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J W Zhang, Q Zeng, L Zhao, M Zhang, L Zhang, Q Gu
Objective: To investigate the association between parental environmental risk factors exposure and the risk for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Methods: A total of 179 ALL children cases were selected in Tianjin Blood Disease Hospital and 136 healthy children matched by age, gender and living place were selected in 2015 for a case control study. The data were analyzed with univariate and multivariate non conditional logistic regression models. Results: The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that sex, history of abortion, exposure in a smoking environment during pregnancy, catching a cold, taking antipyretic analgesics, maternal exposure to air purifying agent, father' s occupational exposure to petroleum products and home decoration during pregnancy were associated with the risk of childhood ALL (P<0...
October 10, 2016: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
Sylwia Wrotek, Krzysztof Domagalski, Tomasz Jędrzejewski, Eliza Dec, Wiesław Kozak
PURPOSE: The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of buthionine sulfoximine (BSO) - a glutathione depletor - on a course of endotoxic fever and IL-1β and IL-6 production. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Male Wistar rats were subjected to intraperitoneal injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from E. coli (50μg/kg, ip) to provoke fever. The level of spleen glutathione, plasma interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, and deep body temperature (Tb) were measured. RESULTS: The LPS administration provoked fever (the average Tb was 38...
October 17, 2016: Cytokine
Markus Hoffmann, Asita Fazel, Kai-Gerrit Mews, Petra Ambrosch
OBJECTIVES: To underline the value of the microendoscopic CO2 -Laser assisted treatment (MEDCO2 ) of Zenker's diverticulum by investigating a large patient cohort treated in a single medical center. DESIGN: Retrospective Cohort Study of consecutive patients. SETTING: Dept. of Otorhinolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery, Christian-Albrechts-University Kiel, Germany. PARTICIPANTS: 227 patients with Zenkers' diverticulum were treated by MEDCO2 and the results were compared with those reported in the literature for the open transcervical approach (OTA) and the endoscopic staple-assisted esophagodiverticulostomy (ESED)...
October 19, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
Bo Sun, Xubin Wang, Ruili Cao, Qi Zhang, Qiao Liu, Meifeng Xu, Ming Zhang, Xiangbo Du, Fangting Dong, Xianzhong Yan
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Fuzi, the processed lateral root of Aconitum carmichaelii Debeaux, is a traditional Chinese medicine used for its analgesic, antipyretic, anti-rheumatoid arthritis and anti-inflammation effects; however, it is also well known for its toxicity. Gancao, the root of Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch., is often used concurrently with Fuzi to alleviate its toxicity. However, the mechanism of detoxication is still not well clear. AIM OF THE STUDY: In this study, the effect of Gancao on the metabolic changes induced by Fuzi was investigated by NMR-based metabonomic approaches...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Sebastiano A Lava, Maristella Santi, Gregorio P Milani, Mario G Bianchetti, Giacomo D Simonetti
BACKGROUND: In symptomatic fever management of children, cultural differences have been detected. We aimed at investigating the presence of national modulators of symptomatic fever management. METHODS: We analyzed the data collected in the context of the Swiss national survey on symptomatic fever management in children and of an adapted version of that survey performed in Lombardy (Northern Italy). RESULTS: Ibuprofen (p<0.001) and an alternation regimen with 2 drugs (p<0...
October 12, 2016: Minerva Pediatrica
Jelena Katanić, Tatjana Boroja, Vladimir Mihailović, Stefanie Nikles, San-Po Pan, Gvozden Rosić, Dragica Selaković, Jovana Joksimović, Slobodanka Mitrović, Rudolf Bauer
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Meadowsweet (Filipendula ulmaria (L.) Maxim, Rosaceae) has been traditionally used in most European countries for the treatment of inflammatory diseases due to its antipyretic, analgesic, astringent, and anti-rheumatic properties. However, there is little scientific evidence on F. ulmaria anti-inflammatory effects regarding its impact on cyclooxygenases enzymatic activity and in vivo assessment of anti-inflammatory potential. This study aims to reveal the anti-inflammatory activity of methanolic extracts from the aerial parts (FUA) and roots (FUR) of F...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Meiyu Lin, Weidong Zhang, Juan Su
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The genus Bupleurum includes approximately 200 species that are widely distributed in the Northern Hemisphere, Eurasia and North Africa. Certain species of this genus have long been used as antiphlogistic, antipyretic and analgesic agents in traditional folk medicine. As described in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, the roots of Bupleurum chinense DC. and B. scorzonerifolium Willd. are the herbal materials that compose Chaihu (Radix Bupleuri), a well-known TCM herb...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Jean Stagnara, Pascal Besse, Sohéla El Kebir, Marie F Bordet
BACKGROUND: Primary tooth eruption in infants is associated with a range of local and systemic symptoms although this remains a subject of much debate. In addition, data is limited for the role of physicians in managing infant teething, and for the benefit of homeopathic treatments. METHODS: We conducted an observational, multicenter, prospective survey evaluating teething symptoms, and symptom course following routine medical management by French pediatricians in 597 infants aged from 3 to 24 months...
September 21, 2016: Minerva Pediatrica
Paul-Georges Reuter, Thibaut Desmettre, Sabine Guinemer, Olivier Ducros, Stéphane Begey, Agnès Ricard-Hibon, Laurianne Billier, Océane Grignon, Isabelle Megy-Michoux, Jean-Noël Latouff, Adeline Sourbes, Julien Latier, Isabelle Durand-Zaleski, Frédéric Lapostolle, Eric Vicaut, Frédéric Adnet
BACKGROUND: Telephone consultations in general practice are on the increase. However, data on their efficiency in terms of out-of-hours general practitioner (GP) workload, visits to hospital emergency departments (ED), cost, patient safety and satisfaction are relatively scant. The aim of this trial is to assess the effectiveness of telephone consultations provided by French emergency call centres in patients presenting with isolated fever or symptoms of gastroenteritis, mainly encountered diseases...
2016: Trials
Michal Goga, Sebastian J Antreich, Martin Bačkor, Wolfram Weckwerth, Ingeborg Lang
Lichen secondary metabolites can function as allelochemicals and affect the development and growth of neighboring bryophytes, fungi, vascular plants, microorganisms, and even other lichens. Lichen overgrowth on bryophytes is frequently observed in nature even though mosses grow faster than lichens, but there is still little information on the interactions between lichens and bryophytes.In the present study, we used extracts from six lichen thalli containing secondary metabolites like usnic acid, protocetraric acid, atranorin, lecanoric acid, nortistic acid, and thamnolic acid...
September 19, 2016: Protoplasma
Sompwe Eric Mukomena, Cilundika Mulenga Philipe, Mashinda Kulimba Désiré, Lutumba Tshindele Pascal, Mapatano Mala Ali, Luboya Numbi Oscar
INTRODUCTION: Long neglected, asymptomatic malaria is currently recognized as a potential threat and obstacle to malaria control. In DR Congo, the prevalence of this parasite is poorly documented. This study aims to determine the prevalence of asymptomatic parasitaemia in children less than 5 years of age as well as in those aged over five years for what concerns ongoing mass control interventions (LLINs). METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted among school age children, children less than 5 years of age living in the household of Lubumbashi...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Jun Natsume, Shin-Ichiro Hamano, Kuniaki Iyoda, Hideaki Kanemura, Masaya Kubota, Masakazu Mimaki, Shinichi Niijima, Takuya Tanabe, Harumi Yoshinaga, Noriko Kojimahara, Hirohumi Komaki, Kenji Sugai, Tokiko Fukuda, Yoshihiro Maegaki, Hideo Sugie
In 2015, the Japanese Society of Child Neurology released new guidelines for the management of febrile seizures, the first update of such guidelines since 1996. In 1988, the Conference on Febrile Convulsions in Japan published "Guidelines for the Treatment of Febrile Seizures." The Task Committee of the Conference proposed a revised version of the guidelines in 1996; that version released in 1996 was used for the next 19years in Japan for the clinical management of children with febrile seizures. Although the guidelines were very helpful for many clinicians, new guidelines were needed to reflect changes in public health and the dissemination of new medical evidence...
September 6, 2016: Brain & Development
Svjetlana Loga Zec, Kenan Selmanovic, Natasa Loga Andrijic, Azra Kadic, Lamija Zecevic, Lejla Zunic
INTRODUCTION: Bronchopneumonia is the most common clinical manifestation of pneumonia in pediatric population and leading infectious cause of mortality in children under 5 years. Evaluation of treatment involves diagnostic procedures, assessment of disease severity and treatment for disease with an emphasis on vulnerability of the population. AIM: To determine the most commonly used antibiotics at the Pediatric Clinic in Sarajevo and concomitant therapy in the treatment of bronchopneumonia...
June 2016: Medical Archives
Mateus de Oliveira Negreiros, Ângela Pawlowski, Cláudia Alcaraz Zini, Geraldo Luiz Gonçalves Soares, Amanda de Souza Motta, Ana Paula Guedes Frazzon
CONTEXT: Baccharis psiadioides (Less.) Joch. Müller (Asteraceae) is considered as a producer of bioactive essential oils and is used in south Brazilian folk medicine for its proprieties as stimulant, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory and as an antidote for snake bites. OBJECTIVE: To verify the antimicrobial and antibiofilm activities of the essential oil of B. psiadioides (EOBP) against antibiotic-resistant Enterococcus faecalis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The initial evaluation of EOBP activity was conducted by the agar and microdilution methods against 13 antibiotic-resistant E...
September 2, 2016: Pharmaceutical Biology
Keyal Uma, Xin Huang, Bhatta Anil Kumar
The advancement of phytochemical and phytopharmacological sciences has enabled elucidation of the composition and biological activities of several medicinal plant products including plant extract and essential oils. These products have been widely used around the world since ancient times for the treatment of various disorders such as diabetes, hypertension, peptic ulcer disease, microbial infection, sexual disorder and many more. Its popularity in the modern system of medicine is mainly due to their availability and fewer adverse reactions compared to synthetic drugs...
September 3, 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
Theresia Monica Rahardjo, Tinni Trihartini Maskoen, Ike Sri Redjeki
BACKGROUND: Recovery from cytomegalovirus meningoencephalitis with brain stem death in an immunocompetent patient is almost impossible. We present a remarkable recovery from a possible cytomegalovirus infection in an immunocompetent man who had severe neurological syndromes, suggesting brain stem death complicated by pneumonia and pleural effusion. CASE PRESENTATION: A 19-year-old Asian man presented at our hospital's emergency department with reduced consciousness and seizures following high fever, headache, confusion, and vomitus within a week before arrival...
2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Zaman Ashraf, Alamgeer, Munazza Kanwal, Mubashir Hassan, Sahar Abdullah, Mamuna Waheed, Haseeb Ahsan, Song Ja Kim
Flurbiprofen-antioxidant mutual prodrugs were synthesized to reduce the gastrointestinal (GI) effects associated with flurbiprofen. For reducing the GI toxicity, the free carboxylic group (-COOH) was temporarily masked by esterification with phenolic -OH of natural antioxidants vanillin, thymol, umbelliferone, and sesamol. The in vitro hydrolysis of synthesized prodrugs showed that they were stable in buffer solution at pH 1.2, indicating their stability in the stomach. The synthesized prodrugs undergo significant hydrolysis in 80% human plasma and thus release free flurbiprofen...
2016: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
Natarajan Karikalan, Raj Karthik, Shen-Ming Chen, Murugan Velmurugan, Chelladurai Karuppiah
Acetaminophen is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug used as an antipyretic agent for the alternative to aspirin. Conversely, the overdoses of acetaminophen can cause hepatic toxicity and kidney damage. Hence, the determination of acetaminophen receives much more attention in biological samples and also in pharmaceutical formulations. Here, we report a rapid and sensitive detection of the acetaminophen based on the bare (unmodified) screen printed carbon electrode (BSPCE) and its electrochemistry was studied in various pHs...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Sevket Arslan, Ramazan Ucar, Ahmet Zafer Caliskaner
Metamizole, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug with weak anti-inflammatory and spasmolytic effects, is used as an analgesic and antipyretic agent. Many adverse reactions to metamizole, such as early or late-onset systemic reactions and bone marrow suppression, have been identified. In this report, we present a case of systemic reaction after the application of parenteral metamizole (Novalgin(®) ampoule; Sanofi Aventis, İstanbul, Turkey) and discuss the mechanism underlying the reaction.
June 2016: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
Edoardo Picetti, Franco Servadei, Cristiana Reverberi, Francesca De Carlo, Ilaria Rossi, Marta Velia Antonini, Maria Luisa Caspani
BACKGROUND: The aim of this prospective clinical study was to evaluate the cerebral and hemodynamic effects of low dose intramuscular DCFS administered for fever control in ICU patients with ABI. METHODS: Inclusion criteria were: 1) age ≥ 18 years, 2) the ability to monitor intra-arterial blood pressure, Tc, and ICP, 3) the placement of an indwelling jugular venous catheter for intermittent SjVO2 measurements, and 4) a Tc ≥ 37.5 °C. Exclusion criteria were: hypovolemia, administration of drugs with hemodynamic effects during the study period, administration of antipyretics within 6 hours prior to the start of the study, acute heart failure, cerebral vasospasm, pregnancy, renal and gastric diseases and allergy to DCFS...
August 17, 2016: World Neurosurgery
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