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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390521/toward-a-postmodern-pragmatic-discourse-semioethics-for-brain-injury-care-empirically-driven-group-inquiry-as-a-dialogical-practice-in-pursuit-of-the-peircean-aesthetic-ideal-of%C3%A2-reasonableness
#1
REVIEW
Gary Goldberg
A postmodern framework is proposed for conceptualizing the impact of brain injury on the subjective being of the injured person. Semiosis, the 'action of signs,' is argued as necessary for this recovery of subjectivity that escapes the mechanistic materialism and mind-matter dualism of modern science. Ethical dilemmas in brain injury care are best approached through an empirical 'semioethics' implemented as a dialogical practice among a group of selected stakeholders seeking a logical solution that best addresses the criterion of maximizing reasonableness as a tempering of rationality with relational concerns in the face of the constraints imposed by the injury...
May 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366890/rawls-on-dewey-before-the-dewey-lectures
#2
Daniele Botti
This article sheds light on John Rawls's views on John Dewey's philosophical temperament by investigating unpublished papers and lectures that Rawls wrote and delivered across the late 1940s, the 1950s, the 1960s, and the early 1970s. Moreover, the article shows that Rawls's rejection of Kant's dualisms predates by at least three decades the "Dewey Lectures" (1980) and that Dewey's notion of deliberation as "dramatic rehearsal in imagination" might have had an impact on Rawls's development of the notion of "reflective equilibrium" as a state of affairs that we strive to reach in ethical reflection...
2017: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359768/on-the-science-of-consciousness-epistemological-reflections-and-clinical-implications
#3
Enrico Facco, Daniela Lucangeli, Patrizio Tressoldi
Consciousness has been one of the most important and tantalizing issues ever since the origin of philosophy and medicine. The concept of consciousness and the so-called "hard problem" (i.e., the mind-brain relationship) are highly complex topics that have yet to be elucidated, involving the realms of both science and philosophy with profound epistemological implications. In the lively debate on the foundations of the science of consciousness there are several potential biases of an essentially philosophical nature, such as those related to the paradigm and axioms adopted, and the ostensible logical contradiction between monism and dualism...
February 24, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359005/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-is-a-systemic-illness-not-a-mental-disorder-is-cartesian-dualism-dead
#4
Alexander C McFarlane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324134/-between-psyche-and-brain-state-of-the-art-in-psychiatry
#5
T Fuchs
Since its development around 1800 psychiatry has been oscillating between the poles of the sciences and the humanities, being directed towards subjective experience on the one hand and towards the neural substrate on the other hand. Today, this dualism seems to have been overcome by a naturalism, which identifies subjective experience with neural processes, according to Griesinger's frequently quoted statement "mental diseases are brain diseases". The progress achieved by the neurobiological paradigm on the level of a fundamental science is in contrast to the tendency to isolate mental illnesses from the patients' social relationships and to neglect subjectivity and intersubjectivity in their explanation...
March 21, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304148/the-enigmatic-role-of-runx1-in-female-related-cancers-current-knowledge-future-perspectives
#6
REVIEW
Alessandra I Riggio, Karen Blyth
Historically associated with the aetiology of human leukaemia, the RUNX1 gene has in recent years reared its head in an assortment of epithelial cancers. This review discusses the state-of-the-art knowledge of the enigmatic role played by RUNX1 in female-related cancers of the breast, the uterus and the ovary. The weight of evidence accumulated so far is indicative of a very context-dependent role, as either an oncogene or a tumour suppressor. This is corroborated by high-throughput sequencing endeavours which report different genetic alterations affecting the gene, including amplification, deep deletion and mutations...
March 17, 2017: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266213/dualism-of-sensitivity-and-selectivity-of-porphyrin-dimers-in-electroanalysis
#7
Grzegorz Lisak, Takashi Tamaki, Takuji Ogawa
This work uncovers the application of porphyrin dimers for the use in electroanalysis, such as potentiometric determination of ions. It also puts in question a current perception of an occurrence of the super-Nernstian response, as a result of the possible dimerization of single porphyrins within an ion-selective membrane. To study that, four various porphyrin dimers were used as ionophores, namely, freebase-freebase, Zn-Zn, Zn-freebase, and freebase-Zn. Since the Zn-freebase and freebase-Zn porphyrin dimers carried both anion- and cation-sensitive porphyrin units, their application in ISEs was utilized in both anion- and cation-sensitive sensors...
March 20, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223955/stability-and-variability-in-aesthetic-experience-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Thomas Jacobsen, Susan Beudt
Based on psychophysics' pragmatic dualism, we trace the cognitive neuroscience of stability and variability in aesthetic experience. With regard to different domains of aesthetic processing, we touch upon the relevance of cognitive schemata for aesthetic preference. Attitudes and preferences are explored in detail. Evolutionary constraints on attitude formation or schema generation are elucidated, just as the often seemingly arbitrary influences of social, societal, and cultural nature are. A particular focus is put on the concept of critical periods during an individual's ontogenesis...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188637/objectification-of-people-and-thoughts-an-attitude-change-perspective
#9
Pablo Briñol, Richard E Petty, Jennifer Belding
Many objectification phenomena can be understood from a mind-body dualism perspective in which the more people focus on their bodies, the less they focus on their minds. Instead of viewing mind and body in opposition to each other, we advocate for a more reciprocal view in which mind and body work in conjunction. Consistent with an integrated mind-body approach, we begin our review by describing research on embodied persuasion revealing that focusing on our own body can reduce but also increase thinking (elaboration), as well as affecting the use of thoughts in forming evaluations (validation)...
February 11, 2017: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160297/-thinking-ill-of-others-without-sufficient-warrant-transcending-the-accuracy-inaccuracy-dualism-in-prejudice-and-stereotyping-research
#10
John Dixon
Research on prejudice seeks to understand and transform inaccurate beliefs about others. Indeed, historically such research has offered a cautionary tale of the biased nature of human cognition. Recently, however, this view has been challenged by work defending the essential rationality of intergroup perception, a theme captured controversially in Jussim and colleagues' (2009) research on the 'unbearable accuracy of stereotyping'. The present paper argues that in its own terms the 'rationalist turn' in socio-cognitive research on stereotyping presents an important challenge to the prejudice tradition, raising troubling questions about its conceptual and empirical foundations...
March 2017: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154246/steering-of-carcinoma-progression-by-the-yin-yang-interaction-of-stat1-stat3
#11
Karlheinz Friedrich, Helmut Dolznig, Xiaonan Han, Richard Moriggl
STAT1/STAT3 transcription factors are important regulators for development of normal, infected or inflammed cells. They are also critically involved in the progression of various malignant tumours, including epithelial-derived carcinomas. Here, we focus on colorectal cancer (CRC) insights for STAT1/3, where controversial functions for STAT3 were reported. For a long time STAT3 has been regarded as a driver of tumour malignancy and its activation was associated with negative clinical outcome. In contrast, STAT1 was generally viewed as an independent tumour suppressor and positive prognostic marker...
February 2, 2017: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131151/facilitating-the-transition-of-nurse-clinician-to-nurse-scientist-significance-of-entry-phd-courses
#12
Deborah K Armstrong, Mary McCurry, Nancy M Dluhy
Transitioning into the role of nurse scientist requires the acquisition of new knowledge but also involves the development of new scholarly skills and the appropriation of the unique values and goals of the new role. Students engaged in doctor of philosophy education in all practice disciplines are confronted with a necessary shift in perspective and identity from that of the practice expert to the research scientist and experience a tension referred to as the research-practice dualism. The purpose of this article is to examine the ramifications of this identity shift in nursing doctor of philosophy education and to detail one program's strategy to address the inherent tension...
January 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058670/theorizing-with-out-mediators
#13
Wolff-Michael Roth, Alfredo Jornet
Mediation is one of the most often cited concepts in current cultural-historical theory literature, in which cultural actions and artifacts are often characterized as mediators standing between situational stimuli and behavioral responses. Most often presented as a means to overcome Cartesian dualism between subject and object, and between individual and society, some scholars have nonetheless raised criticism suggesting that such mediators are problematic for a dialectical psychology that takes a unit analysis (monist) approach...
January 5, 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041845/inverse-bayesian-inference-as-a-key-of-consciousness-featuring-a-macroscopic-quantum-logical-structure
#14
Yukio-Pegio Gunji, Shuji Shinohara, Taichi Haruna, Vasileios Basios
To overcome the dualism between mind and matter and to implement consciousness in science, a physical entity has to be embedded with a measurement process. Although quantum mechanics have been regarded as a candidate for implementing consciousness, nature at its macroscopic level is inconsistent with quantum mechanics. We propose a measurement-oriented inference system comprising Bayesian and inverse Bayesian inferences. While Bayesian inference contracts probability space, the newly defined inverse one relaxes the space...
February 2017: Bio Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002948/survival-of-vinyl-chloride-respiring-dehalococcoides-mccartyi-under-long-term-electron-donor-limitation
#15
Koshlan Mayer-Blackwell, Mohammad F Azizian, Jennifer K Green, Alfred M Spormann, Lewis Semprini
In anoxic groundwater aquifers, the long-term survival of Dehalococcoides mccartyi populations expressing the gene vcrA (or bvcA) encoding reductive vinyl chloride dehalogenases are important to achieve complete dechlorination of tetrachloroethene (PCE) and trichloroethene (TCE) to nonchlorinated ethene. The absence or inactivity of vcrA-containing Dehalococcoides results in the accumulation of the harmful chlorinated intermediates dichloroethene (DCE) and vinyl chloride (VC). Although vcrA-containing Dehalococcoides subpopulations depend on synergistic interaction with other organohalide-respiring populations generating their metabolic electron acceptors (DCE and VC), their survival requires successful competition for electron donor within the entire organohalide-respiring microbial community...
January 17, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859566/does-the-body-survive-death-cultural-variation-in-beliefs-about-life-everlasting
#16
Rachel E Watson-Jones, Justin T A Busch, Paul L Harris, Cristine H Legare
Mounting evidence suggests that endorsement of psychological continuity and the afterlife increases with age. This developmental change raises questions about the cognitive biases, social representations, and cultural input that may support afterlife beliefs. To what extent is there similarity versus diversity across cultures in how people reason about what happens after death? The objective of this study was to compare beliefs about the continuation of biological and psychological functions after death in Tanna, Vanuatu (a Melanesian archipelago), and the United States (Austin, Texas)...
November 17, 2016: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858464/the-use-of-social-networking-sites-snss-in-health-communication-campaigns-review-and-recommendations
#17
Jingyuan Shi, Thanomwong Poorisat, Charles T Salmon
The past decade has witnessed a rapid increase in the use of Social Networking Sites (SNSs) in health communication campaigns seeking to achieve an ambitious range of health-related impacts. This article provides a review of 40 studies and research protocols, with a focus on two key factors that differentiate SNSs from more traditional health communication approaches of the past. The first is the potential dualism between message sender and receiver, in which receivers become receiver-sources who forward and amplify the content and reach of health messages...
November 18, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753149/functional-dystonia-and-the-borderland-between-neurology-and-psychiatry-new-concepts
#18
REVIEW
Rachel Newby, Jane Alty, Peter Kempster
Mind-brain dualism has dominated historical commentary on dystonia, a dichotomous approach that has left our conceptual grasp of it stubbornly incomplete. This is particularly true of functional dystonia, most diagnostically challenging of all functional movement disorders, in which the question of inherent psychogenicity remains a focus of debate. Phenomenological signs considered in isolation lack the specificity to distinguish organic and nonorganic forms, and dystonia's variability has frustrated attempts to develop objective laboratory-supported standards...
December 2016: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27640871/pendulating-a-grounded-theory-explaining-patients-behavior-shortly-after-having-a-leg-amputated-due-to-vascular-disease
#19
Ulla Riis Madsen, Ami Hommel, Carina Bååth, Connie Bøttcher Berthelsen
INTRODUCTION: Although the group of vascular leg amputated patients constitutes some of the most vulnerable and frail on the orthopedic wards, previous research of amputated patients has focused on patients attending gait training in rehabilitation facilities leaving the patient experience shortly after surgery unexplored. Understanding patients' behavior shortly after amputation could inform health professionals in regard to how these vulnerable patients' needs at hospital can be met as well as how to plan for care post-discharge...
2016: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616614/anatomopathological-changes-of-the-cardiac-conduction-system-in-sudden-cardiac-death-particularly-in-infants-advances-over-the-last-25-years
#20
REVIEW
Giulia Ottaviani, L Maximilian Buja
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is defined as the unexpected death without an obvious noncardiac cause that occurs within 1 h of witnessed symptom onset (established SCD) or within 24 h of unwitnessed symptom onset (probable SCD). In the United States, its incidence is 69/100,000 per year. Dysfunctions of the cardiac conduction and autonomic nervous systems are known to contribute to SCD pathogenesis, even if most clinicians and cardiovascular pathologists lack experience with detailed examination of the cardiac conduction system and fail to recognize lesions that are crucial to explain the SCD itself...
November 2016: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
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