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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473654/using-equivalence-based-instruction-to-teach-piano-skills-to-college-students
#1
Kristin R Griffith, Amber L Ramos, Kelli E Hill, Caio F Miguel
The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the effects of equivalence-based instruction (EBI) on the emergence of basic music reading and piano playing skills. Six female college students learned to identify three musical chord notations given their respective dictated names. Participants also learned to play chords on the piano following the dictated name of the chord, and to play the chords to a song on a keyboard. Results are consistent with past research, in that stimuli became substitutable for each other and acquired a common behavioral function...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464382/repair-of-the-severe-muscle-aponeurotic-abdominal-laxity-with-alloplastic-mesh-in-aesthetic-abdominoplasty
#2
Alberto M L Caldeira, Kelly Carrión, John Jaulis
BACKGROUND: Abdominoplasty is the most frequently performed surgical procedure for body contour; in our experience, we have observed some patients with prominent bulging that is difficult to treat and that presents results that are unsatisfactory or have recurrences to conventional treatments. This leads us to carry out an analysis of the elements responsible for the containment and abdominal format. We determined that it may be due to an inability of an important sagging aponeurotic muscle of primary origin to support the abdomen and could be caused by predisposing factors...
February 20, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455556/conventional-versus-computer-assisted-stereoscopic-ultrasound-needle-guidance-for-renal-access-a-randomized-crossover-bench-top-trial
#3
Alexander Blair Thomas, Jonathan M Ewald, Isaac Kelly, Matthew Pierce, Jerry Thomas, Braden Mattison, Benjamin West, David Ruckle, Mohamed Keheila, Samuel R Abourbih, Reed Krause, Vi Am Dinh, D Daniel Baldwin, D Duane Baldwin
PURPOSE: Ultrasound guidance during renal access and mass biopsy reduces radiation exposure, but can be technically challenging. A needle guidance system might simplify these procedures. The purpose of this randomized crossover trial was to compare conventional and computer-assisted ultrasound needle guidance systems for renal access and mass biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-one subjects were randomized to perform renal access or mass biopsy on a phantom using conventional and computer-assisted ultrasound guidance in a crossover study design...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455049/poststroke-epilepsy-following-transient-unilateral-middle-cerebral-and-common-carotid-artery-occlusion-in-young-adult-and-aged-f344-rats
#4
Kevin M Kelly, Peter I Jukkola, Guo Yin, Eric R Miller, Elena A Kharlamov, Deng-Shan Shiau, Roger Strong, Jaroslaw Aronowski
The mechanisms of injured brain that establish poststroke seizures and epilepsy are not well understood, largely because animal modeling has had limited development. The main objective of this study was to determine whether an arterial occlusion model of cortical stroke in young adult and aged rats was capable of generating either focal or generalized epileptic seizures within 2 months of lesioning. Four- and 20-month-old male Fischer 344 (F344) sham-operated controls and those lesioned by transient (3 h) unilateral middle cerebral artery (MCA) and common carotid artery (CCA) occlusion (MCA/CCAo) were studied by video-EEG recordings up to 2 months post-procedure...
February 10, 2018: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452136/neuroprotective-effects-of-valproic-acid-on-brain-ischemia-are-related-to-its-hdac-and-gsk3-inhibitions
#5
Monalisa Ribeiro Silva, Alyne Oliveira Correia, Gabriel Cabral Alencar Dos Santos, Lucas Leimig Telles Parente, Keicy Parente de Siqueira, Danielly Gonçalves Sombra Lima, Jonathan Almeida Moura, Ana Elisa da Silva Ribeiro, Roberta Oliveira Costa, Daniel Luna Lucetti, Elaine Cristina Pereira Lucetti, Kelly Rose Tavares Neves, Glauce Socorro de Barros Viana
Valproic acid (VA) is an antiepileptic that is also used for the treatment of bipolar disorders. The objective was to evaluate the neuroprotective effects of VA on a brain ischemia model. The groups of male Wistar rats were: SO (sham-operated), ischemic and ischemic treated with VA (25, 50 and 100 mg/kg, p.o.). After anesthesia with ketamine and xilazine, the animals were subjected to clamping of carotid arteries (30 min) and reperfusion. Except for the carotid clamping, the SO group was submitted to the same procedure...
February 13, 2018: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451881/population-based-coverage-survey-results-following-the-mass-drug-administration-of-azithromycin-for-the-treatment-of-trachoma-in-amhara-ethiopia
#6
Tigist Astale, Eshetu Sata, Mulat Zerihun, Andrew W Nute, Aisha E P Stewart, Demelash Gessesse, Gedefaw Ayenew, Berhanu Melak, Melsew Chanyalew, Zerihun Tadesse, E Kelly Callahan, Scott D Nash
BACKGROUND: Trachoma is the leading infectious cause of blindness worldwide. In communities where the district level prevalence of trachomatous inflammation-follicular among children ages 1-9 years is ≥5%, WHO recommends annual mass drug administration (MDA) of antibiotics with the aim of at least 80% coverage. Population-based post-MDA coverage surveys are essential to understand the effectiveness of MDA programs, yet published reports from trachoma programs are rare. METHODS: In the Amhara region of Ethiopia, a population-based MDA coverage survey was conducted 3 weeks following the 2016 MDA to estimate the zonal prevalence of self-reported drug coverage in all 10 administrative zones...
February 16, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450895/a-test-of-multi-session-automatic-action-tendency-retraining-to-reduce-alcohol-consumption-among-young-adults-in-the-context-of-a-human-laboratory-paradigm
#7
Robert F Leeman, Christine Nogueira, Reinout W Wiers, Janna Cousijn, Kelly Serafini, Kelly S DeMartini, John A Bargh, Stephanie S O'Malley
BACKGROUND: Young adult heavy drinking is an important public health concern. Current interventions have efficacy but with only modest effects, thus novel interventions are needed. In prior studies, heavy drinkers, including young adults, have demonstrated stronger automatically triggered approach tendencies to alcohol-related stimuli than lighter drinkers. Automatic action tendency retraining has been developed to correct this tendency and consequently reduce alcohol consumption. The current study is the first to test multiple iterations of automatic action tendency retraining, followed by laboratory alcohol self-administration...
February 16, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450792/examination-of-long-term-visual-memorization-capacity-in-the-clark-s-nutcracker-nucifraga-columbiana
#8
Muhammad A J Qadri, Kevin Leonard, Robert G Cook, Debbie M Kelly
Clark's nutcrackers exhibit remarkable cache recovery behavior, remembering thousands of seed locations over the winter. No direct laboratory test of their visual memory capacity, however, has yet been performed. Here, two nutcrackers were tested in an operant procedure used to measure different species' visual memory capacities. The nutcrackers were incrementally tested with an ever-expanding pool of pictorial stimuli in a two-alternative discrimination task. Each picture was randomly assigned to either a right or a left choice response, forcing the nutcrackers to memorize each picture-response association...
February 15, 2018: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440623/bleeding-complications-related-to-right-heart-catheterization-in-the-setting-of-elevated-inr
#9
Jared Betz, Kelly Jia, Scott Lilly, Konstantinos Marmagkiolis, Ernest L Mazzaferri, Konstantinos Dean Boudoulas
OBJECTIVES: Right heart catheterization (RHC) provides cardiovascular hemodynamic information in a variety of clinical settings. RHC performed in the setting of coagulopathy may have the potential to increase bleeding complications; however, data currently are limited. This study was undertaken to determine bleeding complications during RHC with an elevated international normalized ratio (INR) value. METHODS: A total of 312 patients who underwent RHC were retrospectively studied...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436921/volumetric-and-linear-measurements-of-lung-tumor-burden-from-non-gated-micro-ct-imaging-correlate-with-histological-analysis-in-a-genetically-engineered-mouse-model-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#10
Aitor Gallastegui, James Cheung, Teresa Southard, Kelly R Hume
In vivo micro-computed tomography (CT) imaging allows longitudinal studies of pulmonary neoplasms in genetically engineered mouse models. Respiratory gating increases the accuracy of lung tumor measurements but lengthens anesthesia time in animals that may be at increased risk for complications. We hypothesized that semiautomated, volumetric, and linear tumor measurements performed in micro-CT images from non-gated scans would have correlation with histological findings. Primary lung tumors were induced in eight FVB mice with two transgenes (FVB/N-Tg(tetO-Kras2)12Hev/J; FVB...
January 1, 2018: Laboratory Animals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431977/hemorrhoids-diagnosis-and-treatment-options
#11
Timothy Mott, Kelly Latimer, Chad Edwards
Many Americans between 45 and 65 years of age experience hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoidal size, thrombosis, and location (i.e., proximal or distal to the dentate line) determine the extent of pain or discomfort. The history and physical examination must assess for risk factors and clinical signs indicating more concerning disease processes. Internal hemorrhoids are traditionally graded from I to IV based on the extent of prolapse. Other factors such as degree of discomfort, bleeding, comorbidities, and patient preference should help determine the order in which treatments are pursued...
February 1, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430391/modifications-to-the-hip-arthroscopy-technique-when-performing-combined-hip-arthroscopy-and-periacetabular-osteotomy
#12
Andrea M Spiker, Kate R Gumersell, Ernest L Sink, Bryan T Kelly
In the realm of hip preservation, hip arthroscopy is often used to address intra-articular impingement pathology, whereas periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is used to address dysplasia and instability. Indications to combine these 2 procedures include hip dysplasia and symptomatic instability with a concomitant symptomatic labral tear or the other symptomatic intra-articular pathology (i.e., loose body, chondral flap). The arthroscopic portion of the procedure allows repair of the injured labrum and close inspection of the hip joint, and the PAO addresses undercoverage and/or inappropriate version of the acetabulum...
October 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428232/evaluating-the-effect-of-margin-consensus-guideline-publication-on-operative-patterns-and-financial-impact-of-breast-cancer-surgery
#13
Neal Bhutiani, Megan K Mercer, Katelynn C Bachmann, Samantha R Heidrich, Robert Cg Martin, Charles R Scoggins, Kelly M McMasters, Nicolás Ajkay
BACKGROUND: This study sought to evaluate re-excision rates, patient satisfaction with their breasts, and health care costs before and after publication of 2014 Society of Surgical Oncology - American Society of Radiation Oncology consensus guideline on margins for breast conservation surgery with whole-breast irradiation for stage I-II breast cancer at an academic institution. STUDY DESIGN: Patients with stage I and II invasive carcinoma who underwent partial mastectomy were divided into two groups based on whether they were treated before (PRE) or after (POST) guideline publication in March 2014...
February 8, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426576/primary-female-epispadias-perineal-approach-or-kelly-repair
#14
Marc-David Leclair, Sébastien Faraj, Thierry Villemagne, Julie Carrouget, Alexis Arnaud, Yves Heloury
OBJECTIVES: Primary female epispadias encompasses a spectrum of disease, presenting with a variable degree of incontinence. We hypothesized that although perineal urethrocervicoplasty can be a successful first-line procedure in patients with normal bladder, a more radical reconstruction was necessary to achieve continence in cases lying at the most severe end of the spectrum. Our aim was to assess the results of a surgical management using perineal approach in girls with normal bladder capacity, and Kelly radical soft-tissue mobilization (RSTM) in patients with inadequate bladder, based on the assumption that bladder capacity (BC) is a reliable marker of epispadias severity...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424480/predicting-new-onset-hf-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-or-peripheral-angiography-results-from-the-catheter-sampled-blood-archive-in-cardiovascular-diseases-casablanca-study
#15
Nasrien E Ibrahim, Asya Lyass, Hanna K Gaggin, Yuyin Liu, Roland R J van Kimmenade, Shweta R Motiwala, Noreen P Kelly, Parul U Gandhi, Mandy L Simon, Arianna M Belcher, Jamie E Harisiades, Joseph M Massaro, Ralph B D'Agostino, James L Januzzi
AIMS: Methods to identify patients at risk for incident HF would be welcome as such patients might benefit from earlier interventions. METHODS AND RESULTS: From a registry of 1251 patients referred for coronary and/or peripheral angiography, we sought to identify independent predictors of incident HF during follow-up and develop a clinical and biomarker strategy to predict this outcome. There were 991 patients free of prevalent HF at baseline. Cox proportional hazard models were developed to predict adjudicated diagnosis of incident HF...
February 9, 2018: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410143/transvaginal-notes-myomectomy-a-novel-route-for-uterine-fibroid-removal
#16
Juan Liu, Qiongyan Lin, Kelly Blazek, Binhua Liang, Xiaoming Guan
BACKGROUND: Transvaginal surgery is the most minimally invasive surgery for a gynecologic procedure, but it has the limitation of lack of exposure and limited surgical space when utilizing traditional vaginal surgical instrumentation, such as in a hysterectomy for a uterus without descent or for a myomectomy. Transvaginal Nature Orifice Translumenal Endoscopic Surgery (NOTES) offers the similar benefits of traditional vaginal surgery, but also expands the horizon of transvaginal surgery by allowing the surgeon to perform procedures that are typically limited to an abdominal approach...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409846/metabolic-syndrome-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-after-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-in-severe-mucopolysaccharidosis-type-i-hurler-syndrome
#17
Elizabeth Braunlin, Julia Steinberger, Todd DeFor, Paul Orchard, Aaron S Kelly
BACKGROUND: Hematopoietic cell transplantation is a life-saving procedure, but one associated with increasing long term cardiovascular risk requiring frequent long term follow-up. This therapy has significantly lengthened survival in mucopolysaccharidosis, type I H (Hurler syndrome), a disease with known coronary artery involvement. Metabolic syndrome - a constellation of central obesity, high blood pressure, low HDL cholesterol, elevated triglycerides and fasting blood glucose - is associated with increased cardiovascular risk, and occurs when any 3 or more of these 5 components is present within a single individual...
January 31, 2018: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409140/a-multi-centre-retrospective-analysis-evaluating-performance-of-synovial-biopsy-techniques-arthroscopic-vs-ultrasound-guided-vs-blind-needle-biopsy
#18
Frances Humby, Vasco Romão, Antonio Manzo, Andrew Filer, Serena Bugatti, Elsa Vieira-Sousa, Stephen Kelly, Mihir Wechalekar, Manzoor Ahmed, Vidalba Rocher, Rebecca Hands, Carlomaurizio Montecucco, Joao Fonseca, Costantino Pitzalis
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate whether choice of synovial biopsy technique (arthroscopic, blind needle (BN), ultrasound (US)-portal and forceps (P&F) and US-needle biopsy (NB) translates to significant variation in synovial tissue quality and quantity with the aim of informing recommendations for choice of synovial sampling technique within clinical trials. METHODS: 159 procedures were evaluated from 5 academic rheumatology centres. H&E stained paraffin embedded synovial sections were assessed in order to determine the proportion of graded synovial fragments, total area of tissue and synovitis score per procedure...
February 6, 2018: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401084/safety-and-efficacy-of-bedside-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-placement-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#19
Kelly Driver, Rebecca Schilling, Annie Goodwin, Denise Martinez, Ernest Amankwah, Michael Wilsey, Fauzia Shakeel
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to describe the safety and efficacy of bedside percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) placement in a level 3 neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on 106 infants with a birthweight ≤6 kg receiving bedside PEG placement at Johns Hopkins All Children's Hospital between 2007 and 2013. Preprocedure, postprocedure, and demographic data were collected. The main safety outcome was postprocedure complication rate and the main efficacy outcome was time to initiate feeds and time on respiratory support...
February 3, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399859/hyperleukocytosis-in-infant-acute-leukemia-a-role-for-manual-exchange-transfusion-for-leukoreduction
#20
Daniel V Runco, Cassandra D Josephson, Sunil S Raikar, Kelly C Goldsmith, Glen Lew, Melinda Pauly, Ross M Fasano
BACKGROUND: Hyperleukocytosis is a serious, life-threatening complication of pediatric acute leukemia that can cause neurologic injury, pulmonary leukostasis, metabolic derangements, and coagulopathy. Acute leukemia has the highest risk of mortality and morbidity at presentation when associated with hyperleukocytosis. Infant leukemia presents unique challenges and treatment considerations due to the disease itself and size and overall health of the patient. While medical management of hyperleukocytosis in older patients with acute leukemia has been described, including cytoreductive procedures with automated leukapheresis (AL) or manual whole blood (WB) exchange transfusion, very little data exist for standardized management of hyperleukocytosis in infant leukemia patients...
February 4, 2018: Transfusion
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