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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049074/physiology-and-role-of-intraocular-pressure-in-contemporary-anesthesia
#1
Dermot J Kelly, Sinéad M Farrell
More than 26 million Americans suffer with cataracts, and with 3.6 million cataract extractions performed annually in the United States, it is the most common surgical procedure. The integrity of the delicate structures of the eye that mediate vision is dependent on the intraocular pressure (IOP). Yet, IOP acts to compress the vessels within the globe-akin to a Starling resistor-and is a key component that determines the ocular perfusion pressure, defined as the difference between arterial pressure and IOP...
October 17, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045635/caregiving-spouses-and-the-experience-of-involuntary-separation
#2
Willow C Glasier, Kelly J Arbeau
Background and Objectives: We explored the meaning of the experience of involuntary separation, as defined formally by the Canadian government and informally by our participants, in formerly caregiving spouses whose partners had been admitted to long-term care. Our goal was to explore their lifeworld experience of separation, including factors influencing well-being as spouses shifted from at-home caregiving to involuntary separation. Research Design and Methods: Guided, semi-scripted personal interviews were conducted with 10 individuals who had become involuntarily separated up to 4 years prior to the interview...
October 13, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039025/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-contralateral-prophylactic-mastectomy-compared-to-unilateral-mastectomy-with-routine-surveillance-for-unilateral-sporadic-breast-cancer
#3
Robert C Keskey, A Scott LaJoie, Brad S Sutton, In K Kim, William G Cheadle, Kelly M McMasters, Nicolas Ajkay
BACKGROUND: Contralateral prophylactic mastectomy (CPM) rates in younger women with unilateral breast cancer have more than doubled. Studies of cost and quality of life of the procedure remain inconclusive. METHODS: A cost-effectiveness analysis using a decision-tree model in TreeAge Pro 2015 was used to compare long-term costs and quality of life following unilateral mastectomy (UM) with routine surveillance versus CPM for sporadic breast cancer in women aged 45 years...
October 16, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027622/minimally-invasive-techniques-for-lumbar-decompressions-and-fusions
#4
REVIEW
Ankur S Narain, Fady Y Hijji, Jonathan S Markowitz, Krishna T Kudaravalli, Kelly H Yom, Kern Singh
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this study is to summarize the recent literature investigating the use of minimally invasive (MIS) techniques in the treatment of lumbar degenerative stenosis, spondylolisthesis, and scoliosis. RECENT FINDINGS: MIS lumbar decompression and fusion techniques for degenerative pathology are associated with reduced operative morbidity, shortened length of hospital stay, and reduced postoperative pain and narcotics utilization. Recent studies with long-term clinical follow-up have demonstrated equivalence in clinical outcomes between open and MIS surgical procedures...
October 11, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024847/how-children-remember-the-strange-situation-the-role-of-attachment
#5
Yoojin Chae, Miranda Goodman, Gail S Goodman, Natalie Troxel, Kelly McWilliams, Ross A Thompson, Phillip R Shaver, Keith F Widaman
This study tested predictions from Bowlby's attachment theory about children's memory and suggestibility. Young children (3-5years old, N=88; 76% Caucasians) and their parents took part in the Strange Situation Procedure, a moderately distressing event and "gold standard" for assessing children's attachment quality. The children were then interviewed about what occurred during the event. Children's age and attachment security scores positively predicted correct information in free recall and accuracy in answering specific questions...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991018/clinical-nurse-specialist-driven-practice-change-standardizing-vital-sign-monitoring
#6
Kelly M Derby, Natalie A Hartung, Sherry L Wolf, Heather L Zak, Laura K Evenson
PURPOSE: The purpose of this project was to standardize vital sign (VS) monitoring throughout a patient's stay in the hospital, including at admission, following transitions to different levels of care, reassessment of abnormal VS results, daily monitoring, and before dismissal. The population of focus was adult general and progressive care patients. DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT: Standards for VS monitoring, documentation, and provider notification were established...
November 2017: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986267/neural-correlates-of-individuation-and-categorization-of-other-species-faces-in-infancy
#7
Kate C Dixon, Greg D Reynolds, Alexandra C Romano, Kelly C Roth, Alexa L Stumpe, Maggie W Guy, Sara M Mosteller
The goal of this study was to investigate 9-month-old infants' ability to individuate and categorize other-species faces at the subordinate level. We were also interested in examining the effects of initial exposure conditions on infant categorization and individuation processes. Infants were either familiarized with a single monkey face in an individuation procedure or familiarized with multiple exemplars of monkey faces from the same species in a categorization procedure. Event-related potentials were recorded while the infants were presented: familiar faces, novel faces from the familiar species, or novel faces from a novel species...
October 3, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984405/an-empirically-based-conceptual-framework-for-fostering-meaningful-patient-engagement-in-research
#8
Clayon B Hamilton, Alison M Hoens, Catherine L Backman, Annette M McKinnon, Shanon McQuitty, Kelly English, Linda C Li
BACKGROUND: Patient engagement in research (PEIR) is promoted to improve the relevance and quality of health research, but has little conceptualization derived from empirical data. OBJECTIVE: To address this issue, we sought to develop an empirically based conceptual framework for meaningful PEIR founded on a patient perspective. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative secondary analysis of in-depth interviews with 18 patient research partners from a research centre-affiliated patient advisory board...
October 6, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983138/algorithm-971-an-implementation-of-a-randomized-algorithm-for-principal-component-analysis
#9
Huamin Li, George C Linderman, Arthur Szlam, Kelly P Stanton, Yuval Kluger, Mark Tygert
Recent years have witnessed intense development of randomized methods for low-rank approximation. These methods target principal component analysis and the calculation of truncated singular value decompositions. The present article presents an essentially black-box, foolproof implementation for Mathworks' MATLAB, a popular software platform for numerical computation. As illustrated via several tests, the randomized algorithms for low-rank approximation outperform or at least match the classical deterministic techniques (such as Lanczos iterations run to convergence) in basically all respects: accuracy, computational efficiency (both speed and memory usage), ease-of-use, parallelizability, and reliability...
January 2017: ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982554/the-genetics-of-endophenotypes-of-neurofunction-to-understand-schizophrenia-genus-consortium-a-collaborative-cognitive-and-neuroimaging-genetics-project
#10
Gabriëlla A M Blokland, Elisabetta C Del Re, Raquelle I Mesholam-Gately, Jorge Jovicich, Joey W Trampush, Matcheri S Keshavan, Lynn E DeLisi, James T R Walters, Jessica A Turner, Anil K Malhotra, Todd Lencz, Martha E Shenton, Aristotle N Voineskos, Dan Rujescu, Ina Giegling, René S Kahn, Joshua L Roffman, Daphne J Holt, Stefan Ehrlich, Zora Kikinis, Paola Dazzan, Robin M Murray, Marta Di Forti, Jimmy Lee, Kang Sim, Max Lam, Rick P F Wolthusen, Sonja M C de Zwarte, Esther Walton, Donna Cosgrove, Sinead Kelly, Nasim Maleki, Lisa Osiecki, Marco M Picchioni, Elvira Bramon, Manuela Russo, Anthony S David, Valeria Mondelli, Antje A T S Reinders, M Aurora Falcone, Annette M Hartmann, Bettina Konte, Derek W Morris, Michael Gill, Aiden P Corvin, Wiepke Cahn, New Fei Ho, Jian Jun Liu, Richard S E Keefe, Randy L Gollub, Dara S Manoach, Vince D Calhoun, S Charles Schulz, Scott R Sponheim, Donald C Goff, Stephen L Buka, Sara Cherkerzian, Heidi W Thermenos, Marek Kubicki, Paul G Nestor, Erin W Dickie, Evangelos Vassos, Simone Ciufolini, Tiago Reis Marques, Nicolas A Crossley, Shaun M Purcell, Jordan W Smoller, Neeltje E M van Haren, Timothea Toulopoulou, Gary Donohoe, Jill M Goldstein, Larry J Seidman, Robert W McCarley, Tracey L Petryshen
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia has a large genetic component, and the pathways from genes to illness manifestation are beginning to be identified. The Genetics of Endophenotypes of Neurofunction to Understand Schizophrenia (GENUS) Consortium aims to clarify the role of genetic variation in brain abnormalities underlying schizophrenia. This article describes the GENUS Consortium sample collection. METHODS: We identified existing samples collected for schizophrenia studies consisting of patients, controls, and/or individuals at familial high-risk (FHR) for schizophrenia...
October 3, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973125/acute-psychosocial-stress-inhibits-lh-pulsatility-and-kiss1-neuronal-activation-in-female-mice
#11
Jennifer A Yang, Christopher I Song, Jessica Hughes, Michael J Kreisman, Ruby A Parra, Daniel J Haisenleder, Alexander S Kauffman, Kellie M Breen
Psychosocial stress, such as isolation and restraint, disrupts reproductive neuroendocrine activity. Here we investigate the impact of psychosocial stress on luteinizing hormone (LH) pulses and gene expression and neuronal activation within Rfrp and Kiss1 cells in female mice. Mice were ovariectomized and handled daily to habituate to the tail-tip blood collection procedure. Blood was collected every 5 min for 180 min for measurement of LH. After 90 min, stress animals were placed into restraint devices and isolated to new cages...
July 21, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972472/identifying-otosclerosis-with-aural-acoustical-tests-of-absorbance-group-delay-acoustic-reflex-threshold-and-otoacoustic-emissions
#12
Douglas H Keefe, Kelly L Archer, Kendra K Schmid, Denis F Fitzpatrick, M Patrick Feeney, Lisa L Hunter
BACKGROUND: Otosclerosis is a progressive middle-ear disease that affects conductive transmission through the middle ear. Ear-canal acoustic tests may be useful in the diagnosis of conductive disorders. This study addressed the degree to which results from a battery of ear-canal tests, which include wideband reflectance, acoustic stapedius muscle reflex threshold (ASRT), and transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs), were effective in quantifying a risk of otosclerosis and in evaluating middle-ear function in ears after surgical intervention for otosclerosis...
October 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971783/improving-the-quality-of-operative-reports-for-transurethral-resection-of-bladder-tumor-surgery-in-resident-education
#13
Joseph Haddad, Christopher Anderson, Jonathan Heinlen, Kelly Stratton, Adamantios Mellis, Harry Herr, Michael Cookson, Sanjay Patel
INTRODUCTION: To assess the quality of resident dictations for transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT). One indicator of surgical quality is the completeness of the operative report. Surprisingly, there is a paucity of standardized operative templates for TURBT and little formalized instruction for learners. The quality of TURBT dictations was assessed and areas of improvement were determined after implementation of a 10 item TURBT checklist. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of the last 50 TURBT operative reports dictated by residents was performed...
October 2017: Canadian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965236/severity-of-diverticulitis-in-patients-with-polycystic-kidney-disease-without-transplantation
#14
Maile E Parker, Kellie L Mathis, Scott R Kelley
BACKGROUND: Patients with polycystic kidney disease (PKD) who have had a kidney transplant have an increased risk of diverticular disease and complicated diverticulitis. Literature is limited regarding the severity of diverticulitis in patients with PKD who have not had a transplant. We aim to assess whether patients with PKD, with and without renal transplant, have a similar course of diverticulitis. METHODS: A retrospective review of all adult PKD patients at our institution diagnosed with diverticulitis between 2000 and 2016 was conducted...
September 30, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962092/twenty-year-review-of-a-single-surgeon-s-experience-using-a-unique-surgical-technique-to-correct-lambdoidal-synostosis
#15
Charles Rodriguez-Feo, Julian Winocour, Roberto Ramirez, Marcia Spear, Kevin Kelly
BACKGROUND: Numerous techniques for the surgical management of lambdoidal synostosis have been previously described; however, no best practice technique currently exists. Surgical procedures range from complete posterior calvarial reconstruction to distraction osteogenesis techniques. Our primary purpose is to describe a novel approach to correct unilateral or bilateral lambdoidal synostosis. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on a single surgeon's experience with craniosynostosis (1994-2014)...
October 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960546/early-recovery-following-lower-limb-arthroplasty-qualitative-interviews-with-patients-undergoing-elective-hip-and-knee-replacement-surgery-initial-phase-in-the-development-of-a-patient-reported-outcome-measure-prom
#16
Louise H Strickland, Laura Kelly, Thomas W Hamilton, David W Murray, Hemant G Pandit, Crispin Jenkinson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore the patients' perspective of surgery and early recovery when undergoing lower limb (hip or knee) arthroplasty. BACKGROUND: Lower limb arthroplasty is a commonly performed procedure for symptomatic arthritis which has not responded to conservative medical treatment. Each patients' perspective of the surgical process and early recovery period impacts on their quality of life. DESIGN: Open, semi-structured qualitative interviews were utilised to allow for a deeper understanding of the patient perspective when undergoing a hip or knee arthroplasty...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959897/procedural-pain-systematic-review-of-parent-experiences-and-information-needs
#17
Allison Gates, Kassi Shave, Robin Featherstone, Kelli Buckreus, Samina Ali, Shannon D Scott, Lisa Hartling
Parents wish to reduce their child's pain during medical procedures but may not know how to do so. We systematically reviewed the literature on parents' experiences and information needs related to managing their child's pain for common medical procedures. Of 2678 records retrieved through database searching, 5 were included. Three additional records were identified by scanning reference lists. Five studies were qualitative, and 3 were quantitative. Most took place in North America or Europe (n = 7) and described neonatal intensive care unit experiences (n = 5)...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949248/characteristics-and-outcomes-of-arthroscopic-femoroacetabular-impingement-surgery-in-the-national-football-league
#18
Benedict U Nwachukwu, Asheesh Bedi, Ajay Premkumar, Pete Draovitch, Bryan T Kelly
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported that hip abnormalities may account for 10% of injuries in professional football players. The effect of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) and arthroscopic FAI surgery in National Football League (NFL) athletes has not been well studied. PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of arthroscopic FAI surgery on return to play (RTP) and RTP performance in NFL players. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948036/hip-arthroscopy-utilization-and-associated-complications-a-population-based-analysis
#19
Ryan M Degen, Johnathan A Bernard, Ting J Pan, Anil S Ranawat, Danyal H Nawabi, Bryan T Kelly, Stephen Lyman
The purpose of this study is to review the trends in hip arthroscopy using data from a statewide database, focusing on utilization rates, patient demographics and complication rates. The Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System (SPARCS) database for New York State was queried for cases of hip arthroscopy from 1998 to 2012. Patient demographics and procedural details were collected. Patients were subsequently reviewed for complications and readmissions within 30 and 90 days. In total, 12 194 hip arthroscopy procedures were performed by 295 surgeons in 137 centers between 1998 and 2012...
August 2017: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948033/risk-of-failure-of-primary-hip-arthroscopy-a-population-based-study
#20
Ryan M Degen, Ting J Pan, Brenda Chang, Nabil Mehta, Peter D Chamberlin, Anil S Ranawat, Danyal H Nawabi, Bryan T Kelly, Stephen Lyman
The aims of this study are (i) to report on the rates of subsequent surgery following hip arthroscopy and (ii) to identify prognostic variables associated with revision surgery, survival rates and complication rates. The Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System database, a census of hospital admissions and ambulatory surgery in New York State, was used to identify cases of primary hip arthroscopy. Demographic information and rates of subsequent revision hip arthroscopy or arthroplasty were collected...
August 2017: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
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