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eating habits of university students.

Berta Schnettler, Yesli Höger, Ligia Orellana, Horacio Miranda, Germán Lobos, José Sepúlveda, Mercedes Sanchez, Edgardo Miranda-Zapata, Marianela Denegri, Klaus G Grunert, Natalia Salinas-Oñate
The aim of this study was to categorize university students based on their association between food neophobia and levels of subjective well-being, in general and in the food domain, and their perception of their family's eating habits. A survey was conducted among 372 university students from southern Chile. The questionnaire included the Food Neophobia Scale (FNS), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), Satisfaction with Food-related Life (SWFL), Health-related Quality of Life Index (HRQOL-4), and Family Eating Habits Questionnaire (FEHQ)...
April 3, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Rachel Quehl, Jess Haines, Stephen P Lewis, Andrea C Buchholz
Researchers have found support for an inverse association between diet quality and depressive symptoms in middle-aged adults. This association has not been well examined among university students, a population at risk of developing both depression and unhealthy lifestyle habits. We sought to examine the cross-sectional association between depressive symptoms and diet quality in female university students. One hundred and forty-one females (19.1 ± 1.5 years, 22.3 ± 3.4 kg/m(2)) were recruited from a Canadian university in 2012 and 2013...
March 23, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
Silvia Navarro-Prado, Emilio González-Jiménez, Javier S Perona, Miguel A Montero-Alonso, Marta López-Bueno, Jacqueline Schmidt-RioValle
At present, few studies have assessed the possible influence of culture and religion on healthy eating habits among the university population. The aim of this study was to identify differences in healthy and eating habits among university students of different religions. A cross-sectional study was performed with a sample population of 257 students (22.4 ± 4.76 y) at the campus of the University of Granada in Melilla (Spain). The quality of diet was assessed by the Healthy Eating Index (HEI) and the adherence to the Mediterranean diet by a validated score (MDS)...
March 16, 2017: Appetite
Rafał Ilow, Bożena Regulska-Ilow, Dorota Różańska
Background: The World Health Organization considers an unhealthy diet to be related to the risk of cardiovascular diseases development. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate dietary habits among Wroclaw Medical University students with a view towards the nutritional risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Material and Methods: The study was conducted between the years 2004-2012. The study group consisted of 892 women and 276 men...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Najat Yahia, Carrie A Brown, Ericka Snyder, Stephanie Cumper, Andrea Langolf, Chelsey Trayer, Chelsea Green
Michigan has the 17th highest adult obesity rate in the United States. Among college-aged adults between 18 and 25 years old, the rate of obesity was 11.6%. Obesity is a key precedent for the development of metabolic syndrome. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its individual components among a sample of students at Central Michigan University. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 462 students, aged 18-25 years, in Spring 2015 and Fall/Spring 2016 semesters...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Community Health
Jennifer Hilger, Adrian Loerbroks, Katharina Diehl
A healthy diet plays a key role in preventing obesity and non-communicable diseases such as type 2 diabetes. This is true for all age groups, including young adults. While unhealthy eating habits among young adults, in particular university students, have been identified in former studies, this group has been neglected in existing health promotion strategies. Our aim was to explore baseline dietary intake, common barriers to healthy eating, and changes in eating behaviour among university students since the time of matriculation...
February 1, 2017: Appetite
Tom Deliens, Benedicte Deforche, Lieven Annemans, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Peter Clarys
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the effect of a 10 and 20% meal price increase when choosing French fries and a 10 and 20% meal price reduction when choosing fruit for dessert on university students' purchasing behaviour in an on-campus restaurant. The moderating effect of gender was also investigated. Secondly, this study aimed at gaining further insight into reasons why these price manipulations did or did not change students' purchasing behaviour. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This two-phased mixed-methods study was conducted in a Belgian on-campus university restaurant with approximately 1200 to 1300 student visitors per day...
2016: PloS One
Yolanda Campos-Uscanga, Gabriel Gutiérrez-Ospina, Jaime Morales-Romero, Tania Romo-González
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is characterized, among other features, by overeating, reduced physical activity and an abnormal accumulation of body fat. These features are thought to result, at least in part, from the individual's inability to self-regulate their eating and physical activity behaviors (E&PaB). Self-regulation of the E&PaB is a three-step sequential process: self-observation, self-evaluation and self-reaction. However, it is yet unclear whether deficient self-regulation of E&PaB could predispose, facilitate and/or consolidate obesity...
October 31, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Zhiping Yu, Michael Tan
Evidence of whether nutrition students are free from food-related issues or at higher risk for eating disorders is inconsistent. This study aimed to assess disordered eating behaviors and food addiction among nutrition and non-nutrition major college students. Students (n = 967, ages 18-25, female 72.7%, white 74.8%) enrolled at a public university completed online demographic characteristics surveys and validated questionnaires measuring specific disordered eating behaviors. Academic major category differences were compared...
October 26, 2016: Nutrients
Michael V Hull, Andrew R Jagim, Jonathan M Oliver, Mike Greenwood, Deanna R Busteed, Margaret T Jones
BACKGROUND: Limited research exists on the effect of a sports dietitian (SD) on athletes' dietary habits and nutrient periodization, which is the deliberate manipulation of macronutrient intake to match training goals. Further, the difference in dietary habits between men and women collegiate athletes has been understudied. A survey questionnaire examining dietary habits and practices was administered to athletes at two universities that employed a full time SD. Not all athletes used the SD as their primary source for nutritional guidance...
2016: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
Macarena Valladares, Elizabeth Durán, Alexis Matheus, Samuel Durán-Agüero, Ana María Obregón, Rodrigo Ramírez-Tagle
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between academic performance and eating behavior in university students in Chile. METHODS: A total of 680 college students, 409 (60%) women and 271 (40%) men, were randomly recruited and the mean age of the entire sample was 26. The Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ), which evaluates 3 dimensions of eating behavior-cognitive restriction (limiting own intake), uncontrolled eating (inclination to eat), and emotional eating (control of food intake in the context of negative emotions)-was used...
November 2016: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Sherweit El-Ahmady, Lamia El-Wakeel
A cross-sectional study was conducted on a group of pharmacy students to assess the relation between nutritional knowledge and awareness of university students and their nutrition habits and health related performance and indicators. The students were subjected to a questionnaire designed to approach four health related topics including nutrition literacy, health awareness, nutritional habits and health related performance. Answers on each topic were collected and statistical analysis was performed using GraphPad Prism 5 software including a measure of gender differences and correlative studies...
April 2017: Journal of Community Health
Mohammad H Al-Qahtani
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the dietary habits and life style of medical students. DESIGN METHODS: This is a cross sectional study as self-reported questionnaire for the male and female medical students at College of Medicine University of Dammam, eastern province, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, comparing their habits and life style according to their gender and to their academic levels; 1(st), 3(rd) and 6(th) year. RESULTS: 562 students participated in the study with response rate of 91%, average age: 20...
July 2016: International Journal of Health Sciences
Hatice İşik, Şule Ergöl, Öner Aynioğlu, Ahmet Şahbaz, Ayşe Kuzu, Müge Uzun
BACKGROUND/AIM: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the incidence of PMS, risk factors affecting PMS symptoms, and life quality in health science students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 608 volunteer female students studying at the health campus of a state university in Turkey were included in the study. The participants were asked to fill out questionnaires on sociodemographic data, PMS symptoms, and SF-36 life quality tests. RESULTS: The overall frequency of PMS among participants was 84...
2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Meg Bruening, Stephanie Brennhofer, Irene van Woerden, Michael Todd, Melissa Laska
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity is a persistent public health concern; however, few studies have examined the factors related to food insecurity among college students, particularly college freshmen living in dormitories. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine the prevalence of food insecurity and associations with health outcomes among college freshmen. DESIGN: A diverse sample of freshmen (n=209) attending a large southwestern university and living in campus residence halls completed online surveys...
September 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Samantha J Hackbart, James D Lecheminant, John D Smith, Curt L Lox
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of an environmental cue (bowl size) on food consumption and to examine the influence of exercise on that relationship. This cross-sectional study included 286 college students attending a large Midwestern University. Upon arrival at an ice cream social for university students, participants were randomly given a small (8 oz) or large (12 oz) bowl and a 4-page survey addressing exercise and eating habits. At the social, participants were invited to dish themselves as much ice cream as they wanted and the amount consumed was determined by weighing the bowl with ice cream before and after consumption using a scale that measured to the nearest tenth of a gram...
2009: International Journal of Exercise Science
Sarah Ketchen Lipson, J Megan Jones, C Barr Taylor, Denise E Wilfley, Dawn M Eichen, Ellen E Fitzsimmons-Craft, Daniel Eisenberg
While there have been important recent advances in the development of effective universal prevention and intervention programs, it is not yet clear how to engage large numbers of students in these programs. In this paper, we report findings from a two-phase pilot study. In the first phase, we used a population-level, online survey to assess eating disorder symptom level and habits/attitudes related to service utilization (N=2180). Using validated screening tools, we found that roughly one in three students has significant symptoms of eating disorders or elevated weight concerns, the vast majority of whom (86...
April 9, 2016: Eating Behaviors
Mee Young Hong, Tahirih L Shepanski, Jaclyn B Gaylis
Maintaining healthy eating habits in college is challenging. Interventions focused on nutrition education can assist in reversing these trends of poor eating habits among college students. The purpose of the study was to identify factors affecting the dietary habits, food choices and BMI of college females majoring in nutrition (NMs) compared with non-nutrition majors (OMs). A questionnaire-based cross-sectional survey study of dietary behaviour and food frequency of 202 college females was conducted at San Diego State University...
2016: Journal of Nutritional Science
Katarzyna Kowalcze, Zofia Turyk, Małgorzata Drywień
BACKGROUND: Appropriate nutrition in humans is one of the most important factors affecting normal development, nutritional status and keeping healthy. University students can be overburdened with responsibilities arising from their studies which may result in abnormal diet/nutrition and decrease their levels of physical activity. OBJECTIVE: To determine and assess nutrition and eating habits for selected female students studying nutrition at the Siedlce University of Natural Sciences & Humanities (UPH), compared with young people from other academic centres also studying nutrition and having a similar education profile...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Katarzyna Zaborowicz, Jolanta Czarnocińska, Grzegorz Galiński, Paulina Kaźmierczak, Karolina Górska, Paweł Durczewski
INTRODUCTION: Nutrition is a factor influencing physical and mental fitness. In this study we examine the lifestyle of university students and its impact on nutritional errors. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the dietary behaviours of students taking into account gender and nutritional knowledge. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using a QEB questionnaire, we were able to evaluate dietary behaviours and nutritional knowledge of respondents. Our analysis was conducted on data obtained from 456 students...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
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