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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229588/reporting-of-telehealth-delivered-dietary-intervention-trials-in-chronic-disease-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Molly M Warner, Jaimon T Kelly, Dianne P Reidlinger, Tammy C Hoffmann, Katrina L Campbell
BACKGROUND: Telehealth-delivered dietary interventions are effective for chronic disease management and are an emerging area of clinical practice. However, to apply interventions from the research setting in clinical practice, health professionals need details of each intervention component. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the completeness of intervention reporting in published dietary chronic disease management trials that used telehealth delivery methods...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228089/prophylactic-preprocedure-platelet-transfusion-is-associated-with-increased-risk-of-thrombosis-and-mortality
#2
Amy E Schmidt, Kelly F Henrichs, Scott A Kirkley, Majed A Refaai, Neil Blumberg
Objectives: We evaluated thrombosis and mortality rates of hospitalized patients receiving prophylactic platelet transfusion prior to an invasive procedure. Methods: Patient age and underlying medical condition(s), preprocedure and postprocedure platelet counts, type of procedure, number of platelet products transfused, and any complications were recorded on every prophylactic platelet given prior to an invasive procedure. Results: A total of 376 prophylactic transfusion recipients were identified...
December 7, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224880/the-effect-of-different-treatments-for-early-lactation-hyperketonemia-on-liver-triglycerides-glycogen-and-expression-of-key-metabolic-enzymes-in-dairy-cattle
#3
S Mann, F A Leal Yepes, J J Wakshlag, E Behling-Kelly, J A A McArt
Despite the widespread use of treatments for postpartum hyperketonemia in dairy cows, there is currently a lack of evidence comparing their effects on both the resolution of hyperketonemia and the potential effects on the liver of affected animals. The objective of our work was to investigate the effect of commonly used hyperketonemia treatments on hepatic triglyceride and glycogen content as well as on the mRNA and protein abundance of key enzymes involved in gluconeogenesis, ketogenesis, and lipid metabolism...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223667/selective-versus-routine-patch-metal-allergy-testing-to-select-bar-material-for-the-nuss-procedure-in-932-patients-over-10years
#4
Robert J Obermeyer, Sheema Gaffar, Robert E Kelly, M Ann Kuhn, Frazier W Frantz, Margaret M McGuire, James F Paulson, Cynthia S Kelly
AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to determine the role of patch metal allergy testing to select bar material for the Nuss procedure. METHODS: An IRB-approved (11-04-WC-0098) single institution retrospective, cohort study comparing selective versus routine patch metal allergy testing to select stainless steel or titanium bars for Nuss repair was performed. In Cohort A (9/2004-1/2011), selective patch testing was performed based on clinical risk factors...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218817/impact-of-a-shared-decision-making-intervention-on-healthcare-utilization-a-secondary-analysis-of-the-chest-pain-choice-multicenter-randomized-trial
#5
Jason T Schaffer, Erik P Hess, Judd E Hollander, Jeffrey A Kline, Carlos A Torres, Deborah B Diercks, Russell Jones, Kelly P Owen, Zachary F Meisel, Michel Demers, Annie Leblanc, Jonathan Inselman, Jeph Herrin, Victor M Montori, Nilay D Shah
BACKGROUND: Patients at low risk for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) are frequently admitted for observation and cardiac testing, resulting in substantial burden and cost to the patient and the healthcare system. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this investigation was to measure the effect of the Chest Pain Choice decision aid (CPC) on overall healthcare utilization as well as utilization of specific services both during the index emergency department visit and in the subsequent 45 days...
December 8, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211218/impact-of-myocardial-revascularization-method-on-smoking-cessation-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-versus-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#6
Ricardo das Neves, Greicy Kelly Avila, Fernando de Barros Oliveira, João Augusto Ferraz de Sampaio
INTRODUCTION: Smoking is a serious public health issue, being a precursor of heart disease and a predictor of sudden death due to myocardial ischemia. Major events in the patient's health can lead to radical changes in habits and the choice for different myocardial revascularization methods might differently impact smoking cessation and relapse. OBJECTIVE: To study the rate and perpetuation of smoking cessation after myocardial revascularization comparing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)...
September 2017: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204929/what-about-the-girls-sex-based-differences-in-autistic-traits-and-adaptive-skills
#7
Allison B Ratto, Lauren Kenworthy, Benjamin E Yerys, Julia Bascom, Andrea Trubanova Wieckowski, Susan W White, Gregory L Wallace, Cara Pugliese, Robert T Schultz, Thomas H Ollendick, Angela Scarpa, Sydney Seese, Kelly Register-Brown, Alex Martin, Laura Gutermuth Anthony
There is growing evidence of a camouflaging effect among females with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), particularly among those without intellectual disability, which may affect performance on gold-standard diagnostic measures. This study utilized an age- and IQ-matched sample of school-aged youth (n = 228) diagnosed with ASD to assess sex differences on the ADOS and ADI-R, parent-reported autistic traits, and adaptive skills. Although females and males were rated similarly on gold-standard diagnostic measures overall, females with higher IQs were less likely to meet criteria on the ADI-R...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202172/interprofessional-collaboration-of-dental-hygiene-and-communication-sciences-disorders-students-to-meet-oral-health-needs-of-children-with-autism
#8
Kelly L Anderson, Trisha L Self, Brandi N Carlson
PURPOSE: This pilot project was intended to introduce an authentic interprofessional education experience with students from Communication Sciences & Disorders (CSD) and Dental Hygiene (DH) to develop and apply strategies to assist children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to decrease their anxiety and improve their ability to participate in an oral screening and prophylaxis appointment. The second purpose was for students to learn each other's scope of practice. METHODS: Four children diagnosed with ASD were identified as having dental anxiety and unmet dental needs...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198638/guideline-for-discharge-opioid-prescriptions-after-inpatient-general-surgical-procedures
#9
Maureen V Hill, Ryland S Stucke, Sarah E Billmeier, Julia L Kelly, Richard J Barth
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of data to inform appropriate opioid prescribing for patients who are discharged after a hospital admission for a surgical procedure. STUDY DESIGN: We studied 333 inpatients discharged to home after bariatric, benign foregut, liver, pancreas, ventral hernia, and colon surgery. Chronic opioid users or patients who had complications were excluded. Home opioid usage was quantified in 90% of the remaining patients by questionnaires and phone surveys...
November 8, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192877/impact-of-body-mass-index-on-surgical-outcomes-narcotics-consumption-and-hospital-costs-following-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion
#10
Ankur S Narain, Fady Y Hijji, Brittany E Haws, Krishna T Kudaravalli, Kelly H Yom, Jonathan Markowitz, Kern Singh
OBJECTIVE Given the increasing prevalence of obesity, more patients with a high body mass index (BMI) will require surgical treatment for degenerative spinal disease. In previous investigations of lumbar spine pathology, obesity has been associated with worsened postoperative outcomes and increased costs. However, few studies have examined the association between BMI and postoperative outcomes following anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) procedures. Thus, the purpose of this study was to compare surgical outcomes, postoperative narcotics consumption, complications, and hospital costs among BMI stratifications for patients who have undergone primary 1- to 2-level ACDF procedures...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191102/impact-of-case-type-length-of-stay-institution-type-and-comorbidities-on-medicare-diagnosis-related-group-reimbursement-for-adult-spinal-deformity-surgery
#11
Pierce D Nunley, Gregory M Mundis, Richard G Fessler, Paul Park, Joseph M Zavatsky, Juan S Uribe, Robert K Eastlack, Dean Chou, Michael Y Wang, Neel Anand, Kelly A Frank, Marcus B Stone, Adam S Kanter, Christopher I Shaffrey, Praveen V Mummaneni
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to educate medical professionals about potential financial impacts of improper diagnosis-related group (DRG) coding in adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery. METHODS Medicare's Inpatient Prospective Payment System PC Pricer database was used to collect 2015 reimbursement data for ASD procedures from 12 hospitals. Case type, hospital type/location, number of operative levels, proper coding, length of stay, and complications/comorbidities (CCs) were analyzed for effects on reimbursement...
December 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189531/characterization-of-american-football-injuries-in-children-and-adolescents
#12
Patrick J Smith, Anthony M Hollins, Jeffrey R Sawyer, David D Spence, Shane Outlaw, Derek M Kelly
BACKGROUND: As a collision sport, football carries a significant risk of injury, as indicated by the large number of pediatric football-related injuries seen in emergency departments. There is little information in the medical literature focusing on the age-related injury patterns of this sport. Our purpose was to evaluate the types of football-related injuries that occur in children and adolescents and assess which patient characteristics, if any, affect injury pattern. METHODS: Retrospective chart review was performed of football-related injuries treated at a level 1 pediatric referral hospital emergency department and surrounding urgent care clinics between January 2010 and January 2014...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187555/complementary-metrics-of-human-auditory-nerve-function-derived-from-compound-action-potentials
#13
Kelly C Harris, Kenneth I Vaden, Carolyn M McClaskey, James W Dias, Judy R Dubno
Declines in auditory nerve (AN) function contribute to suprathreshold auditory processing and communication deficits in individuals with normal hearing, hearing loss, hyperacusis, and tinnitus. Procedures to characterize AN loss or dysfunction in humans are limited. We report several novel complementary metrics using the compound action potential (CAP), a direct measure of summated AN activity. Together, these metrics may be used to characterize AN function noninvasively in humans. We examined how these metrics change with stimulus intensity, and interpreted these changes within a framework of known physiological properties of the basilar membrane and AN...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186606/technique-of-minimally-invasive-cervical-foraminotomy
#14
Donald A Ross, Kelly J Bridges
BACKGROUND: Posterior cervical foraminotomy is a long utilized and commonly performed procedure, but has been supplanted in many cases by anterior procedures. With the advent of minimally invasive techniques, posterior foraminotomy may again deserve a prominent place in the treatment of cervical foraminal stenosis. OBJECTIVE: To report in detail a successfully utilized minimally invasive technique and the results in a large series of patients, by a single author...
December 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186417/examining-influences-on-speaking-up-among-critical-care-healthcare-providers-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#15
Hanan H Edrees, Mohd Nasir Mohd Ismail, Bernadette Kelly, Christine A Goeschel, Sean M Berenholtz, Peter J Pronovost, Ali Abdul Kareem Al Obaidli, Sallie J Weaver
Objective: Assess perceived barriers to speaking up and to provide recommendations for reducing barriers to reporting adverse events and near misses. Design, setting, participants, intervention: A six-item survey was administered to critical care providers in 19 Intensive Care Units in Abu Dhabi as part of an organizational safety and quality improvement effort. Main outcome measures: Questions elicited perspectives about influences on reporting, perceived barriers and recommendations for conveying patient safety as an organizational priority...
November 23, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178274/lactate-%C3%A2-2-mmol-l-plus-qsofa-improves-utility-over-qsofa-alone-in-emergency-department-patients-presenting-with-suspected-sepsis
#16
Amith Shetty, Stephen Pj MacDonald, Julian M Williams, John van Bockxmeer, Bas de Groot, Laura M Esteve Cuevas, Annemieke Ansems, Malcolm Green, Kelly Thompson, Harvey Lander, Jaimi Greenslade, Simon Finfer, Jonathan Iredell
OBJECTIVE: The Sepsis-3 task force recommends the use of the quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) score to identify risk for adverse outcomes in patients presenting with suspected infection. Lactate has been shown to predict adverse outcomes in patients with suspected infection. The aim of the study is to investigate the utility of a post hoc lactate threshold (≥2 mmol/L) added qSOFA score (LqSOFA(2) score) to predict primary composite adverse outcomes (mortality and/or ICU stay ≥72 h) in patients presenting to ED with suspected sepsis...
December 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178239/communities-mobilizing-for-change-on-alcohol-cmca-secondary-analyses-of-an-rct-showing-effects-of-community-organizing-on-alcohol-acquisition-by-youth-in-the-cherokee-nation
#17
Alexander C Wagenaar, Melvin D Livingston, Dallas W Pettigrew, Terrence K Kominsky, Kelli A Komro
AIMS: We evaluated the effects of a community organizing intervention, Communities Mobilizing for Change on Alcohol (CMCA), on the propensity of retail alcohol outlets to sell alcohol to young buyers without age identification and on alcohol acquisition behaviors of underage youth. DESIGN: Random assignment of community to treatment (n=3) or control (n=2). Student surveys were conducted four times per year for three years; the cohort was in 9th and 10th grades in the 2012-13 academic year...
November 25, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173834/academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-revised-2017-scope-of-practice-for-the-registered-dietitian-nutritionist
#18
Denise Andersen, Shari Baird, Tracey Bates, Denise L Chapel, Alana D Cline, Shyamala N Ganesh, Margaret Garner, Barbara L Grant, Kathryn K Hamilton, Krista Jablonski, Sherri L Jones, Alexandra G Kazaks, Susan H Konek, Kelly K Leonard, Kimi G McAdam, Beth N Ogata, Egondu M Onuoha, Gretchen Y Robinson, Darrin W Schmidt, Nancy G Walters, Pauline Williams, Pamela Wu, Karen Hui, Carol Gilmore, Mujahed Khan, Dana Buelsing, Sharon M McCauley
The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (Academy) is the world's largest organization of food and nutrition professionals and the association that represents credentialed nutrition and dietetics practitioners-registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs) and nutrition and dietetics technicians, registered (NDTRs). RDNs integrate research, professional development, and practice to stimulate innovation and discovery; collaborate to solve the greatest food and nutrition challenges now and in the future; focus on systemswide impact across the food, wellness, and health sectors; have a global impact in eliminating all forms of malnutrition; and amplify the contribution of nutrition and dietetics practitioners and expand workforce capacity and capability...
November 22, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171797/health-related-quality-of-life-outcomes-in-complex-adult-spinal-deformity-surgery
#19
Max S Riley, Keith H Bridwell, Lawrence G Lenke, Jonathan Dalton, Michael P Kelly
OBJECTIVE Significant health-related quality of life (HRQOL) benefits have been observed for patients undergoing primary and revision adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery. The purpose of this study was to report changes in HRQOL measures in a consecutive series of patients undergoing complex spinal reconstructive surgery, using Scoli-RISK-1 (SR-1) inclusion criteria. METHODS This was a single-center, retrospective cohort study. The SR-1 inclusion criteria were used to define patients with complex ASD treated between June 1, 2009, and June 1, 2011...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154933/opioid-prescription-and-patient-use-following-gynecologic-procedures-a-survey-of-patients-and-providers
#20
Kendall C Griffith, Nisse V Clark, Andrea L Zuckerman, Tanaz R Ferzandi, Kelly N Wright
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To describe opioid distribution and patient use following gynecologic procedures. DESIGN: This is a survey study of physicians and patients composed of two parts: 1) a physician survey on opioid prescribing practices following gynecologic procedures, and 2) a patient survey on opioid consumption following hysterectomy. DESIGN CLASSIFICATION: III SETTING: An urban academic tertiary care hospital. SUBJECTS: 96 gynecologists in the Boston-area...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
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