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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523023/surgical-repair-of-partial-atrioventricular-septal-defect
#1
Tariq Waqar, Muhammad Usman Riaz, Muhammad Shuaib
OBJECTIVE: To review the results of surgical correction of partial atrioventricular septal defect and associated cardiac comorbidities. METHODS: Retrospective case analysis of electronic database of department of paediatrics cardiac surgery, CPEIC, Multan was done. Forty consecutive patients operated for partial atrioventricular septal defect repair from September 2011 to October 2016 were included. Mean age was 14.67±7.96 years. 60% (24) patients were male. Regarding echocardiographic findings, pre-operatively 40% (n=16) had mild, 47...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460773/the-development-of-pacing-induced-ventricular-dysfunction-is-influenced-by-the-underlying-structural-heart-defect-in-children-with-congenital-heart-disease
#2
Seshadri Balaji, Narayanswami Sreeram
BACKGROUND: Right ventricular pacing can cause pacing-induced ventricular dysfunction (PIVD) correctable with biventricular pacing (BiVP). Factors associated with PIVD are poorly understood. METHODS: We reviewed children receiving epicardial dual-chamber pacemakers for complete heart block (CHB) after congenital heart disease (CHD) surgery. PIVD was defined as% fractional shortening <15% improving after BiVP. RESULTS: Between 2005 and 2014, 47 children <2years developed CHB after CHD surgery...
March 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400660/anthropometric-analysis-of-the-hip-joint-in-south-indian-population-using-computed-tomography
#3
Vetrivel Chezian Sengodan, Elangovan Sinmayanantham, J Saravana Kumar
BACKGROUND: Proximal femur has a significant functional modification on erect bipedal posture. Various proximal femoral parameters were analyzed in Western literature. This information was utilized in prosthetic designing. Implants designed for Western people are used in Indian patients undergoing hip surgeries such as internal fixation and replacement arthroplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was done among 200 individuals (400 hips) with a normal hip joint after ethical committee clearance...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329461/cardiac-function-after-tetralogy-of-fallot-complete-atrioventricular-canal-repair
#4
MULTICENTER STUDY
Elizabeth H Stephens, Jennifer Tingo, Marc Najjar, Betul Yilmaz, Stéphanie Levasseur, Jeffrey D Dayton, Ralph S Mosca, Paul Chai, Jan M Quaegebeur, Emile A Bacha
BACKGROUND: Repair of complete atrioventricular canal (CAVC) with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is a challenging operation increasingly being performed as a complete, primary repair in infancy. Previous studies have focused on perioperative outcomes; however, midterm valve function, ventricular function, and residual obstruction have received little attention. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 20 patients who underwent CAVC/TOF repair (January 2005 to December 2014)...
March 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219544/the-society-of-thoracic-surgeons-congenital-heart-surgery-database-2017-update-on-outcomes-and-quality
#5
Jeffrey P Jacobs, John E Mayer, Constantine Mavroudis, Sean M O'Brien, Erle H Austin, Sara K Pasquali, Kevin D Hill, David M Overman, James D St Louis, Tara Karamlou, Christian Pizarro, Jennifer C Hirsch-Romano, Donna McDonald, Jane M Han, Susan Becker, Christo I Tchervenkov, Francois Lacour-Gayet, Carl L Backer, Charles D Fraser, James S Tweddell, Martin J Elliott, Hal Walters, Richard A Jonas, Richard L Prager, David M Shahian, Marshall L Jacobs
The Society of Thoracic Surgeons Congenital Heart Surgery Database is the largest congenital and pediatric cardiac surgical clinical data registry in the world. It is the platform for all activities of The Society of Thoracic Surgeons related to the analysis of outcomes and the improvement of quality in this subspecialty. This report summarizes current aggregate national outcomes in congenital and pediatric cardiac surgery and reviews related activities in the areas of quality measurement, performance improvement, and transparency...
March 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072626/acquired-coronary-artery-disease-in-adult-patients-with-congenital-heart-disease-a-true-or-a-false-problem
#6
Alessandro Giamberti, Mauro Lo Rito, Erika Conforti, Alessandro Varrica, Mario Carminati, Alessandro Frigiola, Lorenzo Menicanti, Massimo Chessa
BACKGROUND: The population of adults with congenital heart disease (ACHD) is increasing and aging, and a large percentage of this population is now over 65 years of age. For this reason, it is probable that acquired coronary artery disease (CAD) will become an important issue that needs to be addressed also in these patients. We retrospectively analyzed all ACHD patients who underwent surgery in our Institution with the aim to investigate the incidence of associated CAD and the results of surgical treatment...
August 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918824/schlemm-s-canal-expansion-after-uncomplicated-phacoemulsification-surgery-an-optical-coherence-tomography-study
#7
Zhennan Zhao, Xiangjia Zhu, Wenwen He, Chunhui Jiang, Yi Lu
Purpose: To evaluate the effects of phacoemulsification cataract surgery on Schlemm's canal (SC) using swept-source optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods: Patients with a senile cataract were included. The SC area and diameter were checked by OCT at the baseline and 1 day, 1 week, 1 month, and 6 months after the cataract surgery. Multivariate linear regression analysis was performed for predictors of change in the mean SC area and diameter. Results: Twenty-five eyes (25 patients) were included in the final analysis...
December 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568138/advances-in-surgical-treatment-of-congenital-airway-disease
#8
REVIEW
William S Ragalie, Michael E Mitchell
Tracheobronchomalacia (TBM) is frequently present in infants and children with congenital heart disease (CHD). Infants with CHD and TBM appear to do worse than those without TBM. The principle of operative intervention for TBM is to improve function of the airway and clinical status. When indicated, conventional surgical options include tracheostomy, aortopexy, tracheoplasty, and anterior tracheal suspension. There is no consensus on the optimal treatment of severe tracheobonchomalacia, which can be associated with a mortality rate as high as 80%...
December 0: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27481913/spontaneous-obliteration-of-spontaneous-vertebral-arteriovenous-fistula-associated-with-fibromuscular-dysplasia-after-partial-surgery-a-case-report
#9
Prasert Iampreechakul, Somkiet Siriwimonmas
We describe a patient with spontaneous obliteration of spontaneous vertebral arteriovenous fistula (VAVF) associated with fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) after partial surgery. A 52-year-old hypertensive female woke up one morning with left shoulder pain and weakness of the left upper extremity. A few days later, she developed left-sided audible bruit. She was treated for left frozen shoulder and supportive treatment for audible bruit for four years. She was referred from her general physician to a neurosurgeon because of left arm weakness...
December 2016: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27347288/double-orifice-mitral-valve-associated-with-atrioventricular-canal-defects
#10
REVIEW
Jaafar Rhissassi, Hicham El Malki, Fatima Azzahra Benmessaoud, Tahar El Kandoussi, Mohamed Laaroussi
A 4 year-old male presented with effort dyspnea, and was diagnosed as atrioventricular canal defects. This finding was confirmed by open heart surgery, and a congenital double orifice mitral valve was discovered. The septal defect was closed but the double orifice mitral valve was respected because of the absence of hemodynamic disturbance. We report this case with review of literature.
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27122895/rescue-of-coronary-injury-with-right-internal-mammary-artery-bypass-during-repair-of-a-complex-congenital-heart
#11
Ming-Yuan Kang, Hao-Ji Wei, Chung-Chi Wang, Yen Chang
UNLABELLED: A 10-year-old boy with polysplenia syndrome was diagnosed with complex congenital heart disease, including common atrium, bilateral superior vena cava, complete atrioventricular canal defect, severe pulmonary stenosis, interrupted inferior vena cava, and patent ductus arteriosus. Previously, he underwent a bilateral bidirectional Glenn shunt operation with ligation of the patent ductus arteriosus in April, 2009, when he was six years old. During the operation, his left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) was injured accidently due to abnormally high coronary artery takeoff...
July 2015: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26931266/incomplete-pentalogy-of-cantrell-a-case-report
#12
M A Ali, T Tazmin, T Latif, S A Haque, M A Hossain, M N Islam, R H Khan, M A Hoque
Cantrell's Pentalogy is a rare congenital malformation consists of supraumbilical abdominal wall defect, defect in the lower part of sternum, agenesis of anterior portion of diaphragm, an absence of the diaphragmatic part of the pericardium and intracardiac malformation. This case report presents a female neonate, who was born at 40 weeks of gestation weighing 2400 gm and was admitted 4 hours after delivery with the complaints of something coming out from chest. On physical examination her vital signs were within normal limit, she had a systolic murmur on heart at lower left sternal area and there was a vascular structure present on the upper part of abdomen which was pulsatile and pulsation was synchronized with cardiac pulsation...
January 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26904211/outcomes-of-total-cavopulmonary-connection-for-single-ventricle-palliation
#13
Minghui Zou, Yanfei Wang, Hujun Cui, Li Ma, Shengchun Yang, Yuansheng Xia, Weidan Chen, Xinxin Chen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to review the early and mid-term outcomes of the total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) procedure and evaluate risk factors for prolonged pleural effusions. METHODS: The clinical records of 82 consecutive patients, who underwent a TCPC operation between January 2008 and December 2013, were reviewed for incidence of prolonged pleural effusions, duration of ventilation time and pleural drainage, length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay, and early and mid-term morbidity and mortality...
January 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26897186/the-society-of-thoracic-surgeons-congenital-heart-surgery-database-2016-update-on-outcomes-and-quality
#14
REVIEW
Jeffrey P Jacobs, John E Mayer, Constantine Mavroudis, Sean M O'Brien, Erle H Austin, Sara K Pasquali, Kevin D Hill, Xia He, David M Overman, James D St Louis, Tara Karamlou, Christian Pizarro, Jennifer C Hirsch-Romano, Donna McDonald, Jane M Han, Rachel S Dokholyan, Christo I Tchervenkov, Francois Lacour-Gayet, Carl L Backer, Charles D Fraser, James S Tweddell, Martin J Elliott, Hal Walters, Richard A Jonas, Richard L Prager, David M Shahian, Marshall L Jacobs
The Society of Thoracic Surgeons Congenital Heart Surgery Database is the largest congenital and pediatric cardiac surgical clinical data registry in the world. It is the platform for all activities of The Society of Thoracic Surgeons related to the analysis of outcomes and the improvement of quality in this subspecialty. This article summarizes current aggregate national outcomes in congenital and pediatric cardiac surgery and reviews related activities in the areas of quality measurement, performance improvement, and transparency...
March 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26771680/a-case-of-spinal-epidural-venous-malformation-with-mediastinal-extension-management-with-combined-surgery-and-percutaneous-sclerotherapy
#15
Gurpreet S Gandhoke, Sabri Yilmaz, Lorelei Grunwaldt, Ronald L Hamilton, David J Salvetti, Stephanie Greene
While spinal epidural arteriovenous malformations, fistulas, and shunts are well reported, the presence of a venous malformation in the spinal epidural space is a rare phenomenon. Herein, the authors report the clinical presentation, imaging findings, pathological features, and the outcome of surgical and percutaneous interventional management of a mediastinal and spinal epidural venous malformation in a young woman who presented clinically with neurogenic claudication from presumed venous hypertension precipitating the formation of a syrinx...
May 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26685152/surgical-repair-of-partial-atrioventricular-defect
#16
Issam El-Rassi, Fatimah Charafedine, Mariane Majdalani, Mariam Arabi, Daniele Khater, Fadi Bitar
Long-term survival rate of patients operated for partial atrioventricular (AV) canal is lower than that of the general population, and late complications are relatively significant: between 10 and 30% of operated patients present with left AV valve regurgitation, and up to 25% have to be reoperated for valve repair or replacement, left ventricular outflow tract obstruction or residual atrial septal defect. Because the left AV valve regurgitation is the most common complication following surgery, technical details in the surgical management of the mitral valve are the most important aspects of this procedure; for example, the decision to close the cleft and to perform an annuloplasty...
2015: Multimedia Manual of Cardiothoracic Surgery: MMCTS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26627695/-hospital-morbidity-and-mortality-in-children-with-down-s-syndrome-experience-in-a-university-hospital-in-chile
#17
Macarena Lizama Calvo, Jaime Cerda Lorca, Marcela Monge Iriarte, Irene Carrillo Mayanquer, Cristian Clavería Rodríguez, Andrés Castillo Moya
INTRODUCTION: Children with Down's syndrome (DS) have a higher risk of congenital malformations and acute diseases, with increased risk of hospital admissions compared with the general population. This study describes patterns of hospital admissions for children and adolescents with DS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of hospital admissions of children with DS, younger than 15 years old, and cared for by the Paediatric Department of the Hospital Clínico Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, between 2008 and 2011...
March 2016: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26258302/mutations-in-dchs1-cause-mitral-valve-prolapse
#18
Ronen Durst, Kimberly Sauls, David S Peal, Annemarieke deVlaming, Katelynn Toomer, Maire Leyne, Monica Salani, Michael E Talkowski, Harrison Brand, Maëlle Perrocheau, Charles Simpson, Christopher Jett, Matthew R Stone, Florie Charles, Colby Chiang, Stacey N Lynch, Nabila Bouatia-Naji, Francesca N Delling, Lisa A Freed, Christophe Tribouilloy, Thierry Le Tourneau, Hervé LeMarec, Leticia Fernandez-Friera, Jorge Solis, Daniel Trujillano, Stephan Ossowski, Xavier Estivill, Christian Dina, Patrick Bruneval, Adrian Chester, Jean-Jacques Schott, Kenneth D Irvine, Yaopan Mao, Andy Wessels, Tahirali Motiwala, Michel Puceat, Yoshikazu Tsukasaki, Donald R Menick, Harinath Kasiganesan, Xingju Nie, Ann-Marie Broome, Katherine Williams, Amanda Johnson, Roger R Markwald, Xavier Jeunemaitre, Albert Hagege, Robert A Levine, David J Milan, Russell A Norris, Susan A Slaugenhaupt
Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is a common cardiac valve disease that affects nearly 1 in 40 individuals. It can manifest as mitral regurgitation and is the leading indication for mitral valve surgery. Despite a clear heritable component, the genetic aetiology leading to non-syndromic MVP has remained elusive. Four affected individuals from a large multigenerational family segregating non-syndromic MVP underwent capture sequencing of the linked interval on chromosome 11. We report a missense mutation in the DCHS1 gene, the human homologue of the Drosophila cell polarity gene dachsous (ds), that segregates with MVP in the family...
September 3, 2015: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26163359/potential-molecular-mechanism-of-retrograde-aortic-arch-stenosis-in-the-hybrid-approach-to-hypoplastic-left-heart-syndrome
#19
Narutoshi Hibino, Mary J Cismowski, Brenda Lilly, Patrick I McConnell, Toshiharu Shinoka, John P Cheatham, Pamela A Lucchesi, Mark E Galantowicz, Aaron J Trask
BACKGROUND: The hybrid palliation for hypoplastic left heart syndrome has emerged as an alternative approach to the Norwood procedure. The development of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in-stent stenosis can cause retrograde aortic arch stenosis (RAAS), leading to significant morbidity. This study aimed to identify potential mechanisms of PDA in-stent stenosis contributing to RAAS. METHODS: Tissues from stented PDAs were collected from 17 patients undergoing comprehensive stage II repair between 2009 and 2014...
September 2015: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26093954/lower-mini-sternotomy-in-congenital-heart-disease-just-a-cosmetic-improvement
#20
Maria Garcia Vieites, Ivonne Cardenas, Hugo Loyola, Laura Fernandez Arias, Irene Garcia Hernandez, Isaac Martinez-Bendayan, Fernando Rueda, Jose J Cuenca Castillo, Francisco Portela Torron, Victor Bautista-Hernández
OBJECTIVES: Lower mini-sternotomy represents a minimally invasive surgical technique that has been utilized for the repair of a wide variety of congenital heart defects with excellent surgical and cosmetic outcomes. However, clinical improvements provided for this technique beyond cosmetic results are controversial. The aim of our study is to report our results with lower mini-sternotomy for the repair of congenital heart malformations and compare them with a matched group with a full median sternotomy approach...
September 2015: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
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