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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688261/prenatal-exposure-to-acetaminophen-and-risk-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-autistic-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression-analysis-of-cohort-studies
#1
Reem Masarwa, Hagai Levine, Einat Gorelik, Shimon Reif, Amichai Perlman, Ilan Matok
Acetaminophen is the most commonly used analgesic and antipyretic during pregnancy. Evidence of neuro-disruptive properties is accumulating. Therefore, we sought to evaluate the risk for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) in the offspring of women exposed to acetaminophen during pregnancy. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane up to January 2017. Data were independently extracted and assessed by two researchers. Seven eligible retrospective cohorts included 132,738 mother and child pairs and with a follow-up period of 3-11 years...
April 24, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672960/thai-herbal-antipyretic-22-formula-apf22-inhibits-uva-mediated-melanogenesis-through-activation-of-nrf2-regulated-antioxidant-defense
#2
Tasanee Onkoksoong, Saowanee Jeayeng, Naravat Poungvarin, Saowalak Limsaengurai, Onusa Thamsermsang, Pinpat Tripatara, Pravit Akarasereenont, Uraiwan Panich
Thai herbal antipyretic 22 formula (APF22), a polyherbal formula, has been traditionally used to treat dermatologic problems including hyperpigmentation. Exposure of the skin to ultraviolet A (UVA) causes abnormal melanin production induced by photooxidative stress. This study thus aimed to investigate the protective effects of APF22 extracts and phenolic compounds, ferulic acid (FA), and gallic acid (GA; used as positive control and reference compounds), on melanogenesis through modulation of nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) signaling and antioxidant defenses in mouse melanoma (B16F10) cells exposed to UVA...
April 19, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671907/a-comprehensive-review-of-phytochemical-profile-bioactives-for-pharmaceuticals-and-pharmacological-attributes-of-azadirachta-indica
#3
REVIEW
Sumaira Saleem, Gulzar Muhammad, Muhammad Ajaz Hussain, Syed Nasir Abbas Bukhari
Azadirachta indica L. is a multipurpose medicinal tree of family Meliaceae. It occurs in tropical and semitropical regions of the world. Different parts of this miraculous tree are used to treat pyrexia, headache, ulcer, respiratory disorders, cancer, diabetes, leprosy, malaria, dengue, chicken pox, and dermal complications. The tree is popular for its pharmacological attributes such as hypolipidemic, antifertility, microbicidal, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective, antipyretic, hypoglycemic, insecticidal, nematicidal, antiulcer, antioxidant, neuroprotective, cardioprotective, and antileishmaniasis properties...
April 19, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649320/strychnos-pseudoquina-modulates-the-morphological-reorganization-of-the-scar-tissue-of-second-intention-cutaneous-wounds-in-rats
#4
Mariáurea Matias Sarandy, Lyvia Lopes Miranda, Luciana Schulthais Altoé, Rômulo Dias Novaes, Virgínia Vinha Zanuncio, João Paulo Viana Leite, Reggiani Vilela Gonçalves
Natural substances are used in folk medicines to treat injuries. Strychnos pseudoquina has scarring, antipyretic, and antimalarial actions. The present study aimed to analyze the effect of S. pseudoquina on cutaneous wound healing in rats. The S. pseudoquina extract was submitted to phytochemical prospection. The levels of flavonoids and total phenolic compounds in the extract were 50.7 mg/g and 2.59 mg/g, respectively. Thirty Wistar rats were individualized in cages with food and water ad libitum (registration no...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629064/plantago-major-in-traditional-persian-medicine-and-modern-phytotherapy-a-narrative-review
#5
REVIEW
Younes Najafian, Shokouh Sadat Hamedi, Masoumeh Kaboli Farshchi, Zohre Feyzabadi
Plantago major has been used widely since ancient times, to manage a wide range of diseases including constipation, coughs and wounds. The aim of this study is to review the traditional application, botanical characterization, pharmacological activities, phytochemistry effects and toxicity of Plantago major. In this review study, medicinal properties of Plantago major are collected from credible pharmacopeias, textbooks of traditional Persian medicine (TPM) belonging to the 10-18th century AD, such as "The Canon of Medicine", "Makhzan-Al- Advia" and so on...
February 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627667/electrochemical-study-of-acetaminophen-oxidation-by-gold-nanoparticles-supported-on-a-leaf-like-zeolitic-imidazolate-framework
#6
Lei Wang, Tianjiao Meng, Yanwei Fan, Chunxia Chen, Ziwei Guo, Huan Wang, Yufan Zhang
Decoration of leaf-like zeolitic imidazolate framework (ZIF-L) with Au nanoparticles (NPs) by a simple self-assembly method was described in this work. The materials were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectra, N2 adsorption, and thermogravimetric analysis. Acetaminophen (AP) is most commonly referred to as an over-the-counter antipyretic and analgesic, which is a key factor in relieving fever and pain. It is particular significant to take efforts and conduct research for the development of reliable methods to detect the AP...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618196/the-course-of-intracranial-pressure-after-antipyretic-therapy-in-acute-brain-injury
#7
Edoardo Picetti, Patrizia Ceccarelli, Laura Malchiodi, Francesca Mensi, Solange Risolo, Franco Servadei, Corrado Iaccarino, Ilaria Rossi, Sandra Rossi
BACKGROUND: The present study was performed to evaluate intracranial pressure (ICP) variations after antipyretic therapy and their relationship to ICP at baseline (ICPbas) in acute brain injury (ABI) patients. METHODS: We completed a retrospective analysis on data derived from 2 previously published prospective observational studies. The first study involved 32 ABI patients and was performed to elucidate the cerebral and hemodynamic effects of intravenous (IV) paracetamol...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614487/prevalence-of-hypersensitivity-reactions-in-children-associated-with-acetaminophen-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Sofianne Gabrielli, Alexandra Langlois, Moshe Ben-Shoshan
BACKGROUND: Acetaminophen is the most commonly used antipyretic in children. However, there are limited data assessing hypersensitivity reactions related to acetaminophen usage. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review to characterize reported reactions to acetaminophen in adults and children, and perform a meta-analysis to assess the prevalence of acetaminophen hypersensitivity in children with a suspected acetaminophen allergy. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of studies reporting hypersensitivity reactions to acetaminophen by searching 2 electronic databases...
April 3, 2018: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597245/the-relevancy-of-paracetamol-and-breastfeeding-post-infant-vaccination-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Nurain Suleiman, Siti Hadijah Shamsuddin, Razman Mohd Rus, Shamsul Drahman, Mai Nurul Ashikin Mohd Taib
Background: Paracetamol may be used as an antipyretic agent for the treatment of fever, as well as an analgesic in the treatment of mild to moderate pain post-vaccination in infants. The use of paracetamol during fever may be or may not be recommended since it may alter the natural human body immune response, although it may reduce pain. Objectives: The aims of this study are to describe the effectiveness of breastfeeding in reducing pain and paracetamol in reducing fever and pain post infant vaccination. Methods: Data sources and study selection was conducted by electronic searching of six databases...
March 28, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592983/rare-cause-of-fever-of-unknown-origin-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumour
#10
Manjunath Havalappa Dodamani, Rajiv Ranjan Kumar, Mayur Parkhi, Rajendar Basher
A 44-year-old man presented with fever (low to high grade) for 2-month duration despite treatment with oral antibiotics and antipyretics. Further, enquiry did not yield any potentially explanatory clues to a diagnosis. Physical examination revealed only left axillary lymphadenopathy, but was otherwise unremarkable. A number of diagnosis included tuberculosis, malignancy, lymphoma, connective disease disorder and infective endocarditis. Further evaluation revealed severe anaemia due to iron deficiency which was supported with blood transfusion and oral iron supplementation...
March 28, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575869/volatile-oil-composition-of-i-carthamus-tinctorius-i-l-flowers-grown-in-kazakhstan
#11
Aknur Amanbekovna Turgumbayeva, Gulbaram Omargazieva Ustenova, Balakyz Kymyzgalievna Yeskalieva, Bakyt Amanullovna Ramazanova, Kairolla Duysenbayevich Rahimov, Hajiakbar Aisa, Konrad T Juszkiewicz
INTRODUCTION: <i>Carthamus tinctorius L.</i> is commonly known as Safflower. <i>C. tinctorius</i> extracts and oil are important in drug development with numerous pharmacological activities in the world. This plant is cultivated mainly for its seed which is used as edible oil. For a long time, <i>C. tinctorius</i> has been used in traditional medicines as a purgative, analgesic, antipyretic and an antidote to poisoning. It is a useful plant in painful menstrual problems, post-partum haemorrhage and osteoporosis...
March 14, 2018: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566014/pattern-of-medication-selling-and-self-medication-practices-a-study-from-punjab-pakistan
#12
Muhammad Majid Aziz, Imran Masood, Mahreen Yousaf, Hammad Saleem, Dan Ye, Yu Fang
BACKGROUND: Access to medicines without prescription is a major contributing factor for self-medication practices. This study was designed to examine the ratio of non-prescribed medicines sales and self-medication practices in Punjab, Pakistan. This study also evaluates the reasons for self-medication within its communities. METHODS: An observational study was conducted in 272 systemically selected pharmacies to analyze medicines-related sales, with or without prescription...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560444/ethyl-pyruvate-attenuates-acetaminophen-induced-liver-injury-and-prevents-cellular-injury-induced-by-n-acetyl-p-benzoquinone-imine
#13
Minako Nagatome, Yuki Kondo, Daisuke Kadowaki, Yusuke Saishyo, Mitsuru Irikura, Tetsumi Irie, Yoichi Ishitsuka
Acetaminophen, a common analgesic/antipyretic, is a frequent cause of acute liver failure in Western countries. The development of an effective cure against acetaminophen hepatotoxicity is crucial. Ethyl pyruvate, an ethyl ester derivative of pyruvic acid, has been identified as a possible candidate against acetaminophen hepatotoxicity in animal experiments. However, the mode of the hepatoprotective action of ethyl pyruvate remains unclear. We examined the hepatoprotective effect of ethyl pyruvate against hepatocyte injury and oxidative stress in a mouse model of acetaminophen hepatotoxicity...
February 2018: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546728/ho-1-dependent-antioxidant-effects-of-ethyl-acetate-fraction-from-physalis-alkekengi-fruit-ameliorates-scopolamine-induced-cognitive-impairments
#14
Md Moniruzzaman, Young-Won Chin, Jungsook Cho
Physalis alkekengi var. francheti is an indigenous herb well known for its anti-inflammatory, sedative, antipyretic, and expectorant properties. However, the information regarding the impacts of P. alkekengi fruits (PAF) in modulation of oxidative stress and learning memory are still unknown. This study therefore evaluated the antioxidant properties of ethyl acetate (EA) fraction of PAF and its impacts on learning and memory. The antioxidant activities of PAF were evaluated in LPS-induced BV2 microglial cells...
March 15, 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546518/assessment-of-biochemical-alterations-in-the-neotropical-fish-species-phalloceros-harpagos-after-acute-and-chronic-exposure-to-the-drugs-paracetamol-and-propranolol
#15
Beatriz V R Pereira, Gregorio Nolazco Matus, Monica Jones Costa, André Cordeiro Alves Dos Santos, Elaine C M Silva-Zacarin, Janaina Braga do Carmo, Bruno Nunes
Over time, many pollutants of anthropogenic origin have caused the contamination of aquatic ecosystems. Among several characteristics, these compounds can reach the trophic chain, causing deleterious interactions with the biota. Pharmaceutical substances can be included in this scenario as emerging contaminants that reach the aquatic environment because of direct human and veterinary usage, and release by industrial effluents, as well as through domestic dumping of surplus drugs. The effects of these compounds on exposed organisms have been studied since the 1990s, but ecotoxicological data for such chemicals are still scarce especially concerning aquatic organisms from tropical regions...
March 15, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532378/performance-and-efficiency-of-removal-of-pharmaceutical-compounds-from-hospital-wastewater-by-lab-scale-biological-treatment-system
#16
Takashi Azuma, Kana Otomo, Mari Kunitou, Mai Shimizu, Kaori Hosomaru, Shiori Mikata, Yoshiki Mino, Tetsuya Hayashi
The fate of pharmaceuticals after discharged from hospital into wastewater was clarified experimentally by using a new lab-scale conventional activated sludge (CAS) treatment reactor. The 43 target compounds belong to nine therapeutic classes (antivirals, antibacterials, anticancer drugs, psychotropics, antihypertensives, analgesic-antipyretics, contrast media, herbal medicines, and phytoestrogens) were selected with inclusion of 16 newly estimated compounds. The efficiency of the present reactor was estimated by comparing the reaction rate constant of the solid-water partition coefficients (log Kd ) between liquid and solid samples and half-life during 48-h experiment obtained by using hospital effluents with those obtained by using STP wastewater...
March 12, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520958/predictors-of-inadequate-initial-echocardiography-in-suspected-kawasaki-disease-criteria-for-sedation
#17
Raymond P Lorenzoni, Jaeun Choi, Nadine F Choueiter, Iona M Munjal, Chhavi Katyal, Kenan W D Stern
OBJECTIVE: Kawasaki disease is the primary cause of acquired pediatric heart disease in developed nations. Timely diagnosis of Kawasaki disease incorporates transthoracic echocardiography for visualization of the coronary arteries. Sedation improves this visualization, but not without risks and resource utilization. To identify potential sedation criteria for suspected Kawasaki disease, we analyzed factors associated with diagnostically inadequate initial transthoracic echocardiography performed without sedation...
March 9, 2018: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513963/the-effect-of-total-and-partial-nephrectomy-on-the-pharmacokinetics-of-intravenous-paracetamol-in-humans
#18
Agnieszka Karbownik, Wojciech Polom, Joanna Porazka, Edyta Szalek, Tomasz Grabowski, Anna Wolc, Matuszewski Marcin, Edmund Grzesowiak
Paracetamol is one of the most common analgesic and antipyretic drugs. Recently intravenous paracetamol has been widely used to treat moderate postoperative pain. Surgery is the main method of treatment of renal cancer. Total or partial nephrectomy can be performed, depending on the size and location of the tumor. Pharmacokinetics of drugs may depend on the type of surgery. The aim of the study was to compare the postinfusion pharmacokinetics of paracetamol in patients after total nephrectomy (TN) and nephron sparing surgery (NSS)...
May 2017: Acta Poloniae Pharmaceutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494478/antimicrobial-activity-and-chemical-composition-of-essential-oils-from-verbenaceae-species-growing-in-south-america
#19
REVIEW
Cristina M Pérez Zamora, Carola A Torres, María B Nuñez
The Verbenaceae family includes 2600 species grouped into 100 genera with a pantropical distribution. Many of them are important elements of the floras of warm-temperature and tropical regions of America. This family is known in folk medicine, and its species are used as digestive, carminative, antipyretic, antitussive, antiseptic, and healing agents. This review aims to collect information about the essential oils from the most reported species of the Verbenaceae family growing in South America, focusing on their chemical composition, antimicrobial activity, and synergism with commercial antimicrobials...
March 1, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489610/intravenous-paracetamol-overdose-a-pediatric-case-report
#20
Nagehan Aslan, Dincer Yildizdas, Didar Arslan, Ozden Ozgur Horoz, Hayri Levent Yilmaz, Sevcan Bilen
Paracetamol is a common antipyretic often used to treat children with fever and pain. With the increasing administration of intravenous (IV) paracetamol, there will be the associated risk of medication dosing errors. We report a case of IV paracetamol overdose in a child with fever during hospital admission. A IV paracetamol dosing error occurred, with delayed recognition resulting in transient hepatotoxicity, with a peak alanine transaminase of 1946 IU/L and aspartate transaminase of 1633 IU/L.
February 28, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
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