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Internal jugular vein

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928674/the-gly-16-allele-of-the-g16r-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-in-the-%C3%AE-2-adrenergic-receptor-gene-augments-the-glycemic-response-to-adrenaline-in-humans
#1
Kim Z Rokamp, Jonatan M Staalsø, Morten Zaar, Peter Rasmussen, Lonnie G Petersen, Rikke V Nielsen, Niels H Secher, Niels V Olsen, Henning B Nielsen
Cerebral non-oxidative carbohydrate consumption may be driven by a β2-adrenergic mechanism. This study tested whether the 46G > A (G16R) single nucleotide polymorphism of the β2-adrenergic receptor gene (ADRB2) influences the metabolic and cerebrovascular responses to administration of adrenaline. Forty healthy Caucasian men were included from a group of genotyped individuals. Cardio- and cerebrovascular variables at baseline and during a 60-min adrenaline infusion (0.06 μg kg(-1) min(-1)) were measured by Model flow, near-infrared spectroscopy and transcranial Doppler sonography...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923674/internal-jugular-vein-thrombosis-an-atypical-location-of-venous-thromboembolic-disease
#2
María Fuentes Spínola, Juan Criado-García, Laura Limia Pérez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916048/patency-of-common-carotid-artery-and-internal-jugular-vein-after-a-simple-vessel-sparing-cannulation-for-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-support
#3
Mustafa Kurkluoglu, Sara Badia, Syed Murfad Peer, Richard Jonas, Venkat Shankar, Pranava Sinha
BACKGROUND: Common carotid artery and internal jugular vein are commonly cannulated for establishment of peripheral venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA ECMO) support. We present our results of a vessel sparing cannulation technique for neck vessels, which helps maintain vessel patency after decannulation. METHODS: All patients who underwent ECMO, between January 2004 and January 2013 at a single center, were retrospectively reviewed. Follow up data for the patency of common carotid artery (CCA) and internal jugular vein (IJV) after decannulation were recorded...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899228/intraoperative-venoplasty-to-facilitate-placement-of-tunneled-catheters-for-hemodialysis
#4
Afsha Aurshina, Anil Hingorani, Natalie Marks, Enrico Ascher
Objective With the implementation of the K-DOQI guidelines, more patients are in need of long-term dialysis catheters until maturation of the arteriovenous fistula. However, on occasion, when placing a tunneled cuffed catheter for hemodialysis, we have encountered difficulty with passing the guidewire in spite of demonstration of a patent cervical portion of the internal jugular vein on duplex. Herein, we review our experience with intraoperative venoplasty for placement of Tesio™ catheters (Medcomp Harleysville, PA)...
January 1, 2017: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894011/palpitations-in-a-72-year-old-woman
#5
Claire A Martin, Parag R Gajendragadkar, Sharad Agarwal
CLINICAL INTRODUCTION: A 72-year-old woman presented with an 8-year history of palpitations occurring every few weeks. They were sudden in onset, were associated with dizziness and could last for up to 2 hours. She was prescribed bisoprolol which reduced the frequency of events but did not abolish them. Baseline ECG and echocardiography were normal. She was referred for electrophysiological study. Despite initial difficulties, diagnostic catheters were placed in the right ventricular (RV) apex and in the coronary sinus (CS) via the right internal jugular vein and superior vena cava (SVC) (figure 1A)...
October 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893705/safety-and-feasibility-of-temporary-superior-vena-cava-filter-combined-with-balloon-dilatation-and-catheter-directed-thrombolysis-for-catheter-related-thrombosis
#6
Bo Zhang, Ke-Tong Wu, Yong-Jian Guo, Lin Li, Hai-Yang Lai
BACKGROUND: The objective was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of temporary superior vena cava (SVC) filter combined with balloon dilatation and catheter-directed thrombolysis for the treatment of catheter related thrombosis (CRT) caused by implanted ports. METHODS: Between February 2014 and October 2016, thirteen patients with implanted port-related CRT in internal jugular vein, brachiocephalic vein and/or subclavian vein were treated by temporary SVC filter, balloon dilatation and catheter-directed thrombolysis...
September 8, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893026/superior-vena-cava-as-gateway-to-heart-metastatic-breast-carcinoma-causing-ball-in-a-loop-metastasis-to-right-atrium
#7
Harpreet Singh Sandhu, Sampath Kumar Mahadevappa Mahendrakar, Sulaiman Sadruddin Ladhani, Azizullah Hafizullah Khan, Yunus Shafi Loya
Breast carcinoma is the most common invasive cancer in women worldwide. It metastasizes commonly to bone, lungs, regional lymph nodes and brain. Cardiac metastasis of lung and breast cancers is a known but rare complication of advanced disease with tumour metastasising to pericardium via the locoregional lymphatic system. Here we present a case of 59-year-old female presenting with right upper limb oedema, facial puffiness and features of Superior Vena Cava (SVC) syndrome 15 years after mastectomy and adjuvant chemotherapy, radiotherapy for carcinoma of the right breast...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890314/bilateral-clavicular-attachment-of-omohyoid-muscle
#8
N Singh, M Kathole, J Kaur, V Mehta, R K Suri, G Rath, M Kohli
Omohyoid muscle present in cervical region is of particular importance to anatomists as it defines anteriorly the carotid triangle and divides the posterior cervical triangle. It has superior and inferior bellies and an intermediate common tendon. Like sternohyoid, sternothyroid and thyrohyoid muscles, omohyoid is also an infrahyoid muscle, but it differs from them in its course. The infrahyoid muscles are formed from a muscle primordium occurring in the anterior cervical area. Anderson (Anderson, 1881) theorized that the superior belly of the omohyoid muscle is a true infrahyoid muscle, whereas the inferior belly most likely shares a common embryology with the subclavius muscle...
September 7, 2017: Morphologie: Bulletin de L'Association des Anatomistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887680/cervical-vertebroplasty-under-sedoanalgesia-using-combined-ultrasonography-and-fluoroscopy-guidance-a-novel-technique
#9
Serbülent Gökhan Beyaz, Havva Sayhan, Mustafa Erkan İnanmaz, Mustafa Orhan
PURPOSE: The aim of this report was to describe a case using combined USG and fluoroscopy for cervical VP via a percutaneous route under sedoanalgesia. METHODS: A 70-year-old male patient had severe neck pain for 6 weeks because of metastatic mass lesions in C6. After the decision to VP, the patient was placed on the operating table and 2 mg midazolam and 75 µg fentanyl were administered for conscious sedation. Localisation of the carotid artery, internal jugular vein, and trachea had been determined with USG...
September 8, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880382/reproducibility-of-point-of-care-ultrasonography-for-central-vein-diameter-measurement-separating-image-acquisition-from-interpretation
#10
Brian P Lucas, Antonietta D'Addio, Jennifer Clark, Clay Block, Harold Manning, Brian Remillard, J C Leiter
PURPOSE: Central vein point-of-care ultrasonography must be reproducible to detect intravascular volume changes. We sought to determine which measurement step, image acquisition or interpretation, could be more compromising for reproducibility. METHODS: Three investigators each acquired inferior vena cava (IVC) and internal jugular (IJV) vein ultrasonographic sequences (US) from a convenience sample of 21 hospitalized general medicine participants and then interpreted each US three separate times...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876556/crossbow-injury-to-the-neck
#11
T Omura, M Asieri, S Rambarran, S Moeng
Crossbow injuries are uncommon among penetrating trauma. The tendency for a crossbow bolt to remain in situ appears to limit catastrophic haemorrhage despite the involvement of major vessels.1 Here we report our experience with an injury to the left internal jugular vein by a crossbow bolt. The injury was successfully treated by emergency neck exploration.
March 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874626/anatomical-variations-of-cervical-vein-drainage-in-candidates-for-neck-surgery
#12
Raoul Borioni, Federico Maspes, Virgilio Baldassarre, Mariano Garofalo
The knowledge of both normal and abnormal anatomy of the veins of the neck may be important for surgeons performing neck surgery, to avoid inadvertent injury to vascular structures. In a 75-year-old man candidated to carotid endarterectomy preoperative CT-scan showed a rare anomaly of the venous drainage in the area of the anterior jugular vein (AJV), that usually begins in the suprahyoid region via the confluence of several superficial veins, to open into the ipsilateral external jugular vein. A large left sided venous trunk, originating from an anomalous proximal confluence with the internal jugular vein, descended in the AJV anatomical position, to cross over the sternum draining into the right subclavian vein...
2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862474/tympanic-membrane-temperature-decreases-during-head-up-tilt-relation-to-frontal-lobe-oxygenation-and-middle-cerebral-artery-mean-blood-flow-velocity
#13
David Lorr, Anton Lund, Mats Fredrikson, Niels H Secher
INTRODUCTION: Changes in blood flow influence temperature of surrounding tissues. Since the internal carotid artery (ICA) and internal jugular vein (IJV) neighbor the tympanic membrane, changes in their blood flow most likely determine changes in tympanic membrane temperature (TMT). We sought to evaluate the relationship between changes during a head-up tilt (HUT) induced reduction in cerebral blood flow (CBF) and TMT. METHODS: Ten male subjects (age 19-28 years) underwent 50° HUT until presyncope...
September 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858539/radiographic-findings-of-distressed-venous-stents-and-inferior-vena-cava-filters-clinical-implications
#14
Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick, Steven D Abramowitz, Matthew L Osher, Minhaj S Khaja, Kyle J Cooper, Wael E Saad, David M Williams
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to describe an association between the radiographic appearance of distressed intravascular implants and venous stenosis or occlusion and to determine the success of reparative endovascular procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-eight patients with distressed stents or inferior vena cava (IVC) filters characterized by pursing (short-axis contracture), straightening, longitudinal contraction (long-axis contracture), or fracture were identified from retrospective review of a venous registry for the period from February 2004 to October 2016...
August 31, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857905/incidence-of-cannula-associated-deep-vein-thrombosis-after-veno-venous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#15
Jay Menaker, Ali Tabatabai, Raymond Rector, Katelyn Dolly, Joseph Kufera, Eugenia Lee, Zachary Kon, Pablo Sanchez, Si Pham, Daniel L Herr, Michael Mazzeffi, Ronald P Rabinowitz, James V O'Connor, Deborah M Stein, Thomas M Scalea
Limited literature regarding the incidence of cannula-associated deep vein thrombosis (CaDVT) after veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV ECMO) exists. The purpose of this study was to identify the incidence of post decannulation CaDVT and identify any associated risk factors. Forty-eight patients were admitted between August 2014 and January 2016 to the Lung Rescue Unit were included in the study. Protocolized anticoagulation levels (partial thromboplastin time [PTT] 45-55 seconds) and routine post decannulation DVT screening were in place during the study period...
September 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844205/ultrasound-guided-central-venous-catheter-placement-a-structured-review-and-recommendations-for-clinical-practice
#16
REVIEW
Bernd Saugel, Thomas W L Scheeren, Jean-Louis Teboul
The use of ultrasound (US) has been proposed to reduce the number of complications and to increase the safety and quality of central venous catheter (CVC) placement. In this review, we describe the rationale for the use of US during CVC placement, the basic principles of this technique, and the current evidence and existing guidelines for its use. In addition, we recommend a structured approach for US-guided central venous access for clinical practice. Static and real-time US can be used to visualize the anatomy and patency of the target vein in a short-axis and a long-axis view...
August 28, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840082/the-potentiality-for-development-of-multiple-dural-arteriovenous-fistulas-after-ligation-of-the-internal-jugular-vein-a-case-report
#17
Hirotaka Fudaba, Takeshi Kubo, Makoto Goda, Kenji Sugita, Masaki Morishige, Kouhei Onishi, Keisuke Ishii, Mitsuhiro Anan, Yasuyuki Nagai, Minoru Fujiki
A 74-year-old male presented with an intracranial hemorrhage caused by multiple dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) in the left transverse sinus and right sigmoid sinus. Four months previously, the patient underwent tongue cancer removal with lymph node dissection and ligation of the right internal jugular vein. Endovascular embolization (transvenous and transarterial embolization) resulted in the complete disappearance of the fistulas. Follow-up angiography revealed new arteriovenous shunts at the superior sagittal sinus and right transverse sinus, and we treated the patient with staged transarterial embolization...
July 2017: NMC Case Rep J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839334/central-venous-catheter-related-thrombosis-in-intensive-care-patients-incidence-and-risk-factors-a-prospective-observational-study
#18
Ondrej Hrdy, Eva Strazevska, Petr Suk, Robert Vach, Radim Karlik, Jiri Jarkovsky, Igor Sas, Roman Gal
BACKGROUND: One of the complications associated with central venous catheter (CVC) placement is catheter related deep vein thrombosis (CR-DVT). However a literature search revealed little evidence of this recognised complication. The primary aim of this study was to establish the incidence rate and risk factors for the development of CR-DVT in our critically ill adult patients. METHODS: All critically ill adult patients admitted to the medical-surgical ICU with CVC inserted were included in this observational prospective study...
August 24, 2017: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835825/lemierre-s-syndrome-necrotizing-pneumonia-and-staphylococcal-septic-shock-treated-with-extracorporeal-life-support
#19
Adrian C Mattke, Sudesh Prabhu, Julia Clark, Robert Labrom, Hanna Burns, Luregn J Schlapbach
OBJECTIVES: Lemierre's syndrome cause by methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus is rare, but can lead to necrotizing pneumonia and septicaemia. When treating such patient with extracorporeal life support source control can be both challenging and controversial. METHODS: In this report we present a 12 year old male who presented with Lemierre's syndrome from which he developed septic shock and severe necrotizing pneumonia. He also showed multiple pulmonary embolisms from the internal jugular vein thrombi, resulting in acute respiratory distress syndrome...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832796/transverse-sternal-split-a-safe-mini-invasive-approach-for-perventricular-device-closure-of-ventricular-septal-defect
#20
Pankaj Garg, Arvind Kumar Bishnoi, Ketav Lakhia, Jigar Surti, Sumbul Siddiqui, Parth Solanki, Himani Pandya
Objective: Perventricular device closure of ventricular septal defect through midline sternotomy avoids the cardiopulmonary bypass, however, lacks the cosmetic advantage. Perventricular device closure of ventricular septal defect with transverse split sternotomy was performed to add the cosmetic advantage of mini-invasive technique. Methods: Thirty-six pediatric patients with mean age 7.14±3.24 months and weight 5.00±0.88 kg were operated for perventricular device closure of ventricular septal defect through transverse split sternotomy in 4th intercostal space under transesophageal echocardiography guidance...
May 2017: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
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