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journal of clinical nursing

Kelvin I Afrashtehfar, Elham Emami, Motahareh Ahmadi, Samer Abi-Nader, Faleh Tamimi
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: No knowledge synthesis exists concerning when to use a direct restoration versus a complete-coverage indirect restoration in posterior vital teeth. PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review was to identify the failure rate of conventional single-unit tooth-supported restorations in posterior permanent vital teeth as a function of remaining tooth structure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Four databases were searched electronically, and 8 selected journals were searched manually up to February 2015...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
J E Isenor, N T Edwards, T A Alia, K L Slayter, D M MacDougall, S A McNeil, S K Bowles
BACKGROUND: Underutilization of vaccination programs remains a significant public health concern. Pharmacists serve as educators, facilitators, and in some jurisdictions, as administrators of vaccines. Though pharmacists have been involved with immunizations in various ways for many years, there has yet to be a systematic review assessing the impact of pharmacists as immunizers in these three roles. OBJECTIVE: To complete a systematic review of the literature on the impact of pharmacists as educators, facilitators, and administrators of vaccines on immunization rates...
November 11, 2016: Vaccine
Amanda Olson, Stephanie Reiland, Susan Davies, Amy Reitmaier Koehler
Preparing nursing students to work effectively with older adults is an important element of undergraduate nursing education. Reflective journals written as course assignments represent a source of data about students' learning. The aim of this study was to analyze nursing students' reflective journals based on conversations with community-dwelling older adults, to identify learning in relation to experiences of living with a chronic condition. This was one element of a wider study to evaluate learning partnerships between community dwelling older adults and nursing students as an alternative to traditional clinical placements in long-term care settings...
October 17, 2016: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
Basil H Aboul-Enein, Joshua Bernstein, Jacquelyn E Bowser
There is a positive association between availability of regional peer-reviewed public health information systems and progressive change in community and population health. The objective of this brief report was to identify public health journals in Arabic-speaking countries actively publishing as of 2016. We conducted an electronic search in several electronic database records for public health journals using a combination of search terms. We excluded journals that focused on human medicine, veterinary medicine, nursing, and other discipline-specific or clinical health professions...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
Neeraj Nagpal
Physicians and Internists in India have tended to brush under the carpet legal issues affecting their profession. Of concern to all Physicians is the judgment in a recent case where the NCDRC has stated that if MD Medicine Physicians write Physician & Cardiologist on their letterhead it is Quackery. What is MD Medicine degree holder in India qualified and trained to treat ? These are issues which need debate and that can only be initiated once we recognize that there is a problem. Either an MD Medicine is a cardiologist or he is not...
February 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Sube Banerjee, Nicolas Farina, Stephanie Daley, Wendy Grosvenor, Leila Hughes, Molly Hebditch, Sophie Mackrell, Ramin Nilforooshan, Chris Wyatt, Kay de Vries, Inam Haq, Juliet Wright
OBJECTIVES: Traditional healthcare education, delivered through a series of time-limited clinical placements, often fails to deliver an understanding of the experiences of those with long-term conditions, a growing issue for healthcare systems. Responses include longitudinal integrated clerkships and senior mentor programmes allowing students' longer placements, continuity of contact and opportunities to learn about chronic illness and patient experience. We review their development and delivery in dementia and present the Time for Dementia (TFD) Programme, a novel 2-year interdisciplinary educational programme...
October 10, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Tanya E Davison, Marita P McCabe, Michael Bird, David Mellor, Sarah MacPherson, David Hallford, Melissa Seedy, Daniel W O'Connor
The current study aimed to profile behaviors associated with dementia that pose management difficulties for staff and determine whether existing rating scales capture these reported behaviors. Staff in 17 nursing homes described the behavioral symptoms of 229 residents with predominantly moderate-severe dementia associated with management difficulties. Behaviors were categorized by an expert clinical panel and compared to items in four dementia behavior rating scales. Staff reported 59 discrete behavioral symptoms, with physically agitated, aggressive verbal, non-aggressive verbal, and aggressive physical behaviors most common, followed by resistance to care and inappropriate social and sexual behaviors...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
Kim J Curyto, Sue M McCurry, Katherine Luci, Bradley E Karlin, Linda Teri, Michele J Karel
HOW TO OBTAIN CONTACT HOURS BY READING THIS ARTICLE INSTRUCTIONS XX contact hours will be awarded by Villanova University College of Nursing upon successful completion of this activity. A contact hour is a unit of measurement that denotes 60 minutes of an organized learning activity. This is a learner-based activity. Villanova University College of Nursing does not require submission of your answers to the quiz. A contact hour certificate will be awarded once you register, pay the registration fee, and complete the evaluation form online at http://goo...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
Nancy M Birtley
Antipsychotic medications pose a significant risk to older adult patients with dementia and are frequently prescribed as first-line treatment for behaviors associated with dementia in skilled nursing facilities (SNFs). SNFs are often cited by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid for inappropriate antipsychotic medication use. The purpose of the current article is to communicate an evidence-based practice (EBP) clinical protocol that can guide clinicians away from prescribing antipsychotic medications in the treatment of dementia behaviors...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Mary LuAnne Lilly, Melinda Hermanns, Bill Crawley
In psychiatric-mental health, creating an innovative strategy to help students learn content that may not be frequently seen in a clinical setting is challenging. Thus, simulation helps narrow this gap. Using Kirkpatrick and Kirkpatrick's model of evaluation to guide the current study, faculty contacted baccalaureate nursing program graduates who completed a psychiatric-mental health clinical simulation scenario featuring a hanging suicide and wrist cutting suicide attempt scenario in the "Behind the Door" series as part of the clinical component of their undergraduate psychiatric-mental health course...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Robert H Howland
Methylene blue was the first synthetic drug ever used in medicine, having been used to treat clinical pain syndromes, malaria, and psychotic disorders more than one century ago. Methylene blue is a cationic thiazine dye with redox-cycling properties and a selective affinity for the nervous system. This drug also inhibits the activity of monoamine oxidase, nitric oxide synthase, and guanylyl cyclase, as well as tau protein aggregation; increases the release of neurotransmitters, such as serotonin and norepinephrine; reduces amyloid-beta levels; and increases cholinergic transmission...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Juana Oyanguren, Pedro María Latorre García, Jesús Torcal Laguna, Iñaki Lekuona Goya, Susana Rubio Martín, Elena Maull Lafuente, Gonzalo Grandes
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Heart failure management programs reduce hospitalizations. Some studies also show reduced mortality. The determinants of program success are unknown. The aim of the present study was to update our understanding of the reductions in mortality and readmissions produced by these programs, elucidate their components, and identify the factors determining program success. METHODS: Systematic literature review (1990-2014; PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane Library) and manual search of relevant journals...
October 2016: Revista Española de Cardiología
Annemarie de Vos, Jane-Murray Cramm, Jeroen D H van Wijngaarden, Ton J E M Bakker, Johan P Mackenbach, Anna P Nieboer
BACKGROUND: The Prevention and Reactivation Care Program (PReCaP) provides a novel approach targeting hospital-related functional decline among elderly patients. Despite the high expectations, the PReCaP was not effective in preventing functional decline (ADL and iADL) among older patients. Although elderly PReCaP patients demonstrated slightly better cognitive functioning (Mini Mental State Examination; 0.4 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.2-0.6]), lower depression (Geriatric Depression Scale 15; -0...
September 29, 2016: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
S Saraf-Bank, F Haghighatdoost, A Esmaillzadeh, B Larijani, L Azadbakht
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Nowadays, metabolic syndrome (MetS) is deemed as a major public health challenge in both developed and developing countries. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the association between Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI-2010) score and MetS and its features among Iranian female nurses. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed among 1036 Iranian women. A validated, self-administered, dish-based, semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire was used to assess the habitual intake of participants...
September 28, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Robert H Howland
Observational studies have suggested that antidepressant drug use is associated with a small but increased risk of intracranial bleeding. Because of the widespread use of antidepressant drugs and the potential public health significance of this finding, the current article critically evaluates the methodology and findings of a recently published observational study. Observational studies reveal associations, but cannot establish causality. Establishing causality from observed associations requires evidence from different scientific perspectives...
February 1, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Coleen Ranaghan, Kathleen Boyle, Maureen Meehan, Shadiatu Moustapha, Patrice Fraser, Catherine Concert
BACKGROUND: One approach to overcoming healthcare system barriers and facilitating timely access to quality care and patient satisfaction is with a patient navigator. A patient navigator is a trained person who individually assists patients, families and caregivers navigate the healthcare system barriers efficiently and effectively at any point along the care continuum, improving patient care at all levels of an organization. OBJECTIVES: To synthesize the best available evidence on the effectiveness of a patient navigator on patient satisfaction in adult patients 18 years and older in ambulatory care settings...
August 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
JuHee Lee, Yoonju Lee, SaeLom Gong, Juyeon Bae, Moonki Choi
BACKGROUND: Scientific framework is important in designing curricula and evaluating students in the field of education and clinical practice. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of non-traditional educational methods on critical thinking skills. METHODS: A systematic review approach was applied. Studies published in peer-reviewed journals from January 2001 to December 2014 were searched using electronic databases and major education journals...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Henry C Kitchener, Matthew Gittins, Oliver Rivero-Arias, Apostolos Tsiachristas, Margaret Cruickshank, Alastair Gray, Loretta Brabin, David Torgerson, Emma J Crosbie, Alexandra Sargent, Chris Roberts
BACKGROUND: Falling participation by young women in cervical screening has been observed at a time that has seen an increase in the incidence of cervical cancer in the UK in women aged < 35 years. Various barriers to screening have been documented, including fear, embarrassment and inconvenience. OBJECTIVES: To measure the feasibility, clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a range of interventions to increase the uptake of cervical screening among young women...
September 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Richard Gray, Ashish Badnapurkar, Dona Thomas
The AllTrials campaign (www . alltrials . net) challenges those of us who are involved in 'medical' (which includes nursing) research to ensure that all clinical trials are registered and all results are reported. The campaign is premised on the observation that the findings of around half of the clinical trials that have ever been undertaken have never been published, resulting in clinical decision making that is based on a biased evidence base. This also means that the risks taken by thousands of patients who consented to take part in an experiment was in vain...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Carrie Hoover, Joy Plamann, Jean Beckel
HOW TO OBTAIN CONTACT HOURS BY READING THIS ARTICLE INSTRUCTIONS XX contact hours will be awarded by Villanova University College of Nursing upon successful completion of this activity. A contact hour is a unit of measurement that denotes 60 minutes of an organized learning activity. This is a learner-based activity. Villanova University College of Nursing does not require submission of your answers to the quiz. A contact hour certificate will be awarded once you register, pay the registration fee, and complete the evaluation form online at http://goo...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
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