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metabolic syndrome among university students

Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Katherine González-Ruíz, Andrés Vivas, Héctor Reynaldo Triana-Reina, Javier Martínez-Torres, Daniel Humberto Prieto-Benavides, Hugo Alejandro Carrillo, Jeison Alexander Ramos-Sepúlveda, María Isabel Afanador-Rodríguez, Emilio Villa-González, Antonio García-Hermoso, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez
PURPOSE: Obesity and high body fat are related to diabetes and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in all ethnic groups. Based on the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) definition of MetS, the aim of the present study was to compare body adiposity indexes (BAIs) and to assess their various cutoff values for the prediction of MetS in university students from Colombia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 886 volunteers (51.9% woman; age mean 21.4 years). Anthropometric characteristics (height, weight, waist circumference [WC], and hip circumference [HC]) were measured, and body composition was assessed by bioelectrical impedance analysis...
June 1, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
Gladys Morales, Francisco Guillen-Grima, Sergio Muñoz, Carlos Belmar, Ingrid Schifferli, Andrea Muñoz, Alvaro Soto
BACKGROUND: College students are in a critical stage in their life style due to the transition between high school and university and they may be prone to develop cardiovascular diseases. AIM: To compare the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) in students from first and third year at the University of La Frontera, Temuco-Chile, according to faculty, gender and socioeconomic status (SES). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study...
March 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
Omid Eslami, Mansour Shahraki, Touran Shahraki, Hossein Ansari
BACKGROUND: To date, there is still inconclusive evidence on the extra-gastric manifestations of Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori) infection. This study aimed to determine whether there is an association between H.pylori infection with metabolic syndrome and dietary habits among medical undergraduate students in south-eastern of Iran, Zahedan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was done among 363 undergraduate students in Zahedan University of Medical Sciences during spring 2014...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
Rene Urquidez Romero, Miguel Murguía Romero, Julián Esparza Romero, Beatriz Araceli Díaz Torres, Alejandra Rodríguez Tadeo, Gabriel Medrano Donlucas, Arnulfo Ramos Jiménez, Abraham Wall Medrano, Itzell A Gallardo Ortíz, Diana C Tapia-Pancardo C Tapia Pancardo, A René Méndez Cruz, J Rafael Jiménez Flores, Rafael Villalobos Molina
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine associations between abdominal obesity (AOb) and the other components of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in young Mexicans in a cross-sectional survey completed during a 4 year period. METHODS: This cross-sectional study reports on components and prevalence of MetS by using Alberti et al. (16) criteria, as well as association between AOb and elevated blood pressure (BP) of 2,993 Mexican university students, ages 17 to 25 years (66% women) from central and northern Mexico, over a 4-year survey (2010-2013)...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Najat Yahia, Carrie A Brown, Ericka Snyder, Stephanie Cumper, Andrea Langolf, Chelsey Trayer, Chelsea Green
Michigan has the 17th highest adult obesity rate in the United States. Among college-aged adults between 18 and 25 years old, the rate of obesity was 11.6%. Obesity is a key precedent for the development of metabolic syndrome. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its individual components among a sample of students at Central Michigan University. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 462 students, aged 18-25 years, in Spring 2015 and Fall/Spring 2016 semesters...
August 2017: Journal of Community Health
Maha Al-Sejari
In the past six decades, the Kuwaiti population has been exposed to rapid transformation in the quality of diet intake, daily activities, and career types. This major socioeconomic shift was accompanied by the introduction of both communicable and noncommunicable chronic diseases afflicting people of all ages. This article aims to detect a relationship between sociocultural characteristics-such as physical activity, dietary habits, and smoking-and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS). A descriptive, cross-sectional survey was conducted among 262 male university students in Kuwait; participants were selected by using a convenient nonrandom opportunistic sample...
November 29, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
Amrinder Singh, Shweta Shenoy, Jaspal Singh Sandhu
CONTEXT: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) refers to a group of common metabolic disorders that share the phenotype of Hyperglycemia. More than 60% of the world's population with diabetes comes from Asia. AIM: To study the prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus among Sikh individuals living in the urban localities of Amritsar. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: The study was designed in the Faculty of Sports Medicine & Physiotherapy, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab, India...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Ayesha S Al Dhaheri, Maysm N Mohamad, Amjad H Jarrar, Eric O Ohuma, Leila Cheikh Ismail, Fatima T Al Meqbaali, Usama Souka, Syed M Shah
INTRODUCTION: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a growing problem in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Moreover, the prevalence of overweight and obesity is rapidly increasing in the UAE especially among young females. However, few studies have evaluated the prevalence of MetS among young female adults in the UAE. This study determined the prevalence of MetS in Emirati females aged 17-25 years and its relation to overweight and obesity. METHODS: In total, 555 Emirati female college students were enrolled in a cross-sectional study, conducted during 2013-2014 at United Arab Emirates University in Al Ain, UAE...
2016: PloS One
Karolina Olszewska, Katarzyna Kliś, Iwona Teul, Iwona Wronka
INTRODUCTION: Current research from around the world indicates a trend toward younger ages at the first menstruation. At the same time more and more studies point out the negative consequences of early puberty. Early age at menarche is significantly correlated with the risk of metabolic syndrome, breast cancer and female reproductive system cancer, as well as illnesses such asthma and bulimia. The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between age at menarche and socioeconomic status and selected factors connected with biological conditions...
2015: Pomeranian Journal of Life Sciences
H E Yasir, O A Tahir, B M Leena, S N Imam
Although modern life style factors affecting health is a crucial problem globally, little information about metabolic syndrome (MetS) is available for the Sudanese population. With this consideration the study was planned to assess the prevalence of MetS among young people of Sudan and their association with obesity and lifestyle factors. Serum lipid profile, blood glucose and clinically established parameters for obesity were assessed in 179 young adult male and 201 females at National Ribat University, Sudan...
July 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Cesar Ignacio Ruano Nieto, Jorge David Melo Pérez, Luis Mogrovejo Freire, Kevin Rafael De Paula Morales, Cristhian Vicente Espinoza Romero
INTRODUCTION: Overweight and obesity in in young people especially in children and adolescents is considered as public health problem in the world. Obesity could be the most important cause of insulin resistance. For this reason obese children and adolescents become in a risky group for developing metabolic syndrome (MS). In Ecuador is shocking the low following that is given to the diagnosis of MS for predicting the risk of cardio and cerebral vascular disease and diabetes mellitus. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its risk factors in a sample of students from the "Universidad Central del Ecuador" (UCE) in Quito...
April 1, 2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Deivy Fredery Fonseca-Camacho, John Manuel Hernández-Fonseca, Katherine González-Ruíz, Alejandra Tordecilla-Sanders, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether more positive self-perception of physical fitness is associated with lower prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components in university students in Bogotá, Colombia Method: A total of 493 men (mean age 28.5±11.5 years old) without cardiovascular disease university students completed the self-report fitness tool, namely "The International FItness Scale" (IFIS). The overall prevalence of MetS and its components according to "International Diabetes Federation" (IDF) criteria and the "National Cholesterol Education Program Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood, Cholesterol in Adults" (NCEP: ATP-III) were measured...
2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Ana Roberta Vilarouca da Silva, Luana Savana Nascimento de Sousa, Telma de Sousa Rocha, Ramiro Marx Alves Cortez, Layla Gonçalves do Nascimento Macêdo, Paulo César de Almeida
OBJECTIVE: to identify the frequency of components of Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) among university students. METHOD: descriptive study with 550 students, from various courses run by a public university. The socioeconomic data, lifestyle, and components of MetS were filled out using a questionnaire. Blood sample collection was undertaken in the university itself by a contracted clinical analysis laboratory. RESULTS: 66.2% were female, with a mean age of 22...
November 2014: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Sylwia Płaczkowska, Lilla Pawlik-Sobecka, Izabela Kokot, Agnieszka Piwowar, Sylwia Placzkowska, Lilla Pawlik-Sobecka, Izabela Kokot, Agnieszka Piwowar
UNLABELLED: The incidence of metabolic disorders and predispositions to development of civilization diseases in general population is well known, but there is a little data about presence of these disorders among young, potentially healthy people. THE AIM OF STUDY: To conduct an assessment of incidence metabolically disorders among young people. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In examination 45 young volunteers, students of Wroclaw Medical University were included...
November 2014: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Flávia Neves Bueloni-Dias, Daniel Spadoto-Dias, Jorge Nahás Neto, Eliana Aguiar Petri Nahás
PURPOSE: To evaluate the predictive clinical factors for the development of endometrial polyps in postmenopausal women. METHODS: Observational cohort study with postmenopausal women who had been at a public university hospital. Clinical, anthropometrical, laboratorial, and ultrasonographic data of 132 patients with a histopathological diagnosis of endometrial polyps and 264 women without endometrial alterations (control) were compared in order to evaluate the predictive factors of endometrial polyps...
November 2014: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Sareh Abdollahifard, Afifeh Rahmanian Koshkaki, Reza Moazamiyanfar
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: The premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a series of physical, mental, and behavioral symptoms with various severities, and disturbs social and personal relationships. The syndrome appears during luteal phase of the menstrual cycle and is a common disorder of reproductive age. Different treatments have been introduced for the syndrome due to its unknown complicated causes. Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) may reduce symptoms of the syndrome through affecting the performance of coenzymes in the metabolism of carbohydrates and main branch of amino acid that plays an important role in appearance of physical and mental symptoms of the PMS...
July 29, 2014: Global Journal of Health Science
Najat Yahia, Carrie Brown, Melyssa Rapley, Mei Chung
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing prevalence of metabolic syndrome among young adults, little is known about the awareness level of college students about this condition. The purpose of this study was to assess students' level of awareness and knowledge about conditions relevant to metabolic syndrome (MetS). METHODS: A self-reported online questionnaire was administered to 243 students attending Central Michigan University. Questions were divided into seven conditions: diabetes, adiposity, hypertension, high serum cholesterol, arteriosclerosis, stroke, and myocardial infarction...
2014: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
Jesse Stabile Morrell, Carol Byrd-Bredbenner, Virginia Quick, Melissa Olfert, Amanda Dent, Gale B Carey
OBJECTIVE: The study examines metabolic syndrome (MetS) among college students at 3 geographically distinct US campuses. PARTICIPANTS: Undergraduates (N = 360; 68% women), 18 to 24 years of age, were recruited at each public university in January and February 2011. MetS prevalence was evaluated in 83% (n = 299) participants. METHODS: Anthropometric, biochemical, and clinical measures were collected in the fasted state. RESULTS: Twelve percent of college men and 6% of college women met the clinical definition of MetS...
2014: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Thaddeus J Arnold, Amy Schweitzer, Heather J Hoffman, Chiatogu Onyewu, Maria Eugenia Hurtado, Eric P Hoffman, Catherine J Klein
Receiver operating characteristic curves were constructed to assess the value of measuring neck and waist circumference and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) as biomarkers of metabolic syndrome in college students (18 to 25 years of age). Participants (n=109) were 92% black, 62.4% female, 45.9% overweight or obese, and 20.2% prehypertensive or hypertensive. Overall, 41 (37.6%) students had one or more risk factors for metabolic syndrome. Percent body fat, assessed using whole-body air-displacement plethysmography, was positively correlated (P<0...
January 2014: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Jesse Stabile Morrell, Summer B Cook, Gale B Carey
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to examine the impact of below-average cardiovascular fitness and inactivity on the metabolic syndrome among an understudied population-undergraduate men and women, ages 18-24 years. METHODS: Between January, 2010, and May, 2012, we assessed anthropometric, biochemical, and clinical measures in a convenience sample of students (n=1610) enrolled in an introductory nutrition course at a public university. We quantified the prevalence of metabolic syndrome criteria, estimated cardiovascular fitness via a 1-mile Rockport Walk Test, and evaluated daily activity via pedometer...
October 2013: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
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