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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105511/bone-density-in-the-obese-child-clinical-considerations-and-diagnostic-challenges
#1
Jennifer C Kelley, Nicola Crabtree, Babette S Zemel
The prevalence of obesity in children has reached epidemic proportions. Concern about bone health in obese children, in part, derives from the potentially increased fracture risk associated with obesity. Additional risk factors that affect bone mineral accretion, may also contribute to obesity, such as low physical activity and nutritional factors. Consequences of obesity, such as inflammation, insulin resistance, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, may also affect bone mineral acquisition, especially during the adolescent years when rapid increases in bone contribute to attaining peak bone mass...
January 20, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103861/the-saskatchewan-new-brunswick-healthy-start-d%C3%A3-part-sant%C3%A3-intervention-implementation-cost-estimates-of-a-physical-activity-and-healthy-eating-intervention-in-early-learning-centers
#2
Nazmi Sari, Nazeem Muhajarine, Amanda Froehlich Chow
BACKGROUND: Participation in daily physical activity and consuming a balanced diet high in fruits and vegetables and low in processed foods are behaviours associated with positive health outcomes during all stages of life. Previous literature suggests that the earlier these behaviours are established the greater the health benefits. As such, early learning settings have been shown to provide an effective avenue for exploring and influencing the physical activity and healthy eating behaviours of children before school entry...
January 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103443/effects-of-childhood-asthma-on-the-development-of-obesity-among-school-aged-children
#3
Zhanghua Chen, Muhammad T Salam, Tanya L Alderete, Rima Habre, Theresa M Bastain, Kiros Berhane, Frank D Gilliland
RATIONALE: Asthma and obesity often occur together in children. It is unknown whether asthma contributes to the childhood obesity epidemic. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the effects of asthma and asthma medication use on the development of childhood obesity. METHODS: The primary analysis was conducted among 2,171 non-obese children who were 5-8 years of age at study enrollment in the Southern California Children's Health Study (CHS) and were followed for up to 10 years...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101329/association-between-sports-type-and-overuse-injuries-of-extremities-in-adults-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Charlène Chéron, Christine Le Scanff, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
BACKGROUND: Sports injuries are often described as overuse or traumatic. Little is known about the frequency of overuse injuries and, in particular, if they vary between different types of sporting activities. PURPOSE: To identify any differences between sports in relation to diagnoses of overuse injuries of the extremities (OIE) and anatomical areas most likely to be injured in adults and to compare these findings with those reported in youngsters, as identified in a previous review...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097673/schoolyard-shade-and-sun-exposure-assessment-of-personal-monitoring-during-children-s-physical-activity
#5
Jennifer K Vanos, Grant R McKercher, Kylie Naughton, Marc Lochbaum
Childhood exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UVR) is a major risk factor for the development of melanoma later in life. However, it is challenging to accurately determine personal outdoor exposure to UVR, specifically erythemally-weighted UVR (UVEry ), due to technological constraints, variable time-activity patterns, and the influence of outdoor environmental design. To address this challenge, the current study utilized mobile and stationary techniques to examine the UVEry exposures of 14 children in a schoolyard in Lubbock, TX in spring 2016...
January 18, 2017: Photochemistry and Photobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095501/birth-weight-and-its-relationship-with-the-cardiac-autonomic-balance-in-healthy-children
#6
Livia Victorino Souza, Vanessa Oliveira, Franciele De Meneck, Ana Paula Grotti Clemente, Maria Wany Louzada Strufaldi, Maria do Carmo Franco
Several studies indicate that the fetal environment plays a significant role in the development of cardiometabolic disease later in life. However, a few studies present conflicting data about the correlation between birth weight and the impairment of cardiac autonomic modulation. The purpose of the present study was to provide further knowledge to elucidate this contradictory relationship. One hundred children aged 5 and 14 years had anthropometric parameters, body composition and blood pressure levels determined...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092643/physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-among-children-with-disabilities-at-school
#7
Cindy H P Sit, Thomas L McKenzie, Ester Cerin, Bik C Chow, Wendy Y Huang, Jie Yu
PURPOSES: Physical activity (PA) is important for the development of children with disabilities, but rarely does this population meet the recommended standards. Schools are salient locations for PA, but little is known about how specific school settings affect the PA of children with diverse disabilities. We assessed PA and sedentary time (ST) of children with disabilities in three school settings (physical education, recess, lunchtime). METHODS: Participants included 259 children from 13 Hong Kong special schools for five primary disabilities: visual impairments, hearing impairments, physical disabilities, intellectual disabilities, and social development problems...
February 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092464/expectations-for-treatment-in-pediatric-weight-management-and-relationship-to-attrition
#8
Erinn T Rhodes, Richard E Boles, Kimberly Chin, Amy Christison, Elizabeth Getzoff Testa, Kimberly Guion, Mary Jane Hawkins, Carter R Petty, Bethany Sallinen Gaffka, Melissa Santos, Laura Shaffer, Jared Tucker, Sarah E Hampl
BACKGROUND: Attrition in pediatric weight management negatively impacts treatment outcomes. A potentially modifiable contributor to attrition is unmet family expectations. This study aimed to evaluate the association between adolescent and parent/guardian treatment expectations and attrition. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective, nonrandomized, uncontrolled, single-arm pilot trial was conducted among 12 pediatric weight management programs in the Children's Hospital Association's FOCUS on a Fitter Future collaborative...
January 16, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092296/qualitative-analysis-of-parental-observations-on-quality-of-life-in-australian-children-with-down-syndrome
#9
Nada Murphy, Amy Epstein, Helen Leonard, Elise Davis, Dinah Reddihough, Andrew Whitehouse, Peter Jacoby, Jenny Bourke, Katrina Williams, Jenny Downs
OBJECTIVE: There are many challenges to health, functioning, and participation for children with Down syndrome; yet, the quality-of-life (QOL) domains important for this group have never been clearly articulated. This study investigated parental observations to identify QOL domains in children with Down syndrome and determined whether domains differed between children and adolescents. METHODS: The sample comprised 17 families whose child with Down syndrome was aged 6 to 18 years...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092092/domains-of-daily-physical-activity-in-children-with-mitochondrial-disease-a-3d-accelerometry-approach
#10
Saskia Koene, Ilse Dirks, Esmee van Mierlo, Pascal R de Vries, Anjo J W M Janssen, Jan A M Smeitink, Arjen Bergsma, Hans Essers, Kenneth Meijer, Imelda J M de Groot
Feasible, sensitive and clinically relevant outcome measures are of extreme importance when designing clinical trials. For paediatric mitochondrial disease, no robust end point has been described to date. The aim of this study was to select the domains of daily physical activity, which can be measured by 3D accelerometry, that could serve as sensitive end points in future clinical trials in children with mitochondrial disorders.In this exploratory observational study, 17 patients with mitochondrial disease and 16 age- and sex-matched controls wore 3D accelerometers at the upper leg, upper arm, lower arm and chest during one weekend...
January 17, 2017: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092060/parenting-self-efficacy-parent-depression-and-healthy-childhood-behaviors-in-a-low-income-minority-population-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#11
William J Heerman, Julie Lounds Taylor, Kenneth A Wallston, Shari L Barkin
Objectives Childhood obesity prevention and treatment depends, in part, on parents acting as agents of change for their children. Our objective was to measure the associations between parenting self-efficacy, parent depressive symptoms, and preschool child behaviors that support healthy growth. Methods We performed a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a randomized controlled trial. Parenting self-efficacy was measured using a 5-item version of the Parenting Sense of Competence (PSOC-5) scale (α= 0...
January 13, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091358/a-survey-of-exercise-advice-and-recommendations-in-united-kingdom-paediatric-cardiac-clinics
#12
Craig A Williams, Lucy Gowing, Richard Horn, Alan Graham Stuart
BACKGROUND: Physical activity and exercise have important health benefits for children and adolescents with CHD. The objective of this study was to survey the provision of advice and recommendations in United Kingdom paediatric CHD clinics. METHODS: A three-page questionnaire was sent out to paediatric cardiac consultants in the United Kingdom, paediatric consultants with expertise in cardiology, and nursing staff (Paediatricians with Expertise in Cardiology Special Interest Group), as well as all members of the British Congenital Cardiovascular Association...
January 16, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088898/metabolomic-shifts-following-play-based-activity-in-overweight-preadolescents
#13
Marco Meucci, Carlo Baldari, Laura Guidetti, Jessica Renee Alley, Caorl Cook, Collier Robert Scott
BACKGROUND: Play-based activities can be a positive intervention to increase participation of overweight children. Metabolomics can reveal elemental shifts in the metabolome, lending potential mechanistic explanations behind improvements in physiological systems. OBJECTIVES: To elucidate dose-response urinary metabolomic signature shifts in overweight preadolescents following four or eight weeks of supervised play-based activity versus a typical summer break control group...
January 13, 2017: Current Pediatric Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088514/assessing-the-feasibility-acceptability-and-potential-effectiveness-of-an-integrated-approach-to-smoking-cessation-for-new-and-expectant-fathers-the-dads-in-gear-study-protocol
#14
Joan L Bottorff, John L Oliffe, Gayl Sarbit, Cristina Caperchione, Marianne Clark, Anima Anand, Kym Howay
BACKGROUND: Evidence related to the effects of tobacco exposure in pregnancy and on infant and child health have focused on women's smoking cessation. Less often addressed is men's smoking, which when continued in fatherhood, reduces the chances of female partners' cessation and can negatively impact children's health as well as men's health. Dads in Gear (DIG) is an innovative program designed specifically for new fathers who want to reduce and quit smoking that includes three components: smoking cessation, fathering, and physical activity...
January 11, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088203/a-3-arm-randomised-controlled-trial-of-communicating-healthy-beginnings-advice-by-telephone-chat-to-mothers-with-infants-to-prevent-childhood-obesity
#15
Li Ming Wen, Chris Rissel, Louise A Baur, Alison J Hayes, Huilan Xu, Anna Whelan, Myna Hua, Miranda Shaw, Philayrath Phongsavan
BACKGROUND: With an increasing prevalence of obesity in young children globally, there is an urgent need for the development of effective early interventions. A previous Healthy Beginnings Trial using a nurse-led home visiting program has demonstrated that providing mothers with evidence-based advice can improve maternal practice regarding obesity prevention, and can reduce Body Mass Index (BMI) in the first few years of life. However, the costs for scale-up of home visiting limit its population reach...
January 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087466/-monkey-see-monkey-do-peers-behaviors-predict-preschoolers-physical-activity-and-dietary-intake-in-childcare-centers
#16
Stéphanie Ward, Mathieu Bélanger, Denise Donovan, Jonathan Boudreau, Hassan Vatanparast, Nazeem Muhajarine, Anne Leis, M Louise Humbert, Natalie Carrier
Preschoolers observe and imitate the behaviors of those who are similar to them. Therefore, peers may be role models for preschoolers' dietary intake and physical activity in childcare centers. This study examined whether peers' behaviors predict change in preschoolers' dietary intake and physical activity in childcare centers over 9months. A total of 238 preschoolers (3 to 5years old) from 23 childcare centers in two Canadian provinces provided data at the beginning (October 2013 and 2014) and the end (June 2014 and 2015) of a 9-month period for this longitudinal study...
January 10, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086843/evaluation-of-the-good-start-program-a-healthy-eating-and-physical-activity-intervention-for-maori-and-pacific-islander-children-living-in-queensland-australia
#17
Seema Mihrshahi, Lisa Vaughan, Nicola Fa'avale, Shreenika De Silva Weliange, Inez Manu-Sione, Lisa Schubert
BACKGROUND: Reducing the prevalence of obesity and chronic disease are important priorities. Maori and Pacific Islander communities living in Australia have higher rates of obesity and chronic disease than the wider Australian population. This study aims to assess the effectiveness of the Good Start program, which aims to improve knowledge, attitudes and practices related to healthy eating and physical activity amongst Maori and Pacific Islander communities living in Queensland. METHODS: The intervention was delivered to children aged 6-19 years (N = 375) in schools by multicultural health workers...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081251/physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviors-modify-the-association-between-melanocortin-4-receptor-gene-variant-and-obesity-in-chinese-children-and-adolescents
#18
Jie-Yun Song, Qi-Ying Song, Shuo Wang, Jun Ma, Hai-Jun Wang
Effects of MC4R variants in previous Chinese population studies were inconsistent. Gene-environment interactions might influence the effect of MC4R variants on obesity, which was still unclear. We performed the study to clarify the association of variants near MC4R gene with obesity-related phenotypes and gene-environment interactions in Chinese children and adolescents. Two common variants (rs12970134 and rs17782313) near MC4R were genotyped in 2179 children and adolescents aged 7-18 years in Beijing of China...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077375/body-composition-diet-and-physical-activity-a-longitudinal-cohort-study-in-preschoolers-with-cerebral-palsy
#19
Stina Oftedal, Peter Sw Davies, Roslyn N Boyd, Richard D Stevenson, Robert S Ware, Piyapa Keawutan, Katherine A Benfer, Kristie L Bell
BACKGROUND: Altered body composition in children with cerebral palsy (CP) could be due to differences in energy intake, habitual physical activity (HPA), and sedentary time. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the longitudinal relation between the weight-for-age z score (WZ), fat-free mass (FFM), percentage of body fat (%BF), and modifiable lifestyle factors for all Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) levels (I-V). DESIGN: The study was a longitudinal population-based cohort study of children with CP who were aged 18-60 mo (364 assessments in 161 children; boys: 61%; mean ± SD recruitment age: 2...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076736/australian-institute-of-sport-and-australian-medical-association-position-statement-on-concussion-in-sport
#20
Lisa J Elkington, David C Hughes
Sport-related concussion is a growing health concern in Australia. Public concern is focused on the incidence and potential long term consequences of concussion. Children may be more prone to concussion and take longer to recover. The Australian Institute of Sport and the Australian Medical Association have collaborated to present the most contemporary evidence-based information in a format appropriate for all stakeholders. This position statement aims to ensure that participant safety and welfare is paramount when dealing with concussion in sport...
January 16, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
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