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Jamie A Davies

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025538/the-impact-of-health-literacy-status-on-the-comparative-validity-and-sensitivity-of-an-interactive-multimedia-beverage-intake-questionnaire
#1
Lucy P Hooper, Emily A Myers, Jamie M Zoellner, Brenda M Davy, Valisa E Hedrick
Self-reported dietary assessment methods can be challenging to validate, and reporting errors for those with lower health literacy (HL) may be augmented. Interactive multimedia (IMM) based questionnaires could help overcome these limitations. The objectives of this investigation are to assess the comparative validity and sensitivity to change of an IMM beverage intake questionnaire (IMM-BEVQ) as compared to dietary recalls and determine the impact of HL. Adults completed three 24-h dietary recalls and the IMM-BEVQ at baseline and after a six-month intervention targeting either sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) or physical activity...
December 23, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999580/methodology-for-high-throughput-field-phenotyping-of-canopy-temperature-using-airborne-thermography
#2
David M Deery, Greg J Rebetzke, Jose A Jimenez-Berni, Richard A James, Anthony G Condon, William D Bovill, Paul Hutchinson, Jamie Scarrow, Robert Davy, Robert T Furbank
Lower canopy temperature (CT), resulting from increased stomatal conductance, has been associated with increased yield in wheat. Historically, CT has been measured with hand-held infrared thermometers. Using the hand-held CT method on large field trials is problematic, mostly because measurements are confounded by temporal weather changes during the time required to measure all plots. The hand-held CT method is laborious and yet the resulting heritability low, thereby reducing confidence in selection in large scale breeding endeavors...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977223/randomized-controlled-trial-to-dismantle-exposure-relaxation-and-rescripting-therapy-errt-for-trauma-related-nightmares
#3
Kristi E Pruiksma, Christopher C Cranston, Jamie L Rhudy, Rachel L Micol, Joanne L Davis
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to conduct a preliminary dismantling study of exposure, relaxation, and rescripting therapy (ERRT) for nightmares. METHOD: Participants (N = 70) were randomized to 1 of 2 conditions: ERRT with nightmare exposure and rescripting (full protocol; EX) or ERRT without nightmare exposure and rescripting (NEX). Participants completed follow-ups at 1 week, 3 months, and 6 months posttreatment. RESULTS: Both conditions yielded statistically significant improvements with medium to large effect sizes on primary outcomes related to nightmares (i...
December 15, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959936/a-low-dose-of-dietary-quercetin-fails-to-protect-against-the-development-of-an-obese-phenotype-in-mice
#4
Reilly T Enos, Kandy T Velázquez, Meredith S Carson, Jamie L McClellan, Prakash Nagarkatti, Mitzi Nagarkatti, J Mark Davis, E Angela Murphy
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a 40% high-fat diet (HFD) supplemented with a dietary attainable level of quercetin (0.02%) on body composition, adipose tissue (AT) inflammation, Non-Alcoholic Fatty-Liver Disease (NAFLD), and metabolic outcomes. Diets were administered for 16 weeks to C57BL/6J mice (n = 10/group) beginning at 4 weeks of age. Body composition and fasting blood glucose, insulin, and total cholesterol concentrations were examined intermittently. AT and liver mRNA expression (RT-PCR) of inflammatory mediators (F4/80, CD206 (AT only), CD11c (AT only) TLR-2 (AT only), TLR-4 (AT only), MCP-1, TNF-α, IL-6 (AT only), and IL-10 (AT only)) were measured along with activation of NFκB-p65, and JNK (western blot)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898211/response-to-lu-et-al-re-identifying-underlying-emotional-instability-and-utilizing-a-combined-intervention-in-the-treatment-of-childhood-constipation-and-encopresis-a-case-report
#5
Jamie L Davis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893275/re-identifying-underlying-emotional-instability-and-utilizing-a-combined-intervention-in-the-treatment-of-childhood-constipation-and-encopresis-a-case-report-by-jamie-l-davis-j-altern-complement-med-2016-22-489-492
#6
Hai Lu, Xuesong Ren, Zhimiao MuRong, Chunhong Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861921/potassium-channels-in-the-heart-structure-function-and-regulation
#7
Eleonora Grandi, Michael C Sanguinetti, Daniel C Bartos, Donald M Bers, Ye Chen-Izu, Nipavan Chiamvimonvat, Henry M Colecraft, Brian P Delisle, Jordi Heijman, Manuel F Navedo, Sergei Noskov, Catherine Proenza, Jamie I Vandenberg, Vladimir Yarov-Yarovoy
This paper is the outcome of the fourth UC Davis Systems Approach to Understanding Cardiac Excitation-Contraction Coupling and Arrhythmias Symposium, a biannual event that aims to bring together leading experts in subfields of cardiovascular biomedicine to focus on topics of importance to the field. The theme of the 2016 symposium was 'K(+) Channels and Regulation'. Experts in the field contributed their experimental and mathematical modelling perspectives and discussed emerging questions, controversies and challenges on the topic of cardiac K(+) channels...
November 13, 2016: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836680/associations-between-long-chain-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-and-cardiovascular-lipid-risk-factors-in-youth-with-type-1-diabetes-search-nutrition-ancillary-study
#8
Sarah C Couch, Jamie Crandell, Irena King, Abigail Peairs, Amy S Shah, Lawrence M Dolan, Janet Tooze, Tessa Crume, Elizabeth Mayer-Davis
PURPOSE: In this longitudinal study we explored the relationships between plasma n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and Δ5 and Δ6 desaturase activities (D5D and D6D, respectively) and fasting lipids in youth with type 1 diabetes (T1D). METHODS: Incident cases of T1D in youth <20years of age who were seen for a baseline study visit (N=914) and a 1-year follow-up visit (N=416) were included. Fasting blood samples were obtained at each visit and plasma phospholipid n-6 PUFAs were measured, which included linoleic acid (LA), dihomo-γ-linolenic acid (DGLA) and arachidonic acid (AA); n-3 PUFAs included α-linolenic acid (ALA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)...
January 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832915/can-stopping-nerves-stop-cancer
#9
REVIEW
Jami L Saloman, Kathryn M Albers, Andrew D Rhim, Brian M Davis
The nervous system is viewed as a tissue affected by cancer and as a conduit for the transmission of cancer pain and perineural invasion. Here, we review recent studies that indicate a more direct role. Several studies have shown that reducing stress or suppressing sympathetic drive correlates with improved outcomes and prolonged survival. Recent studies using animal models of visceral and somatic cancer further support a role for the nervous system in cancer progression. Specifically, nerve ablation had a profound impact on disease progression, including delayed development of precancerous lesions, and decreased tumor growth and metastasis...
December 2016: Trends in Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808412/potassium-currents-in-the-heart-functional-roles-in-repolarization-arrhythmia-and-therapeutics
#10
Nipavan Chiamvimonvat, Ye Chen-Izu, Colleen E Clancy, Isabelle Deschenes, Dobromir Dobrev, Jordi Heijman, Leighton Izu, Zhilin Qu, Crystal M Ripplinger, Jamie I Vandenberg, James N Weiss, Gideon Koren, Tamas Banyasz, Eleonora Grandi, Michael C Sanguinetti, Donald M Bers, Jeanne M Nerbonne
This is the second of the two White Papers from the fourth UC Davis Cardiovascular Symposium Systems Approach to Understanding Cardiac Excitation-Contraction Coupling and Arrhythmias (3-4 March 2016), a biennial event that brings together leading experts in different fields of cardiovascular research. The theme of the 2016 symposium was 'K(+) channels and regulation', and the objectives of the conference were severalfold: (1) to identify current knowledge gaps; (2) to understand what may go wrong in the diseased heart and why; (3) to identify possible novel therapeutic targets; and (4) to further the development of systems biology approaches to decipher the molecular mechanisms and treatment of cardiac arrhythmias...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805567/profound-alteration-in-cutaneous-primary-afferent-activity-produced-by-inflammatory-mediators
#11
Kristen M Smith-Edwards, Jennifer J DeBerry, Jami L Saloman, Brian M Davis, C Jeffery Woodbury
Inflammatory pain is thought to arise from increased transmission from nociceptors and recruitment of 'silent' afferents. To evaluate inflammation-induced changes, mice expressing GCaMP3 in cutaneous sensory neurons were generated and neuronal responses to mechanical stimulation in vivo before and after subcutaneous infusion of an 'inflammatory soup' (IS) were imaged in an unanesthetized preparation. Infusion of IS rapidly altered mechanical responsiveness in the majority of neurons. Surprisingly, more cells lost, rather than gained, sensitivity and 'silent' afferents that were mechanically insensitive and gained mechanosensitivity after IS exposure were rare...
November 2, 2016: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798132/gi-dreadd-expression-in-peripheral-nerves-produces-ligand-dependent-analgesia-as-well-as-ligand-independent-functional-changes-in-sensory-neurons
#12
Jami L Saloman, Nicole N Scheff, Lindsey M Snyder, Sarah E Ross, Brian M Davis, Michael S Gold
: Designer receptors exclusively activated by designer drugs (DREADDs) are an advanced experimental tool that could potentially provide a novel approach to pain management. In particular, expression of an inhibitory (Gi-coupled) DREADD in nociceptors might enable ligand-dependent analgesia. To test this possibility, TRPV1-cre mice were used to restrict expression of Gi-DREADDs to predominantly C-fibers. Whereas baseline heat thresholds in both male and female mice expressing Gi-DREADD were normal, 1 mg/kg clozapine-N-oxide (CNO) produced a significant 3 h increase in heat threshold that returned to baseline by 5 h after injection...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752981/cultural-humility-and-hospital-safety-culture
#13
Joshua N Hook, David Boan, Don E Davis, Jamie D Aten, John M Ruiz, Thomas Maryon
Hospital safety culture is an integral part of providing high quality care for patients, as well as promoting a safe and healthy environment for healthcare workers. In this article, we explore the extent to which cultural humility, which involves openness to cultural diverse individuals and groups, is related to hospital safety culture. A sample of 2011 hospital employees from four hospitals completed measures of organizational cultural humility and hospital safety culture. Higher perceptions of organizational cultural humility were associated with higher levels of general perceptions of hospital safety, as well as more positive ratings on non-punitive response to error (i...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737686/effectiveness-of-a-pharmacist-driven-intervention-in-copd-epic-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Erin Davis, Carlo Marra, John-Michael Gamble, Jamie Farrell, Joe Lockyer, J Mark FitzGerald, Waseem Abu-Ashour, Charlie Gillis, John Hawboldt
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are often nonadherent with medications and have poor inhaler technique. Community pharmacists can help to improve health-related quality of life and overall outcomes in patients with COPD. We aim to measure the effectiveness of a systematic, pharmacist-driven intervention on patients with diagnosed COPD. METHODS/DESIGN: This pragmatic, parallel-group, cluster randomized controlled trial is designed to determine the effectiveness of a multifactorial, pharmacist-led intervention on medication adherence, inhaler technique, health-related quality of life, health care resource utilization including COPD exacerbations, and use of medications...
October 13, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620388/research-needs-to-improve-hypertension-treatment-and-control-in-african-americans
#15
Paul K Whelton, Paula T Einhorn, Paul Muntner, Lawrence J Appel, William C Cushman, Ana V Diez Roux, Keith C Ferdinand, Mahboob Rahman, Herman A Taylor, Jamy Ard, Donna K Arnett, Barry L Carter, Barry R Davis, Barry I Freedman, Lisa A Cooper, Richard Cooper, Patrice Desvigne-Nickens, Nara Gavini, Alan S Go, David J Hyman, Paul L Kimmel, Karen L Margolis, Edgar R Miller, Katherine T Mills, George A Mensah, Ann M Navar, Gbenga Ogedegbe, Michael K Rakotz, George Thomas, Jonathan N Tobin, Jackson T Wright, Sung Sug Sarah Yoon, Jeffrey A Cutler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544228/leucine-supplementation-at-the-onset-of-high-fat-feeding-does-not-prevent-weight-gain-or-improve-glycemic-regulation-in-male-sprague-dawley-rats
#16
Jamie I Baum, Tyrone A Washington, Stephanie A Shouse, Walter Bottje, Sami Dridi, Gina Davis, Dameon Smith
Obesity is a major public health concern and it is essential to identify effective treatments and preventative strategies to stop continued increases in obesity rates. The potential functional roles of the branched chain amino acid leucine make this amino acid an attractive candidate for the treatment and/or prevention of obesity. The objective of this study was to determine if long-term leucine supplementation could prevent the development of obesity and reduce the risk factors for chronic disease in rats fed a high-fat (60 % fat) diet...
December 2016: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27466212/effects-of-bms-986094-a-guanosine-nucleotide-analogue-on-mitochondrial-dna-synthesis-and-function
#17
Bethany R Baumgart, Faye Wang, Jae Kwagh, Chris Storck, Catherine Euler, Megan Fuller, Damir Simic, Suresh Sharma, Jamie J Arnold, Craig E Cameron, Terry R Van Vleet, Oliver Flint, Roderick T Bunch, Marc H Davies, Michael J Graziano, Thomas P Sanderson
BMS-986094, the prodrug of a guanosine nucleotide analogue (2'-C-methylguanosine), was withdrawn from clinical trials due to serious safety issues. Nonclinical investigative studies were conducted as a follow up to evaluate the potential for BMS-986094-related mitochondrial-toxicity. In vitro, BMS-986094 was applied to human hepatoma cells (HepG2 and Huh-7) or cardiomyocytes (hiPSCM) up to 19 days to assess mitochondrial DNA content and specific gene expression. There were no mitochondrial DNA changes at concentrations ≤10 µM...
October 2016: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27458902/surgical-prophylaxis-with-gram-negative-activity-for-reduction-of-surgical-site-infections-after-microvascular-reconstruction-for-head-and-neck-cancer
#18
Jamie L Wagner, Rachel M Kenney, Jose A Vazquez, Tamer A Ghanem, Susan L Davis
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of and risk factors for surgical site infections in microvascular reconstruction for patients with head and neck cancer. METHODS: One hundred seventeen patients with head and neck cancer undergoing microvascular reconstruction received postoperative surgical infection prophylaxis and were followed for 30 days. Surgical infection prophylaxis was categorized by empiric spectrum of activity. Risk factors for surgical site infection development and cumulative incidence of surgical site infections were characterized...
October 2016: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383194/cross-linking-of-lens-crystallin-proteins-induced-by-tryptophan-metabolites-and-metal-ions-implications-for-cataract-development
#19
Helen J Tweeddale, Clare L Hawkins, Joane F Janmie, Roger J W Truscott, Michael J Davies
Long-wavelength solar UV radiation is implicated in photodamage to the human eye. The human lens contains multiple tryptophan-derived compounds that have significant absorbance bands in the UVA region (λ 315-400 nm) that act as efficient physical filters for these wavelengths. The concentrations of many of these UV filter compounds decrease with increase in age, resulting in diminished protection, increased oxidative damage and the accumulation of modified proteins implicated in nuclear cataract formation...
October 2016: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27362208/using-real-time-biofeedback-to-alter-running-biomechanics-a-randomized-controlled-trial-at-the-6-month-follow-up-3842-board-281-june-4-8-00-am-9-30-am
#20
Jamie B Morris, Donald L Goss, Erin M Florkiewicz, Irene S Davis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
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