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nutrition status in the elderly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806113/-hungarian-diet-and-nutritional-status-survey-the-otap2014-study-v-vitamin-intake-of-the-hungarian-population
#1
Erzsébet Schreiberné Molnár, Zsuzsanna Nagy-Lőrincz, Barbara Nagy, Márta Bakacs, Orsolya Kis, Eszter Sarkadi Nagy, Éva Martos
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: The Hungarian Diet and Nutritional Status Survey was implemented on a sub-sample of the European Health Interview Survey. In this paper, the authors present the data on the vitamin intake of the Hungarian population. METHOD: The survey represents the vitamin intake of the Hungarian non-institutionalised adult population of 18 years and older. There are significant differences between men's and women's vitamin intake. RESULTS: The intake of all water-soluble vitamins except for vitamin C is higher in men than in women, and the difference between the genders regarding the intake of vitamin E and D is significant...
August 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790349/association-between-frailty-and-hypertension-prevalence-treatment-and-control-in-the-elderly-korean-population
#2
Min-Gu Kang, Sun-Wook Kim, Sol-Ji Yoon, Jung-Yeon Choi, Kwang-Il Kim, Cheol-Ho Kim
Frailty is a common geriatric syndrome characterized by increased risk of disability, hospitalization, and mortality. Hypertension (HTN) is one of the most common chronic medical conditions in the elderly. However, there have been few studies regarding the association between frailty and HTN prevalence, treatment, and control rates. We analyzed data of 4,352 older adults (age ≥ 65 years) from the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. We constructed a frailty index based on 42 items and classified participants as robust, pre-frail, or frail...
August 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780555/observational-study-of-vascular-dementia-in-the-spanish-elderly-population-according-to-type-2-diabetes-status-trends-in-incidence-characteristics-and-outcomes-2004-2013
#3
Nuria Muñoz-Rivas, Manuel Méndez-Bailón, José M de Miguel-Yanes, Valentín Hernández-Barrera, Javier de Miguel-Díez, Rodrigo Jimenez-Garcia, Ana López-de-Andrés
OBJECTIVES: To examine trends overtime in the incidence and in-hospital outcomes of vascular dementia (VaD) hospitalisations in patients aged 70 years or over suffering and not suffering from type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) between 2004 and 2013 in Spain. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Spain. PARTICIPANTS: National hospital discharge data were used; patients aged ≥70, discharged from a hospital with VaD as a primary diagnosis, were selected...
August 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779822/impairments-in-skin-integrity
#4
REVIEW
Rose W Murphree
Altered skin integrity increases the chance of infection, impaired mobility, and decreased function and may result in the loss of limb or, sometimes, life. Skin is affected by both intrinsic and extrinsic factors. Intrinsic factors can include altered nutritional status, vascular disease issues, and diabetes. Extrinsic factors include falls, accidents, pressure, immobility, and surgical procedures. Ensuring skin integrity in the elderly requires a team approach and includes the individual, caregivers, and clinicians...
September 2017: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777356/health-effects-of-carotenoids-during-pregnancy-and-lactation
#5
REVIEW
Monika A Zielińska, Aleksandra Wesołowska, Beata Pawlus, Jadwiga Hamułka
Adequate nutrition is particularly important during pregnancy since it is needed not only for maintaining the health of the mother, but also determines the course of pregnancy and its outcome, fetus development as well as the child's health after birth and during the later period of life. Data coming from epidemiological and interventions studies support the observation that carotenoids intake provide positive health effects in adults and the elderly population. These health effects are the result of their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties...
August 4, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767924/elderly-with-knee-osteoarthritis-should-perform-nutritional-assessment-integrative-literature-review
#6
Isabelle Ferreira da Silva Souza, Rosa Sá de Oliveira Neta, Juliana Maria Gazzola, Marcelo Cardoso de Souza
To review scientific literature to assess nutritional status of elderly patients with osteoarthritis in the last 16 years. This is an integrative literature review that included articles published in national and international journals indexed in PubMed, SciELO and BIREME. We selected 14 articles, and English language was predominant. The year of publication of articles ranged from 2006 to 2016, and most of papers were cross-sectional studies. To gather papers and for posterior evaluate, we used a validated data collection instrument and the included studies were critical analyzed by reading, gathering and analysis of articles...
April 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766750/using-food-comfortability-to-compare-food-s-sensory-characteristics-expectations-of-elderly-people-with-or-without-oral-health-problems
#7
Mathilde Vandenberghe-Descamps, Claire Sulmont-Rossé, Chantal Septier, Gilles Feron, Hélène Labouré
Food consumption is by far the most important point where food's organoleptic properties can be perceived and can elicit sensory pleasure. Ageing is often accompanied by oral impairments. Those impairments may impact food perception by changing texture perception and the release of flavor components, which have a significant impact on food acceptability. The present study aimed at evaluating the impact of oral health on the perception of food comfortability in an elderly population. This was achieved by asking elderly people with a good oral health and elderly people with poor oral health to rate six cereal products and six meat products using a food comfortability questionnaire...
August 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763310/elderly-patients-with-multiple-myeloma-towards-a-frailty-approach
#8
Sonja Zweegman, Monika Engelhardt, Alessandra Larocca
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe how to better identify frail multiple myeloma patients and to treat them appropriately. RECENT FINDINGS: Proteasome inhibitors, such as bortezomib, carfilzomib, and ixazomib, and immunomodulatory agents (IMiDs), such as thalidomide, lenalidomide, and pomalidomide, have significantly improved the outcome of multiple myeloma patients in the last decade. However, both in clinical trials and in daily clinical practice, elderly multiple myeloma patients have shown lesser benefit...
July 29, 2017: Current Opinion in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762628/prognostic-value-of-physical-function-tests-and-muscle-mass-in-elderly-hospitalized-patients-a-prospective-observational-study
#9
Rubén Hernández-Luis, Esther Martín-Ponce, María Monereo-Muñoz, Geraldine Quintero-Platt, Silvia Odeh-Santana, Emilio González-Reimers, Francisco Santolaria
AIM: To determine the prognostic value for mortality of physical function tests, muscle mass loss, disability and frailty in elderly hospitalized patients. METHODS: We prospectively included 298 hospitalized patients aged >60 years (152 men and 146 women). We assessed comorbidity using the Charlson Comorbidity Index; nutrition by body mass index, midarm muscle area and subjective nutritional score; physical muscle function by handgrip strength, gait speed, standing balance and stand up test; disability using the Barthel test and activities of daily living; frailty by the clinical frailty scale and Fried frailty index; and cognitive impairment by the Pfeiffer test...
August 1, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760658/frailty-body-composition-and-nutritional-status-in-non-institutionalised-elderly
#10
Leonel São Romão Preto, Maria do Carmo Dias Conceição, Telma Martins Figueiredo, Maria Augusta Pereira Mata, Pedro Miguel Barreira Preto, Ester Mateo Aguilar
OBJECTIVE: Frailty is a clinical syndrome characterized, among other signs, by involuntary weight loss and decreased muscle strength. The aim of this study was to analyse associations between frailty, body composition and nutritional status in non-institutionalised elderly people in the municipality of Alfândega (Braganza-Portugal). METHOD: Observational, prevalence and association study involving 220 elderly (mean 75.8±6.8 years of age; 68.8% women). Frailty was assessedt according to Fried criteria, body composition by bioelectrical impedance analysis and nutritional status using the Mini Nutritional Assessment Short-Form...
July 28, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760428/influence-of-nutritional-status-in-the-diagnosis-of-sarcopenia-in-nursing-home-residents
#11
Beatriz Lardiés-Sánchez, Alejandro Sanz-París, Javier Pérez-Nogueras, Antonio Serrano-Oliver, María E Torres-Anoro, Alfonso J Cruz-Jentoft
OBJECTIVES: Malnutrition and sarcopenia frequently coexist in elderly patients. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of nutritional status in the diagnosis of sarcopenia in nursing home residents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed with data collected from 339 elderly patients living in five nursing homes. Sarcopenia was defined according to the consensus definition of the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People. Body mass composition was assessed using bioimpedance analysis, handgrip strength using a dynamometer, and physical performance by 5-m gait speed test...
September 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751368/functional-correlates-of-detailed-body-composition-in-healthy-elderly-subjects
#12
Corinna Geisler, Lisa Schweitzer, Manfred James Müller
Methods of body composition analysis (BCA) are now widely used to characterize health status, i.e. nutritional status, metabolic rates and cardio-metabolic risk factors. However, the functional correlates of individual body components have not been systematically analyzed. A 2-compartment model was assessed by air displacement plethysmographie, detailed body composition (BC)was measured by whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a healthy population of 40 Caucasians aged 65 to 81 years (20 males; body mass index range: 18...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750610/an-exploratory-study-on-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-a-bcaa-preparation-used-in-combination-with-cardiac-rehabilitation-for-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure
#13
Munenori Takata, Eisuke Amiya, Masafumi Watanabe, Yumiko Hosoya, Atsuko Nakayama, Takayuki Fujiwara, Masanobu Taya, Gaku Oguri, Kanako Hyodo, Naoko Takayama, Nami Takano, Tomoe Mashiko, Yukari Uemura, Issei Komuro
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia is generally complicated with patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) and its presence negatively affects the course of heart failure, however effective nutritional intervention had not been elucidated yet. The primary objective of this study is to explore whether the addition of a branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) preparation for cardiac rehabilitation (CR) of patients with CHF further improves cardiopulmonary functions, skeletal muscle functions, and metabolism in comparison with conventional CR...
July 27, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746913/mid-arm-muscle-circumference-as-a-surrogate-in-predicting-insulin-resistance-in-non-obese-elderly-individuals
#14
Yuan-Ping Chao, Yi-Fen Lai, Tung-Wei Kao, Tao-Chun Peng, Yuan-Yung Lin, Mu-Tsun Shih, Wei-Liang Chen, Li-Wei Wu
The homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) was used to measure the degree of insulin resistance (IR). Previous literature revealed that mid-arm muscle circumference (MAMC) is one of the anthropometric indicators for nutritional status and the relationship between MAMC and HOMA-IR remains uncertain in the obese and non-obese elderly individuals. The present study included 5,607 participants aged between 60 to 84 years old, using data from the 1999 to 2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)...
July 18, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743834/mid-arm-muscle-circumference-as-a-substantial-factor-against-mortality-among-people-with-elevated-gamma-gaps
#15
Yuan-Ping Chao, Yi-Fen Lai, Tung-Wei Kao, Tao-Chun Peng, Yuan-Yung Lin, Mu-Tsun Shih, Wei-Liang Chen, Li-Wei Wu
Gamma gap is the difference in total serum proteins and albumin and an elevated gamma gap is related to infections, malignancy, and rheumatic diseases. An elevated gamma gap is also associated with higher mortality due to the correlation with inflammatory status. The study aimed to utilize mid-arm muscle circumference (MAMC) to assist in predicting all-cause mortality, cancer mortality, and cardiovascular mortality in people with elevated gamma gaps. Data were obtained from the third U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1988-1994), which contained 14,011 adults aged 20 to 90 years during up to 14...
July 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743402/anaemia-in-the-elderly
#16
REVIEW
Susana Gómez Ramírez, Ángel Francisco Remacha Sevilla, Manuel Muñoz Gómez
Anaemia is common in the elderly and is associated with an increased risk of physical, functional, and cognitive impairment, hospitalisation and mortality. Although it is unknown whether anaemia is a causal factor or a subrogated marker of worse health status, its correction can improve the patients' physical and functional capacity. Detection, classification, and treatment of anaemia should be a priority for the health system. The main causes of anaemia in the elderly are nutritional deficiencies and chronic disease, with or without kidney failure, although some cases are of indeterminate origin...
July 22, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721433/oral-health-and-the-frail-elderly
#17
L Rapp, S Sourdet, B Vellas, M-H Lacoste-Ferré
INTRODUCTION: The relationships between oral health conditions and frailty have rarely been explored. A systematic review of frailty components and oral health concluded that differences in study population endpoint criteria and study design cannot establish a relationship between frailty and oral health. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to describe the distribution of the OHAT (Oral Health Assessment Tool) score in a population of frail subjects and to assess associated parameters (age, socio-economic status, living conditions, education level, nutritional habits, cognitive functioning, autonomy)...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709461/do-public-nursing-home-care-providers-deliver-higher-quality-than-private-providers-evidence-from-sweden
#18
Ulrika Winblad, Paula Blomqvist, Andreas Karlsson
BACKGROUND: Swedish nursing home care has undergone a transformation, where the previous virtual public monopoly on providing such services has been replaced by a system of mixed provision. This has led to a rapidly growing share of private actors, the majority of which are large, for-profit firms. In the wake of this development, concerns have been voiced regarding the implications for care quality. In this article, we investigate the relationship between ownership and care quality in nursing homes for the elderly by comparing quality levels between public, for-profit, and non-profit nursing home care providers...
July 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705163/a-comprehensive-intervention-following-the-clinical-pathway-of-eating-and-swallowing-disorder-in-the-elderly-with-dementia-historically-controlled-study
#19
Masahisa Arahata, Makoto Oura, Yuka Tomiyama, Naoe Morikawa, Hatsue Fujii, Shinji Minani, Yukihiro Shimizu
BACKGROUND: Eating problems in patients with advanced dementia are strongly associated with their deteriorating survival. Food and drink intake in people with dementia may be supported by specific interventions, but the effectiveness of such interventions is backed by almost no evidence. However, comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) might potentially clarify the etiology of decreased oral intake in people with dementia; thus improving their clinical outcomes. METHODS: This study was a single-arm, non-randomized trial that included historically controlled patients for comparison...
July 14, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701179/a-study-on-relationship-between-elderly-sarcopenia-and-inflammatory-factors-il-6-and-tnf-%C3%AE
#20
Ai-Lin Bian, Hui-Ying Hu, Yu-Dong Rong, Jian Wang, Jun-Xiong Wang, Xin-Zi Zhou
BACKGROUND: This report aims to study the relationship between sarcopenia of elderly in community and inflammatory factors IL-6 and TNF-α. METHODS: A total of 441 elders who undertook physical examinations were included into this study. The age of these subjects were >60, in which 235 subjects were male and 206 subjects were female. According to the diagnostic standards of sarcopenia set by EWGSOP and AWGS, these subjects were divided into two groups: sarcopenia, and non-sarcopenia groups...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Medical Research
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