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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933428/in-6-to-8-year-old-children-cardiorespiratory-fitness-moderates-the-relationship-between-severity-of-life-events-and-health-related-quality-of-life
#1
Markus Gerber, Katharina Endes, Serge Brand, Christian Herrmann, Flora Colledge, Lars Donath, Oliver Faude, Henner Hanssen, Uwe Pühse, Lukas Zahner
PURPOSE: In children, the pathways by which physical activity and fitness are associated with physical and psychological wellbeing are still not fully understood. The present study examines for the first time in young children whether high levels of cardiorespiratory fitness and physical activity moderate the relationship between severity of life events and health-related quality of life. METHODS: Three hundred and seventy-eight children (188 girls, 190 boys, M age = 7...
December 8, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933289/the-association-between-stress-measured-by-allostatic-load-score-and-physiologic-dysregulation-in-african-immigrants-the-africans-in-america-study
#2
Brianna A Bingham, Michelle T Duong, Madia Ricks, Lilian S Mabundo, Rafeal L Baker, Jean N Utumatwishima, Margaret Udahogora, David Berrigan, Anne E Sumner
INTRODUCTION: Allostatic load score (ALS) summarizes the physiological effect of stress on cardiovascular, metabolic and immune systems. As immigration is stressful, ALS could be affected. OBJECTIVE: Associations between age of immigration, reason for immigration, and unhealthy assimilation behavior and ALS were determined in 238 African immigrants to the United States (age 40 ± 10, mean ± SD, range 21-64 years). METHODS: ALS was calculated using 10 variables from three domains; cardiovascular (SBP, DBP, cholesterol, triglyceride, homocysteine), metabolic [BMI, A1C, albumin, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)], and immunological [high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP)]...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932343/influence-of-the-day-care-home-and-neighbourhood-environment-on-young-children-s-physical-activity-and-health-protocol-for-the-playce-observational-study
#3
Hayley Christian, Clover Maitland, Stephanie Enkel, Georgina Trapp, Stewart G Trost, Jasper Schipperijn, Bryan Boruff, Leanne Lester, Michael Rosenberg, Stephen R Zubrick
INTRODUCTION: The early years are a critical period in a child's health and development, yet most preschool children fail to meet physical activity guidelines. Outside of the home and neighbourhood, children spend a large proportion of time within early childhood education and care (ECEC) services such as long day care. Research is required to determine how the design of day care outdoor (and indoor) spaces provides opportunities or constraints for physical activity. A significant evidence gap surrounds what objectively measured attributes of the home and neighbourhood environment influence preschoolers' physical activity...
December 8, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932193/associations-between-built-environment-and-physical-activity-of-7-8-year-old-children-cross-sectional-results-from-the-lithuanian-cosi-study
#4
Vilma Žaltauskė, Aušra Petrauskienė
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Research shows that regular engagement in physical activity in childhood is associated with multiple physical and psychosocial health benefits. The data on associations between children physical activity level and built environment in Lithuania are limited. The built environment is one of many variables thought to affect children physical activity level. But consequently there is growing interest in how physical environment influences physical activity of school age children...
November 21, 2016: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931254/feasibility-of-an-online-intervention-stak-d-to-promote-physical-activity-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Holly Blake, Helen Quirk, Paul Leighton, Tabitha Randell, James Greening, Boliang Guo, Cris Glazebrook
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity has important health benefits for children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), yet children and their parents face barriers to participation such as lack of self-efficacy or concerns around hypoglycaemia. Multimedia interventions are useful for educating children about their health and demonstrate potential to improve children's health-related self-efficacy, but few paediatric clinics offer web-based resources as part of routine care. The Steps to Active Kids with Diabetes (STAK-D) programme is an online intervention grounded in psychological theory (social cognitive theory) and informed by extensive preliminary research...
December 8, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929670/physical-activity-and-changes-in-adiposity-in-the-transition-from-elementary-to-middle-school
#6
Marsha Dowda, Sharon E Taverno Ross, Kerry L McIver, Rodney K Dishman, Russell R Pate
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the longitudinal associations of objectively measured physical activity, sedentary behavior, and diet quality with two measures of adiposity and a measure of weight status. METHODS: A total of 658 children from 21 elementary schools (45.1% boys; 40% white, 33% black, 9% Hispanic, and 18% other race/ethnicity) were assessed at least twice in fifth, sixth, and/or seventh grade. Fat mass index (FMI), percent body fat (PBF), and BMI were calculated from body weight, standing and seated heights, and bioelectrical impedance (BIA) measured each year...
December 8, 2016: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928870/balance-evaluation-in-haemophilic-preadolescent-patients-using-nintendo-wii-balance-board-%C3%A2
#7
S Pérez-Alenda, J J Carrasco, M Aguilar-Rodríguez, L Martínez-Gómez, M Querol-Giner, R Cuesta-Barriuso, A Torres-Ortuño, F Querol
INTRODUCTION: Alterations in the musculoskeletal system, especially in the lower limbs, limit physical activity and affect balance and walking. Postural impairments in haemophilic preteens could increase the risk of bleeding events and deteriorate the physical condition, promoting the progression of haemophilic arthropathy. AIM: This study aims to evaluate static postural balance in haemophilic children, assessed by means of the Wii Balance Board(®) (WBB). METHODS: Nineteen children with haemophilia and 19 without haemophilia aged 9-10 years, have participated in this study...
December 8, 2016: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928441/effects-of-a-selected-exercise-programon-executive-function-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#8
Memarmoghaddam M, Torbati Ht, Sohrabi M, Mashhadi A, Kashi A
Introduction. The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a Selected exercise program on the executive function of children with ADHD. Method. The participants were 40 male students, aged 7-11 years. The participants were randomly assigned into two groups (experimental and control). The experimental group participated in an exercise program for 24 sessions, 90 minutes per session. The control group did not receive any intervention. Before and after the exercise period, all the participants were assessed with Stroop and Go-No-Go tests, and the resulting data were analyzed by using MANCOVA...
October 2016: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928116/effects-of-the-national-school-lunch-program-on-bone-growth-in-japanese-elementary-school-children
#9
Toshiyuki Kohri, Naoko Kaba, Tatsuki Itoh, Satoshi Sasaki
The Japanese school lunch program with milk was designed to supply 33-50% of the necessary nutrients per day and 50% of the recommended dietary allowance for calcium, which is difficult to obtain from Japanese meals. Although this program contributes to the mental and physical development of children, the effect of these meals on the bone growth in children remains unknown. Therefore, we compared the effect of school lunch with milk on bone growth between elementary school children attending schools that did not enforce the school lunch with milk program (box-lunch group) and those attending schools that did enforce the program (school-lunch group)...
2016: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927584/tribally-affiliated-child-care-center-environment-and-obesogenic-behaviors-in-young-children
#10
Susan B Sisson, Julie Stoner, Ji Li, Lancer Stephens, Janis E Campbell, Karina R Lora, Sandra H Arnold, Diane Horm, Beth DeGrace
BACKGROUND: Child-care centers are an integral part of life for many families with young children. American Indian children are at elevated health risk because of higher levels of obesity and associated health behaviors. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to assess the child-care environment and children's physical activity (PA) and dietary intake in young children attending tribally affiliated child care. DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional study...
December 4, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927275/energy-balance-related-behaviors-are-related-to-cardiometabolic-parameters-and-predict-adiposity-in-8-14-year-old-overweight-chinese-children-one-year-later
#11
Liu Bai Li, Nan Wang, Xu Long Wu, Ling Wang, Jing Jing Li, Miao Yang, Jun Ma
To identify target energy balance-related behaviors (ERBs), baseline data from 141 overweight or obese schoolchildren (aged 8-14 years old) was used to predict adiposity [body mass index (BMI) and fat percentage] one year later. The ERBs included a modified Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension diet score (DASH score), leisure-time physical activity (PA, days/week), and leisure screen time (minutes/day). Several cardiometabolic variables were measured in the fasting state, including systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), blood glucose (GLU), total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C), and high-density lipoprotein (HDL-C)...
October 2016: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927218/efficacy-of-interventions-that-use-apps-to-improve-diet-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Stephanie Schoeppe, Stephanie Alley, Wendy Van Lippevelde, Nicola A Bray, Susan L Williams, Mitch J Duncan, Corneel Vandelanotte
BACKGROUND: Health and fitness applications (apps) have gained popularity in interventions to improve diet, physical activity and sedentary behaviours but their efficacy is unclear. This systematic review examined the efficacy of interventions that use apps to improve diet, physical activity and sedentary behaviour in children and adults. METHODS: Systematic literature searches were conducted in five databases to identify papers published between 2006 and 2016. Studies were included if they used a smartphone app in an intervention to improve diet, physical activity and/or sedentary behaviour for prevention...
December 7, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927073/the-importance-of-cohesion-and-enjoyment-for-the-fitness-improvement-of-8-10-year-old-children-participating-in-a-team-and-individual-sport-school-based-physical-activity-intervention
#13
Anne-Marie Elbe, Johan Michael Wikman, Miky Zheng, Malte Nejst Larsen, Glen Nielsen, Peter Krustrup
This study investigates the enjoyment and cohesion of school children participating in a school-based high-intensity physical activity (PA) intervention. Both enjoyment and cohesion have been found to be important factors for adherence to regular physical and sport activity, an important outcome of PA interventions. The sample consisted of 300 pupils (mean age: 9.3 years; 52.7% female) assigned to a team sport intervention, an individual sport intervention, or a control group for 10 months. The Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale and Youth Sport Environment Questionnaire were used to measure enjoyment and cohesion...
December 7, 2016: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924679/effect-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-as-adjunctive-therapy-to-methylphenidate-on-adhd-symptoms-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#14
Nakisa Mohammadpour, Shima Jazayeri, Mehdi Tehrani-Doost, Mahmoud Djalali, Mostafa Hosseini, Mohammad Effatpanah, Rozita Davari-Ashtiani, Elham Karami
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have shown that serum levels of vitamin D were lower in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) children compared to healthy controls. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of vitamin D supplementation as adjunctive therapy to methylphenidate on symptoms of children with ADHD. METHODS: Sixty-two children aged 5-12 years with a diagnosis of ADHD based on DSM-IV criteria were randomly assigned into two groups to receive either 2000IU vitamin D or placebo in addition to methylphenidate for 8 weeks...
December 7, 2016: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923778/influence-of-pok%C3%A3-mon-go-on-physical-activity-study-and-implications
#15
Tim Althoff, Ryen W White, Eric Horvitz
BACKGROUND: Physical activity helps people maintain a healthy weight and reduces the risk for several chronic diseases. Although this knowledge is widely recognized, adults and children in many countries around the world do not get recommended amounts of physical activity. Although many interventions are found to be ineffective at increasing physical activity or reaching inactive populations, there have been anecdotal reports of increased physical activity due to novel mobile games that embed game play in the physical world...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923668/health-associations-with-meeting-new-24-h-movement-guidelines-for-canadian-children-and-youth
#16
Valerie Carson, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Ian Janssen, Mark S Tremblay
The study objective was to examine whether meeting the new Canadian 24-h movement guidelines was associated with health indicators in a representative sample of Canadian children and youth. Cross-sectional findings are based on 4157 (1239 fasting subsample) children and youth aged 6-17years from cycles 1-3 of the Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS). Sleep and screen time were subjectively measured while moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) was accelerometer-determined. Health indicators in the full sample (body mass index (BMI) z scores, waist circumference, blood pressure, behavioral strengths and difficulties score (lower=better), and aerobic fitness) and fasting subsample (triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol, C-reactive protein, and insulin) were measured...
December 3, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923111/evaluation-of-a-pilot-school-based-physical-activity-challenge-for-primary-students
#17
E Passmore, C Donato-Hunt, L Maher, R Havrlant, K Hennessey, A Milat, L Farrell
Issue addressed: Physical inactivity and sedentary behaviour among children are growing public health concerns. The Culture Health Communities Activity Challenge (hereafter known as the Challenge) is a school-based pedometer program in which classes compete to achieve the highest class average daily steps in an 8-week period. The Challenge aims to encourage physical activity in primary school students, with a focus on engaging Aboriginal students. The program was piloted in 15 classes in New South Wales in 2014...
December 2, 2016: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919454/the-longitudinal-impact-of-nfl-play-60-programming-on-youth-aerobic-capacity-and-bmi
#18
Yang Bai, Pedro F Saint-Maurice, Gregory J Welk, Daniel W Russell, Kelly Allums-Featherston, Norma Candelaria
INTRODUCTION: The NFL PLAY 60 campaign has actively promoted physical activity and healthy eating in youth through programs such as the PLAY 60 Challenge and Fuel Up to PLAY 60. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the impact of NFL PLAY 60 programming on longitudinal trajectories of youth aerobic capacity and BMI. STUDY DESIGN: Data were from the NFL PLAY 60 FitnessGram Partnership Project, a large participatory research project designed to promote physical activity and healthy eating among Kindergarten through 12th grade children and adolescents...
December 2, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919439/associations-between-physical-activity-and-semen-quality-in-young-healthy-men
#19
Paweł Jóźków, Marek Mędraś, Felicja Lwow, Aleksandra Zagrodna, Małgorzata Słowińska-Lisowska
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the level of everyday physical activity is associated with semen quality in young men. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Universities, clubs, and societies. PATIENT(S): Young healthy men (aged 18-35 years) with unknown fertility (n = 177). INTERVENTIONS(S): Collection of data on medical history, lifestyle factors (physical activity, nutrition, addictions), and environmental threats (exposure of gonads to cellular phones, laptops)...
December 2, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918425/the-influence-of-health-behaviours-in-childhood-on-attention-deficit-and-hyperactivity-disorder-in-adolescence
#20
Xiuyun Wu, Arto Ohinmaa, Paul J Veugelers
Attention-deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents is a global public health burden. Identification of health-related behavioral risk factors including diet quality and physical and sedentary activities for ADHD is important for prioritizing behavioral intervention strategies to improve mental health. This study aimed to examine the association of diet quality, physical activity, and sedentary behaviours in childhood with ADHD throughout adolescence. We linked data from grade five students aged primarily 10 and 11 years old who participated in a population-based lifestyle survey in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia with their administrative health care data...
December 2, 2016: Nutrients
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