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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991289/physical-activity-and-its-association-with-chronic-diseases-in-the-elderly-in-11-cities-of-peru
#1
Christian R Mejia, Araseli Verastegui-Díaz, Dante M Quiñones-Laveriano, Germán Aranzabal-Alegría, Virgilio E Failoc-Rojas
Aim: To determine the frequency of physical activity and its association with chronic diseases in the elderly in eleven cities of Peru. Methods: A cross-sectional study of secondary data was conducted; the dependent variable was not the realization of physical activity, chronic disease and other physio-anthropometric variables were independent variables. For bivariate and multivariate analysis generalized linear models were used. A confidence level of 95% and p < 0...
2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991273/estrategias-educativas-y-de-evaluaci%C3%A3-n-en-la-formaci%C3%A3-n-de-m%C3%A3-dicos-especialistas
#2
Verónica Alejandra Gaona-Flores, Luz Arcelia Campos-Navarro, Jesús Arenas-Osuna, Enrique Alcalá-Martínez
Antecedentes: Las estrategias didácticas se han definido como procedimientos, medios o recursos que el docente utiliza para promover el aprendizaje significativo. Objetivo: Identificar las estrategias de enseñanza y de evaluación que utiliza el profesor con residentes en hospitales de tercer nivel de atención médica. Método: Estudio transversal, con profesores de diversas especialidades, en el Centro Médico Nacional La Raza. Se aplicó un cuestionario que valora las estrategias utilizadas en la enseñanza y la evaluación...
2017: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991271/diabetes-mellitus-y-atrofia-%C3%A3-ptica-estudio-del-s%C3%A3-ndrome-de-wolfram
#3
Bernardette Rivas-Gómez, Alfredo Adolfo Reza-Albarrán
Antecedentes: El síndrome de Wolfram (SW), también conocido por el acrónimo DIDMOAD, es una enfermedad hereditaria rara y progresiva, de transmisión autosómica recesiva, cuyos criterios diagnósticos mínimos son diabetes mellitus y atrofia óptica antes de los 15 años de edad. Objetivo: Describir la presentación clínica, bioquímica y molecular del SW en un hospital de tercer nivel en México. Material y Métodos: Se revisaron los expedientes de pacientes que cumplían con criterios diagnósticos clínicos mínimos de SW atendidos entre enero de 1987 y mayo de 2015 en un hospital de tercer nivel en -México...
2017: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977239/communicating-bad-news-an-integrative-review-of-the-nursing-literature
#4
Cassiana Mendes Bertoncello Fontes, Daniele Vieira de Menezes, Maria Helena Borgato, Marcos Roberto Luiz
Objectives: describe how the process of breaking bad news is established and identify how nurses approach the task of giving bad news. Method: integrative review of the literature for articles in Portuguese and English published between 1993-2014, in the databases: Bireme, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, CINAHL and Embase. Nine articles were included using the selection flow chart. A digital form was completed for each article according to the Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Research checklist and the level of scientific evidence was determined...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977232/humanization-in-the-intensive-care-perception-of-family-and-healthcare-professionals
#5
Flavia Feron Luiz, Rita Catalina Aquino Caregnato, Márcia Rosa da Costa
Objective: Understanding perceptions of family members and healthcare professionals about humanization at the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) to direct it to an educational action. Method: Exploratory descriptive and qualitative study conducted in an ICU level 3 of a public hospital in Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil, with fourteen subjects, eight family members and six healthcare professionals. Data collection carried out through semi-structured interviews and focus group. Content Analysis was used...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977227/sexual-orientation-and-quality-of-life-of-people-living-with-hiv-aids
#6
Francisco Braz Milanez Oliveira, Artur Acelino Francisco Luz Nunes Queiroz, Álvaro Francisco Lopes de Sousa, Maria Eliete Batista Moura, Renata Karina Reis
Objective: To analyze whether sexual orientation affects the quality of life of people living with HIV/Aids (PLWHA). Method: A cross-sectional analytical study was carried out with 146 PLWHA in Teresina, capital city of the state of Piauí, in 2013, by means of the WHOQOL-HIV-bref. Descriptive analysis and multiple linear regression were used for data analysis. Results: There was a prevalence of men (63.7%), non-heterosexual (57.0%), aged between 19 and 39 years (89%)...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977225/job-satisfaction-in-an-oncology-nursing-team
#7
Vagnára Ribeiro da Silva, Luciane de Souza Velasque, Teresa Tonini
Objective: to identify the level of attributed, perceived and real job satisfaction of oncology nursing professionals and analyze the relationships between the levels of satisfaction among these workers. Method: a descriptive, quantitative cross-sectional study was conducted using the Index of Work Satisfaction (IWS) to evaluate the nursing team, nurses and technicians/auxiliaries. A total of 348 workers answered the questionnaire, of which 216 were fully completed and considered for the IWS calculation...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977222/weaving-the-west-psychosocial-care-network-of-the-municipality-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo
#8
Maria do Perpétuo Socorro de Sousa Nóbrega, Alessandra Matheus Domingos, Ana Stella de Azevedo Silveira, Jussara Carvalho Dos Santos
Objective: to understand how health service professionals involved in the care of users in psychic distress perceive the organization of the Psychosocial Care Network (RAPS - Rede de Atenção Psicossocial) in the western region of the city of São Paulo. Method: qualitative approach study conducted with 123 professionals with higher education who work in the care points of the network. A semi-structured interview was performed and data were submitted to the Alceste program for lexical analysis...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954166/care-coordination-in-pmaq-ab-an-item-response-theory-based-analysis
#9
Miriam Francisco de Souza, Alaneir de Fatima Dos Santos, Ilka Afonso Reis, Marcos Antônio da Cunha Santos, Alzira de Oliveira Jorge, Antônio Tomaz Gonzaga da Matta Machado, Eli Iola Gurgel Andrade, Mariangela Leal Cherchiglia
OBJECTIVE: Analyze the quality of the National Program for Primary Care Access and Quality Improvement variables to evaluate the coordination of primary care. METHODS: A cross-sectional study based on data from 17,202 primary care teams that participated in the National Program for Primary Care Access and Quality Improvement in 2012. Based on the Item Response Theory, Samejima's Gradual Response Model was used to estimate the score related to the level of coordination...
2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902934/assessment-and-management-of-pain-in-newborns-hospitalized-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Natália Pinheiro Braga Sposito, Lisabelle Mariano Rossato, Mariana Bueno, Amélia Fumiko Kimura, Taine Costa, Danila Maria Batista Guedes
Objective: to determine the frequency of pain, to verify the measures adopted for pain relief during the first seven days of hospitalization in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit and to identify the type and frequency of invasive procedures to which newborns are submitted. Method: cross-sectional retrospective study. Out of the 188 hospitalizations occurred during the 12-month period, 171 were included in the study. The data were collected from the charts and the presence of pain was analyzed based on the Neonatal Infant Pain Scale and on nursing notes suggestions of pain...
September 12, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902325/interface-between-social-support-quality-of-life-and-depression-in-users-eligible-for-palliative-care
#11
Cissa Azevedo, Juliana Dias Reis Pessalacia, Luciana Regina Ferreira da Mata, Elma Lourdes Campos Pavone Zoboli, Maria da Graça Pereira
OBJECTIVE: Analyzing the relationship between social support, quality of life and depression in patients eligible for palliative care at Primary Health Care of a municipality in the interior of Minas Gerais, Brazil. METHOD: A correlational cross-sectional study carried out with patients treated in six primary health care units. Data were submitted to descriptive statistical analysis, tests for differences between averages and medians, and correlation tests. The significance level was 0...
August 28, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902234/monitoring-of-post-vaccination-anti-hbs-titles-vaccine-in-children-and-adolescents-in-the-pre-dialysis-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#12
Nathália Cristina Pereira da Costa, Mônica Ribeiro Canhestro, Cristina Maria Bouissou Morais Soares, Juliana Scudilio Rodrigues
Introduction: Bacterial or viral diseases are one of the major causes of death in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). These patients show a quantitative reduction of levels of antibodies over time. Among the infectious diseases that affect CKD patients, stands out hepatitis B (HB). Immunization and control of antibodies levels against the hepatitis B surface antigen (anti-HBs) are ways to prevent the HB infection in this population. Patients with anti-HBs levels ≥10 IU/ml are considered adequate responders, whereas those with anti-HBs levels ≥ 100 IU/ml are considered excellent responders...
August 28, 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876413/experimentation-with-psychoactive-substances-by-public-school-students
#13
Maria Eliane de Andrade, Igor Henrique Farias Santos, Antônio Araújo Menezes de Souza, Aliane Caroline Santos Silva, Tatiane Dos Santos Leite, Cristiane Costa da Cunha Oliveira, Ricardo Luiz Cavalcanti de Albuquerque
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence of exposure to psychoactive substances in public students of basic education and its association with sociodemographic characteristics. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional survey conducted from March to September 2015, involving 1,009 students of the basic and high school education in 20 public schools in the municipality of Aracaju, State of Sergipe, Brazil. The data have been compiled using questionnaires previously applied in national studies of the Brazilian Center for Psychotropic Drugs...
September 4, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874188/determinants-of-first-time-utilization-of-long-term-care-services-in-the-netherlands-an-observational-record-linkage-study
#14
Laurentius C J Slobbe, Albert Wong, Robert A Verheij, Hans A M van Oers, Johan J Polder
BACKGROUND: Since in an ageing society more long-term care (LTC) facilities are needed, it is important to understand the main determinants of first-time utilization of (LTC) services. METHODS: The Andersen service model, which distinguishes predisposing, enabling and need factors, was used to develop a model for first-time utilization of LTC services among the general population of the Netherlands. We used data on 214,821 persons registered in a database of general practitioners (NIVEL Primary Care Database)...
September 5, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859019/age-specific-antibiotic-prescribing-and-adherence-to-guidelines-in-pediatric-patients-in-primary-care
#15
Verica Ivanovska, Karin Hek, Aukje K Mantel-Teeuwisse, Hubert G M Leufkens, Liset van Dijk
BACKGROUND: Most antibiotics in children are used to treat viral and self-limiting conditions. This study aims to compare physicians' adherence to guidelines on antibiotic prescribing in fever and in ear and respiratory infections to children in different age groups in the Netherlands. METHODS: Data were used from the NIVEL Primary Care Database. For all pediatric episodes of fever, acute otitis media (AOM), streptococcal pharyngitis (strep throat), sinusitis, acute tonsillitis, acute bronchitis/bronchiolitis and pneumonia in 2012, we determined whether national guidelines were followed in regard to whether an antibiotic was prescribed, and the type of antibiotic...
August 28, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837578/atopic-children-and-use-of-prescribed-medication-a-comprehensive-study-in-general-practice
#16
David H J Pols, Mark M J Nielen, Arthur M Bohnen, Joke C Korevaar, Patrick J E Bindels
PURPOSE: A comprehensive and representative nationwide general practice database was explored to study associations between atopic disorders and prescribed medication in children. METHOD: All children aged 0-18 years listed in the NIVEL Primary Care Database in 2014 were selected. Atopic children with atopic eczema, asthma and allergic rhinitis (AR) were matched with controls (not diagnosed with any of these disorders) within the same general practice on age and gender...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832758/risk-factors-for-syphilis-in-women-case-control-study
#17
Vilma Costa de Macêdo, Pedro Israel Cabral de Lira, Paulo Germano de Frias, Luciana Maria Delgado Romaguera, Silvana de Fátima Ferreira Caires, Ricardo Arraes de Alencar Ximenes
OBJECTIVE: To determine the sociodemographic, behavioral, and health care factors related to the occurrence of syphilis in women treated at public maternity hospitals. METHODS: This is a case-control study (239 cases and 322 controls) with women admitted to seven maternity hospitals in the municipality of Recife, Brazil, from July 2013 to July 2014. Eligible women were recruited after the result of the VDRL (Venereal Disease Research Laboratory) under any titration...
August 17, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793127/development-and-validation-of-the-hospitality-axiological-scale-for-humanization-of-nursing-care
#18
José María Galán González-Serna, Soledad Ferreras-Mencia, Juan Manuel Arribas-Marín
Objective: to develop and validate a scale to evaluate nursing attitudes in relation to hospitality for the humanization of nursing care. Participants: the sample consisted of 499 nursing professionals and undergraduate students of the final two years of the Bachelor of Science in Nursing program. Method: the instrument has been developed and validated to evaluate the ethical values related to hospitality using a methodological approach. Subsequently, a model was developed to measure the dimensions forming the construct hospitality...
August 3, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793125/clinical-simulation-with-dramatization-gains-perceived-by-students-and-health-professionals
#19
Elaine Cristina Negri, Alessandra Mazzo, José Carlos Amado Martins, Gerson Alves Pereira, Rodrigo Guimarães Dos Santos Almeida, César Eduardo Pedersoli
Objective: to identify in the literature the gains health students and professionals perceive when using clinical simulation with dramatization resources. Method: integrative literature review, using the method proposed by the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI). A search was undertaken in the following databases: Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature, Web of Science, National Library of Medicine, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, The Cochrane Library, Scopus, Scientific Electronic Library Online...
August 3, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793097/stress-and-optimism-of-elderlies-who-are-caregivers-for-elderlies-and-live-with-children
#20
Nathalia Alves de Oliveira, Érica Nestor Souza, Bruna Moretti Luchesi, Keika Inouye, Sofia Cristina Iost Pavarini
Objective: to evaluate the relation between stress and optimism of elderlies who are informal caregivers for elderlies and live with children. Method: cross-sectional study on 50 elderlies who provide care to elderlies, live with children, and are registered in the primary health care. The interviews occurred in the participant's residence and we evaluated characteristics of the care-dependent elderly and of the children, sociodemographic characteristics, stress through the Perceived Stress Scale and optimism through the Pinto and Pais-Ribeiro Spirituality Scale, in the elderly caregiver...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
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