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law and ethics in nursing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446090/law-and-ethics-in-nursing-and-healthcare-an-introduction-avery-graham-law-and-ethics-in-nursing-and-healthcare-an-introduction-392pp-%C3%A2-26-99-sage-9781412961745-1412961742-formula-see-text
#1
(no author information available yet)
The aim of this book, now in its second edition, is to deliver the main concepts of law and ethics in an easy-to-read style.
April 27, 2017: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443357/informed-consent-and-the-aftermath-of-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-ethical-considerations
#2
Pamela Bjorklund, Denise M Lund
BACKGROUND: Patients often are confronted with the choice to allow cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) should cardiac arrest occur. Typically, informed consent for CPR does not also include detailed discussion about survival rates, possible consequences of survival, and/or potential impacts on functionality post-CPR. OBJECTIVE: A lack of communication about these issues between providers and patients/families complicates CPR decision-making and highlights the ethical imperative of practice changes that educate patients and families in those deeper and more detailed ways...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439962/balancing-task-focus-and-relationship-building-asking-sleepy-patients-about-traffic-risk-in-treatment-initiation-consultations
#3
Clara Iversen, Anders Broström, Martin Ulander
BACKGROUND: The use of traffic risk assessment questions is an understudied area in nursing research. Obstructive sleep apnoea is associated with an increased risk of traffic accidents. Therefore, traffic safety authorities demand adherent continuous positive airway pressure use. Nurses act as coaches to achieve treatment adherence, but they are also obliged to act as state agents by prohibiting obstructive sleep apnoea patients from drowsy driving. OBJECTIVE: To examine how nurses and obstructive sleep apnoea patients manage traffic risk assessment questions in the relation-building context of treatment initiation consultations...
April 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429997/attitudes-toward-cognitive-enhancer-use-among-new-zealand-tertiary-students
#4
Sanyogita Sanya Ram, Safeera Hussainy, Marcus Henning, Kay Stewart, Maree Jensen, Bruce Russell
BACKGROUND: Cognitive enhancement is the use of prescription stimulant medicines by healthy individuals for nonmedical use in academic settings. Commonly used cognitive enhancers (CEs) include methylphenidate, amphetamines, and modafinil. To understand the motivation to use CEs, it is important to look beyond prevalence and explore the extent to which attitudes, beliefs, and intentions predict the decision to use CEs. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to investigate what factors explain the decision to use CEs among tertiary students in New Zealand, using the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB)...
April 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422621/historic-leadership-one-courageous-school-nurse-s-heroic-journey-part-3
#5
Ellen F Johnsen, Katherine J Pohlman
School nursing practice establishes itself in the midst of both education and nursing philosophies, ethics, standards, laws, and regulations. Treading these two worlds is difficult at times and requires that a school nurse possess a strong foundational knowledge base, seek professional collaboration, and navigate conflicting professional demands in order to promote student and public safety. This article is Part 3 of a four-part series that recounts the inspiring story of a school nurse, Ellen Johnsen, who did just that back in the 1980s in Broken Arrow, Oklahoma...
May 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408466/-best-interests-in-paediatric-intensive-care-an-empirical-ethics-study
#6
Giles Birchley, Rachael Gooberman-Hill, Zuzana Deans, James Fraser, Richard Huxtable
OBJECTIVE: In English paediatric practice, English law requires that parents and clinicians agree the 'best interests' of children and, if this is not possible, that the courts decide. Court intervention is rare and the concept of best interests is ambiguous. We report qualitative research exploring how the best interests standard operates in practice, particularly with decisions related to planned non-treatment. We discuss results in the light of accounts of best interests in the medical ethics literature...
April 13, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383624/use-of-corneas-for-transplant-after-self-inflicted-eyeballs-enucleation-in-the-italian-law
#7
G Montanari Vergallo, E Pacella, A Di Luca, N M Di Luca, R Cecchi, E Marinelli
The authors analyze from an ethical and legal point of view the case of a 37 year old man, hospitalized for four days because of a 'dissociative syndrome', who had introduced in both his orbits a portable radio antenna. Most likely, he completed the self-enuclation using his own hands. He was brought to the Ophtalmic Hospital by nurses who handed the two eyeballs to the physicians who ascertained that the corneas were intact. Then, they performed the conservative extraction. In the following days those corneas were transplanted (keratoplasty) on two subjects on the waiting list at that hospital...
March 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351881/mjustice-preliminary-development-of-a-mobile-app-for-medical-forensic-documentation-of-sexual-violence-in-low-resource-environments-and-conflict-zones
#8
Ranit Mishori, Michael Anastario, Karen Naimer, Sucharita Varanasi, Hope Ferdowsian, Dori Abel, Kevin Chugh
Digital health development and use has been expansive and operationalized in a variety of settings and modalities around the world, including in low- and middle-income countries. Mobile applications have been developed for a variety of health professionals and frontline health workers including physicians, midwives, nurses, and community health workers. However, there are no published studies on the development and use of digital health related to human rights fieldwork and to our knowledge no mobile health platforms exist specifically for use by frontline health workers to forensically and clinically document sexual violence...
March 24, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351259/law-and-ethics-in-nursing-and-healthcare-an-introduction-second-edition-avery-graham-law-and-ethics-in-nursing-and-healthcare-an-introduction-second-edition-392pp-%C3%A2-26-99-sage-9781412961745-1412961742-formula-see-text
#9
(no author information available yet)
This book aims to deliver key concepts of law and ethics in an easy-to-read style. In an area of healthcare that is fraught with rapid changes, challenges and misunderstandings, the author achieves this.
March 29, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225664/historic-leadership
#10
Ellen F Johnsen, Katherine J Pohlman
School nursing practice establishes itself in the midst of both education and nursing philosophies, ethics, standards, laws, and regulations. Treading these two worlds is difficult at times and requires that a school nurse possess a strong foundational knowledge base, seek professional collaboration, and navigate conflicting professional demands in order to promote student and public safety. This article is Part 2 of a four-part series that recounts the inspiring story of a school nurse, Ellen Johnsen, who did just that back in the 1980s in Broken Arrow, Oklahoma...
March 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155775/oral-health-and-the-nurse%C3%A2-s-role-in-qu%C3%A3-bec
#11
Hermina Harnagea
Various international health care organizations strongly recommend the implication of non-dental health care professionals in oral health. Consequently, nurses are currently often required to question their ability to manage patients’ oral health-related problems, as well as the very meaning of their management of patients in such situations. The purpose of this paper is to draw attention to the role of the nurse in the management of oral health. Professional associations and academic institutions involved in the development of nursing professional skills, and health policymakers involved in decisions concerning the geographical distribution of nursing personnel and adoption of laws in Quebec, act in a disconnected manner, independently from dental professionals and without taking into account the actual oral health care needs of the various categories of beneficiaries...
December 19, 2016: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124808/respecting-variations-in-embodiment-as-well-as-gender-beyond-the-presumed-binary-of-sex
#12
Elizabeth M Saewyc
Although societies and health care systems are increasingly recognizing gender outside traditional binary categories, the notion persists of two, and only two sexes, 'naturally' aligned between chromosomes and phenotypic body. Yet there are more than a dozen documented genetic or phenotypic variations that do not completely fit the two simplistic categories, and together, they may comprise 1%-2% of the population worldwide. In this commentary, I consider how adherence to binary notions of sex has created and maintained social and health care structures that perpetuate health care inequities, and may well violate our nursing codes of ethics...
January 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077830/-path-analysis-of-the-influence-of-hospital-ethical-climate-perceived-by-nurses-on-supervisor-trust-and-organizational-effectiveness
#13
Yoon Goo Noh, Myun Sook Jung
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the paths of influence that a hospital's ethical climate exerts on nurses' organizational commitment and organizational citizenship behavior, with supervisor trust as the mediating factor, and verify compatibility of the models in hospital nurses. METHODS: The sample consisted of 374 nurses recruited from four hospitals in 3 cities in Korea. The measurements included the Ethical Climate Questionnaire, Supervisor Trust Questionnaire, Organizational Commitment Questionnaire and Organizational Citizenship Behavior Questionnaire...
December 2016: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041869/-palliative-care-after-neonatal-intensive-care-contributions-of-leonetti-law-and-remaining-challenges
#14
P Kuhn, L Dillenseger, N Cojean, B Escande, C Zores, D Astruc
The 2005 enactment of the "Patients' rights and end-of-life care" act, known as the Leonetti law, has been accompanied by practical changes in the processes of withdrawal and withholding of active life-sustaining treatments. This law has also promoted the implementation of palliative care in perinatal medicine to avoid unreasonable therapeutic interventions and to preserve the dying patient's quality of life and human dignity. Recently, a new law has been voted by the French National Assembly and new reflections on the ethical aspects of the end of life in neonatal medicine should resume again within the French Society of Neonatology in the working group on ethical issues in neonatology...
February 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033072/historic-leadership
#15
Ellen F Johnsen, Katherine J Pohlman
School nursing practice establishes itself in the midst of both education and nursing philosophies, ethics, standards, laws, and regulations. Treading these two worlds is difficult at times and requires that a school nurse possess a strong foundational knowledge base, seek professional collaboration, and navigate conflicting professional demands in order to promote student and public safety. This article is Part 1 of a four-part series that recounts the inspiring story of a school nurse, Ellen Johnsen, who did just that back in the 1980s in Broken Arrow, Oklahoma...
January 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027674/ethical-decision-making-regarding-infant-viability
#16
Janet Kelly, Emma Welch
BACKGROUND: There are no universally agreed rules of healthcare ethics. Ethical decisions and standards tend to be linked to professional codes of practice when dealing with complex issues. OBJECTIVES: This paper aims to explore the ethical complexities on who should decide to give infants born on the borderline of viability lifesaving treatment, parents or the healthcare professionals. METHOD: The paper is a discussion using the principles of ethics, professional codes of practice from the UK, Nursing Midwifery Council and UK legal case law and statute...
January 1, 2016: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898287/international-association-for-hospice-and-palliative-care-position-statement-euthanasia-and-physician-assisted-suicide
#17
Liliana De Lima, Roger Woodruff, Katherine Pettus, Julia Downing, Rosa Buitrago, Esther Munyoro, Chitra Venkateswaran, Sushma Bhatnagar, Lukas Radbruch
BACKGROUND: Reports about regulations and laws on Euthanasia and Physician Assisted Suicide (PAS) are becoming increasingly common in the media. Many groups have expressed opposition to euthanasia and PAS while those in favor argue that severely chronically ill and debilitated patients have a right to control the timing and manner of their death. Others argue that both PAS and euthanasia are ethically legitimate in rare and exceptional cases. Given that these discussions as well as the new and proposed laws and regulations may have a powerful impact on patients, caregivers, and health care providers, the International Association for Hospice and Palliative Care (IAHPC) has prepared this statement...
January 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679538/ethical-climate-and-missed-nursing-care-in-cancer-care-units
#18
Stavros Vryonides, Evridiki Papastavrou, Andreas Charalambous, Panayiota Andreou, Christos Eleftheriou, Anastasios Merkouris
BACKGROUND: Previous research has linked missed nursing care to nurses' work environment. Ethical climate is a part of work environment, but the relationship of missed care to different types of ethical climate is unknown. RESEARCH OBJECTIVES: To describe the types of ethical climate in adult in-patient cancer care settings, and their relationship to missed nursing care. RESEARCH DESIGN: A descriptive correlation design was used. Data were collected using the Ethical Climate Questionnaire and the MISSCARE survey tool, and analyzed with descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation and analysis of variance...
September 27, 2016: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612453/stigmatized-by-association-challenges-for-abortion-service-providers-in-ghana
#19
Patience Aniteye, Beverley O'Brien, Susannah H Mayhew
BACKGROUND: Unsafe abortion is an issue of public health concern and contributes significantly to maternal morbidity and mortality globally. Abortion evokes religious, moral, ethical, socio-cultural and medical concerns which mean it is highly stigmatized and this poses a threat to both providers and researchers. This study sought to explore challenges to providing safe abortion services from the perspective of health providers in Ghana. METHODS: A descriptive qualitative study using in-depth interviews was conducted...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570793/-prefacing-the-script-as-an-ethical-response-to-state-mandated-abortion-counseling
#20
Mara Buchbinder, Dragana Lassiter, Rebecca Mercier, Amy Bryant, Anne Drapkin Lyerly
BACKGROUND: Laws governing abortion provision are proliferating throughout the United States, yet little is known about how these laws affect providers. We investigated the experiences of abortion providers in North Carolina practicing under the 2011 Women's Right to Know Act, which mandates that women receive counseling with specific, state-prescribed information at least 24 hours prior to an abortion. We focus here on a subset of the data to examine one strategy by which providers worked to minimize moral conflicts generated by the counseling procedure...
2016: AJOB Empirical Bioethics
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