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intima thickness

Lei Liu, Yaqin Wang, Zhongyang Hu, Pinting Yang, Xia Cao, Ting Yuan, Guilian Wang, Zhiheng Chen
To explore the correlation between cerebrovascular hemodynamic index (CVHI)accumulative score and subclinical arteriosclerosis indicators.
 Methods: A total of 27 184 cases were collected from the Health Management Center, the Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University. Linear regression analysis was carried out to confirm the correlations between CVHI accumulative score and the modified Framingham stroke profile (FSP), as well as between CVHI accumulative score and cerebrovascular diseases (ICVD) scale...
February 28, 2018: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
Jian Yang, Ping Zeng, Jun Yang, Xiaowen Liu, Jiawang Ding, Huibo Wang, Lihua Chen
PURPOSE: Hyperglycemia is the high risk factor of vascular remodeling induced by angioplasty, and neointimal hyperplasia is strongly implicated in the pathogenesis of vascular remodeling caused by carotid artery balloon injury. Studies have shown that MicroRNA 24 (miR-24) plays an important role in angiocardiopathy, However, the role of miR-24 is far from thorough research. In this study, we investigate whether up-regulation of miR-24 by using miR-24 recombinant adenovirus (Ad-miR-24-GFP) can inhibit PDGF-BB signaling pathway and attenuate vascular remodeling in the diabetic rat model...
March 17, 2018: Gene
Bo Liu, Zhihao Chen, Xiaoqi Dong, Guangming Qin
OBJECTIVES: Comorbid hypertension and hyperhomocysteinemia is an important risk factor for carotid atherosclerotic plaque formation. We put forward the hypothesis that the subjects with comorbid prehypertension and hyperhomocysteinemia also had an increased risk of subclinical atherosclerosis, using carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) as the marker of the atherosclerotic process. METHODS: A total of 4102 asymptomatic Chinese subjects aged 18-60 years were divided into four groups according to blood pressure (BP) and homocysteine (HCY) level: the control group without prehypertension or hyperhomocysteinemia, isolated prehypertension group, simple hyperhomocysteinemia group and prehypertension with hyperhomocysteinemia group...
March 19, 2018: BMJ Open
Nicholas S Roetker, James S Pankow, Jan Bressler, Alanna C Morrison, Eric Boerwinkle
BACKGROUND: DNA methylation-based patterns of biological aging, known as epigenetic age acceleration, are predictive of all-cause mortality, but little is known about their association with cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: We estimated 2 versions of epigenetic age acceleration (Horvath and Hannum) using whole-blood samples from 2543 blacks. Linear and Cox proportional hazards regression, respectively, were used to assess the association of age acceleration with carotid intima-media thickness (cross-sectionally) and incident cardiovascular events, including CVD mortality, myocardial infarction, fatal coronary heart disease, peripheral arterial disease, and heart failure, during a median 21-year follow-up...
March 2018: Circ Genom Precis Med
Xiao Xiao Zhao, Jinbo Liu, Hongwei Zhao, Yingyan Zhou, Lihong Li, Hongyu Wang
Hypertension is a generally accepted atherogenic risk factor. The aim of this prospective longitudinal study was to evaluate changes in carotid intima-media thickness (c-IMT) and explore the association of cardiovascular risk factors and the carotid intima thickness in adults with hypertension using standardized methods. We used data from a subgroup of Beijing Vascular Disease Patients Evaluation Study (BEST), a population-based study of community-dwelling adults. The c-IMT, biomarkers, and carotid-femoral-pulse wave velocity (PWV) were measured at baseline, and lifestyles such as smoking status, sleeping habits, and oil or salt intake level were determined with the use of a validated questionnaire in the follow-up...
March 19, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
Jiadela Teliewubai, Bin Bai, Yiwu Zhou, Yuyan Lu, Shikai Yu, Chen Chi, Jue Li, Jacques Blacher, Yawei Xu, Yi Zhang
Objective: Secreted frizzled related protein 5 (SFRP5) is a novel anti-inflammatory adipokine that is implicated in metabolic and cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, little is known about the relevance of SFRP5 with asymptomatic hypertensive target organ damages (TODs). We aimed to investigate the association between SFRP5 and TOD in a large population. Clinical trial registration: NCT02368938. Methods: A total of 1,745 community-dwelling elderly subjects aged over 65 years from northern Shanghai were recruited in the study...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
S Helena Taivainen, Heikki Yli-Ollila, Markus Juonala, Mika Kähönen, Olli T Raitakari, Tiina M Laitinen, Tomi P Laitinen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Carotid artery longitudinal wall motion (CALM) is a new biomarker, which can be measured together with carotid intima-media thickness and distensibility measurements in the same session. Our objective was to study the relationship between these indicators of vascular health and cardiovascular risk factors in a large and well-characterized study population. METHODS: The study population consisted of 465 subjects aged 30-45 years. Successful measurements were performed in 287 participants...
March 2, 2018: Atherosclerosis
Jarrod M Zamparini, Andrew R Immelman, Frederick J Raal
BACKGROUND: Patients with homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HoFH) develop significant vascular calcification early in life, the cause of which is not yet fully understood. Patients with chronic kidney disease have similar vascular calcification, with fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23) implicated in these patients. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there was a difference in FGF23 between patients with HoFH and age- and gender-matched controls and whether there is a correlation between FGF23 and serum low-density lipoprotein, total cholesterol, and carotid intima-media thickness in patients with HoFH...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
Roberto Schreiber, Cristiane M Souza, Layde R Paim, Guilherme de Rossi, José R Matos-Souza, Anselmo de A Costa E Silva, Fernando R Faria, Eliza R Azevedo, Karina C Alonso, Andrei C Sposito, Alberto Cliquet, José I Gorla, Wilson Nadruz
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship of carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and cardiac structure and function with adipocytokines in sedentary (S-SCI) and physically-active (PA-SCI) subjects with spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: Academic medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-one SCI men (16 S-SCI and 25 PA-SCI) with chronic (>1y) SCI were evaluated. S-SCI subjects did not perform labor that required physical effort, recreational physical activity or sports, while PA-SCI subjects included competing athletes that were regularly performing adapted sports...
March 13, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Kecheng Yao, Tianming Zhao, Linghai Zeng, Jianming Yang, Yanqun Liu, Qian He, Xiulan Zou
It has been reported that subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) is closely related to subclinical atherosclerosis. According to the impact of SCH on noninvasive markers of cardiovascular risk, we fulfilled a meta-analysis of included studies to provide an integrated overview. We searched electronic databases and included all relevant studies involving SCH and epicardial adipose tissue (EAT), carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), pulse wave velocity (PWV), flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and glyceryl trinitrate-induced dilation (GNT- induced dilation)...
March 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
Nobutaka Noto, Akiko Komori, Mamoru Ayusawa, Shori Takahashi
Kawasaki disease (KD) is a systemic vasculitis with a predilection for damage to the coronary arteries. In the acute phase, clinical decision making for KD relies on the measurements of the coronary z-score obtained by 2-dimensional echocardiography (2DE). In the convalescent phase, KD patients with coronary artery abnormalities (CAAs) eventually show arteriosclerotic vascular remodeling characterized by marked intimal proliferation and neoangiogenesis after KD vasculitis, which often induces myocardial ischemia...
February 2018: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
Sarah A Aroner, Manja Koch, Kenneth J Mukamal, Jeremy D Furtado, James H Stein, Matthew C Tattersall, Robyn L McClelland, Majken K Jensen
BACKGROUND: Apolipoprotein C-III (apoC-III), a small proinflammatory protein present on 6% to 7% of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) particles, defines a subspecies of HDL adversely associated with coronary heart disease in primarily white cohorts. In a multi-ethnic population free of clinical cardiovascular disease, we evaluated the relationship between apoC-III-defined HDL subspecies and subclinical markers of atherosclerotic pathology. METHODS AND RESULTS: We investigated cross-sectional associations between apolipoprotein A-I concentrations of apoC-III-defined HDL subspecies, measured via ELISA and imaging measures of subclinical atherosclerosis, among 4659 participants in the MESA (The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis) at baseline (2000-2002)...
March 14, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
Kavitha Gopalan, Surjit Singh, Pandiarajan Vignesh, Anju Gupta, Manojkumar Rohit, Savita Verma Attri
BACKGROUND: Kawasaki disease (KD) has a predilection to involve coronary arteries, leading to several long-term cardiovascular sequelae. Apart from coronary artery abnormalities, children with KD are also prone to develop premature atherosclerosis, endothelial dysfunction, and lipid abnormalities. Some of these complications may occur even in children who have received appropriate treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin in the acute phase. METHODS: In 2009, we had studied carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) and lipid profile in 27 children with KD at least 1 year after the acute episode...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
Elena Bellosta Diago, Jesús Pérez-Pérez, Sonia Santos Lasaosa, Alejandro Viloria Alebesque, Saül Martínez-Horta, Jaime Kulisevsky, Javier López Del Val
Cardiovascular events are a major cause of early death in the Huntington's disease (HD) population. Dysautonomia as well as deterioration of circadian rhythms can be detected early in the disease progression and can have profound effects on cardiac health. The aim of the present study was to determine if HD patients and premanifest mutation carriers present a higher risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) than non-mutation carrying controls METHODS: Prospective, cross-sectional, multicentre study of 38 HD mutation carriers (23 premanifest and 15 early-stage patients) compared to 38 age- and gender-matched healthy controls...
March 14, 2018: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
Yupeng Wu, Dandan Sun, Bin Wang, Yanfeng Li, Yi Ma
Objectives The relationship of depressive symptoms and subclinical atherosclerosis remains controversial. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the effect of depressive symptoms on the functional and structural markers of subclinical atherosclerosis as measured by carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), pulse wave velocity (PWV) and flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD). Methods A systematic literature search was performed electronically. Studies relating IMT, PWV or FMD to depressive symptoms were included...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Stefanie R van Mil, L Ulas Biter, Gert-Jan M van de Geijn, Erwin Birnie, Martin Dunkelgrun, Jan N M IJzermans, Noelle van der Meulen, Guido H H Mannaerts, Manuel Castro Cabezas
INTRODUCTION: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and obesity are both related to increased risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality. Early atherosclerotic vascular changes can be detected by non-invasive tests like carotid artery intima-media thickness (cIMT) and pulse wave velocity (PWV). Both cIMT and PWV are significantly impaired in T2DM patients and in obese patients, but the additional effect of T2DM on these vascular measurements in obese subjects has not been evaluated. METHODS: Two hundred morbidly obese patients with or without T2DM were enrolled in a prospective cohort study and underwent extensive laboratory testing, including cIMT and PWV measurements...
March 13, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Ayse Selcan Koc, Ferıde Fatma Gorgulu, Yurdaer Donmez, Yahya Kemal Icen
PURPOSE: There are limited data about increased aortic intima-media thickness (A-IMT) in the presence of subclinical target organ damage in hypertensive (HT) patients. In this study, we aimed to determine the frequency of increased A-IMT, the parameters determining increased A-IMT, and the relationship between increased A-IMT and other vascular IMT measurements. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively included 265 patients (mean age 54.1 ± 10.6 years, male/female 91/174) with essential HT...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
Rodolfo A Kolliker Frers, Vanesa Cosentino, Julia Tau, Eduardo M Kerzberg, Adriana Urdapilleta, Monica Chiocconi, Nora Kogan, Matilde Otero-Losada, Francisco Capani
Studies on the inflammatory burden in recent-onset psoriatic arthritis (PsA) patients without conventional cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs) are not available. This preliminary study focuses on cardiovascular risk in cutaneous psoriasis (CPs) and recent-onset PsA patients. Blood biochemistry (glucose, cholesterol, uric acid, lipid profile and apolipoprotein B) was analyzed using standard kits. Proatherogenic inflammation markers, C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6), and endothelial activators monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Bin Bai, Jiadela Teliewubai, Yuyan Lu, Shikai Yu, Jing Xiong, Chen Chi, Yiwu Zhou, Hongwei Ji, Ximin Fan, Jacques Blacher, Jue Li, Yi Zhang, Yawei Xu
This study aimed to investigate the discrepancy between pulse wave velocity (PWV) and pulse pressure amplification (PPA) in association with hypertensive target organ damage (TOD) in the elderly. From June 2014 to August 2015, 1599 participants aged >65 years old from communities located in northern Shanghai were recruited. Carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV), peripheral blood pressure (BP), central BP and other TOD indicators, including the ratio of the early ventricular filling velocity (E) to the peak velocity of the tissue Doppler velocity of septal mitral annulus (E/Ea), left ventricular mass index (LVMI), carotid intima-medium thickness (CIMT), estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), and urinary albumin-creatinine ratio (ACR), were determined for each participant...
March 13, 2018: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
Theodoros Kelesidis, Carlee B Moser, Elizabeth Johnston, James H Stein, Michael P Dube, Otto O Yang, Grace A McComsey, Judith S Currier, Todd T Brown
BACKGROUND: The contributions of the Receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL)/osteoprotegerin (OPG) axis to cardiovascular and bone disease in treated HIV-1 infection is not well-defined. SETTING: Prospective, observational, longitudinal study. METHODS: In a subset analysis of a prospective randomized clinical trial, 234 HIV-1-infected antiretroviral therapy (ART)-naïve participants received tenofovir-emtricitabine plus either atazanavir/ritonavir, darunavir/ritonavir, or raltegravir and achieved plasma HIV-1 RNA <50 copies/ml by week 24 and thereafter...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
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