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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872574/past-present-and-future-of-psychosomatic-movements-in-an-ever-changing-world-presidential-address
#1
Christoph Herrmann-Lingen
OBJECTIVES: The American Psychosomatic Society (APS) was founded in 1942 and is celebrating its 75th anniversary in 2017. In recognizing the society's anniversary, this article provides a historical perspective on its history, the field of psychosomatic medicine in general, and anticipated future directions. METHODS: Essay and narrative review of the literature on the historic development of psychosomatic concepts and their impact on medicine over time. RESULTS: Mind-body associations have been described in the medical literature over more than 3,500 years...
September 1, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805523/the-pace-trial-it-s-time-to-broaden-perceptions-and-move-on
#2
Keith J Petrie, John Weinman
The continued critiques of the PACE trial highlight how differing beliefs about the causes of chronic fatigue syndrome still influence how scientific studies in this area are accepted and evaluated. Causal beliefs about chronic fatigue syndrome and a modern version of Cartesian dualism are important in understanding the reaction to the PACE trial. The continued debate on the PACE trial seems to miss the fact that science is incremental. An unfortunate outcome of the PACE controversy and intimidation of researchers may be less research in the area...
August 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776867/pain-and-dualism-which-dualism
#3
Elisa Arnaudo
In the literature, the allegation to pursue approaches grounded on Cartesian dualism in medicine is widespread. In this paper, I argue that dualism informing biomedicine has not only to do with a Cartesian view of mind and body, but that multiple dualisms are at play in biomedical approach to disease, especially regarding complex pain conditions. A form of epistemological dualism entailing the primacy of the physician's model of knowledge on the patient's direct experience of suffering is pointed out as the source of the inadequate medical attitude towards pain, particularly in relation to its complex forms such as fibromyalgic syndrome...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735853/a-comparative-study-of-genome-organization-and-epigenetic-mechanisms-in-model-ciliates-with-an-emphasis-on-tetrahymena-paramecium-and-oxytricha
#4
REVIEW
Yurui Wang, Yuanyuan Wang, Yalan Sheng, Jie Huang, Xiao Chen, Khaled A S Al-Rasheid, Shan Gao
As a group of unicellular eukaryotes, ciliates offer a unique system to explore epigenetic regulation, mostly due to their nuclear dualism. Ciliates launched a successful radiation after their early evolutionary branching, therefore harboring an unexpectedly rich pool of diverse biological functions and mechanisms. In this review, we compare distinct features of different ciliates in mating type determination, genome organization, DNA methylation, and removal of internal eliminated sequences (IES), with emphasis on Tetrahymena, Paramecium and Oxytricha...
July 1, 2017: European Journal of Protistology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721738/counting-bodies-on-future-engagements-with-science-studies-in-medical-anthropology
#5
Emily Yates-Doerr
Thirty years ago, Nancy Scheper-Hughes and Margaret Lock outlined a strategy for 'future work in medical anthropology' that focused on three bodies. Their article - a zeitgeist for the field - sought to intervene into the Cartesian dualisms characterizing ethnomedical anthropology at the time. Taking a descriptive and diagnostic approach, they defined 'the mindful body' as a domain of future anthropological inquiry and mapped three analytic concepts that could be used to study it: the individual/phenomenological body, the social body, and the body politic...
August 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649995/cytokines-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-far-beyond-th1-th2-dualism
#6
Poliana Macedo Guimarães, Bruna Miglioranza Scavuzzi, Nicole Perugini Stadtlober, Lorena Flor da Rosa Santos Silva, Marcell Alysson Batisti Lozovoy, Tathiana Mayumi Veiga Iriyoda, Neide Tomimura Costa, Edna Maria Vissoci Reiche, Michael Maes, Isaias Dichi, Andréa Name Colado Simão
The aims of this study were to delineate cytokines profiles of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), construct prediction models for diagnosis and disease activity using those profiles, and to examine the associations between TNFB Ncol polymorphism, body mass index (BMI), and vitamin D levels with cytokine levels. 200 SLE patients and 196 healthy controls participated in this case-control study. Plasma cytokines levels of TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL- 4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12, IL-17 were measured and cytokines profiles were computed...
June 26, 2017: Immunology and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629349/relationships-between-dental-personnel-and-non-dental-primary-health-care-providers-in-rural-and-remote-queensland-australia-dental-perspectives
#7
Jackie Stuart, Ha Hoang, Len Crocombe, Tony Barnett
BACKGROUND: Collaboration between dental practitioners and non-dental primary care providers has the potential to improve oral health care for people in rural and remote communities, where access to oral health services is limited. However, there is limited research on collaboration between these professional disciplines. The purpose of this paper was to explore the relationships between dental practitioners and non-dental primary care providers from rural and remote areas of Queensland and to identify strategies that could improve collaboration between these disciplines from the perspective of dental participants...
June 19, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626346/neutrophils-in-tuberculosis-heterogeneity-shapes-the-way
#8
REVIEW
Irina V Lyadova
Infection with M. tuberculosis remains one of the most common infections in the world. The outcome of the infection depends on host ability to mount effective protection and balance inflammatory responses. Neutrophils are innate immune cells implicated in both processes. Accordingly, during M. tuberculosis infection, they play a dual role. Particularly, they contribute to the generation of effector T cells, participate in the formation of granuloma, and are directly involved in tissue necrosis, destruction, and infection dissemination...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560557/heterogeneity-among-neutrophils
#9
REVIEW
Marzena Garley, Ewa Jabłońska
Neutrophils (PMNs) play a key role in innate defence mechanisms. Generally, PMNs were considered to have a homogeneous population of mature and diversified cells. It seems, however, that their pleiotropic action results from the existence of different subpopulations in this group of cells. There are data that confirm the involvement of PMNs in the direct activation of other cells in non-specific response, as well as specialised cells in specific response. For example, there have been observations of PMNs with different levels of activity in relation to lymphocytes, and a population was identified which had characteristics similar to those of cells which are capable of presenting antigens...
May 30, 2017: Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544975/-spiritual-but-not-religious-cognition-schizotypy-and-conversion-in-alternative-beliefs
#10
Aiyana K Willard, Ara Norenzayan
The spiritual but not religious (SBNR) are a growing population in secularizing societies. Yet, we know little about the underlying psychology of this group or their belief profile. Based on an individual difference approach, we address this knowledge gap by comparing SBNR with religious and non-religious participants. In a sample of Americans (n=1013), we find that the SBNR differ from non-religious and religious participants in a number of ways. SBNR participants are more likely to hold paranormal beliefs and to have an experiential relationship to the supernatural (e...
August 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496426/chronic-pain-as-a-hypothetical-construct-a-practical-and-philosophical-consideration
#11
Daniel M Doleys
Pain has been defined by the International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) as "an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage." Chronic pain is usually described as pain that has persisted for 3-6 months and/or beyond the expected time of healing. The numerical pain rating (NPR) is the customary metric and often considered as a proxy for the subjective experience of chronic pain. This definition of pain (chronic) has been of significant heuristic value...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454990/brain-disease-connectivity-plasticity-and-cognitive-therapy-a-neurological-view-of-mental-disorders
#12
G Lubrini, A Martín-Montes, O Díez-Ascaso, E Díez-Tejedor
INTRODUCTION: Our conception of the mind-brain relationship has evolved from the traditional idea of dualism to current evidence that mental functions result from brain activity. This paradigm shift, combined with recent advances in neuroimaging, has led to a novel definition of brain functioning in terms of structural and functional connectivity. The purpose of this literature review is to describe the relationship between connectivity, brain lesions, cerebral plasticity, and functional recovery...
April 25, 2017: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390521/toward-a-postmodern-pragmatic-discourse-semioethics-for-brain-injury-care-empirically-driven-group-inquiry-as-a-dialogical-practice-in-pursuit-of-the-peircean-aesthetic-ideal-of%C3%A2-reasonableness
#13
REVIEW
Gary Goldberg
A postmodern framework is proposed for conceptualizing the impact of brain injury on the subjective being of the injured person. Semiosis, the 'action of signs,' is argued as necessary for this recovery of subjectivity that escapes the mechanistic materialism and mind-matter dualism of modern science. Ethical dilemmas in brain injury care are best approached through an empirical 'semioethics' implemented as a dialogical practice among a group of selected stakeholders seeking a logical solution that best addresses the criterion of maximizing reasonableness as a tempering of rationality with relational concerns in the face of the constraints imposed by the injury...
May 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366890/rawls-on-dewey-before-the-dewey-lectures
#14
Daniele Botti
This article sheds light on John Rawls's views on John Dewey's philosophical temperament by investigating unpublished papers and lectures that Rawls wrote and delivered across the late 1940s, the 1950s, the 1960s, and the early 1970s. Moreover, the article shows that Rawls's rejection of Kant's dualisms predates by at least three decades the "Dewey Lectures" (1980) and that Dewey's notion of deliberation as "dramatic rehearsal in imagination" might have had an impact on Rawls's development of the notion of "reflective equilibrium" as a state of affairs that we strive to reach in ethical reflection...
2017: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359768/on-the-science-of-consciousness-epistemological-reflections-and-clinical-implications
#15
Enrico Facco, Daniela Lucangeli, Patrizio Tressoldi
Consciousness has been one of the most important and tantalizing issues ever since the origin of philosophy and medicine. The concept of consciousness and the so-called "hard problem" (i.e., the mind-brain relationship) are highly complex topics that have yet to be elucidated, involving the realms of both science and philosophy with profound epistemological implications. In the lively debate on the foundations of the science of consciousness there are several potential biases of an essentially philosophical nature, such as those related to the paradigm and axioms adopted, and the ostensible logical contradiction between monism and dualism...
May 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359005/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-is-a-systemic-illness-not-a-mental-disorder-is-cartesian-dualism-dead
#16
Alexander C McFarlane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324134/-between-psyche-and-brain-state-of-the-art-in-psychiatry
#17
T Fuchs
Since its development around 1800 psychiatry has been oscillating between the poles of the sciences and the humanities, being directed towards subjective experience on the one hand and towards the neural substrate on the other hand. Today, this dualism seems to have been overcome by a naturalism, which identifies subjective experience with neural processes, according to Griesinger's frequently quoted statement "mental diseases are brain diseases". The progress achieved by the neurobiological paradigm on the level of a fundamental science is in contrast to the tendency to isolate mental illnesses from the patients' social relationships and to neglect subjectivity and intersubjectivity in their explanation...
May 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304148/the-enigmatic-role-of-runx1-in-female-related-cancers-current-knowledge-future-perspectives
#18
REVIEW
Alessandra I Riggio, Karen Blyth
Historically associated with the aetiology of human leukaemia, the runt-related transcription factor 1 (RUNX1) gene has in recent years reared its head in an assortment of epithelial cancers. This review discusses the state-of-the-art knowledge of the enigmatic role played by RUNX1 in female-related cancers of the breast, the uterus and the ovary. The weight of evidence accumulated so far is indicative of a very context-dependent role, as either an oncogene or a tumour suppressor. This is corroborated by high-throughput sequencing endeavours which report different genetic alterations affecting the gene, including amplification, deep deletion and mutations...
August 2017: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266213/dualism-of-sensitivity-and-selectivity-of-porphyrin-dimers-in-electroanalysis
#19
Grzegorz Lisak, Takashi Tamaki, Takuji Ogawa
This work uncovers the application of porphyrin dimers for the use in electroanalysis, such as potentiometric determination of ions. It also puts in question a current perception of an occurrence of the super-Nernstian response, as a result of the possible dimerization of single porphyrins within an ion-selective membrane. To study that, four various porphyrin dimers were used as ionophores, namely, freebase-freebase, Zn-Zn, Zn-freebase, and freebase-Zn. Since the Zn-freebase and freebase-Zn porphyrin dimers carried both anion- and cation-sensitive porphyrin units, their application in ISEs was utilized in both anion- and cation-sensitive sensors...
March 20, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223955/stability-and-variability-in-aesthetic-experience-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Thomas Jacobsen, Susan Beudt
Based on psychophysics' pragmatic dualism, we trace the cognitive neuroscience of stability and variability in aesthetic experience. With regard to different domains of aesthetic processing, we touch upon the relevance of cognitive schemata for aesthetic preference. Attitudes and preferences are explored in detail. Evolutionary constraints on attitude formation or schema generation are elucidated, just as the often seemingly arbitrary influences of social, societal, and cultural nature are. A particular focus is put on the concept of critical periods during an individual's ontogenesis...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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