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metabolic syndrome among university students

Antonio García-Hermoso, Andrea P Quintero, Enrique Hernández, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Mikel Izquierdo, Alejandra Tordecilla-Sanders, Daniel Prieto-Benavides, Carolina Sandoval-Cuellar, Katherine González-Ruíz, Emilio Villa-González, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez
BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence concerning how active commuting (AC) is associated with health benefits in young. The aim of the study was to analyze the relationship between AC to and from campus (walking) and obesity and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in a sample of Colombian university students. METHODS: A total of 784 university students (78.6% women, mean age = 20.1 ± 2.6 years old) participated in the study. The exposure variable was categorized into AC (active walker to campus) and non-AC (non/infrequent active walker to campus: car, motorcycle, or bus) to and from the university on a typical day...
April 19, 2018: BMC Public Health
Natsumi Morito, Yasunori Suematsu, Rie Koyoshi, Yuhei Shiga, Takashi Kuwano, Atsushi Iwata, Kanta Fujimi, Akira Kawamura, Shin-Ichiro Miura
Background: The prevalence of cardiovascular diseases in Japan remains high, and the onset becomes early. Studies on the current conditions and lifestyles of obese university students may support early interventions to achieve lifestyle modification. Methods and Results: The results of periodic health examinations in 32,262 first-year university students revealed that 2,036 (6.3%) were obese. We performed a more detailed examination in 221 of these obese students (165 males and 56 females, age 19 ± 1 years) with study agreement from 2014 to 2016...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
Basma Damiri, Amir Aghbar, Saja Alkhdour, Yousef Arafat
OBJECTIVES: Metabolic Syndrome "MetS" is characterized by the presence of several factors that play a major role in the development of cardiovascular diseases and diabetes mellitus. This study was conducted to establish the prevalence of MetS and its individual components among the overweight and obese students at An-Najah National University (ANU) using IDF and modified NCEP ATP III definition and to identify conditions associated with it. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2016...
December 30, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Samuel Mungai Mbugua, Samuel Thuo Kimani, Gilbert Munyoki
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome refers to a cluster of interrelated disorders which occur together causing an increase in the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and diabetes. The university population is an understudied group despite the increase in the frequency of related disorders and metabolic risk factors e.g. obesity and diabetes, majorly due to the assumption that they are in their most active phase of life therefore healthy. This study looked at metabolic syndrome, the sedentary lifestyles and dietary habits present among university students attending Mount Kenya University, main campus...
November 28, 2017: BMC Public Health
Ricardo Jose Tofano, Sandra Maria Barbalho, Marcelo Dib Bechara, Karina Quesada, Claudemir Gregorio Mendes, Marie Oshiiwa
INTRODUCTION: High Blood Pressure (HBP), Diabetes Mellitus (DM), Metabolic Syndrome (MS) and Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD) are among the main causes of death worldwide and HBP is one of the most common chronic health problem representing an important and modifiable risk factor for vascular events and mortality. AIM: To study the association among high sensitivity CRP levels, and the biochemical, and anthropometric profile in hypertensive and non-hypertensive patients who underwent arteriography...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Alejandra Sanders-Tordecilla, Mónica Liliana Ojeda-Pardo, Elisa Andrea Cobo-Mejía, Rocío Del Pilar Castellanos-Vega, Antonio García-Hermoso, Emilio González-Jiménez, Jacqueline Schmidt-RioValle, Katherine González-Ruíz
High body fat is related to metabolic syndrome (MetS) in all ethnic groups. Based on the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) definition of MetS, the aim of this study was to explore thresholds of body fat percentage (BF%) and fat mass index (FMI) for the prediction of MetS among Colombian University students. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 1687 volunteers (63.4% women, mean age = 20.6 years). Weight, waist circumference, serum lipids indices, blood pressure, and fasting plasma glucose were measured...
September 13, 2017: Nutrients
Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Katherine González-Ruíz, Andrés Vivas, Héctor Reynaldo Triana-Reina, Javier Martínez-Torres, Daniel Humberto Prieto-Benavides, Hugo Alejandro Carrillo, Jeison Alexander Ramos-Sepúlveda, María Isabel Afanador-Rodríguez, Emilio Villa-González, Antonio García-Hermoso, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez
PURPOSE: Obesity and high body fat are related to diabetes and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in all ethnic groups. Based on the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) definition of MetS, the aim of the present study was to compare body adiposity indexes (BAIs) and to assess their various cutoff values for the prediction of MetS in university students from Colombia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 886 volunteers (51.9% woman; age mean 21.4 years). Anthropometric characteristics (height, weight, waist circumference [WC], and hip circumference [HC]) were measured, and body composition was assessed by bioelectrical impedance analysis...
September 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
Gladys Morales, Francisco Guillen-Grima, Sergio Muñoz, Carlos Belmar, Ingrid Schifferli, Andrea Muñoz, Alvaro Soto
BACKGROUND: College students are in a critical stage in their life style due to the transition between high school and university and they may be prone to develop cardiovascular diseases. AIM: To compare the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) in students from first and third year at the University of La Frontera, Temuco-Chile, according to faculty, gender and socioeconomic status (SES). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study...
March 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
Omid Eslami, Mansour Shahraki, Touran Shahraki, Hossein Ansari
BACKGROUND: To date, there is still inconclusive evidence on the extra-gastric manifestations of Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori) infection. This study aimed to determine whether there is an association between H.pylori infection with metabolic syndrome and dietary habits among medical undergraduate students in south-eastern of Iran, Zahedan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was done among 363 undergraduate students in Zahedan University of Medical Sciences during spring 2014...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
Rene Urquidez Romero, Miguel Murguía Romero, Julián Esparza Romero, Beatriz Araceli Díaz Torres, Alejandra Rodríguez Tadeo, Gabriel Medrano Donlucas, Arnulfo Ramos Jiménez, Abraham Wall Medrano, Itzell A Gallardo Ortíz, Diana C Tapia-Pancardo C Tapia Pancardo, A René Méndez Cruz, J Rafael Jiménez Flores, Rafael Villalobos Molina
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine associations between abdominal obesity (AOb) and the other components of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in young Mexicans in a cross-sectional survey completed during a 4 year period. METHODS: This cross-sectional study reports on components and prevalence of MetS by using Alberti et al. (16) criteria, as well as association between AOb and elevated blood pressure (BP) of 2,993 Mexican university students, ages 17 to 25 years (66% women) from central and northern Mexico, over a 4-year survey (2010-2013)...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Najat Yahia, Carrie A Brown, Ericka Snyder, Stephanie Cumper, Andrea Langolf, Chelsey Trayer, Chelsea Green
Michigan has the 17th highest adult obesity rate in the United States. Among college-aged adults between 18 and 25 years old, the rate of obesity was 11.6%. Obesity is a key precedent for the development of metabolic syndrome. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its individual components among a sample of students at Central Michigan University. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 462 students, aged 18-25 years, in Spring 2015 and Fall/Spring 2016 semesters...
August 2017: Journal of Community Health
Maha Al-Sejari
In the past six decades, the Kuwaiti population has been exposed to rapid transformation in the quality of diet intake, daily activities, and career types. This major socioeconomic shift was accompanied by the introduction of both communicable and noncommunicable chronic diseases afflicting people of all ages. This article aims to detect a relationship between sociocultural characteristics-such as physical activity, dietary habits, and smoking-and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS). A descriptive, cross-sectional survey was conducted among 262 male university students in Kuwait; participants were selected by using a convenient nonrandom opportunistic sample...
March 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
Amrinder Singh, Shweta Shenoy, Jaspal Singh Sandhu
CONTEXT: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) refers to a group of common metabolic disorders that share the phenotype of Hyperglycemia. More than 60% of the world's population with diabetes comes from Asia. AIM: To study the prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus among Sikh individuals living in the urban localities of Amritsar. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: The study was designed in the Faculty of Sports Medicine & Physiotherapy, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab, India...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Ayesha S Al Dhaheri, Maysm N Mohamad, Amjad H Jarrar, Eric O Ohuma, Leila Cheikh Ismail, Fatima T Al Meqbaali, Usama Souka, Syed M Shah
INTRODUCTION: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a growing problem in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Moreover, the prevalence of overweight and obesity is rapidly increasing in the UAE especially among young females. However, few studies have evaluated the prevalence of MetS among young female adults in the UAE. This study determined the prevalence of MetS in Emirati females aged 17-25 years and its relation to overweight and obesity. METHODS: In total, 555 Emirati female college students were enrolled in a cross-sectional study, conducted during 2013-2014 at United Arab Emirates University in Al Ain, UAE...
2016: PloS One
Karolina Olszewska, Katarzyna Kliś, Iwona Teul, Iwona Wronka
INTRODUCTION: Current research from around the world indicates a trend toward younger ages at the first menstruation. At the same time more and more studies point out the negative consequences of early puberty. Early age at menarche is significantly correlated with the risk of metabolic syndrome, breast cancer and female reproductive system cancer, as well as illnesses such asthma and bulimia. The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between age at menarche and socioeconomic status and selected factors connected with biological conditions...
2015: Pomeranian Journal of Life Sciences
H E Yasir, O A Tahir, B M Leena, S N Imam
Although modern life style factors affecting health is a crucial problem globally, little information about metabolic syndrome (MetS) is available for the Sudanese population. With this consideration the study was planned to assess the prevalence of MetS among young people of Sudan and their association with obesity and lifestyle factors. Serum lipid profile, blood glucose and clinically established parameters for obesity were assessed in 179 young adult male and 201 females at National Ribat University, Sudan...
July 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Cesar Ignacio Ruano Nieto, Jorge David Melo Pérez, Luis Mogrovejo Freire, Kevin Rafael De Paula Morales, Cristhian Vicente Espinoza Romero
INTRODUCTION: Overweight and obesity in in young people especially in children and adolescents is considered as public health problem in the world. Obesity could be the most important cause of insulin resistance. For this reason obese children and adolescents become in a risky group for developing metabolic syndrome (MS). In Ecuador is shocking the low following that is given to the diagnosis of MS for predicting the risk of cardio and cerebral vascular disease and diabetes mellitus. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its risk factors in a sample of students from the "Universidad Central del Ecuador" (UCE) in Quito...
April 1, 2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Deivy Fredery Fonseca-Camacho, John Manuel Hernández-Fonseca, Katherine González-Ruíz, Alejandra Tordecilla-Sanders, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether more positive self-perception of physical fitness is associated with lower prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components in university students in Bogotá, Colombia Method: A total of 493 men (mean age 28.5±11.5 years old) without cardiovascular disease university students completed the self-report fitness tool, namely "The International FItness Scale" (IFIS). The overall prevalence of MetS and its components according to "International Diabetes Federation" (IDF) criteria and the "National Cholesterol Education Program Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood, Cholesterol in Adults" (NCEP: ATP-III) were measured...
December 17, 2014: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Ana Roberta Vilarouca da Silva, Luana Savana Nascimento de Sousa, Telma de Sousa Rocha, Ramiro Marx Alves Cortez, Layla Gonçalves do Nascimento Macêdo, Paulo César de Almeida
OBJECTIVE: to identify the frequency of components of Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) among university students. METHOD: descriptive study with 550 students, from various courses run by a public university. The socioeconomic data, lifestyle, and components of MetS were filled out using a questionnaire. Blood sample collection was undertaken in the university itself by a contracted clinical analysis laboratory. RESULTS: 66.2% were female, with a mean age of 22...
November 2014: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Sylwia Płaczkowska, Lilla Pawlik-Sobecka, Izabela Kokot, Agnieszka Piwowar, Sylwia Placzkowska, Lilla Pawlik-Sobecka, Izabela Kokot, Agnieszka Piwowar
UNLABELLED: The incidence of metabolic disorders and predispositions to development of civilization diseases in general population is well known, but there is a little data about presence of these disorders among young, potentially healthy people. THE AIM OF STUDY: To conduct an assessment of incidence metabolically disorders among young people. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In examination 45 young volunteers, students of Wroclaw Medical University were included...
November 2014: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
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