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"workplace violence"

Ambrose Hon-Wai Wong, Joan Combellick, Beth Ann Wispelwey, Allison Squires, Maureen Gang
OBJECTIVES: The emergency department (ED) has been recognized as a high-risk environment for workplace violence. Acutely agitated patients who perpetrate violence against healthcare workers represent a complex care challenge in the ED. Recommendations to improve safety are often based on expert opinion rather than empirical data. In this study we aim to describe the lived experience of staff members caring for this population in order to provide a broad perspective of ED patient violence...
October 15, 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Paola Ferri, Monica Silvestri, Cecilia Artoni, Rosaria Di Lorenzo
BACKGROUND: Workplace violence (WPV) against health professionals is a global problem with an increasing incidence. The aims of this study were as follows: 1) to examine the frequency and characteristics of WPV in different settings and professionals of a general hospital and 2) to identify the clinical and organizational factors related to this phenomenon. METHODS: The study was cross-sectional. In a 1-month period, we administered the "Violent Incident Form" to 745 professionals (physicians, head nurses, nurses, nursing assistants), who worked in 15 wards of a general hospital in northern Italy...
2016: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
Isaac Mensah Boafo, Peter Hancock, Eyal Gringart
AIM: To document the incidence, sources and effects of workplace verbal abuse and sexual harassment against Ghanaian nurses. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Ghana from 2013-2014 which surveyed 592 professional nurses and midwives working in public hospitals in Ghana using the health sector violence questionnaire. RESULTS: The majority of participants were females (80%). The average age of participants was 31·76 years and the average number of years practising as nurse was 7·38...
April 2016: Nurs Open
Peter G van der Velden, Mark W G Bosmans, Erik van der Meulen
AIM: To examine predictors of repeated confrontations with workplace violence among ambulance personnel, the proportion of exposure to potentially traumatic events that are aggression-related and to what extent personnel was able to prevent escalations. Although previous research assessed the prevalences among this group, little is known about predictors, to what extent PTE's are WPV-related and their abilities to prevent escalations. DESIGN: A longitudinal study with a 6 months' time interval (N = 103)...
April 2016: Nurs Open
Branko Gabrovec, Ivan Eržen
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this research was to identify the prevalence of violence towards nursing staff in Slovenian nursing homes. METHODS: For the purpose of this study, a non-experimental sampling method was employed, using a structured questionnaire as a data collection instrument (n=527). The contents of the questionnaire proved valid and reliable, with a high enough degree of internal consistency (Cronbach Alpha minimum 0.82). RESULTS: The nursing staffs working in nursing homes for senior citizens are at high risk of violence...
September 1, 2016: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Cyril Tarquinio, Christine Rotonda, William A Houllé, Sébastien Montel, Jenny Ann Rydberg, Laetitia Minary, Hélène Dellucci, Pascale Tarquinio, Any Fayard, François Alla
This randomized controlled trial study aims to investigate the efficacy of an early psychological intervention called EMDR-RE compared to Critical Incident Stress Debriefing on 60 victims of workplace violence, which were divided into three groups: 'EMDR-RE' (n = 19), 'CISD' (n = 23), and 'delayed EMDR-RE' (n = 18). EMDR-RE and CISD took place 48 hours after the event, whilst third intervention was delayed by an additional 48 hours. Results showed that after 3 months PCLS and SUDS scores were significantly lower with EMDR-RE and delayed EMDR-RE compared to CISD...
October 3, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Ha Do Byon, Carla Storr, Lori Edwards, Jane Lipscomb
BACKGROUND: Health care workers providing home care are frequently unaware of their client's history of violence or mental illness/substance abuse disorder, recognized risk factors for workplace violence. This study estimated the associations between these factors and experiencing client violence among direct care workers in the home settings (DCWHs). METHODS: Acts and threats of violence were estimated using data from an anonymous survey among DCWHs (n = 876) working at two large home care agencies...
September 26, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Cristina Vidal-Martí, Carles Pérez-Testor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2016: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
Benjamin H Schnapp, Benjamin H Slovis, Anar D Shah, Abra L Fant, Michael A Gisondi, Kaushal H Shah, Christie A Lech
INTRODUCTION: Several studies have shown that workplace violence in the emergency department (ED) is common. Residents may be among the most vulnerable staff, as they have the least experience with these volatile encounters. The goal for this study was to quantify and describe acts of violence against emergency medicine (EM) residents by patients and visitors and to identify perceived barriers to safety. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey study queried EM residents at multiple New York City hospitals...
September 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Angel Johann Solorzano Martinez
Workplace violence in health care settings is an occupational issue concerning nurses and other health care professionals. Patient aggression against nurses is often the most common form of violence in clinical settings, occurring in emergency departments, inpatient psychiatric settings, and nursing homes. Physical and verbal assaults are the major forms of workplace violence encountered by nurses. Current research has identified staff, environmental, and patient risk factors as the major precursors of workplace violence initiated by patients...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
L Uronen, J Heimonen, P Puukka, K-P Martimo, J Hartiala, S Salanterä
BACKGROUND: Health checks in occupational health (OH) care should prevent deterioration of work ability and promote well-being at work. Documentation of health checks should reflect and support continuity of prevention and practice. AIMS: To analyse how OH nurses (OHNs) undertaking health checks document psychosocial factors at work and use the Work Ability Index (WAI). METHODS: Analysis of two consecutive OHN health check records and WAI scores with statistical analyses and annotations of 13 psychosocial factors based on a publicly available standard on psychosocial risk management: British Standards Institution specification PAS 1010, part of European Council Directive 89/391/EEC, with a special focus on work-related stress and workplace violence...
August 27, 2016: Occupational Medicine
Shedine Bent
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: American Journal of Nursing
Kai Xing, Xue Zhang, Mingli Jiao, Yu Cui, Yan Lu, Jinghua Liu, Jingjing Zhang, Yuchong Zhao, Yanming Zhao, Ye Li, Libo Liang, Zheng Kang, Qunhong Wu, Mei Yin
Workplace violence in Chinese township hospitals is a major public health problem. We identified the risk factors of healthcare workers' worry about experiencing workplace violence in 90 Chinese township hospitals and determined specific measures for differing stages of violence (based on crisis management theory). Participants were 440 general practitioners and 398 general nurses from Heilongjiang Province, China (response rate 84.6%). One hundred and six (12.6%) respondents reported being physically attacked in their workplace in the previous 12 months...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Jill Sederstrom
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Behavioral Healthcare
Stéphane Guay, Jane Goncalves, Richard Boyer
Workplace violence can lead to serious consequences for victims, organizations, and society. Most workplace violence prevention programs aim to train staff to better recognize and safely manage at-risk situations. The Omega education and training program was developed in Canada in 1999, and has since been used to teach healthcare and mental health workers the skills needed to effectively intervene in situations of aggression. The present study was designed to assess the impact of Omega on employee psychological distress, confidence in coping, and perceived exposure to violence...
August 1, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Pilar Montesó-Curto, Carina Aguilar, Marylène Lejeune, Lina Casadó-Marin, Georgina Casanova Garrigós, Carme Ferré-Grau
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To understand the relation between the experience of violence and sociodemographic and clinical factors, and to determine whether diagnosed depression and the presence of anxiety and stress are related to having experienced workplace and domestic violence in different genders and age groups. BACKGROUND: Previous studies indicate that domestic and workplace violence increase the risk of suffering from depression. However, no studies have evaluated these two types of violence in a same cohort...
August 3, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Claudia Palumbo, Guido Di Sciascio, Salvatore Di Staso, Felice Carabellese, Antonella Valerio, Roberto Catanesi
OBJECTIVES: Workplace violence is a common risk for mental health professionals, and psychiatrists often encounter it in a variety of settings. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence and features of violent episodes toward psychiatrists in various mental healthcare system settings. METHODS: All psychiatrists from the Region of Puglia (Apulia) were contacted (N=285) via email and were administered an on-line standardized questionnaire. RESULTS: The response rate by psychiatrists was 57%...
2016: La Medicina del Lavoro
Joseph R Wax, Michael G Pinette, Angelina Cartin
IMPORTANCE: While health care workers comprise just 13% of the US workforce, they experience 60% of all workplace assaults. This violence is the second leading cause of fatal occupational injury. Women comprise 45% of the US labor force but 80% of health care workers, the highest proportion of females in any industry. OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to describe the prevalence, forms, and consequences of health care workplace violence (WPV). The role and components of prevention programs for avoiding or mitigating violence are discussed, including opportunities for participation by obstetrician-gynecologists...
August 2016: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
Ron Wyatt, Kim Anderson-Drevs, Lynn M Van Male
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Lisa van Reemst, Tamar F C Fischer
Police officers, firefighters, and emergency medical workers are at a relatively high risk of experiencing external workplace violence (EWPV), that is, violence initiated by people outside the organization. Based on criminal opportunities theories, the aim of this research was to study to what extent socio-demographic and work characteristics are related to experiencing EWPV. In addition, the aim was to explore how these relations differ between the three types of emergency responders. Data from a workplace violence survey of the Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations of the Netherlands was used, from which emergency medical workers (n = 264), firefighters (n = 255), and police officers (n = 296) were selected...
July 12, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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