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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749417/modeling-the-effect-of-physical-activity-on-obesity-in-china-evidence-from-the-longitudinal-china-health-and-nutrition-study-1989-2011
#1
Tao Zhang
Although physical activity has been widely recognized as an important influential factor in determining the risk of obesity, the results in the existing literature empirically examining such issue are mixed. Especially for China, relevant studies are rarely found. One aim of this study is to test the direction of effects between obesity and physical activity. It uses longitudinal data to investigate the relationship and causality between physical activity and obesity for both children and adults in China. The longitudinal data and dynamic panel model used here can yield more solid results than the other studies employing cross-sectional data, particularly considering strict endogeneity and self-selection...
July 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748578/exploring-quality-of-life-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy-and-intellectual-disability-what-are-the-important-domains-of-life
#2
E Davis, D Reddihough, N Murphy, A Epstein, S M Reid, A Whitehouse, K Williams, H Leonard, J Downs
BACKGROUND: Although it is estimated that half of all children with cerebral palsy also have comorbid intellectual disability, the domains of quality of life (QOL) important for these children are not well understood. The aim of this study was to identify important domains of QOL for these children and adolescents. METHODS: Due to the children's communication impairments, qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted with 18 parents. The children (9 males) had a median age of 12 (range 7 to 17) years at interview and nearly two thirds were classified as Gross Motor Function Classification System IV or V...
July 26, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747186/understanding-differences-between-summer-vs-school-obesogenic-behaviors-of-children-the-structured-days-hypothesis
#3
Keith Brazendale, Michael W Beets, R Glenn Weaver, Russell R Pate, Gabrielle M Turner-McGrievy, Andrew T Kaczynski, Jessica L Chandler, Amy Bohnert, Paul T von Hippel
BACKGROUND: Although the scientific community has acknowledged modest improvements can be made to weight status and obesogenic behaviors (i.e., physical activity, sedentary/screen time, diet, and sleep) during the school year, studies suggests improvements are erased as elementary-age children are released to summer vacation. Emerging evidence shows children return to school after summer vacation displaying accelerated weight gain compared to the weight gained occurring during the school year...
July 26, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746521/playful-interventions-increase-knowledge-about-healthy-habits-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-children-the-cardiokids-randomized-study
#4
Fátima H Cecchetto, Daniela B Pena, Lucia C Pellanda
Background: Childhood obesity is an important health problem worldwide. In this context, there is a need for the development and evaluation of innovative educational interventions targeting prevention and formation of health habits. Objectives: To ascertain the impact of ludic workshops on children's knowledge, self-care, and body weight. Methods: This was a randomized, clinical study with 79 students aged 7-11 years, conducted from March to November 2012...
July 20, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745334/evaluation-of-the-wrist-worn-actigraph-wgt3x-bt-for-estimating-activity-energy-expenditure-in-preschool-children
#5
C Delisle Nyström, J Pomeroy, P Henriksson, E Forsum, F B Ortega, R Maddison, J H Migueles, M Löf
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Easy-to-use and accurate methods to assess free-living activity energy expenditure (AEE) in preschool children are required. The aims of this study in healthy preschool children were to (a) evaluate the ability of the wrist-worn ActiGraph wGT3x-BT to predict free-living AEE and (b) assess wear compliance using a 7-day, 24-h protocol. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Participants were 40 Swedish children (5.5±0.2 years) in the Mobile-based intervention intended to stop obesity in preschoolers (MINISTOP) obesity prevention trial...
July 26, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742946/the-association-between-obesity-and-academic-performance-in-youth-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
C C A Santana, J O Hill, L B Azevedo, T Gunnarsdottir, W L Prado
Previous studies have found that obesity could influence academic performance. The aim of this study was to systematically review the scientific evidence on the association between obesity and academic performance in school children. A systematic review of English articles was undertaken by using databases PubMed/Medline, ERIC, LILACS, SciELO and Web of Science. Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies examining the association between obesity and academic performance in children and adolescents, published between January 1990 and December 2016, were included...
July 25, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742603/strengths-limitations-and-geographical-discrepancies-in-the-eligibility-criteria-for-sport-participation-in-young-patients-with-congenital-heart-disease
#7
Massimiliano Cantinotti, Raffaele Giordano, Nadia Assanta, Bruno Murzi, Manuel Melo, Eliana Franchi, Maura Crocetti, Giorgio Iervasi, Shelby Kutty
OBJECTIVE: Benefits of physical activity has been shown in children with congenital heart disease (CHD). In several forms of CHD, the risk of sudden death remains a major concern both for parents and clinicians, who in turn will have to consider the risk-benefit ratio of sport participation versus restriction. DATA SOURCE: A literature search was performed within the National Library of Medicine using the keywords: Sport, CHD, and Eligibility. The search was further refined by adding the keywords: Children, Adult, and Criteria...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742426/educating-students-for-a-lifetime-of-physical-activity-enhancing-mindfulness-motivation-and-meaning
#8
Catherine D Ennis
For many years, pedagogical scholars and physical education (PE) teachers have worked to enhance effective teaching and learning environments. Yet for some children, youth, and young adults, many of the benefits associated with a physically active lifestyle remain elusive. Enhancing programming and performance to meet physical activity goals may require moving programs beyond "effective." It will require teachers and program leaders to focus programmatic attention on strategies to actually increase students' out-of-class physical activity behavior...
July 25, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742239/a-scoping-review-of-skills-and-tools-oral-health-professionals-need-to-engage-children-and-parents-in-dietary-changes-to-prevent-childhood-obesity-and-consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#9
Lisa F Mallonee, Linda D Boyd, Cynthia Stegeman
OBJECTIVES: Increased consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) has been linked to obesity. Obesity now affects one in six children in the United States. The purpose of this scoping review is to identify and review published studies that discuss skills and tools oral health professionals can use with children (under age 12) and their parents to encourage dietary changes to aid in preventing childhood obesity and reducing consumption of SSBs. METHODS: Key search terms were identified and used to examine selected databases via PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741907/nutrition-status-of-children-in-latin-america
#10
C Corvalán, M L Garmendia, J Jones-Smith, C K Lutter, J J Miranda, L S Pedraza, B M Popkin, M Ramirez-Zea, D Salvo, A D Stein
The prevalence of overweight and obesity is rapidly increasing among Latin American children, posing challenges for current healthcare systems and increasing the risk for a wide range of diseases. To understand the factors contributing to childhood obesity in Latin America, this paper reviews the current nutrition status and physical activity situation, the disparities between and within countries and the potential challenges for ensuring adequate nutrition and physical activity. Across the region, children face a dual burden of undernutrition and excess weight...
July 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739536/time2bhealthy-an-online-childhood-obesity-prevention-program-for-preschool-aged-children-a-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol
#11
Megan L Hammersley, Rachel A Jones, Anthony D Okely
BACKGROUND: The use of parent-focused internet-based programs for the prevention and treatment of childhood obesity has shown promise but there is an acknowledged gap in parent-focused interventions which target the early childhood stage. METHODS: The aim of this study is to determine the efficacy of Time2bHealthy - an online healthy lifestyle program for parents of preschool-aged children. The program will be evaluated using a two-arm, parallel, randomised controlled design...
July 21, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739490/are-single-children-more-likely-to-be-overweight-or-obese-than-those-with-siblings-the-influence-of-china-s-one-child-policy-on-childhood-obesity
#12
Jungwon Min, Hong Xue, Vivian H C Wang, Miao Li, Youfa Wang
China's one-child policy (1979-2015) has affected Chinese parenting practices and children's health behaviors and also may have contributed to increased childhood obesity. However, very limited research has investigated the association between one-child policy and childhood obesity. We examined characteristics of single-child families and the influence of one-child policy (indicated by single-child status) on children's weight status and related health behaviors. Data from children aged 6-18years old in the 2011 (n=1580) and 2000 (n=2317) China Health and Nutrition Survey were cross-sectionally analyzed with multilevel models...
July 21, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738459/-gene-gene-interaction-on-central-obesity-in-school-aged-children-in-china
#13
L W Fu, M X Zhang, L J Wu, L W Gao, J Mi
Objective: To investigate possible effect of 6 obesity-associated SNPs in contribution to central obesity and examine whether there is an interaction in the 6 SNPs in the cause of central obesity in school-aged children in China. Methods: A total of 3 502 school-aged children who were included in Beijing Child and Adolescent Metabolic Syndrome (BCAMS) Study were selected, and based on the age and sex specific waist circumference (WC) standards in the BCAMS study, 1 196 central obese cases and 2 306 controls were identified...
July 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737859/association-between-dietary-glycemic-load-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-obese-children-and-adolescents
#14
Angela Cornejo-Monthedoro, Isel Negreiros-Sánchez, Carlos Del Águila, Marlit Ysla-Marquillo, Percy Mayta-Tristán
OBJETIVE: To study the association between the metabolic syndrome (MS) and the glycemic load (GL) of food intake among obese children and adolescents seen in consultation by the endocrinology team in a pediatric referral hospital in Lima, Peru. POPULATION AND METHOD: Cross-sectional study among obese children and adolescents (body mass index ≥ 95 percentile), 10-15 years old. The MS was classified according to criteria of the International Diabetes Federation...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736955/does-compliance-with-healthy-lifestyle-behaviours-cluster-within-individuals-in-australian-primary-school-aged-children
#15
T Olds, I Sanders, C Maher, F Fraysse, L Bell, E Leslie
BACKGROUND: The 3 "movement behaviours" of sleep, screen time, and physical activity are associated with a wide range of health outcomes in children. This study examined whether these behaviours cluster together within individuals in Australian primary school children. METHODS: Three datasets including 4,449 9- to 11-year-old children were interrogated-(a) Obesity Prevention and Lifestyle (OPAL), (b) the International Study of Children, Obesity, Lifestyle and Environment (ISCOLE), and (c) the National Children's Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey (NCNPAS)...
July 23, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735455/examining-the-role-of-income-inequality-and-neighborhood-walkability-on-obesity-and-physical-activity-among-low-income-hispanic-adults
#16
Samuel D Towne, Michael L Lopez, Yajuan Li, Matthew Lee Smith, Judith L Warren, Alexandra E Evans, Marcia G Ory
Obesity is a major public health issue affecting rising medical costs and contributing to morbidity and premature mortality. We aimed to identify factors that may play a role in obesity and physical activity at the individual and environmental/neighborhood levels. We analyzed data from an adult sample who were parents of students enrolled in a school-based health and wellness program. The sample was restricted to those who were Hispanic and whose children were on free/reduced lunch (n = 377). Dependent variables: body mass index (BMI); neighborhood walkability...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733128/dance-for-health-an-intergenerational-program-to-increase-access-to-physical-activity
#17
Krista Schroeder, Sarah J Ratcliffe, Adriana Perez, David Earley, Cory Bowman, Terri H Lipman
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate Dance for Health, an intergenerational program to increase access to physical activity in an underserved, high risk urban community. DESIGN AND METHODS: Dance for Health was developed using community-based participatory research methods and evaluated using an observational study design. The program entailed two hour line dancing sessions delivered by trained dance instructors in the neighborhood recreation center...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732566/association-of-circulating-irisin-levels-with-metabolic-and-metabolite-profiles-of-korean-adolescents
#18
Han Byul Jang, Hyo-Jin Kim, Jae Heon Kang, Sang Ick Park, Kyung Hee Park, Hye-Ja Lee
CONTEXT: Irisin, a novel exercise-induced myokine, has been suggested to regulate energy metabolism. OBJECTIVE: We studied the relationship between circulating irisin and metabolic and metabolite profiles of Korean adolescents, and investigated the effects of physical activity, obesity, and metabolic syndrome (MetS) on irisin levels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were obtained from the Korean Children-Adolescents Study. Our cross-sectional study included 618 adolescents (370 normal-weight and 248 obese adolescents; 316 boys and 302 girls) aged 12-15years...
August 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732475/associations-between-childhood-overweight-obesity-abdominal-obesity-and-obesogenic-behaviors-and-practices-in-australian-homes
#19
Seema Mihrshahi, Bradley A Drayton, Adrian E Bauman, Louise L Hardy
BACKGROUND: Despite emerging research about the role of the family and home environment on early childhood obesity, little is known on how weight-related behaviors, parent practices and the home environment influence overweight/obesity in older children and adolescents. METHODS: This analysis used data from a cross-sectional, representative population survey of Australian children age 5-16 years conducted in 2015. Data included measured anthropometry to calculate body mass index (BMI; kg/m(2)) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR; waist circumference/height)...
July 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728887/effectiveness-of-exercise-intervention-on-improving-fundamental-movement-skills-and-motor-coordination-in-overweight-obese-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Ahreum Han, Allan Fu, Stephen Cobley, Ross H Sanders
OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity is negatively associated with fundamental movement skill and motor coordination, which in turn constrains physical activity participation and adherence thereby forming a 'vicious cycle'. However, developing motor skill and coordination in childhood could help to break the vicious cycle to reduce childhood obesity. The objective of this systematic review was to determine the effectiveness of exercise and physical activity interventions on improving fundamental movement skill and motor coordination in overweight/obese children and adolescents...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
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