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Internal jugular vein

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148903/an-onyx-tunnel-reconstructive-transvenous-balloon-assisted-onyx-embolization-for-dural-arteriovenous-fistula-of-the-transverse-sigmoid-sinus
#1
Mena G Kerolus, Joonho Chung, Stephen A Munich, Yoshikazu Matsuda, Hideo Okada, Demetrius K Lopes
Transvenous embolization is an effective method for treating dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) of the transverse-sigmoid sinus (TSS). However, in cases of complicated DAVFs, it is difficult to preserve the patency of the dural sinus. The authors describe the technical details of a new reconstructive technique using transvenous balloon-assisted Onyx embolization as another treatment option in a patient with an extensive and complex DAVF of the left TSS. A microcatheter and compliant balloon catheter were navigated into the left internal jugular vein and placed at the distal end of the DAVF in the transverse sinus...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142772/rare-case-of-an-extraosseous-cervical-chordoma-with-both-intradural-and-extensive-extraspinal-involvement
#2
Victor Awuor, Christopher E Stewart, Albert Camma, Julie Renner, J M Tongson
Background: Chordomas must be considered among the differential diagnoses for extradural spinal tumors, especially involving the clival or sacrococcygeal regions. They are often locally invasive and destructive to the osseous structures from which they arise, but rarely extend intradurally. Here, we report a unique chordoma that was intradural and spanned nearly four subaxial cervical vertebral levels. Case Description: We report the case of an atypical intradural chordoma that spanned four subaxial levels of the cervical spine in an 81-year-old female...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132942/treatment-with-dalbavancin-in-a-patient-with-septic-thrombophlebitis-of-the-internal-jugular-vein-due-to-staphylococcus-aureus-after-insertion-of-an-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator
#3
Javier Martínez-Sanz, Luis Gijón de la Santa, Miguel Torralba
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2017: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132805/feasibility-of-the-use-of-transesophageal-echocardiography-as-a-surface-probe-for-puncturing-and-catheterization-of-the-internal-jugular-vein-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#4
Yi Teng, Mengchan Ou, Hai Yu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) probe as a surface probe with the vascular probe for guiding internal jugular vein (IJV) catheterization. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled pilot study. SETTING: University hospital. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred cardiac surgery patients, including 50 adult and 50 pediatric patients. INTERVENTIONS: Patients in the TEE probe group received right IJV catheterization using the TEE probe, while the vascular probe group used the vascular probe for catheterization...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132056/central-venous-pressure-and-ultrasonographic-measurement-correlation-and-their-associations-with-intradialytic-adverse-events-in-hospitalized-patients-a-prospective-observational-study
#5
Hiroshi Sekiguchi, Luke A Seaburg, Jun Suzuki, Walter J Astorne, Anil S Patel, A Scott Keller, Ognjen Gajic, Kianoush B Kashani
PURPOSE: To investigate correlation of central venous pressure (CVP) with ultrasonographic measurement of central veins, along with association between these variables and occurrence of intradialytic adverse events in hospitalized patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients requiring hemodialysis via dialysis catheter were prospectively enrolled. CVP measurements through catheter, internal jugular vein aspect ratio, subclavian vein collapsibility, inferior vena cava (IVC) maximal diameter, and IVC collapsibility were recorded before and after hemodialysis...
October 29, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123565/lemierre-s-syndrome-a-rare-cause-of-disseminated-sepsis-requiring-multi-organ-support
#6
John Rae, Katie Misselbrook
Lemierre's syndrome is a rare complication of acute pharyngitis characterised by septicaemia with infective thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein, most commonly due to Fusobacterium necrophorum. It characteristically affects healthy young adults causing persistent pyrexia and systemic sepsis presenting several days after an initial pharyngitis. Septic emboli seed via the bloodstream to distant sites including the lung, joints, skin, liver, spleen and brain. Prolonged antimicrobial therapy is required and admission to intensive care common...
November 2017: J Intensive Care Soc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118021/venous-collapse-regulates-intracranial-pressure-in-upright-body-positions
#7
Petter Holmlund, Anders Eklund, Lars-Owe D Koskinen, Elias Johansson, Nina Sundström, Jan Malm, Sara Qvarlander
Recent interest in intracranial pressure (ICP) in the upright posture has revealed that the mechanisms regulating postural changes in ICP are not fully understood. We have suggested an explanatory model where the postural changes in ICP depend on well-established hydrostatic effects in the venous system and where these effects are interrupted by collapse of the internal jugular veins (IJVs) in more upright positions. The aim of this study was to investigate this relationship by simultaneous invasive measurements of ICP, venous pressure and IJV collapse in healthy volunteers...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114973/internal-jugular-vein-stenosis-induced-intracranial-hypertension-can-be-resolved-by-stenting
#8
Da Zhou, Ran Meng, Xuxiang Zhang, Linlin Guo, Sijie Li, Weijuan Wu, Jiangang Duan, Haiqing Song, Yuchuan Ding, Xunming Ji
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is characterized by abnormally elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) without identifiable etiology. Recently, however, a subset of patients with presumed IIH have been found with isolated internal jugular vein (IJV) stenosis in the absence of intracranial abnormalities. METHODS: Fifteen consecutive patients were screened from 46 patients suspected as IIH and were finally confirmed as isolated IJV stenosis. The stenotic IJV was corrected with stenting when a trans-stenotic mean pressure gradient (∆MPG) was equal or higher than 5...
November 8, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109632/a-manikin-based-evaluation-of-a-teaching-modality-for-ultrasound-guided-infraclavicular-longitudinal-in-plane-axillary-vein-cannulation-in-comparison-with-ultrasound-guided-internal-jugular-vein-cannulation-a-pilot-study
#9
Sanjib Adhikary, Patrick McQuillan, Michael Fortunato, David Owen, Wai-Man Liu, Venkatesan Thiruvenkatarajan
Background and Aims: Ultrasound (US)-guided infraclavicular approach for axillary vein (AXV) cannulation has gained popularity in the last decade. Material and Methods: In this manikin study, we evaluated the feasibility of a training model for teaching AXV cannulation. The learning pattern with this technique was assessed among attending anesthesiologists and residents in training. Results: A faster learning pattern was observed for AXV cannulation among the attending anesthesiologists and residents in training, irrespective of their prior experience with US...
July 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098252/-comparative-study-of-functional-neck-dissection-and-radical-neck-dissection-for-early-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#10
Shao-Ming Li, Ling Gao, Wen-Hao Ren, Ke-Qian Zhi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical effects of functional neck dissection(FND) and radical neck dissection(RND) on early oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). METHODS: A total of 63 OSCC patients were divides into 2 groups. Patients in FND group (n=30) underwent functional neck dissection with preservation of sternocleidomastoid muscle, accessory nerve, internal jugular vein and great auricular nerve, while patients in RND group (n=33) underwent radical neck dissection...
June 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097337/electrocardiographic-guided-technique-for-placement-of-ventriculo-atrial-shunts-a-valid-and-cost-effective-technical-simplification
#11
Giuseppe Maria Della Pepa, Giovanni Sabatino, Elisabetta Peppucci, Carmelo Lucio Sturiale, Alessio Albanese, Alfredo Puca, Alessandro Olivi, Enrico Marchese, Valerio Perotti
BACKGROUND: Ventriculo-atrial (VA) shunt is a routine technique for the treatment of hydrocephalus. Correct position at superior vena cava-right atrium junction is generally assessed by X-ray. We herein present the first experience of an alternative, non-radiographic technique to assess the distal end of the VA-shunts through an electrocardiographic (EKG) method. Such a technique is mutuated from the very large experience on central-venous catheters (CVC) worldwide: the EKG-guided method is a common and validated alternative to the standard radiological control of the location of the tip of any CVC...
October 30, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095736/outcomes-with-the-tandem-protek-duo-dual-lumen-percutaneous-right-ventricular-assist-device
#12
Ashwin K Ravichandran, David A Baran, Kelly Stelling, Jennifer A Cowger, Christopher T Salerno
Recently, a percutaneous right ventricular assist device (RVAD) called the TandemLife Protek Duo (TPD; TandemLife, Pittsburgh, PA) has been introduced. The Protek Duo (TPD) is a temporary RVAD placed via the right internal jugular vein, capable of providing up to 4.5 L of flow. We report a two-center experience using the TPD in 17 patients with right ventricular (RV) failure, 12 of whom were post-left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation.
October 31, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095387/point-of-care-ultrasound-identification-of-internal-jugular-vein-thrombosis-in-newly-diagnosed-lymphoma
#13
Joanna C Ekstrom, Valerie Whitcomb, Kelly R Bergmann
We present a case of a child who presented with neck swelling and was ultimately diagnosed with lymphoma after an internal jugular vein thrombosis was discovered by point-of-care ultrasound. The use of point-of-care ultrasound enabled thrombus detection, which prompted further evaluation and treatment.
October 31, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092098/differentiated-and-anaplastic-thyroid-carcinoma-major-changes-in-the-american-joint-committee-on-cancer-eighth-edition-cancer-staging-manual
#14
REVIEW
Nancy D Perrier, James D Brierley, R Michael Tuttle
Answer questions and earn CME/CNE This is a review of the major changes in the American Joint Committee on Cancer staging manual, eighth edition, for differentiated and anaplastic thyroid carcinoma. All patients younger than 55 years have stage I disease unless they have distant metastases, in which case, their disease is stage II. In patients aged 55 years or older, the presence of distant metastases confers stage IVB, while cases without distant metastases are further categorized based on the presence/absence of gross extrathyroidal extension, tumor size, and lymph node status...
November 1, 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091252/difficulties-of-distal-catheter-insertion-of-ventriculoatrial-shunting-in-infants-and-little-children
#15
Hakan Erdogan, Adnan Altun, Enis Kuruoglu, Ahmet Hilmi Kaya, Adnan Dagcinar
AIM: Ventriculoatrial (VA) shunting is a well-described cerebrospinal fluid diversion method for the treatment of hydrocephalus. However, it may be very challenging in infants and little children because of atrial catheter placement difficulties. This study aimed to create an algorithm to solve problems faced during open surgical procedures based on the present authors' experience. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis on 18 infants and children who underwent VA shunt insertion at the Department of Neurosurgery, Ondokuz Mayıs University School of Medicine Hospital between 2005 and 2012...
September 26, 2017: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072873/not-just-a-simple-sore-throat
#16
Olivia Jones, Aram Salehi
The presentation of a 'sore throat' is common and often requires only symptomatic treatment. This is the case of a 20-year-old female who presented with persistent symptoms of a sore throat. On admission she had raised inflammatory markers and a subsequent blood culture demonstrated a fusobacterium necrophorum and arcanobacterium haemolyticum bacteraemia. Further investigations established an internal jugular vein thrombosis, confirming the diagnosis of Lemierre's syndrome. This case highlights the importance of further investigation when a sore throat fails to improve, and to remember this often-forgotten syndrome...
2017: Acute Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072869/research-protocol-intravenous-access-during-resuscitation-the-ivar-trial
#17
Pwb Nanayakkara, Y M Smulder
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of central versus peripheral drug administration on the rate of return of organised electrical activity and/or spontaneous circulation during CPR. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. STUDY POPULATION: Hospitalized patients and patients presenting at the emergency department, older than 18 years, requiring CPR. INTERVENTION: Central venous access Main study parameters/endpoints: Combined primary endpoint: rate of appearance of organised electrical activity or return of spontaneous circulation...
2017: Acute Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067619/transparent-model-of-temporal-bone-and-vestibulocochlear-organ-made-by-3d-printing
#18
Ryoji Suzuki, Naoto Taniguchi, Fujio Uchida, Akimitsu Ishizawa, Yoshinori Kanatsu, Ming Zhou, Kodai Funakoshi, Hideo Akashi, Hiroshi Abe
The vestibulocochlear organ is composed of tiny complex structures embedded in the petrous part of the temporal bone. Landmarks on the temporal bone surface provide the only orientation guide for dissection, but these need to be removed during the course of dissection, making it difficult to grasp the underlying three-dimensional structures, especially for beginners during gross anatomy classes. We report herein an attempt to produce a transparent three-dimensional-printed model of the human ear. En bloc samples of the temporal bone from donated cadavers were subjected to computed tomography (CT) scanning, and on the basis of the data, the surface temporal bone was reconstructed with transparent resin and the vestibulocochlear organ with white resin to create a 1:1...
October 24, 2017: Anatomical Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062620/ludwig-s-angina
#19
Stella Pak, David Cha, Chloe Meyer, Christine Dee, Adam Fershko
Ludwig's angina is a diffuse cellulitis in the submandibular, sublingual, and submental spaces, characterized by its propensity to spread rapidly to the surrounding tissues. Early recognition and treatment for Ludwig's angina are of paramount importance due to the myriad of complications that can occur in association with Ludwig's angina. Known complications of Ludwig's angina include carotid arterial rupture or sheath abscess, thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein, mediastinitis, empyema, pericardial effusion, osteomyelitis of the mandible, subphrenic abscess, aspiration pneumonia, and pleural effusion...
August 21, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060161/automatic-identification-of-blood-vessel-cross-section-for-central-venous-catheter-placement-using-a-cascading-classifier
#20
Mohammad Ikhsan, Kok Kiong Tan, Andi Sudjana Putra, Tsong Huey Sophia Chew, Chee Fai Kong
This paper presents a system that is able to automatically identify, segment, and track the cross-section of the internal jugular vein (IJV) and the common carotid artery (CCA) in an ultrasound image feed during a central venous catheter (CVC) placement procedure. The goal is to provide assistance to the practitioner in order to decrease the probability of complications stemming from inadvertent punctures of the CCA during the procedure. In the system, a modified Star algorithm is implemented to segment and track the blood vessel throughout an ultrasound video feed...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
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