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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444093/electrical-stimulation-attenuates-morphological-alterations-and-prevents-atrophy-of-the-denervated-cranial-tibial-muscle
#1
Cleuber Rodrigo de Souza Bueno, Mizael Pereira, Idvaldo Aparecido Favaretto, Carlos Henrique Fachin Bortoluci, Thais Caroline Pereira Dos Santos, Daniel Ventura Dias, Letícia Rossi Daré, Geraldo Marco Rosa
Objective: To investigate if electrical stimulation through Russian current is able to maintain morphology of the cranial tibial muscle of experimentally denervated rats. Methods: Thirty-six Wistar rats were divided into four groups: the Initial Control Group, Final Control Group, Experimental Denervated and Treated Group, Experimental Denervated Group. The electrostimulation was performed with a protocol of Russian current applied three times per week, for 45 days...
January 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444092/patients-with-endometriosis-using-positive-coping-strategies-have-less-depression-stress-and-pelvic-pain
#2
Lilian Donatti, Denise Gimenez Ramos, Marina de Paula Andres, Leigh Jonathan Passman, Sérgio Podgaec
Objective: To determine the correlations between coping strategies, depression, stress levels and pain perception in patients with endometriosis. Methods: This prospective and exploratory study included 171 women undergoing treatment for endometriosis between April and August 2014. The questionnaires used were Brief COPE, Beck Depression Inventory, Lipp's Stress Symptom Inventory for Adults and Visual Analogue Scale. Clinical data were collected from electronic medical records...
2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444091/risk-factors-for-mortality-in-ventilator-associated-tracheobronchitis-a-case-control-study
#3
Leonilda Giani Pontes, Fernando Gatti de Menezes, Priscila Gonçalves, Alexandra do Rosário Toniolo, Claudia Vallone Silva, Julia Yaeko Kawagoe, Camila Marques Dos Santos, Helena Maria Fernandes Castagna, Marinês Dalla Valle Martino, Luci Corrêa
Objective: To describe the microbiological characteristics and to assess the risk factors for mortality of ventilator-associated tracheobronchitis in a case-control study of intensive care patients. Methods: This case-control study was conducted over a 6-year period in a 40-bed medical-surgical intensive care unit in a tertiary care, private hospital in São Paulo, Brazil. Case patients were identified using the Nosocomial Infection Control Committee database. For the analysis of risk factors, matched control subjects were selected from the same institution at a 1:8...
2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444088/hypertension-in-patients-admitted-to-clinical-units-at-university-hospital-post-discharge-evaluation-rated-by-telephone
#4
Cássia Lima de Campos, Angela Maria Geraldo Pierin, Natalia Alencar de Pinho
Objective: To characterize hypertensive patients after admission to hospital considering the current status, compliance to treatment, habits and lifestyle, and knowledge and beliefs about the disease. Methods: This was an exploratory study with 265 hypertensive patients admitted to a medical inpatients unit of a university hospital. Data were collected in an interview over the telephone. The level of significance was set as p<0.05. Results: It was found that 32% of hypertensive patients had died...
2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444085/blood-pressure-documentation-in-the-emergency-department
#5
Ana Carolina Queiroz Godoy Daniel, Juliana Pereira Machado, Eugenia Velludo Veiga
Objective: To analyze the frequency of blood pressure documentation performed by nursing professionals in an emergency department. Methods: This is a cross-sectional, observational, descriptive, and analytical study, which included medical records of adult patients admitted to the observation ward of an emergency department, between March and May 2014. Data were obtained through a collection instrument divided into three parts: patient identification, triage data, and blood pressure documentation...
2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444063/effect-of-lactation-on-myocardial-vulnerability-to-ischemic-insult-in-rats
#6
Sahar Askari, Alireza Imani, Hamidreza Sadeghipour, Mahdieh Faghihi, Zohreh Edalatyzadeh, Samira Choopani, Nasser Karimi, Sulail Fatima
Background: Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of mortality and long-term disability worldwide. Various studies have suggested a protective effect of lactation in reducing the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Objective: This study was designed to assess the effects of pregnancy and lactation on the vulnerability of the myocardium to an ischemic insult. Methods: Eighteen female rats were randomly divided into three groups: ischemia-reperfusion (IR), in which the hearts of virgin rats underwent IR (n = 6); lactating, in which the rats nursed their pups for 3 weeks and the maternal hearts were then submitted to IR (n = 6); and non-lactating, in which the pups were separated after birth and the maternal hearts were submitted to IR (n = 6)...
April 20, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423139/trend-of-leprosy-in-individuals-under-the-age-of-15-in-mato-grosso-brazil-2001-2013
#7
Bruna Hinnah Borges Martins de Freitas, Denise da Costa Boamorte Cortela, Silvana Margarida Benevides Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: To identify the historical trend of leprosy epidemiological indicators in individuals under the age of 15 in the state of Mato Grosso. METHODS: Descriptive study with trend analysis of leprosy indicators in individuals under the age of fifteen registered in the Mato Grosso's System for Notifiable Diseases between 2001 and 2013. We used the Prais-Winsten procedure for analyzing generalized linear regression at a significance level of 5%. We considered as increasing time series when the annual percent change was positive, decreasing when negative and stationary when there was no significant difference between its value and zero...
April 10, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423137/psychometric-properties-of-the-vulnerability-to-abuse-screening-scale-for-screening-abuse-of-older-adults
#8
Raquel Batista Dantas, Graziella Lage Oliveira, Andréa Maria Silveira
OBJECTIVE: Adapt and evaluate the psychometric properties of the Vulnerability to Abuse Screening Scale to identify risk of domestic violence against older adults in Brazil. METHODS: The instrument was adapted and validated in a sample of 151 older adults from a geriatric reference center in the municipality of Belo Horizonte, State of Minas Gerais, in 2014. We collected sociodemographic, clinical, and abuse-related information, and verified reliability by reproducibility in a sample of 55 older people, who underwent re-testing of the instrument seven days after the first application...
April 10, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421809/ingestas-de-energ%C3%A3-a-y-nutrientes-recomendadas-en-la-uni%C3%A3-n-europea-2008-2016
#9
Antoni García Gabarra, Marta Castellà Soley, Alicia Calleja Fernández
Esta revisión tiene por objeto reflejar los cambios producidos en la legislación de la Unión Europea y los dictámenes de la Autoridad Europea de Seguridad Alimentaria en relación al etiquetado nutricional de los alimentos, a los valores de referencia de energía, macronutrientes y micronutrientes, y a los niveles máximos de ingesta tolerable. La vigente legislación europea utiliza los valores de referencia para el etiquetado establecidos por el Comité Científico de la Alimentación Humana en 2003. Sería aconsejable una actualización de los mismos a partir de los valores de referencia establecidos por dicha autoridad europea para vitaminas y minerales...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421801/actitudes-de-escolares-chilenos-de-distinto-nivel-socioecon%C3%A3-mico-al-inicio-de-la-implementaci%C3%A3-n-de-la-ley-que-regula-la-venta-y-publicidad-de-alimentos-altos-en-nutrientes-cr%C3%A3-ticos
#10
Sonia Olivares Cortes, Jacqueline Araneda Flores, Gladys Morales Illanes, Bárbara Leyton Dinamarca, Nelly Bustos Zapata, María Angélica Hernández Moreno, María Teresa Oyarzún Macchiavello
Introducción: el 27 de junio de 2016 se implementó en Chile la Ley sobre Composición Nutricional de los Alimentos y su Publicidad, que implica rotular el envase de los alimentos procesados, altos en calorías, grasas saturadas, azúcares y sodio.Objetivo: determinar las actitudes de escolares de 8 a 12 años, de distinto nivel socioeconómico (NSE) y estado nutricional, ante el nuevo etiquetado de los alimentos.Métodos: se aplicó una encuesta validada previamente, agregando preguntas sobre los nuevos sellos en los envases de alimentos y bebidas...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421800/prevalencia-y-factores-asociados-al-consumo-de-bebidas-azucaradas-en-escolares-de-9-a-17-a%C3%A3-os-de-bogot%C3%A3-colombia-estudio-fuprecol
#11
Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Juan Camilo Fuerte-Celis, Javier Martínez-Torres, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista
Objetivo: determinar la prevalencia y los factores asociados al consumo de bebidas azucaradas en una población escolar de Bogotá, Colombia, pertenecientes al Estudio FUPRECOL.Métodos: estudio descriptivo y transversal, realizado en 8.136 niños y adolescentes en edad escolar entre 9 y 17 años de Bogotá, Colombia. El peso, la estatura, el índice de masa corporal (IMC), la circunferencia de cintura y el porcentaje de grasa se recogieron como marcadores antropométricos y de composición corporal. El consumo de bebidas azucaradas (bebidas carbonatadas, jugos ultra-procesados y/o té), y los factores asociados (sexo, edad, obesidad abdominal, clasificación del IMC, grado de estudios de la madre/padre, y nivel nutricional por cuestionario "Krece plus" indicador de adherencia a la dieta mediterránea), se recogieron por encuesta estructurada...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421789/in%C3%AF-uencia-del-aceite-de-coco-en-enfermos-de-alzh%C3%A3-imer-a-nivel-cognitivo
#12
José Enrique De la Rubia Ortí, Carmen Sánchez Álvarez, Pablo Selvi Sabater, Alma María Bueno Cayo, Sandra Sancho Castillo, Mariano Julián Rochina, Iván Hu Yang
Introducción: la enfermedad de Alzheimer es a día de hoy la demencia neurodegenerativa con mayor prevalencia en el primer mundo. Este hecho, unido a la falta de tratamiento farmacológico que cure la enfermedad, hace que se estudien nuevas estrategias terapéuticas no farmacológicas como es la administración de nutrientes. En este sentido, destaca la posible influencia del aceite de coco como fuente energética alternativa, capaz de frenar la muerte neuronal que se produce de modo progresivo en esta enfermedad...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412077/influenza-vaccine-effectiveness-estimates-in-the-dutch-population-from-2003-to-2014-the-test-negative-design-case-control-study-with-different-control-groups
#13
Eva van Doorn, Maryam Darvishian, Frederika Dijkstra, Gé A Donker, Pieter Overduin, Adam Meijer, Eelko Hak
Information about influenza vaccine effectiveness (IVE) is important for vaccine strain selection and immunization policy decisions. The test-negative design (TND) case-control study is commonly used to obtain IVE estimates. However, the definition of the control patients may influence IVE estimates. We have conducted a TND study using the Dutch Sentinel Practices of NIVEL Primary Care Database which includes data from patients who consulted the General Practitioner (GP) for an episode of acute influenza-like illness (ILI) or acute respiratory infection (ARI) with known influenza vaccination status...
April 12, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409210/how-common-are-foot-problems-among-individuals-with-diabetes-diabetic-foot-ulcers-in-the-dutch-population
#14
Robert M Stoekenbroek, Joost L C Lokin, Mark M Nielen, Erik S G Stroes, Mark J W Koelemay
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Contemporary data on diabetic foot ulcer prevalence are scarce. Most studies were conducted in the 1990s, reporting incidence rates of 1.9-2.6%. Since then the prevalence of diabetes has doubled and the organisation of diabetes care has undergone major changes. Up-to-date data that quantify the occurrence of diabetic foot ulcers are required and could serve as baseline measures for future studies. METHODS: Individuals with diabetes (n = 81,793) were identified from the NIVEL (Netherlands institute for health services research) Primary Care Database, which contains data for standardised routine care and is representative of the Dutch population...
April 13, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403339/effective-universal-coverage-of-diabetes-mellitus-type-2-in-chile
#15
Sara Guerrero-Núñez, Sandra Valenzuela-Suazo, Patricia Cid-Henríquez
Objective: determine the prevalence of Effective Universal Coverage of Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 in Chile and its relation with the variables: Health Care Coverage of Diabetes Mellitus Type 2; Average of diabetics with metabolic control in 2011-2013; Mortality Rate for Diabetes Mellitus; and Percentage of nurses participating in the Cardiovascular Health Program. Method: cross-sectional descriptive study with ecological components that uses documentary sources of the Ministry of Health...
April 6, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403335/auriculotherapy-to-reduce-anxiety-and-pain-in-nursing-professionals-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Leonice Fumiko Sato Kurebayashi, Ruth Natalia Teresa Turrini, Talita Pavarini Borges de Souza, Carolina Felicio Marques, Renata Tavares Franco Rodrigues, Karen Charlesworth
Objectives: to evaluate the effectiveness of the auricular protocol (APPA) in reducing pain and anxiety and improving the quality of life of the nursing staff of a hospital. Method: randomized clinical trial with an initial sample of 180 professionals divided into 4 groups Control (G1), Seed (G2), Needle (G3) and Tape (G4). The evaluation instruments were the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Pain Visual Analog Scale and Quality of Life instrument, applied at the start and after five and 10 sessions (five weeks)...
April 6, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380210/safety-and-health-of-professional-drivers-who-drive-on-brazilian-highways
#17
Fernanda Veruska Narciso, Marco Túlio de Mello
Traffic accidents and resulting injuries and deaths have become a global epidemic. In Brazil, most professional drivers, especially truck drivers, face irregular working hours and can be awake for more than 18 hours/day, which reduces their performance and alertness. In this article, we discuss the laws related to Brazilian professional drivers and their current amendments (No. 12,619/2012 and No. 13,103/2015) in relation to working hours at the wheel and rest breaks, which are vital for the quality of life of drivers and society in general...
March 30, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380206/adolescent-pregnancy-and-transition-to-adulthood-in-young-users-of-the-sus
#18
Elisabeth Meloni Vieira, Aylene Bousquat, Claudia Renata Dos Santos Barros, Maria Cecilia Goi Porto Alves
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to contextualize adolescent pregnancy from milestones associated with the process of transition from youth to adulthood. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted with 200 adolescents, users of the Brazilian Unified Health System. The sample size for the estimation of proportions has been calculated assuming a population ratio of 0.50 and 95% confidence level. The dependent variables - planned pregnancy, living with a partner, and having left the parents' house - have been considered as markers of transition from dependence to independence, from youth to adulthood...
March 30, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380187/impaired-pulmonary-function-after-treatment-for-tuberculosis-the-end-of-the-disease
#19
Mikhail Ivanovich Chushkin, Oleg Nikolayevich Ots
Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of pulmonary function abnormalities and to investigate the factors affecting lung function in patients treated for pulmonary tuberculosis. Methods: A total of 214 consecutive patients (132 men and 82 women; 20-82 years of age), treated for pulmonary tuberculosis and followed at a local dispensary, underwent spirometry and plethysmography at least one year after treatment. Results: Pulmonary impairment was present in 102 (47...
January 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380184/smoking-among-female-sex-workers-prevalence-and-associated-variables
#20
Ligia Lopes Devóglio, José Eduardo Corrente, Maria Helena Borgato, Ilda de Godoy
Objective: To assess the prevalence of smoking and associated variables in female sex workers (FSWs). Methods: This was a quantitative cross-sectional study involving FSWs in the city of Botucatu, Brazil, who completed a sociodemographic questionnaire, including data regarding smoking status, motivational stage of change, and degree of nicotine dependence, as well as the Perceived Stress Scale and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Results: We included 83 FSWs...
January 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
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