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D-galactosamine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822324/preventive-effects-of-interleukin-6-in-lipopolysaccharide-d-galactosamine-induced-acute-liver-injury-via-regulating-inflammatory-response-in-hepatic-macrophages
#1
Long Li, Chaoli Duan, Yan Zhao, Xiaofang Zhang, Hongyan Yin, Tianxi Wang, Caoxin Huang, Suhuan Liu, Shuyu Yang, Xuejun Li
Lipopolysaccharide/d-Galactosamine (LPS/d-Gal)-induced acute liver injury is characterized by significant inflammatory responses including TNF-α and interleukin-6 (IL-6) and is a widely applied experimental model for inflammation research. TNF-α is critical in the progression of LPS/d-Gal-induced liver injury. However, the role of IL-6 in this model is still unknown. In the present study, we aim to elucidate the involvement of IL-6 in the pathogenesis of acute liver injury induced by LPS/d-Gal in mice and its underlying mechanism...
August 16, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821814/bifidobacterium-pseudocatenulatum-li09-and-bifidobacterium-catenulatum-li10-attenuate-d-galactosamine-induced-liver-injury-by-modifying-the-gut-microbiota
#2
Daiqiong Fang, Ding Shi, Longxian Lv, Silan Gu, Wenrui Wu, Yanfei Chen, Jing Guo, Ang Li, Xinjun Hu, Feifei Guo, Jianzhong Ye, Yating Li, Lanjian Li
The gut microbiota is altered in liver diseases, and several probiotics have been shown to reduce the degree of liver damage. We hypothesized that oral administration of specific Bifidobacterium strains isolated from healthy guts could attenuate liver injury. Five strains were tested in this study. Acute liver injury was induced by D-galactosamine after pretreating Sprague-Dawley rats with the Bifidobacterium strains, and liver function, liver and ileum histology, plasma cytokines, bacterial translocation and the gut microbiome were assessed...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774839/ph-labile-pegylation-of-sirna-loaded-lipid-nanoparticle-improves-active-targeting-and-gene-silencing-activity-in-hepatocytes
#3
Kazuki Hashiba, Yusuke Sato, Hideyoshi Harashima
Lipid nanoparticles (LNPs) are one of the promising technologies for the in vivo delivery of short interfering RNA (siRNA). Modifying LNPs with polyethyleneglycol (PEG) is widely used to inhibit non-specific interactions with serum components in the blood stream, and is a useful strategy for maximizing the efficiency of active targeting. However, it is a widely accepted fact that PEGylation of the LNP surface strongly inhibits fusion between LNPs and endosomal membranes, resulting in poor cytosolic siRNA delivery, a process that is referred to as the 'PEG-dilemma'...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758404/lycopene-prevents-mitochondrial-dysfunction-during-d-galactosamine-lipopolysaccharide-induced-fulminant-hepatic-failure-in-albino-rats
#4
Sheik Abdulazeez Sheriff, Shaikhussain Shaik Ibrahim, Thiruvengadam Devaki, Sandipan Chakraborty, Subhash Agarwal, Horacio Pérez-Sánchez
Functional perturbation of mitochondria is associated with fulminant hepatic failure (FHF). d-Galactosamine/lipopolysaccharide (d-GalN/LPS)-induced FHF is a renowned model to evaluate the efficacy of hepatoprotective agents. Lycopene is an antioxidant and phytonutrient from the carotenoid family. The health benefits of lycopene are prominent against cancer and cardiovascular, lung, liver, and skin problems. Recent studies have demonstrated the hepatoprotective, antidyslipidemic, and antioxidant roles of lycopene...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752362/necrostatin-1-protects-against-d-galactosamine-and-lipopolysaccharide-induced-hepatic-injury-by-preventing-tlr4-and-rage-signaling
#5
Seok-Joo Kim, Sun-Mee Lee
Fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) is a life-threatening clinical syndrome results in massive inflammation and hepatocyte death. Necroptosis is a regulated form of necrotic cell death that is emerging as a crucial control point for inflammatory diseases. The kinases receptor interacting protein (RIP) 1 and RIP3 are known as key modulators of necroptosis. In this study, we investigated the impact of necroptosis in the pathogenesis of FHF and molecular mechanisms, particularly its linkage to damage-associated molecular pattern (DAMP)-mediated pattern recognition receptor (PRR) signaling pathways...
July 27, 2017: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750000/comparison-of-hemolytic-activity-of-the-intermediate-subunit-of-entamoeba-histolytica-and-entamoeba-dispar-lectins
#6
Kentaro Kato, Takashi Makiuchi, Xunjia Cheng, Hiroshi Tachibana
Galactose and N-acetyl-D-galactosamine-inhibitable lectin of Entamoeba histolytica has roles in pathogenicity and induction of protective immunity in rodent models of amoebiasis. Recently, the intermediate subunit of the lectin, Igl1, of E. histolytica has been shown to have hemolytic activity. However, the corresponding lectin is also expressed in a non-virulent species, Entamoeba dispar, and another subunit, Igl2, is expressed in the protozoa. Therefore, in this study, we compared the activities of Igl1 and Igl2 subunits from E...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736552/asiatic-acid-exhibits-anti-inflammatory-and-antioxidant-activities-against-lipopolysaccharide-and-d-galactosamine-induced-fulminant-hepatic-failure
#7
Hongming Lv, Zhimin Qi, Sisi Wang, Haihua Feng, Xuming Deng, Xinxin Ci
Inflammation and oxidative stress are essential for the pathogenesis of fulminant hepatic failure (FHF). Asiatic acid (AA), which is a pentacyclic triterpene that widely occurs in various vegetables and fruits, has been reported to possess antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. In this study, we investigated the protective effects of AA against lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and d-galactosamine (GalN)-induced FHF and the underlying molecular mechanisms. Our findings suggested that AA treatment effectively protected against LPS/d-GalN-induced FHF by lessening the lethality; decreasing the alanine transaminase and aspartate aminotransferase levels, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α production, malondialdehyde formation, myeloperoxidase level and reactive oxygen species generation (i...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729835/uplc-esi-ms-ms-and-hptlc-method-for-quantitative-estimation-of-cytotoxic-glycosides-and-aglycone-in-bioactivity-guided-fractions-of-solanum-nigrum-l
#8
Karishma Chester, Sarvesh Paliwal, Washim Khan, Sayeed Ahmad
Solanum nigrum L., is traditionally used for the management of the various liver disorders. Investigating the effect of polarity based fractionation of S. nigrum for its hepatoprotective effect on Hep G2 cells in vitro to provide base of its activity by quantifying in steroidal glycosides responsible for hepatoprotective potential. A new UPLC-ESI-MS/MS method following a high performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC) has been developed and validated for quantification of steroidal glycosides and aglycone (solasonine, solamargine, and solasodine, respectively)...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709622/genipin-protects-d-galactosamine-and-lipopolysaccharide-induced-hepatic-injury-through-suppression-of-the-necroptosis-mediated-inflammasome-signaling
#9
Min-Jong Seo, Jeong-Min Hong, Seok-Joo Kim, Sun-Mee Lee
Acute liver failure (ALF) is a life-threatening syndrome resulting from massive inflammation and hepatocyte death. Necroptosis, a programmed cell death controlled by receptor-interacting protein kinase (RIP) 1 and RIP3, has been shown to play an important role in regulating inflammation via crosstalk between other intracellular signaling. The inflammasome is a major intracellular multiprotein that induces inflammatory responses by mediating immune cell infiltration, thus potentiating injury. Genipin, a major active compound of the gardenia fruit, exhibits anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anti-apoptotic properties...
July 11, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704709/protective-role-of-surface-toll-like-receptor-9-expressing-neutrophils-in-local-inflammation-during-systemic-inflammatory-response-syndrome-in-mice
#10
Xiuping Meng, Wei Sun, Yunjia Ren, Yue Xiao, Peiyan Zhao, Wenting Lu, Li Hua, Luowei Wang, Liying Wang, Yongli Yu
Clinically, systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) occurs after serious trauma or sepsis. In sepsis, neutrophils are the major effector cells responsible for eliminating pathogens. However, the role of neutrophils in development of SIRS, especially in local inflammatory area, is controversial. In this study, we established a SIRS mouse model characterized with cytokine-mediated lethal shock by intraperitoneal injection of oligodexynucleotides containing CpG motifs (CpG ODN) in D-galactosamine (D-GalN) sensitized mice based on our previous work and found that abundant neutrophils were rapidly recruited into the peritoneal cavity, where some neutrophils expressed surface TLR9 (sTLR9), defined as sTLR9(+) neutrophils...
July 10, 2017: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675829/polyprenylated-acylphloroglucinols-from-hypericum-scabrum
#11
Rangdong Liu, Yalun Su, Jianbo Yang, Aiguo Wang
Fourteen phloroglucinols, named hyperciumoxide A-N, and a known compound were isolated from air-dried aerial parts of Hypericum scabrum. The structures of these compounds were deduced on the basis of extensive 1D- and 2D-NMR experiments. Hepatoprotective properties against D-galactosamine-induced HL-7702 cell damage of isolated compounds were evaluated. Meanwhile, these compounds were also tested for antidepressant activity by inhibiting reuptake of tritiated serotonin ([(3)H]-5-HT) and Noradrenalinet ([(3)H]-NE) in rat brain synaptosomes...
July 1, 2017: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659918/guanabenz-prevents-d-galactosamine-lipopolysaccharide-induced-liver-damage-and-mortality
#12
Jessica Perego, Clarisse Bourbon, Lionel Chasson, Caroline Laprie, Lionel Spinelli, Voahirana Camosseto, Evelina Gatti, Philippe Pierre
Multi-organ failure in response to uncontrolled microbial infection is characterized by low blood pressure accompanied by a systemic over-inflammation state, caused by massive pro-inflammatory cytokines release and liver damage. Recently, the integrated stress response (ISR), characterized by eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2α (eIF2α) phosphorylation, was involved with controlling apoptosis in stressed hepatocytes and associated with poor survival to endotoxin challenge. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) alone is able to induce the ISR in hepatocytes and can trigger massive liver damage along with tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) expression...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659912/c-terminal-domain-of-hemocyanin-a-major-antimicrobial-protein-from-litopenaeus-vannamei-structural-homology-with-immunoglobulins-and-molecular-diversity
#13
Yue-Ling Zhang, Bo Peng, Hui Li, Fang Yan, Hong-Kai Wu, Xian-Liang Zhao, Xiang-Min Lin, Shao-Ying Min, Yuan-Yuan Gao, San-Ying Wang, Yuan-You Li, Xuan-Xian Peng
Invertebrates rely heavily on immune-like molecules with highly diversified variability so as to counteract infections. However, the mechanisms and the relationship between this variability and functionalities are not well understood. Here, we showed that the C-terminal domain of hemocyanin (HMC) from shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei contained an evolutionary conserved domain with highly variable genetic sequence, which is structurally homologous to immunoglobulin (Ig). This domain is responsible for recognizing and binding to bacteria or red blood cells, initiating agglutination and hemolysis...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638224/inhibitory-effect-of-oxymatrine-on-hepatocyte-apoptosis-via-tlr4-pi3k-akt-gsk-3%C3%AE-signaling-pathway
#14
Xian Zhang, Wei Jiang, Ai-Ling Zhou, Min Zhao, Dao-Rong Jiang
AIM: To evaluate the effect of oxymatrine (OMT) on hepatocyte apoptosis in rats with lipopolysaccharide (LPS)/D-galactosamine (D-GalN)-induced acute liver failure (ALF). METHODS: LPS/D-GalN was used to establish a model of ALF in rats. To evaluate the effect of OMT, we assessed apoptosis by transmission electron microscopy, and the pathological changes in the liver by light microscopy with hematoxylin and eosin staining. An automated biochemical analyzer was used to measure serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST)...
June 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634301/microbial-glycoside-hydrolases-as-antibiofilm-agents-with-cross-kingdom-activity
#15
Brendan D Snarr, Perrin Baker, Natalie C Bamford, Yukiko Sato, Hong Liu, Mélanie Lehoux, Fabrice N Gravelat, Hanna Ostapska, Shane R Baistrocchi, Robert P Cerone, Elan E Filler, Matthew R Parsek, Scott G Filler, P Lynne Howell, Donald C Sheppard
Galactosaminogalactan and Pel are cationic heteropolysaccharides produced by the opportunistic pathogens Aspergillus fumigatus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, respectively. These exopolysaccharides both contain 1,4-linked N-acetyl-d-galactosamine and play an important role in biofilm formation by these organisms. Proteins containing glycoside hydrolase domains have recently been identified within the biosynthetic pathway of each exopolysaccharide. Recombinant hydrolase domains from these proteins (Sph3h from A...
July 3, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633873/elental%C3%A2-amino-acid-component-has-protective-effects-on-primary-cultured-hepatocytes-and-a-rat-model-of-acute-liver-injury
#16
Hirokazu Miki, Katsuji Tokuhara, Masaharu Oishi, Yoshito Tanaka, Richi Nakatake, Yosuke Ueyama, Masaki Kaibori, Mikio Nishizawa, Tadayoshi Okumura, Masanori Kon
Amino acids can exert protective effects on the liver either when administered as a medication or following an operation. In this study, we examined the protective effects of amino acids on the liver using in vitro and in vivo models by studying their influence on the induction of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and nitric oxide production as a liver injury marker in cultured hepatocytes and liver-protective effects in d-galactosamine and lipopolysaccharide (GalN/LPS)-treated rats, respectively. Primary cultured rat hepatocytes were treated with interleukin (IL)-1β in the presence or absence of Elental® amino acid component (EleAA; 17 amino acids)...
June 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630008/contribution-of-the-carbohydrate-binding-ability-of-vatairea-guianensis-lectin-to-induce-edematogenic-activity
#17
Gabriela F O Marques, Vinicius J S Osterne, Livia M Almeida, Messias V Oliveira, Luiz A C Brizeno, Vanir R Pinto-Junior, Mayara Q Santiago, Antonio H B Neco, Mario R L Mota, Luiz A G Souza, Kyria S Nascimento, Alana F Pires, Benildo S Cavada, Ana M S Assreuy
Vatairea guianensis lectin (VGL), Dalbergiae tribe, is a N-acetyl-galactosamine (GalNAc)/Galactose (Gal) lectin previously purified and characterized. In this work, we report its structural features, obtained from bioinformatics tools, and its inflammatory effect, obtained from a rat paw edema model. The VGL model was obtained by homology with the lectin of Vatairea macrocarpa (VML) as template, and we used it to demonstrate the common characteristics of legume lectins, such as the jellyroll motif and presence of a metal-binding site in the vicinity of the carbohydrate-recognition domain (CRD)...
September 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628850/indoline-derivatives-mitigate-liver-damage-in-a-mouse-model-of-acute-liver-injury
#18
Efrat Finkin-Groner, Shlomi Finkin, Shani Zeeli, Marta Weinstock
BACKGROUND: Exposure of mice to D-galactosamine (GalN) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induces acute liver failure through elevation of TNF-α, which causes liver damage resembling that in humans. The current study evaluated in this model the effect of two indoline derivatives, which have anti-inflammatory activity in macrophages. METHODS: AN1297 and AN1284 (0.025-0.75mg/kg) or dexamethasone (3mg/kg), were injected subcutaneously, 15min before intraperitoneal injection of GalN (800mg) plus LPS (50μg) in male Balb/C mice...
April 12, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606257/-microflora-changes-in-upper-digestive-tract-and-bile-in-acute-liver-failure-mice
#19
H J Liu, L Yu, Y X Hu, M L Cheng
Objective: To study the changes of upper digestive tract and bile flora associated with acute liver failure in mice. Methods: Mice were randomly divided into 2 groups: control group and acute liver failure group (group M). Acute liver failure in group M was induced by intraperitoneal injection of D-galactosamine (D-GaIN). The information of relative abundance and diversity were observed by high-throughput sequencing of V3 + V4 region in 16 S rDNA from bacteria of oral cavity, stomach, duodenal and bile.Bacterial translocation and changes associated with acute liver injury were identified by LEfSe (LDA effect size) analysis...
June 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600667/peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-alpha-mediates-c-ebp-homologous-protein-to-protect-mice-from-acute-liver-failure
#20
Xiangying Zhang, Peiling Dong, Hongbo Shi, Huaying Sun, Jianhui Lin, Dexi Chen, Zhongping Duan, Xiuhui Li, Feng Ren
OBJECTIVE: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα) activation has been reported to ameliorate liver injury in cases of acute liver failure (ALF). However, its intrinsic protective molecular mechanisms remain largely undetermined. C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP) is an important mediator of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation. The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that PPARα activation alleviates liver inflammation to protect mice from acute liver failure (ALF) mediated by CHOP...
September 2017: Inflammation Research: Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et Al.]
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