form of chromatin loaded with various antimicrobial molecules and proteases...
January 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045214/neutrophil-extracellular-traps-in-acute-chorioamnionitis-a%C3%A2-mechanism-of-host-defense
#9
Nardhy Gomez-Lopez, Roberto Romero, Yaozhu Leng, Valeria Garcia-Flores, Yi Xu, Derek Miller, Sonia S Hassan
PROBLEM: Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) were recently described as a mechanism for microbial killing in the amniotic cavity of women with intra-amniotic infection. Such a clinical condition can result in acute chorioamnionitis, a placental lesion characterized by the infiltration of maternal neutrophils in the chorioamniotic membranes. Herein, we investigated whether these infiltrating neutrophils form NETs in the chorioamniotic membranes from women who underwent spontaneous term or preterm labor with acute chorioamnionitis...
January 3, 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032527/bioreactivity-of-stent-material-activation-of-platelets-coagulation-leukocytes-and-endothelial-cell-dysfunction-in-vitro
#10
Veronique Ollivier, Caroline Roques, Nicolas Receveur, Matthias Gratz, Laurent Feldman, Didier Letourneur, Christian Gachet, Pierre H Mangin, Martine Jandrot-Perrus
Outcome of patients with coronary artery disease has been significantly improved by percutaneous coronary interventions with stent implantation. However, despite progress made on devices and antithrombotic treatments, stent thrombosis remains an important issue because of serious adverse consequences. Several mechanisms are assumed to favor stent thrombosis as platelet aggregation, fibrin formation, defective healing and local inflammation. The objective of this study was to evaluate in vitro the thrombogenicity, proinflammatory properties and healing capacities of cobalt-chromium (CoCr), an alloy commonly used for cardiovascular implants...
December 29, 2016: Platelets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031479/peptidylarginine-deiminase-4-promotes-age-related-organ-fibrosis
#11
Kimberly Martinod, Thilo Witsch, Luise Erpenbeck, Alexander Savchenko, Hideki Hayashi, Deya Cherpokova, Maureen Gallant, Maximilian Mauler, Stephen M Cifuni, Denisa D Wagner
Aging promotes inflammation, a process contributing to fibrosis and decline in organ function. The release of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs [NETosis]), orchestrated by peptidylarginine deiminase 4 (PAD4), damages organs in acute inflammatory models. We determined that NETosis is more prevalent in aged mice and investigated the role of PAD4/NETs in age-related organ fibrosis. Reduction in fibrosis was seen in the hearts and lungs of aged PAD4(-/-) mice compared with wild-type (WT) mice. An increase in left ventricular interstitial collagen deposition and a decline in systolic and diastolic function were present only in WT mice, and not in PAD4(-/-) mice...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024097/immunoglobulin-a-magic-bullet-or-trojan-horse
#12
REVIEW
Marieke Heineke, Marjolein van Egmond
Neutrophils participate in the first line of defense by executing several killing mechanisms, including phagocytosis, degranulation and the release of neutrophil extracellular traps. Additionally, they can orchestrate the adaptive immune system by secreting cytokines and chemokines. Opsonization with antibodies aids in the recognition of pathogens, via binding to Fc receptors on the neutrophil surface. Immunoglobulin A (IgA) is the most abundant antibody at mucosal sites and has multiple functions in homeostasis and immunity...
December 26, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018350/m%C3%A3-nage-%C3%A3-trois-the-ratio-of-bicarbonate-to-co2-and-the-ph-regulate-the-capacity-of-neutrophils-to-form-nets
#13
Christian Maueröder, Aparna Mahajan, Susanne Paulus, Stefanie Gößwein, Jonas Hahn, Deborah Kienhöfer, Mona H Biermann, Philipp Tripal, Ralf P Friedrich, Luis E Munoz, Markus F Neurath, Christoph Becker, Georg Andreas Schett, Martin Herrmann, Moritz Leppkes
In this study, we identified and characterized the potential of a high ratio of bicarbonate to CO2 and a moderately alkaline pH to render neutrophils prone to undergo neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) formation. Both experimental settings increased the rate of spontaneous NET release and potentiated the NET-inducing capacity of phorbol esters (phorbol-2-myristate-13-acetate), ionomycin, monosodium urate, and LPS. In contrast, an acidic environment impaired NET formation both spontaneous and induced. Our findings indicate that intracellular alkalinization of neutrophils in response to an alkaline environment leads to an increase of intracellular calcium and neutrophil activation...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013195/nicotine-drives-neutrophil-extracellular-traps-formation-and-accelerates-collagen-induced-arthritis
#14
Jaejoon Lee, Ayala Luria, Christopher Rhodes, Harini Raghu, Nithya Lingampalli, Orr Sharpe, Balazs Rada, Dong Hyun Sohn, William H Robinson, Jeremy Sokolove
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to investigate the effects of nicotine on neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) formation in current and non-smokers and on a murine model of RA. METHODS: We compared spontaneous and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate-induced NETosis between current and non-smokers by DNA release binding. Nicotine-induced NETosis from non-smokers was assessed by DNA release binding, NET-specific (myeloperoxidase (MPO)-DNA complex) ELISA and real-time fluorescence microscopy...
December 24, 2016: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010135/neutrophils-releasing-il-17a-into-nets-are-essential-to-plasma-cell-differentiation-in-inflamed-tissue-dependent-on-il-1r
#15
Lidiane Zito Grund, Ivan Novaski, Valerie F Quesniaux, Bernhard Ryffel, Monica Lopes-Ferreira, Carla Lima
Interleukin (IL) 17A in chronic inflammation is also produced by innate immune cells as neutrophils. Mice with chronic humoral response induced by venom of Thalassophryne nattereri (VTn) proved to be a good tool for evaluating the impact of IL-17A on the development of long-lived plasma cells in the inflamed peritoneal cavity. Here, we report that VTn induces IL-17A production by neutrophils accumulating in the peritoneal cavity and triggers the extrusion of IL-17A along with neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs)...
December 23, 2016: Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007693/pad4-deficiency-decreases-inflammation-and-susceptibility-to-pregnancy-loss-in-a-mouse-model
#16
Luise Erpenbeck, Chanchal Sur Chowdhury, Zsuzsanna K Zsengellér, Maureen Gallant, Suzanne D Burke, Stephen Cifuni, Sinuhe Hahn, Denisa D Wagner, S Ananth Karumanchi
Inflammation is thought to play a critical role in the pathogenesis of placentation disorders such as recurrent miscarriages, growth restriction, and preeclampsia. Recently, neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) have emerged as a potential mechanism for promoting inflammation in both infectious and noninfectious disorders. To investigate a pathogenic role for NETs in placentation disorders, we studied a model of antiangiogenic factor-mediated pregnancy loss in wild-type (WT) mice and in mice deficient in peptidylarginine deiminase 4 (Padi4(-/-)) that are unable to form NETs...
December 2016: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005949/netosis-before-and-after-hyperglycemic-control-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients
#17
Agostina Carestia, Gustavo Frechtel, Gloria Cerrone, María A Linari, Claudio D Gonzalez, Patricia Casais, Mirta Schattner
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Diabetes is characterized by chronic inflammation, endothelial dysfunction, increased risk of infections and early cardiovascular disease. By releasing neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs), neutrophils kill bacteria and exert pro-inflammatory and pro-thrombotic activities. Increased NETosis has been found in cross-sectional studies including treated type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. In this study, we determined whether the ability of neutrophils to form NETs differs in diabetic patients pre- and post-hyperglycemic control versus healthy donors (HD), and the relationship between NETosis with pro-thrombotic, pro-inflammatory biomarkers and thrombotic clinical events...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004421/comparison-of-neutrophil-functions-between-two-strains-of-inbred-mice
#18
Xiaohuan Zhang, Sainan Zhao, Luping Sun, Wenqing Li, Michael Glogauer, Yan Hu
In this study, differences in neutrophil function represented by Rac1 expression, chemotaxis, NADPH oxidase activity, and formation of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) from 2 strains of inbred mice were determined. Neutrophils from CBA/CaH mice exhibited decreased Rac1 expression and a reduced speed in the chemotactic gradient compared to BALB/c mice. Furthermore, the level of superoxide and NETs generated by PMA- or fMLP-stimulated neutrophils from CBA/CaH mice was much lower compared to stimulated neutrophils from BALB/c mice...
December 22, 2016: Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003814/the-selective-estrogen-receptor-modulator-raloxifene-inhibits-neutrophil-extracellular-trap-formation
#19
Roxana Flores, Simon Döhrmann, Christina Schaal, Abdul Hakkim, Victor Nizet, Ross Corriden
Raloxifene is a selective estrogen receptor modulator typically prescribed for the prevention/treatment of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. Although raloxifene is known to have anti-inflammatory properties, its effects on human neutrophils, the primary phagocytic leukocytes of the immune system, remain poorly understood. Here, through a screen of pharmacologically active small molecules, we find that raloxifene prevents neutrophil cell death in response to the classical activator phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), a compound known to induce formation of DNA-based neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs)...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998729/in%C3%A2-vivo-imaging-of-inflamed-glomeruli-reveals-dynamics-of-neutrophil-extracellular-trap-formation-in-glomerular-capillaries
#20
Clare L V Westhorpe, James E Bayard, Kim M O'Sullivan, Pam Hall, Qiang Cheng, A Richard Kitching, Michael J Hickey
Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) have been documented in glomeruli of patients with glomerulonephritis. However, the dynamics of NET formation in the glomerulus and their functional contribution to acute glomerular injury are poorly understood. Herein, we used in vivo multiphoton microscopy to investigate NET formation in the acutely inflamed glomerulus. Glomerular inflammation was induced using an antibody against the glomerular basement membrane. After induction of glomerular inflammation, multiphoton microscopy revealed that approximately 20% of glomeruli contained structures composed of extracellular DNA within the capillaries...
December 17, 2016: American Journal of Pathology
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