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Bleaching teeth

Akiko Haruyama, Atsushi Kameyama, Junji Kato, Shinji Takemoto, Yutaka Oda, Eiji Kawada, Toshiyuki Takahashi, Masahiro Furusawa
This study evaluated the microtensile bond strength (μTBS) of 1-step self-etch adhesives (1-SEAs) and 2-step self-etch adhesives (2-SEAs) to pulp chamber dentin immediately after bleaching with 2 types of common bleaching techniques. Pulp chamber dentin of bovine teeth was bleached using 30% hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) solution with quartz-tungsten-halogen light-curing unit (Group 1) and 3.5% H2O2-containing titanium dioxide (TiO2) (Pyrenees®) activated with 405-nm violet diode laser for 15 min (Group 2). Unbleached specimens were placed in distilled water for 15 min and used as controls...
2016: BioMed Research International
Margarita Yoshpe, Arieh Kaufman, Shaul Lin, Eran Gabay, Shmuel Einy
: Invasive cervical resorption (ICR), a destructive form of external root resorption, is characterized by invasion of the fibrovascular tissue. This phenomenon is very rare and appears in 0.02% of the general population where the leading factors are orthodontics in addition to trauma, restorations, and bleaching. Heavy orthodontic force may increase the incidence to 1%. One of the main concerns regarding ICR is that it is often misdiagnosed with conventional diagnostic tools. In recent decades, a cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) imaging technique has become more common and can lead to a more accurate diagnosis and treatment plan...
September 26, 2016: Quintessence International
Leandro Passos, Fernando Peixoto Soares, Mauricio Gallo
This case report describes a successful multidisciplinary approach used to improve the smile esthetics of a patient presenting with excessive gingival display, asymmetric gingival margins, and small upper anterior teeth and lower anterior teeth. The treatment combined esthetic crown lengthening, dental bleaching, and restorative dentistry using CAD/CAM veneer. The 6-month follow-up examination confirmed the stability of the modification and absence of adverse effects.
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
A L Briso, T C Fagundes, M O Gallinari, J Moreira, Lcag de Almeida, V Rahal, R S Gonçalves, Ph Dos Santos
The aim of this study was to evaluate overall color change in bovine tooth fragments submitted to dental bleaching treatment performed simultaneously with the ingestion of beverages containing dyes. For this purpose, tooth fragments assembled into intraoral devices were submitted to at-home dental bleaching using 10% carbamide peroxide (CP) for 14 days and to immersion in staining beverages for 10 minutes daily. The specimens were divided into the following study groups according to bleaching treatment and staining substance (n=12): G I (negative control): no bleaching + distilled water; G II (positive control): bleaching + distilled water; G III: bleaching + coffee; and G IV: bleaching + grape juice...
September 20, 2016: Operative Dentistry
M Rezende, J L De Geus, A D Loguercio, A Reis, D Kossatz
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the genotoxicity of in-office bleaching with 35% hydrogen peroxide in epithelial cells from the gingival and lip tissues. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Thirty volunteers with central incisors shade A1 or darker were selected for this study. The gingival tissue of the teeth to be bleached was isolated with a light-polymerized resin dam, and the 35% hydrogen peroxide gel was administered during three 15-minute applications over the course of the 45-minute application period...
September 20, 2016: Operative Dentistry
L T A Cintra, L L Ferreira, F Benetti, A A Gastélum, J E Gomes-Filho, E Ervolino, A L F Briso
AIM: To evaluate pulpal tissue response after dental bleaching in normal and alloxan-induced diabetic rats. METHODOLOGY: Twenty-eight rats were divided into two groups of normoglycaemic and diabetic rats (n = 14). Diabetes mellitus (DM) was induced with alloxan. After DM confirmation, all rats were anaesthetized and dental bleaching was performed with 35% hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ) on the right maxillary molars for 30 min. Left molars were used as controls. Bleaching resulted in four hemimaxillae groups: normoglycaemic (N), N-bleached (NBle), diabetic (D) and D-bleached (DBle)...
September 10, 2016: International Endodontic Journal
E Fernández, C Bersezio, J Bottner, F Avalos, I Godoy, D Inda, P Vildósola, Jrc Saad, O B Oliveira, J Martín
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate the color longevity after nine months of in-office bleaching with gel (6% hydrogen peroxide), to compare this to a control concentration of 35% in a split-mouth study model, and to assess the dental confidence and psychosocial impact on patients. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Twenty-seven patients were assessed at the nine-month recall. The bleaching procedure with 6% or 35% hydrogen peroxide gel was performed randomly in the upper hemi-arch of each patient...
August 29, 2016: Operative Dentistry
I-Hsuan Su, Chen-Fu Lee, Yu-Pin Su, Lai-Hao Wang
OBJECTIVES: To study using cobalt-tetraphenylporphyrin/reduced graphene oxide (CoTPP/RGO), a nanocomposite highly catalytic both for oxidizing and for reducing hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ), to whiten teeth. METHODS: Dyes (D&C Red 34, Orange No. 4), tea, and betel nuts (Areca catechu) were used to stain the tooth specimens for three days and subsequently bleached using H2 O2 alone, H2 O2 plus CoTPP, or H2 O2 plus CoTPP/RGO for 0.5-70 hours. The process was photographed using an electronic chromometer and a camera...
September 2016: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
Yacoub Al-Tarakemah, Brian W Darvell
OBJECTIVE: Bleaching (alias whitening) is increasingly the chosen means of modifying the appearance of teeth for cosmetic reasons. Behbehani et al. (2012) acquired the largest known data set for the effects of bleaching over time (300 patients for ∼1year), but the analysis then was rather superficial and did not exploit the full depth of information available in it. METHODS: Data collected by Behbehani et al. (2012) were re-analysed to explore in detail the variation in outcome between patients and over time...
October 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Andrés Dávila-Sánchez, Andrés Fernando Montenegro, Arana-Gordillo Alfonso, Paulo Vitor Farago, Alessandro D Loguercio, Alessandra Reis
PURPOSE: To evaluate the occlusive potential of four toothpastes by atomic force microscopy (AFM) before and after bleaching and quantify the hydrogen peroxide (HP) diffusion into the pulp chamber after application of desensitizing toothpastes in teeth with cervical lesions. METHODS: In 52 human extracted premolars, 2-mm deep artificial cervical lesions (ACL) were prepared and rinsed with EDTA for 10 seconds. Then teeth were adapted in a brushing machine and brushed with one of the following toothpastes [Regular toothpaste with no occlusive compounds Colgate Cavity Protection (CP), Oral-B Pro Health (OB), Colgate ProRelief (PR) and Sensodyne Rapid Relief (RR)] under constant loading (250 g; 4...
June 2016: American Journal of Dentistry
Mahmoud K Al-Omiri, Ra'ed S Abul Hassan, Bader K AlZarea, Edward Lynch
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of bleaching after combining ozone and 38% H2O2 in comparison to the sole use of 38% H2O2. METHODS: Consecutive 26 participants (13 males and 13 females) were recruited into this study. They were randomly allocated into 2 groups (n=13 for each group). In group 1 (test group); the participants' upper anterior teeth were treated with 38% H2O2 for 20min then the teeth were exposed to ozone for 60s (healOzone(®) X4, KaVo Dental, Biberach, Germany)...
October 2016: Journal of Dentistry
Carmen Llena, Leopoldo Forner, María Vazquez
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the dental bleaching efficacy of 37.5% hydrogen peroxide (HP), with and without light activation, in HP-exposed and unexposed areas. METHOD: 28 bovine teeth were selected and divided into two groups (n = 14). Crowns were detached and stained with tea. The gingival half was covered with a gingival barrier. In the incisal half, 37.5% HP (Pola Office+, SDI) was applied three times, with a 1-week interval between applications...
2016: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
Flavio Palazzi, Gennaro Sadile, Zahed Mohammadi, Massimo Del Fabbro, Francesco Riccitiello
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study was to assess the effect of concentration and temperature of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) with added surfactants and time of exposure on its penetration into human dentine. METHODS: Seventy-five extracted permanent maxillary anterior teeth with single canals were shaped by using ProTaper SX hand-operated instruments. Then teeth were sectioned perpendicular to their long axis. The crowns and apical thirds of all the teeth were removed...
July 14, 2016: Minerva Stomatologica
R Lo Giudice, G Pantaleo, A Lizio, U Romeo, G Castiello, G Spagnuolo, G Lo Giudice
BACKGROUND: Auxiliary power sources (LED and laser) are used in in-office teeth bleaching techniques to accelerate the redox reaction of the whitening gel to increase ease of use, to improve comfort and safety, and to decrease the procedure time. OBJECTIVE: The aim this study is to evaluate the efficiency of the teeth whitening procedures performed with hydrogen peroxide and carbamide peroxide, LED or Laser activated. METHOD: 18 patients, affected by exogenous dyschromia, were treated with a bleaching agent composed by 35% hydrogen peroxide and 10% carbamide peroxide...
2016: Open Dentistry Journal
Mahshid Mohammadi Basir, Mohammad Bagher Rezvani, Nasim Chiniforush, Zohreh Moradi
BACKGROUND: Tooth restoration immediately after bleaching is challenging due to the potential problems in achieving adequate bond strength. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of surface treatment with ER:YAG, ND:YAG, CO2 lasers and 10% sodium ascorbate solution on immediate microtensile bond strength of composite resin to recently bleached enamel. MATERIALS & METHODS: Ninety sound molar teeth were randomly divided into three main groups (n:30) : NB (without bleaching), HB (bleached with 38% carbamide peroxide) and OB (bleached with Heydent bleaching gel assisted by diode laser)...
2016: Open Dentistry Journal
Cristina Dupim Presoto, Janaina Freitas Bortolatto, Priscila Petrucelli Freire de Carvalho, Tamara Carolina Trevisan, Michael Christopher Floros, Osmir Batista de Oliveira Junior
Dental bleaching is considered a conservative and biologically safe treatment for discolored teeth. Despite this, one of the major undesirable effects of bleaching is dentin sensitivity which may occur during and after treatment. To address these sensitivity issues, new dental bleaching preparations with lower concentrations of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) have recently been introduced to the market. This paper presents a clinical case report of a 20-year-old female patient admitted to the Araraquara Dental School, UNESP, Brazil...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
A P Mena-Serrano, E Garcia, I Luque-Martinez, Rhm Grande, A D Loguercio, A Reis
OBJECTIVE: To compare the bleaching efficacy and tooth sensitivity (TS) of two hydrogen peroxide (HP) concentrations (20% and 35%) used for in-office bleaching associated or not with a light-emitting diode (LED)/laser light activation. METHOD: Seventy-seven patients with a right maxillary canine darker than A3 were selected for this single-blind randomized trial. The participants were distributed in four groups: bleaching with 35% HP, 35% HP + LED/laser, 20% HP, and 20% HP + LED/laser...
June 28, 2016: Operative Dentistry
Kevin J Hanley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: New York State Dental Journal
Maryam Khoroushi, Hamid Mazaheri, Tahere Saneie, Pouran Samimi
BACKGROUND: Despite the absence of dispute about the efficacy of bleaching agents, a prime concern is about their compromising effect on the enamel structure. This in vitro study investigated whether the addition of three different biomaterials, including nano-bioactive glass (n-BG)/nano-hydroxy apetite (n-HA)/nano-amorphous calcium phosphate (n-ACP), to bleaching agents can affect the fracture toughness (FT) and vickers hardness number (VHN) of bovine enamel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The crowns of the newly extracted permanent bovine incisors teeth were separated from the root and sectioned along their central line; one half serving as the control specimen and the other half as the test specimen...
April 2016: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Keren Cristina Fagundes Jordão-Basso, Milton Carlos Kuga, Andrea Abi Rached Dantas, Mateus Rodrigues Tonetto, Suellen Nogueira Linhares Lima, Matheus Coêlho Bandéca
This study evaluated the effects of 10% alphatocopherol on the fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth subjected to tooth bleaching with hydrogen peroxide and immediately restored with composite resin. Fifty bovine incisors were selected, including 10 sound teeth that constituted the control group (G1 (C)). The remaining 40 teeth, which were endodontically treated, were divided into four groups (n = 10): G2 (CR), consisting of teeth immediately restored with composite resin; G3 (HP + CR), consisting of teeth subjected to tooth bleaching with 38% hydrogen peroxide and immediately restored with composite resin; G4 (HP + SA + CR), which received treatment similar to that used for G3, but with 10% sodium ascorbate gel applied after the bleaching protocol; and G5 (HP + AT + CR), which was similar to G4 but included 10% alphatocopherol gel as an antioxidant...
May 20, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
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