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Jamie A Davies

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343088/creating-and-testing-regulatory-focus-messages-to-enhance-medication-adherence
#1
Ashley O'Connor, Amy Ladebue, Jamie Peterson, Ryan Davis, Susan Jung Grant, Marina McCreight, Anne Lambert-Kerzner
Objectives Strategies were explored to improve patient adherence to cardioprotective medications by borrowing from a motivational framework used in psychology, regulatory focus theory. The current study is part of a larger randomized control trial and was aimed at understanding what written educational messages, based on patients' regulatory focus tendency, resonated with each individual as a potential reminder to take medications. This study was also aimed at understanding why messages resonated with the patients...
January 1, 2018: Chronic Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342863/validation-of-a-rapid-method-to-assess-habitual-beverage-intake-patterns
#2
Valisa E Hedrick, Emily A Myers, Jamie M Zoellner, Kiyah J Duffey, Brenda M Davy
The Healthy Beverage Index (HBI) is an emerging approach to assess beverage pattern quality. HBI total scores range from 0 to 100, with higher scores indicating greater adherence to proposed beverage recommendations. However, assessing patterns is resource-intensive due to the need for extensive dietary data, typically 24-h dietary records or recalls. The BEVQ-15, a beverage intake questionnaire, may be used as an alternative method to rapidly measure HBI scores. The objective of this cross-sectional investigation is to assess the comparative validity of the HBI-Q, a method to rapidly assess HBI scores via the BEVQ-15, as compared to the traditional method of deriving HBI scores via dietary recalls/records...
January 13, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324988/evidence-for-verbal-memory-enhancement-with-electrical-brain-stimulation-in-the-lateral-temporal-cortex
#3
Michal T Kucewicz, Brent M Berry, Laura R Miller, Fatemeh Khadjevand, Youssef Ezzyat, Joel M Stein, Vaclav Kremen, Benjamin H Brinkmann, Paul Wanda, Michael R Sperling, Richard Gorniak, Kathryn A Davis, Barbara C Jobst, Robert E Gross, Bradley Lega, Jamie Van Gompel, S Matt Stead, Daniel S Rizzuto, Michael J Kahana, Gregory A Worrell
Direct electrical stimulation of the human brain can elicit sensory and motor perceptions as well as recall of memories. Stimulating higher order association areas of the lateral temporal cortex in particular was reported to activate visual and auditory memory representations of past experiences (Penfield and Perot, 1963). We hypothesized that this effect could be used to modulate memory processing. Recent attempts at memory enhancement in the human brain have been focused on the hippocampus and other mesial temporal lobe structures, with a few reports of memory improvement in small studies of individual brain regions...
January 8, 2018: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299282/inducing-broadcast-coral-spawning-ex-situ-closed-system-mesocosm-design-and-husbandry-protocol
#4
Jamie Craggs, James R Guest, Michelle Davis, Jeremy Simmons, Ehsan Dashti, Michael Sweet
For many corals, the timing of broadcast spawning correlates strongly with a number of environmental signals (seasonal temperature, lunar, and diel cycles). Robust experimental studies examining the role of these putative cues in triggering spawning have been lacking until recently because it has not been possible to predictably induce spawning in fully closed artificial mesocosms. Here, we present a closed system mesocosm aquarium design that utilizes microprocessor technology to accurately replicate environmental conditions, including photoperiod, seasonal insolation, lunar cycles, and seasonal temperature from Singapore and the Great Barrier Reef (GBR), Australia...
December 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277316/the-flexible-lifestyle-empowering-change-flex-intervention-for-self-management-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-trial-design-and-baseline-characteristics
#5
Jessica C Kichler, Michael Seid, Jamie Crandell, David M Maahs, Franziska K Bishop, Kimberly A Driscoll, Debra Standiford, Christine M Hunter, Elizabeth Mayer-Davis
The Flexible Lifestyle Empowering Change (FLEX) Intervention Study is a multi-site randomized controlled trial to test the efficacy of an adaptive behavioral intervention to promote self-management for youth with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D). This paper details FLEX design, demographic characteristics of the sample, and outcome variables at baseline. Participants were randomized to either an intervention or control arm after their baseline standardized measurement visit. Baseline data for the primary (glycemic levels) and secondary outcome variables (e...
December 22, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220659/organizing-organoids-stem-cells-branch-out
#6
Jamie A Davies
In this issue of Cell Stem Cell, Taguchi and Nishinakamura (2017) describe a carefully optimized method for making a branch-competent ureteric bud, a tissue fundamental to kidney development, from mouse embryonic stem cells and human induced pluripotent stem cells. The work illuminates embryology and has important implications for making more realistic kidney organoids.
December 7, 2017: Cell Stem Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149325/the-iuphar-bps-guide-to-pharmacology-in-2018-updates-and-expansion-to-encompass-the-new-guide-to-immunopharmacology
#7
Simon D Harding, Joanna L Sharman, Elena Faccenda, Chris Southan, Adam J Pawson, Sam Ireland, Alasdair J G Gray, Liam Bruce, Stephen P H Alexander, Stephen Anderton, Clare Bryant, Anthony P Davenport, Christian Doerig, Doriano Fabbro, Francesca Levi-Schaffer, Michael Spedding, Jamie A Davies
The IUPHAR/BPS Guide to PHARMACOLOGY (GtoPdb, www.guidetopharmacology.org) and its precursor IUPHAR-DB, have captured expert-curated interactions between targets and ligands from selected papers in pharmacology and drug discovery since 2003. This resource continues to be developed in conjunction with the International Union of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology (IUPHAR) and the British Pharmacological Society (BPS). As previously described, our unique model of content selection and quality control is based on 96 target-class subcommittees comprising 512 scientists collaborating with in-house curators...
November 15, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145404/core-outcome-set-standards-for-development-the-cos-stad-recommendations
#8
Jamie J Kirkham, Katherine Davis, Douglas G Altman, Jane M Blazeby, Mike Clarke, Sean Tunis, Paula R Williamson
BACKGROUND: The use of core outcome sets (COS) ensures that researchers measure and report those outcomes that are most likely to be relevant to users of their research. Several hundred COS projects have been systematically identified to date, but there has been no formal quality assessment of these studies. The Core Outcome Set-STAndards for Development (COS-STAD) project aimed to identify minimum standards for the design of a COS study agreed upon by an international group, while other specific guidance exists for the final reporting of COS development studies (Core Outcome Set-STAndards for Reporting [COS-STAR])...
November 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093551/asymmetric-bmp4-signalling-improves-the-realism-of-kidney-organoids
#9
Christopher G Mills, Melanie L Lawrence, David A D Munro, Mona Elhendawi, John J Mullins, Jamie A Davies
We present a strategy for increasing the anatomical realism of organoids by applying asymmetric cues to mimic spatial information that is present in natural embryonic development, and demonstrate it using mouse kidney organoids. Existing methods for making kidney organoids in mice yield developing nephrons arranged around a symmetrical collecting duct tree that has no ureter. We use transplant experiments to demonstrate plasticity in the fate choice between collecting duct and ureter, and show that an environment rich in BMP4 promotes differentiation of early collecting ducts into uroplakin-positive, unbranched, ureter-like epithelial tubules...
November 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076145/durable-graft-versus-leukaemia-effects-without-donor-lymphocyte-infusions-results-of-a-phase-ii-study-of-sequential-t-replete-allogeneic-transplantation-for-high-risk-acute-myeloid-leukaemia-and-myelodysplasia
#10
Jeff K Davies, Sandra Hassan, Shah-Jalal Sarker, Caroline Besley, Heather Oakervee, Matthew Smith, David Taussig, John G Gribben, Jamie D Cavenagh
Allogeneic haematopoietic stem-cell transplantation remains the only curative treatment for relapsed/refractory acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) and high-risk myelodysplasia but has previously been limited to patients who achieve remission before transplant. New sequential approaches employing T-cell depleted transplantation directly after chemotherapy show promise but are burdened by viral infection and require donor lymphocyte infusions (DLI) to augment donor chimerism and graft-versus-leukaemia effects. T-replete transplantation in sequential approaches could reduce both viral infection and DLI usage...
October 26, 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061391/delivery-of-full-predicted-energy-from-nutrition-and-the-effect-on-mortality-in-critically-ill-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#11
Emma J Ridley, Andrew R Davies, Carol L Hodgson, Adam Deane, Michael Bailey, D Jamie Cooper
BACKGROUND: The amount of energy required to improve clinical outcomes in critically ill adults is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the impact of near target energy delivery to critically ill adults on mortality and other clinically relevant outcomes. DESIGN: Following PRISMA guidelines, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINHAL and the Cochrane Library were searched for randomised controlled trials evaluating nutrition interventions in adult critical care populations...
October 9, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055040/the-concise-guide-to-pharmacology-2017-18-g-protein-coupled-receptors
#12
Stephen Ph Alexander, Arthur Christopoulos, Anthony P Davenport, Eamonn Kelly, Neil V Marrion, John A Peters, Elena Faccenda, Simon D Harding, Adam J Pawson, Joanna L Sharman, Christopher Southan, Jamie A Davies
The Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY 2017/18 provides concise overviews of the key properties of nearly 1800 human drug targets with an emphasis on selective pharmacology (where available), plus links to an open access knowledgebase of drug targets and their ligands (www.guidetopharmacology.org), which provides more detailed views of target and ligand properties. Although the Concise Guide represents approximately 400 pages, the material presented is substantially reduced compared to information and links presented on the website...
December 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055039/the-concise-guide-to-pharmacology-2017-18-other-ion-channels
#13
Stephen Ph Alexander, Eamonn Kelly, Neil V Marrion, John A Peters, Elena Faccenda, Simon D Harding, Adam J Pawson, Joanna L Sharman, Christopher Southan, Jamie A Davies
The Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY 2017/18 provides concise overviews of the key properties of nearly 1800 human drug targets with an emphasis on selective pharmacology (where available), plus links to an open access knowledgebase of drug targets and their ligands (www.guidetopharmacology.org), which provides more detailed views of target and ligand properties. Although the Concise Guide represents approximately 400 pages, the material presented is substantially reduced compared to information and links presented on the website...
December 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055038/the-concise-guide-to-pharmacology-2017-18-ligand-gated-ion-channels
#14
Stephen Ph Alexander, John A Peters, Eamonn Kelly, Neil V Marrion, Elena Faccenda, Simon D Harding, Adam J Pawson, Joanna L Sharman, Christopher Southan, Jamie A Davies
The Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY 2017/18 provides concise overviews of the key properties of nearly 1800 human drug targets with an emphasis on selective pharmacology (where available), plus links to an open access knowledgebase of drug targets and their ligands (www.guidetopharmacology.org), which provides more detailed views of target and ligand properties. Although the Concise Guide represents approximately 400 pages, the material presented is substantially reduced compared to information and links presented on the website...
December 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055037/the-concise-guide-to-pharmacology-2017-18-overview
#15
Stephen Ph Alexander, Eamonn Kelly, Neil V Marrion, John A Peters, Elena Faccenda, Simon D Harding, Adam J Pawson, Joanna L Sharman, Christopher Southan, O Peter Buneman, John A Cidlowski, Arthur Christopoulos, Anthony P Davenport, Doriano Fabbro, Michael Spedding, Jörg Striessnig, Jamie A Davies
The Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY 2017/18 is the third in this series of biennial publications. This version provides concise overviews of the key properties of nearly 1800 human drug targets with an emphasis on selective pharmacology (where available), plus links to an open access knowledgebase of drug targets and their ligands (www.guidetopharmacology.org), which provides more detailed views of target and ligand properties. Although the Concise Guide represents approximately 400 pages, the material presented is substantially reduced compared to information and links presented on the website...
December 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055036/the-concise-guide-to-pharmacology-2017-18-catalytic-receptors
#16
Stephen Ph Alexander, Doriano Fabbro, Eamonn Kelly, Neil V Marrion, John A Peters, Elena Faccenda, Simon D Harding, Adam J Pawson, Joanna L Sharman, Christopher Southan, Jamie A Davies
The Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY 2017/18 provides concise overviews of the key properties of nearly 1800 human drug targets with an emphasis on selective pharmacology (where available), plus links to an open access knowledgebase of drug targets and their ligands (www.guidetopharmacology.org), which provides more detailed views of target and ligand properties. Although the Concise Guide represents approximately 400 pages, the material presented is substantially reduced compared to information and links presented on the website...
December 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055035/the-concise-guide-to-pharmacology-2017-18-transporters
#17
Stephen Ph Alexander, Eamonn Kelly, Neil V Marrion, John A Peters, Elena Faccenda, Simon D Harding, Adam J Pawson, Joanna L Sharman, Christopher Southan, Jamie A Davies
The Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY 2017/18 provides concise overviews of the key properties of nearly 1800 human drug targets with an emphasis on selective pharmacology (where available), plus links to an open access knowledgebase of drug targets and their ligands (www.guidetopharmacology.org), which provides more detailed views of target and ligand properties. Although the Concise Guide represents approximately 400 pages, the material presented is substantially reduced compared to information and links presented on the website...
December 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055034/the-concise-guide-to-pharmacology-2017-18-enzymes
#18
Stephen Ph Alexander, Doriano Fabbro, Eamonn Kelly, Neil V Marrion, John A Peters, Elena Faccenda, Simon D Harding, Adam J Pawson, Joanna L Sharman, Christopher Southan, Jamie A Davies
The Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY 2017/18 provides concise overviews of the key properties of nearly 1800 human drug targets with an emphasis on selective pharmacology (where available), plus links to an open access knowledgebase of drug targets and their ligands (www.guidetopharmacology.org), which provides more detailed views of target and ligand properties. Although the Concise Guide represents approximately 400 pages, the material presented is substantially reduced compared to information and links presented on the website...
December 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055033/the-concise-guide-to-pharmacology-2017-18-voltage-gated-ion-channels
#19
Stephen Ph Alexander, Jörg Striessnig, Eamonn Kelly, Neil V Marrion, John A Peters, Elena Faccenda, Simon D Harding, Adam J Pawson, Joanna L Sharman, Christopher Southan, Jamie A Davies
The Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY 2017/18 provides concise overviews of the key properties of nearly 1800 human drug targets with an emphasis on selective pharmacology (where available), plus links to an open access knowledgebase of drug targets and their ligands (www.guidetopharmacology.org), which provides more detailed views of target and ligand properties. Although the Concise Guide represents approximately 400 pages, the material presented is substantially reduced compared to information and links presented on the website...
December 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055032/the-concise-guide-to-pharmacology-2017-18-nuclear-hormone-receptors
#20
Stephen Ph Alexander, John A Cidlowski, Eamonn Kelly, Neil V Marrion, John A Peters, Elena Faccenda, Simon D Harding, Adam J Pawson, Joanna L Sharman, Christopher Southan, Jamie A Davies
The Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY 2017/18 provides concise overviews of the key properties of nearly 1800 human drug targets with an emphasis on selective pharmacology (where available), plus links to an open access knowledgebase of drug targets and their ligands (www.guidetopharmacology.org), which provides more detailed views of target and ligand properties. Although the Concise Guide represents approximately 400 pages, the material presented is substantially reduced compared to information and links presented on the website...
December 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
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