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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214251/children-s-moderate-to-vigorous-physical-activity-attending-summer-day-camps
#1
Keith Brazendale, Michael W Beets, R Glenn Weaver, Jessica L Chandler, Allison B Randel, Gabrielle M Turner-McGrievy, Justin B Moore, Jennifer L Huberty, Dianne S Ward
INTRODUCTION: National physical activity standards call for all children to accumulate 60 minutes/day of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA). The contribution of summer day camps toward meeting this benchmark is largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to provide estimates of children's MVPA during summer day camps. METHODS: Children (n=1,061, 78% enrollment; mean age, 7.8 years; 46% female; 65% African American; 48% normal weight) from 20 summer day camps wore ActiGraph GT3x+ accelerometers on the wrist during camp hours for up to 4 non-consecutive days over the summer of 2015 (July)...
February 14, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213755/pedagogical-approaches-to-and-effects-of-fundamental-movement-skill-interventions-on-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Claire Tompsett, Ross Sanders, Caitlin Taylor, Stephen Cobley
BACKGROUND: Fundamental movement skills (FMS) are assumed to be the basic prerequisite motor movements underpinning coordination of more integrated and advanced movement capabilities. FMS development and interventions have been associated with several beneficial health outcomes in individual studies. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this review was to identify FMS intervention characteristics that could be optimised to attain beneficial outcomes in children and adolescents, while the secondary aim was to update the evidence as to the efficacy of FMS interventions on physiological, psychological and behavioural health outcomes...
February 18, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210529/awareness-of-gestational-diabetes-and-its-risk-factors-among-pregnant-women-in-samoa
#3
Lucy Anne Price, Lauren Jade Lock, Lucy Elizabeth Archer, Zubair Ahmed
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a subtype of diabetes mellitus defined as the development, or first recognition, of glucose intolerance during pregnancy. The risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is greater in mothers with GDM compared to the general population. Preventing the development of GDM could help lower the prevalence of T2DM and long-term morbidity in children of affected mothers. The purpose of this study was to investigate the awareness of GDM and its risk factors among pregnant women in Samoa, exploring where participants obtained information, and understanding their attitudes towards diet and physical activity...
February 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208968/school-based-multicomponent-intervention-for-obese-children-in-udupi-district-south-india-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Baby S Nayak, Vinod H Bhat
INTRODUCTION: Childhood obesity and overweight is a global epidemics and has been increasing in the developing countries. Childhood obesity is linked with increased mortality and morbidity independent of adult obesity. Declining physical activity, access to junk food and parenting style are the major determinants of overweight in children. Thus, there is a need for increasing the physical activity of children, educating the parents as well as the children on lifestyle modification. This can be achieved through implementation of multicomponent intervention...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208839/interventions-for-preventing-childhood-obesity-with-smartphones-and-wearable-device-a-protocol-for-a-non-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Hye Jung Yang, Jae-Heon Kang, Ok Hyun Kim, Mona Choi, Myungju Oh, Jihyun Nam, Eunju Sung
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is a critical health issue, both currently and for the foreseeable future. To prevent obesity, behavior changes are essential. Smartphones can be a good tool, as the number of child smartphone users is rapidly increasing. We have developed a mobile platform system named "HAPPY ME," which is a smartphone application coupled with a wearable device, designed to improve healthy behaviors to prevent childhood obesity. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of obesity prevention among children 10-12 years of age using HAPPY ME...
February 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207976/does-increased-physical-activity-in-school-affect-children-s-executive-function-and-aerobic-fitness
#6
Silje Eikanger Kvalø, Edvin Bru, Kolbjørn Brønnick, Sindre M Dyrstad
This study seeks to explore if increased PA in school affects children's executive function and aerobic fitness. The "Active school" study was a 10-month randomized controlled trial. The sample included 449 children (10-11 years old) in five intervention and four control schools. The weekly interventions were 2x45 min physically active academic lessons, 5x10 min physically active breaks and 5x10 min physically active homework. Aerobic fitness was measured using a 10-min interval running test. Executive function was tested using four cognitive tests (Stroop, verbal fluency, digit span and Trail Making)...
February 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207820/objectively-measured-versus-self-reported-physical-activity-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cancer
#7
Miriam Götte, Corinna Caroline Seidel, Sabine Verena Kesting, Dieter Rosenbaum, Joachim Boos
OBJECTIVE: Existing research recognizes low levels of physical activity in pediatric patients with cancer, but much uncertainty exists about their capability to self-reflect physical activity levels. The objective of this study was to compare results of subjective self-reports and objective accelerometers regarding levels of daily walking as well as moderate-to-vigorous physical activities. METHODS: Results of the objective assessment tool StepWatchTM Activity Monitor and self-reporting with a standardized questionnaire were compared in 28 children and adolescents during cancer treatment...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199795/is-adherence-to-the-canadian-24-hour-movement-behaviour-guidelines-for-school-aged-children-and-youth-associated-with-improved-indicators-of-physical-mental-and-social-health
#8
Ian Janssen, Karen C Roberts, Wendy Thompson
The Canadian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for Children and Youth were released in 2016. These guidelines contained recommendations for moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, screen time, and sleep duration. The objectives of this study were to determine: 1) whether achieving the individual recommendations and combinations of the recommendations within the guidelines is associated with indicators of physical, mental, and social health within children and youth; 2) whether meeting the recommendation for a specific movement behaviour is associated with larger differences in physical, mental, and social health indicators by comparison to meeting the recommendations for the other specific movement behaviours; and 3) whether physical, mental, and social health indicators differ according to different combinations of the guideline recommendations achieved...
February 15, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195411/family-centered-positive-behavior-support-interventions-in-early-childhood-to-prevent-obesity
#9
Justin D Smith, Sara M St George, Guillermo Prado
Positive behavior support (PBS) strategies in early childhood, which include proactively structuring environments to support and positively reinforce healthy dietary and physical activity behaviors, are critical for preventing pediatric obesity, particularly among low-income, ethnic minority children. Existing evidence-based family-centered preventive interventions effectively impact parents' use of PBS strategies. Enhancing these programs to more directly target the key mechanisms of change specific to promoting children's healthy lifestyle behaviors could serve as the foundation for the next generation of effective protocols for preventing pediatric obesity...
February 13, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194417/developing-intervention-strategies-to-optimise-body-composition-in-early-childhood-in-south-africa
#10
MULTICENTER STUDY
Catherine E Draper, Simone A Tomaz, Matthew Stone, Trina Hinkley, Rachel A Jones, Johann Louw, Rhian Twine, Kathleen Kahn, Shane A Norris
Purpose. The purpose of this research was to collect data to inform intervention strategies to optimise body composition in South African preschool children. Methods. Data were collected in urban and rural settings. Weight status, physical activity, and gross motor skill assessments were conducted with 341 3-6-year-old children, and 55 teachers and parents/caregivers participated in focus groups. Results. Overweight and obesity were a concern in low-income urban settings (14%), but levels of physical activity and gross motor skills were adequate across all settings...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193490/physical-activity-and-academic-achievement-across-the-curriculum-results-from-a-3-year-cluster-randomized-trial
#11
Joseph E Donnelly, Charles H Hillman, Jerry L Greene, David M Hansen, Cheryl A Gibson, Debra K Sullivan, John Poggio, Matthew S Mayo, Kate Lambourne, Amanda N Szabo-Reed, Stephen D Herrmann, Jeffery J Honas, Mark R Scudder, Jessica L Betts, Katherine Henley, Suzanne L Hunt, Richard A Washburn
We compared changes in academic achievement across 3years between children in elementary schools receiving the Academic Achievement and Physical Activity Across the Curriculum intervention (A+PAAC), in which classroom teachers were trained to deliver academic lessons using moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) compared to a non-intervention control. Elementary schools in eastern Kansas (n=17) were cluster randomized to A+PAAC (N=9, target ≥100min/week) or control (N=8). Academic achievement (math, reading, spelling) was assessed using the Wechsler Individual Achievement Test-Third Edition (WIAT-III) in a sample of children (A+PAAC=316, Control=268) in grades 2 and 3 at baseline (Fall 2011) and repeated each spring across 3years...
February 10, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193271/demographic-correlates-of-screen-time-and-objectively-measured-sedentary-time-and-physical-activity-among-toddlers-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Valerie Carson, Nicholas Kuzik
BACKGROUND: Determining the most important demographic correlates of sedentary behavior and physical activity will help identify the groups of children that are most in need of intervention. Little is known in regards to the demographic correlates of sedentary behavior and physical activity in toddlers (aged 12-35 months), where long-term behavioral patterns may initially be formed. Therefore, the objective of this study was to examine the associations between demographic correlates and specific types of sedentary behavior and physical activity in this age group...
February 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193204/development-of-a-wheelchair-mobility-skills-test-for-children-and-adolescents-combining-evidence-with-clinical-expertise
#13
Marleen Elisabeth Sol, Olaf Verschuren, Laura de Groot, Janke Frederike de Groot
BACKGROUND: Wheelchair mobility skills (WMS) training is regarded by children using a manual wheelchair and their parents as an important factor to improve participation and daily physical activity. Currently, there is no outcome measure available for the evaluation of WMS in children. Several wheelchair mobility outcome measures have been developed for adults, but none of these have been validated in children. Therefore the objective of this study is to develop a WMS outcome measure for children using the current knowledge from literature in combination with the clinical expertise of health care professionals, children and their parents...
February 13, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190797/endothelial-function-in-children-and-adolescents-is-mainly-influenced-by-age-sex-and-physical-activity%C3%A3-an-analysis-of-reactive-hyperemic-peripheral-artery-tonometry
#14
Ulrike M Mueller, Claudia Walther, Jennifer Adam, Kati Fikenzer, Sandra Erbs, Meinhard Mende, Volker Adams, Axel Linke, Gerhard Schuler
BACKGROUND: As adolescents rarely experience cardiovascular events, surrogate markers of atherosclerosis are useful to justify and monitor effects of primary prevention and therapy of risk factors. Endothelial function assessed by reactive hyperemic peripheral arterial tonometry (RH-PAT) resulting in a reactive hyperemic index (RHI) is a noninvasive method with limited data for use in children and adolescents.Methods and Results:We performed a total of 931 RHI measurements in 445 high-school students, aged 10-17 years, over a time period of 5 years...
February 11, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190558/antegrade-continence-enemas-improve-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-medically-refractory-encopresis
#15
Joseph T Church, Sidd Simha, Laurie C Wild, Daniel H Teitelbaum, Peter F Ehrlich
PURPOSE: Fecal incontinence is a socially debilitating problem for many children. We hypothesized that in selected patients with medically-refractory encopresis, placement of an appendicostomy or cecostomy tube for administration of antegrade continence enemas (ACE) would improve quality of life (QOL). METHODS: We reviewed all patients with encopresis who underwent appendicostomy or cecostomy placement from 2003 to 2014 at our institution. We contacted subjects' parents by phone and administered 3 surveys: a survey reflecting current stooling habits, a disease-specific QOL survey, and the PedsQL™ QOL survey...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187726/results-and-lessons-learned-from-a-prevention-of-weight-gain-program-for-low-income-overweight-and-obese-young-mothers-mothers-in-motion
#16
Mei-Wei Chang, Roger Brown, Susan Nitzke
BACKGROUND: Mothers In Motion (MIM), a community-based lifestyle behavioral intervention, was designed and conducted to help low-income overweight and obese young mothers prevent further weight gain via promotion of stress management, healthy eating, and physical activity. This paper presents intervention effect on body weight (primary outcome) and summarizes lessons learned. METHODS: Participants (N = 612) were recruited from 7 Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) offices in Michigan and were individually randomized to an intervention n= 410) or a comparison (n =202) group (2: 1 ratio)...
February 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187693/parents-experiences-of-participation-in-physical-activities-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-protecting-and-pushing-towards-independence
#17
Katarina Lauruschkus, Eva Nordmark, Inger Hallström
PURPOSE: To explore how parents of children with cerebral palsy (CP) experience their child's participation in physical activities and to identify facilitators and barriers for being physically active and reducing sedentary behaviour. METHODS: Twenty-five parents of sixteen children, aged 8-11 years old with CP, with varying gross motor, cognitive and communicative functions and with different cultural backgrounds, participated in focus group or individual interviews...
April 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187192/naturally-occurring-changes-in-social-cognitive-factors-modify-change-in-physical-activity-during-early-adolescence
#18
Rod K Dishman, Marsha Dowda, Kerry L McIver, Ruth P Saunders, Russell R Pate
PURPOSE: To determine whether naturally-occurring changes in children's motives and beliefs are associated with the steep decline in physical activity observed from childhood to early adolescence. METHODS: Latent growth modeling was applied in longitudinal tests of social-cognitive influences, and their interactions, on physical activity in a large cohort of boys and girls evaluated annually between 5th and 7th grades. RESULTS: Measurement equivalence of motives and beliefs was confirmed between boys and girls...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187138/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-group-based-gaze-training-intervention-for-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder
#19
Greg Wood, Charlotte A L Miles, Ginny Coyles, Omid Alizadehkhaiyat, Samuel J Vine, Joan N Vickers, Mark R Wilson
: The aim of this study was to integrate a gaze training intervention (i.e., quiet eye training; QET) that has been shown to improve the throwing and catching skill of children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD), within an approach (i.e., group therapy) that might alleviate the negative psychosocial impact of these motor skill deficits. Twenty-one children with DCD were split into either QET (8 male 3 female, mean age of 8.6 years (SD = 1.04) or technical training (TT) groups (7 male 3 female, mean age of 8...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186099/the-effect-of-increasing-risk-and-challenge-in-the-school-playground-on-physical-activity-and-weight-in-children-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-play
#20
V L Farmer, S M Williams, J I Mann, G Schofield, J C McPhee, R W Taylor
BACKGROUND: To investigate whether changing the play environment in primary schools to one that includes greater risk and challenge increases physical activity and reduces body mass index (BMI). SUBJECTS/METHODS: A two-year cluster randomised controlled trial was undertaken in 16 New Zealand schools (Years 1-8). Intervention schools (n=8) redesigned their play environments to encourage imaginative and independent free play by increasing opportunities for risk and challenge (e...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
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