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law and ethics in nursing

Liliana De Lima, Roger Woodruff, Katherine Pettus, Julia Downing, Rosa Buitrago, Esther Munyoro, Chitra Venkateswaran, Sushma Bhatnagar, Lukas Radbruch
BACKGROUND: Reports about regulations and laws on Euthanasia and Physician Assisted Suicide (PAS) are becoming increasingly common in the media. Many groups have expressed opposition to euthanasia and PAS while those in favor argue that severely chronically ill and debilitated patients have a right to control the timing and manner of their death. Others argue that both PAS and euthanasia are ethically legitimate in rare and exceptional cases. Given that these discussions as well as the new and proposed laws and regulations may have a powerful impact on patients, caregivers, and health care providers, the International Association for Hospice and Palliative Care (IAHPC) has prepared this statement...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Stavros Vryonides, Evridiki Papastavrou, Andreas Charalambous, Panayiota Andreou, Christos Eleftheriou, Anastasios Merkouris
BACKGROUND: Previous research has linked missed nursing care to nurses' work environment. Ethical climate is a part of work environment, but the relationship of missed care to different types of ethical climate is unknown. RESEARCH OBJECTIVES: To describe the types of ethical climate in adult in-patient cancer care settings, and their relationship to missed nursing care. RESEARCH DESIGN: A descriptive correlation design was used. Data were collected using the Ethical Climate Questionnaire and the MISSCARE survey tool, and analyzed with descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation and analysis of variance...
September 27, 2016: Nursing Ethics
Patience Aniteye, Beverley O'Brien, Susannah H Mayhew
BACKGROUND: Unsafe abortion is an issue of public health concern and contributes significantly to maternal morbidity and mortality globally. Abortion evokes religious, moral, ethical, socio-cultural and medical concerns which mean it is highly stigmatized and this poses a threat to both providers and researchers. This study sought to explore challenges to providing safe abortion services from the perspective of health providers in Ghana. METHODS: A descriptive qualitative study using in-depth interviews was conducted...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
Mara Buchbinder, Dragana Lassiter, Rebecca Mercier, Amy Bryant, Anne Drapkin Lyerly
BACKGROUND: Laws governing abortion provision are proliferating throughout the United States, yet little is known about how these laws affect providers. We investigated the experiences of abortion providers in North Carolina practicing under the 2011 Women's Right to Know Act, which mandates that women receive counseling with specific, state-prescribed information at least 24 hours prior to an abortion. We focus here on a subset of the data to examine one strategy by which providers worked to minimize moral conflicts generated by the counseling procedure...
2016: AJOB Empirical Bioethics
Victoria Hagger, Catherine Ellis, Laura Strumidlo
Neonatal nurses regularly face complex legal and ethical dilemmas. This article discusses the hypothetical case of Jack, a two-day-old infant diagnosed with trisomy 13 (syndrome), a life-limiting condition. Jack's prognosis is poor, and he is not expected to live past two weeks of age. The legal and ethical perspectives of withholding life-sustaining treatment in infants and children will be explored through the application of ethical frameworks, as well as statute and case law relevant to children and adolescent nursing...
June 29, 2016: Nursing Standard
George Castledine
Pete is a regular at your A&E department. He is knoum to take narcotic substances. He has been brought in by ambulance, unconscious, and with depressed respiratory effort. After a few minutes of vigorous oxygenation he wakes up and demands to leave. Should the nurse insist he stay in A&E against his will, knowing that without oxygen stimulation or antidote he may lose consciousness again?
May 1, 1994: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
George Castledine
A young woman approaches the triage desk nurse asking for the 'morning after pill'. It is the department's policy to provide post-coital contraception only as a last resort. Although the patient has access to primary care facilities, she has chosen to attend A&E. What should the nurse do?
February 1, 1995: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
Paul C Snelling
Nursing codes of ethics and conduct are features of professional practice across the world, and in the UK, the regulator has recently consulted on and published a new code. Initially part of a professionalising agenda, nursing codes have recently come to represent a managerialist and disciplinary agenda and nursing can no longer be regarded as a self-regulating profession. This paper argues that codes of ethics and codes of conduct are significantly different in form and function similar to the difference between ethics and law in everyday life...
October 2016: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
Victoria G Law, Diana L Gustafson
This analysis examines the 'girls only' policy for publicly funded human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination programmes. Current funding policy in most Canadian provinces covers 'girls only' with the goal of reducing mortality and morbidity rates of HPV-related cervical cancer. Recent studies indicate increasing rates of other HPV-related cancers among cisgender men and women. The HPV vaccine is proving effective against some of these cancers. Statistics on HPV vaccine uptake among individuals with different gender expressions are scarce...
May 20, 2016: Nursing Inquiry
Susan J Westrick
AIM: This article discusses the promotion of professionalism in nursing students with regard to the use of electronic and social media. BACKGROUND: Misuse of social media can lead to disciplinary actions and program dismissal for students and to legal actions and lawsuits for nursing programs. Programs are concemed about breaches of patient confidentiality and release of private or inappropriate information that jeopardizes clinical placements and relationships...
January 2016: Nursing Education Perspectives
Anja Terkamo-Moisio, Tarja Kvist, Mari Kangasniemi, Teuvo Laitila, Olli-Pekka Ryynänen, Anna-Maija Pietilä
BACKGROUND: Despite the significant role of nurses in end-of-life care, their attitudes towards euthanasia are under-represented both in the current literature and the controversial debate that is ongoing in several countries. RESEARCH QUESTIONS: What are the attitudes towards euthanasia among Finnish nurses? Which characteristics are associated with those attitudes? RESEARCH DESIGN: Cross-sectional web-based survey. PARTICIPANTS AND RESEARCH CONTEXT: A total of 1003 nurses recruited via the members' bulletin of the Finnish Nurses Association and social media...
May 5, 2016: Nursing Ethics
(no author information available yet)
The assisted suicide of British citizen Reginald Crew in Switzerland received considerable media attention earlier this year. That Mr Crew had a ïright to die' in that country when no such right exists in the UK is indicative of the diversity of laws and ethics across Europe.
August 20, 2003: Nursing Standard
Angela B Newman, Diane K Kjervik
BACKGROUND: Health care legislation can be difficult to understand and apply in critical situations where patients may not be physically capable of autonomous control of confidential health information. Nurses are often the first to encounter confidential information about patients. OBJECTIVES: To explore critical care nurses' knowledge of federal and North Carolina state legislation regarding confidentiality. METHODS: This descriptive, qualitative study included 12 critical care nurses who were asked to describe their knowledge of federal confidentiality legislation and specific knowledge of North Carolina's confidentiality legislation...
May 2016: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
Julio Rubio Moreno
Although it seems that the issue of law and bioethics has been much debated today, still raising doubts and conflicts among the nursing staff on what their regulation must relationship between law and bioethics, or that we should know about informed consent and advance directive, if the Jehovah's Witnesses can refuse the treatments, and how these decisions affect the person and how it relates to the principle of autonomy, which are covered by a legal framework that gives greater freedom and autonomy to the patient's decision...
February 2016: Revista de Enfermería
Denise L Anthony, Timothy Stablein
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to explore different health care professionals' discourse about privacy - its definition and importance in health care, and its role in their day-to-day work. Professionals' discourse about privacy reveals how new technologies and laws challenge existing practices of information control within and between professional groups in health care, with implications not only for patient privacy, but also for the role of information control in professions more generally...
2016: Journal of Health Organization and Management
Mirian Cristina Dos Santos Almeida, Patricia Campos Pavan Baptista, Arlete Silva
OBJECTIVE: To identify the workloads present in the work activities of community health agents (CHAs) and the resulting strain processes. METHOD: A descriptive, exploratory, cross-sectional and quantitative study conducted with 137 CHAs. Data were collected through a questionnaire and interview guided by the health surveillance software called SIMOSTE (Health Monitoring System of Nursing Workers), following the ethical codes of the current law. RESULTS: In total, were identified 140 workloads involved in 122 strain processes, represented by the occurrence of health problems of the CHAs...
February 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
M Sait Dinc, Alma Huric
BACKGROUND: The performance of nurses has become vital in hospitals. Some studies have suggested that nurses' perceptions of the ethical climate in their hospitals are related to higher job satisfaction and organizational commitment and in turn lessen the issue of nursing shortage. HYPOTHESIS: (1) The ethical climate types "caring," "independent," "law and code," and "rules" have a significant positive impact on overall job satisfaction. (2) The ethical climate types and overall job satisfaction have significant positive influences on normative and affective and significant negative influences on continuance commitment...
March 18, 2016: Nursing Ethics
Montserrat Gea-Sánchez, Lourdes Terés-Vidal, Erica Briones-Vozmediano, Fidel Molina, Denise Gastaldo, Laura Otero-García
OBJECTIVE: To identify the ethical conflicts that may arise between the nursing codes of ethics and the Royal Decree-law 16/2012 modifying Spanish health regulations. METHOD: We conducted a review and critical analysis of the discourse of five nursing codes of ethics from Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain, Europe and International, and of the discourse of the Spanish legislation in force in 2013. Language structures referring to five different concepts of the theoretical framework of care were identified in the texts: equity, human rights, right to healthcare, access to care, and continuity of care...
May 2016: Gaceta Sanitaria
Shirmohammad Davoodvand, Abbas Abbaszadeh, Fazlollah Ahmadi
BACKGROUND: Spiritual development is one of the most important aspects of socialization that has attracted the attention of researchers. It is needed to train nursing student and novice nurses to provide high-quality care for patients. There is ambiguity in the definition of spiritual development and its relations, especially in the eastern countries. RESEARCH OBJECTIVES: To explore the concept of spiritual development in Iranian nurses. RESEARCH DESIGN: Qualitative content analysis approach...
February 21, 2016: Nursing Ethics
Selma Aparecida Lagrosa Garcia, Sidney Antonio Lagrosa Garcia, Umberto Gazi Lippi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate, with a qualitative approach, the role of Obstetric Nurses at the primary level of care given to women's health as a vital component of the multidisciplinary team, which today is fundamental for providing care, prevention as well as health education and promotion, especially in programs whose activities are geared towards primary care of pregnant, parturient, and puerpera women. METHODS: Brazilian laws and the determinations of Nursing Councils in reference to the activities of the obstetric nurse were researched, including the nurse's responsibilities and limits...
June 2010: Einstein
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