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"workplace violence"

Steve Geoffrion, Jane Goncalves, André Marchand, Richard Boyer, Alain Marchand, Marc Corbière, Stéphane Guay
Background: Serious violent acts (e.g. physical violence, robbery, sexual aggression and death threats) are among the most visible and notable examples of workplace violence. Although women are commonly found to be at higher risk for post-traumatic reactions following workplace violence, little is known as regards sex differences concerning the types of post-traumatic reactions and their predictors. Objective: This study aimed to describe sex differences in the post-traumatic reactions of serious violent acts and the predictors of such reactions...
March 14, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
Sharone Bar-David
A recent study of patient violence toward hospital physicians and nurses offers a welcome perspective in its classifying of aggressive behaviors as workplace violence. While patients and families are widely recognized as sources of rude behaviors, we need to shed light on passive aggressive and other low-level rude behaviors that take place frequently amongst hospital personnel as well. Studied under the term "workplace incivility," these seemingly insignificant behaviors that show lack of regard for colleagues have far reaching negative consequences...
March 14, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
Michal Itzhaki, Irit Bluvstein, Anat Peles Bortz, Hava Kostistky, Dor Bar Noy, Vivian Filshtinsky, Miriam Theilla
Professional quality of life (ProQOL) reflects how individuals feel about their work as helpers. Psychiatric ward nurses cope with significant psychological and physical challenges, including exposure to verbal and physical violence. This study was based on two aspects of ProQOL, the positive compassion satisfaction, and the negative compassion fatigue, with the aim of investigating the relation of ProQOL to job stress and violence exposure at a large mental health center. Data were collected from 114 mental health nurses (49/63 M/F) who completed a self-administered questionnaire examining violence exposure, ProQOL, and job stress...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Isabelle Niedhammer, Thomas Lesuffleur, Géraldine Labarthe, Jean-François Chastang
BACKGROUND: Social inequalities in work injury have been observed but explanations are still missing. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the contribution of working conditions in the explanation of social inequalities in work injury in a national representative sample of employees. METHODS: The study was based on the cross-sectional sample of the national French survey SUMER 2010 including 46,962 employees, 26,883 men and 20,079 women. The number of work injuries within the last 12 months was studied as the outcome...
March 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
Gilava Hedayati Emam, Hossein Alimohammadi, Akram Zolfaghari Sadrabad, Hamidreza Hatamabadi
Introduction: Due to the stressful nature of emergency Department (ED), residents in ED are at risk of violence from patients or their associates. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of workplace violence against ED residents and the reasons for not reporting them. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on ED residents of three educational hospitals, Tehran, Iran, during 2015. The national questionnaire about workplace violence was used for data gathering...
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
M L Li, P Chen, F H Zeng, Q L Cui, J Zeng, X S Zhao, Z N Li
Objective: To analyze the effect of job characteristics and organizational support for workplace violence, explore the influence path and the theoretical model, and provide a theoretical basis for reducing workplace violence. Methods: Stratified random sampling was used to select 813 medical staff, conductors and bus drivers in Chongqing with a self-made questionnaire to investigate job characteristics, organization attitude toward workplace violence, workplace violence, fear of violence, workplace violence, etc from February to October, 2014...
December 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
Brian J Hall, Peng Xiong, Kay Chang, Ming Yin, Xin-Ru Sui
Medical workplace violence (MWV) is a key occupational hazard facing medical professionals worldwide. MWV involves incident where medical staff are abused, threatened and assaulted. MWV affects the health and well-being of medical staff exposed, causes significant erosion of patient-physician trust and leads to poorer health outcomes for patients. In China, the prevalence of MWV appears to be rising. Laws were enacted to keep medical staff safe, but clear surveillance and enforcement is needed to improve the condition...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Alice M Hellebrand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Nephrology Nursing Journal: Journal of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association
Yuichi Kasai, Tetsutaro Mizuno, Toshihiko Sakakibara, Si Thu, Thein Aung Kyaw, Kyaw Aung Htun
OBJECTIVE: Workplace violence in hospitals is recently becoming a major global concern in many countries. However, in Myanmar, we have felt that patients and their families have rarely made unreasonable complaints in hospitals, and then, the purpose of this study is to report the current state of workplace violence in hospitals in Myanmar. Participants are 196 physicians (108 males and 88 females) in hospitals in Myanmar. RESULTS: A descriptive survey was conducted in regard to verbal abuse and physical violence from patients or the people concerned...
February 15, 2018: BMC Research Notes
Shihong Zhao, Yu Shi, Zhinan Sun, Fengzhe Xie, Jinghui Wang, Shue Zhang, Tianyu Gou, Xuanye Han, Tao Sun, Lihua Fan
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: We investigated the inter-relationships between workplace violence (WPV), thriving at work, and turnover intention among Chinese nurses and explored the action mechanism among these variables. BACKGROUND: WPV is a dangerous occupational hazard globally, and it is pervasive in the health service industry. As a corollary, WPV may produce many negative outcomes among nursing staff. Consequently, it hinders nurses' professional performance and reduces nursing quality...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Nicola Ramacciati, Andrea Ceccagnoli, Beniamino Addey, Laura Rasero
INTRODUCTION: Physical and verbal aggression against health professionals, particularly nurses, is globally serious and widespread, with the most vulnerable being nurses working in the Accident and Emergency Department. Most international research into this issue focused on quantifying aggression, describing its nature, identifying perpetrators, stratifying risk and implementing preventive or mitigating interventions. Few studies investigated the nurses' subjective perceptions. As part of the 2016 Italian National Survey on Violence against Accident and Emergency Nurses, our research team collected qualitative data to explore their perceptions of Workplace Violence...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Bing Xiang Yang, Teresa E Stone, Marcia A Petrini, Diana L Morris
OBJECTIVE: Workplace violence and its impact on mental health nurses have yet to be thoroughly explored in China. This study aims to investigate the incidence, type, related factors, and effects of workplace violence on mental health nurses as well as identifying coping strategies. METHODS: A researcher - designed workplace violence questionnaire and the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey were distributed to nurses at a mental health hospital in Wuhan, China...
February 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
Darcy Copeland, Melissa Henry
BACKGROUND: Emergency department staff members are frequently exposed to workplace violence which may have physical, psychological, and workforce related consequences. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between exposure to workplace violence, tolerance to violence, expectations of violence, perceptions of workplace safety, and Professional Quality of Life (compassion satisfaction - CS, burnout - BO, secondary traumatic stress - STS) among emergency department staff members...
February 2, 2018: International Emergency Nursing
Minkyung Han, Sohee Park, Jong Heon Park, Seung-Sik Hwang, Inah Kim
OBJECTIVES: The work of public officers involves repeated and long-term exposure to heavy workloads, high job strain and workplace violence, all of which negatively impact physical and mental health. This study aimed to evaluate and compare the incidences of diseases among different categories of public officers in Korea, in order to further understand the health risks associated with these occupations. DESIGN: A cohort study using the National Health Insurance data...
January 31, 2018: BMJ Open
Huiying Fang, Xiaowen Zhao, Haicheng Yang, Peihang Sun, Ying Li, Kexin Jiang, Peng Li, Mingli Jiao, Ming Liu, Hong Qiao, Qunhong Wu
OBJECTIVES: Workplace violence is relatively frequent among medical professionals who work in otorhinolaryngology units. This phenomenon reduces the quality of provided medical care and increases the incidence of depressive symptoms among physicians and nurses, seriously affecting their job satisfaction and work efficiency with a negative attitude towards providing treatment. Few existing studies have assessed workplace-violence-related factors associated with depressive symptoms among otorhinolaryngology physicians and nurses...
January 27, 2018: BMJ Open
Samira Samadzadeh, Masoumeh Aghamohammadi
Background Workplace violence has a great impact on the quality of patient care and satisfaction. This study aimed to determine the extent of violence experienced by nursing students, and its predisposing factors. Methods This was a cross-sectional study which was conducted on 150 nursing students in teaching hospitals of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences. A questionnaire form was used for data collection. Results Participants stated they were abused physically (12.7%), verbally (73.3%), racial (40.7%), and sexually (5...
January 25, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
Louisa J Abraham, Ogilvie Thom, Jaimi H Greenslade, Marianne Wallis, Amy Nb Johnston, Eric Carlström, Donna Mills, Julia Crilly
OBJECTIVE: Clinical staff in EDs are subject to a range of stressors. The objective of this study was to describe and compare clinical staff perceptions of their ED's working environment across two different Australian EDs. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive, research design that included distribution of three survey tools to clinical staff in two Australian EDs in 2016. Descriptive statistics were reported to characterise workplace stressors, coping styles and the ED environment...
January 23, 2018: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
Manisha Pandey, Tulsi Ram Bhandari, Ganesh Dangal
BACKGROUND: Workplace violence among nurses is prevalent worldwide. If nurses become aware of the workplace violence and its risk factors then only they can protect themselves. This study assessed the prevalence of workplace violence and its associated factors among nurses in Pokhara, Nepal. METHODS: A hospital-based descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in Pokhara. The required sample size of the study was 200 nurses. We adopted self-administered questionnaire developed by International Labor Office, International Council of Nurses, World Health Organization (WHO), and Public Services International...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
Vicky Bungay, Adrian Guta
OBJECTIVES: To examine indoor sex workers' strategies in preventing workplace violence and influential socio-structural conditions. METHODS: Data included qualitative interviews with 85 sex workers in British Columbia, Canada, from 2014 through 2016. For analyses, we used interpretive thematic techniques informed by World Health Organization position statements on violence. RESULTS: Robbery, nonpayment, financial exploitation, and privacy violations were frequent types of violence perpetrated by clients, landlords, and neighbors...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
Isaac Mensah Boafo
BACKGROUND: Studies have established the negative effects of workplace disrespect and violence on the personal and professional well-being of nurses. In spite of this, only a few have directly investigated the effects of these issues on nurses' job satisfaction. In Africa, research on nurses' job satisfaction continues to focus largely on economic factors. The aim of this paper was, therefore, to investigate the impact of the non-economic factors of workplace violence and respect on the job satisfaction levels of nurses in Ghana...
January 15, 2018: Human Resources for Health
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