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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346184/synergistic-impact-of-training-followed-by-on-site-support-on-hiv-clinical-practice-a-mixed-design-study-in-uganda-with-pre-post-and-cluster-randomized-trial-components
#1
Sarah Burnett, Norbert Mubiru, Peace Imani, Martin K Mbonye, Leigh Fisher, Robert Colebunders, Yukari C Manabe, Marcia R Weaver
BACKGROUND: Task-shifting can expand antiretroviral therapy access, but little is known about effective approaches to improve clinical practice among mid-level practitioners' (MLP) such as clinical officers, nurses, and midwives. The Integrated Infectious Diseases Capacity-Building Evaluation compared training alone to training combined with on-site support (OSS). METHODS: Two MLP each from 36 health facilities attended the five-week Integrated Management of Infectious Disease training...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341201/diversity-in-cancer-care-exploring-social-categories-in-encounters-between-healthcare-professionals-and-breast-cancer-patients
#2
Nanna Nyholm, Ida Halvorsen, Anna Mygind, Ulla Christensen, Maria Kristiansen
BACKGROUND: The burden of breast cancer is a key challenge for women's health globally. Rehabilitation needs and strategies for living with long-term consequences of breast cancer and its treatment cannot be isolated from the social contexts of patients, including relationships with relatives and healthcare professionals. AIM: This study explores how healthcare professionals' categorisations engage with breast cancer patients' social identities in encounters about rehabilitation before hospital discharge...
January 17, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341094/implementing-a-perioperative-nursing-student-summer-internship
#3
Janice Nash, Teya C Kamel, Joanne Sherer, Kathleen Nauer
Using qualitative research and a collaborative academic service partnership, we created an innovative 120-hour perioperative nursing summer internship for eight undergraduate nursing students in 2016. Recognizing that perioperative exposure is limited in the traditional baccalaureate program, this unpaid internship served to clarify student perceptions of perioperative nursing care and encourage graduates to meet perioperative workforce demands. We based the theoretical and practical student learning experiences on the AORN Periop 101 learning modules and included faculty-led discussions, student journaling, and onsite precepted clinical activities...
January 2018: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328356/factor-structure-of-the-eating-disorder-examination-questionnaire-in-a-clinical-sample-of-adult-women-with-anorexia-nervosa
#4
Kathryn E Phillips, Karen M Jennings, Matthew Gregas
An exploratory factor analysis on the Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q) is presented for a clinical sample of women with anorexia nervosa. THE EDE-Q was completed by 169 participants after admission to an inpatient unit for eating disorders. Results of the current study did not support the four-factor model presented by the EDE-Q. A new four-factor solution was obtained with two factors showing similarity to the Restraint and Eating Concern subscales of the original model. The Shape and Weight Concern items primarily loaded together on one factor, along with preoccupation with food and fear of losing control over eating, two Eating Concern items...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317012/prehospital-identification-of-patients-with-a-final-hospital-diagnosis-of-stroke
#5
Elin Andersson, Linda Bohlin, Johan Herlitz, Annelie J Sundler, Zoltán Fekete, Magnus Andersson Hagiwara
Introduction the early phase of stroke, minutes are critical. Since the majority of patients with stroke are transported by the Emergency Medical Service (EMS), the early handling and decision making by the EMS clinician is important. Problem The study aim was to evaluate the frequency of a documented suspicion of stroke by the EMS nurse, and to investigate differences in the clinical signs of stroke and clinical assessment in the prehospital setting among patients with regard to if there was a documented suspicion of stroke on EMS arrival or not, in patients with a final hospital diagnosis of stroke...
January 10, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259064/bleeding-risk-in-patients-using-oral-anticoagulants-submitted-to-surgical-procedures-in-dentistry-a-systematic-review-protocol
#6
Rogério Heládio Lopes Motta, Cristiane de Cássia Bergamaschi, Natalia Karol de Andrade, Caio Chaves Guimaraes, Juliana Cama Ramacciato, Jimmy de Oliveira Araújo, Luciane Cruz Lopes
INTRODUCTION: The management of patients undergoing oral surgical procedures using anticoagulants raises concerns regarding the risk of bleeding. Bleeding rates in those patients during or after oral surgical procedures are uncertain. The aim of this study will be to determine the bleeding rate during and after oral surgeries in patients using anticoagulants. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A systematic review will be conducted and if appropriate, a meta-analysis of randomised clinical trials evaluating the bleeding risk during and after oral surgical procedures in patients using anticoagulants were selected...
December 19, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246088/a-spoonful-of-care-ethics-the-challenges-of-enriching-medical-education
#7
Eva van Reenen, Inge van Nistelrooij
BACKGROUND: Nursing Ethics has featured several discussions on what good care comprises and how to achieve good care practices. We should "nurse" ethics by continuously reflecting on the way we "do" ethics, which is what care ethicists have been doing over the past few decades and continue to do so. Ethics is not limited to nursing but extends to all caring professions. In 2011, Elin Martinsen argued in this journal that care should be included as a core concept in medical ethical terminology because of "the harm to which patients may be exposed owing to a lack of care in the clinical encounter," specifically between doctors and patients...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218814/knowledge-compliance-with-good-clinical-practices-and-barriers-to-effective-control-of-postoperative-pain-among-nurses-from-hospitals-with-and-without-a-hospital-without-pain-certificate
#8
Lucyna Tomaszek, Grażyna Dębska
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: (1) To compare knowledge and compliance with good clinical practices regarding control of postoperative pain among nurses employed at hospitals with and without a "Hospital without Pain" certificate. (2) To identify the determinants of nurses' knowledge. (3) To define barriers to effective control of postoperative pain. BACKGROUND: Only a slight improvement in postoperative pain control has been observed recently, if any. Implementation of good clinical practices in the control of postoperative pain requires involvement of nurses...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215163/transparency-in-the-reporting-of-nursing-research
#9
EDITORIAL
Graeme D Smith, Leslie Gelling, Carol Haigh, Sue Barnason, Helen Allan, Kay Penny, Debra Jackson
Recently, the integrity of reporting nursing research studies has been brought into question, with claims that less than half of clinical trials published in leading nursing journals are officially registered (Gray et al 2017). These authors suggest that because of this, the quality of published outcome analysis definitions and trial registrations in nursing journals is often sub- optimal. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
December 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210483/the-position-of-reporting-guidelines-in-qualitative-nursing-research
#10
EDITORIAL
Graeme D Smith, Leslie Gelling, Carol Haigh, Sue Barnason, Helen Allan, Debra Jackson
In recent years, there has been a growing acceptance that reporting guidelines are effective in improving the communication of research methods and findings, providing a more transparent and rigorous account of the design and procedures of research (Altman & Moher 2014). Academic journals play a key role in helping to increase the overall quality of research literature by demanding full and transparent reporting (Altman & Simera 2014). In the Journal of Clinical Nursing, we strive to disseminate the highest quality original research to a wide audience of nurse academics, clinical nurses, researchers and policy makers...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205082/energetic-modalities-as-a-self-care-technique-to-reduce-stress-in-nursing-students
#11
Deborah Kramer
This article describes the outcomes of nursing students taking a course in complementary and alternative therapies focusing on energetic modalities that were used as a means of self-care. Students kept journal logs and did a formal presentation for the class. Nursing students reported decreased stress and improved concentration, academic performance, productivity, and problem-solving while experiencing a greater appreciation of their clinical experiences. Using Therapeutic Touch and other subtle energy interactions, the students also cited improved interpersonal relationships, increased feelings of calmness, a higher degree of self-awareness and self-care, reduced physical pain, increased energy, and greater appreciation of the world around them...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185627/strategies-for-enhancing-the-implementation-of-school-based-policies-or-practices-targeting-risk-factors-for-chronic-disease
#12
REVIEW
Luke Wolfenden, Nicole K Nathan, Rachel Sutherland, Sze Lin Yoong, Rebecca K Hodder, Rebecca J Wyse, Tessa Delaney, Alice Grady, Alison Fielding, Flora Tzelepis, Tara Clinton-McHarg, Benjamin Parmenter, Peter Butler, John Wiggers, Adrian Bauman, Andrew Milat, Debbie Booth, Christopher M Williams
BACKGROUND: A number of school-based policies or practices have been found to be effective in improving child diet and physical activity, and preventing excessive weight gain, tobacco or harmful alcohol use. Schools, however, frequently fail to implement such evidence-based interventions. OBJECTIVES: The primary aims of the review are to examine the effectiveness of strategies aiming to improve the implementation of school-based policies, programs or practices to address child diet, physical activity, obesity, tobacco or alcohol use...
November 29, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178832/is-the-information-of-systematic-reviews-published-in-nursing-journals-up-to-date-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Wilson W S Tam, Kenneth K H Lo, Parames Khalechelvam, Joey Seah, Shawn Y S Goh
BACKGROUND: An up-to-date systematic review is important for researchers to decide whether to embark on new research or continue supporting ongoing studies. The aim of this study is to examine the time taken between the last search, submission, acceptance and publication dates of systematic reviews published in nursing journals. METHODS: Nursing journals indexed in Journal Citation Reports were first identified. Thereafter, systematic reviews published in these journals in 2014 were extracted from three databases...
November 25, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177454/factors-influencing-the-activation-of-the-rapid-response-system-for-clinically-deteriorating-patients-by-frontline-ward-clinicians-a-systematic-review
#14
Wei Ling Chua, Min Ting Alicia See, Helena Legio-Quigley, Daryl Jones, Augustine Tee, Sok Ying Liaw
Purpose: To synthesize factors influencing the activation of the rapid response system (RRS) and reasons for suboptimal RRS activation by ward nurses and junior physicians. Data sources: Nine electronic databases were searched for articles published between January 1995 and January 2016 in addition to a hand-search of reference lists and relevant journals. Study selection: Published primary studies conducted in adult general ward settings and involved the experiences and views of ward nurses and/or junior physicians in RRS activation were included...
November 21, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170309/12%C3%A2-a-multi-centre-randomised-feasibility-study-evaluating-the-impact-of-a-prognostic-model-for-management-of-blunt-chest-wall-trauma-patients-stumbl-trial
#15
Ceri Battle, Hayley Hutchings, Zoe Abbott, Claire O'neill, Sam Groves, Alan Watkins, Fiona Lecky, Sally Jones, James Gagg, Rick Body, Phillip Evans
INTRODUCTION: A new prognostic model has been developed and externally validated, the aim of which is to assist in the management of the blunt chest wall trauma patient in the Emergency Department (ED). A definitive randomised controlled trial (impact trial), is required to assess the clinical and cost effectiveness of the new model, before it can be accepted in clinical practice. The purpose of this trial is to assess the feasibility and acceptability of such a definitive trial and inform its design...
December 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170283/local-anaesthetics-combined-with-vasoconstrictors-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease-undergoing-dental-procedures-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#16
Caio Chaves Guimaraes, Rogério Heládio Lopes Motta, Cristiane de Cássia Bergamaschi, Jimmy de Oliveira Araújo, Natalia Karol de Andrade, Mabel Fernandes Figueiró, Juliana Cama Ramacciato, Luciane Cruz Lopes
INTRODUCTION: The use of vasoconstrictors combined with local anaesthetics (LAs) in dentistry for patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) is still controversial in the scientific literature. It raises concerns regarding the possibility of transient episodes, triggering negative cardiovascular outcomes. METHOD/DESIGN: Trials eligible for our systematic review will enrol patients with CVD who have undergone dental treatments carried out with the use of LAs by comparing two arms: LAs with vasoconstrictors and LAs without vasoconstrictors...
November 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144997/examination-of-a-therapeutic-recreation-based-clinical-placement-for-undergraduate-nursing-students-a-self-determined-perspective
#17
Dana Perlman, Ellie Taylor, Lorna Moxham, Susan Sumskis, Christopher Patterson, Renee Brighton, Tim Heffernan
Nursing students across the globe are expected to undertake clinical placements. To date, there have been no studies that have examined the potential educational benefits for undergraduate nursing students engaged in a mental health clinical placement grounded in self-determination theory. The present study examined the experiences of undergraduate students engaged in a mental health clinical placement termed Recovery Camp. An ethnographic methodology within a case study approach was used. The researchers were immersed in the clinical placement, which took place at a YMCA camp facility...
November 10, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140886/safety-of-venipuncture-sites-at-the-cubital-fossa-as-assessed-by-ultrasonography
#18
Kanae Mukai, Yukari Nakajima, Tomotaka Nakano, Manami Okuhira, Aya Kasashima, Rina Hayashi, Misaki Yamashita, Tamae Urai, Toshio Nakatani
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present observational study was to identify safe and suitable venipuncture sites for nursing in the clinical setting using ultrasonography to measure the depth and cross-sectional area of each superficial vein before and after tourniquet application as well as the distance between each superficial vein and the median nerve or brachial artery. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty healthy volunteers (21.8 [0.6] y) were recruited. The visible rate of each superficial vein before and after tourniquet application was 65% for the basilic vein, 90% to 95% for the median cubital vein, and 65% to 80% for the cephalic vein...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121818/reporting-of-ethical-considerations-in-clinical-trials-in-chinese-nursing-journals
#19
Yanni Wu, Michelle Howarth, Chunlan Zhou, Xue Ji, Jiexia Ou, Xiaojin Li
BACKGROUND: It is acknowledged that publishers now require all primary research papers to demonstrate that they have obtained ethical approval for their research. OBJECTIVES: To assess the rate of reporting of ethical approval in clinical trials in core nursing journals in mainland China. RESEARCH DESIGN: A retrospective observational study. PARTICIPANTS: All clinical trials published in all of the 12 core nursing periodicals from 2016 edition China Science and Technology Journal Citation Report (core version) between 2013 and 2016 were retrieved by hand to explicate rate of reporting ethical approval and informed consent...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120265/do-journal-clubs-work-the-effectiveness-of-journal-clubs-in-a-clinical-pastoral-education-residency-program
#20
David Fleenor, Vanshdeep Sharma, Jo Hirschmann, Heidi Swarts
Journal clubs are an established means of ongoing learning in medicine. Beginning with physicians in the nineteenth century, journal clubs have gradually become established in nursing and other allied health professions. However, their use in Clinical Pastoral Education (CPE) is relatively new. We describe the creation of a journal club for CPE residents and discuss the lessons learned from this effort. Over two years, a journal club was conducted with two different cohorts of residents. Residents were surveyed regarding the perceived strengths and weaknesses of the journal club and their recommendations for improvement...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy
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