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nutrition status in the elderly

Fabio Cocco, Guglielmo Campus, Laura Strohmenger, Viviana Cortesi Ardizzone, Maria Grazia Cagetti
BACKGROUND: This survey aims to evaluate the prevalence and severity of tooth loss in the Italian elderly population living in nursing homes and to associate the oral data with demographic, socioeconomic factors, the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), the Body Mass Index (BMI) and the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) scores. METHODS: A cluster sample method was performed using each nursing home as a cluster. Twenty-three nursing homes located in the five areas of the Italy (North-West, North-East, Centre, South and Islands) were selected...
March 20, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
Erica I Lubetkin, Haomiao Jia
OBJECTIVES: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention emphasizes conceptualizing sleep as a healthy behavior. Although a large literature exists documenting the morbidity or mortality of suboptimal sleep, fewer investigations have examined the burden of disease in a single number combining morbidity and mortality. This study examined the morbidity, as measured by health-related quality of life (HRQOL), mortality, and quality-adjusted life years (QALY) due to suboptimal (inadequate or excessive) sleep...
April 2018: Sleep Health
Tomohiko Kamo, Hideaki Ishii, Keisuke Suzuki, Yuusuke Nishida
Sarcopenia is an important predictor of adverse outcomes in elderly people. Based on a common clinical experience, sarcopenia may be associated with activities of daily living (ADL). To our knowledge, no study has investigated the association between sarcopenia and ADL in nursing home residents requiring long-term care. This cross-sectional study included 250 nursing home residents. Nutritional status, physical function, ADL and cognitive function were assessed using Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF), Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), Barthel Index (BI) and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE)...
March 16, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
Yunlei Wang, Jianwei Zheng, Zhigang Gao, Xiaofeng Han, Fanrong Qiu
PURPOSE: To investigate the malnutrition, the incidence of nutritional risk and the application of nutritional support for patients with colorectal cancer, so as to provide a basis for the rational clinical application of nutritional support. METHODS: A total of 264 surgical patients with colorectal cancer treated/followed up from January 2016 to March 2017 in Beijing Chaoyang Hospital were selected. The nutritional risk was assessed using the Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS2002), and the nutritional risk and application of nutritional support for patients with different gender, age and clinical disease stage were analyzed; the hospitalization duration and postoperative complications were also analyzed and compared...
January 2018: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
Yu-Ru Guo, Hsiu-Chuan Lee, Yun-Chun Lo, Shao-Chuan Yu, Shih-Yi Huang
Nutritional deficit of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) is closely related to cognitive impairment and depression in later life. Cognitive impairment and depression lead to comorbidities, such as metabolic syndrome, in elderly people. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of dietary n-3 PUFAs on cognition and depressive-like behavior in an accelerated senescence rat model with prediabetic status. Rats were cotreated with d-gal and sucrose solution for 7 months and then fed fish-oil- or flaxseed-oil-rich diets for 3 months...
March 19, 2018: Food & Function
Livia Fernandes de Lima, Fernando Barbosa, Marcus Vinícius Simões, Anderson Marliere Navarro
INTRODUCTION: Heart failure (HF) is a growing public health issue; its risk factors include inappropriate dietary intake of microelements such as iodine, selenium, zinc and iron, which may lead to thyroid dysfunction. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the correlation among the functional class stages of patients with HF, iodine, selenium, iron and zinc levels with the presence of thyroid dysfunction. METHODOLOGY: One hundred nine patients from the HF outpatient clinic of the Clinics Hospital of Ribeirão Preto whose blood and urine were collected for micronutrient analysis and laboratory tests were selected...
March 3, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Sérgio Dos Anjos Garnes, Adriana Bottoni, Fernanda Lasakosvitsch, Andrea Bottoni
OBJECTIVE: This study developed an instrument in table format to help determine the energy requirements of patients in adverse situations. The instrument allows for the weekly adjustment of nutrition therapy and energy intake, advocating a new approach to treatment based on clinical observation performed by staff specialized in individualized nutrition therapy. METHODS: The table was elaborated by grouping patients according to the following criteria: criticality, chronicity, and stability of the clinical status...
February 3, 2018: Nutrition
Jae-Min Park, Jae-June Dong, Ji-Won Lee, Jae-Yong Shim, Yong-Jae Lee
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between employment status and insulin resistance in the Korean elderly population. METHODS: The study included 2325 healthy participants (862 men and 1463 women) who did not have diabetes, were 60-74 years old, and participated in the 2007-2010 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Their employment status was categorized as employed or unemployed. The homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) was used to assess insulin sensitivity...
March 16, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Pedro Moreira, Ana S Sousa, Rita S Guerra, Alejandro Santos, Nuno Borges, Cláudia Afonso, Teresa F Amaral, Patrícia Padrão
Background: We aimed to describe urinary sodium and potassium excretion and their ratio in a representative sample of Portuguese elderly population, according to sociodemographic characteristics and weight status. Methods: A cluster sampling approach was used, representing older Portuguese adults (≥65 years) according to age, sex, education level, and regional area within the Nutrition UP 65 study. This cross-sectional evaluation was conducted in 2015 and 2016...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
Hung-Hao Chang, Kannika Saeliw
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates the association between eating out and depressive symptoms among elderly people. Potential mediators that may link to elderly eating out and depressive symptoms are also discussed. METHODS: A unique dataset of 1,184 individuals aged 65 and older was drawn from the National Health and Nutrition Survey in 2008 in Taiwan. A bivariate probit model and an instrumental variable probit model were estimated to account for correlated, unmeasured factors that may be associated with both the decision and frequency of eating out and depressive symptoms in the elderly...
June 2017: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
Natane Daiana Silva Sousa, Tarciana Nobre de Menezes, Nathalie de Almeida Silva, Maria do Carmo Eulálio, Adriana de Azevedo Paiva
The scope of this study was to determine the prevalence of anemia and the correlation between the concentration of hemoglobin and cognitive factors in an elderly population group resident in Campina Grande, Paraiba, Brazil. It was a cross-sectional study with individuals aged 60 or older. Men with hemoglobin levels <13 g / dL and women with levels <12 g / dL were considered anemic. Sociodemographic, cognitive condition and nutritional status variables were analyzed. Statistical analysis was performed by means of simple and multiple linear regression...
March 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Darlene Mara Dos Santos Tavares, Alisson Fernandes Bolina, Flavia Aparecida Dias, Pollyana Cristina Dos Santos Ferreira, Nilce Maria de Freitas Santos
This study aimed to verify the association of overweight with functional disability, self-reported morbidities and quality of life (QoL) among rural elderly dwellers. This is a domestic and cross-sectional survey conducted in the rural region of a municipality of Southeast Brazil. Three hundred seventy non-overweight elderly people and 192 overweight elderly people were evaluated with the following tools: semi-structured; Katz and Lawton and scales; World Health Organization Quality of Life - BREF and World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment for Older Adults...
March 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Albert Ariza-Solé, Carme Guerrero, Francesc Formiga, Jaime Aboal, Emad Abu-Assi, Francisco Marín, Héctor Bueno, Oriol Alegre, Ramón López-Palop, María T Vidán, Manuel Martínez-Sellés, Pablo Díez-Villanueva, Pau Vilardell, Alessandro Sionis, Miquel Vives-Borrás, Juan Sanchís, Jordi Bañeras, Agnès Rafecas, Cinta Llibre, Javier López, Violeta González-Salvado, Àngel Cequier
BACKGROUND:  Bleeding risk scores have shown a limited predictive ability in elderly patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). No study explored the role of a comprehensive geriatric assessment to predict in-hospital bleeding in this clinical setting. METHODS:  The prospective multicentre LONGEVO-SCA registry included 532 unselected patients with non-ST segment elevation ACS (NSTEACS) aged 80 years or older. Comorbidity (Charlson index), frailty (FRAIL scale), disability (Barthel index and Lawton-Brody index), cognitive status (Pfeiffer test) and nutritional risk (mini nutritional assessment-short form test) were assessed during hospitalization...
March 2018: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Souheil Hallit, Rabih Hallit, Marie-Claude Daher, Dory Hachem, Nelly Kheir, Pascale Salameh
BACKGROUND/AIM: Although the rates of depression and anxiety disorders have been shown to be higher in older people, especially those living in institutional settings, most of this population remains undiagnosed and untreated. The objective is to translate the full-scale Geriatric Depression Scale (30 items, GDS) into Arabic for use in elderly patients in Lebanon, to check its validity and reproducibility in comparison to the original version of the questionnaire, and assess the risk factors associated with depression in the Lebanese geriatric population...
March 13, 2018: Psychopathology
Naoto Iwai, Osamu Dohi, Yuji Naito, Yutaka Inada, Akifumi Fukui, Shun Takayama, Kazuyuki Ogita, Kei Terasaki, Takahiro Nakano, Tomohiro Ueda, Tetsuya Okayama, Naohisa Yoshida, Kazuhiro Katada, Kazuhiro Kamada, Kazuhiko Uchiyama, Takeshi Ishikawa, Osamu Handa, Tomohisa Takagi, Hideyuki Konishi, Nobuaki Yagi, Yoshito Itoh
BACKGROUND AND AIM: With the aging of the society, comorbidities or nutritional status are assessed prior to endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for early gastric cancer (EGC). However, it is uncertain which factors are important for predicting prognosis in EGC patients after ESD. Thus, we aimed to evaluate clinical outcomes of ESD for EGC, with respect to comorbidities or nutritional status. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study involving 708 EGCs in 585 patients who were enrolled between April 2007 and March 2012...
March 13, 2018: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
Soon-Young Kim, Dong-Il Kim
Aging is associated with increased body fat and lower lean body mass, which leads to increased prevalence of obesity and metabolic syndrome. This study aimed to investigate the association of regular participation in walking and body mass index (BMI) with metabolic syndrome and its 5 criteria in elderly Koreans. A total of 3554 (male = 1581, female = 1973) elderly subjects (age ≥ 65 years), who participated in the Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES V) were analyzed in this cross-sectional study...
March 6, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
Nobuhiro Tsuchiya, Chikara Kunisaki, Hirochika Makino, Jun Kimura, Ryo Takagawa, Sho Sato, Yusaku Tanaka, Kei Sato, Hiroshi Miyamoto, Takashi Kosaka, Hirotoshi Akiyama, Itaru Endo, Kentaro Sakamaki, Takeharu Yamanaka
PURPOSE: The present study evaluated the safety and effectiveness of laparoscopic gastrectomy (LG) in elderly gastric cancer patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included 78 gastric cancer patients aged 80 years or above [39 in the LG group and 39 in the open gastrectomy group (matched)]. Patient characteristics, surgical outcomes, survival time, and immunonutritional status were compared. RESULTS: Mean blood loss was significantly lower in the LG group, although the operation time did not differ...
March 7, 2018: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
Edyta Wernio, Dariusz Jagielak, Jolanta Anna Dardzińska, Ewa Aleksandrowicz-Wrona, Jan Rogowski, Agnieszka Gruszecka, Sylwia Małgorzewicz
Severe aortic stenosis (AS) is associated with the reduction of muscle mass and may be associated with deterioration of nutritional status. Furthermore, malnourished cardiac patients are characterized by a higher risk of postoperative complications and mortality. The aim of this study was the evaluation and comparison of nutritional status, appetite and body composition in older people with severe aortic stenosis before aortic valve replacement and healthy elderly volunteers. One hundred and one patients, aged >65 years old with severe AS were included in the study...
March 5, 2018: Nutrients
Eun Sun So
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify the impacts of weight change and weight change intention on health-related quality of life (HRQL) among community-dwelling Korean elderly individuals. METHOD: Data on those aged 75 years and above from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed using multiple regression analysis. RESULTS: Compared with no weight change, unintentional weight loss was associated with significantly lower adjusted overall HRQL and lower scores in the subdimensions of mobility, pain/discomfort, usual activities, and self-care (in order), whereas intentional weight loss was associated with significantly poorer scores for anxiety/depression...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Makiko Yamashita, Rieko Komatsu, Yuko Maruyama, Tomoyuki Takaki, Hiroshi Ichinose, Osamu Sasaki, Kenji Sawase, Takashi Harada, Satoshi Funakoshi
OBJECTIVE: The hemodialysis (HD) diet, which is a high-calorie and high-fat regimen, may inadvertently lead to an inadequate dietary intake, resulting in undernutrition among elderly HD patients. Therefore, an attempt was made to improve the dietary intake by implementing a modified diet regimen in eligible elderly HD patients. SUBJECTS: Elderly HD patients who had ingested < 50% of the meals provided and were diagnosed with undernutrition among all elderly patients institutionalized at the special elderly nursing home annexed to Nagasaki Kidney Hospital between June and November 2012...
2018: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
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