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pediatric diabetic ketoacidosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258472/pediatric-non-diabetic-ketoacidosis-a-case-series-report
#1
Ke Bai, Yueqiang Fu, Chengjun Liu, Feng Xu, Min Zhu
BACKGROUND: This study is to explore the clinical characteristics, laboratory diagnosis, and treatment outcomes in pediatric patients with non-diabetic ketoacidosis. METHODS: Retrospective patient chart review was performed between March 2009 to March 2015. Cases were included if they met the selection criteria for non-diabetic ketoacidosis, which were: 1) Age ≤ 18 years; 2) urine ketone positive ++ or >8.0 mmol/L; 3) blood ketone >3.1 mmol/L; 4) acidosis (pH < 7...
December 19, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181745/salicylate-intoxication-in-an-infant-a-case-report
#2
Rita Espírito Santo, Sara Vaz, Filipa Jalles, Leonor Boto, Francisco Abecasis
In children, the most common cause of an elevated anion gap (AG) with ketonemia, ketonuria, hyperglycemia, and glycosuria is diabetic ketoacidosis. However, when the clinical history is not clear, other causes must be considered. A 9-month-old girl was transferred to our pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) because of severe metabolic acidosis. On admission, she presented with Kussmaul breathing, tachycardia, irritability, and fever. Blood gasses revealed metabolic acidosis with superimposed respiratory alkalosis and elevated AG...
November 27, 2017: Drug Safety—Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174707/brugada-phenocopy-associated-with-diabetic-ketoacidosis-in-two-pediatric-patients
#3
Ryan E Alanzalon, Jonathan R Burris, Jeffrey M Vinocur
Two patients without cardiac history demonstrated type 1 Brugada pattern during hospitalization for diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). Both patients had normalization of their ECGs after treatment of marked electrolyte abnormalities and metabolic acidosis. In this report, we describe two cases of Brugada phenocopy associated with DKA in children.
October 28, 2017: Journal of Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162582/standardizing-clinically-meaningful-outcome-measures-beyond-hba1c-for-type-1-diabetes-a-consensus-report-of-the-american-association-of-clinical-endocrinologists-the-american-association-of-diabetes-educators-the-american-diabetes-association-the-endocrine
#4
REVIEW
Gina Agiostratidou, Henry Anhalt, Dana Ball, Lawrence Blonde, Evgenia Gourgari, Karen N Harriman, Aaron J Kowalski, Paul Madden, Alicia H McAuliffe-Fogarty, Molly McElwee-Malloy, Anne Peters, Sripriya Raman, Kent Reifschneider, Karen Rubin, Stuart A Weinzimer
OBJECTIVE: To identify and define clinically meaningful type 1 diabetes outcomes beyond hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) based upon a review of the evidence, consensus from clinical experts, and input from researchers, people with type 1 diabetes, and industry. Priority outcomes include hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, time in range, diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), and patient-reported outcomes (PROs). While priority outcomes for type 1 and type 2 diabetes may overlap, type 1 diabetes was the focus of this work...
December 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111277/resolution-of-ketoacidosis-in-children-with-new-onset-diabetes-evaluation-of-various-definitions
#5
Julia E von Oettingen, Erinn T Rhodes, Joseph I Wolfsdorf
AIMS: Data are sparse concerning use of serum electrolyte parameters as compared to venous blood gas (VBG) measurements to monitor acid-base status during treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). We explored the utility of various parameters to define DKA resolution by investigating the relationship of venous pH (vpH), anion gap (AG), serum bicarbonate (HCO3), and glucose concentration during management of DKA in children with new onset diabetes mellitus (NODM). METHODS: We included all patients with NODM presenting with DKA to Boston Children's Hospital from 10/1/07-7/1/13...
October 27, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073302/potential-clinical-benefits-of-a-two-bag-system-for-fluid-management-in-pediatric-intensive-care-unit-patients-with-diabetic-ketoacidosis
#6
Jacqueline P Velasco Md, Joshua Fogel PhD, Robert L Levine Md PhD, Peter Ciminera Md, David Fagan Md, Renee Bargman Md
INTRODUCTION: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a life-threatening complication of diabetes mellitus (DM) that requires appropriate treatment with insulin and intravenous fluids. Both one-bag and two-bag systems of fluid management are used to treat pediatric diabetic ketoacidosis. AIM OF THE STUDY: We compare the one-bag and two-bag systems of fluid managementwith regard to incidence of hypoglycemia, serum bicarbonate correction, pH correction and discharge from the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU)...
2017: Pediatric Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040598/effect-of-metformin-on-vascular-function-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-a-12-month-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Jemma J A Anderson, Jennifer J Couper, Lynne C Giles, Catherine E Leggett, Roger Gent, Brian Coppin, Alexia S Peña
Context: Children with type 1 diabetes have vascular dysfunction preceding atherosclerosis. Early interventions are needed to reduce cardiovascular disease. Objective: To evaluate the effect of metformin on vascular function in type 1 diabetes children. Design: 12 month double blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Setting: Tertiary pediatric diabetes clinic. Participants: 90 type 1 diabetes children(8-18 years), above 50th percentile body mass index (BMI)...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991947/regional-variation-in-standardized-costs-of-care-at-children-s-hospitals
#8
Jennifer A Jonas, Samir S Shah, Isabella Zaniletti, Matthew Hall, Jeffrey D Colvin, Laura M Gottlieb, Marion R Sills, Jessica Bettenhausen, Rustin B Morse, Michelle L Macy, Evan S Fieldston
OBJECTIVE: (1) To evaluate regional variation in costs of care for 3 inpatient pediatric conditions, (2) assess potential drivers of variation, and (3) estimate cost savings from reducing variation. DESIGN/SETTING: Retrospective cohort study of hospitalizations for asthma, diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), and acute gastroenteritis (AGE) at 46 children<s hospitals from October 2014 to September 2015. MEASUREMENTS: Variation in trimmed standardized costs were assessed within and across regions...
October 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989879/root-cause-analysis-of-diabetic-ketoacidosis-admissions-at-a-tertiary-referral-pediatric-emergency-department-in-north-india
#9
Muralidharan Jayashree, Rohit Sasidharan, Sunit Singhi, Karthi Nallasamy, Mullai Baalaaji
OBJECTIVES: To identify system-based factors contributing to Emergency Department (ED) admissions of children with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and related complications with emphasis on parental and physician awareness and prereferral management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective observational root cause analysis study of all consecutive admissions of children with DKA to pediatric ED of a tertiary care referral hospital in northern India over a period of 1 year (July 2010-June 2011)...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977717/a-collaborative-in-situ-simulation-based-pediatric-readiness-improvement-program-for-community-emergency-departments
#10
Kamal Abulebda, Riad Lutfi, Travis Whitfill, Samer Abu-Sultaneh, Kellie J Leeper, Elizabeth Weinstein, Marc A Auerbach
BACKGROUND: More than 30 million children are cared for across 5,000 US emergency departments each year (ED). Most of these EDs are not facilities designed and operated solely for children. A web-based survey provided a national and state-by-state assessment of pediatric readiness and noted a national average score was 69 on a 100-point scale. This survey noted wide variations in ED readiness with scores ranging from 61 in low-pediatric-volume EDs to 90 in the high-pediatric-volume EDs...
October 4, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940551/type-1-diabetes-during-adolescence-international-comparison-between-germany-austria-and-sweden
#11
Lena Hanberger, Ulf Samuelsson, Reinhard W Holl, Elke Fröhlich-Reiterer, Karin Åkesson, Sabine Hofer
OBJECTIVES: By using pediatric diabetes quality registries in Austria, Germany, and Sweden treatment of type 1 diabetes and the outcome of care during the vulnerable adolescence period were compared. METHODS: Data in DPV, broadly used in Austria and Germany, and Swediabkids used in Sweden, from clinical visits in the year 2013 on 14 383 patients aged 11 to 16 years regarding hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), insulin regimen, body mass index (BMI)-SD score (SDS), blood pressure, hypoglycemia, ketoacidosis, and smoking habits were analyzed...
September 22, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905317/healthcare-resource-utilization-and-costs-associated-with-ketosis-events-in-pediatric-and-adult-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-in-the-uk
#12
Nandu Thalange, Natalie Valerie Jane Aldhouse, Helen Kitchen, Daniel Howard, Deniz Tutkunkardas, Jonas Håkan-Bloch
INTRODUCTION: Ketosis is a metabolic state associated with insulin deficiency. Untreated, it develops into diabetic ketoacidosis, a significant contributor to mortality and morbidity in people with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Little is understood about how patients utilize healthcare resources during ketosis events. This study aimed to identify and quantify healthcare resource utilization and provide estimates of associated costs of ketosis events in T1DM, treated unaided or with healthcare professional (HCP) assistance in the UK...
October 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864157/basal-insulin-for-the-management-of-diabetic-ketoacidosis
#13
REVIEW
Leonid Barski, Evgenia Brandstaetter, Iftach Sagy, Alan Jotkowitz
Due to its pharmacokinetic properties, it has been suggested that long-acting insulin analogues may have a role in facilitating the transition from continuous intravenous insulin infusion to subcutaneous maintenance therapy in patients with DKA for prevention of rebound hyperglycemia, particularly if there are high insulin requirements. Concomitant administration of basal insulin analogues with regular insulin infusion accelerates ketoacidosis resolution and prevents rebound hyperglycemia. Several studies have investigated the use of basal insulin in the management of DKA...
August 30, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858101/usefulness-of-end-tidal-carbon-dioxide-as-an-indicator-of-dehydration-in-pediatric-emergency-departments-a-retrospective-observational-study
#14
Hee Won Yang, Woochan Jeon, Young Gi Min, Ji Sook Lee
Physician assessment of hydration status is one of the most important factors in the management of dehydration in the pediatric emergency department (ED). Overestimating dehydration may lead to overtreatment with intravenous fluids or unnecessary hospitalization, whereas underestimation may lead to delayed therapy and aggravation of symptoms. Various methods to estimate hydration status have been proposed, including use of physical findings, body weight, and laboratory results. These methods are subjective, invasive, or inappropriate for application in the ED...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742518/severe-hypertriglyceridemia-at-new-onset-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Tyler Fick, Julie Jack, Amy L Pyle-Eilola, Rohan K Henry
BACKGROUND: Severe hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) as well as diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) are complications of type 1 diabetes (T1DM). HTG is an exceedingly rare complication in the pediatric population and herein we report a case of HTG at new-onset T1DM in DKA and discuss management and potential complications. CASE PRESENTATION: An 11-year-old previously well patient with a history of fatigue and weight loss presented with: glucose >600 mg/dL, venous blood gas: pH 7...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737266/nephrolithiasis-a-complication-of-pediatric-diabetic-ketoacidosis
#16
Sungeeta Agrawal, Robin Kremsdorf, Serife Uysal, Meghan E Fredette, Lisa Swartz Topor
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of nephrolithiasis as a complication of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) in pediatrics. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of patients with DKA admitted to a pediatric hospital between January 2009 and July 2016. We identified patients with nephrolithiasis during admission for DKA. RESULTS: We identified 395 episodes of DKA over 7.5 years. Nephrolithiasis developed as a complication of DKA in 3 of those admissions (0...
July 24, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664545/adherence-to-a-pediatric-diabetic-ketoacidosis-protocol-in-children-presenting-to-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#17
Rebecca Ronsley, Nazrul Islam, Claire Ronsley, Daniel L Metzger, Constadina Panagiotopoulos
OBJECTIVE: To review adherence to a provincial diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) protocol and to assess factors associated with intravenous fluid administration and the length time on an insulin infusion. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted of all DKA admissions to British Columbia Children's Hospital (BCCH) during September 2008 to December 2013. Data collection included diabetes history, estimation of dehydration, insulin and fluid infusion rates, and frequency of laboratory investigations...
June 30, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618748/evaluation-of-polyneuropathy-and-associated-risk-factors-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#18
Hande Türkyilmaz, Orkide Güzel, Selvinaz Edizer, Aycan Ünalp
BACKGROUND/AIM: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the most common metabolic diseases seen in the world today. Diabetic neuropathy (DN) is a chronic complication of the disease that is rarely reported in children, since it has a relatively longer latency period. Our main objective in this study is to determine the incidence rate of DN in pediatric DM patients and assess the risk factors associated with DN. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from 111 patients from January 2011 to May 2014 were reviewed in a retrospective manner...
June 12, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458459/hypothyroidism-among-pediatric-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-from-patients-characteristics-to-disease-severity
#19
Ali Fatourechi, Hossein Malekafzali Ardakani, Fatemeh Sayarifard, Mahdi Sheikh
We performed this study to evaluate the associations of hypothyroidism with clinical severity and the occurrence of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) at initial diagnosis among pediatric patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). 330 children with T1DM who referred to Diabetes Clinic were enrolled. The medical records were e valuated and a blood sample was drawn from patients for measuring thyroid function and antibodies, blood glucose, and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1C) levels. Hypothyroidism was detected in 9...
2017: Clinical Pediatric Endocrinology: Case Reports and Clinical Investigations: Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417874/effectiveness-of-minimed-640g-with-smartguard%C3%A2-system-for-prevention-of-hypoglycemia-in-pediatric-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#20
Beatriz Villafuerte Quispe, María Martín Frías, M Belén Roldán Martín, Rosa Yelmo Valverde, M Ángeles Álvarez Gómez, Raquel Barrio Castellanos
INTRODUCTION/AIMS: Treatment with the MiniMed 640G-SmartGuard(®) system (640G-SG, sensor-augmented insulin pump system with low predicted glucose suspension feature) has been shown to decrease risk of hypoglycemia without altering metabolic control in patients with T1DM. The study purpose was to assess the impact of 640G-SG on hipoglycemia frequency and on metabolic control in a pediatric population with T1DM. PATIENTS/METHODS: A retrospective study on 21 children treated with 640G-SG...
April 2017: Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición
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