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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779187/dualism-and-its-place-in-a-philosophical-structure-for-psychiatry
#1
Hane Htut Maung
It is often claimed in parts of the psychiatric literature that neuroscientific research into the biological basis of mental disorder undermines dualism in the philosophy of mind. This paper shows that such a claim does not apply to all forms of dualism. Focusing on Kenneth Kendler's discussion of the mind-body problem in biological psychiatry, I argue that such criticism of dualism often conflates the psychological and phenomenal concepts of the mental. Moreover, it fails to acknowledge that there are different varieties of dualism, and so overlooks the important metaphysical insights of contemporary dualist philosophers...
May 19, 2018: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754115/delusional-misidentifications-in-a-procrustean-bed
#2
EDITORIAL
G N Christodoulou, M Margariti, N Christodoulou
The Delusional Misidentification Syndromes (DMSs) are characterized by defective integration of the normally The Delusional Misidentification Syndromes (DMSs) are characterized by defective integration of the normally fused functions of perception and recognition. The classical sub-types are: the syndromes of Capgras, Fregoli,Intermetamorphosis (mentioned in 3) and Subjective doubles. These syndromes occur in a clear sensorium and shouldbe differentiated from the banal transient misidentifications occurring in confusional states and in mania and from thenon-delusional misidentifications (e...
January 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751107/estrogens-and-selective-estrogen-receptor-modulators-differentially-antagonize-runx2-in-st2-mesenchymal-progenitor-cells
#3
Yonatan Amzaleg, Jie Ji, Donlaporn Kittivanichkul, Anna E Törnqvist, Sara Windahl, Elias Sabag, Aysha B Khalid, Hal Sternberg, Michael West, John A Katzenellenbogen, Susan A Krum, Nyam-Osor Chimge, Dustin E Schones, Yankel Gabet, Claes Ohlsson, Baruch Frenkel
Estrogens attenuate bone turnover by inhibiting both osteoclasts and osteoblasts, in part through antagonizing Runx2. Apparently conflicting, stimulatory effects in osteoblast lineage cells, however, sway the balance between bone resorption and bone formation in favor of the latter. Consistent with this dualism, 17ß-estradiol (E2) both stimulates and inhibits Runx2 in a locus-specific manner, and here we provide evidence for such locus-specific regulation of Runx2 by E2 in vivo. We also demonstrate dual, negative and positive, regulation of Runx2-driven alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity by increasing E2 concentrations in ST2 osteoblast progenitor cells...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694526/-the-poetry-of-augusto-dos-anjos-and-fin-de-si%C3%A3-cle-neuropsychiatry
#4
Leonardo Cruz de Souza, Ana Carolina Sarquis Salgado, Maurício Viotti Daker, Francisco Cardoso, Antônio Lúcio Teixeira
Augusto dos Anjos, from Paraíba, Brazil, occupies a singular place in Brazilian literature, defying alignment with any one literary style. His poetry is marked by anguished verse, by existential dimensions and a vocabulary replete with scientific terms. His work is of great interest to neuropsychiatry, not just for the abundance of related terms, but also because it reflects conceptions from neuroscience at the turn of the twentieth century. This study focuses on his literary output from a dual perspective: by identifying how his poetry reflects the organicist tendency in psychiatry at the time, as generally personified in the figure of Emil Kraepelin, and by exploring the ideological content of the work, like the Darwinist perspective and the tension between dualism and materialistic monism...
March 2018: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668053/commentary-what-heals-and-why-children-s-understanding-of-medical-treatments
#5
Karl S Rosengren, Matthew J Jiang, Charles W Kalish, David Menendez, Iseli G Hernandez
Lockhart and Keil have written an interesting monograph focusing on the development of reasoning about medicine, a relatively underexplored area of research with potentially broad implications with respect to the design of more-effective medical interventions. In a set of 15 studies with well over 2,200 participants, they examine how children and adults combine aspects of biological and psychological reasoning to create working models of medicine. Lockhart and Keil explore developmental changes in reasoning about illness and its treatment using medicines in terms of dualism (e...
June 2018: Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614192/epistemological-development-in-first-year-nursing-students-undertaking-cultural-safety-education
#6
Sallie Greenwood, Katrina Fyers
BACKGROUND: The process of teaching cultural safety is emancipatory, focused on wider social relations and the context in which they arise. As teachers of cultural safety, we are interested in the way that ideas are formed, held, and changed. The aim of this research was to examine whether epistemological shifts were demonstrated by nursing students over one semester of cultural safety teaching-learning. METHOD: NVivo software was used to analyze 34 nursing students' reflective journals, applying a cognitive-developmental framework...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609724/did-ren%C3%A3-descartes-have-exploding-head-syndrome
#7
Abidemi Idowu Otaiku
René Descartes (1596-1650), "the Father of Modern Philosophy" and advocate of mind-body dualism, had three successive dreams on November 10, 1619 that changed the trajectory of his life and the trajectory of human thought. Descartes' influential dreams have been of interest to a number of commentators including the famous neurologist and psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud. Descartes' second dream in particular, in which he heard a loud noise in his head before seeing a bright flash of light upon awakening, has been discussed extensively...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569064/embodiment-and-entangled-subjectivity-a-study-of-robin-cook-s-coma-priscille-sibley-s-the-promise-of-stardust-and-alexander-beliaev-s-professor-dowell-s-head
#8
Manali Karmakar, Avishek Parui
The essay examines Robin Cook's (1977) Coma and Priscille Sibley's (2013) The Promise of Stardust that dramatize the reified and disposable status of the brain-dead patients who are classified as nonpersons. The essay argues that the man-machine entanglement as depicted in the novels constructs a deterritorialized and entangled form of subjectivity that intervenes in the dominant biomedical understanding of personhood and agency that we notionally associate with a conscious mind. The essay concludes its arguments by discussing Alexander Beliaev's (1925) Professor Dowell's Head which depicts human subjectivity as an essentially embodied and distributive phenomenon and interrogates the Cartesian mind body dualism embedded in the dominant biomedical narratives...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504485/framing-the-mind-body-problem-in-contemporary-neuroscientific-and-sunni-islamic-theological-discourse
#9
Faisal Qazi, Don Fette, Syed S Jafri, Aasim I Padela
Famously posed by seventeenth-century French philosopher René Descartes, the mind-body problem remains unresolved in western philosophy and science, with both disciplines unable to move convincingly beyond the dualistic model. The persistence of dualism calls for a reframing of the problem through interdisciplinary modes of inquiry that include non-western points of view. One such perspective is Islamic theology of the soul, which, while approaching the problem from a distinct point of view, also adopts a position commensurate with (substance) dualism...
March 5, 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484018/health-and-illness-in-history-science-and-society
#10
REVIEW
Miriam Rovesti, Massimo Fioranelli, Paola Petrelli, Francesca Satolli, Maria Grazia Roccia, Serena Gianfaldoni, Georgi Tchernev, Uwe Wollina, Jacopo Lotti, Claudio Feliciani, Torello Lotti
Health is a fundamental human right. The World Health Organization defines it as a "state of complete physical, psychological and social well - being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity". The health of individuals, however, is also linked to the environment in which they live and especially to their ability to adapt and integrate into their life context. The relationship with the environment is extremely important because it is that interaction that outlines the concept of normality compared to pathology...
January 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467036/the-living-dead-perception-of-persons-in-the-unresponsive-wakefulness-syndrome-in-germany-compared-to-the-usa
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Inga Steppacher, Johanna Kissler
BACKGROUND: The extent to which people ascribe mind to others has been shown to predict the extent to which human rights are conferred. Therefore, in the context of disorders of consciousness (DOC), mind ascription can influence end of life decisions. A previous US-American study indicated that participants ascribed even less mind to patients with unresponsive-wakefulness-syndrome (UWS) than to the dead. Results were explained in terms of implicit dualism and religious beliefs, as highly religious people ascribed least mind to UWS...
February 21, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441591/beyond-the-binaries-reshaping-pain-communication-through-arts-workshops
#12
Jen Tarr, Flora Cornish, Elena Gonzalez-Polledo
Pain is difficult to communicate and translate into language, yet most social research on pain experience uses questionnaires and semi-structured interviews that rely on words. In addition to the mind/body dualism prevalent in pain medicine in these studies pain communication is characterised by further value-laden binaries such as real/unreal, visible/invisible, and psychological/physical. Starting from the position that research methods play a role in constituting their object, this article examines the potential of participatory arts workshops for developing different versions of pain communication...
March 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412337/the-presentation-of-the-mind-brain-problem-in-leading-psychiatry-journals
#13
Alexander Moreira-Almeida, Saulo de F Araujo, C Robert Cloninger
OBJECTIVE: The mind-brain problem (MBP) has marked implications for psychiatry, but has been poorly discussed in the psychiatric literature. This paper evaluates the presentation of the MBP in the three leading general psychiatry journals during the last 20 years. METHODS: Systematic review of articles on the MBP published in the three general psychiatry journals with the highest impact factor from 1995 to 2015. The content of these articles was analyzed and discussed in the light of contemporary debates on the MBP...
February 1, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382541/palliative-sedation-for-existential-suffering-a-systematic-review-of-argument-based-ethics-literature
#14
REVIEW
Paulo Rodrigues, Jasper Crokaert, Chris Gastmans
CONTEXT: Although unanimity exists on using palliative sedation (PS) for controlling refractory physical suffering in end-of-life situations, using it for controlling refractory existential suffering (PS-ES) is controversial. Complicating the debate is that definitions and terminology for existential suffering are unclear, ambiguous, and imprecise, leading to a lack of consensus for clinical practice. OBJECTIVES: To systematically identify, describe, analyze, and discuss ethical arguments and concepts underpinning the argument-based bioethics literature on PS-ES...
June 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273663/meta-ethnography-to-understand-healthcare-professionals-experience-of-treating-adults-with-chronic-non-malignant-pain
#15
Francine Toye, Kate Seers, Karen L Barker
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to explore healthcare professionals' experience of treating chronic non-malignant pain by conducting a qualitative evidence synthesis. Understanding this experience from the perspective of healthcare professionals will contribute to improvements in the provision of care. DESIGN: Qualitative evidence synthesis using meta-ethnography. We searched five electronic bibliographic databases from inception to November 2016. We included studies that explore healthcare professionals' experience of treating adults with chronic non-malignant pain...
December 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171674/a-dubious-defense-of-after-birth-abortion-a-reply-to-r%C3%A3-s%C3%A3-nen
#16
COMMENT
Christopher Kaczor
Scholars have offered various critiques of Alberto Giubilini and Francesca Minerva's controversial article, 'After-birth abortion: Why should the baby live?' My book The Ethics of Abortion: Women's Rights, Human Life, and the Question of Justice presents four such critiques. First, Giubilini and Minerva argue from the deeply controversial to the even more controversial. Second, they presuppose a false view of personal identity called body-self dualism. Third, their view cannot secure human equality. And fourth, their account of harm cannot account for harm found in some cases of murder...
February 2018: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154289/subjective-reality-and-brain-topology-inversion-transformations-on-non-orientable-atomic-surfaces-of-membrane-channels
#17
Gustav Bernroider
Subject-object relations reflect the relation of phenomenology and physics and are at the centre of interest in brain research and neuro-psychology. The unresolved dichotomy behind this relation is one of the most challenging questions of our time. Setting out from causal modelling I suggest a particular topology for subject-object relations and argue that we can find a physical realization in living organism that provides a continuous transform between both domains. In a geometrical metaphor this transform has the topological properties of a one-sided surface or non-orientable flat...
2017: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068669/electrophilic-nucleophilic-dualism-of-nickel-ii-toward-ni%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-i-noncovalent-interactions-semicoordination-of-iodine-centers-via-electron-belt-and-halogen-bonding-via-%C3%AF-hole
#18
Zarina M Bikbaeva, Daniil M Ivanov, Alexander S Novikov, Ivan V Ananyev, Nadezhda A Bokach, Vadim Yu Kukushkin
The nitrosoguanidinate complex [Ni{NH═C(NMe2 )NN(O)}2 ] (1) was cocrystallized with I2 and sym-trifluorotriiodobenzene (FIB) to give associates 1·2I2 and 1·2FIB. Structures of these solid species were studied by XRD followed by topological analysis of the electron density distribution within the framework of Bader's approach (QTAIM) at the M06/DZP-DKH level of theory and Hirshfeld surface analysis. Our results along with inspection of XRD (CCDC) data, accompanied by the theoretical calculations, allowed the identification of three types of Ni···I contacts...
November 6, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872574/past-present-and-future-of-psychosomatic-movements-in-an-ever-changing-world-presidential-address
#19
Christoph Herrmann-Lingen
OBJECTIVE: The American Psychosomatic Society was founded in 1942 and is celebrating its 75th anniversary in 2017. In recognizing the society's anniversary, this article provides a historical perspective on its history, the field of psychosomatic medicine in general, and anticipated future directions. METHODS: Essay and narrative review of the literature on the historic development of psychosomatic concepts and their impact on medicine over time. RESULTS: Mind-body associations have been described in the medical literature for more than 3500 years...
November 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805523/the-pace-trial-it-s-time-to-broaden-perceptions-and-move-on
#20
Keith J Petrie, John Weinman
The continued critiques of the PACE trial highlight how differing beliefs about the causes of chronic fatigue syndrome still influence how scientific studies in this area are accepted and evaluated. Causal beliefs about chronic fatigue syndrome and a modern version of Cartesian dualism are important in understanding the reaction to the PACE trial. The continued debate on the PACE trial seems to miss the fact that science is incremental. An unfortunate outcome of the PACE controversy and intimidation of researchers may be less research in the area...
August 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
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