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nutrition status in the elderly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198990/corticosteroids-and-hip-fracture-risk-in-elderly-respiratory-patients-epic-greece-cohort
#1
Anna Karakatsani, Michail Katsoulis, Eleni Klinaki, Antonia Trichopoulou
INTRODUCTION: In an ageing population the prevalence of osteoporosis and chronic respiratory diseases is expected to increase in the near future. Interestingly, several forms of corticosteroids, drugs implicated in osteoporosis pathogenesis, are prescribed to respiratory patients without taking into consideration their age and risk for osteoporotic fractures. The aim of this study was to investigate the risk for hip fracture of the elder individuals who are taking corticosteroids for respiratory disease, including inhalers...
2017: Adv Respir Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196115/nutritional-assessment-of-community-dwelling-older-adults-in-rural-nepal
#2
Saruna Ghimire, Binaya Kumar Baral, Karen Callahan
BACKGROUND: Demographic transition in Nepal, like in many developing countries, has resulted in a burgeoning elderly population whose health status is not currently monitored. One pillar of health is adequate nutrition. Yet, little is known about the nutritional health status of the elderly in Nepal. The financial, material, and personnel limitations in Nepal's health delivery services necessitate health screening instruments that require minimal clinical staff and resources. To our knowledge, no such nutritional assessment tool has been validated in Nepal...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187148/nutritional-status-and-body-composition-by-bioelectrical-impedance-vector-analysis-a-cross-sectional-study-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-alzheimer-s-disease
#3
Ilaria Cova, Simone Pomati, Laura Maggiore, Marica Forcella, Valentina Cucumo, Roberta Ghiretti, Giulia Grande, Fulvio Muzio, Claudio Mariani
AIMS: Analysis of nutritional status and body composition in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in a University-Hospital setting, recruiting 59 patients with AD, 34 subjects with MCI and 58 elderly healthy controls (HC). Nutritional status was assessed by anthropometric parameters (body mass index; calf, upper arm and waist circumferences), Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) and body composition by bioelectrical impedance vector analysis (BIVA)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168012/nutrition-and-age-ing-focusing-on-alzheimer-s-disease
#4
REVIEW
Giulia Abate, Mariagrazia Marziano, Wiramon Rungratanawanich, Maurizio Memo, Daniela Uberti
Recently, the role of food and nutrition in preventing or delaying chronic disability in the elderly population has received great attention. Thanks to their ability to influence biochemical and biological processes, bioactive nutrients are considered modifiable factors capable of preserving a healthy brain status. A diet rich in vitamins and polyphenols and poor in saturated fatty acids has been recommended. In the prospective of a healthy diet, cooking methods should be also considered. In fact, cooking procedures can modify the original dietary content, contributing not only to the loss of healthy nutrients, but also to the formation of toxins, including advanced glycation end products (AGEs)...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156492/food-as-medicine-a-randomized-controlled-trial-rct-of-home-delivered-medically-tailored-meals-hdmtm-on-quality-of-life-qol-in-metastatic-lung-and-non-colorectal-gi-cancer-patients
#5
Raymond Mailhot Vega, Lisa Zullig, Alissa Wassung, Dorella Walters, Noah Berland, Kevin Lee Du, Jiyoung Ahn, Cynthia G Leichman, Deirdre Jill Cohen, Ping Gu, Abraham Chachoua, Lawrence P Leichman, Karen Pearl, Peter B Schiff
: 155 Background: Malnutrition incidence in cancer approaches 85%, disproportionately burdening those with lung, GI, and advanced stage cancers. Malnourished patients have impaired chemotherapy response, shorter survival, longer hospital stays, and decreased QoL. Home delivered meals are nutritional interventions that improve patient well-being, nutrition, and lower healthcare costs in the elderly but have not been studied as an intervention in cancer patients. HDMTM are nutritionist prescribed home delivered meals tailored to patient's symptoms, co-morbidities, and health needs...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153387/-the-elderly-living-alone-and-malnutrition-solger-study
#6
Lidia Paino Pardal, Laia Poblet I Montells, Laura Ríos Álvarez
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine if there are any connections between living alone and suffering from malnutrition or having a risk of being malnourished, in people over 79years old in a Mediterranean population. DESIGN: A questionnaire was used in a cross-sectional and multicentre study conducted between June and December 2014 in three Primary Care Centres (PCC). PARTICIPANTS: A quota was chosen for each centre, including all patients over 79years, with a total of 167 people...
January 30, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149314/transition-in-public-knowledge-of-risk-factors-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-an-iranian-general-population-a-latent-transition-analysis-lta-on-a-longitudinal-large-community-based-educational-prevention-program
#7
Mahsa Rafiee Alhossaini, Akbar Hassanzadeh, Awat Feizi, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the second leading cause of death, after accidents, in Iran. This study was performed to assess the change in levels of knowledge about 8 risk factors of CVD and its associated determinants the Iranian general population. METHODS: The current repeated cross-sectional study included 3014 people in 2004, 3012 in 2005, and 4719 in 2007, aged older than 19 years. Knowledge about 8 risk factors (high blood pressure, nutrition, physical inactivity, smoking, diabetes, heredity, stress, and obesity) as the major causes of CVD was evaluated using latent transition analysis (LTA)...
July 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138227/electromyographic-activity-of-masticatory-muscles-in-elderly-women-a-pilot-study
#8
Ewelina Gaszynska, Karolina Kopacz, Magdalena Fronczek-Wojciechowska, Gianluca Padula, Franciszek Szatko
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of age and chosen factors related to aging such as dentition, muscle strength, and nutrition on masticatory muscles electromyographic activity during chewing in healthy elderly women. BACKGROUND: With longer lifespan there is a need for maintaining optimal quality of life and health in older age. Skeletal muscle strength deteriorates in older age. This deterioration is also observed within masticatory muscles. METHODS: A total of 30 women, aged 68-92 years, were included in the study: 10 individuals had natural functional dentition, 10 were missing posterior teeth in the upper and lower jaw reconstructed with removable partial dentures, and 10 were edontoulous, using complete removable dentures...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132729/malnutrition-an-underestimated-factor-in-the-inpatient-treatment-of-traumatology-and-orthopedic-patients-a-prospective-evaluation-of-1055-patients
#9
Christoph Ihle, Thomas Freude, Christian Bahrs, Eva Zehendner, Janick Braunsberger, Hans Konrad Biesalski, Christine Lambert, Ulrich Stöckle, Elke Wintermeyer, Julia Grünwald, Leonard Grünwald, Gunnar Ochs, Ingo Flesch, Andreas Nüssler
INTRODUCTION: Suboptimal nutritional status is often observed among hospitalized patients across all medical specialties. The objective of the present study was to (1) analyze the prevalence of malnutrition in hospitalized orthopedic and trauma patients and (2) to evaluate the relationship between malnutrition and selected clinical outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The prospective field study was conducted between 06/2014 and 06/2015 in a German level I trauma center (Department of Traumatology, Septic Trauma Surgery and Arthroplasty) with a total number of 1055 patients...
January 22, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112780/factors-related-to-urinary-incontinence-among-the-malaysian-elderly
#10
S A Eshkoor, T A Hamid, S Shahar, C Y Mun
BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence is a prevalent condition in the elderly that is the spontaneous leakage of urine. It is an age-related problem and increases especially in people aged above 65 years. It can cause many psychological, behavioral, biological, economic and social effects. The treatment of urinary incontinence can reduce morbidity and mortality. Thus, this study aimed to determine the effects of variables including age, ethnicity, gender, education, marital status, body weight, blood elements and nutritional parameters on urinary incontinence among the Malaysian elderly...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112779/successful-aging-a-new-challenge-for-developing-countries-the-coyoac%C3%A3-n-cohort
#11
J M A García-Lara, A P Navarrete-Reyes, R Medina-Méndez, S G Aguilar-Navarro, J A Avila-Funes
OBJECTIVE: To determine the socio-demographic and health factors associated with a biomedical phenotype of successful aging (SA) among Mexican community-dwelling elderly. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Cross-sectional study of 935 older adults aged 70 or older participating in the Mexican Study of Nutritional and Psychosocial Markers of Frailty. MEASUREMENTS: SA was operationalized in accordance with the phenotype proposed by Rowe and Kahn...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104447/celiac-disease-autoimmunity-is-associated-with-leukocyte-telomere-shortening-in-older-adults-the-u-s-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#12
Elena Kamycheva, Tadahiro Goto, Carlos A Camargo
PURPOSE: Telomeres are nucleotide sequences, and their function is to maintain cell surveillance. Exaggeration of the attrition rate of leukocyte telomere length (LTL) may result in genomic instability and tumorigenesis. Celiac disease (CD), an autoimmune inflammation of small intestine, has increasing prevalence in the elderly and may lead to lymphomas and gastrointestinal malignancies. We used nationally-representative datasets from the U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) to investigate if CD autoimmunity in older adults (age≥50years) is associated with shorter LTL...
January 16, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098050/dairy-food-supplementation-may-reduce-malnutrition-risk-in-institutionalised-elderly
#13
Sandra Iuliano, Shirley Poon, Xiaofang Wang, Minh Bui, Ego Seeman
Malnutrition in institutionalised elderly increases morbidity and care costs. Meat and dairy foods are high-quality protein sources so adequate intakes may reduce malnutrition risk. We aimed to determine whether inadequate intakes of meat and dairy foods contribute to malnutrition in institutionalised elderly. This cross-sectional study involved 215 elderly residents (70·2 % females, mean age 85·8 years) from twenty-one aged-care facilities in Melbourne, Australia. Dietary intake was assessed using observed plate waste...
January 18, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089304/management-of-prostate-cancer-in-elderly-patients-recommendations-of-a-task-force-of-the-international-society-of-geriatric-oncology
#14
REVIEW
Jean-Pierre Droz, Gilles Albrand, Silke Gillessen, Simon Hughes, Nicolas Mottet, Stéphane Oudard, Heather Payne, Martine Puts, Gilbert Zulian, Lodovico Balducci, Matti Aapro
CONTEXT: Prostate cancer is the most frequent male cancer. Since the median age of diagnosis is 66 yr, many patients require both geriatric and urologic evaluation if treatment is to be tailored to individual circumstances including comorbidities and frailty. OBJECTIVE: To update the 2014 International Society of Geriatric Oncology (SIOG) guidelines on prostate cancer in men aged >70 yr. The update includes new material on health status evaluation and the treatment of localised, advanced, and castrate-resistant disease...
January 11, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088200/vitamin-d-status-among-the-elderly-chinese-population-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-2010-2013-china-national-nutrition-and-health-survey-cnnhs
#15
Jing Chen, Chunfeng Yun, Yuna He, Jianhua Piao, Lichen Yang, Xiaoguang Yang
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D inadequacy is common among the elderly, especially within the Asian population. The vitamin D status among healthy adults in the elderly Chinese population was evaluated. METHODS: A total of 6014 healthy adults aged 60 years or older (2948 men, 3066 women) participated in this descriptive cross-sectional analysis. Possible predictors of vitamin D inadequacy were evaluated via multiple logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: The median serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels were 61...
January 14, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077811/nutrition-status-predicts-severity-of-vascular-calcification-in-non-dialyzed-chronic-kidney-disease
#16
Kazuhiro Harada, Susumu Suzuki, Hideki Ishii, Kenshi Hirayama, Toshijiro Aoki, Yohei Shibata, Yosuke Negishi, Takuya Sumi, Kazuhiro Kawashima, Ayako Kunimura, Yosuke Tatami, Toshiki Kawamiya, Dai Yamamoto, Ryota Morimoto, Yoshinari Yasuda, Toyoaki Murohara
BACKGROUND: Vascular calcification is a major complication in chronic kidney disease (CKD) that increases the risk of adverse clinical outcomes. Geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) is a simple nutritional assessment tool that predicts poor prognosis in elderly subjects. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the correlation between GNRI and severity of vascular calcification in non-dialyzed CKD patients.Methods and Results:We enrolled 323 asymptomatic CKD patients. To evaluate abdominal aortic calcification (AAC), we used aortic calcification index (ACI) determined on non-contrast computed tomography...
January 12, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077154/incremental-decreases-in-quality-adjusted-life-years-qaly-associated-with-higher-levels-of-depressive-symptoms-for-u-s-adults-aged-65-years-and-older
#17
Haomiao Jia, Erica I Lubetkin
BACKGROUND: Quality-adjusted life years (QALY) is a single value index that quantifies the overall burden of disease. It reflects all aspects of heath, including nonfatal illness and mortality outcomes by weighting life-years lived with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) scores. This study examine the burden of disease due to increasing levels of depressive symptoms by examining the association between the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) scores and QALY for U.S. adults aged 65 years and older...
January 11, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075340/bioactive-nutrients-and-nutrigenomics-in-age-related-diseases
#18
REVIEW
Tania Rescigno, Luigina Micolucci, Mario F Tecce, Anna Capasso
The increased life expectancy and the expansion of the elderly population are stimulating research into aging. Aging may be viewed as a multifactorial process that results from the interaction of genetic and environmental factors, which include lifestyle. Human molecular processes are influenced by physiological pathways as well as exogenous factors, which include the diet. Dietary components have substantive effects on metabolic health; for instance, bioactive molecules capable of selectively modulating specific metabolic pathways affect the development/progression of cardiovascular and neoplastic disease...
January 8, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063514/undernutrition-as-independent-predictor-of-early-mortality-in%C3%A2-elderly-cancer-patients
#19
Renata B Martucci, Mariana V Barbosa, Cristiane A D'Almeida, Viviane D Rodrigues, Anke Bergmann, Nivaldo B de Pinho, Luiz Claudio S Thuler
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the 1-y survival of elderly patients with cancer and the association between undernutrition and mortality. METHODS: This was a cohort study with elderly patients ages ≥65 y admitted between September and October 2014. A nutritionist performed a Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF) assessment during 48 h of hospital admission and collected data about potential confounding variables (comorbidities, stage of cancer, treatment in the previous 3 mo, and reason for hospitalization)...
February 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061830/age-nutrition-chirugie-anc-study-impact-of-a-geriatric-intervention-on-the-screening-and-management-of-undernutrition-in-elderly-patients-operated-on-for-colon-cancer-a-stepped-wedge-controlled-trial
#20
Marine Dupuis, Elisabetta Kuczewski, Laurent Villeneuve, Sylvie Bin-Dorel, Max Haine, Claire Falandry, Thomas Gilbert, Guillaume Passot, Olivier Glehen, Marc Bonnefoy
BACKGROUND: Undernutrition prior to major abdominal surgery is frequent and increases morbidity and mortality, especially in older patients. The management of undernutrition reduces postoperative complications. Nutritional management should be a priority in patient care during the preoperative period. However undernutrition is rarely detected and the guidelines are infrequently followed. Preoperative undernutrition screening should allow a better implementation of the guidelines. METHODS/DESIGN: The ANC ("Age Nutrition Chirurgie") study is an interventional, comparative, prospective, multicenter, randomized protocol based on the stepped wedge trial design...
January 7, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
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