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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928097/tooth-colour-and-whiteness-a-review
#1
Andrew Joiner, Wen Luo
OBJECTIVES: To review current knowledge concerning the application of colour science on tooth colour and whiteness description, measurement, distribution and its psychological impact. DATA SOURCES: "Scopus" databases were searched electronically with the principal keywords tooth, teeth, colour, white, whiteness. Language was restricted to English and original studies and reviews were included. Conference papers and abstracts were excluded. CONCLUSIONS: The appearance and colour of teeth is a common concern for patients across many populations and is associated with an increased desire for treatments that improve dental aesthetics, including tooth whitening...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859964/in-vitro-and-clinical-evaluation-of-optical-tooth-whitening-toothpastes
#2
Danying Tao, Jianing N Sun, Xiaojie Wang, Qiong Zhang, Mojgan A Naeeni, Carole J Philpotts, Andrew Joiner
OBJECTIVES: To measure tooth whitening effects delivered immediately after brushing with silica-based toothpastes containing either blue covarine or a combination of blue covarine and FD&C Blue No. 1 in vitro and in vivo. METHODS: Salivary pellicle coated human extracted teeth were brushed with either a slurry of a toothpaste containing blue covarine (BC) or a formulation containing a matched level of blue covarine and FD&C Blue No.1 (BC+D). The colour of the specimens were measured in vitro using a colorimeter, before and after brushing and changes in CIELAB and tooth Whiteness Index (WIO) values calculated...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829933/effect-of-a-new-bleaching-gel-on-tooth-whitening
#3
T N Barry, C W Bailey, D Ashcraft-Olmscheid, K S Vandewalle
The purpose of this study was to compare the whitening efficacy of a novel bleaching agent containing a unique tribarrel hydremide-peroxide gel (KöR) with a traditional bleaching system of hydrogen peroxide or carbamide peroxide (Opalescence). Bovine incisors were mounted into a custom resin, arch-shaped mounting device. Four groups of 10 teeth were created using mounting devices containing five teeth each. The in-office and home bleaching gels of KöR and Opalescence were applied to the teeth alone and in trays to simulate a combination of in-office and home bleaching or home bleaching only...
September 2017: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826984/in-vitro-evaluation-of-a-silica-whitening-toothpaste-containing-blue-covarine-on-the-colour-of-teeth-containing-anterior-restoration-materials
#4
Carole J Philpotts, Eufemia Cariddi, Paul S Spradbery, Andrew Joiner
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of a silica-based whitening toothpaste containing blue covarine on the colour of restorations in extracted human teeth. METHODS: Human extracted teeth were mounted in acrylic resin. A cavity was cut into the enamel surface and the specimen restored with either glass ionomer or composite dental materials. Following 4 weeks storage in water, specimens were treated with either water, red wine or a toothpaste containing blue covarine (n=10) for 24h followed by brushing with a silica-based toothpaste...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734081/whitening-dependent-changes-of-fluorescence-of-extracted-human-teeth
#5
Natalie Pereira Sanchez, Aleksandar Aleksic, Miroslav Dramicanin, Rade D Paravina
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate in vitro the fluorescence properties of extracted human teeth whitened with 40% hydrogen peroxide. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 28 extracted human teeth were pumiced for 1 minute using a low-speed dental handpiece and a disposable rubber cup. Pre-whitening fluorescence measurements (T0), maximum excitation (Exmax ), maximum emission (Emmax ), and maximum intensity (Imax 10(8) ), were performed using a spectrofluorometer. After T0 measurements, the teeth were whitened using the in-office method with 40% hydrogen peroxide, three times for 20 minutes...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713111/effect-of-hydrogen-and-carbamide-peroxide-in-bleaching-enamel-morphology-and-mineral-composition-in-vitro-study
#6
Carmen Llena, Irene Esteve, Leopoldo Forner
AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the bleaching effect, morphological changes, and variations in calcium (Ca) and phosphate (P) in the enamel with hydrogen peroxide (HP) and carbamide peroxide (CP) after the use of different application regimens. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four groups of five teeth were randomly assigned, according to the treatment protocol: HP 37.5% applied for 30 or 60 minutes (HP30, HP60), CP 16% applied for 14 or 28 hours (CP14, CP28). Changes in dental color were evaluated, according to the following formula: ΔE = [(La-Lb)(2)+(aa-ab)(2) + (ba-bb)(2)](1/2)...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706755/effects-of-a-novel-whitening-formulation-on-dental-enamel
#7
Thair Takesh, Anik Sargsyan, Afarin Anbarani, Jessica Ho, Petra Wilder-Smith
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to evaluate the enamel whitening effects of 2 new test formulations, one of which was a rinse, and the other a whitening strip. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty enamel chips were prepared from 20 healthy extracted teeth (2 from each tooth). After pre-staining and colorimetry to measure L* and b* values, 20 matched samples were immersed in either test or control rinses, and then colorimetry was performed again after 1 hr, 2 hr, 3 hr, 6 hr, 12 hr, 24 hr and 48 hrs (Each hour equates to one month of clinical use at the recommended dosage of 1 minute exposure 2 times a day)...
April 2017: Dentistry: Current Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682702/masking-of-enamel-fluorosis-discolorations-and-tooth-misalignment-with-a-combination-of-at-home-whitening-resin-infiltration-and-direct-composite-restorations
#8
J Perdigão, V Q Lam, B G Burseth, C Real
This clinical report illustrates a conservative technique to mask enamel discolorations in maxillary anterior teeth caused by hypomineralization associated with enamel fluorosis and subsequent direct resin composite to improve the anterior esthetics. The treatment consisted of at-home whitening with 10% carbamide peroxide gel with potassium nitrate and sodium fluoride in a custom-fitted tray to mask the brown-stained areas, followed by resin infiltration to mask the white spot areas. An existing resin composite restoration in the maxillary right central incisor was subsequently replaced after completion of the whitening and resin infiltration procedures, whereas the two misaligned and rotated maxillary lateral incisors were built up with direct resin composite restorations to provide the illusion of adequate arch alignment, as the patient was unable to use orthodontic therapy...
July 2017: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657699/randomized-controlled-trial-to-explore-the-effect-of-experimental-low-abrasivity-dentifrices-on-enamel-gloss-and-smoothness-and-the-build-up-of-extrinsic-tooth-stain
#9
Kimberly R Milleman, Jeffery L Milleman, Sarah Young, Charles Parkinson
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate and compare examiner-assessed changes in enamel gloss, extrinsic dental stain, and surface smoothness following one, two, four, and eight weeks of twice-daily use of an experimental low abrasivity desensitizing dentifrice (relative dentin abrasivity [RDA] ~40) containing 5% sodium tripolyphosphate (STP) chemical cleaning agent and 1% aluminum trioxide abrasive. This was compared with an ultra-low abrasivity dentifrice (5% STP only; RDA ~13), a moderate abrasivity fluoride dentifrice (RDA ~80), and a higher abrasivity marketed whitening dentifrice (RDA ~142)...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621833/multiple-external-cervical-root-resorptions-after-home-bleaching-treatment-with-22-carbamide-peroxide
#10
Glauco Rodrigues Velloso, Marcos Motta de Freitas, Adriana Terezinha Neves Novellino Alves, Alan Roger Santos Silva, Eliane Dos Santos Porto Barboza, Vittorio Moraschini
Invasive multiple cervical root resorptions after vital tooth bleaching is a rare condition. The aim of this article is to present a case of multiple external cervical root resorptions (ECRR) after a misguided home whitening treatment. A 34-year-old male patient presented with slight sensitivity and mobility in several teeth. Despite the manufacturer's recommendations, the patient used a 22% carbamide peroxide-based tooth bleaching gel at home for 4 consecutive days, at night, on the upper and lower arches...
June 16, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496230/invasive-cervical-resorption-and-the-oro-facial-cleft-patient-a-review-and-case-series
#11
A O'Mahony, C McNamara, A Ireland, J Sandy, J Puryer
Introduction Invasive cervical resorption (ICR) has an unknown aetiology, yet it exhibits very aggressive behaviour compared with typical external root resorption, posing a high risk of tooth loss.Aim To investigate the number of patients at the Dublin Cleft Prosthodontic Department with an oro-facial cleft who experienced ICR and to identify any possible aetiological factors.Materials and method A retrospective investigation of all oro-facial cleft patients treated at the Dublin Cleft Prosthodontic Department, St James's Hospital, Dublin...
May 12, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391665/a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-to-evaluate-extrinsic-stain-removal-of-a-whitening-dentifrice
#12
Géza Terézhalmy, Tao He, Mary Kay Anastasia, Rachelle Eusebio
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the extrinsic stain removal efficacy of a new whitening dentifrice containing sodium hexametaphosphate (SHMP) over a two-week period. METHODS: This study used a controlled and randomized, examiner-blind, single-center, two-treatment, parallel group design. Subjects with visible extrinsic dental stain on facial surfaces of their anterior teeth, and meeting all study criteria, were entered into the trial. The test group received the whitening dentifrice with sodium fluoride and SHMP and an ADA reference soft manual toothbrush...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387186/efficacy-of-10-percent-carbamide-peroxide-as-an-intracoronal-bleaching-agent-in-nonvital-discolored-primary-teeth-an-in-vitro-study
#13
Miram Abd El Magied Shaheen, Mona Abdallah Elkateb, Niveen Samir Bakry, Omar Abd El Sadek El Meligy
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate, in vitro, the efficacy of 10 percent carbamide peroxide used as an intracoronal bleaching agent in blood-stained primary teeth. METHODS: Thirty extracted primary canines were stained using rabbit blood and randomly divided into two groups of 15 teeth each. Stained teeth in the test group were bleached intracoronally using 10 percent carbamide peroxide for 21 days. The bleaching agent was replaced at days seven and 14...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355362/controlled-clinical-trial-addressing-teeth-whitening-with-hydrogen-peroxide-in-adolescents-a-12-month-follow-up
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Marcelo Mendes Pinto, Marcela Leticia Leal Gonçalves, Ana Carolina Costa da Mota, Alessandro Melo Deana, Silvia Regina Olivan, Carolina Bortoletto, Camila Haddad Leal de Godoy, Katia Lumi Tanikawa Vergilio, Olga Maria Altavista, Lara J Motta, Sandra Kalil Bussadori
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the colorimetric change in incisors and canines of adolescents aged 12 to 20 years submitted to at-home whitening and to evaluate satisfaction, sensitivity and discomfort during the procedures through a questionnaire. METHOD: Thirty adolescents were randomly assigned to the following groups: 1) 6.0% hydrogen peroxide (White Class with calcium - FGM); 2) 7.5% hydrogen peroxide (White Class with calcium - FGM); 3) 10% hydrogen peroxide (Oral B 3D White - Oral-B); 4) Control group - placebo...
March 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303471/effect-of-acidity-of-in-office-bleaching-gels-on-tooth-sensitivity-and-whitening-a-two-center-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
A D Loguercio, F Servat, R Stanislawczuk, A Mena-Serrano, M Rezende, M V Prieto, V Cereño, M F Rojas, K Ortega, E Fernandez, A Reis
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to compare the tooth sensitivity (TS) and bleaching efficacy of two hydrogen peroxide gels with different pHs (acid pH [Pola Office, SDI] and the neutral pH [Pola Office+, SDI]) used for in-office bleaching. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-four patients from Brazil and Chile, with right superior incisor darker than A2, were selected for this double-blind, split-mouth randomized trial. Teeth were bleached in two sessions, with 1-week interval...
March 17, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298972/effectiveness-of-sodium-bicarbonate-combined-with-hydrogen-peroxide-and-cpp-acpf-in-whitening-and-microhardness-of-enamel
#16
Farzaneh Ahrari, Nadia Hasanzadeh, Omid Rajabi, Zakiyeh Forouzannejad
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the effects of sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) combined with 1.5% hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and casein phosphopeptide amorphous calcium phosphate fluoride (CPP-ACPF) on color and microhardness of enamel. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seventy-five bovine incisors were immersed in a tea solution for 7.5 days. The specimens were randomly divided into five groups according to the whitening agent applied: 1) 94% NaHCO3, 2) a blend of 94% NaHCO3 and CPP-ACPF, 3) a blend of 94% NaHCO3 and 1...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275277/attitudes-of-students-of-differenet-schools-of-university-of-zagreb-on-tooth-bleaching
#17
Dinka Diklić, Eva Klarić Sever, Nada Galić, Jelena Spajić, Katica Prskalo
OBJECTIVE: To compare the awareness that students from four different faculties within the University of Zagreb have of oral health and tooth bleaching procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 158 subjects (both male and female) - 38 students from the School of Dental Medicine and 40 students from each of the following faculties: the School of Medicine, the Faculty of Economics and the Faculty of Civil Engineering. The respondents were asked to fill out the survey with multiple choices by marking the answers they considered correct...
December 2016: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157418/whitening-efficacy-of-whitening-mouth-rinses-used-alone-or-in-conjunction-with-carbamide-peroxide-home-whitening
#18
Jbs Oliveira, R S Sarlo, E Bresciani, Tmf Caneppele
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of whitening mouth rinses on teeth previously whitened or not, exposed to food dyes. METHODS AND MATERIALS: One hundred twenty enamel-dentin specimens, 3 mm in diameter, were obtained from bovine incisors. The specimens were stained for 14 days in staining broth. After staining, the initial color reading was performed via a spectrophotometer CM-2600d (Konica Minolta). Half of specimens were submitted to whitening (10% carbamide peroxide [CP]) for 14 days...
May 2017: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149472/effect-of-tooth-bleaching-on-the-carbonate-concentration-in-dental-enamel-by-raman-spectroscopy
#19
Tatiana Vargas-Koudriavtsev, Óscar-Andrey Herrera-Sancho
BACKGROUND: There are not many studies evaluating the effects of surface treatments at the molecular level. The aim of this in vitro study was to analyze the concentration of carbonate molecules in dental enamel by Raman spectroscopy after the application of in-office and home whitening agents. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty human teeth were randomly divided into six groups and exposed to three different home bleaching gels (Day White) and three in-office whitening agents (Zoom! Whitespeed and PolaOffice) according to the manufacturer´s instructions...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149462/effect-of-bleaching-agents-on-enamel-surface-of-bovine-teeth-a-sem-study
#20
Ana-Cristina Pimenta-Dutra, Rodrigo-de Castro Albuquerque, Luís-Fernando-Dos Santos-Alves Morgan, Geraldo-Magela Pereira, Eduardo Nunes, Martinho-Campolina-Rebello Horta, Frank-Ferreira Silveira
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate changes in the enamel surface of bovine teeth after whitening with exogenous bleaching agents: 10% carbamide peroxide (group 1), 16% carbamide peroxide (group 2) and 35% hydrogen peroxide activated by a light-emitting diode (LED) (group 3). The evaluations were performed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ninety bovine teeth were divided into five groups (n = 18). The bleaching agents 10% and 16% carbamide peroxide were applied for eight hours a day for 14 consecutive days...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
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