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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437320/development-of-a-claims-based-frailty-indicator-anchored-to-a-well-established-frailty-phenotype
#1
Jodi B Segal, Hsien-Yen Chang, Yu Du, Jeremy D Walston, Michelle C Carlson, Ravi Varadhan
BACKGROUND: Fried and colleagues described a frailty phenotype measured in the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS). This phenotype is manifest when ≥3 of the following are present: low grip strength, low energy, slowed waking speed, low physical activity, or unintentional weight loss. We sought to approximate frailty phenotype using only administrative claims data to enable frailty to be assessed without physical performance measures. STUDY DESIGN: We used the CHS cohort data linked to participants Medicare claims...
April 21, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436717/preparing-nursing-students-for-mental-health-care-the-impact-of-a-recovery-oriented-clinical-placement
#2
Dana Perlman, Christopher Patterson, Lorna Moxham, Ellie Taylor, Renee Brighton, Susan Sumskis, Tim Heffernan
The provision of mental health care has recently focused on the concept of recovery-oriented care. Clinical placements are important for imparting recovery-oriented knowledge and skills to students. However, it has been determined that not all clinical placements are beneficial for future nursing professionals. The aim of this study was to examine what elements of professional learning were facilitated by engagement in a recovery- and recreation-based clinical placement for pre-registration nursing students called Recovery Camp...
April 24, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434929/rising-to-the-challenge-of-promoting-research-in-primary-health-care-and-nursing-research-productivity-and-professional-view
#3
Nuria Giménez, Conxi Caro, Ester Ponsa, Ángel Mauricio Perez Ortiz, Inma Navazo, Montse Gavagnach
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the evolution of scientific production in a privately managed public institution, and to explore the perceptions of primary healthcare professionals with regard to research. METHOD: The institution includes a university hospital and 10 primary health centres, 673 physicians, and 747 nurses. A bibliometric analysis on scientific production was performed. A questionnaire was designed, with 5 sections (sociodemographic data, competences, needs, motivation and satisfaction s with research) and 40 items (scale of 1-10)...
April 20, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411287/impact-of-a-connected-care-model-on-30-day-readmission-rates-from-skilled-nursing-facilities
#4
Luke D Kim, Lei Kou, Bo Hu, Eiran Z Gorodeski, Michael B Rothberg
BACKGROUND: About one-fifth of hospitalized Medicare beneficiaries are discharged to skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) for post-acute care. Readmissions are common but interventions to reduce readmissions are scarce. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of a connected care model on 30-day hospital readmission rates among patients discharged to SNFs. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. SETTING: SNFs that receive referrals from an academic medical center in Cleveland, Ohio...
April 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409557/randomised-controlled-trial-of-silk-therapeutic-garments-for-the-management-of-atopic-eczema-in-children-the-clothes-trial
#5
Kim S Thomas, Lucy E Bradshaw, Tracey H Sach, Fiona Cowdell, Jonathan M Batchelor, Sandra Lawton, Eleanor F Harrison, Rachel H Haines, Amina Ahmed, Taraneh Dean, Nigel P Burrows, Ian Pollock, Hannah K Buckley, Hywel C Williams, Joanne Llewellyn, Clare Crang, Jane D Grundy, Juliet Guiness, Andrew Gribbin, Eileen V Wake, Eleanor J Mitchell, Sara J Brown, Alan A Montgomery
BACKGROUND: Atopic eczema (AE) is a chronic, itchy, inflammatory skin condition that affects the quality of life of children and their families. The role of specialist clothing in the management of AE is poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of silk garments for the management of AE in children with moderate to severe disease. DESIGN: Parallel-group, observer-blind, randomised controlled trial of 6 months' duration, followed by a 2-month observational period...
April 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399508/nurses-decision-making-in-ethically-relevant-clinical-situations-using-the-example-of-breathlessness-study-protocol-of-a-reflexive-grounded-theory-integrating-goffman-s-framework-analysis
#6
Christine Dunger, Martin W Schnell, Claudia Bausewein
INTRODUCTION: Decision-making (DM) in healthcare can be understood as an interactive process addressing decision makers' reasoning as well as their visible behaviour after the decision is made. Other key elements of DM are ethical aspects and the role as well as the treatment options of the examined professions. Nurses' DM to choose interventions in situations of severe breathlessness is such interactions. They are also ethically relevant regarding the vulnerability of affected patients and possible restrictions or treatment options...
February 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399318/suicide-ideation-in-older-adults-recovering-from-acute-conditions-in-a-clinical-recovery-facility
#7
Rui C Campos, Sara Santos, Margarida Piteira, Marta Abreu, Sofia Tavares
The aim of the current study was to assess suicide ideation in a sample of older adults recovering from acute conditions in a clinical recovery facility of the Portuguese Red Cross. Four indicators of suicide ideation were used. Clinical, contextual, and psychological variables-namely, previous suicide attempts, death of a family member by suicide, loneliness, and interpersonal needs-were also tested to determine whether they were related to suicide ideation. Findings show suicide ideation is frequent at admission and related to patients' previous suicide attempts...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383539/analysis-of-the-factors-that-influence-the-finnegan-neonatal-abstinence-scoring-system
#8
E Gomez-Pomar, A Christian, L Devlin, K T Ibonia, V A Concina, H Bada, P M Westgate
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate factors that can influence the Finnegan Neonatal Abstinence Score (FNAS). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of 367 patients admitted to two level IV neonatal intensive care units. Linear mixed effects models were developed to evaluate daily census, time of the day, and day of the week as fixed effect predictors. The degree of influence that nurses had on FNAS variability was also estimated. RESULTS: Bivariate analyses showed that daily census and the time of day have significant influence on the FNAS in institution 1, with minimal clinical significance...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358972/nurse-patient-and-care-partner-perceptions-of-a-personalized-safety-plan-screensaver
#9
Megan Duckworth, Emily Leung, Theresa Fuller, Jenzel Espares, Brittany Couture, Frank Chang, Alexandra C Businger, Sarah Collins, Anuj Dalal, Anne Fladger, Jeffrey L Schnipper, Kumiko O Schnock, David W Bates, Patricia C Dykes
A patient safety plan dashboard was developed that captures disparate data from the electronic health record that is then displayed as a personalized bedside screensaver. The dashboard aligns all care team members, including patients and families, in the safety plan. The screensaver content includes icons that pertain to common geriatric syndromes. In two phases, interviews were conducted with nurses, nursing assistants, patients, and informal caregivers in a large, tertiary care center. End user perceptions of the content and interface of the personalized safety plan screensavers were identified and strategies to overcome the barriers to use for future iterations were defined...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358971/nursing-home-medication-reconciliation-a-quality-improvement-initiative
#10
Monica Tong, Hye Young Oh, Jennifer Thomas, Sheila Patel, Jennifer L Hardesty, Nicole J Brandt
The current quality improvement initiative evaluated the medication reconciliation process within select nursing homes in Washington, DC. The identification of common types of medication discrepancies through monthly retrospective chart reviews of newly admitted patients in two different nursing homes were described. The use of high-risk medications, namely antidiabetic, anticoagulant, and opioid agents, was also recorded. A standardized spreadsheet tool based on multiple medication reconciliation implementation tool kits was created to record the information...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347624/efficacy-and-safety-of-normal-saline-instillation-and-paediatric-endotracheal-suction-an-integrative-review
#11
REVIEW
Jessica O'Leary, Marion L Mitchell, Marie Cooke, Andreas Schibler
OBJECTIVE: To synthesise research findings regarding the efficacy and safety of normal saline instillation (NSI) during endotracheal suction in the paediatric intensive care unit. DATA SOURCES: The Cochrane Library, PROSPERO, the National Health Service Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, PubMed and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health (CINAHL) databases were systematically searched. Subject headings included "suctioning, endotracheal", "suction", "sodium chloride", "normal saline" and "paediatrics"...
March 24, 2017: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327572/the-role-of-genetic-counsellors-in-genomic-healthcare-in-the-united-kingdom-a-statement-by-the-association-of-genetic-nurses-and-counsellors
#12
Anna Middleton, Peter Marks, Anita Bruce, Liwsi K Protheroe-Davies, Cath King, Oonagh Claber, Catherine Houghton, Claire Giffney, Rhona Macleod, Claire Dolling, Sue Kenwrick, Diana Scotcher, Georgina Hall, Christine Patch, Laura Boyes
In the United Kingdom, genetic counsellors work together with clinical geneticists and clinical scientist colleagues within specialist genetics services, but they also often work in multidisciplinary teams (MDTs) outside of such services. There, they contribute genetic knowledge together with expert understanding of how to communicate genetic information effectively. They can offer education and support to the MDT, while providing management advice for both affected patients and the extended at-risk family members...
March 22, 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287673/a-nurse-led-telehealth-program-to-improve-emotional-health-in-individuals-with-multiple-sclerosis
#13
Kiira Maureen Tietjen, Susan Breitenstein
Individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS) have many barriers to health care and participate in less health promotion activities than the general population. The current feasibility project was a trial implementation of an existing telehealth promotion program within a community neurology clinic with a single MS provider. The program comprised an initial face-to-face meeting followed by five scheduled telephone calls over a 12-week period. Progress was facilitated through motivational interviewing techniques and performed by a MS-certified nurse working as a nurse navigator in the clinic...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287671/genetic-testing-for-psychopharmacology-is-it-ready-for-prime-time
#14
Laura G Leahy
Genetic testing in psychiatric practice may be a beneficial adjunct to the nursing toolbox of considerations used to improve patient outcomes. Since 2004, the psychiatric community has used genotyping to personalize medication options for their patients. Although not a definitive or exact science, pharmacogenetic testing for psychopharmacological treatment options offers nurses and their patients insights into potential treatments that will reduce the current trial-and-error prescribing practices and more quickly improve patients' quality of life...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276847/individual-interpersonal-and-organisational-factors-of-healthcare-conflict-a-scoping-review
#15
Sara Kim, Naike Bochatay, Annemarie Relyea-Chew, Elizabeth Buttrick, Chris Amdahl, Laura Kim, Elise Frans, Matthew Mossanen, Azhar Khandekar, Ryan Fehr, Young-Mee Lee
Unresolved conflicts among healthcare professionals can lead to difficult patient care consequences. This scoping review examines the current healthcare literature that reported sources and consequences of conflict associated with individual, interpersonal, and organisational factors. We identified 99 articles published between 2001 and 2015 from PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Excerpta Medical Database. Most reviewed studies relied on healthcare professionals' perceptions and beliefs associated with conflict sources and consequences, with few studies reporting behavioural or organisational change outcomes...
May 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275251/peer-reviewed-public-health-journals-from-arabic-speaking-countries-an-updated-snapshot
#16
Basil H Aboul-Enein, Joshua Bernstein, Jacquelyn E Bowser
There is a positive association between availability of regional peer-reviewed public health information systems and progressive change in community and population health. The objective of this brief report was to identify public health journals in Arabic-speaking countries actively publishing as of 2016. We conducted an electronic search in several electronic database records for public health journals using a combination of search terms. We excluded journals that focused on human medicine, veterinary medicine, nursing, and other discipline-specific or clinical health professions...
February 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272592/-we-re-almost-guests-in-their-clinical-care-inpatient-provider-attitudes-toward-chronic-disease-management
#17
Saul Blecker, Talia Meisel, Victoria Vaughan Dickson, Donna Shelley, Leora I Horwitz
BACKGROUND: Many hospitalized patients have at least 1 chronic disease that is not optimally controlled. The purpose of this study was to explore inpatient provider attitudes about chronic disease management and, in particular, barriers and facilitators of chronic disease management in the hospital. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative study of semi-structured interviews of 31 inpatient providers from an academic medical center. We interviewed attending physicians, resident physicians, physician assistants, and nurse practitioners from various specialties about attitudes, experiences with, and barriers and facilitators towards chronic disease management in the hospital...
March 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272590/all-together-now-impact-of-a-regionalization-and-bedside-rounding-initiative-on-the-efficiency-and-inclusiveness-of-clinical-rounds
#18
Kristin T L Huang, Jacquelyn Minahan, Patricia Brita-Rossi, Patricia Aylward, Joel T Katz, Christopher Roy, Jeffrey L Schnipper, Robert Boxer
BACKGROUND: Attending rounds at academic medical centers are often disconnected from patients and team members who are not physicians. Regionalization of care teams may facilitate bedside rounding and more frequent interactions among doctors, nurses, and patients. OBJECTIVE: We used time-motion analysis to investigate how regionalization of medical teams and encouragement of bedside rounds affect participants on rounds and rounding time. DESIGN AND SETTING: We used pre-post analysis to study the effects of care redesign on teams' daily rounds on a general medicine service at an academic medical center...
March 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272588/the-impact-of-bedside-interdisciplinary-rounds-on-length-of-stay-and-complications
#19
Andrew S Dunn, Maria Reyna, Brian Radbill, Michael Parides, Claudia Colgan, Tobi Osio, Ari Benson, Nicole Brown, Joy Cambe, Margo Zwerling, Natalia Egorova, Harold Kaplan
BACKGROUND: Communication among team members within hospitals is typically fragmented. Bedside interdisciplinary rounds (IDR) have the potential to improve communication and outcomes through enhanced structure and patient engagement. OBJECTIVE: To decrease length of stay (LOS) and complications through the transformation of daily IDR to a bedside model. DESIGN: Controlled trial. SETTING: 2 geographic areas of a medical unit using a clinical microsystem structure...
March 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272535/european-registration-process-for-clinical-laboratory-geneticists-in-genetic-healthcare
#20
Thomas Liehr, Isabel M Carreira, Dilek Aktas, Egbert Bakker, Marta Rodríguez de Alba, Domenico A Coviello, Lina Florentin, Hans Scheffer, Martina Rincic
Tremendous progress in genetics and genomics led to a wide range of healthcare providers, genetic tests, and more patients who can benefit from these developments. To guarantee and improve the quality of genetic testing, a unified European-based registration for individuals qualified in biomedicine was realized. Therefore a Europe-wide recognition of the profession 'European registered Clinical Laboratory Geneticist (ErCLG)' based on a syllabus of core competences was established which allows for harmonization in professional education...
May 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
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