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eating habits of university students.

Michael V Hull, Andrew R Jagim, Jonathan M Oliver, Mike Greenwood, Deanna R Busteed, Margaret T Jones
BACKGROUND: Limited research exists on the effect of a sports dietitian (SD) on athletes' dietary habits and nutrient periodization, which is the deliberate manipulation of macronutrient intake to match training goals. Further, the difference in dietary habits between men and women collegiate athletes has been understudied. A survey questionnaire examining dietary habits and practices was administered to athletes at two universities that employed a full time SD. Not all athletes used the SD as their primary source for nutritional guidance...
2016: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
Macarena Valladares, Elizabeth Durán, Alexis Matheus, Samuel Durán-Agüero, Ana María Obregón, Rodrigo Ramírez-Tagle
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between academic performance and eating behavior in university students in Chile. METHODS: A total of 680 college students, 409 (60%) women and 271 (40%) men, were randomly recruited and the mean age of the entire sample was 26. The Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ), which evaluates 3 dimensions of eating behavior-cognitive restriction (limiting own intake), uncontrolled eating (inclination to eat), and emotional eating (control of food intake in the context of negative emotions)-was used...
October 13, 2016: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Sherweit El-Ahmady, Lamia El-Wakeel
A cross-sectional study was conducted on a group of pharmacy students to assess the relation between nutritional knowledge and awareness of university students and their nutrition habits and health related performance and indicators. The students were subjected to a questionnaire designed to approach four health related topics including nutrition literacy, health awareness, nutritional habits and health related performance. Answers on each topic were collected and statistical analysis was performed using GraphPad Prism 5 software including a measure of gender differences and correlative studies...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Community Health
Mohammad H Al-Qahtani
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the dietary habits and life style of medical students. DESIGN METHODS: This is a cross sectional study as self-reported questionnaire for the male and female medical students at College of Medicine University of Dammam, eastern province, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, comparing their habits and life style according to their gender and to their academic levels; 1(st), 3(rd) and 6(th) year. RESULTS: 562 students participated in the study with response rate of 91%, average age: 20...
July 2016: International Journal of Health Sciences
Hatice İşik, Şule Ergöl, Öner Aynioğlu, Ahmet Şahbaz, Ayşe Kuzu, Müge Uzun
BACKGROUND/AIM: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the incidence of PMS, risk factors affecting PMS symptoms, and life quality in health science students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 608 volunteer female students studying at the health campus of a state university in Turkey were included in the study. The participants were asked to fill out questionnaires on sociodemographic data, PMS symptoms, and SF-36 life quality tests. RESULTS: The overall frequency of PMS among participants was 84...
2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Meg Bruening, Stephanie Brennhofer, Irene van Woerden, Michael Todd, Melissa Laska
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity is a persistent public health concern; however, few studies have examined the factors related to food insecurity among college students, particularly college freshmen living in dormitories. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine the prevalence of food insecurity and associations with health outcomes among college freshmen. DESIGN: A diverse sample of freshmen (n=209) attending a large southwestern university and living in campus residence halls completed online surveys...
September 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Samantha J Hackbart, James D Lecheminant, John D Smith, Curt L Lox
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of an environmental cue (bowl size) on food consumption and to examine the influence of exercise on that relationship. This cross-sectional study included 286 college students attending a large Midwestern University. Upon arrival at an ice cream social for university students, participants were randomly given a small (8 oz) or large (12 oz) bowl and a 4-page survey addressing exercise and eating habits. At the social, participants were invited to dish themselves as much ice cream as they wanted and the amount consumed was determined by weighing the bowl with ice cream before and after consumption using a scale that measured to the nearest tenth of a gram...
2009: International Journal of Exercise Science
Sarah Ketchen Lipson, J Megan Jones, C Barr Taylor, Denise E Wilfley, Dawn M Eichen, Ellen E Fitzsimmons-Craft, Daniel Eisenberg
While there have been important recent advances in the development of effective universal prevention and intervention programs, it is not yet clear how to engage large numbers of students in these programs. In this paper, we report findings from a two-phase pilot study. In the first phase, we used a population-level, online survey to assess eating disorder symptom level and habits/attitudes related to service utilization (N=2180). Using validated screening tools, we found that roughly one in three students has significant symptoms of eating disorders or elevated weight concerns, the vast majority of whom (86...
April 9, 2016: Eating Behaviors
Mee Young Hong, Tahirih L Shepanski, Jaclyn B Gaylis
Maintaining healthy eating habits in college is challenging. Interventions focused on nutrition education can assist in reversing these trends of poor eating habits among college students. The purpose of the study was to identify factors affecting the dietary habits, food choices and BMI of college females majoring in nutrition (NMs) compared with non-nutrition majors (OMs). A questionnaire-based cross-sectional survey study of dietary behaviour and food frequency of 202 college females was conducted at San Diego State University...
2016: Journal of Nutritional Science
Katarzyna Kowalcze, Zofia Turyk, Małgorzata Drywień
BACKGROUND: Appropriate nutrition in humans is one of the most important factors affecting normal development, nutritional status and keeping healthy. University students can be overburdened with responsibilities arising from their studies which may result in abnormal diet/nutrition and decrease their levels of physical activity. OBJECTIVE: To determine and assess nutrition and eating habits for selected female students studying nutrition at the Siedlce University of Natural Sciences & Humanities (UPH), compared with young people from other academic centres also studying nutrition and having a similar education profile...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Katarzyna Zaborowicz, Jolanta Czarnocińska, Grzegorz Galiński, Paulina Kaźmierczak, Karolina Górska, Paweł Durczewski
INTRODUCTION: Nutrition is a factor influencing physical and mental fitness. In this study we examine the lifestyle of university students and its impact on nutritional errors. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the dietary behaviours of students taking into account gender and nutritional knowledge. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using a QEB questionnaire, we were able to evaluate dietary behaviours and nutritional knowledge of respondents. Our analysis was conducted on data obtained from 456 students...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Juan Antonio Córdova Hernández, David Del Valle Laveaga, Juan Manuel Muñoz Cano
BACKGROUND: The student population that is admitted to the University Juarez of Tabasco has poor healthy eating habits. Fasting glucose ≥5.6 mmol/L was found in 10% of the students. OBJECTIVE: We wanted to identify the sub-pattern of their eating habits that could explain the hyperglycemia. DESIGN: A questionnaire on the feeding habits was applied to 3,559 first-year students, who were subjected to a blood analysis to determine biochemical markers in 2011...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
Vesa Pohjola, Aino Rekola, Kristina Kunttu, Jorma I Virtanen
BACKGROUND: First-year university students are in a new, independent life situation, which may affect health behaviour, including oral health habits. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between dental fear and oral health habits, while considering the simultaneous effects of attitude toward food and treatment need at dental check-ups. METHODS: The data (n = 8514) for this national cross-sectional study were collected from health registers of Finnish Student Health Service...
2016: BMC Oral Health
Patrícia Maria Périco Perez, Inês Rugani Ribeiro de Castro, Amanda da Silva Franco, Daniel Henrique Bandoni, Daisy Blumenberg Wolkoff
Dietary practices of college students were described and examined according to the means by which they were admitted to the university (quota and non-quota students). A cross-sectional study was conducted with undergraduates (n = 1336) at a public university using a self-administered and identified questionnaire that inquired about their habits of eating breakfast and substituting lunch and/or dinner with snacks as well as the regular consumption (≥ 5 times a week) of markers for healthy and unhealthy eating...
February 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Abdulrahman O Musaiger, Fatima Al-Khalifa, Mariam Al-Mannai
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to highlight nutritional status, dietary habits and sedentary patterns among university students in Khartoum state, Sudan. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out among 400 university students (183 males and 217 females) from University of Khartoum, Sudan. A pre-validated self-reported questionnaire was used to collect the data. Weight and height were measured and body mass index was used to determine obesity status. RESULTS: Of the students, 20...
July 2016: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
Walid El Ansari, Sakari Suominen, Anastasia Samara
AIM: Poor eating habits among young adults are a public health concern. This survey examined the eating habits of undergraduate university students in Finland. We assessed students' dietary intake of a variety of food groups, their adherence to international dietary guidelines (whole sample and by gender), and the associations between importance of eating healthy and dietary guidelines adherence (whole sample and by gender). METHODS: During the 2013-2014 academic year, 1,189 undergraduate students enrolled at the University of Turku in southwestern Finland completed an online self-administered questionnaire...
December 2015: Central European Journal of Public Health
Ligia Orellana, Klaus G Grunert, José Sepúlveda, Germán Lobos, Marianela Denegri, Horacio Miranda, Cristian Adasme-Berríos, Marcos Mora, Soledad Etchebarne, Natalia Salinas-Oñate, Berta Schnettler
Self-discrepancy describes the distance between an ideal and the actual self. Research suggests that self-discrepancy and dietary restraint are related, causing a significant impact on the person's well-being. However, this relationship has been mostly reported in female and mixed populations. In order to further explore dietary behaviors and their relations to self-discrepancy and well-being-related variables in men, a survey was applied to a non-probabilistic sample of 119 male students from five Chilean state universities (mean age=21...
April 2016: Eating Behaviors
Katarzyna Góralska Lll, Alina Klimczak, Paweł Rachubiński, Aleksandra Jagłowska, Aleksandra Kwapiszewska
Foods rich in sugar are an excellent substrate for the microorganisms that inhabit the initial sections of the gastrointestinal tract, and one of the most commonly available sources of sugar is the sweetened drink. Students represent an interesting sub-population; the large number of classes and associated stress levels promote fixing of unhealthy behaviors, e.g. tendency to consume a lot of sweetened drinks, for example cola-type or energetic drinks. Aim of this study was to determine the relationship between the amount of sugar consumed in beverages and the prevalence of fungi in the oral cavity...
2015: Annals of Parasitology
Najat Yahia, Daniel Wang, Melyssa Rapley, Rajarshi Dey
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to assess weight status, dietary habits, physical activity, dietary beliefs, and nutrition knowledge among a sample of students from Central Michigan University. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among a sample of undergraduate students in Fall 2011 and Spring 2012 at Central Michigan University. Participating students completed an online questionnaire that included questions related to their eating habits, physical activity and lifestyle, dietary beliefs, and nutritional knowledge...
July 2016: Perspectives in Public Health
Walid El Ansari, Sakari Suominen, Gabriele Berg-Beckhoff
We examined nutrition behaviour, self-reported health and 20 health complaints of undergraduates in Finland. Students at the University of Turku in Finland participated in a cross-sectional online survey (N = 1189). For nutrition behaviour, we computed two composite food intake pattern scores (sweets, cakes and snacks; and fruits and vegetables), a dietary guideline adherence index and the subjective importance of healthy eating. Multinomial logistic regression assessed the association of students' nutrition behaviour with three levels of self-reported health, controlling for many potential confounders (age, sex, living with partner, economic situation, moderate physical activity, Faculty and BMI)...
October 2015: Nutrients
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