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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273663/meta-ethnography-to-understand-healthcare-professionals-experience-of-treating-adults-with-chronic-non-malignant-pain
#1
Francine Toye, Kate Seers, Karen L Barker
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to explore healthcare professionals' experience of treating chronic non-malignant pain by conducting a qualitative evidence synthesis. Understanding this experience from the perspective of healthcare professionals will contribute to improvements in the provision of care. DESIGN: Qualitative evidence synthesis using meta-ethnography. We searched five electronic bibliographic databases from inception to November 2016. We included studies that explore healthcare professionals' experience of treating adults with chronic non-malignant pain...
December 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171674/a-dubious-defense-of-after-birth-abortion-a-reply-to-r%C3%A3-s%C3%A3-nen
#2
Christopher Kaczor
Scholars have offered various critiques of Alberto Giubilini and Francesca Minerva's controversial article, 'After-birth abortion: Why should the baby live?' My book The Ethics of Abortion: Women's Rights, Human Life, and the Question of Justice presents four such critiques. First, Giubilini and Minerva argue from the deeply controversial to the even more controversial. Second, they presuppose a false view of personal identity called body-self dualism. Third, their view cannot secure human equality. And fourth, their account of harm cannot account for harm found in some cases of murder...
November 24, 2017: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154289/subjective-reality-and-brain-topology-inversion-transformations-on-non-orientable-atomic-surfaces-of-membrane-channels
#3
Gustav Bernroider
Subject-object relations reflect the relation of phenomenology and physics and are at the centre of interest in brain research and neuro-psychology. The unresolved dichotomy behind this relation is one of the most challenging questions of our time. Setting out from causal modelling I suggest a particular topology for subject-object relations and argue that we can find a physical realization in living organism that provides a continuous transform between both domains. In a geometrical metaphor this transform has the topological properties of a one-sided surface or non-orientable flat...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068669/electrophilic-nucleophilic-dualism-of-nickel-ii-toward-ni%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-i-noncovalent-interactions-semicoordination-of-iodine-centers-via-electron-belt-and-halogen-bonding-via-%C3%AF-hole
#4
Zarina M Bikbaeva, Daniil M Ivanov, Alexander S Novikov, Ivan V Ananyev, Nadezhda A Bokach, Vadim Yu Kukushkin
The nitrosoguanidinate complex [Ni{NH═C(NMe2)NN(O)}2] (1) was cocrystallized with I2 and sym-trifluorotriiodobenzene (FIB) to give associates 1·2I2 and 1·2FIB. Structures of these solid species were studied by XRD followed by topological analysis of the electron density distribution within the framework of Bader's approach (QTAIM) at the M06/DZP-DKH level of theory and Hirshfeld surface analysis. Our results along with inspection of XRD (CCDC) data, accompanied by the theoretical calculations, allowed the identification of three types of Ni···I contacts...
November 6, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872574/past-present-and-future-of-psychosomatic-movements-in-an-ever-changing-world-presidential-address
#5
Christoph Herrmann-Lingen
OBJECTIVES: The American Psychosomatic Society (APS) was founded in 1942 and is celebrating its 75th anniversary in 2017. In recognizing the society's anniversary, this article provides a historical perspective on its history, the field of psychosomatic medicine in general, and anticipated future directions. METHODS: Essay and narrative review of the literature on the historic development of psychosomatic concepts and their impact on medicine over time. RESULTS: Mind-body associations have been described in the medical literature over more than 3,500 years...
September 1, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805523/the-pace-trial-it-s-time-to-broaden-perceptions-and-move-on
#6
Keith J Petrie, John Weinman
The continued critiques of the PACE trial highlight how differing beliefs about the causes of chronic fatigue syndrome still influence how scientific studies in this area are accepted and evaluated. Causal beliefs about chronic fatigue syndrome and a modern version of Cartesian dualism are important in understanding the reaction to the PACE trial. The continued debate on the PACE trial seems to miss the fact that science is incremental. An unfortunate outcome of the PACE controversy and intimidation of researchers may be less research in the area...
August 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776867/pain-and-dualism-which-dualism
#7
Elisa Arnaudo
In the literature, the allegation to pursue approaches grounded on Cartesian dualism in medicine is widespread. In this paper, I argue that dualism informing biomedicine has not only to do with a Cartesian view of mind and body, but that multiple dualisms are at play in biomedical approach to disease, especially regarding complex pain conditions. A form of epistemological dualism entailing the primacy of the physician's model of knowledge on the patient's direct experience of suffering is pointed out as the source of the inadequate medical attitude towards pain, particularly in relation to its complex forms such as fibromyalgic syndrome...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735853/a-comparative-study-of-genome-organization-and-epigenetic-mechanisms-in-model-ciliates-with-an-emphasis-on-tetrahymena-paramecium-and-oxytricha
#8
REVIEW
Yurui Wang, Yuanyuan Wang, Yalan Sheng, Jie Huang, Xiao Chen, Khaled A S Al-Rasheid, Shan Gao
As a group of unicellular eukaryotes, ciliates offer a unique system to explore epigenetic regulation, mostly due to their nuclear dualism. Ciliates launched a successful radiation after their early evolutionary branching, therefore harboring an unexpectedly rich pool of diverse biological functions and mechanisms. In this review, we compare distinct features of different ciliates in mating type determination, genome organization, DNA methylation, and removal of internal eliminated sequences (IES), with emphasis on Tetrahymena, Paramecium and Oxytricha...
July 1, 2017: European Journal of Protistology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721738/counting-bodies-on-future-engagements-with-science-studies-in-medical-anthropology
#9
Emily Yates-Doerr
Thirty years ago, Nancy Scheper-Hughes and Margaret Lock outlined a strategy for 'future work in medical anthropology' that focused on three bodies. Their article - a zeitgeist for the field - sought to intervene into the Cartesian dualisms characterizing ethnomedical anthropology at the time. Taking a descriptive and diagnostic approach, they defined 'the mindful body' as a domain of future anthropological inquiry and mapped three analytic concepts that could be used to study it: the individual/phenomenological body, the social body, and the body politic...
August 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649995/cytokines-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-far-beyond-th1-th2-dualism-lupus-cytokine-profiles
#10
Poliana Macedo Guimarães, Bruna Miglioranza Scavuzzi, Nicole Perugini Stadtlober, Lorena Flor da Rosa Franchi Santos, Marcell Alysson Batisti Lozovoy, Tatiana Mayumi Veiga Iriyoda, Neide Tomimura Costa, Edna Maria Vissoci Reiche, Michael Maes, Isaias Dichi, Andréa Name Colado Simão
The aims of this study were to delineate cytokine profiles of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), construct prediction models for diagnosis and disease activity using those profiles, and to examine the associations between TNFB Ncol polymorphism, body mass index (BMI) and vitamin D levels with cytokine levels. Two hundred SLE patients and 196 healthy controls participated in this case-control study. Plasma cytokines levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interferon (IFN)-γ, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL- 4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12 and IL-17 were measured and cytokines profiles were computed...
October 2017: Immunology and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629349/relationships-between-dental-personnel-and-non-dental-primary-health-care-providers-in-rural-and-remote-queensland-australia-dental-perspectives
#11
Jackie Stuart, Ha Hoang, Len Crocombe, Tony Barnett
BACKGROUND: Collaboration between dental practitioners and non-dental primary care providers has the potential to improve oral health care for people in rural and remote communities, where access to oral health services is limited. However, there is limited research on collaboration between these professional disciplines. The purpose of this paper was to explore the relationships between dental practitioners and non-dental primary care providers from rural and remote areas of Queensland and to identify strategies that could improve collaboration between these disciplines from the perspective of dental participants...
June 19, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626346/neutrophils-in-tuberculosis-heterogeneity-shapes-the-way
#12
REVIEW
Irina V Lyadova
Infection with M. tuberculosis remains one of the most common infections in the world. The outcome of the infection depends on host ability to mount effective protection and balance inflammatory responses. Neutrophils are innate immune cells implicated in both processes. Accordingly, during M. tuberculosis infection, they play a dual role. Particularly, they contribute to the generation of effector T cells, participate in the formation of granuloma, and are directly involved in tissue necrosis, destruction, and infection dissemination...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560557/heterogeneity-among-neutrophils
#13
REVIEW
Marzena Garley, Ewa Jabłońska
Neutrophils (PMNs) play a key role in innate defence mechanisms. Generally, PMNs were considered to have a homogeneous population of mature and diversified cells. It seems, however, that their pleiotropic action results from the existence of different subpopulations in this group of cells. There are data that confirm the involvement of PMNs in the direct activation of other cells in non-specific response, as well as specialised cells in specific response. For example, there have been observations of PMNs with different levels of activity in relation to lymphocytes, and a population was identified which had characteristics similar to those of cells which are capable of presenting antigens...
May 30, 2017: Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544975/-spiritual-but-not-religious-cognition-schizotypy-and-conversion-in-alternative-beliefs
#14
Aiyana K Willard, Ara Norenzayan
The spiritual but not religious (SBNR) are a growing population in secularizing societies. Yet, we know little about the underlying psychology of this group or their belief profile. Based on an individual difference approach, we address this knowledge gap by comparing SBNR with religious and non-religious participants. In a sample of Americans (n=1013), we find that the SBNR differ from non-religious and religious participants in a number of ways. SBNR participants are more likely to hold paranormal beliefs and to have an experiential relationship to the supernatural (e...
August 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496426/chronic-pain-as-a-hypothetical-construct-a-practical-and-philosophical-consideration
#15
Daniel M Doleys
Pain has been defined by the International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) as "an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage." Chronic pain is usually described as pain that has persisted for 3-6 months and/or beyond the expected time of healing. The numerical pain rating (NPR) is the customary metric and often considered as a proxy for the subjective experience of chronic pain. This definition of pain (chronic) has been of significant heuristic value...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454990/brain-disease-connectivity-plasticity-and-cognitive-therapy-a-neurological-view-of-mental-disorders
#16
G Lubrini, A Martín-Montes, O Díez-Ascaso, E Díez-Tejedor
INTRODUCTION: Our conception of the mind-brain relationship has evolved from the traditional idea of dualism to current evidence that mental functions result from brain activity. This paradigm shift, combined with recent advances in neuroimaging, has led to a novel definition of brain functioning in terms of structural and functional connectivity. The purpose of this literature review is to describe the relationship between connectivity, brain lesions, cerebral plasticity, and functional recovery...
April 25, 2017: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390521/toward-a-postmodern-pragmatic-discourse-semioethics-for-brain-injury-care-empirically-driven-group-inquiry-as-a-dialogical-practice-in-pursuit-of-the-peircean-aesthetic-ideal-of%C3%A2-reasonableness
#17
REVIEW
Gary Goldberg
A postmodern framework is proposed for conceptualizing the impact of brain injury on the subjective being of the injured person. Semiosis, the 'action of signs,' is argued as necessary for this recovery of subjectivity that escapes the mechanistic materialism and mind-matter dualism of modern science. Ethical dilemmas in brain injury care are best approached through an empirical 'semioethics' implemented as a dialogical practice among a group of selected stakeholders seeking a logical solution that best addresses the criterion of maximizing reasonableness as a tempering of rationality with relational concerns in the face of the constraints imposed by the injury...
May 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366890/rawls-on-dewey-before-the-dewey-lectures
#18
Daniele Botti
This article sheds light on John Rawls's views on John Dewey's philosophical temperament by investigating unpublished papers and lectures that Rawls wrote and delivered across the late 1940s, the 1950s, the 1960s, and the early 1970s. Moreover, the article shows that Rawls's rejection of Kant's dualisms predates by at least three decades the "Dewey Lectures" (1980) and that Dewey's notion of deliberation as "dramatic rehearsal in imagination" might have had an impact on Rawls's development of the notion of "reflective equilibrium" as a state of affairs that we strive to reach in ethical reflection...
2017: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359768/on-the-science-of-consciousness-epistemological-reflections-and-clinical-implications
#19
Enrico Facco, Daniela Lucangeli, Patrizio Tressoldi
Consciousness has been one of the most important and tantalizing issues ever since the origin of philosophy and medicine. The concept of consciousness and the so-called "hard problem" (i.e., the mind-brain relationship) are highly complex topics that have yet to be elucidated, involving the realms of both science and philosophy with profound epistemological implications. In the lively debate on the foundations of the science of consciousness there are several potential biases of an essentially philosophical nature, such as those related to the paradigm and axioms adopted, and the ostensible logical contradiction between monism and dualism...
May 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359005/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-is-a-systemic-illness-not-a-mental-disorder-is-cartesian-dualism-dead
#20
Alexander C McFarlane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
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