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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042513/distress-and-rumor-exposure-on-social-media-during-a-campus-lockdown
#1
Nickolas M Jones, Rebecca R Thompson, Christine Dunkel Schetter, Roxane Cohen Silver
During crisis events, people often seek out event-related information to stay informed of what is happening. However, when information from official channels is lacking or disseminated irregularly, people may be at risk for exposure to rumors that fill the information void. We studied information-seeking during a university lockdown following an active-shooter event. In study 1, students in the lockdown (n = 3,890) completed anonymous surveys 1 week later. Those who indicated receiving conflicting information about the lockdown reported greater acute stress [standardized regression coefficient (b) = 0...
October 31, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903808/active-shooter-events-in-the-workplace-findings-and-policy-implications
#2
M Hunter Martaindale, William L Sandel, J Pete Blair
Employees and citizens generally view places of business as inherently safe. Business leaders sometimes make hasty security decisions in hopes of protecting their employees and customers. Leadership should have empirical data to aid in the decision-making process. This paper provides an exhaustive breakdown of active-shooter events in the workplace. The data are disaggregated by business function (eg retail, factory/warehouse, and office space) and include information on the shooter, the event itself, and how the event was resolved...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822211/healthcare-students-interprofessional-critical-event-disaster-response-course
#3
Tae Eung Kim, Tamara Shankel, Ellen T Reibling, Jacqueline Paik, Dolores Wright, Michelle Buckman, Kathi Wild, Ehren Ngo, Alireza Hayatshahi, Lee H Nguyen, T Kent Denmark, Tamara L Thomas
OBJECTIVE: Numerous disasters confirm the need for critical event training in healthcare professions. However, no single discipline works in isolation and interprofessional learning is recognized as a necessary component. An interprofessional faculty group designed a learning curriculum crossing professional schools. DESIGN: Faculty members from four healthcare schools within the university (nursing, pharmacy, allied health, and medicine) developed an interdisciplinary course merging both published cross-cutting competencies for critical event response and interprofessional education competencies...
2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818425/the-hartford-consensus-survey-of-the-public-and-healthcare-professionals-on-active-shooter-events-in-hospitals
#4
Lenworth M Jacobs, Karyl J Burns
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 15, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816905/workplace-violence-and-active-shooter-considerations-for-health-care-workers-aoa-critical-issues
#5
Bryan Warren, Michael Bosse, Paul Tornetta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 16, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599052/tccc-updates-two-decades-of-saving-lives-on-the-battlefield-tactical-combat-casualty-care-turns-20
#6
Frank K Butler
BACKGROUND: Twenty years ago, the original Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) article was published in this journal. Since TCCC is essentially a set of bestpractice prehospital trauma care guidelines customized for use on the battlefield, the presence of a journal with a specific focus on military medicine was a profound benefit to the initial presentation of TCCC to the US Military. METHODS: In the two ensuing decades, which included the longest continuous period of armed conflict in our nation's history, TCCC steadily evolved as the prehospital trauma care evidence base was augmented and as feedback from user medics, corpsmen, and pararescuemen was obtained...
December 0: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501449/initial-steps-in-training-the-public-about-bleeding-control-surgeon-participation-and-evaluation
#7
Lenworth M Jacobs, Karyl J Burns, Peter T Pons, Mark L Gestring
BACKGROUND: With increasing active shooter and intentional mass casualty events, as well as everyday injuries resulting in severe bleeding, there have been calls for the public to learn bleeding control techniques. The aims of this project were to offer bleeding control training to surgeons attending the Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons (ACS), to determine if the trained surgeons believe that teaching bleeding control to the public should be a priority of the ACS, and to assess the surgeon trainees' perceptions regarding the appropriateness of the course for a public audience...
June 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478999/integration-of-tactical-ems-in-the-national-park-service
#8
REVIEW
William Will R Smith
The National Park Service (NPS) has domestic responsibility for emergency medical services (EMS) in remote and sometimes tactical situations in 417 units covering over 34 million hectares (84 million acres). The crossover between conflicting patient care priorities and complex medical decision making in the tactical, technical, and wilderness/remote environments often has many similarities. Patient care in these diverse locations, when compared with military settings, has slightly different variables but often similar corresponding risks to the patients and providers...
June 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389329/associations-between-active-shooter-incidents-and-gun-ownership-and-storage-among-families-with-young-children-in-the-united-states
#9
Taryn W Morrissey
The presence of firearms and their unsafe storage in the home can increase risk of firearm-related death and injury, but public opinion suggests that firearm ownership is a protective factor against gun violence. This study examined the effects of a recent nearby active shooter incident on gun ownership and storage practices among families with young children. A series of regression models, with data from the nationally representative Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort merged with the FBI's Active Shooter Incidents data collected in 2003-2006, were used to examine whether household gun ownership and storage practices differed in the months prior to and following an active shooter incident that occurred anywhere in the United States or within the same state...
July 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345749/the-use-of-social-media-for-campus-safety
#10
Brittany Haupt, Naim Kapucu, Jeffrey Morgan
As public safety communication evolved, each disaster or emergency presented unique challenges for emergency managers and others response to disasters. Yet, a foundational focus is the timely dissemination of accurate information to keep communities informed and able to prepare, mitigate, respond, and recover. For the campus community, the increase in bomb threats, active shooter incidents, and geographic-based natural disasters call for the discovery of reliable and cost-effective solutions for emergency information management...
January 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290925/two-decades-of-saving-lives-on-the-battlefield-tactical-combat-casualty-care-turns-20
#11
Frank K Butler
BACKGROUND: Twenty years ago, the original Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) article was published in this journal. Since TCCC is essentially a set of best-practice prehospital trauma care guidelines customized for use on the battlefield, the presence of a journal with a specific focus on military medicine was a profound benefit to the initial presentation of TCCC to the U.S. Military. METHODS: In the two ensuing decades, which included the longest continuous period of armed conflict in our nation's history, TCCC steadily evolved as the prehospital trauma care evidence base was augmented and as feedback from user medics, corpsmen, and pararescuemen was obtained...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260545/lessons-learned-from-an-active-shooter-full-scale-functional-exercise-in-a-newly-constructed-emergency-department
#12
Bryan Wexler, Avram Flamm
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this exercise was to conduct a full-scale functional exercise utilizing an active-shooter-based scenario to test and evaluate hospital response and coordination with local law enforcement. METHODS: A multidisciplinary group, including community partners, formulated objectives in accordance with the Homeland Security Exercise and Evaluation Program and defined a scenario. A date to conduct the exercise was chosen on the basis of the expected completion of a large section of the new emergency department but prior to its opening for patient care...
March 6, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734440/medical-provider-ballistic-protection-at-active-shooter-events
#13
Jason P Stopyra, William P Bozeman, David W Callaway, James Winslow, Henderson D McGinnis, Justin Sempsrott, Lisa Evans-Taylor, Roy L Alson
There is some controversy about whether ballistic protective equipment (body armor) is required for medical responders who may be called to respond to active shooter mass casualty incidents. In this article, we describe the ongoing evolution of recommendations to optimize medical care to injured victims at such an incident. We propose that body armor is not mandatory for medical responders participating in a rapid-response capacity, in keeping with the Hartford Consensus and Arlington Rescue Task Force models...
2016: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729097/from-protective-intelligence-to-threat-assessment-strategies-critical-to-preventing-targeted-violence-and-the-active-shooter
#14
Matthew Doherty
Acts of targeted violence - including active shooter incidents - are typically over within 15 minutes, often before the first law enforcement personnel can respond to the scene. More than a third of active shooter incidents in the USA, for example, last less than five minutes. While this stark fact is often used, with unimpeachable validity, as the cornerstone of employee security awareness training and the need for each employee to make a quick decision on whether to run, hide or fight, it also underscores the importance of another critical priority: prevention...
2016: Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450605/integration-of-tactical-emergency-casualty-care-into-the-national-tactical-emergency-medical-support-competency-domains
#15
Andre Pennardt, David W Callaway, Rich Kamin, Craig Llewellyn, Geoff Shapiro, Philip A Carmona, Richard B Schwartz
Tactical emergency medical support (TEMS) is a critical component of the out-of-hospital response to domestic high-threat incidents such as hostage scenarios, warrant service, active shooter or violent incidents, terrorist attacks, and other intentional mass casualty-producing acts. From its grass-roots inception in the form of medical support of select law enforcement special weapons and tactics (SWAT) units in the 1980s, the TEMS subspecialty of prehospital care has rapidly grown and evolved over the past 40 years...
2016: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27280223/the-continuing-threat-of-active-shooter-and-intentional-mass-casualty-events-local-and-law-enforcement-and-hemorrhage-control
#16
Alexander L Eastman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27280222/the-hartford-consensus-iii-implementation-of-bleeding-control
#17
Lenworth M Jacobs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27280221/stop-the-bleed-strategies-to-enhance-survival-in-active-shooter-and-intentional-mass-casualty-events-the-hartford-consensus-a-major-step-forward-in-translating-battlefield-trauma-care-advances-to-the-civilian-sector
#18
Frank K Butler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27265929/the-hartford-consensus-iv-a-call-for-increased-national-resilience
#19
Lenworth M Jacobs
Despite advances in the response to active shooter and intentional mass casualty events, a gap remains in our national preparedness and resilience. Drawing from experiences at myriad mass casualty events, the immediate responder (volunteer responder) represents an underutilized resource, yet one capable of dramatically increasing our all-hazards (injuries from all natural and man-made causes) national resilience. The overarching principle of the Hartford Consensus, outlined in previous reports, is that no one should die from uncontrolled bleeding...
April 2016: Connecticut Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27232429/analyzing-language-in-suicide-notes-and-legacy-tokens
#20
Michael J Egnoto, Darrin J Griffin
BACKGROUND: Identifying precursors that will aid in the discovery of individuals who may harm themselves or others has long been a focus of scholarly research. AIM: This work set out to determine if it is possible to use the legacy tokens of active shooters and notes left from individuals who completed suicide to uncover signals that foreshadow their behavior. METHOD: A total of 25 suicide notes and 21 legacy tokens were compared with a sample of over 20,000 student writings for a preliminary computer-assisted text analysis to determine what differences can be coded with existing computer software to better identify students who may commit self-harm or harm to others...
March 2016: Crisis
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