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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351518/-i-m-still-dad-the-impact-of-scleroderma-on-being-a-father
#1
Janet L Poole, Donna Haygood, Cindy Mendelson
The purpose of this study was to describe the experiences of fathers with scleroderma. Ten fathers with scleroderma were interviewed by telephone. Interviews were tape-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Two key themes emerged related to the emotional impact of the illness and the day to day realities of the illness with the unpredictability and rareness of the illness leading to ongoing feelings of isolation and fear of mortality. The negative influences of being a father with scleroderma included the inability of the fathers to participate in physical activities with their children such as outdoor sports and throwing balls...
January 2018: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351286/socio-economic-determinants-of-physical-activity-across-the-life-course-a-determinants-of-diet-and-physical-activity-dedipac-umbrella-literature-review
#2
Grainne O'Donoghue, Aileen Kennedy, Anna Puggina, Katina Aleksovska, Christoph Buck, Con Burns, Greet Cardon, Angela Carlin, Donatella Ciarapica, Marco Colotto, Giancarlo Condello, Tara Coppinger, Cristina Cortis, Sara D'Haese, Marieke De Craemer, Andrea Di Blasio, Sylvia Hansen, Licia Iacoviello, Johann Issartel, Pascal Izzicupo, Lina Jaeschke, Martina Kanning, Fiona Ling, Agnes Luzak, Giorgio Napolitano, Julie-Anne Nazare, Camille Perchoux, Caterina Pesce, Tobias Pischon, Angela Polito, Alessandra Sannella, Holger Schulz, Chantal Simon, Rhoda Sohun, Astrid Steinbrecher, Wolfgang Schlicht, Ciaran MacDonncha, Laura Capranica, Stefania Boccia
BACKGROUND: To date, the scientific literature on socioeconomic correlates and determinants of physical activity behaviours has been dispersed throughout a number of systematic reviews, often focusing on one factor (e.g. education or parental income) in one specific age group (e.g. pre-school children or adults). The aim of this umbrella review is to provide a comprehensive and systematic overview of the scientific literature from previously conducted research by summarising and synthesising the importance and strength of the evidence related to socioeconomic correlates and determinants of PA behaviours across the life course...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349276/examining-individual-interpersonal-and-environmental-influences-on-children-s-physical-activity-levels
#3
Piotr Wilk, Andrew F Clark, Alana Maltby, Christine Smith, Patricia Tucker, Jason A Gilliland
The purpose of this study was to explore individual-level socio-demographic factors and interpersonal-level factors related to social support, as well as the potential role of neighborhood and school environments that may influence the physical activity (PA) levels of children (ages 9-11). Child and parent questionnaires included individual and interpersonal factors, and PA behaviour. Home postal codes were used to determine the neighbourhood the child resides within, as well as their geographic accessibility to recreation opportunities...
April 2018: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349255/gender-specific-associations-between-involvement-in-team-sport-culture-and-canadian-adolescents-substance-use-behavior
#4
Randy Boyes, Dylan E O'Sullivan, Brooke Linden, Michael McIsaac, William Pickett
Canadian adolescents have some of the highest rates of substance use in the world. The etiology of this phenomenon has not been fully explored, and one possible contextual determinant is involvement in sport activities that foster risk-taking behaviors through physical and social mechanisms. Using the 2013-14 Health Behaviour in School Aged Children (HBSC) study we therefore examined this hypothesis in a contemporary national sample of Canadian adolescents. The strength and direction of the relationship between sport and substance use varied by gender and substance, with team sport participation associated with increased binge drinking (RR 1...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349204/validity-of-a-scale-of-neighbourhood-informal-social-control-relevant-to-pre-schoolers-physical-activity-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Ester Cerin, Yi Nam Suen, Anthony Barnett, Wendy Y J Huang, Robin R Mellecker
Childhood physical activity (PA) is important for health across the lifespan. Time pre-schoolers spend outdoors, which has been associated with more PA, is likely influenced by parents' perception of neighbourhood informal social control relevant to pre-schoolers' PA, defined as the willingness of neighbours to intervene to ensure social order and a safe community environment for young children's active play. To advance measurement of this construct, we assessed factorial and construct validities of the PA-related neighbourhood informal social control scale for parents of pre-schoolers (PANISC-PP)...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346159/making-a-case-for-cardiorespiratory-fitness-surveillance-among-children-and-youth
#6
Justin J Lang, Grant R Tomkinson, Ian Janssen, Jonatan R Ruiz, Francisco B Ortega, Luc Léger, Mark S Tremblay
We review the evidence that supports cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) as an important indicator of current and future health among school-aged children and youth, independent of physical activity levels. We discuss the merit of CRF measurement for population health surveillance and propose the development of CRF guidelines to help support regional, national, and international surveillance efforts.
January 15, 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344033/investigating-the-prevalence-of-low-bone-mass-in-children-of-southern-iran-and-its-associated-factors
#7
Forough Saki, Gholamhossein Ranjbar Omrani, Marjan Jeddi, Marzie Bakhshaieshkaram, Mohammad Hossein Dabbaghmanesh
Background: Improving peak bone mass and bone strength in the first years of life and enhancing it during young adulthood could prevent osteoporosis and fractures in the last years of life. We evaluated the prevalence of low bone mass in the lumbar and femoral neck and its associated factors in southern Iranian children. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study on healthy Iranian children aged 9 - 18 years old during 2011 - 2012. Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) was used for measuring bone mineral density (BMD)...
October 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338953/violent-crime-and-park-use-in-low-income-urban-neighborhoods
#8
Bing Han, Deborah A Cohen, Kathryn P Derose, Jiang Li, Stephanie Williamson
INTRODUCTION: Crime and safety are often cited as potential hurdles to park use and park-based physical activity. Using comprehensive data sources including both objective and subjective measurements at the park level and the individual level, this study aimed to assess the association between crime rates and use of local parks in low-income urban neighborhoods. METHODS: The authors observed 48 parks and conducted local resident surveys in low-income neighborhoods in Los Angeles during a 2-year study period (2013-2015)...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338295/a-scoping-review-of-inclusive-out-of-school-time-physical-activity-programs-for-children-and-youth-with-physical-disabilities
#9
Kelly P Arbour-Nicitopoulos, Viviane Grassmann, Krystn Orr, Amy C McPherson, Guy E Faulkner, F Virginia Wright
The objective of this study was to comprehensively evaluate inclusive out-of-school time physical activity programs for children/youth with physical disabilities. A search of the published literature was conducted and augmented by international expertise. A quality appraisal was conducted; only studies with quality ratings ≥60% informed our best practice recommendations. Seventeen studies were included using qualitative (n = 9), quantitative (n = 5), or mixed (n = 3) designs. Programs had a diversity of age groups, group sizes, and durations...
January 17, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338123/choroidal-thickness-and-myopia-in-relation-to-physical-activity-the-champs-eye-study
#10
Kristian Lundberg, Anders Højslet Vestergaard, Nina Jacobsen, Anne Suhr Thykjaer, Rasmus Søgaard Hansen, Ernst Goldschmidt, Tunde Peto, Ulrich Halekoh, Niels Wedderkopp, Jakob Grauslund
PURPOSE: To describe the relationship between choroidal thickness (CT) and myopia in relation to physical activity (PA) in a population-based child cohort. METHODS: In a prospective study of 307 children from the CHAMPS Study Denmark, we used objective data from GT3X accelerometer worn at four periods between 2009 and 2015 to determine the amount and intensity of PA. Intensity was estimated as counts/minutes, and cut-off points were defined at four intensity levels...
January 16, 2018: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335906/the-health-behaviors-of-ethnically-diverse-women-at-increased-risk-of-gestational-diabetes-the-behaviors-affecting-baby-and-you-b-a-b-y-study
#11
Carrie J Nobles, Bess H Marcus, Edward J Stanek, Barry Braun, Brian W Whitcomb, JoAnn E Manson, Glenn Markenson, Lisa Chasan-Taber
Objectives Cigarette smoking, low physical activity, and sedentary behavior are modifiable risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes. However, only one study has evaluated predictors of these health risk behaviors among women at high risk for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Therefore, our goal was to examine predictors of smoking, low physical activity, and sedentary behavior during pregnancy in an ethnically diverse high risk cohort. Methods This cross-sectional analysis utilized baseline data from the Behaviors Affecting Baby and You (B...
January 15, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334983/an-individually-tailored-family-centered-intervention-for-pediatric-obesity-in-primary-care-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-type-ii-hybrid-effectiveness-implementation-trial-raising-healthy-children-study
#12
Justin D Smith, Cady Berkel, Neil Jordan, David C Atkins, Shrikanth S Narayanan, Carlos Gallo, Kevin J Grimm, Thomas J Dishion, Anne M Mauricio, Jenna Rudo-Stern, Mariah K Meachum, Emily Winslow, Meg M Bruening
BACKGROUND: Pediatric obesity is a multi-faceted public health concern that can lead to cardiovascular diseases, cancers, and early mortality. Small changes in diet, physical activity, or BMI can significantly reduce the possibility of developing cardiometabolic risk factors. Family-based behavioral interventions are an underutilized, evidence-based approach that have been found to significantly prevent excess weight gain and obesity in children and adolescents. Poor program availability, low participation rates, and non-adherence are noted barriers to positive outcomes...
January 15, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333996/energy-expenditure-and-intensity-of-active-video-games-in-children-and-adolescents
#13
Karina L R Canabrava, Fernanda R Faria, Jorge R P de Lima, Dartagnan P Guedes, Paulo R S Amorim
PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare the energy expenditure and intensity of active video games to that of treadmill walking in children and adolescents. METHOD: Seventy-two boys and girls (aged 8-13 years) were recruited from local public schools. Energy expenditure and heart rate were measured during rest, during 3-km/hr, 4-km/hr, and 5-km/hr walks, and during active games (Adventure, Boxing I, Boxing II, and Dance). During walking and active games, we also assessed physical activity using an accelerometer...
January 15, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333648/physical-and-social-contexts-of-physical-activity-behaviors-of-fifth-and-seventh-grade-youth
#14
Ruth P Saunders, Marsha Dowda, Kerry Mciver, Samantha M McDonald, Russell R Pate
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to characterize the temporal, social, and physical contexts for physical activities commonly reported in a diverse cohort of 753 boys and girls from fifth to seventh grade. METHODS: Data were obtained from a multilevel longitudinal study, the Transitions and Activity Changes in Kids. The Physical Activity Choices instrument assessed previous 5-day participation in specific physical activities and their temporal, social, and physical contexts...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333647/effect-of-sleep-duration-diet-and-physical-activity-on-obesity-and-overweight-elementary-school-students-in-shanghai
#15
Jing Zhang, YunTing Zhang, YanRui Jiang, WanQi Sun, Qi Zhu, Patrick Ip, DongLan Zhang, ShiJian Liu, Chang Chen, Jie Chen, Lei Zhang, Hao Zhang, MingYu Tang, WenFang Dong, YuFeng Wu, Yong Yin, Fan Jiang
BACKGROUND: This was a cross-sectional survey to investigate the relationship of age, parent education, sleep duration, physical activity, and dietary habits with overweight or obesity in school-age children in Shanghai. METHODS: The survey gathered information from 13,001 children in grades 1 through 5 (age 6 to 10 years) among 26 elementary schools in 7 districts. Activity level was evaluated using the International Children's Leisure Activities Study Survey Questionnaire (CLASS-C)...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333645/how-healthy-is-homeschool-an-analysis-of-body-composition-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk
#16
Laura S Kabiri, Katy Mitchell, Wayne Brewer, Alexis Ortiz
BACKGROUND: Public school children regularly participate in school-based physical activity, physical education, and fitness testing. However, almost 2 million American children are homeschooled. The purpose of this research was to assess the body composition of elementary school-aged homeschool children and their corresponding cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. METHODS: This research explored the body composition and CVD risk of 145 homeschool children aged 5-11 years using body mass index (BMI), percent body fat, and waist circumference...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332685/sleep-patterns-in-children-differ-by-ethnicity-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-analyses-using-actigraphy
#17
Tevita F W Vaipuna, Sheila M Williams, Victoria L Farmer, Kim A Meredith-Jones, Rosalina Richards, Barbara C Galland, Lisa Te Morenga, Rachael W Taylor
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether sleep patterns (duration, timing, efficiency) differ by ethnicity. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. SETTING: Dunedin, New Zealand. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 939 children (48% male) aged 4-12 years (572 European, 181 Māori, 111 Pacific, 75 Asian). MEASUREMENTS: All measurements were obtained at months 0, 12, and 24. Anthropometry was obtained using standard techniques, and parents completed questionnaires assessing demographics, dietary intake, and television habits of children...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331628/getting-into-the-swing-of-things-an-investigation-into-rhythmic-unimanual-coordination-in-typically-developing-children
#18
David Gaul, Johann Issartel
Unimanual coordination is a vital component of everyday life and underpins successful engagement of many activities of daily living and physical activity participation. The ability to coordinate with environmental stimuli has been extensively studied in adults in a variety of situations. However, we know little about these processes in children and even less about how these processes change as age increases. This paper examines children's performance in a rhythmic unimanual coordination task using a handheld pendulum...
January 10, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331404/reliability-and-validity-of-the-adapted-resistance-training-skills-battery-for-children
#19
Bonnie J Furzer, Marc D Bebich-Philip, Kemi E Wright, Siobhan L Reid, Ashleigh L Thornton
OBJECTIVES: Resistance training (RT) is emerging as a training modality to improve motor function and facilitate physical activity participation in children across the motor proficiency spectrum. Although RT competency assessments have been established and validated among adolescent cohorts, the extent to which these methods are suitable for assessing children's RT skills is unknown. This project aimed to assess the psychometric properties of the adapted Resistance Training Skills Battery for Children (RTSBc), in children with varying motor proficiency...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329670/motor-skill-interventions-in-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Jane J Yu, Cindy H P Sit, Angus F Burnett
OBJECTIVES: To determine the characteristics and effectiveness of motor skill interventions in children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) and to identify potential moderators of training effects using meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: A search was conducted in six databases (CINAHL Plus, Cochrane Library, Embase, Eric, PsycInfo, and PubMed) for papers published between 1995 and August 2017 using search items which were grouped in three components (motor skill interventions, DCD, and age group of interest)...
January 9, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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