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Medial elbow pain

Derrick M Knapik, Cameron L Fausett, Allison Gilmore, Raymond W Liu
BACKGROUND: Medial epicondyle fractures may occur in isolation or with associated elbow dislocation. In the absence of open fracture or fragment incarceration, nonoperative management with immobilization has been shown to result in generally successfully outcomes comparable with those reported after surgical fixation. However, no comparative investigation has assessed outcomes after nonoperative treatment based on the presence or absence of elbow dislocation. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted investigating all studies in the literature reporting nonoperative outcomes for isolated medial epicondyle fractures and fracture-dislocations...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
J Christoph Katthagen, Dimitri S Tahal, Travis J Menge, Marilee P Horan, Peter J Millett
HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of open resection arthroplasty for osteoarthritis of the sternoclavicular (SC) joint on pain levels, functional outcomes, and return to sport. METHODS: Patients from a single surgeon's practice who underwent open resection arthroplasty (maximum 10-mm resection) for SC osteoarthritis or prearthritic changes between November 2006 and November 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. This was an outcomes study with prospectively collected data...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Keith T Corpus, Samuel A Taylor, Stephen J O'Brien, Lawrence V Gulotta
BACKGROUND: Traditional intra-articular arthroscopic repair techniques for massive anterosuperior rotator cuff tears are technically demanding and necessitate sacrifice of the rotator interval to enable visualization. An interval slide allows mobilization through release of the medial aspect of the rotator interval, while leaving the lateral, bridging fibers intact. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: The purpose of this study was to report a novel, arthroscopic, open-equivalent technique using the subdeltoid space to address these tears along with early clinical results...
October 2016: HSS Journal: the Musculoskeletal Journal of Hospital for Special Surgery
M Burnier, G Buisson, A Ricard, V Cunin, J P Pracros, F Chotel
INTRODUCTION: Among the various elbow injuries in children that initially have normal radiographs, a certain number of occult fractures are only diagnosed correctly after the fact, during a follow-up visit. PURPOSE: This study evaluated the diagnostic contribution of ultrasonography in the treatment of acute elbow injuries in children and the strategic and economic impact of using this tool alongside radiography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During this prospective study performed between January 1 and April 1 2014, elbow ultrasonography was performed within 6 days in all children under 15 years of age with a suspected occult fracture...
September 30, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Jun Sakata, Emi Nakamura, Makoto Suzukawa, Atsushi Akaike, Kuniaki Shimizu
BACKGROUND: The physical risk factors for a medial elbow injury in junior baseball players are unknown. PURPOSE: To identify the risk factors for an initial medial elbow injury in junior baseball players. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: Junior baseball players (aged 6-12 years) without a history of elbow pain underwent a clinical assessment, ultrasonography, and physical function measurements before the baseball season started...
September 7, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Mao Qi Gong, Xiao Wen Huang, Cheng Wang, Ye Jun Zha, Ying Li, Li Dan Zhang, Xie Yuan Jiang, Man Yi Wang
PURPOSE: To evaluate surgical treatment of symptomatic non-union of lateral condylar elbow fractures in adults. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, 11 consecutive adult patients were surgically treated for symptomatic non-union of the lateral humeral condyle. Milch type I fracture non-unions (n = 3) were treated with medial closing wedge osteotomy and ulnar nerve transposition, while type II equivalents (n = 8) were treated with non-union fixation and bone grafting...
September 5, 2016: International Orthopaedics
Justin Chak Yiu Lam, Ka Lok Ryan Lee, James F Griffith
Brachialis periosteal avulsion injury is an uncommon injury occurring in young children. The injury may be misinterpreted or overlooked because of misleading or subtle radiological findings. A case of 7-year-old child with post-traumatic elbow pain and subtle findings on elbow radiography is presented. The injury was initially misinterpreted as an avulsion fracture of the medial epicondyle. Following radiological review, a diagnosis of brachialis periosteal avulsion injury was made. The radiographic and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of this injury are presented to stress the value of comparing the radiographic findings with previous imaging and to increase awareness of this uncommon injury...
November 2016: Skeletal Radiology
Katsuhisa Tanabe, Nao Miyamoto
Fracture of the humeral medial epicondyle is a relatively common injury in children. Surgery is a good option for treatment, but correct diagnosis is important. Most fractures occur after the ossification of the medial epicondylar apophysis. If a fracture occurs before the ossification of the medial epicondyle, it is undetectable by radiographs. Here we report a case of an unossified medial epicondyle fracture of the humerus. A 9-year-old boy had persistent pain in the medial side of the right elbow after a fall...
October 2016: Skeletal Radiology
Andrea Celli
BACKGROUND: During the past decade, total elbow arthroplasty (TEA) procedures have increased because of an increase in the number of trauma patients. Even though most current posterior approaches to the elbow provide excellent joint exposure, they involve the risk of extensor mechanism injury and of eventual insufficiency, particularly in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) secondary to fracture. I describe a new triceps exposure approach for TEA, the anconeus-triceps lateral flap, which has proved valuable in patients with distal humeral and olecranon fracture malunion, and its preliminary results at a minimum follow-up of 24 months...
August 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Tsuyoshi Tajika, Atsushi Yamamoto, Noboru Oya, Tsuyoshi Ichinose, Daisuke Shimoyama, Tsuyoshi Sasaki, Hitoshi Shitara, Takanori Kitagawa, Kenichi Saito, Takashi Osawa, Kenji Takagishi
BACKGROUND: Few reports in the literature relate morphologic changes of the ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) to prior elbow symptoms. This study used ultrasonography (US) to assess the ulnohumeral joint space width, with and without stress, and elucidate morphologic changes of the UCL of the elbow in high school pitchers with and without a history of elbow symptoms. METHODS: Each of 122 high school baseball pitchers who underwent US of the medial aspect of both elbows completed a self-administered questionnaire related to the self-satisfaction score (0-100) for pitching performance and throwing-related elbow joint pain sustained during the prior 3 years...
August 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Hirotaka Sugiura, Emiko Horii, Shukuki Koh
Medial condyle fracture of the humerus is extremely rare in pediatric elbow fractures. We report a rare case of malunion of medial condyle fracture in a 10-year-old boy who had an injury on the right elbow at age 4. He was referred to our clinic because of severe varus deformity (the carrying angle was 191°, unaffected side 172°) with instability. Extra-articular closing wedge osteotomy was performed. Five years after surgery, the carrying angle was 172° and the patient had no pain and no difficulties with activities of daily living...
July 7, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
Arie J van Duijn, Shawn D Felton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Johannes B Roedl, Felix M Gonzalez, Adam C Zoga, William B Morrison, Mika T Nevalainen, Michael G Ciccotti, Levon N Nazarian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Radiology
Rakesh Kumar, Vishal Sekhawat, S S Sankhala, Isha Bijarnia
INTRODUCTION: In view of the comparative frequency of posterior dislocations of the elbow, it is rather remarkable that anterior dislocations of that joint should be among the rarest of injuries. Authors report a case of acute anterior dislocation with old fracture of medial epicondyle. CASE REPORT: 22 years old male presented with acute pain and tenderness with deformity of right elbow joint and inability to move the elbow joint after he fell down during an episode of seizure...
July 2014: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
William H Rossy, Luke S Oh
Overhead athletes subject their elbows to significant valgus stresses throughout the throwing cycle. A steady rise in the number of medial-sided elbow injuries over the years has lead to increased awareness regarding the pathophysiology of the "pitcher's elbow." As our understanding of the functional anatomy and throwing biomechanics has become more sophisticated, we have seen a concurrent improvement in the outcomes associated with managing these injuries. Despite this improvement, continued anatomical and biomechanical research is still needed to further optimize outcomes and return to sport...
June 2016: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Eric C Hans, W Brian Saunders, Brian S Beale, Don A Hulse
Fragmentation of the medial coronoid process (FCP) is an uncommon cause of thoracic limb lameness in toy and small breed dogs. Arthroscopic findings and treatment remains poorly described. The objective of this study was to describe the arthroscopic findings and short-term outcome following arthroscopic treatment in toy and small breed dogs with FCP. Medical records were retrospectively reviewed. Arthroscopic findings were available from 13 elbows (12 dogs). Outcome data ≥4 wk postoperatively were available for nine elbows...
July 2016: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
Johannes B Roedl, Felix M Gonzalez, Adam C Zoga, William B Morrison, Mika T Nevalainen, Michael G Ciccotti, Levon N Nazarian
Purpose To evaluate a combined imaging approach with both ultrasonography (US; conventional US and valgus stress US) and magnetic resonance (MR) arthrography in baseball players with medial elbow pain. Materials and Methods Institutional review board approval was obtained and the requirement for informed consent was waived. The study is compliant with HIPAA. Baseball players with medial elbow pain underwent US in addition to MR arthrography. Findings were assessed with each modality alone and both combined in this retrospective investigation...
June 2016: Radiology
Mana Higashihara, Fumie Konoeda, Masahiro Sonoo
Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) is a well-known disorder, but many aspects of its pathology, including its definition, has been disputed. True neurogenic TOS (TN-TOS) is a rare but well-defined clinical condition. TN-TOS results from the compression of the C8/T1 roots (dominant for the T1 root) or the proximal lower trunk of the brachial plexus by a fibrous band. The band extends from the first rib to either the tip of an elongated C7 transverse process or a rudimentary cervical rib. The most common presenting symptoms of TN-TOS are insidious-onset atrophy and weakness of the intrinsic hand muscles, predominantly in the thenar eminence and radial digit flexors...
May 2016: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
Andrew T Pennock, Andrew Pytiak, Phillip Stearns, Joanna H Roocroft, Jerry Dwek, Peter Kruk, Tracey P Bastrom
BACKGROUND: Youth baseball has been associated with elbow pain and elbow abnormalities, leading to the implementation of throwing and pitching guidelines. The purpose of the current study was to examine elbow abnormalities on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in asymptomatic Little League baseball players and to correlate these findings with the players' throwing history and physical examinations. METHODS: A prospective study of Little League players who were 10 to 13 years of age was performed...
May 4, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Mehmet Hakan Özsoy, Metin Işık, Abdurrahman Sakaoğulları, Hacı Mustafa Özdemir, Mehmet Yücel, Veysel Ercan Dincel
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of a new reconstruction with anconeus interposition arthroplasty in acute multiligamentous elbow injuries with irreparable radial head fractures. METHODS: Five patients (3 males, 2 females) with a mean age of 42.6 years who underwent reconstruction with anconeus arhtroplasty were evaluated. With lateral approach, lateral capsuloligamentous structures were repaired, the radial head was excised, and anconeus interposition arthroplasty was performed...
2016: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
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