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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218090/mir-24-regulates-hepatocyte-apoptosis-via-bim-during-acute-liver-failure
#1
Zhiwen Feng, Zhi Li, Deming Zhu, Wei Ling, Lei Zheng, Liyong Pu, Lianbao Kong
Acuteliver failure (ALF) has a high mortality rate and is characterized by massive hepatocyte destruction. Although microRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in manyliver diseases, the role of miRNAs in ALF development is unknown. In this study, the murine ALF model was induced by intraperitoneal injection of D-galactosamine/lipopolysaccharide (D-GalN/LPS). Compared with saline-treated mice, miR-24 was distinctly down-regulated post D-GalN/LPS challenge in vivo and D-galactosamine/tumor necrosis factor (D-GalN/TNF) challenge in vitro, which was confirmed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208901/alternative-substrate-bound-conformation-of-bacterial-solute-binding-protein-involved-in-the-import-of-mammalian-host-glycosaminoglycans
#2
Sayoko Oiki, Reiko Kamochi, Bunzo Mikami, Kousaku Murata, Wataru Hashimoto
Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), constituted by repeating uronate and amino sugar units, are major components of mammalian extracellular matrices. Some indigenous and pathogenic bacteria target GAGs for colonization to and/or infection of host mammalian cells. In Gram-negative pathogenic Streptobacillus moniliformis, the solute-binding protein (Smon0123)-dependent ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter incorporates unsaturated GAG disaccharides into the cytoplasm after depolymerization by polysaccharide lyase. Smon0123, composed of N and C domains, adopts either a substrate-free open or a substrate-bound closed form by approaching two domains at 47° in comparison with the open form...
December 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207664/shikonin-protects-against-d-galactosamine-and-lipopolysaccharide-induced-acute-hepatic-injury-by-inhibiting-tlr4-signaling-pathway
#3
Meng-Xiang Lin, Yong-Xiang Yi, Pei-Pei Fang, Shan-Shan Huang, Chen-Wei Pan, Ling-Xiang Jin, Tong Zhang, Guang-Yao Zhou
Shikonin, a naphthoquinone isolated from the root of medical herb Lithospermum erythrorhizon, has been reported to have anti-inflammatory effect. However, there is no related research for the treatment of shikonin on hepaic injury. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of shikonin on D-Galactosamine and Lipopolysaccharide-induced hepatic injury in mice. Male BALB/c mice were pretreated with shikonin 1 h before LPS/D-GalN treatment. The pathological changes of hepatic injury were detected by H&E staining...
October 31, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204057/novel-d-galactosamine-induced-cynomolgus-monkey-model-of-acute-liver-failure
#4
Lei Feng, Lei Cai, Guo-Lin He, Jun Weng, Yang Li, Ming-Xin Pan, Ze-Sheng Jiang, Qing Peng, Yi Gao
AIM: To establish a simplified, reproducible D-galactosamine-induced cynomolgus monkey model of acute liver failure having an appropriate treatment window. METHODS: Sixteen cynomolgus monkeys were randomly divided into four groups (A, B, C and D) after intracranial pressure (ICP) sensor implantation. D-galactosamine at 0.3, 0.25, 0.20 + 0.05 (24 h interval), and 0.20 g/kg body weight, respectively, was injected via the small saphenous vein. Vital signs, ICP, biochemical indices, and inflammatory factors were recorded at 0, 12, 24, 36, 48, 72, 96, and 120 h after D-galactosamine administration...
November 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193962/cell-penetrating-polymers-containing-guanidinium-trigger-apoptosis-in-human-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells-unless-conjugated-to-a-targeting-n-acetyl-galactosamine-block
#5
Zhe Tan, Yogesh K Dhande, Theresa M Reineke
A series of 3-guanidinopropyl methacrylamide (GPMA)-based polymeric gene delivery vehicles were developed via aqueous reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization. The polymers have been evaluated for their cellular internalization ability, transfection efficiency, and cytotoxicity. Two homopolymers: P(GPMA20), P(GPMA34), were synthesized to study the effect of guanidium polymer length on delivery efficiency and toxicity. In addition, an N-acetyl-d-galactosamine (GalNAc)-based hydrophilic block was incorporated to produce diblock polymers, which provides a neutral hydrophilic block that sterically protects plasmid-polymer complexes (polyplexes) from colloidal aggregation and aids polyplex targeting to hepatocytes via binding to asialoglycoprotein receptors (ASGPRs)...
December 1, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191769/berberine-protects-acute-liver-failure-in-mice-through-inhibiting-inflammation-and-mitochondria-dependent-apoptosis
#6
Lulu Xu, Xia Zheng, Yinhang Wang, Qilin Fan, Miao Zhang, Ruiyan Li, Junmei Ye, Xiaojun Wu, Wenfeng Zhao, Yubin Zhang
Acute liver failure (ALF) is characterized by sudden large area of inflammation and extensive hepatocyte apoptosis. This study identified the natural product berberine as a potential agent for acute liver failure(ALF). First, in vitro, BBR pre-incubation (5, 10 and 20μM) alleviated L02 hepatocytes injury induced by D-GalN (5mM)/TNF-α (100 ng/ml). Second, in vivo, BBR pre-treatment attenuated D-Galactosamine (D-GalN)/lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute liver failure, as evidenced by the reduction of mortality, the alleviation of liver pathological changes and the inhibition of alanine aminotransferase (ALT)/aspartate aminotransferase (AST)...
November 27, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186050/hplc-pda-ms-ms-characterization-of-bioactive-secondary-metabolites-from-turraea-fischeri-bark-extract-and-its-antioxidant-and-hepatoprotective-activities-in-vivo
#7
Mansour Sobeh, Mona F Mahmoud, Omar M Sabry, Rasha Adel, Malak Dmirieh, Assem M El-Shazly, Michael Wink
Turraea fischeri is an East African traditional herb, which is widely used in traditional medicine. In this study, we profiled the secondary metabolites in the methanol extract of T. fischeri bark using HPLC-PDA-ESI-MS/MS, and 20 compounds were tentatively identified. Several isomers of the flavonolignan cinchonain-I and bis-dihydroxyphenylpropanoid-substituted catechin hexosides dominated the extract. Robust in vitro and in vivo antioxidant properties were observed in 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging assay (DPPH) and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assay, and in the model organism Caenorhabditis elegans...
November 29, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181417/toll-like-receptor-ligand-induced-liver-injury-in-d-galactosamine-sensitized-mice-differences-between-tlr7-8-and-tlr9-ligands-cytokine-patterns-and-cross-tolerance-induction-by-tlr2-ligand-pretreatment
#8
Reiko Seki
Administration of Toll-like receptor ligands (TLRLs) is known to cause liver injury in D-galN-sensitized mice. In the present study, we aimed to complement preceding reports on the TLRL/D-galN system by analyzing comparisons among TLRLs, mouse strain dependence, effects on serum levels of cytokines, and effects of sequential administrations of different TLRLs. In a preliminary set of analyses, we first confirmed that liver failure can be induced by diverse TLRLs, including LTA and R848 in combination with D-galN...
2017: Journal of Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180209/costunolide-protects-lipopolysaccharide-d-galactosamine-induced-acute-liver-injury-in-mice-by-inhibiting-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway
#9
Yanan Wang, Xu Zhang, Lilei Zhao, Mingyu Shi, Zhengkai Wei, Zhengtao Yang, Changming Guo, Yunhe Fu
BACKGROUND: Costunolide, a well-known sesquiterpene lactone, has been reported to have anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative effects. METHODS: In this study, we aim to investigate the protective effects and mechanism of costunolide on lipopolysaccharide/d-galactosamine (LPS/D-Gal)-induced acute liver injury. Acute liver injury animal model was induced by intraperitoneal injection with D-Gal and LPS. Costunolide (10, 20, and 30 mg/kg) was injected intraperitoneally 1 h before or after LPS/D-Gal treatment...
December 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174356/separation-purification-structures-and-anticoagulant-activities-of-fucosylated-chondroitin-sulfates-from-holothuria-scabra
#10
Liu Yang, Yuanhong Wang, Shuang Yang, Zhihua Lv
In this study, a new fucosylated chondroitin sulfate (HsG) with an average molecular weight of 69.1kDa was isolated from sea cucumber Holothuria scabra. We investigated the structure of the HsG by adopting monosaccharide composition analysis, disaccharide composition analysis, IR,1H and13C NMR spectra and methylation analysis. According to methylation results of desulfated/carboxyl-reduced polysaccharides and the analysis of unsaturated disaccharides generated through the enzymolysis of the defucosed polysaccharides, it is shown that each branch is formed by one fucopyranosyl residue, wherein 55...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165900/development-of-a-pre-column-derivatization-hplc-method-with-diode-array-detection-for-the-determination-of-amino-sugars-in-peat-and-soil-humic-acids
#11
Erik Beňo, Róbert Góra, Milan Hutta
The work is focused on the development of a high-performance liquid chromatography method with diode-array detection for the separation and quantitation of the three most abundant amino sugars; d-glucosamine, d-galactosamine, and d-mannosamine. The high-performance liquid chromatography separation was carried out by reversed-phase chromatography on Chromolith Performance RP-18e monolithic column after acid hydrolysis (5 M HCl) and pre-column derivatization of samples using diethyl ethoxymethylenemalonate. Gradient elution and a mobile phase composed of ammonium formate buffer solution (10 mmol L(-1) , pH 3...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156683/shycd-induces-ape1-ref-1-subcellular-localization-to-regulate-the-p53-apoptosis-signaling-pathway-in-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-acute-on-chronic-liver-failure
#12
Jianxin Diao, Haiye Li, Wei Huang, Wenxiao Ma, Huan Dai, Yawei Liu, Ming Wang, He Yu Hua, Jinying Ou, Xiaomin Sun, Xuegang Sun, Yungao Yang
Background & Aims: San huang yin chi decoction(SHYCD) is derived from the yin chen hao decoction, a well-known and canonical Chinese medicine formula from the "Treatise on Febrile Diseases". Over the past decade, SHYCD has been used to treat and prevent the liver cirrhosis and liver failure. In the present study, we investigated the effects of SHYCD for acute on chronic liver failure(ACLF) and explored its potential mechanism. an ACLF rat model, which induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) combined with D-galactosamine (D-GalN) and lipopolysaccharide(LPS), was used and confirmed by B-ultrasound analysis...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147012/piperidylmethyloxychalcone-improves-immune-mediated-acute-liver-failure-via-inhibiting-tak1-activity
#13
Sun Hong Park, Jeong-Ah Kwak, Sang-Hun Jung, Byeongwoo Ahn, Won-Jea Cho, Cheong-Yong Yun, Chang Seon Na, Bang Yeon Hwang, Jin Tae Hong, Sang-Bae Han, Youngsoo Kim
Mice deficient in the toll-like receptor (TLR) or the myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) are resistant to acute liver failure (ALF) with sudden death of hepatocytes. Chalcone derivatives from medicinal plants protect from hepatic damages including ALF, but their mechanisms remain to be clarified. Here, we focused on molecular basis of piperidylmethyloxychalcone (PMOC) in the treatment of TLR/MyD88-associated ALF. C57BL/6J mice were sensitized with D-galactosamine (GalN) and challenged with Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS, TLR4 agonist) or oligodeoxynucleotide containing unmethylated CpG motif (CpG ODN, TLR9 agonist) for induction of ALF...
November 17, 2017: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138834/mechanism-of-free-radical-generation-in-platelets-and-primary-hepatocytes-a-novel-electron-spin-resonance-study
#14
Chiun-Lang Wang, Po-Sheng Yang, Jeng-Ting Tsao, Thanasekaran Jayakumar, Meng-Jiy Wang, Joen-Rong Sheu, Duen-Suey Chou
Oxygen free radicals have been implicated in the pathogenesis of toxic liver injury and are thought to be involved in cardiac dysfunction in the cirrhotic heart. Therefore, direct evidence for the electron spin resonance (ESR) detection of how D‑galactosamine (GalN), an established experimental hepatotoxic substance, induced free radicals formation in platelets and primary hepatocytes is presented in the present study. ESR results demonstrated that GalN induced hydroxyl radicals (OH•) in a resting human platelet suspension; however, radicals were not produced in a cell free Fenton reaction system...
November 14, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138821/protective-effects-of-oxymatrine-against-lipopolysaccharide-d%C3%A2-galactosamine%C3%A2-induced-acute-liver-failure-through-oxidative-damage-via-activation-of-nrf2-ho%C3%A2-1-and-modulation-of-inflammatory-tlr4%C3%A2-signaling-pathways
#15
Jian Xu, Chengmin Li, Ziwei Li, Chan Yang, Lan Lei, Wei Ren, Yan Su, Chunping Chen
Oxymatrine has a variety of pharmacological functions, including anti-viral, anti-liver fibrotic, anti-cancer, anti‑bacterial, anti‑epidemic, analgesic, anti‑allergy and anti‑inflammatory properties. The present study aimed to investigate the protective effects of oxymatrine against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)/D‑galactosamine (D‑GalN)‑induced acute liver failure and the associated underlying mechanisms. Mice were administrated 4 mg/kg LPS and 600 mg/kg D‑GalN. Then, mice in the Oxymatrine group were treated with 120 mg/kg of oxymatrine for 4 weeks...
November 14, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129664/hemistepsin-a-ameliorates-acute-inflammation-in-macrophages-via-inhibition-of-nuclear-factor-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-activation-of-nuclear-factor-erythroid-2-related-factor-2
#16
Jae Kwang Kim, Ji Eun Lee, Eun Hye Jung, Ji Yun Jung, Dae Hwa Jung, Sae Kwang Ku, Il Je Cho, Sang Chan Kim
Hemistepsin A (HsA) is a sesquiterpene lactone isolated from Hemistepta lyrata (Bunge) Bunge. We investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of HsA and sought to determine its mechanisms of action in macrophages. HsA pretreatment inhibited nitric oxide production, and reduced the expression of iNOS and COX-2 in Toll-like receptor ligand-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. Additionally, HsA decreased the secretion of proinflammatory cytokines in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated Kupffer cells as well as in RAW 264...
November 9, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128398/a-sense-oligonucleotide-to-inducible-nitric-oxide-synthase-mrna-increases-the-survival-rate-of-rats-in-septic-shock
#17
Tetsuya Okuyama, Richi Nakatake, Masaki Kaibori, Tadayoshi Okumura, Masanori Kon, Mikio Nishizawa
Natural antisense transcripts (asRNAs) that do not encode proteins are transcribed from rat, mouse, and human genes, encoding inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), which catalyzes the production of the inflammatory mediator nitric oxide (NO). In septic shock, NO is excessively produced in hepatocytes and macrophages. The iNOS asRNA interacts with and stabilizes iNOS mRNA. We found that single-stranded 'sense' oligonucleotides corresponding to the iNOS mRNA sequence reduced iNOS mRNA levels by interfering with the mRNA-asRNA interactions in rat hepatocytes...
November 8, 2017: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126990/a-proanthocyanidin-rich-extract-from-cassia-abbreviata-exhibits-antioxidant-and-hepatoprotective-activities-in-vivo
#18
Mansour Sobeh, Mona F Mahmoud, Mohamed A O Abdelfattah, Haroan Cheng, Assem M El-Shazly, Michael Wink
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cassia abbreviata is a small to medium sized branched umbrella-shaped deciduous tree. It is widely spread in the tropics, especially in Africa, having a long history in traditional medicine for the treatment of numerous conditions such as headaches, diarrhea, constipation, some skin diseases, malaria, syphilis, pneumonia, stomach troubles, uterine pains, and against gonorrhea. AIM OF THE STUDY: We investigated the phytochemical constituents of a root extract from Cassia abbreviata using HPLC-PDA-ESI-MS/MS...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112935/histone-deacetylase-6-inhibitor-acy-1215-protects-against-experimental-acute-liver-failure-by-regulating-the-tlr4-mapk-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway
#19
Wen-Bin Zhang, Hai-Yue Zhang, Fang-Zhou Jiao, Lu-Wen Wang, Hong Zhang, Zuo-Jiong Gong
Histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) is considered a new target for anticancer, anti-inflammatory, and neurodegenerative treatment. ACY-1215 is a selective histone deacetylase 6 inhibitor, and it has been recognized as a potential anticancer and anti-inflammation drug. The aim of our study was to investigate whether ACY-1215 has protective effects on acute liver failure (ALF) in mice and explore its potential mechanism. Male C57/BL6 mice were divided into normal, model, and ACY-1215 groups. ACY-1215 (25mg/kg) and same amounts of saline were given to mice...
November 4, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108192/-protective-effect-of-the-histone-deacetylase-inhibitor-acy1215-against-brain-edema-in-mice-with-acute-liver-failure
#20
F Z Jiao, H Y Zhang, F Yang, L W Wang, Z J Gong
Objective: To investigate the protective effect of ACY1215 (Rocilinostat), a histone deacetylase inhibitor, against brain edema in mice with acute liver failure. Methods: Lipopolysaccharide combined with D-galactosamine was used to establish a mouse model of acute liver failure, and ACY1215 was used for intervention. The effect of ACY1215 on histopathological changes of the liver was observed after 24 hours, as well as the changes in alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), blood ammonia, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interferon-γ (IFN-γ), brain water content, blood-brain barrier structure, NF-κB-p65, histone, acetylated histone, and TNF-α mRNA in brain tissue...
September 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
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