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stroke and diet 2016

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836672/whole-grain-cereals-for-the-primary-or-secondary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease
#1
REVIEW
Sarah Am Kelly, Louise Hartley, Emma Loveman, Jill L Colquitt, Helen M Jones, Lena Al-Khudairy, Christine Clar, Roberta Germanò, Hannah R Lunn, Gary Frost, Karen Rees
BACKGROUND: There is evidence from observational studies that whole grains can have a beneficial effect on risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Earlier versions of this review found mainly short-term intervention studies. There are now longer-term randomised controlled trials (RCTs) available. This is an update and expansion of the original review conducted in 2007. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to assess the effect of whole grain foods or diets on total mortality, cardiovascular events, and cardiovascular risk factors (blood lipids, blood pressure) in healthy people or people who have established cardiovascular disease or related risk factors, using all eligible RCTs...
August 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759107/low-glycaemic-index-diets-for-the-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease
#2
REVIEW
Christine Clar, Lena Al-Khudairy, Emma Loveman, Sarah Am Kelly, Louise Hartley, Nadine Flowers, Roberta Germanò, Gary Frost, Karen Rees
BACKGROUND: The glycaemic index (GI) is a physiological measure of the ability of a carbohydrate to affect blood glucose. Interest is growing in this area for the clinical management of people at risk of, or with, established cardiovascular disease. There is a need to review the current evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in this area. This is an update of the original review published in 2008. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of the dietary GI on total mortality, cardiovascular events, and cardiovascular risk factors (blood lipids, blood pressure) in healthy people or people who have established cardiovascular disease or related risk factors, using all eligible randomised controlled trials...
July 31, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715555/application-of-a-lifestyle-based-tool-to-estimate-premature-cardiovascular-disease-events-in-young-adults-the-coronary-artery-risk-development-in-young-adults-cardia-study
#3
Holly C Gooding, Hongyan Ning, Matthew W Gillman, Christina Shay, Norrina Allen, David C Goff, Donald Lloyd-Jones, Stephanie Chiuve
Importance: Few tools exist for assessing the risk for early atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) events in young adults. Objective: To assess the performance of the Healthy Heart Score (HHS), a lifestyle-based tool that estimates ASCVD events in older adults, for ASCVD events occurring before 55 years of age. Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective cohort study included 4893 US adults aged 18 to 30 years from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study...
September 1, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443676/preoperative-nomograms-for-predicting-renal-function-at-1-year-after-partial-nephrectomy
#4
Cheuk Fan Shum, Clinton D Bahler, Clint Cary, Timothy A Masterson, Ronald S Boris, Thomas A Gardner, Hristos Z Kaimakliotis, Richard S Foster, Richard Bihrle, Michael O Koch, James E Slaven, Chandru P Sundaram
INTRODUCTION: Partial nephrectomy (PN) reduces the risk of postoperative chronic renal insufficiency (CRI). However, some patients still develop CRI after PN, and may eventually require dialysis. Being able to predict renal function before PN helps in counseling patients and managing expectations. We aimed to construct nomograms that predict estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFRs), defined by the modification of diet in renal disease (MDRD) and the chronic kidney disease epidemiology collaboration (CKD-EPI) formulae, at 1 year after PN, using only preoperative covariates as predictors...
July 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410861/prevalence-of-cardiovascular-health-by-occupation-a-cross-sectional-analysis-among-u-s-workers-aged-%C3%A2-45-years
#5
Leslie A MacDonald, Stephen Bertke, Misty J Hein, Suzanne Judd, Sherry Baron, Robert Merritt, Virginia J Howard
INTRODUCTION: Identification of groups with poor cardiovascular health (CVH) can inform where and how to target public health efforts. National prevalence estimates of CVH were derived for clinical (blood glucose, total cholesterol, blood pressure) and behavioral (BMI, diet quality, physical activity, smoking) factors among U.S. workers aged ≥45 years. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis included 6,282 employed black and white men and women aged ≥45 years enrolled in the national population-based REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke study from 2003 to 2007...
August 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990033/ptsd-related-cardiovascular-disease-and-accelerated-cellular-aging
#6
Erika J Wolf, Paula P Schnurr
We reviewed the literature from 2010 to 2016 on the relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and cardiometabolic health conditions, including metabolic syndrome, coronary artery disease, stroke, and myocardial infarction, among others. Collectively, PTSD was associated with increased risk of cardiometabolic health problems, with pre-clinical and clinical studies offering evidence of behavioral (e.g., poor sleep, cigarette use, poor diet and insufficient exercise) and biological (e.g., autonomic reactivity, inflammation) mediators of these associations...
2016: Psychiatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862055/reducing-stroke-risk-among-young-adult-african-americans-a-feasibility-study
#7
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Dawn M Aycock, Patricia C Clark, Matthew J Hayat
African Americans are disproportionately affected by stroke and its modifiable risk factors, and strategies are needed to help African Americans adopt healthy lifestyles early in life. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of the Stroke Counseling for Risk Reduction (SCORRE) intervention, a tailored, theory-based intervention consisting of a motivational video of young African American stroke survivors, the American Heart Association's Life's Simple 7® (LS7) risk assessment and education tool, and a 6-week behavioral risk reduction diary...
April 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792643/meta-analysis-of-potassium-intake-and-the-risk-of-stroke
#8
Marco Vinceti, Tommaso Filippini, Alessio Crippa, Agnès de Sesmaisons, Lauren A Wise, Nicola Orsini
BACKGROUND: The possibility that lifestyle factors such as diet, specifically potassium intake, may modify the risk of stroke has been suggested by several observational cohort studies, including some recent reports. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of existing studies and assessed the dose-response relation between potassium intake and stroke risk. METHODS AND RESULTS: We reviewed the observational cohort studies addressing the relation between potassium intake, and incidence or mortality of total stroke or stroke subtypes published through August 6, 2016...
October 6, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749986/insulin-secretagogues-for-prevention-or-delay-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-its-associated-complications-in-persons-at-increased-risk-for-the-development-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#9
REVIEW
Bianca Hemmingsen, David Peick Sonne, Maria-Inti Metzendorf, Bernd Richter
BACKGROUND: The projected rise in the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) could develop into a substantial health problem worldwide. Whether insulin secretagogues (sulphonylureas and meglitinide analogues) are able to prevent or delay T2DM and its associated complications in people at risk for the development of T2DM is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of insulin secretagogues on the prevention or delay of T2DM and its associated complications in people with impaired glucose tolerance, impaired fasting blood glucose, moderately elevated glycosylated haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) or any combination of these...
October 17, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748190/an-umbrella-review-of-nuts-intake-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease
#10
Lukas Schwingshackl, Georg Hoffmann, Benjamin Missbach, Marta Stelmach-Mardas, Heiner Boeing
BACKGROUND: Nuts have been an indispensable component of the human diet for hundreds because of their unique nutrient composition and are thought to play a beneficial part in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the extent, validity and presence of evidence for studies investigating the impact of nuts intake on biomarkers of cardiovascular disease and cardiovascular events, we performed an umbrella review of all published meta-analyses synthesizing data from both observational studies and randomized controlled trials...
2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673306/association-between-lowering-ldl-c-and-cardiovascular-risk-reduction-among-different-therapeutic-interventions-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Michael G Silverman, Brian A Ference, Kyungah Im, Stephen D Wiviott, Robert P Giugliano, Scott M Grundy, Eugene Braunwald, Marc S Sabatine
IMPORTANCE: The comparative clinical benefit of nonstatin therapies that reduce low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) remains uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between lowering LDL-C and relative cardiovascular risk reduction across different statin and nonstatin therapies. DATA SOURCES AND STUDY SELECTION: The MEDLINE and EMBASE databases were searched (1966-July 2016). The key inclusion criteria were that the study was a randomized clinical trial and the reported clinical outcomes included myocardial infarction (MI)...
September 27, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552476/mediterranean-diet-and-life-expectancy-beyond-olive-oil-fruits-and-vegetables
#12
Miguel A Martinez-Gonzalez, Nerea Martin-Calvo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The recent relevant evidence of the effects of the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) and lifestyle on health (2015 and first months of 2016). RECENT FINDINGS: Large observational prospective epidemiological studies with adequate control of confounding and two large randomized trials support the benefits of the Mediterranean dietary pattern to increase life expectancy, reduce the risk of major chronic disease, and improve quality of life and well-being...
November 2016: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27217429/meta-analysis-of-the-association-between-whole-and-refined-grain-consumption-and-stroke-risk-based-on-prospective-cohort-studies
#13
REVIEW
Jianguo Chen, Qingfeng Huang, Wei Shi, Liu Yang, Jian Chen, Qing Lan
The association between whole and refined grain consumption and stroke risk remains unclear. A search using MEDLINE and EMBASE databases was performed through February 29, 2016. Seven prospective studies with a total of 446 451 subjects and 5892 stroke events were included. The summary relative risk (SRR) of stroke for the high versus low consumption was 0.95 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.83-1.14) for total grains, 0.92 (95% CI = 0.72-1.17) for whole grains, and 0.99 (95% CI = 0.84-1.16) for refined grains...
October 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26517380/blood-cadmium-levels-and-incident-cardiovascular-events-during-follow-up-in-a-population-based-cohort-of-swedish-adults-the-malm%C3%A3-diet-and-cancer-study
#14
Lars Barregard, Gerd Sallsten, Björn Fagerberg, Yan Borné, Margaretha Persson, Bo Hedblad, Gunnar Engström
BACKGROUND: Cadmium exposure may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. The only published longitudinal study on cadmium and incident cardiovascular disease was performed in American Indians with relatively high cadmium exposure. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to examine the association between blood cadmium at baseline and incident cardiovascular events in a population-based study of Swedish men and women with cadmium levels similar to those of most European and U...
May 2016: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23074526/behavioural-interventions-for-type-2-diabetes-an-evidence-based-analysis
#15
(no author information available yet)
UNLABELLED: In June 2008, the Medical Advisory Secretariat began work on the Diabetes Strategy Evidence Project, an evidence-based review of the literature surrounding strategies for successful management and treatment of diabetes. This project came about when the Health System Strategy Division at the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care subsequently asked the secretariat to provide an evidentiary platform for the Ministry's newly released Diabetes Strategy.After an initial review of the strategy and consultation with experts, the secretariat identified five key areas in which evidence was needed...
2009: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16409880/food-a-multicentre-randomised-trial-evaluating-feeding-policies-in-patients-admitted-to-hospital-with-a-recent-stroke
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
M Dennis, S Lewis, G Cranswick, J Forbes
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether routine oral nutritional supplementation of a normal hospital diet improves outcome after stroke (Trial 1); whether early tube feeding improves the outcomes of dysphagic stroke patients (Trial 2); and if tube feeding via a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) results in better outcomes than that via a nasogastric tube (NG) (Trial 3). DESIGN: The Feed Or Ordinary Diet (FOOD) trial was a family of three pragmatic, randomised controlled trials (RCTs)...
January 2006: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
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