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law and ethics in nursing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225664/historic-leadership
#1
Ellen F Johnsen, Katherine J Pohlman
School nursing practice establishes itself in the midst of both education and nursing philosophies, ethics, standards, laws, and regulations. Treading these two worlds is difficult at times and requires that a school nurse possess a strong foundational knowledge base, seek professional collaboration, and navigate conflicting professional demands in order to promote student and public safety. This article is Part 2 of a four-part series that recounts the inspiring story of a school nurse, Ellen Johnsen, who did just that back in the 1980s in Broken Arrow, Oklahoma...
March 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155775/-oral-health-and-the-nurse-8217-s-role-in-qu-233-bec
#2
Hermina Harnagea
<ce:para>Various international health care organizations strongly recommend the implication of non-dental health care professionals in oral health. Consequently, nurses are currently often required to question their ability to manage patients’ oral health-related problems, as well as the very meaning of their management of patients in such situations. The purpose of this paper is to draw attention to the role of the nurse in the management of oral health. Professional associations and academic institutions involved in the development of nursing professional skills, and health policymakers involved in decisions concerning the geographical distribution of nursing personnel and adoption of laws in Quebec, act in a disconnected manner, independently from dental professionals and without taking into account the actual oral health care needs of the various categories of beneficiaries...
December 19, 2016: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124808/respecting-variations-in-embodiment-as-well-as-gender-beyond-the-presumed-binary-of-sex
#3
Elizabeth M Saewyc
Although societies and health care systems are increasingly recognizing gender outside traditional binary categories, the notion persists of two, and only two sexes, 'naturally' aligned between chromosomes and phenotypic body. Yet there are more than a dozen documented genetic or phenotypic variations that do not completely fit the two simplistic categories, and together, they may comprise 1%-2% of the population worldwide. In this commentary, I consider how adherence to binary notions of sex has created and maintained social and health care structures that perpetuate health care inequities, and may well violate our nursing codes of ethics...
January 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077830/-path-analysis-of-the-influence-of-hospital-ethical-climate-perceived-by-nurses-on-supervisor-trust-and-organizational-effectiveness
#4
Yoon Goo Noh, Myun Sook Jung
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the paths of influence that a hospital's ethical climate exerts on nurses' organizational commitment and organizational citizenship behavior, with supervisor trust as the mediating factor, and verify compatibility of the models in hospital nurses. METHODS: The sample consisted of 374 nurses recruited from four hospitals in 3 cities in Korea. The measurements included the Ethical Climate Questionnaire, Supervisor Trust Questionnaire, Organizational Commitment Questionnaire and Organizational Citizenship Behavior Questionnaire...
December 2016: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041869/-palliative-care-after-neonatal-intensive-care-contributions-of-leonetti-law-and-remaining-challenges
#5
P Kuhn, L Dillenseger, N Cojean, B Escande, C Zores, D Astruc
The 2005 enactment of the "Patients' rights and end-of-life care" act, known as the Leonetti law, has been accompanied by practical changes in the processes of withdrawal and withholding of active life-sustaining treatments. This law has also promoted the implementation of palliative care in perinatal medicine to avoid unreasonable therapeutic interventions and to preserve the dying patient's quality of life and human dignity. Recently, a new law has been voted by the French National Assembly and new reflections on the ethical aspects of the end of life in neonatal medicine should resume again within the French Society of Neonatology in the working group on ethical issues in neonatology...
February 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033072/historic-leadership
#6
Ellen F Johnsen, Katherine J Pohlman
School nursing practice establishes itself in the midst of both education and nursing philosophies, ethics, standards, laws, and regulations. Treading these two worlds is difficult at times and requires that a school nurse possess a strong foundational knowledge base, seek professional collaboration, and navigate conflicting professional demands in order to promote student and public safety. This article is Part 1 of a four-part series that recounts the inspiring story of a school nurse, Ellen Johnsen, who did just that back in the 1980s in Broken Arrow, Oklahoma...
January 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027674/ethical-decision-making-regarding-infant-viability
#7
Janet Kelly, Emma Welch
BACKGROUND: There are no universally agreed rules of healthcare ethics. Ethical decisions and standards tend to be linked to professional codes of practice when dealing with complex issues. OBJECTIVES: This paper aims to explore the ethical complexities on who should decide to give infants born on the borderline of viability lifesaving treatment, parents or the healthcare professionals. METHOD: The paper is a discussion using the principles of ethics, professional codes of practice from the UK, Nursing Midwifery Council and UK legal case law and statute...
January 1, 2016: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898287/international-association-for-hospice-and-palliative-care-position-statement-euthanasia-and-physician-assisted-suicide
#8
Liliana De Lima, Roger Woodruff, Katherine Pettus, Julia Downing, Rosa Buitrago, Esther Munyoro, Chitra Venkateswaran, Sushma Bhatnagar, Lukas Radbruch
BACKGROUND: Reports about regulations and laws on Euthanasia and Physician Assisted Suicide (PAS) are becoming increasingly common in the media. Many groups have expressed opposition to euthanasia and PAS while those in favor argue that severely chronically ill and debilitated patients have a right to control the timing and manner of their death. Others argue that both PAS and euthanasia are ethically legitimate in rare and exceptional cases. Given that these discussions as well as the new and proposed laws and regulations may have a powerful impact on patients, caregivers, and health care providers, the International Association for Hospice and Palliative Care (IAHPC) has prepared this statement...
January 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679538/ethical-climate-and-missed-nursing-care-in-cancer-care-units
#9
Stavros Vryonides, Evridiki Papastavrou, Andreas Charalambous, Panayiota Andreou, Christos Eleftheriou, Anastasios Merkouris
BACKGROUND: Previous research has linked missed nursing care to nurses' work environment. Ethical climate is a part of work environment, but the relationship of missed care to different types of ethical climate is unknown. RESEARCH OBJECTIVES: To describe the types of ethical climate in adult in-patient cancer care settings, and their relationship to missed nursing care. RESEARCH DESIGN: A descriptive correlation design was used. Data were collected using the Ethical Climate Questionnaire and the MISSCARE survey tool, and analyzed with descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation and analysis of variance...
September 27, 2016: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612453/stigmatized-by-association-challenges-for-abortion-service-providers-in-ghana
#10
Patience Aniteye, Beverley O'Brien, Susannah H Mayhew
BACKGROUND: Unsafe abortion is an issue of public health concern and contributes significantly to maternal morbidity and mortality globally. Abortion evokes religious, moral, ethical, socio-cultural and medical concerns which mean it is highly stigmatized and this poses a threat to both providers and researchers. This study sought to explore challenges to providing safe abortion services from the perspective of health providers in Ghana. METHODS: A descriptive qualitative study using in-depth interviews was conducted...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570793/-prefacing-the-script-as-an-ethical-response-to-state-mandated-abortion-counseling
#11
Mara Buchbinder, Dragana Lassiter, Rebecca Mercier, Amy Bryant, Anne Drapkin Lyerly
BACKGROUND: Laws governing abortion provision are proliferating throughout the United States, yet little is known about how these laws affect providers. We investigated the experiences of abortion providers in North Carolina practicing under the 2011 Women's Right to Know Act, which mandates that women receive counseling with specific, state-prescribed information at least 24 hours prior to an abortion. We focus here on a subset of the data to examine one strategy by which providers worked to minimize moral conflicts generated by the counseling procedure...
2016: AJOB Empirical Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27353936/legal-and-ethical-issues-in-neonatal-nursing-a-case-study
#12
Victoria Hagger, Catherine Ellis, Laura Strumidlo
Neonatal nurses regularly face complex legal and ethical dilemmas. This article discusses the hypothetical case of Jack, a two-day-old infant diagnosed with trisomy 13 (syndrome), a life-limiting condition. Jack's prognosis is poor, and he is not expected to live past two weeks of age. The legal and ethical perspectives of withholding life-sustaining treatment in infants and children will be explored through the application of ethical frameworks, as well as statute and case law relevant to children and adolescent nursing...
June 29, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27233023/ethics-and-the-law-in-a-e
#13
George Castledine
Pete is a regular at your A&E department. He is knoum to take narcotic substances. He has been brought in by ambulance, unconscious, and with depressed respiratory effort. After a few minutes of vigorous oxygenation he wakes up and demands to leave. Should the nurse insist he stay in A&E against his will, knowing that without oxygen stimulation or antidote he may lose consciousness again?
May 1, 1994: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27231997/ethics-and-the-law-in-a-e
#14
George Castledine
A young woman approaches the triage desk nurse asking for the 'morning after pill'. It is the department's policy to provide post-coital contraception only as a last resort. Although the patient has access to primary care facilities, she has chosen to attend A&E. What should the nurse do?
February 1, 1995: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27218833/the-metaethics-of-nursing-codes-of-ethics-and-conduct
#15
Paul C Snelling
Nursing codes of ethics and conduct are features of professional practice across the world, and in the UK, the regulator has recently consulted on and published a new code. Initially part of a professionalising agenda, nursing codes have recently come to represent a managerialist and disciplinary agenda and nursing can no longer be regarded as a self-regulating profession. This paper argues that codes of ethics and codes of conduct are significantly different in form and function similar to the difference between ethics and law in everyday life...
October 2016: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27198909/challenging-girls-only-publicly-funded-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-programmes
#16
Victoria G Law, Diana L Gustafson
This analysis examines the 'girls only' policy for publicly funded human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination programmes. Current funding policy in most Canadian provinces covers 'girls only' with the goal of reducing mortality and morbidity rates of HPV-related cervical cancer. Recent studies indicate increasing rates of other HPV-related cancers among cisgender men and women. The HPV vaccine is proving effective against some of these cancers. Statistics on HPV vaccine uptake among individuals with different gender expressions are scarce...
May 20, 2016: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27164772/nursing-students-use-of-electronic-and-social-media-law-ethics-and-e-professionalism
#17
Susan J Westrick
AIM: This article discusses the promotion of professionalism in nursing students with regard to the use of electronic and social media. BACKGROUND: Misuse of social media can lead to disciplinary actions and program dismissal for students and to legal actions and lawsuits for nursing programs. Programs are concemed about breaches of patient confidentiality and release of private or inappropriate information that jeopardizes clinical placements and relationships...
January 2016: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27151310/nurses-attitudes-towards-euthanasia-in-conflict-with-professional-ethical-guidelines
#18
Anja Terkamo-Moisio, Tarja Kvist, Mari Kangasniemi, Teuvo Laitila, Olli-Pekka Ryynänen, Anna-Maija Pietilä
BACKGROUND: Despite the significant role of nurses in end-of-life care, their attitudes towards euthanasia are under-represented both in the current literature and the controversial debate that is ongoing in several countries. RESEARCH QUESTIONS: What are the attitudes towards euthanasia among Finnish nurses? Which characteristics are associated with those attitudes? RESEARCH DESIGN: Cross-sectional web-based survey. PARTICIPANTS AND RESEARCH CONTEXT: A total of 1003 nurses recruited via the members' bulletin of the Finnish Nurses Association and social media...
May 5, 2016: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27148896/ethics-in-nursing-education-research-and-management-tadd-win-ethics-in-nursing-education-research-and-management-219pp-palgrave-macmillan-9780333749944-0333749944
#19
(no author information available yet)
The assisted suicide of British citizen Reginald Crew in Switzerland received considerable media attention earlier this year. That Mr Crew had a ïright to die' in that country when no such right exists in the UK is indicative of the diversity of laws and ethics across Europe.
August 20, 2003: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27134228/critical-care-nurses-knowledge-of-confidentiality-legislation
#20
Angela B Newman, Diane K Kjervik
BACKGROUND: Health care legislation can be difficult to understand and apply in critical situations where patients may not be physically capable of autonomous control of confidential health information. Nurses are often the first to encounter confidential information about patients. OBJECTIVES: To explore critical care nurses' knowledge of federal and North Carolina state legislation regarding confidentiality. METHODS: This descriptive, qualitative study included 12 critical care nurses who were asked to describe their knowledge of federal confidentiality legislation and specific knowledge of North Carolina's confidentiality legislation...
May 2016: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
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