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metabolic syndrome among university students

Ayesha S Al Dhaheri, Maysm N Mohamad, Amjad H Jarrar, Eric O Ohuma, Leila Cheikh Ismail, Fatima T Al Meqbaali, Usama Souka, Syed M Shah
INTRODUCTION: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a growing problem in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Moreover, the prevalence of overweight and obesity is rapidly increasing in the UAE especially among young females. However, few studies have evaluated the prevalence of MetS among young female adults in the UAE. This study determined the prevalence of MetS in Emirati females aged 17-25 years and its relation to overweight and obesity. METHODS: In total, 555 Emirati female college students were enrolled in a cross-sectional study, conducted during 2013-2014 at United Arab Emirates University in Al Ain, UAE...
2016: PloS One
Karolina Olszewska, Katarzyna Kliś, Iwona Teul, Iwona Wronka
INTRODUCTION: Current research from around the world indicates a trend toward younger ages at the first menstruation. At the same time more and more studies point out the negative consequences of early puberty. Early age at menarche is significantly correlated with the risk of metabolic syndrome, breast cancer and female reproductive system cancer, as well as illnesses such asthma and bulimia. The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between age at menarche and socioeconomic status and selected factors connected with biological conditions...
2015: Pomeranian Journal of Life Sciences
H E Yasir, O A Tahir, B M Leena, S N Imam
Although modern life style factors affecting health is a crucial problem globally, little information about metabolic syndrome (MetS) is available for the Sudanese population. With this consideration the study was planned to assess the prevalence of MetS among young people of Sudan and their association with obesity and lifestyle factors. Serum lipid profile, blood glucose and clinically established parameters for obesity were assessed in 179 young adult male and 201 females at National Ribat University, Sudan...
July 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Cesar Ignacio Ruano Nieto, Jorge David Melo Pérez, Luis Mogrovejo Freire, Kevin Rafael De Paula Morales, Cristhian Vicente Espinoza Romero
INTRODUCTION: Overweight and obesity in in young people especially in children and adolescents is considered as public health problem in the world. Obesity could be the most important cause of insulin resistance. For this reason obese children and adolescents become in a risky group for developing metabolic syndrome (MS). In Ecuador is shocking the low following that is given to the diagnosis of MS for predicting the risk of cardio and cerebral vascular disease and diabetes mellitus. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its risk factors in a sample of students from the "Universidad Central del Ecuador" (UCE) in Quito...
2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Deivy Fredery Fonseca-Camacho, John Manuel Hernández-Fonseca, Katherine González-Ruíz, Alejandra Tordecilla-Sanders, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether more positive self-perception of physical fitness is associated with lower prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components in university students in Bogotá, Colombia Method: A total of 493 men (mean age 28.5±11.5 years old) without cardiovascular disease university students completed the self-report fitness tool, namely "The International FItness Scale" (IFIS). The overall prevalence of MetS and its components according to "International Diabetes Federation" (IDF) criteria and the "National Cholesterol Education Program Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood, Cholesterol in Adults" (NCEP: ATP-III) were measured...
2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Ana Roberta Vilarouca da Silva, Luana Savana Nascimento de Sousa, Telma de Sousa Rocha, Ramiro Marx Alves Cortez, Layla Gonçalves do Nascimento Macêdo, Paulo César de Almeida
OBJECTIVE: to identify the frequency of components of Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) among university students. METHOD: descriptive study with 550 students, from various courses run by a public university. The socioeconomic data, lifestyle, and components of MetS were filled out using a questionnaire. Blood sample collection was undertaken in the university itself by a contracted clinical analysis laboratory. RESULTS: 66.2% were female, with a mean age of 22...
November 2014: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Sylwia Płaczkowska, Lilla Pawlik-Sobecka, Izabela Kokot, Agnieszka Piwowar, Sylwia Placzkowska, Lilla Pawlik-Sobecka, Izabela Kokot, Agnieszka Piwowar
UNLABELLED: The incidence of metabolic disorders and predispositions to development of civilization diseases in general population is well known, but there is a little data about presence of these disorders among young, potentially healthy people. THE AIM OF STUDY: To conduct an assessment of incidence metabolically disorders among young people. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In examination 45 young volunteers, students of Wroclaw Medical University were included...
November 2014: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Flávia Neves Bueloni-Dias, Daniel Spadoto-Dias, Jorge Nahás Neto, Eliana Aguiar Petri Nahás
PURPOSE: To evaluate the predictive clinical factors for the development of endometrial polyps in postmenopausal women. METHODS: Observational cohort study with postmenopausal women who had been at a public university hospital. Clinical, anthropometrical, laboratorial, and ultrasonographic data of 132 patients with a histopathological diagnosis of endometrial polyps and 264 women without endometrial alterations (control) were compared in order to evaluate the predictive factors of endometrial polyps...
November 2014: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Sareh Abdollahifard, Afifeh Rahmanian Koshkaki, Reza Moazamiyanfar
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: The premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a series of physical, mental, and behavioral symptoms with various severities, and disturbs social and personal relationships. The syndrome appears during luteal phase of the menstrual cycle and is a common disorder of reproductive age. Different treatments have been introduced for the syndrome due to its unknown complicated causes. Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) may reduce symptoms of the syndrome through affecting the performance of coenzymes in the metabolism of carbohydrates and main branch of amino acid that plays an important role in appearance of physical and mental symptoms of the PMS...
November 2014: Global Journal of Health Science
Najat Yahia, Carrie Brown, Melyssa Rapley, Mei Chung
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing prevalence of metabolic syndrome among young adults, little is known about the awareness level of college students about this condition. The purpose of this study was to assess students' level of awareness and knowledge about conditions relevant to metabolic syndrome (MetS). METHODS: A self-reported online questionnaire was administered to 243 students attending Central Michigan University. Questions were divided into seven conditions: diabetes, adiposity, hypertension, high serum cholesterol, arteriosclerosis, stroke, and myocardial infarction...
2014: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
Jesse Stabile Morrell, Carol Byrd-Bredbenner, Virginia Quick, Melissa Olfert, Amanda Dent, Gale B Carey
OBJECTIVE: The study examines metabolic syndrome (MetS) among college students at 3 geographically distinct US campuses. PARTICIPANTS: Undergraduates (N = 360; 68% women), 18 to 24 years of age, were recruited at each public university in January and February 2011. MetS prevalence was evaluated in 83% (n = 299) participants. METHODS: Anthropometric, biochemical, and clinical measures were collected in the fasted state. RESULTS: Twelve percent of college men and 6% of college women met the clinical definition of MetS...
2014: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Thaddeus J Arnold, Amy Schweitzer, Heather J Hoffman, Chiatogu Onyewu, Maria Eugenia Hurtado, Eric P Hoffman, Catherine J Klein
Receiver operating characteristic curves were constructed to assess the value of measuring neck and waist circumference and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) as biomarkers of metabolic syndrome in college students (18 to 25 years of age). Participants (n=109) were 92% black, 62.4% female, 45.9% overweight or obese, and 20.2% prehypertensive or hypertensive. Overall, 41 (37.6%) students had one or more risk factors for metabolic syndrome. Percent body fat, assessed using whole-body air-displacement plethysmography, was positively correlated (P<0...
January 2014: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Jesse Stabile Morrell, Summer B Cook, Gale B Carey
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to examine the impact of below-average cardiovascular fitness and inactivity on the metabolic syndrome among an understudied population-undergraduate men and women, ages 18-24 years. METHODS: Between January, 2010, and May, 2012, we assessed anthropometric, biochemical, and clinical measures in a convenience sample of students (n=1610) enrolled in an introductory nutrition course at a public university. We quantified the prevalence of metabolic syndrome criteria, estimated cardiovascular fitness via a 1-mile Rockport Walk Test, and evaluated daily activity via pedometer...
October 2013: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
Musa Lewis Mathunjwa, Stuart John Semple, Corrie du Preez
OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of obesity and associated cardiometabolic disease (CMD) is increasing among Black African women and requires urgent attention in the form of preventive strategies. To date, there is limited scientific evidence highlighting the efficacy of Tae-bo as an intervention for reducing weight and CMD risk factors. DESIGN: Prospective experimental. SETTING: South Africa, University of Zululand. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty previously sedentary participants (25 +/- 5 y) who were overweight (BMI>25-29...
2013: Ethnicity & Disease
Shu-Hui Cheng, Chi-Chen Shih, Yen-Kuang Yang, Kow-Tong Chen, Yun-Hsuan Chang, Yi-Ching Yang
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) can impact an individual's interpersonal relationships, social interactions, productivity, lifestyle, school performance and emotional well-being. This study was designed to explore the factors associated with PMS in new female university students in Taiwan. The test battery included a self-administered structured questionnaire, the five-item brief symptoms rating scale, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and the Chinese Premenstrual Symptom Questionnaire. Additionally, details of the participants' lifestyles and family and personal histories of physical illness were recorded...
February 2013: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
Avinash M Topè, Phyllis F Rogers
UNLABELLED: HASH(0x3bda428) BACKGROUND: There are limited data on the prevalence rate of Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) among college students attending any Historically Black College and University (HBCU), which are mostly attended by young African Americans (AA). We report the prevalence and gender differences in the components of MetS in a sample population from an HBCU campus. METHODS: Three hundred and seventy six (218 females and 158 males) first year college students (average age 19...
2013: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
Daniel de Araújo Brito Buttros, Eliana Aguiar Petri Nahas, Heloísa De Luca Vespoli, Gilberto Uemura, Bruno da Rosa de Almeida, Jorge Nahas-Neto
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in postmenopausal breast cancer survivors as compared with postmenopausal women without breast cancer. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 104 postmenopausal breast cancer survivors were compared with 208 postmenopausal women (controls) attending a university hospital. Eligibility criteria included the following: amenorrhea longer than 12 months and aged 45 years or older, treated for breast cancer, and metastasis-free for at least 5 years...
April 2013: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
Lance C Dalleck, Emily Marguerite Kjelland
PURPOSE: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is characterized by a constellation of metabolic risk factors that consist of the following: atherogenic dyslipidemia, elevated blood pressure, elevated glucose associated with insulin resistance, prothrombotic state, and proinflammatory state. The objective of the study was to quantify the prevalence of MetS among college students and to determine whether fatness (body mass index [BMI] and waist circumference) or physical activity was more strongly associated with individual components of the MetS...
September 2012: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Sun Young Yang, Young Sun Kim, Ji Hyun Song, Su Jin Chung, In Hee Lee, Kyoung Ju Hong, Eun Jung Lee, Dong Hee Kim, Jeong Yoon Yim, Min Jung Park, Seon Hee Lim, Joo Sung Kim
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The role of dietary risk factors in colorectal carcinogenesis remains unclear. We investigated the association between dietary intakes and colorectal adenomas who visited a health promotion center for a routine health check-up colonoscopy. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective case-control study using data from individuals who had colonoscopy at Seoul National University Hospital Healthcare System Gangnam Center from October 2003 to December 2007...
August 2012: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
Jennifer B Webb
The roles of race/ethnicity and geographical region in the context of first-year college weight gain remain largely under-examined. The present study evaluated whether race/ethnicity: (1) at baseline was associated with greater representation in cardiometabolic health risk categories for body mass index, percent body fat, waist circumference, and waist-to-hip ratio in the full sample of 54 Black/African American and 80 White/European American first-year female undergraduates attending a North Carolina state university; and (2) moderated body composition changes between the beginning of the fall and spring semesters among the 83 participants who completed baseline and follow-up visits (N = 39 Black/African Americans)...
2012: Women & Health
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