keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Angiotensin II and endothelin

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891771/role-of-magnesium-deficiency-in-promoting-atherosclerosis-endothelial-dysfunction-and-arterial-stiffening-as-risk-factors-for-hypertension
#1
REVIEW
Krasimir Kostov, Lyudmila Halacheva
Arterial hypertension is a disease with a complex pathogenesis. Despite considerable knowledge about this socially significant disease, the role of magnesium deficiency (MgD) as a risk factor is not fully understood. Magnesium is a natural calcium antagonist. It potentiates the production of local vasodilator mediators (prostacyclin and nitric oxide) and alters vascular responses to a variety of vasoactive substances (endothelin-1, angiotensin II, and catecholamines). MgD stimulates the production of aldosterone and potentiates vascular inflammatory response, while expression/activity of various antioxidant enzymes (glutathione peroxidase, superoxide dismutase, and catalase) and the levels of important antioxidants (vitamin C, vitamin E, and selenium) are decreased...
June 11, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888323/circulating-neurotoxic-5-ht2a-receptor-agonist-autoantibodies-in-adult-type-2-diabetes-with-parkinson-s-disease
#2
Mark B Zimering
Aims: To test whether circulating neurotoxic autoantibodies increase in adult type 2 diabetes mellitus with Parkinson's disease (PD) or dementia. To identify the G-protein coupled receptor on neuroblastoma cells mediating neural inhibitory effects in diabetic Parkinson's disease plasma autoantibodies. To determine the mechanism of accelerated neuroblastoma cell death and acute neurite retraction induced by diabetic Parkinson's disease and dementia autoantibodies. Methods: Protein-A eluates from plasma of twelve older adult male diabetic patients having Parkinson's disease (n=10) or dementia (n=2), and eight age-matched control diabetic patients were tested for ability to cause accelerated N2A neuroblastoma cell death and acute neurite retraction...
2018: Journal of Endocrinology and Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872396/trpc5-enos-axis-negatively-regulates-atp-induced-cardiomyocyte-hypertrophy
#3
Caroline Sunggip, Kakeru Shimoda, Sayaka Oda, Tomohiro Tanaka, Kazuhiro Nishiyama, Supachoke Mangmool, Akiyuki Nishimura, Takuro Numaga-Tomita, Motohiro Nishida
Cardiac hypertrophy, induced by neurohumoral factors, including angiotensin II and endothelin-1, is a major predisposing factor for heart failure. These ligands can induce hypertrophic growth of neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (NRCMs) mainly through Ca2+ -dependent calcineurin/nuclear factor of activated T cell (NFAT) signaling pathways activated by diacylglycerol-activated transient receptor potential canonical 3 and 6 (TRPC3/6) heteromultimer channels. Although extracellular nucleotide, adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP), is also known as most potent Ca2+ -mobilizing ligand that acts on purinergic receptors, ATP never induces cardiomyocyte hypertrophy...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29867591/mycophenolate-mofetil-attenuates-doca-salt-hypertension-effects-on-vascular-tone
#4
Arthur D Moes, David Severs, Koen Verdonk, Nils van der Lubbe, Robert Zietse, A H J Danser, Ewout J Hoorn
Inflammation is increasingly recognized as a driver of hypertension. Both genetic and pharmacological inhibition of B and T cells attenuates most forms of experimental hypertension. Accordingly, the immunosuppressive drug mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) reduces blood pressure in the deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA-) salt model. However, the mechanisms by which MMF prevent hypertension in the DOCA-salt model remain unclear. Recent studies indicate that immunosuppression can inhibit sodium transporter activity in the kidney, but its effect on vascular tone is not well characterized...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790164/purinergic-receptor-stimulation-induces-calcium-oscillations-and-smooth-muscle-contraction-in-small-pulmonary-veins
#5
Mauricio Henriquez, Marcelo Fonseca, Jose F Perez-Zoghbi
KEY POINTS: We investigated the excitation-contraction coupling mechanisms in small pulmonary veins (SPVs) in rat precision-cut lung slices. We found that SPVs contract strongly and reversibly in response to extracellular ATP and other vasoconstrictors, including angiotensin-II and endothelin-1. ATP-induced vasoconstriction in SPVs was associated with the stimulation of purinergic P2Y2 receptors in vascular smooth muscle cell, activation of phospholipase C-β and the generation of intracellular Ca2+ oscillations mediated by cyclic Ca2+ release events via the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684635/sulfatase-1-mediates-the-attenuation-of-ang-ii-induced-hypertensive-effects-by-ccl5-in-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells-from-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats
#6
Hye Ju Cha, Hye Young Kim, Hee Sun Kim
Extracellular sulfatases, sulfatase 1 (Sulf1) and sulfatase 2 (Sulf2), play a pivotal role in cell signaling and carcinogenesis. Chemokine CCL5 inhibits Ang II-induced hypertensive mediators via angiotensin II (Ang II) type 2 receptor (AT2 R) pathway in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) from spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). In this study, we investigated the effect of Sulfs on anti-hypertensive effects of CCL5 in SHR VSMCs. CCL5 attenuated Ang II-induced inhibition of sulfatase activity in SHR VSMCs...
April 20, 2018: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678849/effects-of-adenovirus-mediated-vegf165-gene-therapy-on-myocardial-infarction
#7
Chao Wang, Boya Zhang, Yu Lin, Yang Dong
AIM: To evaluate the role of adenovirus-mediated transduction human VEGF isoform 165 via direct myocardial injection in rats with an occluded circumflex coronary artery, and the possible underlying mechanism. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were induced myocardial infarction (MI) with ligation of the left coronary artery. Rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: 1) the sham group; 2) the MI group; 3) the NS (normal saline) group and 4) the VEGF group. Direct myocardial injection of 0...
March 2018: Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663576/neuroprotection-by-post-stroke-administration-of-an-oral-formulation-of-angiotensin-1-7-in-ischaemic-stroke
#8
Douglas M Bennion, Chad H Jones, Lauren L Donnangelo, Justin T Graham, Jacob D Isenberg, Alex N Dang, Vermali Rodriguez, Ruben D M Sinisterra, Frederico B Sousa, Robson A S Santos, Colin Sumners
NEW FINDINGS: What is the central question of this study? Angiotensin-(1-7) decreases cerebral infarct volume and improves neurological function when delivered centrally before and during ischaemic stroke. Here, we assessed the neuroprotective effects of angiotensin-(1-7) when delivered orally post-stroke. What is the main finding and its importance? We show that oral delivery of angiotensin-(1-7) attenuates cerebral damage induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion in rats, without affecting blood pressure or cerebral blood flow...
June 2018: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652095/decreases-in-neprilysin-and-vasoconstrictors-and-increases-in-vasodilators-following-bariatric-surgery
#9
Husam Ghanim, Scott Monte, Joseph Caruana, Kelly Green, Sanaa Abuaysheh, Paresh Dandona
The aim of this study was to determine if weight loss following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery in morbidly obese patients is associated with a decrease in plasma concentrations of neprilysin, mediators of the renin angiotensin system (RAS), catecholamines and endothelin-1, and also with an increase in the concentrations of vasodilators. Fasting blood samples were obtained from 15 patients with morbid obesity and diabetes prior to and 6 months after RYGB surgery. Circulating levels of neprilysin, vasoconstrictors, vasodilators, and the mRNA expression of related genes in circulating mononuclear cells (MNC) were measured...
April 13, 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649319/unraveling-endothelin-1-induced-hypercontractility-of-human-pulmonary-artery-smooth-muscle-cells-from-patients-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#10
Jamie L Wilson, Rod Warburton, Linda Taylor, Deniz Toksoz, Nicholas Hill, Peter Polgar
Contraction of human pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (HPASMC) isolated from pulmonary arterial hypertensive (PAH) and normal (non-PAH) subject lungs was determined and measured with real-time electrical impedance. Treatment of HPASMC with vasoactive peptides, endothelin-1 (ET-1) and bradykinin (BK) but not angiotensin II, induced a temporal decrease in the electrical impedance profile mirroring constrictive morphological change of the cells which typically was more robust in PAH as opposed to non-PAH cells...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555668/at1-aa-angiotensin-ii-type-1-receptor-agonistic-autoantibody-blockade-prevents-preeclamptic-symptoms-in-placental-ischemic-rats
#11
Mark W Cunningham, Javier Castillo, Tarek Ibrahim, Denise C Cornelius, Nathan Campbell, Lorena Amaral, Venkata Ramana Vaka, Nathan Usry, Jan M Williams, Babbette LaMarca
Women with preeclampsia produce AT1-AA (agonistic autoantibodies to the angiotensin II type 1 receptor), which stimulate reactive oxygen species, inflammatory factors, and hypertensive mechanisms (ET [endothelin] and sFlt-1 [soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1]) in rodent models of preeclampsia. The placental ischemic reduced uterine perfusion pressure (RUPP) rat model of preeclampsia exhibits many of these features. In this study, we examined the maternal outcomes of AT1-AA inhibition ('n7AAc') in RUPP rats...
May 2018: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521602/role-of-glial-like-type-ii-cells-as-paracrine-modulators-of-carotid-body-chemoreception
#12
Colin A Nurse, Erin M Leonard, Shaima Salman
Mammalian carotid bodies (CB) are chemosensory organs that mediate compensatory cardiorespiratory reflexes in response to low blood PO2 (hypoxemia) and elevated CO2 /H+ (acid hypercapnia). The chemoreceptors are glomus or type I cells that occur in clusters enveloped by neighboring glial-like type II cells. During chemoexcitation type I cells depolarize, leading to Ca2+ -dependent release of several neurotransmitters, some excitatory and others inhibitory, that help shape the afferent carotid sinus nerve (CSN) discharge...
April 1, 2018: Physiological Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505736/transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-1-induces-cerebrovascular-dysfunction-and-astrogliosis-through-angiotensin-ii-type-1-receptor-mediated-signaling-pathways
#13
Brice Ongali, Nektaria Nicolakakis, Xin-Kang Tong, Clotilde Lecrux, Hans Imboden, Edith Hamel
Transgenic mice constitutively overexpressing the cytokine transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) (TGF mice) display cerebrovascular alterations as seen in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and vascular cognitive impairment and dementia (VCID), but no or only subtle cognitive deficits. TGF-β1 may exert part of its deleterious effects through interactions with angiotensin II (AngII) type 1 receptor (AT1R) signaling pathways. We test such interactions in the brain and cerebral vessels of TGF mice by measuring cerebrovascular reactivity, levels of protein markers of vascular fibrosis, nitric oxide synthase activity, astrogliosis, and mnemonic performance in mice treated (6 months) with the AT1R blocker losartan (10 mg/kg per day) or the angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor enalapril (3 mg/kg per day)...
May 2018: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500223/protective-effects-of-the-angiotensin-ii-at-2-receptor-agonist-compound-21-in-ischemic-stroke-a-nose-to-brain-delivery-approach
#14
Douglas M Bennion, Chad H Jones, Alex N Dang, Jacob Isenberg, Justin T Graham, Lena Lindblad, Oliver Domenig, Michael F Waters, Marko Poglitsch, Colin Sumners, Ulrike Muscha Steckelings
Significant neuroprotective effects of angiotensin II type 2 (AT2 ) receptor (AT2 receptor) agonists in ischemic stroke have been previously demonstrated in multiple studies. However, the routes of agonist application used in these pre-clinical studies, direct intracerebroventricular (ICV) and systemic administration, are unsuitable for translation into humans; in the latter case because AT2 receptor agonists are blood-brain barrier (BBB) impermeable. To circumvent this problem, in the current study we utilized the nose-to-brain (N2B) route of administration to bypass the BBB and deliver the selective AT2 receptor agonist Compound 21 (C21) to naïve rats or rats that had undergone endothelin 1 (ET-1)-induced ischemic stroke...
March 15, 2018: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479368/the-histone-demethylase-jmjd2a-modulates-the-induction-of-hypertrophy-markers-in-ipsc-derived-cardiomyocytes
#15
Wendy Rosales, Fernando Lizcano
The development of cardiovascular pathologies is partly attributed to epigenetic causes, including histone methylation, which appears to be an important marker in hearts that develop cardiac hypertrophy. Previous studies showed that the histone demethylase JMJD2A can regulate the hypertrophic process in murine cardiomyocytes. However, the influence of JMJD2A on cardiac hypertrophy in a human cardiomyocyte model is still poorly understood. In the present study, cardiomyocytes derived from human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) were used...
2018: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472767/anti-hypertensive-and-cardioprotective-effects-of-a-novel-apitherapy-formulation-via-upregulation-of-peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-%C3%AE-and-%C3%AE-in-spontaneous-hypertensive-rats
#16
Yanru Sun, Mingfeng Han, Zhenhuang Shen, Haibo Huang, Xiaoqing Miao
Ventricular remodeling is associated with many heart diseases, and ventricular remodeling induced by hypertension can be fatal independent of hypertension. In this study, we prepared a novel apitherapy formulation, designated Bao-Yuan-Ling (BYL), which contained propolis, royal jelly, and bee venom, to treat spontaneous hypertensive rats (SHRs). We then evaluated the pharmacology of BYL and the potential mechanisms through which BYL affects hypertension and ventricular remodeling. We found that BYL treatment could reduce blood pressure in SHRs...
February 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372262/vascular-endothelium-dysfunction-a-conservative-target-in-metabolic-disorders
#17
REVIEW
Shalini Jamwal, Saurabh Sharma
AIM: Vascular endothelium plays a role in capillary transport of nutrients and drugs and regulates angiogenesis, homeostasis, as well as vascular tone and permeability as a major regulator of local vascular homeostasis. The present study has been designed to investigate the role of endothelium in metabolic disorders. METHODS: The endothelium maintains the balance between vasodilatation and vasoconstriction, procoagulant and anticoagulant, prothrombotic and antithrombotic mechanisms...
May 2018: Inflammation Research: Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290188/the-potential-therapeutic-role-of-peroxisome-proliferatoractivated-receptors-agonist-in-preeclamptic-pregnant-rats
#18
Hayam Ibrahim Gad Allam, Abeer AbdulMoati Al Masri
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-γ agonist on renal functions and blood levels of vasoregulatory peptides by administering rosiglitazone-a PPAR-γ agonist- to nitric oxide (NO) synthase lacking pregnant rats as a creature model of preeclampsia. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Medical College at King Khaled University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, from July 2016 to May 2017...
January 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288933/targeting-the-renin-angiotensin-system-as-novel-therapeutic-strategy-for-pulmonary-diseases
#19
REVIEW
Wan Shun Daniel Tan, Wupeng Liao, Shuo Zhou, Dan Mei, Wai-Shiu Fred Wong
The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) plays a major role in regulating electrolyte balance and blood pressure. RAS has also been implicated in the regulation of inflammation, proliferation and fibrosis in pulmonary diseases such as asthma, acute lung injury (ALI), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Current therapeutics suffer from some drawbacks like steroid resistance, limited efficacies and side effects. Novel intervention is definitely needed to offer optimal therapeutic strategy and clinical outcome...
December 27, 2017: Current Opinion in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285068/radix-cyathula-officinalis-kuan-inhibits-arterial-remodeling-in-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats
#20
Jiajing Zhao, Yaohan Yue, Yun Xie, Liwen Liu, Fei Cao, Shurong Gao, Yingjue Wang
There is still no resolution for arterial remodeling related with hypertension, though hypertension treatment has access to a number of pharmacological agents. The present study aimed at investigating the prevention of Cyathula officinalis Kuan's roots ( C. officinalis Kuan) against in arterial remodeling in vitro . Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) were intragastrically administered 3, 6 or 12 g/kg C. officinalis Kuan or normal saline or enalapril (2.5 mg/kg) once a day for 8 weeks. Hematoxylin and eosin were used to measure blood pressure and stain carotid and arota...
December 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
keyword
keyword
116231
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"